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Student Book
Grammar Station

Practice

This section introduces the main


grammar points in the units. It provides
clear explanations and charts showing
grammatical forms, meanings, and
usages. There are also corresponding
pictures and simple examples to help
students easily understand the basic
grammar structures and rules that are
presented. Simple check-up exercises
are provided at the bottom of the
page. They are helpful in checking
students initial understanding of the
key grammar points.

Various exercises allow students to


reinforce and gradually expand their
understanding of the grammar rules
that they have learned. This section
involves correction exercises that train
students to recognize and correct
grammar errors in sentences.

Check Up
Guided exercises and drills are
presented to help students practice
the basic grammar structures. Students
get a chance to learn how to properly
apply the grammar rules through these
exercies.

Grammar in Writing
This section provides a variety of writing
types such as letters, diaries, book
reports, advertisements, news reports,
instructions, etc. This allows students to
apply their knowledge of the grammar
rules in a meaningful context.

Review
At the end of each unit, students
have the opportunity to review and
internalize what they have learned.

Supplementary Material
Review Test

Appendix: Grammar Station

After every four units, students will take a review


test. These tests aim to access and evaluate students
understanding of the grammar points that they have
learned.

Grammar charts from each units Grammar Station are


included in the back of the book. They allow students
to easily access the books main grammar points.

Contents
Nouns & Sentences

Future Tense

01

Jeff reads many books.

Parts of a Sentence

13

Shell take a train.

Future (Will): Positive & Negative

54

02

I need a lot of sugar.

Quantifiers 1: Many / Much / A Lot Of

10

14

Will you call me?

Future (Will): Questions

58

03

She has a cup of coffee.

Quantifiers 2: Noncount Nouns

14

15

Shes going to be late.

Future: Be Going To

62

04

I'm cold and hungry.

Conjunctions

18

16

How was the concert?

Question Words: How / Why

66

Present Tense

Adjectives & Adverbs

05

Andy helps his dad.

Present Simple

22

17

The woman is really fast.

Adjectives & Adverbs

70

06

I usually eat breakfast.

Frequency Adverbs

26

18

Science is easier than math.

Adjectives: Comparatives

74

07

Bob is writing a letter.

Present Continuous: Positive & Negative

30

19

I am the fastest in my class.

Adjectives: Superlatives

78

08

Is Ron watching TV?

Present Continuous: Questions

34

20

The ball is behind the box.

Prepositions of Place & Movement

82

Past Simple

Supplementary Material

09

I was very scared.

10

Was he sick last night?

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Questions

42

11

They worked together.

Past Simple: Positive & Negative

46

12

Did you dance yesterday?

Past Simple: Questions

50

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Positive & Negative

38

Review Tests 1 - 5
Appendix: Grammer Station
Scope & Sequence

88 - 97
98 - 102
103

01

Jeff reads many books.

Subject

Grammar Station

2. The man enjoys swimming.

 sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate.


A
The subject is who or what the sentence is about. It can be a noun or a pronoun.
The predicate is what the subject is or does. It is the rest of the sentence after the subject.
The predicate must have a verb.

3. The sunflowers are tall.


4. Uncle James lives in a small town.
5. The girl likes the pink dress.

Predicate (P)
swim.
are tall.
is a wonderful cook.
fly in the sky.
wants ice cream.

Fish
The basketball players
Mike
Airplanes
The baby

Predicate

1. My dad works for a car company.

Parts of a Sentence

Subject (S)

Look at the underlined parts and check the correct boxes.

Match the subjects with the predicates.


1

Jeff / reads many books.


(S)
(P)

I / like my puppy.
(S) (P)

1. You

are best friends.

2. Mr. Johnson

is a large city.

3. Carol and Jane

are good at drawing.

4. New York

exercises every day.

Snakes / are dangerous.


(S)
(P)

1. I eat healthy food every day.

Circle the subject of each sentence.

Circle and write the verbs in the underlined predicates.

eat

2. Laura has brown hair and blue eyes.

1. Our classroom is big.

2. Sally wears glasses.

3. Mrs. Kay is kind.

4. Nick and Jack are hungry.

5. We read English newspapers.

6. Your cell phone is new.

4. My dad washes his car every Sunday.

7. He likes grapes.

8. They are baseball players.

5. The students learn French once a week.

3. Nick is Jeffs new friend at school.

Unit 1

ech, you can


When you make a spe
arly with
cle
deliver your message
s.
ate
subjects and predic

Grammar in Writing
A

Put a slash between the subjects and the predicates.


1. Susan has many friends.

2. The children play in the park.

3. The girl enjoys basketball.

4. Jakes sister dances well.

5. The movie is boring.

6. Lemons are too sour.

Choose and complete the speech.

Vote for Me!


Good morning, my fellow students!
My name

Choose and complete the sentences. Then circle the verbs.


comic books

delicious

fish

1.

is Max

, and I want to be class president.

a hardworking kid and I generally get good grades .


I am good at sports, too!

my best friend

These are my plans to make our school better:


1. More fun books in the library!

2.

Vote for Max!

2. More fun time on the playground!


3. More field trips!

Dave is

my best friend .

We read

3.

Thank you for listening.

Ann doesnt like

2. Three are penguins on the snow.


3. Penguins is wonderful birds.

6. Penguins lives in cold places.

is Max

good grades

am good at

These are

work for

I am

Vote for

Complete the chart.

The weather is bad.


Three penguins are on the snow.

1. I have many friends.

Penguins are wonderful birds.

2. Jenny hates science.

Subject

Predicate

have many friends.

3. My brothers are noisy.

4. Have birds wings.


5. They small shrimp and fish eat.

class president

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. The weather bad is.

you!

4.

These cookies are

Max! Ill

4. Peaches are delicious.

They eat small shrimp and fish.

5. The weather is fine.

Penguins live in cold places.


Unit 1

02

I need a lot of sugar.

Choose and write the words in the correct categories.


Count

Grammar Station

dish

Quantifiers 1: Many / Much / A Lot Of


Many, much, and a lot of mean a large number or amount.
We use many with plural count nouns and much with noncount nouns.
We use a lot of with both plural count and noncount nouns.
Count Noun
P

many

N
Q

N
Q

a lot of

N
Q

There are a lot of pens.


There arent a lot of pens.
Are there a lot of pens?

P
N
Q

rain story meat

Change the underlined a lot of into many or much.

many

1. We can see a lot of pictures in the museum.

There is a lot of water.


There isnt a lot of water.
Is there a lot of water?
N Negative

rice

sugar picture roof

There isnt much water.


Is there much water?

P Positive

bread

money mirror stick

There are many pens.


There arent many pens.
Are there many pens?

much

dish

Noncount Noun

Noncount

2. Larry doesnt drink a lot of water.


3. Are there a lot of trees in your garden?

Q Question

4. I dont have a lot of homework today.


5. The tourists buy a lot of presents.

SUGAR

C
There are many flowers in our garden.
They need a lot of water.

Its sour. I need a lot of sugar.


Do you have much sugar?

Circle the correct words.

10

1. ( many / much ) questions

2. ( many / a lot of ) snow

3. ( many / a lot of ) bread

4. ( much / a lot of ) rooms

5. ( many / much ) children

6. ( many / much ) money

7. ( many / much ) juice

8. ( many / much ) animals

Complete the sentences with many or much.


2

1.

Many

4. I dont have

people visit the cave on weekends.

2. Stacy doesnt drink


3. There are

milk.
postcards in the box.
money today.
Unit 2

11

ry, you can


When you write a sto
ress the
use quantifiers to exp
s.
amounts of noun

Grammar in Writing
A

Circle and write the correct quantifiers.

many

1. Mr. and Mrs. White visit


2. There is

b. much

a. many

b. a lot of

a. much

b. a lot of

snow in the winter?

a. many

b. much

He carries

colored pencils?

a. many

b. much

The grasshopper thinks the ant is a fool.

flour in the bowl.

3. They watch

movies.

4. Do you have
5. Does Bob have

Choose and complete the story with the correct quantifiers and nouns.

a. many

places.

The Ant and the Grasshopper


Its summer. The ant prepares for winter.

many seeds

on his back.

He dances and plays.

sunglasses

cap

bread

snack

No. I dont have

. I have to do

We have

T-shirt

He has 1. ( much / a lot of )

Its a cold winter day.

caps

Theres __________

and

He has 3. ( many / much )

too.
food (x2)

He also has 4. ( many / much )

3
4

and 5. ( many / a lot of )

2. There are much roses in my garden.

seed

work (x2)

time

snow

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. We need many cheese.

outside. There isnt

. The grasshopper is cold and hungry.

2. ( much / a lot of )sunglasses .

here. Come and dance with me!

What does Harry have?

. Lets play together!

You always do

Circle the correct words and complete the sentences.

We need a lot of cheese.


There are many [a lot of] roses in my garden.

3. Does the house have much rooms?

Does the house have many [a lot of] rooms?

4. Lets hurry! We dont have many time.

Lets hurry! We dont have much [a lot of] time.

5. Sarah doesnt read much books.

Sarah doesnt read many [a lot of] books.

Complete the chart.


Count Noun

Sentence
Positive

Negative

Question

Noncount Noun

many children.
= There are a lot of children.

There are

I drink a

lot of milk every day.

much money.
= Jane doesnt have a lot of friends. = Bill doesnt have a lot of money.

Jane doesnt have

Do you watch

friends.

movies?

= Do you watch a lot of movies?

Bill doesnt have

Is there

ink in the bottle?

= Is there a lot of ink in the bottle?

6. My aunt drinks a lot of milks.


12

Unit 2

13

03

She has a cup of coffee.

1. There is a ( piece / can ) of chocolate cake.

Grammar Station

3. There are three ( pieces / cans ) of tuna.

 can express amounts for noncount nouns using these quantifiers: a cup of, a glass of,
We
a bottle of, a piece of, a slice of, a can of, a bag of, a carton of, etc.
Noncount Noun
coffee
tea
hot chocolate

a cup of

Quantifier

Noncount Noun

a slice of

ham / meat
bread
cheese
pizza

a can of

tuna
soda
soup
paint

a bag of

flour
sugar
rice
popcorn

juice
water
milk
wine

a glass of

water
juice
ketchup

a bottle of

cheese
cake
bread
paper

a piece of

4. There are two ( bottles / pieces ) of juice.


5. There are two ( cans / cartons ) of milk.
6. There is a ( bag / piece ) of popcorn.

milk
juice
soup

a carton of

a cup of coffee

a bag of flour

two cups of coffee

two bags of flour

Write the correct words.

a bottle of

2.

a cup of

3.

2. a can of soda

three

3. a piece of paper

ten

of paper

4. a slice of meat

four

of meat

5. a bottle of ketchup

five

of ketchup

4.

a slice of
5.

coffee
14

meat

water

rice

of soda

Choose and write the correct words.

3.

a bag of

of lemonade

two

bag

Match the quantifiers with the correct nouns.

glasses

1. a glass of lemonade

1.

1.

Popcorn

2. There is a ( slice / glass ) of water.

Quantifiers 2: Noncount Nouns

Quantifier

Circle the correct words.

glass

piece

a piece of cheese

a carton of soup

cup of hot

chocolate

slice

cup

carton

2.
three
4.

6.

of rice

four slices of ham

three glasses of water

Unit 3

15

Grammar in Writing
A

Match the quantifiers with the correct nouns and write them.

nu, you can


When you make a me
noncount
of
express the amounts
ers.
tifi
an
nouns by using qu

Complete the menu using quantifiers.

