Connections

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Connections

© All Rights Reserved

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CE473

(TIMBER DESIGN)

Entitled as

Of a Proposed Two Storey Timber Residential House

Submitted by

LAZO, EMMANUEL M.

Submitted to

Engr. Billy I. Rejuso

October 6, 2015

CONNECTIONS

The main material used for the joint connections of this structure is a bolt with metal plate. All

connections are considered to be in double shear.

Theoretical

Actual

BEAM-COLUMN CONNECTION

The types of connection for beam-column depends on the number of beams which receive support

from columns. The figures below show the dimensions of the column and the dimensions to be extracted

from it.

the

The broken lines show the area to be extracted from the column, and to be added to the beam for

connection.

The

first type

shows a column with two beams connected in it, which is usually a corner

column.

The second type is a column with three beams most likely a

side

column. Lastly, the third type is

a column

with

four

beams

connected

which is most of the time an interior column.

FRONT VIEW

SIDE VIEW

The number of bolts is to be solved in the next sections. This figure shows the interaction that will

happen in the face of the column.

the beam and column.

Beam-Girder (Beam-Beam)

The beam-girder connection is almost the same with beam-column. In this structure, there are only

two beam-girder connections and thus no need for type specification.

Truss-Column (Truss-Beam)

member of truss to column. Like the other connections, this

is a double shear using bolts. The rafters of the truss will be

bolted to the extended part of the column.

COMPUTATIONS

BEAM-COLUMN, BEAM-BEAM

Process

1. Determine the vertical (shear) forces in the member ends to be connected to other members.

2. Determine the length of bolt in main member, the diameter of the bolt, and the allowable loads the

bolt could carry.

3. Compute for the number of bolts needed and spacing.

Connection

F4-B1

C1

FA-B1

FA-B1

C2

F3-B1

FA-B2

FA-B2

C3

F2-B1

FA-B3

FA-B3

C4

F1-B1

F4-B1

C5

F4-B2

FB-B1

FB-B1

F3-B1

C6

F3-B2

FB-B2

FB-B2

F2-B1

C7

F2-B2

FB-B3

FB-B3

C8

F1-B1

F1-B2

F4-B2

C9

FD-B1

C10

FD-B1

Type

1

2

2

1

2

2

1

3

Beam L

5

4

4

5

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

5

5

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

W

6.5826853

0.40068431

0.40068431

11.9753195

0.42320048

0.42320048

14.8984245

0.51162045

0.51162045

9.495686

6.5826853

6.5826853

0.171675

0.171675

11.9753195

6.150751

0.490749

0.490749

14.8984245

9.108191

0.171675

0.171675

9.495686

9.495686

6.5826853

0.43070588

0.43070588

V

16.45671

0.801369

0.801369

29.9383

0.846401

0.846401

37.24606

1.279051

1.279051

23.73922

16.45671

16.45671

0.34335

0.34335

29.9383

15.37688

0.981498

0.981498

37.24606

22.77048

0.429188

0.429188

23.73922

23.73922

16.45671

0.861412

0.861412

x

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

Q

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

N

2

1

1

4

1

1

4

1

1

3

2

2

1

1

4

2

1

1

4

3

1

1

3

3

2

1

1

C11

C12

C13

C14

F3-B2

FD-B2

F3-B3

FD-B2

F2-B2

FD-B3

F2-B3

FD-B3

F1-B2

F3-B3

FE-B1

F3-B2

FE-B1

5

4

3

4

5

4

3

5

5

3

4

3

4

2

2

2

6.150751

7.7678328

0.27468

7.7678328

9.108191

0.4811697

0.27468

0.4811697

9.495686

0.27468

6.21363008

0.27468

6.21363008

15.37688

15.53567

0.41202

15.53567

22.77048

0.962339

0.41202

1.202924

23.73922

0.41202

12.42726

0.41202

12.42726

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

2

2

1

2

3

1

1

1

3

1

2

1

2

V is the reaction of the beam (WL/2)

x is the length of the main member of the connection

is the diameter of the bolt

Q is the load perpendicular to the grain

N is the number of bolts needed for the connection. (V/Q)

*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP 2010).

