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"MONORAIL13" --- MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"MONORAIL13" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of either S-shape or
W-shape underhung monorail beams analyzed as simple-spans with or without overhangs (cantilevers).
Specifically, the x-axis and y-axis bending moments as well as any torsion effects are calculated. The actual and
allowable stresses are determined, and the effect of lower flange bending is also addressed by two different
approaches.
This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
S-shaped Monorail Beam
W-shaped Monorail Beam

This documentation sheet


Monorail beam analysis for S-shaped beams
Monorail beam analysis for W-shaped beams

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. The following references were used in the development of this program:
a. Fluor Enterprises, Inc. - Guideline 000.215.1257 - "Hoisting Facilities" (August 22, 2005)
b. Dupont Engineering Design Standard: DB1X - "Design and Installation of Monorail Beams" (May 2000)
c. American National Standards Institute (ANSI): MH27.1 - "Underhung Cranes and Monorail Syatems"
d. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) 13th Edition Allowable Stress Design (ASD) Manual (2005)
e. "Allowable Bending Stresses for Overhanging Monorails" - by N. Stephen Tanner AISC Engineering Journal (3rd Quarter, 1985)
f. Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) - Publication No. 74 "Specifications for Top Running & Under Running Single Girder Electric Traveling Cranes
Utilizing Under Running Trolley Hoist" (2004)
g. "Design of Monorail Systems" - by Thomas H. Orihuela Jr., PE (www.pdhengineer.com)
h. British Steel Code B.S. 449, pages 42-44 (1959)
i. USS Steel Design Manual - Chapter 7 "Torsion" - by R. L. Brockenbrough and B.G. Johnston (1981)
j. AISC Steel Design Guide Series No. 9 - "Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members" by Paul A. Seaburg, PhD, PE and Charlie J. Carter, PE (1997)
k. "Technical Note: Torsion Analysis of Steel Sections" - by William E. Moore II and Keith M. Mueller AISC Engineering Journal (4th Quarter, 2002)
2. The unbraced length for the overhang (cantilever) portion, 'Lbo', of an underhung monorail beam is often debated.
The following are some recommendations from the references cited above:
a. Fluor Guideline 000.215.1257: Lbo = Lo+L/2
b. Dupont Standard DB1X: Lbo = 3*Lo
c. ANSI Standard MH27.1: Lbo = 2*Lo
d. British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 2*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam restrained at support)
British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 3*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam unrestrained at support)
e. AISC Eng. Journal Article by Tanner: Lbo = Lo+L (used with a computed value of 'Cbo' from article)
3. This program also determines the calculated value of the bending coefficient, 'Cbo', for the overhang (cantilever)
portion of the monorail beam from reference "e" in note #1 above. This is located off of the main calculation page.
Note: if this computed value of 'Cbo' is used and input, then per this reference the total value of Lo+L should be
used for the unbraced length, 'Lbo', for the overhang portion of the monorail beam.
4. This program ignores effects of axial compressive stress produced by any longitudinal (traction) force which is
usually considered minimal for underhung, hand-operated monorail systems.
5. This program contains comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of
input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a
red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view

the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


For S-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang
Per AISC 13th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Project Name:
Client:
Project No.:
Prep. By:
Date:

###
###
###
Input:
###
ta =
RL(min)=-0.73 kips
RR(max)=9.13 kips
=
Monorail Size:
L=17 ft.
Lo=3 ft.
Select: S12x50
Cxo =
x=8.313ft.
Design Parameters:
Cx1 =
S=9 in.
Beam Fy =
36
Czo =
ksi
Beam Simple-Span, L = 17.0000 ft.
Cz1 =
S12x50
Unbraced Length, Lb = 17.0000 ft.
Section Ratios and
Bending Coef., Cb =
1.00
bf/(2*tf) =
Pv=7.4 kips
Overhang Length, Lo = 3.0000 ft.
Nomenclature
h/tw =
Unbraced Length, Lbo = 11.5000 ft.
Shape Factor X =
Bending Coef., Cbo =
1.00
S12x50 Member Properties:
Lifted Load, P = 6.000 kips
A = 14.60 in.^2
Zx = 60.90 in.^3
Trolley Weight, Wt = 0.400 kips
d = 12.000 in.
Iy = 15.60 in.^4
Hoist Weight, Wh = 0.100 kips
tw = 0.687 in.
Sy =
5.69
in.^3
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
15
%
bf = 5.480 in.
ry = 1.030 in.
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
10
%
tf = 0.659 in.
Zy = 10.30 in.^3
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
4
k= 1.440 in.
J = 2.770 in.^4
Wheel Spacing, S = 9.0000 in.
Ix = 303.00 in.^4
Cw = 501.0 in.^6
Distance on Flange, a = 0.3750 in.
Sx = 50.60 in.^3
wt / ft. =
50.0
plf
For Lo > 0 (with ove
Support Reactions: (with overhang)
RR(max) =
Results:
RR(max) =
9.13
RL(min) =
= Pv*(L+(Lo-(S/12)/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2
RL(min) =
-0.73
Bending Moments fo
= -Pv*(Lo-(S/12)/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)
Parameters and Coefficients:
x=
Pv = 7.400 kips
Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)
Mx =
Pw = 1.850 kips/wheel Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
My =
Ph = 0.600 kips
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
Lateral Flange Bend
ta = 0.493 in.
ta = tf-bf/24+a/6 (for S-shape)
e=
= 0.156
= 2*a/(bf-tw)
at =
Cxo = -1.096+1.095*+0.192*e^(-6.0*)
Cxo = -0.850
Mt =
Cx1 = 3.965-4.835*-3.965*e^(-2.675*)
Cx1 = 0.600
Czo = -0.981-1.479*+1.120*e^(1.322*)
Czo = 0.165
Design Chapter
Cz1 = 1.810-1.150*+1.060*e^(-7.70*)
Cz1 = 1.948
kc =
Bending Moments for Simple-Span:
Lp =
x = 8.313 ft.
x = 1/2*(L-(S/12)/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)
rts =
Mx = 31.88 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
c=
My =
2.44
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2
R1 =
ft-kips
R2 =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) Lr =
e = 6.000 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
R3 =
at = 21.641
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
fbx =
Mt =
0.29
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
Is Lb<=Lp?
ft-kips
Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
Fbx =
fbx =
7.56
fbx = Mx/Sx
Fbx =
ksi
Lr = 24.91 ft.
(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)
Use: Fbx =
Fbx = 19.25 ksi
Eqn. F2-2 Controls
fbx <= Fbx, O.K.
(continued)

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328145103.xls

Page 3
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"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:


fby =
5.14
ksi
fwns =
1.21
ksi
fby(total) =
6.35
ksi
Fby = 34.49 ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Eqn. F6-1 Controls

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. = 0.577
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

fby =
fwns =
fby(total) =
Fby =
fby <= Fby, O.K.
Fby =
Fcr =
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


S.R. =
Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
(max) = 0.1412 in.
(max) = Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S/12)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)
Pv =
(ratio) = L/1445
(ratio) = L*12/(max)
(max) =
(allow) = 0.4533 in.
(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
(allow) =
Bending Moments for Overhang:
Mx = 19.65 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
Mx =
My =
1.58
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))
My =
ft-kips