1. glass

tuna

2. carton

water

3. bag

pizza

4. can

milk

5. slice

flour

a glass of water

DANNYS $3, $6, and $9 MENU


$3 / PUMPKIN PIE

a slice of

Enjoy

pumpkin pie for only $3 with

milk!
$6 / SPICY COWBOY BURGER

Try our special spicy burger with

Look at Nellys lunch schedule and complete the sentences.


Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

orange juice or

Coke!

$9 / TODAYS SPECIAL
Enjoy our thick steak with a fried egg, __________
bacon, and

1. On Monday, Nelly has a tuna sandwich with


2. On Tuesday, she has a pancake with
3. On Wednesday, she has

a bottle of juice.

The special comes with a free

cake.
Coke.

Complete the chart.

hot chocolate.

Quantifier

piece

Noncount Noun

of

cake / bread / paper / cheese

of

coffee / tea / hot chocolate

of

water / milk / juice / wine

of

ketchup / water / juice

of

bread / cheese / meat / ham / pizza

3. May I use a pieces of paper?

of

milk / juice / soup

4. Ill have glass of apple juice.

of

flour / sugar / rice / popcorn

of

tuna / soda / paint / soup

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Sue has two slice of bread.
2. There are three bag rice.

5. Here are four can of paint.


16

cheesecake!

milk.

4. On Thursday, she has two slices of pizza with


5. On Friday, she has some snacks with

hot chocolate!

Sue has two slices of bread.

Unit 3

17

04

Im cold and hungry.

Circle the correct words.


1

Grammar Station

Conjunctions
And, but, and or are conjunctions. They connect sentences or parts of sentences.
We use and to connect similar ideas, but to connect two different ideas, and or to connect
choices or possibilities.
Conjunction
and

but

or

1. The boy is short, ( and / but ) he is fast.


2. I go to school by bike ( or / but ) by bus.

Sentence

3. Tashas new dog is black ( and / or ) white.

I am cold. + I am hungry.
I am cold and hungry.

4. Its a nice shop, ( and / but ) everything is expensive.

Max likes soccer. + Max doesnt like baseball.


Max likes soccer, but he doesnt like baseball.
Will you have milk? + Will you have juice?

Will you have milk or juice?

Its cold and windy outside.


Lets play chess or read comic books.

Match to complete the sentences.


1. I need a pen

but I dont have an umbrella.

2. Marie can play the piano,

or on the playground?

3. Are they in the classroom

or watermelons?

4. Its raining outside,

and a notebook.

5. Do you like melons

but she cant play the violin.

I like vegetables, but I dont like meat.


I eat tomatoes and carrots for lunch.

Complete the sentences with and, but, or or.


1. I have a sandwich

and

2. Is it your bike

Circle the conjunctions.


1. I want bread and butter.

2. Is it Monday or Tuesday?

3. Carol likes chocolate,

3. He is thin but strong.

4. It looks nice but old.

4. Lets go to the park

5. Draw a rose or a sunflower.

6. The tower is big and tall.

5. I can swim well,

7. My mom and dad go hiking on Sundays.

8. Does Joe like fish or meat?

6. Do you want to be a pilot

a bottle of juice for lunch.


your sisters bike?
I dont like it.
feed the birds.
my sister cant.
an astronaut?
Unit 4

18

19

ctions, you avoid


When you use conjun
n and make your
unnecessary repetitio
r.
tte
sentences sound be

Grammar in Writing
A

Connect the two sentences using conjunctions.

hungry and thirsty.

1. I am hungry. + I am thirsty.

I am

2. Are they tall? + Are they short?

Are they

3. The pond is big. + The pond is clean.

The pond is

4. This jacket is nice. + Its expensive.

This jacket is

5. I made a box. + She colored it.

I madea box and she colored it.

Choose and complete the explanation.


A Big Yellow Star

Space is large

. The sun is at the center of our solar system.


. The earth

It gives us heat

Choose and complete the sentences.


1

and wide

other planets go

around the sun. We must not look at the sun with the naked
4

eye. Sunlight is very ____________, so it can hurt our


eyes

. Do you want to know about

the _____________ ? Use your science books

1. It is sunny,

___________ . Take your time

but its cold outside .

2. Is this backpack yours


3. The movie is funny

?
.

4. Simon likes baseball,but he doesnt like soccer .

or Danas
but its cold outside
and exciting
but he doesnt like soccer

enjoy

exploring our solar system!


and (2)

and light

strong and hot

and wide

or the Internet

and skin
moon and stars

Complete the chart.


C

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. You but your sister are tall.

20

You and your sister are tall.

Conjunction

Sentence

The movie is fun. + The movie is exciting.

The movie is fun and exciting.

2. Is your moms hair black but brown?

Is your moms hair black or brown?

3. Turn the handle or open the door.

Turn the handle and open the door.

The runner is old. + The runner is fast.

4. Do you like cats or you like dogs?

Do you like cats or dogs?

5. The man is rich, and he is unhappy.

The man is rich, but he is unhappy.

6. Peaches are sweet, or lemons are sour.

Peaches are sweet, but lemons are sour.

Does he enjoy hiking? + Does he enjoy fishing?


Does he enjoy hiking or fishing?

Unit 4

21

05

Andy helps his dad.

Grammar Station

Present Simple
We use the present simple to talk about facts or habits.
We use the base verb with I, you, we, or they. We add -s or -es to the base verb with he, she,
or it.
Positive

Negative
run.

I / You / We / They

runs.

He /She / It

I / You / We / They

do not
(=dont)

run.

He /She / It

does not
(=doesnt)

run.

Yes/No Question

Complete the sentences in the present simple.


keep

2.

go

3.

leave

My sister and I

4.

have

The house

My dad

you /we /they

run?

Yes, I /you /they do.

No, I /you /they dont.

Does

he /she

run?

Yes, he /she does.

No, he /she doesnt.

Dana is Andys sister.


She plays with the dog.
She doesnt help her brother.

3.

22

Do
Does

Kate study hard?

dont play
doesnt play

clean
cleans

science.

Do

B No, they

B Yes, he

4. Do they

dont like

French.

soccer.

their dogs?

a car.
the tall boy.

Complete the dialogues.

1. A

Circle the correct words.

cries

a nice view.

4. We know the tall girl, but we

2. A

2. The children

home at 8:00.

Complete the negative sentences in the present simple.

at night.

hiking once a month.

2. Helen studies Japanese, but she

cry

a diary.

3. Mr. Jones drives a car, but Mrs. Jones

Do

1. The baby

Jamie

1. I like math, but I

Answer

Andy helps his dad on Saturdays.


He brushes the horses and cleans
them.

keeps

1.

3. A
B No, he

4. A
B Yes, she

the boys study hard?

dont

. They run around the library.

Neil like reading books?


. He is a quiet boy.
Harry like storybooks?
. He likes comic books.
Mrs. Lee need glasses?
.
Unit 5

23

Grammar in Writing
A

persons
When you describe a
the
use
n
daily life, you ca
t.
simple presen

Look at Larrys Wednesday schedule and complete the sentences.


Choose and complete the descriptive writing.
9:00

9:55

10:50

11:45

12:30

1:15

day, but she also


Math

Music

1. On Wednesdays, Larry
2. His math class

P.E.

has

4. He

lunch in the cafeteria at 12:30.

5. He

pictures in the art room.

work
take
read

at an animal shelter. Shetakes care of many

cleans

love

the shelter.

have

On weekends, she works at the public library. She

go home

English to people, and she

take care of

books to children. She goes home late every night,


but she really

clean

her life.

Choose and complete the sentences in the present simple.

2. Alice

doesnt wash

to the bookstore.

4. Do they
5. Do you

the dishes.

her hair every morning.

3. I buy books online. I

in an apartment?

surf
not / wash
brush
live
not / go

Complete the chart.

the Internet every day?

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Tony live in New Zealand.
2. He go swimming in summer.
3. He have a Christmas party in December.
4. His sister doesnt likes snowboarding.

24

teach

another job. She does

kinds of animals. She also

sing
eat
start
draw
have

classes every

volunteer work every evening. On weekdays, she

Art

five classes.

songs.

1. Sam cleans his room, but he

Lunch

at 9:00.

3. In his music class, he

Science

takes

Jessica is a college student. She

Tony lives in New Zealand.


He goes swimming in summer.
He has a Christmas party in December.

Positive

Negative

dont

We exercise.

We

You have a pet.

You

Beth and I go.

Beth and I

a pet.

He
Amy

He

exercises .

Your sister

exercise.

Do we

have a pet.

Do you

Your sister

exercise ?

dont go .
have a pet.

Amy doesnt exercise.


.

Question

doesnt go.

a pet?
Beth and I go?

Does he

a pet?
Amy

exercise ?

your sister go?

His sister doesnt like snowboarding.


Unit 5

25

06

I usually eat breakfast.

Grammar Station

Frequency Adverbs
Frequency adverbs tell us how often something happens.
Common frequency adverbs are always, usually, often, sometimes, and never.
0%

50%

The Verb Be + Frequency Adverb

Laura

Frequency
Adverb

is

always
usually
often
sometimes
never

always

My mom

2.

usually

3.

sometimes

4.

never

busy.

am

Jake

goes shopping
hungry
studies

It

is

on weekends.

around 12:00.
in

the library.

hot in my hometown.

Complete the sentences using frequency adverbs.


0%

They usually come after the verb be or before action verbs.

Be

1.

100%

always
usually
often
sometimes
never

Subject

Check the correct places for the frequency adverbs.

Frequency Adverb + Action Verb


Subject

Frequency
Adverb

Action
Verb

Laura

always
usually
often
sometimes
never

eats

50%

100%

1.

Your room is

2.

My brothers are

3.

Tim is

4.

breakfast.

always

messy.
noisy.

late for class.

Joe sometimes

goes for a walk.

Complete the sentences using frequency adverbs.


Activity

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

draw cartoons

How often do you eat


breakfast at home?
I usually eat it at home.

Lisa never gets up late.


She is always busy.

Lydias
Week

go to the library
play soccer
water the plants

Match the frequencies with the correct frequency adverbs.


0%

50%

1.
often
26

2.
sometimes

100%

3.
never

1. Lydia

4.
always

5.
usually

always

draws cartoons.

2. She

goes to the library with her friends.

3. She

plays soccer after school.

4. She

waters the plants.


Unit 6

27

ter, you can


When you write a let
bs to explain
use frequency adver
e activities.
som
how often you do

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the sentences using frequency adverbs.


1. Joe likes sweets. He

often

eats chocolate and candy.

(60%)

2. Steve hates lemons. He

(0%)

3. My dad loves cooking. He

Complete the letter.

drinks lemonade.

Dear Mom and Dad,

cooks for us.

Camp is wonderful! I

(80%)

4. Violet doesnt like pink much, but she sometimes wear pink clothes.
(40%)

( breakfast / have / usually )

after breakfast. I

at 7:00. We

( exercise / always )

. We

( go / usually / swimming )

( go / often )

horseback riding. Its exciting! Im especially friendly with Rick.

1.

He

2.

A How often does it snow in January?

usually snows

3.

(usually)

( noisy / sometimes / is )

(sometimes)

. Rick
. We

( do / never / it )

The camp counselors

sometimes goes to America.

, but I

( goes / often / rafting )

( have / sometimes / a campfire )

at night.

( always / kind / are )

I miss you a lot. See you next week.


Love,
Josh

A How often are the twin brothers noisy?

are always

B They

4.

in January.

A How often does Ms. Grace go to America?


B She

(always)

noisy.

A How often does Jack clean his room?


B He

never cleans
(never)

his room.

