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Program Description:

"MONORAIL13" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of either S-shape or

W-shape underhung monorail beams analyzed as simple-spans with or without overhangs (cantilevers).

Specifically, the x-axis and y-axis bending moments as well as any torsion effects are calculated. The actual and

allowable stresses are determined, and the effect of lower flange bending is also addressed by two different

approaches.

This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc

S-shaped Monorail Beam

W-shaped Monorail Beam

Monorail beam analysis for S-shaped beams

Monorail beam analysis for W-shaped beams

1. The following references were used in the development of this program:

a. Fluor Enterprises, Inc. - Guideline 000.215.1257 - "Hoisting Facilities" (August 22, 2005)

b. Dupont Engineering Design Standard: DB1X - "Design and Installation of Monorail Beams" (May 2000)

c. American National Standards Institute (ANSI): MH27.1 - "Underhung Cranes and Monorail Syatems"

d. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) 13th Edition Allowable Stress Design (ASD) Manual (2005)

e. "Allowable Bending Stresses for Overhanging Monorails" - by N. Stephen Tanner AISC Engineering Journal (3rd Quarter, 1985)

f. Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) - Publication No. 74 "Specifications for Top Running & Under Running Single Girder Electric Traveling Cranes

Utilizing Under Running Trolley Hoist" (2004)

g. "Design of Monorail Systems" - by Thomas H. Orihuela Jr., PE (www.pdhengineer.com)

h. British Steel Code B.S. 449, pages 42-44 (1959)

i. USS Steel Design Manual - Chapter 7 "Torsion" - by R. L. Brockenbrough and B.G. Johnston (1981)

j. AISC Steel Design Guide Series No. 9 - "Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members" by Paul A. Seaburg, PhD, PE and Charlie J. Carter, PE (1997)

k. "Technical Note: Torsion Analysis of Steel Sections" - by William E. Moore II and Keith M. Mueller AISC Engineering Journal (4th Quarter, 2002)

2. The unbraced length for the overhang (cantilever) portion, 'Lbo', of an underhung monorail beam is often debated.

The following are some recommendations from the references cited above:

a. Fluor Guideline 000.215.1257: Lbo = Lo+L/2

b. Dupont Standard DB1X: Lbo = 3*Lo

c. ANSI Standard MH27.1: Lbo = 2*Lo

d. British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 2*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam restrained at support)

British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 3*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam unrestrained at support)

e. AISC Eng. Journal Article by Tanner: Lbo = Lo+L (used with a computed value of 'Cbo' from article)

3. This program also determines the calculated value of the bending coefficient, 'Cbo', for the overhang (cantilever)

portion of the monorail beam from reference "e" in note #1 above. This is located off of the main calculation page.

Note: if this computed value of 'Cbo' is used and input, then per this reference the total value of Lo+L should be

used for the unbraced length, 'Lbo', for the overhang portion of the monorail beam.

4. This program ignores effects of axial compressive stress produced by any longitudinal (traction) force which is

usually considered minimal for underhung, hand-operated monorail systems.

5. This program contains comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of

input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a

red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view

"MONORAIL13.xls" Program

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

For S-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang

Per AISC 13th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)

Project Name:

Client:

Project No.:

Prep. By:

Date:

###

###

###

Input:

###

ta =

RL(min)=-0.73 kips

RR(max)=9.13 kips

=

Monorail Size:

L=17 ft.

Lo=3 ft.

Select: S12x50

Cxo =

x=8.313ft.

Design Parameters:

Cx1 =

S=9 in.

Beam Fy =

36

Czo =

ksi

Beam Simple-Span, L = 17.0000 ft.

Cz1 =

S12x50

Unbraced Length, Lb = 17.0000 ft.

Section Ratios and

Bending Coef., Cb =

1.00

bf/(2*tf) =

Pv=7.4 kips

Overhang Length, Lo = 3.0000 ft.

Nomenclature

h/tw =

Unbraced Length, Lbo = 11.5000 ft.

