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2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

ABS Guide for Certification of Lifting


Appliances 2016: Focus on machinery

Cernusco sul Naviglio, Italy


19 May 2016

Marine & Offshore Meeting 2016

Guide for Certification of Lifting Appliances




Lifting Appliance Guide


previous edition published 2007

Major updates


Expanded scope


Subsea lifting

Heave compensation

Maintenance and service


baskets

Improve/harmonize technical
criteria for all types of cranes

Expand materials and


fabrication requirements
2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Chapter 1: Scope & Conditions of Certification




Class Notations for Lifting Appliances:




CRC (Crane and Lifting Appliances Register Certificate) Notation


Assigned when an ABS Register of Lifting Appliances is issued for ABS
Certified Cranes and Lifting Appliances

CGSU (Cargo Gear Self Unloading) Notation


Assigned when an ABS Register of Cargo Gear for Great Lakes Vessels
is issued for ABS Certified Self Unloading Cargo Gear

SElev (Shipboard Elevator) Notation


Assigned when an ABS Shipboard Elevator Certificate is issued for ABS
Certified Shipboard Elevators

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Chapter 1: Scope & Conditions of Certification

CRC notation


CRC notation: added abbreviated descriptions, clarifying types of lifting


appliances in the Register of LA:


SC: Shipboard Crane

OC: Offshore Crane

HC: Heavy lift Crane

SP: Special Purpose

MRW: Man Riding Winch

Subsea: Subsea Lifting

RMP: stern, bow and side port Ramps and Moveable Platforms (decks)

Added dedicated notation for personnel lifting with 3 levels:




PL: Personnel lifting - Basic emergency recovery system level

PL+: Personnel lifting - Intermediate emergency recovery system level

PL++: Personnel lifting - Highest emergency recovery system level

Example: CRC(SC-PL, OC-PL++-Subsea, HC-Subsea, SP, MRW, RMP)


2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Chapter 1: Scope & Conditions of Certification

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes




Section 2 Structural Requirements updates include:




Included of criteria for effects due to vessel inclinations, accelerations


and wind pressure
Updated structural criteria for uniform approach between all crane
types, including allowable stresses and vertical amplification factors

Buckling criteria in accordance with ABS Buckling Guide

Enhanced requirements for slewing rings

Migrated davits, monorail hoists/engine room cranes, provision


cranes and union purchase from existing Chapter 3

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 2 Structural Requirements

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 2 Structural Requirements

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes




Section 3 Materials and Welding updates include:







Provided criteria for specific crane components, e.g. pedestals,


sheaves, slewing rings, machinery components, piping systems etc.
Clarified that Pedestals and Kingposts are to be constructed from
proper ABS grade material up to first bolted connection or crane
interface, whichever is closer to the deck
New limit for low temperature of machinery componentes of -20C
Updated CVN testing requirements and included a CVN testing
summary table for easy reference

Included elongation requirements

Specified criteria for NDT for welds

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 3 Materials and Welding

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 3 Materials and Welding

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes




Section 4 Wire Rope updates include:




Incorporated safety factors for wire ropes of offshore cranes

Included formulas for safety factors for all unit systems

Included formulation for reeving efficiency and rope tension

Non-steel wire ropes will be subject to special consideration

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 4 Wire Rope

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes




Section 5 Loose Gear, Sheaves, Hooks and Hook Blocks


updates include:



Loose gear: updated units in tables and included NDE criteria


Sheaves: updated pitch diameter and groove radius requirements,
included clarification on design as special components
Hooks and Hook Blocks
Shipboard cranes: acceptance based on loose gear test by Manufacturer
Offshore and heavy lift cranes: design review mandatory, survey at test
Hook design to standard
Material properties of hook material (CVN)

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 5 Loose Gear, Sheaves, Hooks and Hook Blocks

10

Chapter 2: Guide for Certification of Cranes




Section 6 Construction Standards for Crane Machinery, Piping


and Electrical Systems updates include:


Winches and Drums

Brakes

Slewing Mechanisms and Gearboxes

Hydraulic Cylinders

Safety Devices and Features

Computer-Based Control Systems

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

11

2-6/19.3 Drums


Drum thickness function of pressure applied by subsequent layers


of rope

Rope relaxation effect for multilayered drum




Function of rope stiffness

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

12

2-6/19.5 Brakes for winches




Every hoisting and luffing winch is to be provided with at least a


static and a dynamic brake which may act through the same load
path
STATIC

DYNAMIC
2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

13

2-6/19.5 Brakes for winches




Static brake


Hold a load indefinitely (e.g. oil bath disc brakes)