Complete the chart.


Frequency Adverbs
0%

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Joe watches TV often on Sundays.

Joe often watches TV on Sundays.

2. We usually are home at night.


3. She drinks never coffee after 9:00.
4. Ann sometimes have a pajama party.
28

and

( get up / always / early )

Complete the dialogues using the frequency adverbs.

B It

always get up early

50%

100%

1. The boys

always

2. Linda

3. We

4. My little brother is

5. I

play soccer after school.


draws cartoons.

study in the library.

sometimes noisy.

drink lemonade.

Ann sometimes has a pajama party.


Unit 6

29

07

Bob is writing a letter.

Present Continuous: Positive & Negative


We use the present continuous to talk about actions happening now.
We use the verb be + verb-ing for the present continuous.

am

He /She / It

is

We / You / They

are

Negative
I

am not (=m not)

He /She / It

is not (=isnt)

We / You / They

are not (=arent)

reading.

reading.

We add -ing to the base verbs to make the present continuous.


Base Verb

Present Continuous

+ -ing

eat
walk

eating
walking

verbs ending in -e

e + -ing

make
smile

making
smiling

verbs ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -ing

run
sit

running
sitting

most verbs

having

1. have

Grammar Station

Positive

Write the -ing forms of the verbs.

2. clean

3. play

4. plan

5. sit

6. study

7. swim

8. smile

9. laugh

10. chase

Circle the correct words.


1. I am ( wash / washing ) the dishes.

2. Derek is ( make / making ) a kite.

3. Lisa and I ( am / are ) studying.

4. She ( not is / is not ) crying.

5. Dave is ( running / runing ).

6. We are ( having / haveing ) lunch.

7. Sonya is ( swimming / swiming ).

8. Im ( do / doing ) my homework.

Complete the sentences in the present continuous.


1

Joan and Tina are walking to school.


They arent running.

Bob is writing a letter.


He isnt sleeping.

Cross out the wrong -ing forms.


making
running
30

joging
writeing

1. I
going danceing
stopping

eating

siting

am watching a movie. Be quiet!

3. We
5. They

(watch)

(work)
(paint)

in the garden.
pictures.

2. Molly
4. The man
6. A cat

(run)
(dance)
(sit)

too fast.
.
on a bench.
Unit 7

31

y, you can use


When you write a pla
us to express
the present continuo
are doing.
ers
what the perform

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the sentences in the present continuous.


1.

sing

2.

not / hit

3.

write

The tourist

4.

ride

We

5.

not / fix

The birds

are singing

Complete the play in the present continuous.

on the branch.

Sean and David are not[arent] hitting the balls.


postcards.

Title

on a train.

Mr. Forest

Characters

the computer.

Scene 1

Johnny Appleseed
Narrator / Johnny Appleseed / Choir / Children
(In the forest )

Children

Choose and complete the sentences in the present continuous.


on the floor

a skirt

a butterfly

People

are looking at
(look at)

the apple trees.

apples. The narrator

(eat)

on a chair. The choir

(sit)

, Apple juice and

(sing)

applesauce, my sweet apple pie!

the guitar
Scene 2

Johnny __________ shoes. He likes nature. He


(not / wear)

(plant)

apple seeds everywhere. People __________ at him.


(laugh)

But he

hard. He _________ a lot of apple

(work)

(carry)

seeds in his bag.

1. The girl isnt wearing pants. She

is wearing a skirt

2. Rocky isnt chasing a dragonfly. He

3. People arent sitting on chairs. They


4. Im not playing the violin. I

.
.

Complete the chart.


C

1. The boat is move.

The boat is moving.

2. My friends talking loudly.

32

Positive

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.

3. The train is come into the station.

The train is coming into the station.

4. Everybody is run to the station.

Everybody is running to the station.

am

He /She / It

is

We / You / They

are

Negative

reading
(read)

dancing .
(dance)

(run)

I
He /She / It
We / You / They

am not

reading .

(=m not)
(=
(=

is not
are not

arent

(read)

)
)

dancing .
(dance)

(run)

Unit 7

33

08

Is Ron watching TV?

1. A Are you ( write / writing ) a letter?

Grammar Station

B No, Im not. Im ( draw / drawing ) a picture.

Present Continuous: Questions

2. A ( Is / Are ) Nancy cleaning her room?

To make yes/no questions, we put the verb be before the subject.


To make wh-questions, we put the question words what or where before the verb be.
Question

Yes, you are.

No, you arent.

Yes, I am.

No, Im not.

Yes, he is.

No, he isnt.

Are they

Yes, they are.

No, they arent.

What

are you
is he

eating?

Im eating a sandwich.
Hes eating fried chicken.

Where

are they
is she

sleeping?

Theyre sleeping in their car.


Shes sleeping in her bed.

Are you

Yes/No
Question

Is he

Wh-question

Is Ron watching TV?


No, he isnt.
Is he reading a storybook?
Yes, he is.

B No. ( Shes / She ) playing in the yard.

3. A Is your sister ( ride / riding ) a bike?

Answer

Am I
sleeping?

B No. She is ( make / making ) snowballs in the backyard.

Complete the questions in the present continuous.

1.

take a nap

2.

make bubbles

3.

hit the balls

4. clean the bathroom

Where are they playing?


They are playing on the beach.
What are they making?
They are making a sandcastle.

Is Mr. Todd

taking a nap ?

the girl making bubbles ?

A the players
A

B No, he isnt.
B Yes, she is.

hitting the balls ? B Yes, they are.

Are the girls

B No, they arent.

Complete the questions using what or where.


1. A

Match the questions with the correct answers.

34

Circle the correct words.

What is

your dad

1. Are you watching TV?

Yes, he is.

2. A

Amy

2. Is he reading a book?

No, Im not.

3. A

you

3. What is she cooking?

Theyre swimming.

4. A

4. What are they doing?

Shes cooking fish.

5. A

making ?
?

he

B Shes studying in her room.

the boys

B Im eating apple pie.

?
?

B Hes making a sandwich.

B Theyre going to the park.


B Hes reading a magazine.
Unit 8

35

one call, you


When you make a ph
continuous to
can use the present
ening at that
pp
express what is ha

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the dialogues in the present continuous.

moment.

Are you talking to Brian?

I am

1.

talk

2.

exercise

dadexercising in
the gym? B No,
your

3.

rain

it

B Yes,

4.

have

the students

B No,

5.

plan

Ann planning a trip to Italy?

B Yes,

B Yes,

in your town?
lunch?

Complete the dialogue in the present continuous.

is watching

Its Saturday afternoon. Mandy

is eating

She

TV. (watch)

some snacks. (eat) Her phone

. (ring)

Choose and complete the dialogues in the present continuous.


make / an invitation
watch / the ice show

Hi, Mandy? Its Simon.

go / to the airport
jog / in the park

you

Im watching a funny TV show. _______________ TV, too? (you / watch)


No,

? (what / do)

What are you doing?

your English paper? (you / write)


. Im taking care of my cousins.

No,

I see. What are they doing?

1. A

What are the girls watching ?

2. A

she

3. A

Chris

B They are

4. A the people

watching the ice show .

B She is

B He is

B They are

Jake is eating ice cream, and Joe is


Oh, no!

over the ice cream! (they / fight)

.
.

Complete the chart.


Yes/No Question

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Where the artist is going?

Am

I
they
it

you are

No, you arent .

Where is the artist going?

2. What they are wearing?


3. What is Nelly and Ben doing?

Yes,

Wh-question

sleeping?

they are .
No,they arent .
Yes,
Yes,
No,

.
.

are you reading?


- I am reading a magazine.
is he drawing?
- He is drawing in the art room.

4. Does your sister sleeping?


36

Unit 8

37

09

I was very scared.

Grammar Station

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Positive & Negative


We use the past simple to talk about something that happened in the past.
The verb be has two past forms: was and were.
We often use the past simple with these words: yesterday, last week, last year, etc.
Positive
I

was

a teacher last year.

He /She / It

was

in London last week.

We / You / They

were

sick yesterday.

was not (=wasnt)

a teacher last year.

He /She / It

was not (=wasnt)

in London last week.

We / You / They

were not (=werent)

1. I ( was / were ) at the beach.

2. She ( was / were ) on the swing.

3. The lady ( was / were ) quiet.

4. It ( was / were ) foggy yesterday.

5. You ( was / were ) weak last year.

6. The show ( was / were ) fun.

7. My clothes ( was / were ) wet.

8. The plants ( was / were ) small.

Complete the sentences with wasnt or werent.


1. The tower
3. He

Negative
I

Circle the correct words.

wasnt big.

2. The cowboys werent scared.


4. Hannah

a basketball player.

5. My shoes werent on the shelf.

6. We

7. There

8. It

a bakery here.

dark in the room.

Complete the sentences.


1.

Dave

Bob

before

now

Kens parents
They

Bob wasnt the captain of our team.


Dave was the captain.

2.

were

in Paris last week.

were very busy there.

They are

Check the correct sentences.

38

angry this morning.

sick yesterday.

There was a big storm last night.


I was very scared.

thin last year.

My sister

in Rome now.
sick yesterday.

She

in bed all day.

She

all right now.

1.

I wasnt at home last night.

Im not at home last night.

2.

It was hot last week.

It is hot last week.

3.

We are tired yesterday.

We were tired yesterday.

We

not bored.

4.

He wasnt tall last year.

He werent tall last year.

We

in the tent now.

3.

Tim and I

under the tree at noon.

Unit 9

39

ort about the


When you write a rep
past simple
past, you can use the
.
form of the verb be

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the sentences in the past simple.


2

Complete the report in the past simple.

Dinosaurs Became Extinct


big / small

sunny / cloudy

1. It

was sunny

boring / fun

this morning. It

huge / small

wasnt cloudy

were

before. They

2. My glasses
3. The magic show

. It

4. This dinosaur

We can see many dinosaurs in movies. Some dinosaurs


small. T. rex

a meat-eating giant. It

very fierce.

Brachiosaurus and Diplodocus

. It

really huge and some

but they

big and tall,

T. rex

meat-eating dinosaurs. They were

plant eaters. There are no dinosaurs

today. We can just see their bones

Complete the sentences.

in natural history museums.

Past

1.

Joe was at the birthday party.

2. There werent many people.


3. Joe wasnt

hungry.

4.

Lynns cats were under the table.

5.

Simon was sick yesterday.

We only know they

Present

Joe is at the birthday party.


There arent many people.
Joe isnt hungry.

here on Earth a long time ago.

Brachiosaurus

Diplodocus

They went extinct millions of years ago!


What

the reason? Nobody knows for sure!

Lynns cats areunder the table.


Simon

today.

Complete the chart.


C

Positive

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Eric not was tired yesterday.

Eric was not tired yesterday.

2. They wasnt busy last week.


3. We was not in Canada last month.
4. I were in my room after lunch.

We were not in Canada last month.


I was in my room after lunch.

I
He
My aunt
The actor
We
They

was

Negative

tired last night.

She
Her dad

busy yesterday.

Ken
The boy

sleepy then.

You
They

was
not are
happy
yesterday.
These
my vases.
wasnt
(=
)
at home at 7:00.
(= wasnt )

were not in Sydney last year.


(=werent)

5. You was at the beach yesterday.


40

Unit 9

41

10

Was he sick last night?

Circle the correct words.


1.

Grammar Station

Were

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Questions


3.

To make yes/no questions, we put the verb was or were before the subject.
To make wh-questions, we put the question words where or who at the beginning of
sentences.
Question
Were you

Yes/No
Question

Was he

sick?

