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Name ____________________________________

Date ____________Period _____ Day

1. What is energy? The ability to cause change or
do work

13. What would happen if you added heat

to an ice cube? It would melt into liquid
to liquid water? It would boil and
eventually evaporate into water vapor (gas)

2. What is kinetic energy? Energy of motion

3. What is potential energy? The stored energy
that an object has due to its position, condition,
or chemical composition.
4. What is mechanical energy? The kinetic energy
plus the potential energy due to its position.
5. What is the law of conservation of energy?
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, it
can only be transformed.
6. Heat is a form of.? Energy
7. If something has more heat, does it move faster
or slower? Faster because more energy
8. What are the 3 types of heat transfer; radiation,
conduction and convection? Radiation: the
transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves.
Conduction: the transfer of energy from one
object to another object through direct contact.
Convection: the transfer of energy due to the
movement of liquids and gases.
9. If something is more dense, can it give more or
less pressure? More dense = more pressure
10. If something is less dense, then it has less?
Less dense = less pressure
11. The Earth receives heat and light energy that
travels from the Sun. When you are at the beach
you can feel the warmth from the sun. Which of
the following is the correct classification for this
A. radiation
B. nuclear
C. kinetic
D. electrical
12. What type of heat transfer takes place in a gas?
A. Convection
B. Conduction
C. Radiation
D. Global warming

14. An ice cube is placed inside a metal pot and

placed on a stove. After a period of time, the cube
of ice melts into liquid water and then begins to
evaporate into water vapor. Which of the following
correctly describes the changes in the states of
A. Heat is added to change from liquid to gas, and
then gas to solid.
B. Heat is taken away to change from solid to
liquid, and then liquid to gas.
C. Heat is added to change from solid to liquid,
and then liquid to gas.
D. Heat is taken away to change from liquid to gas,
and then gas to solid.
15. Which heats faster: solids, liquids or gases?
Gases, then solids, then liquids
16. A ball is dropped from height of 1m. The ball
bounces back to height of 0.8m. What happened to
the energy that seems to have been lost in the
system? (11.1)
A. The lost energy was destroyed.
B. The lost energy was destroyed or converted
into thermal energy.
C. The lost energy was converted into sound
D. The lost energy was converted into sound
energy and thermal energy.
17. The kinetic energy of an object depends on the
objects mass and speed. As the objects mass and
speed increases, its kinetic energy also increases.
Which of the following has the most kinetic energy?
A. a trucked parked in a lot
B. a jet airplane flying on the air
C. a kitten running in a room
D. a car driving on a highway
18. When a skateboarder reaches the top of a halfpipe ramp, what type of energy is at its
maximum? (11.1)
A. Mechanical energy
B. Kinetic energy
C. Potential energy

D. Chemical energy
19. What is a force? A push or a pull on an
20. Give two examples of forces acting at a
distance. Electric and magnetic
21. Give an example of a contact force. Friction
22. When the forces on an object produce a net
force of 0 N and do not cause a change in motion of
a moving object, it is called what kind of force?
Balanced Force
23. When the net force on an object is not 0 N and
produces a change in motion, such as a change in
speed or direction is called what kind of force?
Unbalanced Forces
24. When will an object at rest not stay at rest?
When it is acted on by an outside force.
25. When will an object in motion not stay in
motion? When it is acted on by an outside force.
26. John enjoys riding his bike. He peddles with a
force of 200 N against a wind that exerts a force of
50 N. The friction between the tires of the bike and
dirt road is 25 N. What is the net force acting on
Johns bike?
A. 75 N against the wind
B. 125 N against the wind
C. 150 N against the wind
D. 175 N against the wind

C. 120 N; forward
29. A boy pulls a wagon with a force of 10 N east
while another boy pushes the wagon with a force of
10 N east. What is the net force? How will the
wagon move?
A. 10 N east; it will move east
B. 0 N; it will not move
C. 20 N east; it will move east
D. 20 N west; it will move west
30. What is a change in position over time relative
to a reference point? Motion
31. The distance the object travels divided by the
time the object takes to travel that distance is a
measurement for what? Speed
32. On a graph, constant speed is a.? straight
33. A kangaroo hops 60 m to the east in 5 s. What
is the kangaroos average speed? 12 m/s
34. Kira jogs to a store 72 m away in a time of 36 s.
What is Kiras average speed? 2 m/s
35. The diagram below shows forces acting on a
model airplane. Both its speed and height above the
ground are constant. Lift Thrust Drag Weight Which
of the following conditions would cause the model
airplane to descend toward the ground?

27. Mrs. Norris rubbed a balloon on a wool scarf

then holds it over salt. The salt begins to jump.
What is this an example of?
A. Gravity acting at a distance
B. Speed acting at a distance
C. Magnetic force acting at a distance
D. Force acting at a distance
28. A man is walking a dog on a leash. The dog
starts to chase a squirrel, but the man pulls back on
the leash to prevent the dog from running away.
What is the net force on the leash if the dog pulls on
it with a force of 50 N forward and the man pulls on
it with a force of 70 N backward? Which way will
the leash move?
A. 20 N; forward
B. 20 N; backward

A. The lift is equal to the drag.

B. The lift is less than the weight.
C. The thrust is equal to the weight.
D. The thrust is greater than the drag.