Shape Factor X =

Bending Coef., Cbo =

1.00

S12x50 Member Properties:

Lifted Load, P = 6.000 kips

A = 14.60 in.^2

Zx = 60.90 in.^3

Trolley Weight, Wt = 0.400 kips

d = 12.000 in.

Iy = 15.60 in.^4

Hoist Weight, Wh = 0.100 kips

tw = 0.687 in.

Sy =

5.69

in.^3

Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =

15

%

bf = 5.480 in.

ry = 1.030 in.

Horz. Load Factor, HLF =

10

%

tf = 0.659 in.

Zy = 10.30 in.^3

Total No. Wheels, Nw =

4

k= 1.440 in.

J = 2.770 in.^4

Wheel Spacing, S = 9.0000 in.

Ix = 303.00 in.^4

Cw = 501.0 in.^6

Distance on Flange, a = 0.3750 in.

Sx = 50.60 in.^3

wt / ft. =

50.0

plf

For Lo > 0 (with ove

Support Reactions: (with overhang)

RR(max) =

Results:

RR(max) =

9.13

RL(min) =

= Pv*(L+(Lo-(S/12)/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2

RL(min) =

-0.73

Bending Moments fo

= -Pv*(Lo-(S/12)/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)

Parameters and Coefficients:

x=

Pv = 7.400 kips

Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)

Mx =

Pw = 1.850 kips/wheel Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)

My =

Ph = 0.600 kips

Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)

Lateral Flange Bend

ta = 0.493 in.

ta = tf-bf/24+a/6 (for S-shape)

e=

= 0.156

= 2*a/(bf-tw)

at =

Cxo = -1.096+1.095*+0.192*e^(-6.0*)

Cxo = -0.850

Mt =

Cx1 = 3.965-4.835*-3.965*e^(-2.675*)

Cx1 = 0.600

Czo = -0.981-1.479*+1.120*e^(1.322*)

Czo = 0.165

Design Chapter

Cz1 = 1.810-1.150*+1.060*e^(-7.70*)

Cz1 = 1.948

kc =

Bending Moments for Simple-Span:

Lp =

x = 8.313 ft.

x = 1/2*(L-(S/12)/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)

rts =

Mx = 31.88 ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)

c=

My =

2.44

My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2

R1 =

ft-kips

R2 =

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:

(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) Lr =

e = 6.000 in.

e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)

R3 =

at = 21.641

at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi

fbx =

Mt =

0.29

Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12

Is Lb<=Lp?

ft-kips

Fbx =

X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:

Fbx =

fbx =

7.56

fbx = Mx/Sx

Fbx =

ksi

Lr = 24.91 ft.

(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)

Use: Fbx =

Fbx = 19.25 ksi

Eqn. F2-2 Controls

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

(continued)

08/30/2016

03:03:53

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_7/328145103.xls

328145103.xls

Page 3

of 8

"MONORAIL13.xls" Program

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

fby =

5.14

ksi

fwns =

1.21

ksi

fby(total) =

6.35

ksi

Fby = 34.49 ksi

fby = My/Sy

fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)

fby(total) = fby+fwns

Eqn. F6-1 Controls

S.R. = 0.577

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

fby =

fwns =

fby(total) =

Fby =

fby <= Fby, O.K.

Fby =

Fcr =

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

S.R. =

Pv = 6.500 kips

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)

(max) = 0.1412 in.

(max) = Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S/12)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)

Pv =

(ratio) = L/1445

(ratio) = L*12/(max)

(max) =

(allow) = 0.4533 in.

(allow) = L*12/450

Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

(allow) =

Bending Moments for Overhang:

Mx = 19.65 ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2

Mx =

My =

1.58

My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))

My =

ft-kips

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:

(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) e =

e = 6.000 in.

e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)

at =

at = 21.641

at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi

Mt =

Mt =

0.57

Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12

ft-kips

Design Chapter

X-axis Stresses for Overhang:

kc =

fbx =

4.66

fbx = Mx/Sx

Lp =

ksi

Lr = 24.91 ft.

