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OUP GCSE Maths. Higher Scheme of Work: Higher Edexcel objective to spread.

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Numbers and the number


system

Integers

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Numbers and the number


system

Integers

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Numbers and the number


system

Integers

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Numbers and the number


system

Integers

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Numbers and the number


system

Powers and roots

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Numbers and the number


system

Powers and roots

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Numbers and the number


system

Powers and roots

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Numbers and the number


system

Fractions

Numbers and the number


system

Fractions

AO2

Numbers and the number


system

Decimals

AO2

Numbers and the number


system

Decimals

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Numbers and the number


system

Decimals

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Numbers and the number


system

Percentages

Numbers and the number


system

Percentages

AO2

Numbers and the number


system

Percentages

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Numbers and the number


system

Ratio

AO2

Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Number operations

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Mental methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Written methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

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Calculations

Calculator methods

Solving numerical problems

Solving numerical
problems

Solving numerical problems

Solving numerical
problems

Solving numerical problems

Solving numerical
problems

Solving numerical problems

Solving numerical
problems

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AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Use of symbols

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Use of symbols

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Use of symbols

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Use of symbols

Equations, formulae and


identities

Use of symbols

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Index notation

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Index notation

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Equations

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Equations

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Linear equations

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Linear equations

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Formulae

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Formulae

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Formulae

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Formulae

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Direct and Inverse


Proportion

AO2

Equations, formulae and


identities

Simultaneous linear
equations

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Inequalities

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Inequalities

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Quadratic equations

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Simultaneous linear
and quadratic
equations

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Equations, formulae and


identities

Numerical methods

AO2

Sequences, functions and


graphs

Sequences

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Sequences

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Sequences

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Graphs of linear
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Interpreting graphical
information

AO2

Sequences, functions and


graphs

Interpreting graphical
information

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Quadratic functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Quadratic functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Quadratic functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Other functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Other functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Transformations of
functions

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Sequences, functions and


graphs

Loci

AO2

Sequences, functions and


graphs

Loci

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

AO3

Geometrical reasoning

Properties of
triangles and other
rectilinear shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

Properties of circles

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Geometrical reasoning

3D shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

3D shapes

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Geometrical reasoning

3D shapes

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Transformations and
coordinates

Specifying
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Specifying
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Specifying
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Specifying
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Specifying
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

AO3

Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Properties of
transformations

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Transformations and
coordinates

Coordinates

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Transformations and
coordinates

Coordinates

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Transformations and
coordinates

Coordinates

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Transformations and
coordinates

Coordinates

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Transformations and
coordinates

Coordinates

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Transformations and
coordinates

Vectors

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Transformations and
coordinates

Vectors

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Transformations and
coordinates

Vectors

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Transformations and
coordinates

Vectors

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Transformations and
coordinates

Vectors

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Measures and construction

Measures

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Measures and construction

Measures

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Measures and construction

Measures

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Measures and construction

Measures

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Measures and construction

Measures

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Measures and construction

Construction

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Measures and construction

Construction

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Measures and construction

Construction

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Measures and construction

Construction

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Mensuration

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Measures and construction

Loci

AO4

AO4

AO4

AO4

Specifying the problem and


planning
Specifying the problem and
planning

Specifying the problem and


planning

Specifying the problem and


planning

AO4

AO4

AO4

Specifying the problem and


planning
Specifying the problem and
planning

Specifying the problem and


planning

AO4
Collecting data

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Collecting data
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Collecting data

Collecting data

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Processing and representing


data

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Processing and representing
data
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Processing and representing


data

Processing and representing


data

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Processing and representing


data
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Processing and representing


data

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Processing and representing


data
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Processing and representing


data
Processing and representing
data

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Processing and representing
data

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Interpreting and discussing
results

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Interpreting and discussing
results
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Interpreting and discussing


results

Interpreting and discussing


results

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Interpreting and discussing
results
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Interpreting and discussing


results

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Interpreting and discussing


results

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Interpreting and discussing


results
Interpreting and discussing
results

Interpreting and discussing


results

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Interpreting and discussing


results
Interpreting and discussing
results

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Interpreting and discussing
results
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Interpreting and discussing


results

dexcel objective to spread.

Higher tier
Higher ref
Pupils should be taught to:
Use their previous understanding of integers and HN1.1, HN2.1
place value to deal with arbitrarily large positive
numbers and round them to a given power of 10.
Understand and use negative integers, both as
positions and translations on a number line.
Order integers.

HN1I, HN1.2, HA2.3,


HN1.3
HN1I

Use the concepts and vocabulary of factor


(divisor), multiple and common factor, highest
common factor, least common multiple, prime
number and prime factor decomposition.

HN1I, HN1.4, HN1.5,


HA1I, HA1.4, HA1.5,
HN3.1, HN5.1

Use the terms square, positive square root,


negative square root, cube and cube root.
Use index notation and index laws for
multiplication and division of integer powers.
Use standard index form expressed in
conventional notation and on a calculator display.

HA3.5, HN5.3, HN6I,


HN6.2
HN5I, HN5.1, HN5.2,
HN5.3, HN5.4, HN5.5
HN5.4, HN5.5

Understand equivalent fractions, simplifying a


fraction by cancelling all common factors.
Order fractions by rewriting them with a common
denominator.
Recognise that each terminating decimal is a
fraction.
Order decimals.

HN3I, HN3.1, HN4.1,


HN7.1
HA2I, HA3.1

Recognise that recurring decimals are exact


fractions, and that some exact fractions are
recurring decimals.
Understand that 'percentage' means 'number of
parts per 100' and use this to compare
proportions.
Interpret percentage as the operator 'so many
hundredths of'.