Were they
Where
Wh-question

Who

were you last night?


was he this morning?

Yes, you were.

No, you werent.

Yes, I was.

No, I wasnt.

Yes, he was.

No, he wasnt.

Yes, they were. No, they werent.

5.

Match the questions with the correct answers.

42

2.

you tired yesterday?

Was
Were

4.

he at home at 6:00?

Was
Were

6.

Tony and Cindy scared?

Was
Were

it hot last week?

she sick last night?

the books fun?

Complete the dialogues in the past simple.


1. A

I was at home.
He was at the library.

Where were you after school?


I was on the playground.

Was
Were

was the boy next to you? He was my cousin.


were the girls with Dave? They were his classmates.

Was Mark at the library after school?


No, he wasnt.

Was
Were

Answer

Was I

Was

Was

he wasnt .

Billy at your birthday party?

B No,

2. A

you busy yesterday?

B Yes, I was[we were].

3. A

Larry at home this morning? B No,

4. A

the boys hungry?

B No,

5. A

the story interesting?

B Yes,

Complete the dialogues in the past simple using where or who.


1

1. A

Where were you after lunch?

I was

in the music room.

1. Was Laura busy last week?

No, we werent.

2. Were you and Joe classmates?

He was at camp.

2. A

the boy with glasses?

my younger brother.

3. Who were the tall men?

Yes, she was.

3. A

the women?

famous singers.

4. Where was Fred yesterday?

They were models.

4. A

Angela?

in the backyard.
Unit 10

43

tective story,
When you write a de
simple
you can use the past
that
ing
eth
to talk about som
st.
pa
the
happened in

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the questions in the past simple.


1.

shorter

Were you shorter last year?

B Yes, I was.

2.

in the hospital

Was he in the hospital last week?

B No, he wasnt.

3.

cloudy

4.

tired

5.

best friends

Was it cloudy

Complete the detective story in the past simple.

Mr. Poirot is a famous detective in Agatha Christies mysteries.


He investigates crimes and finds clues.
He is interviewing a suspect now.

this morning? B Yes, it was.


yesterday?

A Were you best friends last year?

B No, they werent.

Mr. Higglins,

where were

B Yes, we were.

you last night at 11:30?

at a cafe in Greenwich.
alone there?

Choose and complete the answers in the past simple.


in the laundry basket
in a cafe
1

No,

. I was with two people.

Who

they?
Mr.

in the swimming pool


my classmate

Mrs.

Johns.

Are they your friends?


No, they arent. They

and

with me

for an interview. Im a writer for a magazine.

Okay, sir. Thank you for your time.

B He

2. A Where were your parents?

B They

3. A Where were your sneakers?

B They

4. A Where was Nick this morning?

B He

were in the laundry bask.

et

was in the swimminol

2. Who were the girl in the pink shoes?


3. Was the books mine?
4. Were there an old tree in this town?

Complete the chart.


Yes/No Question

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Where was your puppies?

44

was my classmate last year.

1. A Who was the boy next to you?

Where were your puppies?

Were they

Who was the girl in the pink shoes?


Were the books mine?

Yes,

Was Sally

he

No,
busy?

Wh-question

she was
she wasnt

.
.

Yes,
No,

they werent .

Yes,
No,

.
.

the boys?
- They were my cousins.

your umbrella?
- It was under the table.

Was there an old tree in this town?


Unit 10

45

11

They worked together.

1. dance

Grammar Station

Past Simple: Positive & Negative


 usually add -d or -ed to the base verb to make the past form.
We
Some verbs change their forms irregularly.
We put did not before the base verb to make negative sentences.
Positive
I / We / You / They
He /She / It

Negative
worked.

I / We / You / They

did not
(=didnt)

He /She / It

work.

Base Verb

Past Simple Verb

most verbs

+ -ed

walk
help

walked
helped

verbs ending in -e

+ -d

move
live

moved
lived

verbs ending in
a consonant + -y

y + -ied

cry
study

cried
studied

verbs ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -ed

stop
plan

stopped
planned

irregular

come came
give gave
run ran
see saw

have
make
lose
tell

had
made
lost
told

go
eat
say
buy

Write the past simple forms of the verbs.

went
ate
said
bought

cut cut
hit hit
break broke
read read

Henrys family moved to a new house.


Everybody worked together.
Henry put his books on the shelf.

danced

2. cry

3. jog

4. cut

5. make

6. study

7. move

8. help

Complete the sentences in the past simple.


1.

do

2.

write

3.

live

Uncle Martin

4.

read

did

The students
Benjamin

a postcard.
in Berlin two years ago.
storybooks to children at the library.

Complete the sentences in the past simple.


1.

( study / play )

Charlie
He
2.

studied
for the exam.
didnt play baseball.

( read / write )

My grandpa
He
3.

He
4.

46

1. sleeped / slept

2. read / readed

3. danceed / danced

4. studied / studyed

5. planed / planned

6. maked / made

the newspaper.
a letter.

( dance / sing )

Larry

Circle the correct past simple forms.

some volunteer work yesterday.

at the birthday party.


a song.

( go / eat )

Tim and I
We

to a movie last night.


dinner at a restaurant.
Unit 11

47

wspaper
When you write a ne
that
nt
article about an eve
you can
st,
pa
happened in the
.
ple
sim
use the past

Grammar in Writing
A

Look at the list and complete the sentences.


Last Vacation

1. Mike

went

Complete the newspaper article in the past simple.


to Italy.

go to Italy

2. He

a robot.

make a robot

3. He

many films.

4. He

a new camera.

5. He

in a half marathon.

watch many films


buy a new camera
run in a half marathon

TORNADOES HIT

THE
MIDWEST
By Joseph Ferry

Tornadoes and heavy thunderstorms

hit

(hit)

the Midwest yesterday.

Strong winds destroyed (destroy) many roads, houses, and bridges. They

knocked

Complete the sentences.

down all the trees there. The sky

Present

1.

Jenny planned a trip to India.

2.

My mom came home early.


some cheesecake.

4.

The baby didnt cry loudly.

5.

My dad

6.

She didnt study for the exam.

yesterday.

Jenny plans a trip to India.


home early.
They eat some cheesecake.

(describe)

helped

She doesnt study for the exam.

I bought a soccer ball yesterday.

2. Lynn wash her dads car last Saturday.

Lynn washed her dads car last Saturday.


My family got up early this morning.

4. Susan call me last night.

48

(help)

everything,

our reporter. He described

the scene to CNNs News Day . A lot of volunteers

there and

dark for 20

(go)

the rescue team. However, they need more helping

hands.

My dad arrives today.

1. I buy a soccer ball yesterday.

5. We watch a magic show last Friday.

(tell)

(is)
(lose)

People here

told

was

loudly.

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.

3. My family gets up early this morning.

(say).

Wisconsin Mayor Gary Manier

Complete the chart.


Verb

said

minutes, a farmer

Past

3.

(knock)

Positive

moved

Negative

the boxes.

I didnt

cooked curry for lunch.

didnt cook curry for lunch.


The children didnt write a postcard.

move

cook

My mom

write

The children

read

He

come

They

wrote a postcard.

a book after dinner.

came back home at 7:00.

cut

We

the paper into circles.

eat

We

sandwiches for lunch.

move the boxes.

My mom

didnt read a book after dinner.


They didnt come back home at 7:00.

He

didnt cut the paper into circles.


We didnt cut sandwiches for lunch.
We

We watched a magic show last Friday.


Unit 11

49

12

Did you dance yesterday?

1. ( Do / Did ) you watch the movie on TV last night?

Grammar Station

2. Did the player ( miss / missed ) the shot?

Past Simple: Questions

3. Did Ms. White ( live / lives ) in Los Angeles?

To make yes/no questions, we put the verb did before the subject.
To make wh-questions, we put question words at the beginning of sentences.
Question
Did you
Yes/No
Question

Did he

dance?

Did they
Wh-question

4. Did they ( come / came ) to the meeting?


5. ( Do / Did ) he work at a pet shop last year?

Answer
Yes, I did.

No, I didnt.

Yes, he did.

No, he didnt.

Yes, they did.

No, they didnt.

What

did you

eat for lunch?

I ate a pie for lunch.

Where

did he

eat lunch?

He ate lunch in the cafeteria.

When

did they

eat lunch?

They ate lunch at noon.

Did you go camping yesterday?


Yes, I did.
Did you go with your friends?
No, I didnt.

Circle the correct words.

What did you see last night?


I saw shooting stars.
Where did you see them?
I saw them in the field.

Complete the dialogues in the past simple.


1.

you / see

2.

the girls / go

3.

Nicole / finish

4.

you / read

1.

4. What did the boy eat?


5. Does Mark play soccer?
50

A Did the girls go home?

B No,

they didnt.

A Did Nicole finishher homework?

B Yes,

Did you read this book?

B No,

Where did Chris walk with his dog?

A
B They

Present

3.

2. When do you read books?


3. Did Susan finish her homework?

I did

B He

Check the correct boxes.


1. Did you see Tony today?

B Yes,

Complete the dialogues in the past simple using what, where, or when.

2.
Past

Did you see Tony yesterday?

A
B We

4.

A
B They

walked

on the beach.
the children make?
a snowman.
you go to the amusement park?
there last Sunday.
the tourists buy?
souvenir masks.
Unit 12

51

stcard to
When you write a po
about
ask
n
ca
you
e,
someon
using
his/her experiences by
the past simple.

Grammar in Writing
A

Look at the chart and complete the dialogues in the past simple.

1. A
2. A

Complete the postcard in the past simple.

Who

What

When

Grace

meet Sandra

on Sunday

Meg and Sue

sing and dance

last night

Mr. Bell

move the plants

yesterday

You and Joe

go shopping

last weekend

meet Sandra on Sunday?

B Yes,

Did

Grace

Freddy Goodman
she did .

B No, they didnt.

3. A

B Yes, he did.

4. A

P.O. Box 44145


Nairobi, Kenya 00100

Dear Uncle Freddy,


How are you? The weather is beautiful here!

read

(read)

No, we didnt.

(have)

an article about Kenya last night.


a nice time in Kenya?

(where / go)

__________ to the top of Mt. Kilimanjaro?


(climb)

Complete the questions in the past simple using what, where, or when.
1

(go)

(see)

on a safari?

(what / see)

many wild animals?

(take)

many pictures?

I have too many questions! Please write us soon.


Festival
Grand
Opening

1. A

Miss you,

What did you buy at the mall?

B I bought some socks.

2. A

to the school festival?

B She went there last Friday.

3. A

his backpack?

B He put it on the sofa.

4. A Where did they go last weekend?

B They went to the museum.

Jeff

Complete the chart.


Yes/No Question

52

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Do you play soccer yesterday?

Did you play soccer yesterday?

2. When did she goes to the mall?

When did she go to the mall?

3. Where did Andy bought his new shoes?

Where did Andy buy his new shoes?

4. Did the boy sent you letters?

Did the boy send you letters?

Did

Yes,

you
they
Jake

No,
see me?

Wh-question

I did

.
.

they did .
No, they didnt .

What
I

Yes,
Yes,

No,

.
.

did you buy?


a present for my dad.
did they visit?

They

the national park.


did Sue hear the news?

She

it this morning.

Unit 12

53

13

Shell take a train.

1. I

Grammar Station

I
He /She / It
We / You / They

Will

will
(=ll)

Negative
Base Verb

Subject

I
go.

you

3. Nora will take

We use the future tense to talk about actions or events in the future.
We use will in the future tense. It comes before the base verb.
We use the future tense with these words: tomorrow, next week, this afternoon, etc.