(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)

rts =

Fbx = 22.15 ksi

Eqn. F2-2 Controls

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

R1 =

Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:

R2 =

fby =

3.32

fby = My/Sy

Lr =

ksi

fwns =

2.41

fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)

R3 =

ksi

fby(total) =

5.74

fby(total) = fby+fwns

fbx =

ksi

Fby = 34.49 ksi

Eqn. F6-1 Controls

fby <= Fby, O.K.

Fbx =

Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:

Fbx =

S.R. = 0.377

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Use: Fbx =

Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)

Mrx =

Pv = 6.500 kips

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)

S.R. =

(max) = 0.0715 in.

(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)

(ratio) = L/503

(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)

fby =

(allow) = 0.0800 in.

(allow) = Lo*12/450

Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

fby(total) =

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):

Fby =

be = 7.908 in.

Min. of: be = 12*tf or S (effective flange bending length)

Fby =

tf2 = 0.859 in.

tf2 = tf+(bf/2-tw/2)/2*(1/6) (flange thk. at web based on 1:6 slope of flange)

Fby =

am = 1.815 in.

am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf2) (where: k-tf2 = radius of fillet)

Fcr =

Mf = 2.664 in.-kips

Mf = Pw*(am-a)

Use: Fby =

Sf = 0.572 in.^3

Sf = be*tf^2/6

fb =

4.65

fb = Mf/Sf

S.R. =

ksi

Fb = 32.40 ksi

Fb = 0.9*Fy

fb <= Fb, O.K.

Pv =

(continued)

08/30/2016

03:03:53

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_7/328145103.xls

328145103.xls

Page 4

of 8

"MONORAIL13.xls" Program

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:

xo =

xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2

-6.46

ksi

zo =

zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2

1.25

ksi

(ratio) =

(allow) =

be =

tf2 =

am =

S-shape

Mf =

Trolley

Sf =

Wheel

fb =

Fb =

x1 =

x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2

4.56

ksi

z1 = 14.82 ksi

z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:

x2 =

x2 = -xo

6.46

ksi

z2 =

z2 = -zo

-1.25

ksi

Pw

fbxo =

7.56

ksi

fbyo =

0.64

ksi

z =

9.15

ksi

x =

-4.85

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

to = 12.31 ksi

fbyo = My*(tw/2)/Iy

z = fbxo+fbyo+0.75*zo

x = 0.75*xo

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

fbx1 =

7.56

ksi

fby1 =

4.44

ksi

z =

23.11

ksi

x =

3.42

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

t1 = 21.60 ksi

fby1 = My*(bf/2-a)/Iy

z = fbx1+fby1+0.75*z1

x = 0.75*x1

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

fbx2 =

6.74

ksi

fby2 =

0.64

ksi

z =

6.45

ksi

x =

4.85

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

t2 =

5.81

ksi

fbx2 = Mx*(d/2-tf)/Ix

fby2 = My*(tw/2)/Iy

z = fbx2+fby2+0.75*z2

x = 0.75*x2

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Y

xo =

zo =

Pw

Local Flange Bendin

x1 =

z1 =

x2 =

z2 =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

fbxo =

fbyo =

z =

x =

xz =

to =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

fby1 =

z =

x =

xz =

t1 =

fbx2 =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

z =

x =

xz =

t2 =

tw

X

Pw

Pw

tf

Point 2

Point 0

08/30/2016

03:03:53

Point 1

tw/2

ta

bf/4

bf

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_7/328145103.xls

328145103.xls

Page 5

of 8

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

For W-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang

Per AISC 13th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)

Project Name:

Client:

Project No.:

Prep. By:

Date:

###

###

###

Input:

###

ta =

RL(min)=-0.73 kips

RR(max)=9.13 kips

=

Monorail Size:

L=17 ft.

Lo=3 ft.

Select: W12x50

Cxo =

x=8.313 ft

Design Parameters:

Cx1 =

S=9 in.

Beam Fy =

36

Czo =

ksi

Beam Simple-Span, L = 17.0000 ft.