HN3.4, HN3.5

Use percentage in real-life situations.

HN3.5, HN3.4
HN1.1

HN3.4, HD2I, HN4.1,


HN7I, HN7.2, HN7.5,
HN8.4
HN3.4, HD2I, HN4.1,
HN7I, HN7.2, HN7.3,
HN7.4
HN7.2, HN7.4, HN7.5,
HN8I, HN8.4
HN8.1, HN8.2, HN8.3,
HN8.4, HS7I

Use ratio notation, including reduction to its


simplest form and its various links to fraction
notation.
Multiply or divide any number by powers of 10
HN1.3, HN6.3, HN1.1
and any positive number by a number between 0
and 1.

Find the prime factor decomposition of positive


integers.
Understand reciprocal as multiplicative inverse,
knowing that any non-zero number multiplied by
its reciprocal is 1 (and that zero has no
reciprocal, because division by zero is not
defined).

HN1.4, HN1.5, HN5.1


HA2.4, HN3.3, HA5.3,
HN5.3

Multiply and divide by a negative number.


HN1.3
Use index laws to simplify and calculate the value HN5.3, HN5.4, HN5.5,
of numerical expressions involving multiplication HN5.1, HN5.2
and division of integer, fractional and negative
powers.
Use inverse operations, understanding that the
inverse operation of raising a positive number to
power n is raising the result of this operation to
power 1/n.

HA2I, HA2.1, HN5.3,


HA5.3

Use brackets and the hierarchy of operations.

HA1.3, HA2.1, HA3I,


HA3.2, HN5.2, HN5.3,
HN6I, HN6.1, HN6.2

Calculate a given fraction of a given quantity,


HN4I, HN4.1, HD4I,
expressing the answer as a fraction.
HN7.1, HD5I
Express a given number as a fraction of another. HN4.1
Add and subtract fractions by writing them with a HN3.2, HD3I, HD6I
common denominator.
Perform a short division to convert a simple
HN3I, HN3.4, HD3I,
fraction to a decimal.
HN7.1
Distinguish between fractions with denominators HN3.4, HN3.5
that have only prime factors of 2 and 5 (which are
represented by terminating decimals), and other
fractions (which are represented by recurring
decimals).
Convert a recurring decimal to a fraction.
HN3.5
Understand and use unit fractions as
HN3.3
multiplicative inverses.
Multiply and divide a given fraction by an integer, HN3.3, HD3I, HD6I
by a unit fraction and by a general fraction.
Convert simple fractions of a whole to
percentages of the whole and vice versa.
Understand the multiplicative nature of
percentages as operators.

HN3.4, HN3.5, HN4.1,


HN7.5, HN8.4
HN7.2, HN4.5

Calculate an original amount when given the


transformed amount after a percentage change.

HN7.5, HN8.5

Reverse percentage problems.


Divide a quantity in a given ratio.

HN8.5, HN7.5
HN8.1, HN8.2, HN8.3,
HN8.4
Recall integer squares from 11 11 to 15 15
HA3.1, HA3.5, HN5.2,
and the corresponding square roots, the cubes of HN5.3
2, 3, 4, 5 and 10, and recall the fact that n0 = 1
and n-1 = 1/n for positive integers n, the
corresponding rule for negative numbers, n = n
and n1/3= n for any positive number n.
Round to a given number of significant figures.

Develop a range of strategies for mental


calculation.
Derive unknown facts from those they know.
Convert between ordinary and standard index
form representations, converting to standard
index form to make sensible estimates for
calculations involving multiplications and/or
division.
Add and subtract mentally numbers with up to
one decimal place.
Multiply and divide numbers with no more than
one decimal digit, using the commutative,
associative, and distributive laws and
factorisation where possible, or place value
adjustments.

HN1.1, HN2.1, HN5.4,


HN5.5, HN6I, HN6.1,
HN6.5
HA1I, HN2I, HN2.1,
HN2.2, HN6I, HN6.1,
HN6.3
HN2.4, HN2.5, HA2.3,
HA2.4, HN6.3
HN5.4, HN5.5

HN2.2, HD6I
HN1.1, HN2.4, HN6.3

Division by decimal (up to 2 d.p.) by division


HN2.5, HN6.4
using an integer.
Understand where to position the decimal point HN2.3, HN2.5, HN6.4
by considering what happens if they multiply
equivalent fractions, e.g. given thatwork out .
Use efficient methods to calculate with fractions,
including cancelling common factors before
carrying out the calculation, recognising that, in
many cases, only a fraction can express the
exact answer.

HN3.2, HN3.3, HN3.4,


HN3.5, HN7.1

Solve percentage problems, including


percentage increase and decrease.

HN4I, HN4.5, HN7.3,


HN7.4, HN7.5

Reverse percentages.
Solve word problems about ratio and proportion,
including using informal strategies and the unitary
method of solution.

HN8.5, HN7.5
HN4.1, HN4.2, HN4.3,
HN4.5, HN8I, HN8.1,
HN8.2, HN8.3, HN8.4

Represent proportional changes using a


multiplier raised to a power.
Calculate an unknown quantity from quantities
that vary in direct or inverse proportion.

HN7.4

Calculate with standard index form.

HN5.4, HN5.5

Use surds and pi in exact calculations, without a


calculator.
Rationalise a denominator such as 1/3 = 3/3.

HN6.2

HN4.2, HN4.3, HN4.5

Use calculators effectively and efficiently,


knowing how to enter complex calculations.