Subject

will call

later tonight.

2. They will come here

Future (Will): Positive & Negative

Positive

Write will in the correct places.

He /She / It
We / You / They

Will + Not

Base Verb

will not
(=wont)

go.

4. My dad will watch

and help

us.

an umbrella and a raincoat.


the volleyball game on TV.

Write the short forms of the underlined words.

wont

1. The family will not go to the show.


2. They will meet us at the stadium.
3. We will not visit the science museum.
4. I will read the essay again.

I will call you every day.


Ill write you a letter once a week.

C
Jenny will go to London next week.
Shell take a train.
She wont take an airplane.

Ted wont be at school on Friday.


Hell go on a trip with his family.
His family will climb a mountain.

Complete the sentences using will or wont.


1.

will go
to a movie tomorrow.
She wont chat with her friends.

Stacy

2.

( play / watch )

Simon

the violin tonight.

He wont watch TV.


3.

( take / work )

My mom and dad

Check the sentences in the future tense.

54

( go / chat )

They

a walk after lunch.


in the garden.

1.

I ate lunch.

Nick will buy a cake.

2.

Shell call you.

Theyre reading books.

It will be sunny in the afternoon.

3.

Susan watches TV every day.

Well go to the party.

It wont be foggy and chilly.

4.

( be sunny / be foggy )

Unit 13

55

ather report, you


When you write a we
se to express
can use the future ten
weather in the
the
predictions about

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the sentences using ll or wont.

future.

Theyll go to the zoo

1.

they / go to the zoo

2.

we / make dried flowers

3.

she / wear jeans

4.

I / not / get up late

this weekend.

Complete the weather report using will or wont.

in art class.
to the festival.
again.

Choose and complete the sentences using will or wont.


go to bed

help him

be busy

buy a new computer

Here is todays weather forecast. It


and we

1.

2.

(see)

sunny skies. However, we

will go
(go)

after midnight. It

Cathys computer is too old.

He

wont be busy

She will buy a new comput. er

tomorrow.

3.

(not / go)

over 0C.

up to 4C at night, and the rain

will stop
(stop)

partly cloudy tomorrow morning, and it

(be)

(have)

a white Christmas this year!

4.

I dont feel well today.


I

will go to bed

early.

Complete the chart.

Im upset with Bob.


I

wont help him

with his report.

Verb
be

clouds

(have)

snowing in the afternoon. The day after tomorrow is Christmas.

(start)

We

clear in the morning,

(be)

and rain in the afternoon. The temperature


The temperature

Jason finished his work tonight.

will be

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. I eat will a piece of cheesecake.

I will eat a piece of cheesecake.

Positive
I

will be

a movie star.

Negative
I

wont be

a movie star.

Anniewill bring a jacket.

Anniewont bring a jacket.

buy

The child

The child

go

We

bring

will buy

the book.

2. He will be not busy tomorrow.

call

will go camping next week.


Laura will call you tomorrow.

3. Jake will watches a movie tonight.

have

Theywill have a concert tonight.

We

wont buy

wont go

the book.

camping next week.

wont call

Laura

you tomorrow.

Theywont have a concert tonight.

4. We come wont here again.


56

Unit 13

57

14

Will you call me?

Grammar Station

Future (Will): Questions


To make yes/no questions, we put will before the subject.
To make wh-questions, we put question words at the beginning of sentences.
Question

Answer

Will you
Yes/ No
Question

Will he

call me?

Will they
Wh-question

Yes, I will.

No, I wont.

Yes, he will.

No, he wont.

Yes, they will.

No, they wont.

What

will you

watch?

Ill watch a horror movie.

Where

will he

go?

Hell go to the zoo.

When

will they

meet her?

Theyll meet her this Saturday.

Check the correct sentences.


1.

Will he join a cartoon club?

Will he joins a cartoon club?

2.

Will she bring a raincoat?

Will bring she a raincoat?

3.

What will the boy eats?

What will the boy eat?

Complete the dialogues using will or wont.

Will you watch the movie tonight?

1.

watch

2.

meet

Sarah

3.

sing

he

4.

read


Mr. White

Will Andy come back tomorrow?


No, he wont.
When will he come back?
He will come back on Saturday.

1. A
B

2. A
B

Check the correct places for will.

58

1.

you

3.

they

eat lunch at 12:00?


make a kite?

5. Where

we

7. What

Ann

go tomorrow?

2.

he

run in the marathon?

4. When

they

6. What

your mom

buy at the mall? 8.

she

go to sleep?
cook?

come to the meeting?

at the festival?

I will

B No,

she wont .

B Yes,

the story?

B No,

he wont .

Complete the dialogues using what, where, or when.


1

Will you plan a trip for your vacation?


Yes, I will.
Where will you go?
I will go to Turkey.

you tomorrow?

B Yes,

3. A
B

4. A
B

Where will

the children go on Sunday?

They will go

to the amusement park.

you clean your room?


my room after lunch.
he get on the bus?
on the bus in front of the school.
we make at the Strawberry Festival?
a strawberry cake.
Unit 14

59

itinerary, you
When you make an
to talk
can use will or wont
it.
on
s
about the activitie

Grammar in Writing
A

Look at the table and complete the answers.


Name

Future Job

Name

Future Job

Steve

jewelry designer

Julia

movie director

Ken

cook

Cindy

fashion model

Complete the dialogue using will or wont.


Aug. 11-14

Date

Activity Plan
arrive at the airport in Rome
visit Vatican City
visit the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
go to Pompeii (by bus)
return to Rome
take a flight home

Aug. 11

1. A Will Steve be an engineer in the future? B

No, he wont.

2. A Will Ken be a cook in the future?

3. A What will Julia be in the future?

B She

4. A What will Cindy be in the future?

B She will be a fashion model .

Aug. 12
Aug. 13
Aug. 14

will be a movie director .

When will

make / puppets

we

Pompeii

Vatican City on the same day? (visit)

Yes,

What places

leave / tonight

Trevi Fountain

at the airport? (arrive)

we

study / in the library

The Colosseum

at the airport in Rome on August 11. (arrive)

We

Choose and complete the dialogues in the future tense.


visit / Australia

arrive

Vatican City

visit

we

on August 12? (visit)

We will visit the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain.


1

Will
No,

1. A

When will Ron and Ted leave ?

2. A Christine
3. A

you make

4. A

your brother

B They

this winter?
with the socks?

study ?

. We

B She

B We

Complete the chart.

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.

Yes/No Question

Wh-question

What will you

sunny?

sell at the festival?

Yes, it will. / No, it wont.

We will sell lemonade.


When will your mom come back?
My mom will come back at 5:00.

1. Where Alice will go after dinner?

Where will Alice go after dinner?

Will you help me?

2. Will he comes back home before dark?

Will he come back home before dark?

Will they go to the zoo?

3. What will we ate for dinner?

a bus. (take)

Will it be
C

to Pompeii by train? (go)

Then we will return to Rome on August 14. (return)

will leave tonight

B He

go

we

Yes, I will
Yes, they

. / No,

I wont .

. / No, they

Where will they go this summer?


.

They will go to the sea.

4. When will the girl sings?


60

Unit 14

61

15

Shes going to be late.

Grammar Station

Future: Be Going To
We use be going to to talk about the future. It expresses predictions and plans.
We put not after the verb be to make negative sentences.
We put the verb be before the subject to make questions.
Positive
Subject

am going to

He /She / It

is going to

leave.

We / You / They are going to

Subject

Be + Not + Going To Base Verb

am not going to

He /She / It

is not going to

We / You / They

are not going to

Yes/No Question
Be

Subject

Am

Are

you

Is

he /she / it

sing?

Are we /you /they

3. Molly ( is / are ) going to study hard.

4. ( Are / Is ) you going to sing?

5. Theyre ( not / arent ) going to eat.

6. ( Is / Will ) Jack going to go out?

7. ( Am / Are ) I going to be late?

8. Are they ( going / going to ) come?

Choose and complete the sentences using be going to.


2

leave.

Positive

Negative

Yes, you are.

No, you arent.

Yes, I am.

No, Im not.

Yes, he /she / it is.

No, he /she / it isnt.

2. They

Are you going to eat any pancakes?


No, Im not.

Check the correct boxes.


Future

1. We are going to meet Peter tonight.


2. Ron is cleaning his room now.
3. Mark is going to learn Spanish.

Present Continuous

shopping tonight.
not / take
be
not / wear
go

the elevator.

3. I

Yes, you /we /they are. No, you /we /they arent.

Oh, no! The bus is going to leave.


She is not going to be on time.

is going to go

1. My dad

this jacket.

4. We

62

2. It ( going to / is going to ) rain.

Answer

Going To Base Verb

going
to

1. I ( am / will ) going to bake a cake.

Negative

Be Going To Base Verb

Circle the correct words.

quiet.

Look at Amys schedule and complete the dialogues using be going to.
Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

have lunch
with Harry

visit my uncle

go to
the dentist

practice
my speech

jump rope

1. A

Is Amy going to go

shopping on Monday?

No, she isnt.

Yes, she is.

2. A

Amy

her uncle on Tuesday?

3. A

Amy

to the dentist on Wednesday? B Yes, she is.

4. A

Amy going to jump rope on Thursday?

B No, she isnt.


Unit 15

63

Years
When you write New
w your
sho
n
ca
you
ns,
tio
resolu
to.
ing
plans by using be go

Grammar in Writing
A

Match and complete the sentences using be going to.


1. Mrs. Brown is tired.

He isntgoing to

2. He doesnt like vegetables.

She

3. Andy and Dave are thirsty.

I am not going to go to school tomorrow.

4. Tomorrow is Sunday.

They

eat the salad.

is going to

are going to

Complete the New Years resolutions using be going to.

rest.
Eat Healthy

drink some water.

am going to eat

Complete the answers using be going to.


1.

(be friendly)

No, he isnt. Hes going to wash the car .

Do Regularly

( play board games )

3.

No, they arent.Theyregoing to play board g .ames

________________ late.
(not / get up)

Do Less

____________ computer games less.

A Are you going to draw a picture?

______________ too many comic books.

(play)

(not / read)

No, Im not. Im going to read a book .

( practice yoga )

No, she isnt. Shes going to practice yoga.

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. My aunt is going to buys a puppy.
2. I am going not to graduate next year.

64

A Is she going to take a nap?

____________ rope every day.

( read a book )

4.

(jump)

A Are your mom and dad going to eat dinner?


B

soda and fruit drinks too often.

I __________________ to my family and friends.

A Is Ben going to water the plants?

2.

(not / drink)

more fruits and vegetables.

Be Kind

( wash the car )


B

(eat)

My aunt is going to buy a puppy.

Complete the chart.


Positive / Negative

write
buy

I am not going to graduate next year.

3. They are going visit a Greek island.

They are going to visit a Greek island.

4. My teacher is going to writes an email.

My teacher is going to write an email.

watch

I
I

am going to write
am not going to write

Lucy

a letter.

Are

a letter.

Yes, I

the skirt.

Lucyisnt going to buy the skirt.

are going to watch the musical.


We arent going to watch the musical.
We

Question

going to write a letter?


am . / No, I am not .

you

Lucy going to buy the skirt?


Yes, she is. / No,

she isnt.

wegoing to watch the musical?


Yes, you

. / No, you

arent .

Unit 15

65

16

How was the concert?

Grammar Station

Question Words: How / Why


We use how to ask about conditions or methods.
We also use how + adjective to ask about degrees: age, length, size, height, etc.
We use why to ask for a reason and usually answer with because.
Question
How

How +
Adjective

Why

How

How

Why

It was fantastic!

do you go to school?