Cz1 =

W12x50

Unbraced Length, Lb = 17.0000 ft.

Section Ratios and

Bending Coef., Cb =

1.00

bf/(2*tf) =

Pv=7.4 kips

Overhang Length, Lo = 3.0000 ft.

Nomenclature

h/tw =

Unbraced Length, Lbo = 11.5000 ft.

Shape Factor X =

Bending Coef., Cbo =

1.00

W12x50 Member Properties:

Lifted Load, P = 6.000 kips

A = 14.60 in.^2

Zx = 71.90 in.^3

Trolley Weight, Wt = 0.400 kips

d = 12.200 in.

Iy = 56.30 in.^4

Hoist Weight, Wh = 0.100 kips

tw = 0.370 in.

Sy = 13.90 in.^3

Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =

15

%

bf = 8.080 in.

ry = 1.960 in.

Horz. Load Factor, HLF =

10

%

tf = 0.640 in.

Zy = 21.30 in.^3

Total No. Wheels, Nw =

4

k= 1.140 in.

J = 1.710 in.^4

Wheel Spacing, S = 9.0000 in.

Ix = 391.00 in.^4

Cw = 1880.0 in.^6

Distance on Flange, a = 0.3750 in.

Sx = 64.20 in.^3

wt / ft. =

50.0

plf

For Lo > 0 (with ove

Support Reactions: (with overhang)

RR(max) =

Results:

RR(max) =

9.13

RL(min) =

= Pv*(L+(Lo-(S/12)/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2

RL(min) =

-0.73

Bending Moments fo

= -Pv*(Lo-(S/12)/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)

Parameters and Coefficients:

x=

Pv = 7.400 kips

Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)

Mx =

Pw = 1.850 kips/wheel Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)

My =

Ph = 0.600 kips

Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)

Lateral Flange Bend

ta = 0.640 in.

ta = tf (for W-shape)

e=

= 0.097

= 2*a/(bf-tw)

at =

Cxo = -2.110+1.977*+0.0076*e^(6.53*)

Cxo = -1.903

Mt =

Cx1 = 10.108-7.408*-10.108*e^(-1.364*)

Cx1 = 0.535

X-axis Stresses for

Czo = 0.050-0.580*+0.148*e^(3.015*)

Czo = 0.192

Design Chapter

Cz1 = 2.230-1.490*+1.390*e^(-18.33*)

Cz1 = 2.319

kc =

Bending Moments for Simple-Span:

Lp =

x = 8.313 ft.

x = 1/2*(L-(S/12)/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)

rts =

Mx = 31.88 ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)

c=

My =

2.44

My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2

R1 =

ft-kips

R2 =

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:

(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) Lr =

e = 6.100 in.

e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)

R3 =

at = 53.354

at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi

fbx =

Mt =

0.67

Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12

Is Lb<=Lp?

ft-kips

Fbx =

X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:

Fbx =

fbx =

5.96

fbx = Mx/Sx

Fbx =

ksi

Lr = 31.31 ft.

(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)

Fbx =

Fbx = 20.69 ksi

Eqn. F2-2 Controls

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

(continued)

08/30/2016

03:03:53

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_7/328145103.xls

328145103.xls

Page 6

of 8

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

fby =

2.11

ksi

fwns =

1.16

ksi

fby(total) =

3.27

ksi

Fby = 33.03 ksi

Mrx =

S.R. =

fby = My/Sy

fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)

fby(total) = fby+fwns

Eqn. F6-1 Controls

S.R. = 0.387

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

fby =

fwns =

fby <= Fby, O.K.

Fby =

Fby =

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Fcr =

Use: Fby =

Pv = 6.500 kips

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)

(max) = 0.1094 in.

(max) = Pv/2*(L-(S/12))/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-(S/12))/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)

S.R. =

(ratio) = L/1865

(ratio) = L*12/(max)

(allow) = 0.4533 in.