HN3.4, HN5.3, HN6.1,


HN6.2, HN6.3, HN6.4,
HN6.5
Use an extended range of function keys,
HS8.1, HS8.2, HS8.3,
including trigonometrical and statistical functions HS8.4, HS8.5
relevant across this programme of study.

Enter a range of calculations, including those


HN6.5
involving measures.
Understand the calculator display, knowing when HN3.4, HN6.5, HS6.2
to interpret the display, when the display has
been rounded by the calculator, and not to round
during the intermediate steps of a calculation.
Use calculators, or written methods, to calculate
the upper and lower bounds of calculations,
particularly when working with measurements.

HN6.5

Use standard index form display and know how


to enter numbers in standard index form.
Use calculators for reverse percentage
calculations by doing an appropriate division.
Use calculators to explore exponential growth
and decay, using a multiplier and the power key.

HN5.4, HN5.5
HN8.5, HN7.5

Draw on their knowledge of operations and


inverse operations (including powers and roots),
and of methods of simplification (including
factorisation and the use of the commutative,
associative and distributive laws of addition,
multiplication and factorisation) in order to select
and use suitable strategies and techniques to
solve problems and word problems, including
those involving ratio and proportion repeated
proportional change, fractions, percentages and
reverse percentages, inverse proportion, surds,
measures and conversion between measures,
and compound measures defined within a
particular situation.

HN4.2, HN4.3, HN4.4,


HN4.5, HN7.4, HS6.5,
HN8.1, HN8.2, HN8.3,
HN8.4, HN8.5, HN6.2,
HN7.5

Check and estimate answers to problems.

HA1.5, HN2.1, HN2.2,


HN2.3, HN2.4, HN2.5,
HN6I, HN6.1, HN6.2,
HN6.3, HN6.4

Select and justify appropriate degrees of


accuracy for answers to problems.
Recognise limitations on the accuracy of data
and measurements.
Distinguish the different roles played by letter
symbols in algebra, using the correct notational
conventions for multiplying or dividing by a given
number, and knowing that letter symbols
represent definite unknown numbers in
equations, defined quantities or variables in
formulae, general, unspecified and independent
numbers in identities, and in functions they define
new expressions or quantities by referring to
known quantities.

HN4.3, HS4.4, HN6.2,


HS6.2
HN6.5

Understand that the transformation of algebraic


entities obeys and generalises the well-defined
rules of generalised arithmetic.
Manipulate algebraic expressions by collecting
like terms, multiplying a single term over a
bracket and taking out common factors, factorise
quadratic expressions, including the difference of
two squares, and cancel common factors in
rational expressions.

HA1.1, HA1.2, HA1.3,


HA2.1, HA5.3, HA5.4,
HA5.5
HA1.1, HA1.2, HA1.4,
HA1.5, HA6I, HA6.2

Expand the product of two linear expressions.

HA1.3, HA6I

HA1.1, HA1.2, HA1.3,


HA2I, HA5.1, HA5.2

Know the meaning of and use the words


equation, formula, identity and expression.

HA5.1

Use index notation for simple positive integer


powers, and simple instances of index laws.
Substitute positive and negative numbers into
expressions such as 3x + 4 and 2x.
Set up simple equations.

HA1.1, HN5.2

Solve simple equations by using inverse


operations or by transforming both sides in the
same way.
Solve linear equations in one unknown, with
integer coefficients, in which the unknown
appears on either side or on both sides of the
equation.

HA2.2, HA2.3, HS7I,


HA2.1, HA6.1

Solve linear equations that require prior


simplification of brackets, including those that
have negative signs occurring anywhere in the
equation, and those with a negative solution.

HA2.3, HA5I, HA6.1

Use formulae from mathematics and other


subjects.

HN4.4, HA5I, HA5.1,


HA5.3, HA5.4, HA5.2,
HA5.5
HA3I, HA3.2, HA5.1

Substitute numbers into a formula.

HA7I, HA7.2, HA7.3


HA1.3, HA6.1, HA6.3,
HA6.5, HA2.2, HA2.3

HA2.3, HA2.4, HA6I

Change the subject of a formula including cases


where the subject occurs twice and where a
power of the subject appears.
Generate a formula.

HA5.3, HA5.4, HS8I

Set up and use equations to solve word and


other problems involving direct proportion or
inverse proportion and relate algebraic solutions
to graphical representation of the equations.

HN4.2, HN4.5, HA8.3,


HA8.4

Find the exact solutions of simultaneous


equations in two unknowns by eliminating a
variable and interpret the equations as lines and
their common solution as the point of
intersection.

HA6.4, HA6.5, HA7.3

Solve linear inequalities in one variable, and


represent the solution set on a number line.
Solve several linear inequalities in two variables
and find the solution set.

HA2.5

HA5.2, HA5.5

Solve quadratic equations by factorisation,


completing the square and using the quadratic
formula.

HA6.2

Solve exactly, by elimination of an unknown, two


simultaneous equations in two unknowns, one of
which is linear in each unknown, and the other is
linear in one unknown and quadratic in the other,
or where the second is of the form x + y = r.
Use systematic trial and improvement to find
approximate solutions of equations where there
is no simple analytical method of solving them.

HA6.3

Generate terms of a sequence using term-to-term HA3.2


and position-to-term definitions of the sequence.
Generate common integer sequences (including
sequences of odd or even integers, squared
integers, powers of 2, powers of 10, triangular
numbers).

HA3I, HA3.1, HA3.5

Use linear expressions to describe the nth term


of an arithmetic sequence, justifying its form by
reference to the activity or context from which it
was generated.