Connection

F4-B1

C15

FA-B1

FA-B1

C16

F3-B1

FA-B2

FA-B2

C17

F2-B1

FA-B3

FA-B3

C18

F1-B1

C19

F4-B1

F4-B2

Type

1

2

2

1

2

Beam L

5

4

4

5

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

5

W

0.6867

0.54936

0.54936

0.6867

0.54936

0.54936

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

V

1.71675

1.09872

1.09872

1.71675

1.09872

1.09872

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

x

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

Q

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

n

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

C20

C21

C22

C23

C24

C25

C26

C27

C28

Connect

ion

FB-B1

FB-B1

F3-B1

F3-B2

FB-B2

FB-B2

F2-B1

F2-B2

FB-B3

FB-B3

F1-B1

F1-B2

F4-B2

FD-B1

FD-B1

F3-B2

FD-B2

F3-B3

FD-B2

F2-B2

FD-B3

F2-B3

FD-B3

F1-B2

F3-B3

FE-B1

F3-B2

FE-B1

Beam L

4

4

5

5

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

5

4

3

4

5

4

3

5

5

3

4

3

4

2

1

2

2

2

F3-B2

5

F2-B2

5

nd

Beam-Beam (2 Floor Only)

FC-B1

0.54936

0.54936

0.6867

0.6867

0.54936

0.54936

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.6867

0.54936

0.54936

0.6867

0.54936

0.41202

0.54936

0.6867

0.54936

0.41202

0.6867

0.54936

0.41202

0.54936

0.41202

0.54936

1.09872

1.09872

1.71675

1.71675

1.09872

1.09872

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.71675

1.09872

1.09872

1.71675

1.09872

0.61803

1.09872

1.71675

1.09872

0.61803

1.71675

1.3734

0.61803

1.09872

0.61803

1.09872

2.406962 6.017404

2.406962 6.017404

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

9.84

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

n

9840

9840

1

1

TRUSS-COLUMN, TRUSS-BEAM

1. Determine the vertical (shear) forces in the member ends to be connected to other members.

2. Determine the length of bolt in main member, the diameter of the bolt, and the allowable loads the

bolt could carry.

3. Compute for the number of bolts needed and spacing.

Truss-Column

Connection

AB

C1

AC

FG

EG C5

IG

JL

C9

KL

Type

1

2

1

A

45.678

40.451

2.603

28.371

28.371

45.678

40.451

x

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

P

14.2

0

0

14.2

14.2

14.2

0

Q

9.84

9.84

9.84

0

0

9.84

9.84

(rad) cos

sin

0.4636 0.8944 0.4472

1

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

0.4636 0.8944 0.4472

1

0

R

13.0441

9.8400

9.8400

14.2000

14.2000

13.0441

9.8400

x is the length of the main member of the connection

is the diameter of the bolt

P is the load perpendicular to the grain

Q is the load perpendicular to the grain

R is the resultant of P and Q (Using Hankinsons Formula)

R=

PQ

P sin +Qcos2

2

*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of P and Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP

2010).

*This design applies to all trusses that are connected to columns.

n

4

5

1

2

2

4

5

Truss-Beam

Connection

AB

FA-B1

AC

FG

EG

FB-B1

IG

JL

FD-B1

KL

Type

1

2

1

A

45.678

40.451

2.603

28.371

28.371

45.678

40.451

x

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

P

14.2

0

0

14.2

14.2

14.2

0

Q

9.84

9.84

9.84

0

0

9.84

9.84

(rad) cos

sin

0.4636 0.8944 0.4472

1

0

1

0

0

1

0

1

0.4636 0.8944 0.4472

1

0

R

13.0441

9.8400

9.8400

14.2000

14.2000

13.0441

9.8400

x is the length of the main member of the connection

is the diameter of the bolt

P is the load perpendicular to the grain

Q is the load perpendicular to the grain

R is the resultant of P and Q (Using Hankinsons Formula)

R=

PQ

P sin +Qcos2

2

*Values of x and are chosen by the designer, resulting to a value of P and Q (from Table 6.17 NSCP

2010).

*This design applies to all trusses that are connected to columns.

n

4

5

1

2

2

4

5

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