I usually walk to school.

old

He is 13 years old.

is your cousin?

1. A ( Why / How ) is he laughing?

B Hes laughing because the show is funny.

2. A ( How / How old ) is Glen?

B Hes 11 years old.

3. A How ( big / far ) is your room?

B Its very small.

4. A ( How / Why ) did she get there? B She went there by train.
5. A How ( old / far ) is the market?

Answer

was the concert?

Circle the correct words.

B Its about 500 m from here.

Match the questions with the correct answers.


1. How was the movie?

He was absent because he was sick.

long will you stay here?

I will stay here for two weeks.

big

is the box?

It is very small.

2. Why is Judy crying?

He goes there by bike.

tall

are you?

Im 158cm tall.

3. How does he go to the park?

I learned it from my uncle.

far

is the mall?

It is three blocks away.

4. Why was he absent?

It was exciting.

5. How did you learn yoga?

Shes crying because the movie is sad.

are you angry?

Im angry because Bill broke my bike.

do you like science?

I like it because it is very interesting.

Choose and complete the questions.


how long

How did you go to the theater?


I went there by subway.

Why was your teacher angry?


She was angry because we were noisy.

how old
2

how far
3

how tall
4

Check the correct boxes.


Age

1. How big is the desk?


2. How old are the children?
3. How tall is your uncle?
4. How long is the Niagara River?
66

Length

Size

Height

1. A

How old

is the baby?

B Hes six months old.

2. A

is the gym from here?

B Its not far from here.

3. A

is your brother?

B Hes about 170 cm tall.

4. A

is a marathon?

B Its 42.195 km.


Unit 16

67

s about a place,
When you write FAQ
words to ask
you can use question
.
on
ati
for specific inform

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the questions using question words.


Complete the FAQs using question words.

1.

How big is

your dog?

B It is bigger than your cat.

You can see the pyramid in Giza, Egypt.


Q

2.

go home early?

How tall

How old is

is it?

is Giza from Cairo?

your

A Its about 4.3 miles away.

cousin?B She is 12 years old.

can we go there?

4.

A You can take a taxi or a mini bus from Cairo.

go to school?

B I go to school by bus.

is the Pyramid of Khufu so famous?

A Its famous

its amazingly huge and tall.

Write the questions using question words.

How was the ice show?

1.

the ice show

2.

the museum

B It was too far.

3.

the twins

B They are six years old.

4.

the model

B Hes 183 cm tall.

B It was fantastic!

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Why you like cabbage?
2. How is far the station from here?

Why do you like cabbage?


How far is the station from here?

3. Is how tall Uncle Freddy?


4. How you did move these boxes?
68

Khufu!

A Its about 4,600 years old.

3.

the Pyramid of

is it?

A Its about 138.8 m tall.

B I go because I have a piano lesson.

Welcome to

Complete the chart.


Question

How

Answer

do you go to school?

I usually go to school by bike.

is your cousin?

He is 13 years

How long is the River Thames?

It is about 340 km

was the bag?

It was bigger than your bag.

are you?

Im 158 cm

is the stadium from here?

It is about 30 km from here.

did you go there?

I went there because I had a meeting.

How did you move these boxes?


Unit 16

69

17

The woman is really fast.

Circle the correct words.


1. Alex runs ( quick / quickly ).

Grammar Station

2. Sam is a ( shy / shyly ) boy.

3. I studied ( hard / hardly ) for the test. 4. My kite flies ( high / highly ).

Adjectives & Adverbs



Adjectives
describe subjects when they come after the verb be.
They also describe nouns when they come before the nouns.

5. Annies puppy is ( noisy / noisily ).

6. He was ( busy / busily ) last week.

7. The bridge is ( real / really ) long.

8. The man speaks ( quiet / quietly ).

Adjective
The Verb Be + Adjective

He is famous.

He is a famous singer.

Adjective + Noun

Complete the sentences.


1.

2.


Adverbs
describe verbs. They often come after the verbs.
Some adverbs describe adjectives or other adverbs, such as very, really, so, and too.
Adverb
The man walks slowly.

Verb + Adverb

The woman is really fast.

Adverb + Adjective

good

My uncle is a

He fixes things well.

She works

3.

4.

Joshs mom is a

Circle the adjectives and underline the adverbs.


safely

quiet

dirty
noisy
nice

delicious

very

driver.

hard

We had heavy snow last night.


It snowed

She drives slowly.

Pam had a terrible day today.


She got up very late and ran to school.
But it rained heavily, and her clothes were wet.

70

Janet is a hard worker.

The dog barks very loudly.

Adverb + Adverb

warm

engineer.

heavily

Write the adverbs in the correct places.


1.

very

This puzzle

2.

really

The

3.

too

There

4.

so

Im

5.

very

Fred

is

very difficult

photo exhibition was really great


were
glad
speaks

many people

.
in the store.

to see you again.


Spanish

well.
Unit 17

71

k tale, you can


When you write a fol
more precise
make your sentences
d adverbs.
an
by using adjectives

Grammar in Writing
A

Choose and complete the sentences.


Complete the folk tale.
study
talk

ride a bike
mix the eggs and milk
2

fast
hard
quietly carefully

The Pied Piper

There was

a small town
(a / town / small)

The people lived

1. Kate

rides a bike fast

3. Ill
4. My classmates

, but there were a lot of rats

a small pipe, and people called him the Pied Piper. He played his pipe very.

in the museum.

He played it

(good)

and

(soft)

(quiet)

The rats soon came out from every house and gathered around him.

for the exam.

They

(very / were / noisy)

The rats

(peaceful)

in the town. One day, a mysterious man in colorful clothes came. He had

. It is dangerous.

2. We should

in Germany.

(quick)

. He walked

followed

out of the town.

(slow)

him.

Change and complete the sentences using the adverbs.


1. The noodles were delicious. (really)

The noodles were

2. On my way home, it rained. (heavily)

On my way home, it

3. Tommy swims well. (very)

Tommy swims

4. Why is the bus late? (so)

Why is the bus

5. My model airplane is flying. (high)

My model airplane

really delicious .
.

Complete the chart.

.
?

Adjective

Adverb

noisily

The children are noisy.

The children talk

Zebras are fast runners.

Zebras run

Our train was late.

Our train arrived

She sang a beautiful song.

She sang a song

beautifully .

These puzzles are easy.

I solved these puzzles

2. I went to sleep lately last night.

Mrs. Grace is a careful driver.

Mrs. Grace drives

3. The baby smiled happy.

My uncle is a good dancer.

My uncle dances

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. The ballerina dances beautiful.

The ballerina dances beautifully.

.
.
.

4. They arrived earlily.


72

Unit 17

73

18

Science is easier than math.

1. My younger brother is ( strong / stronger ) than I am.

Grammar Station

2. Is English ( more difficult / more difficulter ) than Spanish?

Adjectives: Comparatives

3. The green sweater is ( good / better ) than the gray one.

We use comparative adjectives to compare two people or things.


We add -er or more to adjectives to make comparatives.
We also put than after comparatives.

+ -er

most adjectives

4. Soccer is ( popularer / more popular ) than baseball in England.

Adjective

Comparative

old
young
cheap

older
younger
cheaper
larger
nicer
wider

adjectives ending in -e

+ -r

large
nice
wide

adjectives ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -er

big
hot
thin

bigger
hotter
thinner

adjectives ending in -y

y + -ier

happy
heavy
busy

happier
heavier
busier

more +

exciting
handsome
expensive

more exciting
more handsome
more expensive

good
bad

better
worse

adjectives with two or


more syllables
irregular

Circle the correct words.

Write the comparatives.

longer

1. long

2. heavy

3. hot

4. useful

5. bad

6. interesting

7. good

8. wide

more interesting
wider

Complete the sentences using comparatives.


1.

( slow / fast )

The snail is

slower than

the tortoise.
the snail.

The tortoise is
2.

The tower is taller than the building.


The building is shorter than the tower.

Science is easier than math.


Math is more difficult than science.

( small / big )

Mars
Earth

3.

Mars is

Earth.

Earth is

Mars.

( expensive / cheap )

The red jacket is more expensive than the blue one.

Circle the correct comparatives.

74

$20

$1

The blue jacket is

the red one.

1. larger / largeer

2. hotter / more hotter

3. more good / better

4. beautifuler / more beautiful

Science is

than history.

5. expensive / more expensive

6. badder / worse

History is

than science.

4.

( difficult / easy )

Unit 18

75

parative
When you write a com
both the
n
essay, you can explai
ces using
en
fer
dif
similarities and
s.
comparative

Grammar in Writing
A

Complete the sentences using comparatives.

Lucy
Age: 10
34 kg

Bill
Age: 12
45 kg

Mrs. Brown
Age: 39
53 kg

Complete the comparative essay using comparatives.

1. (tall)

Mr. Brown
Age: 42
72 kg

taller than Mrs. Brown.

Mr. Brown is

Dogs and Cats

2. (young)
Mrs. Brown is younger than Mr. Brown.

Both dogs and cats are popular pets. There are


some differences between them.

3. (old)
Bill is

Lucy.

Dogs need

4. (heavy)
Lucy is not

Choose and complete the sentences using comparatives.


expensive

exciting

1. Last year, Toms hair was

hot

longer than

thin

4. Christine is

(happy)

in

(clean)

and

(kind)

than cats. Cats are shy, independent,

(quiet)

than dogs. People can

train dogs because they are

(smart)

and more loyal than cats.

now.

Dogs will never leave their owners.

yesterday.
her younger sister.

5. I like this sweater better, but its

Generally, dogs are

and

2. Snowboarding is more exciting than skiing to me.


3. It is very hot today. It is

(wide)

happier

than dogs.

(friendly)

long

wider

and

small spaces. They are also

5. (short)

(big)

spaces than cats. Cats are

Bill.

Bill is shorter than Mr. and Mrs. Brown.

bigger

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Alaska is largeer than Hawaii.
2. Emails are convenienter than letters.
3. Lewis is more strong than Bob.

Alaska is larger than Hawaii.


Emails are more convenient than letters.
Lewis is stronger than Bob.

Complete the chart.


Adjective

Comparative

Adjective

Comparative

Adjective

big

bigger

large

beautiful

pretty

high

dangerous

hot

early

useful

heavy

good

difficult

easy

bad

exciting

Comparative

4. This week is busyer than last week.


76

Unit 18

77

19

I am the fastest in my class.

Adjectives: Superlatives
We use superlative adjectives to compare three or more people or things.
We add -est or most to adjectives to make superlatives.
We also put the before superlatives.
Superlative

most adjectives

+ -est

tall
short

tallest
shortest

adjectives ending in -e

+ -st

large
wide

largest
widest

adjectives ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -est

big
thin

biggest
thinnest

adjectives ending in -y

y + -iest

early
easy

earliest
easiest

most +

expensive
exciting

most expensive
most exciting

good
bad

best
worst

adjectives with two or


more syllables
irregular

thinner

1. thin

Grammar Station

Adjective

Write the comparatives and superlatives.

4. good

5. nice

6. bad

7. sad


8. difficult

9. early

10. useful

$70

the shortest of the three flowers.


The sunflower is the tallest .

The tulip is
tulip

rose sunflower

2.

( slow / fast )

Kate is
Ron

Kate

3.

1.

2.

the tallest boy

78

3.

the thinnest book

the most expensive bag

Eric is
( cheap / expensive )

$18,000 $13,000 $9,000

Circle the correct pictures.

of the three friends.

The yellow car is the cheapest of the three cars.