HA3.3, HA3.4, HA3.5

Use the conventions for coordinates in the plane. HA4I, HS7I, HA4.2,
HA4.1, HS4.5
Plot points in all four quadrants.

HA4I, HS7I, HA4.2

Recognise (when values are given for m and c) HA4.1, HA4.2, HA7I
that equations of the form y = mx + c correspond
to straight-line graphs in the coordinate plane.
Plot graphs of functions in which y is given
explicitly in terms of x, or implicitly.

HA4.1, HA4.2, HA4.3,


HS3I, HA7I

Find the gradient of lines given by equations of


the form y = mx+ c (when values are given for m
and c).
Understand that the form y = mx+c represents a
straight line and that m is the gradient of the lines
and c is the value of y intercept.

HA4.3, HA4.4, HA8I,


HA8.4
HA4.3, HA4.4, HA4.5,
HS3I, HA7I, HA8I,
HA8.4

Explore the gradients of parallel lines and lines


perpendicular to each other.
Construct linear functions and plot the
corresponding graphs arising from real-life
functions.
Discuss and interpret graphs modelling real
situations.

HA4.2, HA4.4, HA4.5


HA4.1, HA8.1, HA8.2,
HA8.3, HA8.4
HA4.1, HD5I, HA8.1,
HA8.2, HA8.3, HA8.4,
HA8.5
HA7.1, HA8.5

Generate points and plot graphs of simple


quadratic functions, then more general quadratic
functions.
Find approximate solutions of a quadratic
HA7.1, HA7.4, HA8.5
equation from the graph of the corresponding
quadratic function.
Find the intersection points of the graphs of a
HA7.4, HA7.5
linear and quadratic function, knowing that these
are the approximate solutions of the
corresponding simultaneous equations
representing the linear and quadratic functions.
Plot graphs of simple cubic functions, the
HA7.2, HA7.4, HA7.5
reciprocal function y = 1/x with x 0, the
exponential function y = kx for integer values of x
and simple positive values of k, the circular
functions y = sinx and y = cosx, using a
spreadsheet or graph plotter as well as pencil
and paper.
Recognise the characteristic shapes of all these
functions.

HA7.2, HA7.4, HA7.1

Apply to the graph of y = f(x) the transformations


y = f(x) + a, y = f(ax), y = f(x + a), y = af(x) for
linear, quadratic, sine and cosine functions f(x).
Construct the graphs of simple loci including the
circle x + y = r for a circle of radius r centred at
the origin of coordinates.
Find graphically the intersection points of a given
straight line with this circle and know that this
corresponds to solving the two simultaneous
equations representing the line and the circle.
Distinguish between lines and line segments.

HS4.5

Use parallel lines, alternate angles and


corresponding angles.

HS2I, HS2.1

Understand the consequent properties of


HS2.2
parallelograms and a proof that the angle sum of
a triangle is 180 degrees.
Understand a proof that the exterior angle of a
HS2.2
triangle is equal to the sum of the interior angles
at the other two vertices.
Use angle properties of equilateral, isosceles and HS4.1, HS4.3
right-angled triangles.
Explain why the angle sum of a quadrilateral is
360 degrees.

HS2.2

Use their knowledge of rectangles,


HS1.2, HS4.2, HS1.1
parallelograms and triangles to deduce formulae
for the area of a parallelogram, and a triangle,
from the formula for the area of a rectangle.
Recall the essential properties of special types of HS4.2
quadrilateral, including square, rectangle,
parallelogram, trapezium and rhombus.
Classify quadrilaterals by their geometric
properties.

HS4.2

Calculate and use the sums of the interior and


HS2I, HS2.2
exterior angles of quadrilaterals, pentagons and
hexagons.
Calculate and use the angles of regular polygons. HS2.2
Understand and use SSS, SAS, ASA and RHS
conditions to prove the congruence of triangles
using formal arguments, and to verify standard
ruler and compass constructions.

HS4.1

Understand, recall and use Pythagoras theorem HS4.3, HS4.4, HS4.5,


in 2-D, then 3-D problems.
HS6.3, HS8I, HS8.4,
HS8.5
Investigate the geometry of cuboids including
HS4.5
cubes, and shapes made from cuboids, including
the use of Pythagoras theorem to calculate
lengths in three dimensions.
Understand similarity of triangles and of other
plane figures, and use this to make geometric
inferences.

HS7.5, HS8.1, HS7.4

Understand, recall and use trigonometrical


HS5.1, HS8.1, HS8.2,
relationships in right-angled triangles, and use
HS8.3, HS8.4, HS8.5
these to solve problems, including those involving
bearings, then use these relationships in 3-D
contexts, including finding the angles between a
line and a plane (but not the angle between two
planes or between two skew lines).
Calculate the area of a triangle using absinC.
Draw, sketch and describe the graphs of
trigonometric functions for angles of any size,
including transformations involving scalings in
either or both the x and y directions.
Use the sine and cosine rules to solve 2-D and 3D problems.
Recall the definition of a circle and the meaning HS1.3, HS2.3, HS2.5,
of related terms, including centre, radius, chord, HS1.4
diameter, circumference; tangent, arc, sector and
segment.
Understand that the tangent at any point on a
circle is perpendicular to the radius at that point.

HS2.5

Understand and use the fact that tangents from HS2.5


an external point are equal in length.
Explain why the perpendicular from the centre to
a chord bisects the chord.
Understand that inscribed regular polygons can
be constructed by equal division of a circle.
Prove and use the facts that the angle subtended HS2.3, HS2.4
by an arc at the centre of a circle is twice the
angle subtended at any point on the
circumference, the angle subtended at the
circumference by a semicircle is a right angle,
that angles in the same segment are equal, and
that opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral sum
to 180 degrees.
Prove and use the alternate segment theorem.
Use 2-D representations of 3-D shapes and
HS1.5, HS6I, HS6.1
analyse 3-D shapes through 2-D projections and
cross-sections, including plan and elevation.