Lateral Flange Bend


Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) e =
e = 6.000 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at =
at = 21.641
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
Mt =
0.57
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
ft-kips
Design Chapter
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
kc =
fbx =
4.66
fbx = Mx/Sx
Lp =
ksi
Lr = 24.91 ft.
(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)
rts =
Fbx = 22.15 ksi
Eqn. F2-2 Controls
fbx <= Fbx, O.K.
R1 =
Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:
R2 =
fby =
3.32
fby = My/Sy
Lr =
ksi
fwns =
2.41
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
R3 =
ksi
fby(total) =
5.74
fby(total) = fby+fwns
fbx =
ksi
Fby = 34.49 ksi
Eqn. F6-1 Controls
fby <= Fby, O.K.
Fbx =
Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:
Fbx =
S.R. = 0.377
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
Use: Fbx =
Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)
Mrx =
Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
S.R. =
(max) = 0.0715 in.
(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)
(ratio) = L/503
(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)
fby =
(allow) = 0.0800 in.
(allow) = Lo*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
fby(total) =
Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):
Fby =
be = 7.908 in.
Min. of: be = 12*tf or S (effective flange bending length)
Fby =
tf2 = 0.859 in.
tf2 = tf+(bf/2-tw/2)/2*(1/6) (flange thk. at web based on 1:6 slope of flange)
Fby =
am = 1.815 in.
am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf2) (where: k-tf2 = radius of fillet)
Fcr =
Mf = 2.664 in.-kips
Mf = Pw*(am-a)
Use: Fby =
Sf = 0.572 in.^3
Sf = be*tf^2/6
fb =
4.65
fb = Mf/Sf
S.R. =
ksi
Fb = 32.40 ksi
Fb = 0.9*Fy
fb <= Fb, O.K.
Pv =
(continued)

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328145103.xls

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"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):


Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:
xo =
xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-6.46
ksi
zo =
zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
1.25
ksi

(ratio) =
(allow) =

(Note: torsion is neglected)

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compression)


be =
tf2 =
am =
S-shape
Mf =
Trolley
Sf =
Wheel
fb =
Fb =

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:


x1 =
x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
4.56
ksi
z1 = 14.82 ksi
z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2
Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:
x2 =
x2 = -xo
6.46
ksi
z2 =
z2 = -zo
-1.25
ksi

Pw

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:


fbxo =
7.56
ksi
fbyo =
0.64
ksi
z =
9.15
ksi
x =
-4.85
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
to = 12.31 ksi

fbxo = Mx*(d/2)/Ix = Mx/Sx


fbyo = My*(tw/2)/Iy
z = fbxo+fbyo+0.75*zo
x = 0.75*xo
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


fbx1 =
7.56
ksi
fby1 =
4.44
ksi
z =
23.11
ksi
x =
3.42
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t1 = 21.60 ksi

fbx1 = Mx*(d/2)/Ix = Mx/Sx


fby1 = My*(bf/2-a)/Iy
z = fbx1+fby1+0.75*z1
x = 0.75*x1
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


fbx2 =
6.74
ksi
fby2 =
0.64
ksi
z =
6.45
ksi
x =
4.85
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t2 =
5.81
ksi

fbx2 = Mx*(d/2-tf)/Ix
fby2 = My*(tw/2)/Iy
z = fbx2+fby2+0.75*z2
x = 0.75*x2
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)
Y

xo =
zo =

Pw

Bottom Flange Bend


Local Flange Bendin

x1 =
z1 =
x2 =
z2 =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
fbxo =
fbyo =
z =
x =
xz =
to =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
fby1 =
z =
x =
xz =
t1 =
fbx2 =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
z =
x =
xz =
t2 =

tw
X
Pw

Pw

tf

Point 2
Point 0

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Point 1
tw/2

ta

bf/4
bf

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328145103.xls

Page 5
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"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


For W-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang
Per AISC 13th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Project Name:
Client:
Project No.:
Prep. By:
Date:

###
###
###
Input:
###
ta =
RL(min)=-0.73 kips
RR(max)=9.13 kips
=
Monorail Size:
L=17 ft.
Lo=3 ft.
Select: W12x50
Cxo =
x=8.313 ft
Design Parameters:
Cx1 =
S=9 in.
Beam Fy =
36
Czo =
ksi
Beam Simple-Span, L = 17.0000 ft.
Cz1 =
W12x50
Unbraced Length, Lb = 17.0000 ft.
Section Ratios and
Bending Coef., Cb =
1.00
bf/(2*tf) =
Pv=7.4 kips
Overhang Length, Lo = 3.0000 ft.
Nomenclature
h/tw =
Unbraced Length, Lbo = 11.5000 ft.
Shape Factor X =
Bending Coef., Cbo =
1.00
W12x50 Member Properties:
Lifted Load, P = 6.000 kips
A = 14.60 in.^2
Zx = 71.90 in.^3
Trolley Weight, Wt = 0.400 kips
d = 12.200 in.
Iy = 56.30 in.^4
Hoist Weight, Wh = 0.100 kips
tw = 0.370 in.
Sy = 13.90 in.^3
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
15
%
bf = 8.080 in.
ry = 1.960 in.
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
10
%
tf = 0.640 in.
Zy = 21.30 in.^3
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
4
k= 1.140 in.
J = 1.710 in.^4
Wheel Spacing, S = 9.0000 in.
Ix = 391.00 in.^4
Cw = 1880.0 in.^6
Distance on Flange, a = 0.3750 in.
Sx = 64.20 in.^3
wt / ft. =
50.0
plf
For Lo > 0 (with ove
Support Reactions: (with overhang)
RR(max) =
Results:
RR(max) =
9.13
RL(min) =
= Pv*(L+(Lo-(S/12)/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2
RL(min) =
-0.73
Bending Moments fo
= -Pv*(Lo-(S/12)/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)
Parameters and Coefficients:
x=
Pv = 7.400 kips
Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)
Mx =
Pw = 1.850 kips/wheel Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
My =
Ph = 0.600 kips
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
Lateral Flange Bend
ta = 0.640 in.
ta = tf (for W-shape)
e=
= 0.097
= 2*a/(bf-tw)
at =
Cxo = -2.110+1.977*+0.0076*e^(6.53*)
Cxo = -1.903
Mt =
Cx1 = 10.108-7.408*-10.108*e^(-1.364*)
Cx1 = 0.535
X-axis Stresses for
Czo = 0.050-0.580*+0.148*e^(3.015*)
Czo = 0.192
Design Chapter
Cz1 = 2.230-1.490*+1.390*e^(-18.33*)
Cz1 = 2.319
kc =
Bending Moments for Simple-Span:
Lp =
x = 8.313 ft.
x = 1/2*(L-(S/12)/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)
rts =
Mx = 31.88 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
c=
My =
2.44
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-(S/12)/2)^2
R1 =
ft-kips
R2 =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) Lr =
e = 6.100 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
R3 =
at = 53.354
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
fbx =
Mt =
0.67
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
Is Lb<=Lp?
ft-kips
Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
Fbx =
fbx =
5.96
fbx = Mx/Sx
Fbx =
ksi
Lr = 31.31 ft.
(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)
Fbx =
Fbx = 20.69 ksi
Eqn. F2-2 Controls
fbx <= Fbx, O.K.
(continued)

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328145103.xls

Page 6
of 8

"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:


fby =
2.11
ksi
fwns =
1.16
ksi
fby(total) =
3.27
ksi
Fby = 33.03 ksi

Mrx =
S.R. =
fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Eqn. F6-1 Controls

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. = 0.387
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

Y-axis Stresses for S


fby =
fwns =
fby <= Fby, O.K.
Fby =
Fby =
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
Fcr =
Use: Fby =