Mark

$110

more useful most useful

( short / tall )

The red coat is expensive.


The blue coat is more expensive than the red coat.
The brown coat is the most expensive of the three.
$45

more difficult most difficult

Complete the sentences using superlatives.


1.

Mark is fast.
John is faster than Mark.
But I am the fastest in my class.
John

2. famous more famous most famous


3. pretty

Eric

thinnest

.
The gray car isthe most expensive

Complete the sentences using superlatives.

tallest

1.

tall

2.

busy

Manhattan is the

3.

large

The

4.

high

Mt. Eerest is the

5.

small

The

largest

Australia is the

man in the world lives in Turkey.


place in New York.
ocean is the Pacific Ocean.
mountain in the world.
continent.
Unit 19

79

Grammar in Writing
A

Choose and complete the sentences using superlatives.


1. Picasso is

Complete the travel brochure using superlatives.

the most famous Spanish painter.

2. This is

problem in this chapter.

3. Snow White was the most beautiful woman in the country.


4. This chair isthe most comfortablechair in the room.
5. What is

comfortable
beautiful
famous
difficult
popular

place in Europe?

Sherlock Holmes London Tour


Dont miss the

dolphin

The Sherlock Holmes London Tour is ______________ tour for fans of

whale

(famous)

from the stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle,

heavy

The dictionary
2. The shark
The whale
3. I think baseball
I think soccer

(happy)

exciting

the history book.


book of the three.

2. My dog is the smart of the three.


3. Are you the thinner boy in your class?

detective

adventure of your life.

(good)

prices!

Highlights

Visit

___________
(popular)

locations from the 2009 movie Sherlock Holmes .

Includes / Excludes

Tour guide / Meals and drinks

the dolphin.
animal of the three.
basketball.

Complete the chart.

sport.

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. Joan is the most good runner.

(great)

tours in London.

(cheap)

Check out our website for our

is thicker than

(wonderful)

We will show you _____________ sites in the city. You can visit real places

We offer

1. The math book

(exciting)

writer ever. You will have

shark

thick

most exciting tour in London!

Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.

Complete the sentences using comparatives and superlatives.


1

vel brochure,
When you write a tra
place by using
you can promote a
superlatives.

Adjective

Superlative

Adjective

busy

busiest

tall

nicest

popular

thinnest

comfortable

Joan is the best runner.


My dog is the smartest of the three.
Are you the thinnest boy in your class?

wide
heavy

Superlative

good
worst

4. K2 is not the most high mountain.


80

Unit 19

81

20

The ball is behind the box.

Write the correct prepositions.


1.

Grammar Station

2.

3.

4.

Prepositions of Place & Movement

next to

We use prepositions of place to say where people or things are.


Prepositions of Place

in front of

behind

between

5.

next to

behind the cage across from the cage

the cage

6.

the cage

across from

7.

the cage

in front of the cage


8.

out of the cage

between the cages

We use prepositions of movement to describe movements to or from places.


Prepositions of Movement

Circle the correct words.


1. The birds fly ( over / out of ) the clouds.

up

down

into

out of

2. The tourists are ( between / in front of ) the restaurant.

over

3. A big spider is climbing ( between / up ) the tree.


4. My dads car is ( down / between ) the buses.
5. The tall tree is ( next to / into ) the house.

A squirrel is climbing up the tree.


A ladybug is climbing down the tree.
A woodpecker is flying into the hole.

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.


1. The bus stop is

Write the correct letters.


1. between
a

c
b
d

Theater

3. down

2. The bank is
3. The theater is

2. into

4. next to
82

Park

in front of the stadium.


the bakery.
the stadium

and the bakery.


4. The bakery is

the theater.
Unit 20

83

ctions, you
When you write instru
s or people
ng
can explain where thi
s.
on
siti
are by using prepo

Grammar in Writing
A

Choose and complete the sentences.


1. Emmas seat is

Choose and complete the game instructions.

in front of the teachers desk.

2. Snowflakes are falling

down
into
up
in front of
across from
behind

from the sky.

3. My son is jumping

the pool.

4. My grandpas farm is

my house.

5. Rio is hiding

the tree. I can see him.

6. The painter is climbing

Alex the watchman didnt lock the gates.


All the animals escaped!

Some flamingos are flying

the ladder.

A crocodile is behind
ostrich is next to

1. There is a rainbow

the hole

the basket

over the mountain

2. A lot of ants came

behind
in front of

.
.

The princess came out of the room.

4. My bike is between the tree.


84

the ticket office. You

their cages.

over

down
out of

into
next to

Complete the chart.


Position

Preposition

in front of the box


the box

between the blue balls

2. The swing is next the slide.


3. Sally is standing in front the gate.

the tree. An

Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.


1. The princess came out the room.

the fence.

the stairs

3. Violet is throwing a stick


4. The man is walking

over

Your goal:
Drive your car in front of the animals to catch them.
Then put them back

the mountain

the gate.

need to catch them before sunrise.


Game instructions:
Use the arrow keys to move your car up,
, left, or right.

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.


1

out of

The monkeys are running

Tickets

Sally is standing in front of the gate.

Position

Preposition

the blue ball


/
/

the box

My bike is between the trees.


Unit 20

85

Supplementary
Material

Review Test 1
A

Units 01-04

Circle the correct words.

1. We can see ( much / a lot of ) pictures in the museum.

1.

slice / pie

2. There are two ( bottle / bottles ) of juice on the table.

2.

glass / water

3. We want to play soccer, ( but / and ) we cant.

3.

bag / flour

4. Karen needs a ( slice / carton ) of milk.

4.

bottle / juice

5. Is your dad in the living room ( but / or ) in the backyard?

5. carton / yogurt

Complete the sentences with many or much.


1. Mr. and Mrs. Davis visit

4. Is there

1. Does Eric

need

much

yours

doesnt drink

5. These sneakers are

two slice of

nice,

lives

the children

but

play on the playground after school.


buildings in this city.
he doesnt like soccer.
meat.

Unscramble the sentences.

bread.

2. and pretty / Sue / kind / is / .


3. Ryan / or winter / summer / Does / like / ?

water.

4. drink / Do / milk / a lot of / you / ?

and

many

in a small town.

your brothers?

but
many

There are fourcartons of yogurt in the refrigerator.

1. is / Mr. Darcy / wonderful cook / a / .

pencils?

a glass of milk and

3. Is this backpack

88

5. I dont eat

for breakfast.

Sue has toast and a

4. Simon likes baseball,

books.

Lets buy a

3. There are

Choose the wrong words and correct them.

4. Derek

2. Tchiln

rice in the bag?

5. Sarah doesnt read

I need two glasses of water .

1. My uncle Peter

baseball bats here.

for only $2.

Enjoy a

Choose and complete the sentences.


much

rain in the summer?

3. There are

2. I want

places.

2. Do you have

Complete the sentences.

theyre expensive.

Does Ryan like summer or winter?

5. English / read / newspapers / I / .


Review Test 1

89

Review Test 2
A

Circle the correct words.

Complete the sentences in the present continuous.


1.

call

2. My brothers ( usually are / are usually ) noisy.

2.

come

3. Are your sisters ( ride / riding ) bikes?

3.

exercise

4. Mr. Johns is ( fixing not / not fixing ) the computer.

4.

not / listen

5. Carol doesnt ( help / helps ) her brother.

5.

run

Complete the sentences in the present simple.

French, but she doesnt

(study)

3. Does Harry

(study)

(have)

2. Eric

brushs
is

and

feeds her dog every day.

running, but Jason

3. Sean and David

arent

4. The dogs

chasing

5.

What

isnt
they are

not is running.

hiting
a cat.

eating now?

the balls.

into the station.


your mom exercising at the gym?

Carols mom isnt listening to music. She is reading a book.


they

Where

where

know

blowing

are the children going?

4. The boy is

plays soccer after school.


the tall boy.

bubbles.

5. Joe likes sweets. He

often

3. We know the girl, but we dont

home at 7:30.

(leave)

Brian?

The subway Is

2. Tony doesnt like soccer. He

six classes.

Choose the wrong words and correct them.


1. Alice

1.

Japanese.

you

Choose and complete the sentences.


never

storybooks?

(like)

4. On Monday, Meg
5. My sister

hiking once a month.

(go)

2. Ann

90

1. How often does it ( snow / snows ) here?

1. My dad

Units 05-08

eats chocolate and candy.

Change and rewrite the sentences.


1. Andy is cleaning the garden.

Question

2. The baby cries at night.

Negative

3. They read many science books.

Question

4. We are having lunch.

Negative

5. The house has a nice view.

Question

Review Test 2

91

Review Test 3
A

Units 09-12

Circle the correct words.

Complete the questions in the past simple.

1. It ( wasnt / werent ) cold and windy yesterday.

1.

meet

2. My family ( live / lived ) in Sydney two years ago.

2.

buy

What

you

3. A Where ( was / were ) they last night?

3.

be

Who

the boy on the stage?

4. A ( Was / Were ) you best friends last year? B Yes, we ( was / were ).

4.

visit

Did you

5. A Did Ron ( come / came ) to the meeting?

5.

put

Where

Complete the sentences with was or were.


1. There

B They ( was / were ) at home.

B No, he ( did / didnt ).

2.
3. Who

the boy with glasses?

4.

they Nellys puppies?

5.

your sisters shy last year?

made

92

Choose the wrong words and correct them.


1.

We

2.

Were

3.

Did Mr. Bell

4.

When

5.

Did you

washes

our dads car last Saturday.

the school festival

exciting?

moved the desk

did you

yesterday?

readed the newspaper?

saw Tony

this afternoon?

put

his phone?

climbed

wrote

2. Larry

listen to music.

3. Jason

a postcard to his grandparents.

4. There was a rainbow over the mountain, he

didnt

Italian food for dinner.

5. The people

at the mall?

the gallery yesterday?


he

1. Daves mom

there an old tree in this town?

buy

Choose and complete the sentences.


said

a big storm last night.

Jake on Sunday?

Did Ann

the hill.

Change and rewrite the sentences.


1. They were in Canada last year.

Question

2. It was hot last summer.

Negative

3. We ate lunch at a restaurant.

Negative

4. My parents arrived last night.

Negative

5. Nelly went to school today.

Question

Review Test 3

93

Review Test 4
A

Units 13-16

Circle the correct words.

Complete the questions.

1. They will ( meet / meeting ) us at the stadium.

1. A

is Martin?

B Hes about 165 cm tall.

2. Will Andy ( go / goes ) on a school trip tomorrow?

2. A

is a marathon?

B Its 42.195 km.

3. I ( not will / will not ) talk with my friend during class.

3. A

is the boy?

B Hes nine years old.

4. A Is Emma ( going to buy / go to buy ) sneakers today? B Yes, she ( is / will ).

4. A

is the gym from here?

B Its three miles away.

5. A ( How / Why ) did Bill cry? B He ( cries / cried ) because the movie was sad.

5. A

is your room?

B Its bigger than Janes room.

Complete the sentences using be going to.


1.

eat

2.

not / play

3.

visit

4.

draw

you going to

5.

take

she going take

I m goingo

more fruit and vegetables.

They re not going to


We re going ti

board games.

why
1. It will

Short Form

Choose the wrong words and correct them.


1. I

94

will

read not

2.

When

will he

3.

Why

he was

4.

How

far

5.

How

is old

the essay again.


comes back?
absent yesterday?

the station is from here?


your cousin?

plan

going

long

a picture?

to read too many comic books.

3. Will you

a trip during the holidays?

4. How

a nap?

clear in the afternoon.