Solve problems involving surface areas and


volumes of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones
and spheres.
Solve problems involving more complex shapes
and solids, including segments of circles and
frustums of cones.
Understand that rotations are specified by a
centre and an (anticlockwise) angle.
Use any point as the centre of rotation.

HS1.5, HS6.2, HS6.3

Measure the angle of rotation using right angles,


simple fractions of a turn or degrees.
Understand that reflections are specified by a
mirror line.
Understand that translations are specified by a
distance and direction (or a vector), and
enlargements by a centre and a positive scale
factor.

HS3.2

HS3.2, HS3.4
HS3.2, HS3.4

HS3.1, HS3.4
HS3.3, HS3.4, HS7.1,
HS7.2, HS7.3

Recognise and visualise rotations, reflections and HS3.1, HS3.2, HS3.3,


translations, including reflection symmetry of 2-D HS4I, HS4.1, HS4.2,
and 3-D shapes, and rotation symmetry of 2-D
HS3.4
shapes.
Transform triangles and other 2-D shapes by
translation, rotation and reflection, and
combinations of these transformations.
Use congruence to show that translations,
rotations and reflections preserve length and
angle, so that any figure is congruent to its image
under any of these transformations.

HS3.1, HS3.2, HS3.3,


HS3.5

Distinguish properties that are preserved under


particular transformations.
Recognise, visualise and construct enlargements
of objects.
Understand from this that any two circles and any
two squares are mathematically similar, while, in
general, two rectangles are not, then use positive
fractional and negative scale factors.

HS3.1, HS3.2, HS3.3,


HS4.1, HS7.4
HS7.1, HS7.2, HS7.3

Recognise that enlargements preserve angle but


not length.
Identify the scale factor of an enlargement as the
ratio of the lengths of any two corresponding line
segments.
Understand the implications of enlargement for
perimeter.
Use and interpret maps and scale drawings.

HS7.1, HS7.2, HS7.3,


HS7.4
HS7.1, HS7.2, HS7.3,
HS7.4

HS3.1, HS3.2, HS3.3,


HS4.1

HS7.4, HS7.5, HS7.2,


HS7.3

HS7.1, HS7.2, HS7.3,


HS7.4
HS5.1, HS5.5

Understand the difference between formulae for HS6.4


perimeter, area and volume by considering
dimensions.
Understand and use the effect of enlargement on
areas and volumes of shapes and solids.
Understand that one coordinate identifies a point HD2I, HA4I, HS3I,
on a number line, two coordinates identify a point HS4.5
in a plane and three coordinates identify a point
in space, using the terms 1-D, 2-D, and '3-D'.
Use axes and coordinates to specify points in all
four quadrants.
Locate points with given coordinates.

HD2I, HA4I, HS3I,


HS4.5
HD2I, HA4I, HS3I,
HS4.5
HS4.5

Find the coordinates of points identified by


geometrical information.
Find the coordinates of the midpoint of the line
HS4.5
segment AB, given points A and B then calculate
the length AB.
Understand and use vector notation.
HS3.3
Calculate, and represent graphically the sum of
two vectors, the difference of two vectors and a
scalar multiple of a vector.
Calculate the resultant of two vectors.
Understand and use the commutative and
associative properties of vector addition.
Solve simple geometrical problems in 2-D using
vector methods.
Use angle measure.
Know that measurements using real numbers
depend on the choice of unit.
Recognise that measurements given to the
nearest whole unit may be inaccurate by up to
one half in either direction.
Convert measurements from one unit to another.

HS5I, HS5.1, HS8.5


HN6.5
HN6.5

HS1I, HN4.4, HS6.4

Understand and use compound measures,


HN4.4, HS6.5, HA8I,
including speed and density.
HA8.1
Draw approximate constructions of triangles and HS5I, HS5.2
other 2-D shapes using a ruler and protractor,
given information about their side lengths and
angles.

Understand, from their experience of constructing HS4.1, HS5.2


them, that triangles satisfying SSS, SAS, ASA
and RHS are unique, but SSA triangles are not.
Construct specified cubes, regular tetrahedra,
square-based pyramids and other 3-D shapes.
Use a straight edge and compasses to do
standard constructions, including an equilateral
triangle with a given side, the midpoint and
perpendicular bisector of a line segment, the
perpendicular from a point to a line, the
perpendicular from a point on a line and the
bisector of an angle.

HS5I, HS5.2, HS5.3,


HS5.4

Calculate perimeters and areas of shapes made


from triangles and rectangles.
Find the surface area of simple shapes by using
the area formulae for triangles and rectangles.

HS1I, HS1.1, HA5.2,


HS6I
HS1I, HS1.5, HS6.3

Find volumes of cuboids, recalling the formula


and understanding the connection to counting
cubes and how it extends this approach.
Calculate volumes of right prisms and of shapes
made from cubes and cuboids.
Convert between area measures, including
square centimetres and square metres, and
volume measures, including cubic centimetres
and cubic metres.

HN4.4, HS6.2

Find circumferences of circles and areas


enclosed by circles, recalling relevant formulae.

HS1.3, HS6I

Calculate the lengths of arcs and the areas of


sectors of circles.
Find loci, both by reasoning and by using ICT to
produce shapes and paths.
See that random processes are unpredictable.

