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# EGCH 403

Sira Srinives

References
Bird, R.B., Stewart, W.E., and Lightfoot, E.N.,

## Transport Phenomena, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons,

2002.
Welty, J.R., Wicks, C.E., Wilson, R.E., Rorrer, G.
Fundamentals of momentum, heat and mass
transfer, 4th ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2002

COURSE SYLLABUS

## Vector and Tensor analysis

Fluid static and introduction to transport phenomena
Momentum shell balance
General isothermal momentum equation
Multivariable flows

## Introduction to conduction and convection heat transfer

Generalized non-isothermal equation of change
Multivariable energy transfer
Introduction to mass transfer
Steady-state diffusion with reaction
Generalized multicomponent
Multicomponent mass transfer

## Vector, Tensor, and Coordinates

-In Catersian coordinates, a coordinate
is assigned using x, y and z.
-In many cases, choosing the right
coordinate can help simplifying the
system significantly.
-The most important thing is to
understand and know how to apply
each coordinate to the right system and
to convert from one coordinate to the
other.

## Vector, Tensor, and Coordinates

Cartesian: x, y, z
Cylindrical: r, , z
Spherical: r, ,

## Vector, Tensor, and Coordinates

Correlation between Cartesian and cylindrical
coordination

x = r cos
y = r sin
z=z

2
2
x
y
+
+
r=

= arctan (y/x)
z=z

## Vector, Tensor, and Coordinates

Spherical coordinates
x = r sin cos
y = r sin sin
z = r cos

2
2
2
+
x
+
y
+
z
r=

= arctan x 2 + y 2

= arctan (y/x)

## Integral operation in different coordinates

Cylindrical coordinates

z 2 2 r2

z1

1 r1

f (r , , z )rdrddz

r dr d dz

r d

dr

## Integral operation in different coordinates

z 2 2 r2

f (r , , z )rdrddz

z1

1 r1

when

## Differential volume element

r dr d dz

r = r0 (constant)

z2 2

f (r , , z )r ddz
0

z1

when

= 0 (constant)

z 2 r2

f (r , , z )rdrdz
0

z1 r1

when
2 r2

z = z0 (constant)

f (r , , z )rdrd
0

1 r1

r d

dr

From
z 2 2 r2

f (r, , z )rdrddz

BUZZ
GROUP 2

z1 1 r1

If

f (r, , z ) = r

find
z1 = H 1 = 2 pi r1 = R

f (r, , z )rdrddz

z1 = 0 1 = 0 r1 = 0

r d

dr

## Integral operation in different coordinates

Spherical coordinates
2 2 r2

1 r1

f (r , , )r 2 dr sin dd
Differential volume element
r2 dr sin d d
Z-axis

r sin d

## Integral operation in different coordinates

2 2 r2

f (r , , )r 2 dr sin dd

1 r1

when

r = r0

2 2

2
(

)
g
,
,
r

r
0 sin dd
0

when
1 1

= 0

2 r2

2
g
(
)
r
,

r
sin 0 drd
0

when
1 r1

2 r2

= 0

2
g
r

,
)
r
sin drd
(
,

1 r1

## Differential volume element

r2 dr sin d d

BUZZ GROUP
2

From
2 2 r2

f (r, , )r dr sin dd
2

1 1 r1

f (r, , ) = r

If
find

2 = 2 pi 2 = pi r2 = R

f (r, , )r dr sin dd
2

1 = 0 1 = 0 r1 = 0

MOMENTUM TRANSPORT

86/Billard.JPG

http://drjudywood.com/articles/BBE
/BBEpics/momentum.jpg

## Newtons law of viscosity

- Define a system as two parallel plates. Each
plate has a surface area of A, located at a
distant of from one another.
- Fill the empty space between these two
plates with fluid and pull the lower plate at a
constant velocity V in +x direction.

Fig 1.1-1

## Fluid dynamics in transport phenomena

- As soon as the fluid flow reaches steady
state (constant velocity, V), constant force (F)
required to maintain the steady motion can
be presented as
F
V
=
A

, whereas

fluid viscosity

## - F/A was defined as yx that represented the

force in x direction exerted on a unit area
perpendicular to the y direction.

## Newtons law of viscosity

- Then, the shear force in x direction that
exerts on the unit area perpendicular to y
direction is proportional to the negative value
of velocity change in x direction with respect
to y direction.

dv x
yx =
dy

law of viscosity