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CBSE TEST PAPER-05

CLASS - XII CHEMISTRY (Haloalkanes and Haloarenes)


[ANSWER]
Topic:- Miscellaneous Questions
Ans1.

A mixture of HCl and anhydrous ZnCl2 is known as Lucas reagent.

Ans 2.

CH3CH2CH2CH2Br

CH3CH

CH2CH3

Br
1 -- bromobutane
2 -- bromobutane
2- bromobutane will be optically active as it has one chiral carbon (C2).
Ans3.

The order of increasing boiling points is

(CH3)3 C Br < CH3 CH CH2 Br < CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 Br


CH3
Boiling point decreases with increase in branching as it reduces the surface area.

Ans 4.

(a) Fittig reaction

Cl

Cl
+ Na +

dry
ether
diphenyl

Chlorobenzene
(b) Finkelstein reaction CH3 CH2Cl + Nal

CH3 CH2 l + NaCl

chloroethane

Ans5.

lodoethane

(a) When thionyl chloride acts upon 1- propanol chloropropane is formed .

CH3CH2CH2OH + SOCl2 CH3CH2CH2Cl+SO2 +HCl


(b) When ethanol reacts with PBr3, bromoethane is formed.

3CH 3CH 2OH + PBr3 3CH 3CH 2 Br + H 3 PO3


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Ans6.

C7H7Cl

Three aromatic isomers are possible.

CH3

2 - m e t h y lc h o lo r o b e n z e n e
Cl
CH3

Cl

3 - m e t h y l c h o lo r o b e n z e n e

CH3

4 - m e t h y l c h o lo r o b e n z e n e

Cl

Cl

Ans7 (a) by direct chlorination-

+ Cl2

Fe
dark

Benzene

Chlorobenzene

(b) by diazotization method.


NH 2
Aniline

N 2Cl

N 2Cl
+ NaNO 2 + HCl

diazotization

+ N 2 + NaCl
Diazoniumsalt
Cu 2Cl2 /HCl
Cl

Chlorobenzen

Ans8.

Alkyl halide e.g. C2 H5X, C6H5CH2X etc. can be distinguished from aryl halide, C6H5X,
by AgNO3 test.

Alkyl halide + aqKOH + AgNO 3

Alylk halide + aqKOH + AgNO 3

HNO 3

HNO 3

AgX
ppt.
NO ppt.

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