Braking capacity in excess of torque induced by:


For hoisting winch 1.5 times Live Load
For luffing winch 1.5 x Amplification Factor times Live Load

Dynamic brake


Retard and stop a moving load without overheating (clamps, band,


hydraulic restrictions, regenerative braking)

For friction brakes friction factor max value of 0.3

Test to demonstrate fitness

To be fail safe (stop the load when loosing actuating power)

To be directly connected to the motor ports


Closed circuit hydraulic system -> motion regulation is actuated at the
pump, need of an additional brake at the motor
2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

14

2-9/7 Brakes for personnel lifting winches




Hoisting and luffing winches used for lifting of personnel are to be


equipped with at least a static and a dynamic brake, which are to
be mechanically and operationally independent

Each brake is preferably to act directly on the winch drum but a


fully independent load path will be considered on a case by case
basis.

With separate control circuit

Secondary brake rated


for personnel
2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

15

2-6/25 Hydraulic cylinders




Buckling of cylinders


Added formula for critical load (ref. ANSI(NFPA)T3.6.37, Hydraulic


fluid power - Cylinders - Method for determining the buckling load),
Required safety factor 2

Lock valves


Set point of valve at 110% of maximum dynamic operative pressure


(calculated with Live Load times Vertical Amplification Factor)
Malfunctioning or wrong setting of counterbalance valve may
contribute to buckling of cylinders
Design pressure of the cylinder to be at least set point of relief valve
(dependent on Vertical Amplification Factor)

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6 Machinery, Piping and Electrical

16

2-9/9 Hydraulic cylinder for personnel lifting




Redundancy required:


One cylinder with double seals at the piston head and rod

OR


Two independent cylinders, where each cylinder is to be


independently capable of holding the rated capacity for personnel
lifting.

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 9 Personnel Lifting

17

2-6/13 & 2-9/25 Computer based system




Computer-based system is a system of microprocessors,


associated software, peripherals and interfaces.


Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC), Distributed Control Systems


(DCS), PC or server-based computation systems

Safety level at least 2 for personnel lifting

Safety level at least 1 for cargo lifting

System Category

Effects of Failure

Failure will not lead to dangerous situations for human


safety, safety of the vessel and/or threat to the
environment.

II

Failure could eventually lead to dangerous situations


for human safety, safety of the vessel and/or threat to
the environment.
2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Computer Based system

18

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Computer Based system

19

2-6/27.5 Load Radius Indicator




A load-moment or load-radius indicating device for main and


auxiliary hoists readable from the operators station is to be
provided, preferably with an alarm or audible device to warn the
operator of a possible overload condition

Cranes having different SWLs when operating in different


environmental conditions are to be provided with controls to
prevent or warn that the maximum hook load is exceeded, without
however, overriding the operators control of the load or crane.

Not required for cranes designed for one SWL from minimum to
maximum radii.

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 6/27.5 Safety Features

20

2-9/13: Emergency recovery of personnel




Three different levels of redundancy in the emergency recovery


control systems of cranes:
PL notation
The crane is to be fitted with its own independent means for controlled luff down
and lowering operations in the event of a single failure in the power or control
system. Such means is to provide controlled lowering and stopping of the winch
drums and cylinders under all load conditions.

PL+ notation
The crane is to be fitted with its own independent means for controlled slew, luff
down, and lowering operations in the event of a single failure in the power or
control system. Such means is to provide controlled slewing of the crane and
lowering and stopping of the winch drums and cylinders under all load conditions.

PL++ notation
The crane is to be fitted with its own independent means for performing all main
functions, such as slewing, luffing up and down, hoisting up and down, folding
and unfolding, telescoping in and out, etc., in the event of a single failure in the
power or control system, under all load conditions.

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 9 Personnel Lifting

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2-7: Survey


Section 7 Surveys updates include:




Survey requirements for slewing rings at Manufacturer

Included proof load testing requirements to cover complex cranes

Testing requirements for personnel lifting


All safety features to be tested
Personnel emergency recovery is to be demonstrated

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 7 Survey

22

ABS Guide for Certification of Lifting


Appliances


Download 2016 Edition of the Guide at


www.eagle.org
Direct link
http://ww2.eagle.org/en/rules-and-resources/rules-and-guides.html

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

Section 7 Survey

23

2016 American Bureau of Shipping. All rights reserved.

www.eagle.org