(allow) = L*12/450

Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

(max) =

(ratio) =

Bending Moments for Overhang:

(allow) =

Mx = 19.65 ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-(S/12)))+w/1000*Lo^2/2

My =

1.58

My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S/12))

ft-kips

Mx =

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:

(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) My =

e = 6.100 in.

e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)

at = 53.354

at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi

e=

Mt =

1.41

Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12

at =

ft-kips

Mt =

X-axis Stresses for Overhang:

fbx =

3.67

fbx = Mx/Sx

Design Chapter

ksi

Lr = 31.31 ft.

(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)

kc =

Fbx = 22.84 ksi

Eqn. F2-2 Controls

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

rts =

Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:

c=

fby =

1.36

fby = My/Sy

R1 =

ksi

fwns =

2.43

fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)

R2 =

ksi

fby(total) =

3.79

fby(total) = fby+fwns

Lr =

ksi

Fby = 33.03 ksi

Eqn. F6-1 Controls

fby <= Fby, O.K.

fbx =

Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:

Is Lb<=Lp?

S.R. = 0.276

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Fbx =

Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)

Fbx =

Pv = 6.500 kips

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)

Fbx =

(max) = 0.0554 in.

(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)

Fbx =

(ratio) = L/650

(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)

Use: Fbx =

(allow) = 0.0800 in.

(allow) = Lo*12/450

Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

S.R. =

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):

be = 7.680 in.

Min. of: be = 12*tf or S (effective flange bending length)

fby =

am = 3.355 in.

am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf) (where: k-tf = radius of fillet)

fwns =

Mf = 5.513 in.-kips

Mf = Pw*(am-a)

fby(total) =

Sf = 0.524 in.^3

Sf = be*tf^2/6

Fby =

fb = 10.52 ksi

fb = Mf/Sf

Fby =

Fb = 32.40 ksi

Fb = 0.90*Fy

fb <= Fb, O.K.

Fcr =

Use: Fby =

Combined Stress R

Vertical Deflection fo

Bending Moments fo

(continued)

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03:03:53

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328145103.xls

Page 7

of 8

Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.

Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.

Version 1.3

S.R. =

Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):

xo =

xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2

-8.60

ksi

zo =

zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2

0.87

ksi

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:

x1 =

x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2

2.42

ksi

z1 = 10.47 ksi

z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2

be =

tf2 =

am =

Mf =

Sf =

fb =

Fb =

x2 =

x2 = -xo

8.60

ksi

z2 =

z2 = -zo

-0.87

ksi

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:

fbxo =

5.96

ksi

fbyo =

0.10

ksi

z =

6.71

ksi

x =

-6.45

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

to =

11.39

ksi

Vertical Deflection fo

Pv =

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compression)

(ratio) =

(allow) =

fbyo = My*(tw/2)/Iy

z = fbxo+fbyo+0.75*zo

x = 0.75*xo

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

fbx1 =

5.96

ksi

fby1 =

1.91

ksi

z = 15.72 ksi

x =

1.81

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

t1 = 14.90 ksi

fby1 = My*(bf/2-a)/Iy

z = fbx1+fby1+0.75*z1

x = 0.75*x1

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

fbx2 =

5.34

ksi

fby2 =

0.10

ksi

z =

4.79

ksi

x =

6.45

ksi

xz =

0.00

ksi

t2 =

5.80

ksi

fbx2 = Mx*(d/2-tf)/Ix

fby2 = My*(tw/2)/Iy

z = fbx2+fby2+0.75*z2

x = 0.75*x2

xz = 0 (assumed negligible)

t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

xo =

zo =

x1 =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

x2 =

z2 =

Local Flange Bendin

fbxo =

fbyo =

z =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

xz =

to =

fbxo =

fbyo =

z =

x =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

t1 =

fbx2 =

fby2 =

z =

x =

xz =

t2 =

W18X55

tw

X

Pw

W18X50

Pw

W18X46

W18X40

W18X35

Point 2

W16X100

W16X89

W16X77

W16X67

tf

Point 0

W16X57

W16X50

Point 1

W16X45

bf

W16X40

W16X36

08/30/2016

03:03:53

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328145103.xls

Page 8

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