HS1.4

Identify key questions that can be addressed by


statistical methods.
Discuss how data relate to a problem, identify
possible sources of bias and plan to minimise it.

HD1I, HD1.1, HD1.2

Identify which primary data they need to collect


and in what format, including grouped data,
considering appropriate equal class intervals.

HD1I, HD1.1, HD1.3

HA5.2, HS6.2, HS6.3


HS1I, HS6.4

HS5.5
HD3.1, HD3.2, HD3.3,
HD3.4, HD3.5

HD1.1, HD1.2

Select and justify a sampling scheme and a


method to investigate a population, including
random and stratified sampling.
design an experiment or survey;
decide what primary and secondary data to use

HD1.2

HD1I, HD1.1, HD1.2,


HD1.3
HD1I, HD1.1, HD1.2,
HD1.3

collect data using various methods, including


HD1I, HD1.1, HD1.2,
observation, controlled experiment, data logging, HD1.3
questionnaires and surveys
gather data from secondary sources, including
HD1I, HD1.3
printed tables and lists from ICT-based sources

Design and use two-way tables for discrete and


grouped data.
Deal with practical problems such as nonresponse or missing data.
Draw and produce, using paper and ICT, pie
charts for categorical data, and diagrams for
continuous data, including line graphs for time
series, scatter graphs, frequency diagrams and
stem-and-leaf diagrams, cumulative frequency
tables and diagrams, box plots and histograms
for grouped continous data.

HD1.3, HD3.3

Understand and use estimates or measures of


probability from theoretical models (including
equally likely outcomes) or from relative
frequency.

HD3.1, HD3.3, HD3.4,


HD3.5, HD6.1

List all outcomes for single events, and for two


successive events, in a systematic way.
Identify different mutually exclusive outcomes
and know that the sum of the probabilities of all
these outcomes is 1.
Find the median, quartiles and interquartile range
for large data sets and calculate the mean for
large data sets with grouped data.

HD3.1, HD3.2, HD6.1,


HD6.2
HD3.1, HD3.2, HD6.1

Calculate an appropriate moving average.

HD4.5

HD1.2, HD3.3
HD2.1, HD2.3, HD2.4,
HD2.5, HD4.1, HD4.3,
HD4.4, HD4.5, HD5.1,
HD5.2, HD5.3, HD5.4,
HD5.5

HD1.4, HD1.5, HD2.3,


HD2.5, HD4.1, HD4.2,
HD5.1, HD5.2, HD5.3,
HD5.4, HD5.5

Know when to add or multiply two probabilities: if HD3.2, HD6.1, HD6.2,


A and B are mutually exclusive, then the
HD6.4, HD6.5
probability of A or B occurring is P(A) + P(B),
whereas if A and B are independent events, the
probability of A and B occurring is P(A) P(B).
Use tree diagrams to represent outcomes of
HD6.3, HD6.4, HD6.5
compound events, recognising when events are
independent.
Draw lines of best fit by eye, understanding what HD2.2, HA8.4
these represent.
Use relevant statistical functions on a calculator
or spreadsheet.
HD4.1, HD4.2, HD4.3,
HD5.4, HD3.5, HD6.4,
HD6.5
Relate summarised data to the initial questions. HD1.3, HD1.4, HD1.5,
HD2.1, HD2.2, HD2.4,
HD3.1, HD3.2, HD3.3

Interpret a wide range of graphs and diagrams


and draw conclusions.

HD2.1, HD2.2, HD2.3,


HD2.4, HD4.3, HD5I,
HD5.2, HD5.3, HD5.5

Identify seasonality and trends in time series.

HD4.5

Look at data to find patterns and exceptions.

HD2.3, HA8.4

Compare distributions and make inferences,


using the shapes of distributions and measures
of average and spread, including median and
quartiles.

HD2.4, HD4.3, HD5.3,


HD5.5

Understand frequency density.


Consider and check results and modify their
approach if necessary.
Appreciate that correlation is a measure of the
strength of the association between two
variables.
Distinguish between positive, negative and zero
correlation using lines of best fit.
Appreciate that zero correlation does not
necessarily imply no relationship but merely no
linear relationship.

HD1I, HD1.1
HD2.1

HD2.2
HD2.1

Use the vocabulary of probability to interpret


results involving uncertainty and prediction.

HD2.2, HD3.1, HD3.4

Compare experimental data and theoretical


probabilities.
Understand that if they repeat an experiment,
they may and usually will get different
outcomes and that increasing sample size
generally leads to better estimates of probability
and population parameters.

HD3.3, HD3.4, HD3.5,


HD6.1
HD1.2, HD3.5

Interpret social statistics including index


numbers, time series and survey data.

HD4.4, HD4.5

Higher Plus ref


H+N1.1, H+N1.2

H+N2.3
H+N2.3, H+N1.2
H+N1I, H+N1.4, H+N1.5,
H+A1I

H+N5.2, H+N5.4, HS4I


H+N5.1, H+N5.2
H+N1I, H+N1.1, H+N1.2,
H+N1.3, H+N5I
H+N3.1
H+N3.1
H+N3.2
H+N3.3
H+N5.3

H+N2.5, H+N3.3, H+N4.1

H+N2.5, H+N3.5, H+N2.4,


H+N3.4
H+N3.5, H+N3.4, H+N2.4,
H+N4.4
H+N4I, H+N4.5, H+S3.5

H+N1.1, H+N1.2, H+N2.3

H+N1.4
H+N2.3

H+N6.1, H+N6.4
H+N1.1, H+N5.1, H+N5.2

H+N5.2

H+A3.1, H+N5I, H+N5.5,


H+N6.1, H+N6.4, H+S5I,
H+D5I
H+N3I, H+N3.1, H+N4I,
H+N4.1, H+D2I
H+N4.1
H+N2.4, H+N3.1, H+A2I,
H+A2.4, H+A2.5, H+N3I,
H+D3I, H+D6I
H+N2.4, H+N3I, H+N3.2,
H+D3I
H+N3.2, H+N6.2

