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Prepared by Ngozi Nateeah E S Flemming

The eaves of a roof is the lowest edge which overhangs the wall, thus giving the
wall a degree of protection, it also provides the fixing medium for the rainwater
gutter. The amount of projection from the wall of the eaves is a matter of choice but
is generally in the region of 300 450mm.
Two basic types of eaves are used, open eaves and closed eaves. The former is a
cheap method, the rafters being left exposed on the underside and should be
treated with a preservative. The space between the rafters and the roof covering is
filled with brickwork, a process called beam filling and a continuous triangular fillet
is fixed over the backs of the rafters to provide the support for the bottom course of
slates or tiles.
The closed eaves is where the feet of the rafters are boxed in using a vertical board
called a fascia and the space between the fascia and the wall being filled in with a
soffit board, the brick wall being terminated above the soffit level.

You are to draw details of eaves depicting:
1. Open eaves
2. Closed eaves