2. I am not

5. A

be

Short Form

Short Form

the science museum.

Choose and complete the sentences.

is the Niagara River?


was she angry? B She was angry because we were noisy.

Change and rewrite the sentences.


1. We will be busy tomorrow.

Short Form

2. She will bring a camera.

Question

3. Adam will go to the ice rink.

Negative

4. We are going to visit the town.

Question

5. I am going to wear the coat.

Negative

Review Test 4

95

Review Test 5
A

Units 17-20

Circle the correct words.

Complete the sentences using comparatives or superlatives.


better

1. Your kite flies ( high / highly ).

1.

good

The brown jacket is

2. Lucy is not ( heavy / heavier ) than Bill.

2.

heavy

Whales are the

3. The red coat is the ( more / most ) expensive of the three.

3.

happy

Today is the

4. Two ladybugs are climbing ( between / up ) the tree.

4.

exciting

Snowboarding is more e

than skiing.

5. Eric is the ( faster / fastest ) boy in our class.

5.

famous

This tower is thethe most f

place in our town.

Choose the correct places for the adverbs.


a

1.

quietly

2.

well

My uncle

3.

too

Mrs. Header

4.

very

Asia

5.

really

We (we)

is a

must talk

fixes

things

thin

large

is
b

Christine is

popular

c
c

4. Im

between

the tree.
the stadium and the bakery.

the bakery. I can smell the bread baking.

5. Lets run! The tiger is following us. It is

Choose the wrong words and correct them.


1.

Put the eggs

2. The building
3. This is

96

careful
is

short

most difficult

us.

Unscramble the sentences.

into the milk.

1. front / me / Luke / in / of / is sitting / .

Luke is sitting in front of me.

than the tower.

2. well / Alice / Chinese / speaks / .

Alice speaks Chinese well.

the most difficult

3. in / is / the slowest boy / his class / Ken / .

Ken is the slowest boy in his class.

the thickest book

4. great / The concert / really / was / .

The concert was really great.

problem

in this chapter.

4. The dictionary

is

the thicker book

5.

is

next the house.

The tall tree

into

the water.

3. The theater is

in the class.

day of my life.

behind

2. The squirrel is climbing

. She has to eat more.

continent.
c

in front of

1. She dived

heaviest animals in the world.

Choose and complete the sentences.


up

in the museum.

than the gray one.

of them all.

5. than math / Science / difficult / is / more / . Science is more difficult h ath.


Review Test 5

97

Parts of a Sentence

Present Simple

Subject (S)

Predicate (P)

Fish
The basketball players
Mike
Airplanes
The baby

Positive

swim.
are tall.
is a wonderful cook.
fly in the sky.
wants ice cream.

many

N
Q

Noncount Noun

There are many pens.


There arent many pens.
Are there many pens?
P

much

N
Q
P

a lot of

N
Q

There are a lot of pens.


There arent a lot of pens.
Are there a lot of pens?

P
N
Q

I / You / We / They

run.

I / You / We / They

He /She / It

runs.

He /She / It

do not
(=dont)
does not
(=doesnt)

Yes/No Question

Quantifiers 1: Many/Much/A Lot Of


Count Noun

Negative

There isnt much water.


Is there much water?
There is a lot of water.
There isnt a lot of water.
Is there a lot of water?

run.
run.

Answer

Do

you /we /they

run?

Yes, I /you /they do.

No, I /you /they dont.

Does

he /she

run?

Yes, he /she does.

No, he /she doesnt.

Frequency Adverbs
The Verb Be + Frequency Adverb
always
usually
often
sometimes
never

is

Laura

busy.

Frequency Adverb + Action Verb


always
usually
often
sometimes
never

Laura

eats

breakfast.

Quantifiers 2: Noncount Nouns


Quantifier

Noncount Noun

a cup of

coffee
tea
hot chocolate

a glass of

juice
water
milk

a bottle of

water
juice
ketchup

a piece of

cheese
cake
paper

Quantifier

Noncount Noun

a slice of

ham
bread
pizza

a can of

tuna
soda
paint

a bag of

flour
rice
popcorn

a carton of

milk
juice
soup

Conjunctions

but

or

98

Base Verb

Present Continuous

most verbs

+ -ing

eat

walk

eating

walking

verbs ending in -e

e + -ing

make

smile

making

smiling

verbs ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant + -ing

run

sit

running

sitting

Positive

Negative

am

He /She / It

is

We / You / They

are

reading.

am not (=m not)

He /She / It

is not (=isnt)

We / You / They

are not (=arent)

reading.

Present Continuous: Questions

Conjunction
and

Present Continuous: Positive & Negative

Sentence

Question

I am cold. + I am hungry.
I am cold and hungry.
Max likes soccer. + Max doesnt like baseball.

Am I
Yes/No
Question

Is he

Will you have milk or juice?

sleeping?

Are they

Max likes soccer, but he doesnt like baseball.


Will you have milk? + Will you have juice?

Answer

Wh-question

What

are you

Where

is she

Yes, you are.

No, you arent.

Yes, he is.

No, he isnt.

Yes, they are.

No, they arent.

eating?

Im eating a sandwich.

sleeping?

Shes sleeping in her bed.

99

Future (Will): Positive & Negative

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Positive & Negative

Positive

Positive
I / He /She / It

was

in London last week.

We / You / They

were

sick yesterday.

I / He /She / It

was not (=wasnt)

We / You / They

were not (=werent)

Subject

Will

Base Verb

I / He /She / It

will
(=ll)

go.

We / You / They

Negative
in London last week.

Negative
Subject

Will + Not

Base Verb

He /She / It

will not
(=wont)

go.

We / You / They

Future (Will): Questions

sick yesterday.

Question

Past Simple (The Verb Be): Questions

Wh-question

Answer

Were you

Yes/No
Question

sick?

Was he
Where
Who

Will you

call me?

Yes, I will.

What

will you

watch?

Ill watch a horror movie.

Where

will he

go?

Hell go to the zoo.

When

will they

meet her?

Theyll meet her this Saturday.

Yes/No Question

Question

Wh-question

Yes, I was.

No, I wasnt.

Yes, he was.

No, he wasnt.

were you last night?

I was at home.

was the boy next to you?

He was my cousin.

Answer

Future: Be Going To
Positive

Past Simple: Positive & Negative


Positive
I / We / You / They

worked.

He /She / It

did not
(=didnt)

He /She / It
Base Verb

work.

Past Simple Verb

most verbs

+ -ed

walk

verbs ending in -e

+ -d

move live

moved lived

verbs ending in
a consonant + -y

y + -ied

cry study

cried studied

verbs ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -ed

stop plan

stopped planned

come
give
run
see

have
make
lose
tell

irregular

came
gave
ran
saw

had
made
lost
told

help

walked helped

go
eat
say
buy

went
ate
said
bought

cut
hit
break
read

cut
hit
broke
read

Be Going To

am going to

He /She / It

is going to

We / You / They

are going to

Did you

dance?

Yes, I did.

What

did you

eat for lunch?

I ate a pie for lunch.

Where

did he

eat lunch?

He ate lunch in the cafeteria.

When

did they

eat lunch?

They ate lunch at noon.

Yes/No Question

Wh-question

100

Answer
No, I didnt.

Base Verb

Subject

Be

Subject

Going To

Am

Is

he /she / it

Are

we /you /they

Be + Not + Going To Base Verb

am not going to

He /She / It

is not going to

We / You / They

are not going to

leave.

Yes/No Question

leave.

Answer
Base Verb

going to

sing?

Positive

Negative

Yes, you are.

No, you arent.

Yes, he /she / it is.

No, he /she / it isnt.

Yes, we /you /they are. No, we /you /they arent.

Question Words: How / Why


Question
How

How

Past Simple: Questions


Question

Negative

Subject

Negative

I / We / You / They

No, I wont.

How +
Adjective

Why

How

Why

Answer

was the concert?

It was fantastic!

do you go to school?

I usually walk to school.

old

is your cousin?

He is 13 years old.

long

will you stay here?

I will stay here for two weeks.

big

is the box?

It is very small.

tall

are you?

Im 158cm tall.

far

is the mall?

It is three blocks away.

are you angry?

Im angry because Bill broke my bike.

do you like science?

I like it because it is very interesting.

101

Scope & Sequence


Adjectives & Adverbs
Adjective
He is famous.

The Verb Be +
Adjective

The man walks slowly.

Verb + Adverb

He is a famous singer.

Adjective + Noun

The woman is really fast.

Adverb + Adjective

The dog barks very loudly.

Adverb + Adverb

Adjectives: Comparatives

Adjective
old

+ -er

most adjectives

Grammar Space Beginner Book 01

Adverb

Comparative
older

cheap

cheaper

adjectives ending in -e

+ -r

large

wide

larger

wider

adjectives ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -er

hot

thin

hotter

thinner

adjectives ending in -y

y + -ier

heavy

adjectives with two or


more syllables

more +

irregular

Adjectives: Superlatives

heavier

busy

exciting

handsome

good

bad

more exciting

busier
more handsome

better

Adjective

worse

Superlative

most adjectives

+ -est

tall

short

tallest

shortest

adjectives ending in -e

+ -st

large

wide

largest

widest

adjectives ending in
a vowel + a consonant

double consonant
+ -est

big

thin

biggest

thinnest

adjectives ending in -y

y + -iest

early

easy

earliest

easiest

adjectives with two or


more syllables

most +

expensive

exciting

most expensive

most exciting

good

bad

best

worst

irregular

Prepositions of Place & Movement


Prepositions of Place

in front of

102

behind

between

next to

Prepositions of Movement

across from

up

down

into

out of

over

Nouns

11

Adjectives

Articles

12

Prepositions of Place

Plural Nouns

13

Present Simple: Subject-Verb Agreement

Count & Noncount Nouns

14

Present Simple: Positive

Subject Pronouns & The Verb Be

15

Present Simple: Negative

The Verb Be : Negative & Yes/No Questions

16

Present Simple: Yes/No Questions

The Verb Be : Wh-questions

17

Present Simple: Wh-questions

There + The Verb Be

18

Modal Verb: Can (Ability)

Demonstrative Pronouns

19

Modal Verbs: Can / May (Permission)

10

Possessive Adjectives

20

Imperatives

Grammar Space Beginner Book 02


1

Types of Sentences

11

Adjectives: Comparatives

Articles

12

Adverbs

Plural Nouns

13

Present Continuous: Positive

Pronouns

14

Present Continuous: Negative

Possessives

15

Present Continuous: Questions

The Verb Be

16

Prepositions of Time

There + The Verb Be , Some & Any

17

Past Simple: The Verb Be

It + The Verb Be

18

Past Simple 1: Regular Verbs

Present Simple: Positive & Negative

19

Past Simple 2: Irregular Verbs

10

Present Simple: Questions

20

Modal Verbs: Must / Have To

Grammar Space Beginner Book 03


1

Parts of a Sentence

11

Past Simple: Positive & Negative

Quantifiers 1: Many / Much / A Lot Of

12

Past Simple: Questions

Quantifiers 2: Noncount Nouns

13

Future (Will ): Positive & Negative

Conjunctions

14

Future (Will ): Questions

Present Simple

15

Future: Be Going To

Frequency Adverbs

16

Question Words: How / Why

Present Continuous: Positive & Negative

17

Adjectives & Adverbs

Present Continuous: Questions

18

Adjectives: Comparatives

Past Simple (The Verb Be ): Positive & Negative

19

Adjectives: Superlatives

10

Past Simple (The Verb Be ): Questions

20

Prepositions of Place & Movement

103