H+N3.2, H+N3.3
H+N3.1
H+N2.4, H+A2I, H+N3I,
H+N3.1, H+D3I, H+D6I
H+N3I, H+N3.3
H+N2.4, H+N3.4

H+N2.4, H+N3.4, H+N3.5,


H+N4.4
H+N3.5
H+N4I, H+N4.5
H+N5I, H+N5.2

H+N2I, H+N2.1, H+N6.1,


H+S8.4
H+N2I, H+N2.4, H+D6I

H+N2.5, H+N2.4
H+N1.2, H+N1.3, H+N6.1

H+N2.4
H+N2.4, H+N5.5

H+N2.4, H+N2.5, H+N6.1,


H+N6.4
H+N2.4, H+N2.5, H+N6.4

H+N2.5, H+N3.1, H+N6.4

H+N3.4, H+N4.4, H+N2.5

H+N3.5
H+N4I, H+N4.1, H+N4.4,
H+N4.5, H+A9I, H+A9.1,
H+A9.2, H+A9.3, H+A9.4
H+N4.4
H+N4.2, H+N4.3, H+A9.1,
H+A9.2, H+A9.3, H+A9.4,
H+N4.4
H+N1.2, H+N1.3, H+N6.4
H+N5.3, H+N5.4, H+N6.2
H+N5.3, H+N5.4, H+N6.2
H+N2.1, H+N2.5, H+N5.4,
H+N6.5
H+S4.2, H+S4.3, H+S4.4,
H+N6.5, H+S5.1, H+S5.2,
H+S5.3, H+S5.4, H+S5.5,
H+S8.1, H+S8.2, H+S8.3,
H+S8.4, H+S8I

H+N6.3
H+S4.5, H+N6.5, H+S6.3,
H+N6I

H+N2.2, H+N6.3

H+N1.3, H+N5I, H+N6.5,


H+N1.2, H+N6I
H+N3.5
H+A9.5

H+N4.4, H+N4.5, H+A9.1,


H+A9.2, H+A9.3, H+A9.4,
H+N3.5, H+N4.1, H+N4.2,
H+N4.3, H+N4.4

H+N2.1, H+N2.4, H+N2.5,


H+N4.1, H+N6.1, H+N6.4

H+N2.1, H+N6.3, H+S5.1,


H+N2.5
H+N6.3, H+N2.2
H+A1.1, H+A1.2, H+A2.1,
H+N4.2, H+N4.3, H+A5.1,
H+A5.2, H+A5.4, H+A5.5,
H+A6.1, H+A9.1

H+N5.5, H+A1.1, H+A1.2

H+A1.2, H+A1.3, H+A1.4,


H+A1.5, H+A2I, H+A2.3,
H+A2.4, H+A3I

H+A1.2

H+A5.1

H+A1.1
H+A1I, H+A2I, H+A3I,
H+A8I, H+A8.1, H+A8.2
H+A2.1, H+A2.2, H+A2.3,
H+A6I, H+A6.1, H+A7I
H+A2.1, H+A2.2, H+A2.3,
H+S4I, H+S5I, H+A5I,
H+D4I
H+A2.1, H+A2.2, H+A2.5,
H+S6I

H+A2.1, H+A2.5

H+N4.3, H+A5I, H+A5.1,


H+A5.2, H+A5.3, H+A5.5,
H+A6.1
H+A3I, H+A5I, H+A5.1,
H+A5.5
H+A5.2, H+A5.3

H+A5.1, H+A5.5, H+S6.1,


H+A9.1, H+A9.2, H+A9.3
H+A9.1, H+A9.2, H+A9.3,
H+A9.4

H+A6.2, H+A8.3

H+A4.4, H+A4.5, H+A6.5


H+A4.5, H+A6I

H+A3.4, H+A3.5, H+A6I,


H+A6.1, H+A7I, H+A7.1,
H+A7.2, H+A7.3, H+A7.4,
H+A7.5
H+A6.3, H+A8.5

H+A3I, H+A3.1

H+A3.1

H+A3.1, H+A3.2, H+A3.3

H+A4.1, H+A4.4, H+A4.5,


H+A6.4, H+A7.4, H+A8.1
H+A4.1, H+A4.4, H+A4.5,
H+A6.4, H+A7.4, H+A8.1,
H+A8.2, H+A8.3
H+A4.1, H+A4.2

H+A4.2, H+A4.3, H+A8.1,


H+A8.2, H+A8.3
H+A4.2

H+A4.1, H+A4.2, H+A4.3,


H+A8I

H+A4.1, H+A4.3
H+A9.1, H+A9.2, H+A9.3,
H+A9.4, H+A9.5
H+A9I, H+A9.1, H+A9.2,
H+A9.3, H+A9.4, H+A9.5
H+A8.1, H+A8.3, H+A10I,
H+S8I
H+A6.3, H+A7.4, H+A7.5,
H+A8.1, H+A10I
H+A4.2, H+A4.3, H+A6.3,
H+A8.3, H+A8.4, H+A8.5