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
(max) = 0.1094 in.
(max) = Pv/2*(L-(S/12))/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-(S/12))/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)
S.R. =
(ratio) = L/1865
(ratio) = L*12/(max)
(allow) = 0.4533 in.
(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
(max) =
(ratio) =
Bending Moments for Overhang:
(allow) =
Mx = 19.65 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-(S/12)))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
My =
1.58
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S/12))
ft-kips
Mx =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981) My =
e = 6.100 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at = 53.354
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
e=
Mt =
1.41
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
at =
ft-kips
Mt =
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
fbx =
3.67
fbx = Mx/Sx
Design Chapter
ksi
Lr = 31.31 ft.
(Eqn. F2-6, max. value of Lb for inelastic LTB)
kc =
Fbx = 22.84 ksi
Eqn. F2-2 Controls
fbx <= Fbx, O.K.
rts =
Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:
c=
fby =
1.36
fby = My/Sy
R1 =
ksi
fwns =
2.43
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
R2 =
ksi
fby(total) =
3.79
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Lr =
ksi
Fby = 33.03 ksi
Eqn. F6-1 Controls
fby <= Fby, O.K.
fbx =
Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:
Is Lb<=Lp?
S.R. = 0.276
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
Fbx =
Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)
Fbx =
Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
Fbx =
(max) = 0.0554 in.
(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)
Fbx =
(ratio) = L/650
(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)
Use: Fbx =
(allow) = 0.0800 in.
(allow) = Lo*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
S.R. =
Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):
be = 7.680 in.
Min. of: be = 12*tf or S (effective flange bending length)
fby =
am = 3.355 in.
am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf) (where: k-tf = radius of fillet)
fwns =
Mf = 5.513 in.-kips
Mf = Pw*(am-a)
fby(total) =
Sf = 0.524 in.^3
Sf = be*tf^2/6
Fby =
fb = 10.52 ksi
fb = Mf/Sf
Fby =
Fb = 32.40 ksi
Fb = 0.90*Fy
fb <= Fb, O.K.
Fcr =
Use: Fby =

Combined Stress R

Vertical Deflection fo

Bending Moments fo

Lateral Flange Bend

X-axis Stresses for

Y-axis Stresses for O

(continued)

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"MONORAIL13.xls" Program
Created By: Joel Berg, P.E.
Based on a Spreadsheet By: Alex Tomanovich, P.E.
Version 1.3

S.R. =
Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):

(Note: torsion is neglected)

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:


xo =
xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-8.60
ksi
zo =
zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
0.87
ksi
Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:
x1 =
x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
2.42
ksi
z1 = 10.47 ksi
z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2

Bottom Flange Loca


be =
tf2 =
am =
Mf =
Sf =
fb =
Fb =

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:


x2 =
x2 = -xo
8.60
ksi
z2 =
z2 = -zo
-0.87
ksi
Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:
fbxo =
5.96
ksi
fbyo =
0.10
ksi
z =
6.71
ksi
x =
-6.45
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
to =
11.39
ksi

Vertical Deflection fo

Pv =
(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compression)
(ratio) =
(allow) =

fbxo = Mx*(d/2)/Ix = Mx/Sx


fbyo = My*(tw/2)/Iy
z = fbxo+fbyo+0.75*zo
x = 0.75*xo
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


fbx1 =
5.96
ksi
fby1 =
1.91
ksi
z = 15.72 ksi
x =
1.81
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t1 = 14.90 ksi

fbx1 = Mx*(d/2)/Ix = Mx/Sx


fby1 = My*(bf/2-a)/Iy
z = fbx1+fby1+0.75*z1
x = 0.75*x1
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


fbx2 =
5.34
ksi
fby2 =
0.10
ksi
z =
4.79
ksi
x =
6.45
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t2 =
5.80
ksi

fbx2 = Mx*(d/2-tf)/Ix
fby2 = My*(tw/2)/Iy
z = fbx2+fby2+0.75*z2
x = 0.75*x2
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

xo =
zo =
x1 =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
x2 =
z2 =

Bottom Flange Bend


Local Flange Bendin

Local Flange Bendin

Local Flange Bendin

Resultant Biaxial Str


fbxo =
fbyo =
z =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
xz =
to =

Resultant Biaxial Str


fbxo =
fbyo =
z =
x =
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
t1 =

Resultant Biaxial Str


fbx2 =
fby2 =
z =
x =
xz =
t2 =
W18X55

tw
X

Pw

W18X50

Pw

W18X46

W18X40
W18X35

Point 2

W16X100
W16X89
W16X77
W16X67

tf

Point 0

W16X57
W16X50

Point 1

W16X45

bf

W16X40
W16X36

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