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PD 1096 The National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP)

Revision of RA 6541: An Act to Ordain and Institute a

National Building Code of the Philippines.
Guides the nations Architects and Builders in order to protect
and guard the welfare of the users of any structure built on
Philippine land.
Puts the safety of users into consideration.
CHAPTER 9: Sanitation
Sec. 902 Water Supply
Shall come from existing municipal/city waterworks.
Must be approved by National Standards and subjected to
conform to the provisions of the Water Code of the
Piping installation shall conform to the provisions of the
National Plumbing Code of the Philippines.
Sec 903-904 Wastewater Disposal and Storm Drainage
Sanitary sewage and industrial wastewater shall be
discharged directly to nearest sanitary sewer.
Must be in accordance with the criteria set by the Code on
Sanitation and the National Pollution Control Commission.
If there is no available sanitary sewage, an imhoff or septic
tank may be utilized. Plumbing installations shall conform to
the National Plumbing Code.
Rainwater drainage shall not discharge to the sanitary sewer
Sec. 906. Noise Pollution Control
Equipment and machineries should be toned down in
industrial establishments through positive noise abatement
devices. Levels must be acceptable to the Dept. of Labor and
the National Pollution Control Commission.
Sec. 907 Pipe Materials
All pipe materials shall conform to the Standard Specifications
of the Philippines Standard Council.
CHAPTER 10: Bldg. Projection Over Public Streets
Guidelines taking into consideration property lines and projections
over public streets.
Sec. 1001 Gen. Requirements
No part of and building or structure should cross the
Sec. 1002 Projection into alleys or streets
FOUNDATIONS: Should not exceed the property line any
more than 500 mm. Top surface of foundation to established
grade should be no greater than 600 mm.
FOOTING: Any footing located at least 2.40 m below grade
should not extend more than 300 mm beyond the property
Sec. 1003-1005 Projection over streets (balconies,
appendages, arcades, canopies)
Clearances between established grade line of streets and the
under surface of balconies, canopies (marquees) or arcades
should be at least 3.00 m.
Sec. 1006 Movable Awnings or Hoods
Horizontal clearances between an awning and a curb line = at
least 300 mm.
Vertical clearance: at least 2.40 m
Sec. 1007 Doors, Windows and the like
Doors, windows, and the like which are located below 2.40 m
(with the exception of fire exit doors) should not project over
property line when fully opened.

CHAPTER 11: Protection of Pedestrians During Construction or

Guidelines taking into consideration pedestrian safety during
construction and demolition.
Sec. 1101 General Requirements
Construction or demolition can only proceed once all
necessary pedestrian protection devices are provided.
Sec. 1105 Walkway
Temporary walkway should not be less than 1.20 m and
should be able to support a uniform live load of 650 kg/sqm
Sec. 1106 Pedestrian Protection
RAILINGS: at least 1m high
FENCES: not less than 2.4m in height above grade and
whole site is enclosed
CANOPIES: clear height of 2.4m above railway
*Refer to Table 1106-A. Type of Protection Required for
Pedestrians (from Annex B-2 of NBCP)
Sec. 1107 Maintenance & Removal of Protective Devices
Devices should be maintained in good condition and can only
be removed 30 days after the Building Official allows it.
Sec. 1108 Demolition
Can only begin when all necessary protective devices and
papers are provided and approved by the Building Official.
Guidelines taking into consideration aspects of construction and
design of buildings.
Sec. 1206 Roof Construction and Covering
ATTICS: Should be 600 mm square or in diameter with 800
mm headroom above the opening.
ROOF DRAINAGE: Should be installed at low points of roof.
Drainage water is not allowed to flow over into public property
except for Groups A and J Occupancies.
Sec. 1207 Stairs, Exits, and Occupant Loads
OCCUPANT LOAD: Is determined by dividing the floor area
by the unit area allowed per occupant per building type.
EXITS: Every building shall have at least on exit (2 for
occupant loads of 10+, 3 for 500+, and 4 for 1000+). Exit
doors should be at least 900mm wide and 2m tall and can
open 90 degrees. All points in a building should be at most
45m away from a required exit. Ramps should not exceed a
1:8 slope.
STAIRS: Stairways should be at least 750mm wide (900mm
for occupant load of 10+, 1.10m for 50+). Rise should be at
most 200mm while run should be at least 250mm. Should
have a handrail (800-900mm high) on each side.
SEATS: Aisles should be at least 800mm wide (1m if serving
two sides). Seats should be at least 450mm wide and the
back-to-back spacing should be at least 840mm.
Sec. 1212 Fire-Extinguishing Systems
Standard automatic fire-extinguishing systems must be
installed in: storeys of at least 200 sqm with occupant load of
20+; dressing and rehearsal rooms, workshops, factories, and
other rooms with occupant load of 10+; assembly halls with
occupant load of 500+; all rooms used for storage or handling
of inflammable articles.