H+A8.1, H+A8.2, H+S8.1,


H+S8.2, H+A9.5

H+A8.1, H+A8.2, H+A9.5,


H+A10I, H+A10.1,
H+A10.5, H+S8.1, H+S8.2
H+A10.1, H+A10.2,
H+A10.3, H+A10.4,
H+A10.5
H+A6.4, H+A8I, H+A8.5

H+A6.4, H+A8.5

H+S4.1, H+S7.1

H+S2.1, H+S2.2, H+S2.3,


H+S2.4, H+S2.5, H+S3.4,
H+S7.1, H+S7.3, H+S7.4,
H+S7.5
H+S6.2

H+S3.1

H+S6.2, H+S1.2, H+S6.3

H+S6.2, H+S7I, H+A4I

H+S7I
H+S2I

H+S1.3, H+S7I
H+S3.1, H+S3.2

H+S1.3, H+S4.1, H+S4.5,


H+S5.1, H+S5.5, H+S5I,
H+S6I
H+S5.5

H+S3.2, H+S3.4, H+S3.5,


H+A5.5, H+S6.2

H+S4.2, H+S4.3, H+S4.4,


H+S4.5, H+S5.1, H+S5.4,
H+S5.5

H+S6.2, H+S6.3
H+S8.1, H+S8.2, H+S8.3,
H+S8.4, H+S8.5

H+S5.2, H+S5.3, H+S5.4,


H+S6.3
H+S1.1, H+S2.1, H+S2.3,
H+S1I

H+S2.3

H+S2.3
H+S2.3

H+S2.1, H+S2.2, H+S2.5

H+S2.4
H+S1.2, H+S1.3, H+S1.4,
H+S3.5, H+S6.4, H+S6.5

H+S1.2, H+S1.3, H+S1.4,


H+S1.5, H+S6.4, H+S6.5,
H+S1I
H+S1.5, H+S6.4, H+S6.5,
H+S6.3
H+S3I
H+S3I
H+S3I
H+S3I
H+S3.3, H+S7.1, H+A10I

H+S5I, H+S7I

H+S3I

H+S3.1

H+S3.1
H+S3.3
H+S3.3, H+S3.4

H+S3.3
H+S3.3, H+S3.4

H+S3.3, H+S3.4
H+S3.5

H+S6.1

H+S3.5
H+S5.5, H+S4.1, H+S3I,
H+A6.5, H+A4I, H+A4.1,
H+A4.4

H+S4.1, H+S3I, H+A4I


H+S4.1, H+S3I, H+A4I
H+S4.1
H+S4.1

H+S7.1, H+S7.2, H+S7.3,


H+A10I
H+S7.1, H+S7.2, H+S7.3

H+S7.2
H+S7.3, H+S7.4
H+S7.4, H+S7.5
H+S5.4
H+S6.1
H+N2.2, H+N6.3

H+S6.1
H+N6.3
H+S3.2

H+S3.1

H+S3.2

H+S1.3, H+S4.5, H+S6.2,


H+S6.3, H+S6I
H+S1.3, H+S6.1, H+S6.4,
H+S6.5, H+S1I
H+S6.1, H+S1I

H+S1.2, H+S1.3, H+S6.1,


H+S1I
H+S6.1

H+S1.2, H+S1I

H+S1.1

H+D1.1, H+D3.2

H+D1.2, H+D1.4, H+D3.2


H+D1.1, H+D1.2, H+D1I

H+D1.5, H+D1.3, H+D2.2,


H+D1.1, H+D1.2, H+D2.1

H+D1.1, H+D1.2

H+D1.1, H+D3.2, H+D1I


H+D1.1, H+D1.2, H+D2.1,
H+D1.4, H+D1.5, H+D1I
H+D1.1, H+D1.2, H+D1.4,
H+D1.5, H+D3.1, H+D3.2,
H+D1I
H+D2.2, H+D2.3, H+D3.1,
H+D3.2, H+D3.3, H+D3.4,
H+D4.1, H+D4.2, H+D4.3,
H+D5.5, H+D1I
H+D6.5, H+D3.2, H+D3.5
H+D4.4, H+D5.3
H+D2I, H+D2.1, H+D2.2,
H+D2.3, H+D2.4, H+D2.5,
H+D4.1, H+D4.2, H+D4.3,
H+D4.4, H+D4.5, H+D5.1,
H+D5.2, H+D5.3, H+D5.4,
H+D5.5

H+D3.2, H+D3.3

H+D3.4, H+D3.5, H+D6.1,


H+D6.5
H+D3.1, H+D6.2

H+D1.3, H+D1.4, H+D1.5,


H+D2.1, H+D2.3, H+D2.4,
H+D2.5, H+D4.1

H+D4.3

H+D3.1, H+D3.4, H+D3.5,


H+D6.2

H+D6.1, H+D6.2, H+D6.3,


H+D6.4
H+D4.5

H+D4.2, H+D4.3, H+D4.4,


H+D5.4, H+D3.3, H+D3.4,
H+D5.2, H+D6.5, H+D5.5,
H+D2.5
H+D2I, H+D2.2, H+D2.3,
H+D2.4, H+D5.5, H+D4.5

H+D4.3, H+D4.4
H+D4.3, H+D4.4, H+D4.5,
H+D5.4, H+D5.5
H+D2.5, H+D4.1, H+D4.2,
H+D5.4, H+D5.5, H+D1.4

H+D5.1, H+D5.2, H+D5.3,


H+D5.4
H+D1.1
H+D4.5

H+D4.5
H+D4.5

H+D4.4, H+D5.5, H+D3.2,


H+D3.3, H+D4.5
H+D3.2, H+D3.3
H+D1.1, H+D3.3

H+D5.5