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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


JENGKA, PAHANG

COURSE

BUILDING SERVICES
LABORATORY

COURSE CODE

ECM226

LEVEL OF OPENNESS

CATEGORY

TRADITIONAL

DEGREE OF OPEN-ENDED
(%)

PERIOD OF ACTIVITY

1 WEEK (WEEK 1)

TITLE
PREAMBLE

LABORATORY MANUAL

ELECRICAL SUPPLY DOMESTIC WIRING AND ACCESSORIES


1.1

Introduction

The traditional methods of conducting laboratory activities (assigned as


Level 0) will not be able to provide the avenue for students to enhance
independent learning activities and inculcate creativity and innovation. The
traditional method is fully prescriptive where the three elements namely
problem, ways & means and answers are provided/fully given to the
students. However, it is still necessary to be implemented as part of the
whole laboratory course activity specially to first and second year students
In this laboratory activity students will be introduced to the concept,
principles and the mechanism of the equipment used in domestic wiring and
the accessories involved.
1.2 Objective
The objective of this laboratory session is:
To study the basic concepts and principles in electrical supply of
domestic house and to apply the knowledge while familiar with the
equipment and operation.
1.3 Learning Outcomes
At the end of the laboratory activities, students would be able to:
1. Acquire understanding of basic concepts and principles in electrical
supply of domestic house.
2. Apply the knowledge and familiar with the equipment and operation.
1.4 Theoretical Background
Electricity is generated when a loop of conducting wire rotates in a
magnetic field. The electricity flows to a transmission station where a
transformer changes a large current and low voltage into a small
current and high voltage. For the domestic supply, there are the
secondary distribution substation which is the step-down from the
11Kv to 415/240V. From the substation, there are 4 wires from the
substation (if 415V at 50Hz) to connect to household. They tapping
from any one phase which are red, yellow, or blue and one from
neutral cable to become a single phase of 240V entering a house. The
FKA, UiTM, PAHANG

June 2013

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
JENGKA, PAHANG

LABORATORY MANUAL

current then flows to the neutralink and cut out. The neutralink will
connect the energy to the power system where as the cut out has its
own fuse that can manage to cut the circuit when the overload current
flows through it.When the current flows to the cut out, then it flows to
the kilowatt per hour (kW/h). kW/h is controlled by the Tenaga
Nasional Berhad (TNB) and it also to read the amount of the current
that is used by the user. Then, the current flows to the main switch.
The current is limited for 30A and if the current flows are overload, the
main switch will be disconnected. After that, the current will flow to the
earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB). The current flow of electrical
system is always very hazardous and involves high risk. The wrong
wire connection can lead to the serious damage by way of electrical
shock circuit. Next, the current flow to the distribution box. It content
miniature circuit breaker (MCB). MCB will transfer the current to each
part. There are two types of current flow to the socket which are ring
circuit socket and series circuit. The ring circuit socket has 6 cables
and the series circuit has three cables. If one the ring circuit socket is
damaged, the ring circuit that work as parallel circuit will be changed
to the series circuit. The sockets have three terminal that is life, neutral
and earth. While, the switches have two terminal of life cable which is
for upcoming and outgoing current.

PROBLEM
STATEMENT

Domestic wiring system is a commonly used of electrical flow in a wiring


system. Usually, the wiring system consists of electric meter, fuse, switch,
Residual Current Circuit Breaker, Miniature Circuit Breaker and socket.
Every single component has its own characteristic and function. Therefore,
you are required to observe the equipment in the laboratory stated and
study the each component of the electric circuit model and its schematic
diagram, the basic concepts and principles of electric circuit, the types of
circuit, the operation, the components in the electric circuit and its
functions/application.
3.1

Apparatus
Simple single phase wiring system and accessories, Three phase
wiring system for the UiTM at the Material Engineering Laboratory.

3.2

Procedures
1. Prepare yourself for a site visit within the surrounding area of
the laboratory.
2. Equipment to be observed.

WAYS & MEANS

3. Source of electricity which is the transformer and the Main


switch board.
4. Other utilities: ELCB, Isolator, Starter, various types of switch,
various types of socket and wiring insulation and trunking.
3.3 Data Acquisition
The equipment in the laboratory is observed and pictures of them
are taken. Each component of the electric circuit model and its
schematic diagram has to be labeled and named. The information
of the basic concepts and principles of electric circuit, types of
circuit, the operation, the components in the electric circuit and its
functions/application are obtained from the internet and books.

FKA, UiTM, PAHANG

June 2013

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM


UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
JENGKA, PAHANG

LABORATORY MANUAL

4 Results, Analysis and Conclusion


The group is required to submit the technical report of the laboratory results
highlighting the data acquisition process, and the relevancy of the set-out
output to achieve the objective.
The report must incorporate the followings:
i.

RESULTS

ii.

The component of the electric circuit model and its schematic


diagram are labeled.
The information of the basic concepts and principles of electric
circuit, types of circuit, the operation, the components in the
electric circuit and its functions/application which obtained from
internet/books.

The report must be submitted 1 week after the task is given.

FKA, UiTM, PAHANG

June 2013