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Wood Solutions Fair

February 27, 2013


Glued Laminated Timber An
Innovative and Versatile
Engineered Wood Product
Tom Williamson, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
ASCE Life Member
FASCE, FSEI
Retired Vice President, APA
Former Executive VP, AITC

The Wood Products Council is a Registered Provider with The


American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems
(AIA/CES). Credit(s) earned on completion of this program will be
reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for
both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.

This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional


education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed
or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any
material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using,
distributing, or dealing in any material or product. "
"
Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be
addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.

Learning Objectives

Copyright Materials!
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This presentation is protected by US and


International Copyright laws. Reproduction,
distribution, display and use of the presentation
without written permission of the speaker is
prohibited."
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The Wood Products Council 2013"

#1 To illustrate how the flexibility of glulam sizes and shapes


can help designers meet their most demanding architectural
and structural requirements using modern day examples.
#2 To familiarize designers with how to select and specify
glulam incorporating technology and standards changes that
have occurred in recent years to expand and enhance the use
of glulam as an engineering material.
#3 To provide design professionals with an overview of key
design considerations that must be considered to ensure
both the structural performance and long-term durability of
glulam structures.
#4 To acquaint designers with the unique fire resistive
characteristics of glulam as it influences the use of wood in
commercial building construction.

What is Glulam?

Anatomy of Glued Laminated Timber

Glulam = a structural composite of


lumber and adhesives

Lumber Laminations
Glue Lines

Natural Wood
Characteristics

Glulam One of the Original Glued


Engineered Wood Composites

120 years of use worldwide

End Joints

Original U.S. Glulam Structures


Constructed in 1934

USDA Forest
Products Lab
High School in Wisconsin

Engineering Efficiency

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


efficiency compared to sawn timber

Relative Frequencyy

! High degree of engineering


Glulam
MSR
lumber
Visually
graded
lumber
Material Property Values

Dispersal of Strength
Reducing Characteristics

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


! High degree of engineering

Single Lamination

Glued Laminated Timber

efficiency compared to sawn timber


! Highly efficient use of wood
resource from managed forests

Matching Lumber Quality to


Induced In-Service Stresses

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


! High degree of engineering

efficiency compared to sawn timber


! Highly efficient use of wood
resource compared to sawn timber
! Large dimensions possible

Spans of 100 feet or greater

Oceans Exhibit Indianapolis Zoo


10-3/4 x 72
115 ft. clear span

Large Cross Sections Are Possible


21 x 27 x 110
Note multiple
pieces positioned
side by side
No reduction in
stress values even
if pieces are not
edge bonded and
load is applied
perpendicular to
the wide face

Unmatched Versatility of
Shapes and Spans

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


! High degree of engineering

efficiency compared to sawn timber


! Highly efficient use of wood
resource compared to sawn timber
! Large dimensions possible
! Virtually unlimited versatility in
shapes and spans

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


! High degree of engineering
efficiency compared to sawn timber
! Highly efficient use of wood resource
compared to sawn timber
! Large dimensions possible
! Virtually unlimited versatility in shapes
and spans
! Natural aesthetic appearance of wood

Natural Aesthetics of Glulam

Inherent Benefits of Glulam


! High degree of engineering
efficiency compared to sawn timber
! Highly efficient use of wood resource
compared to sawn timber
! Large dimensions possible
! Virtually unlimited versatility in shapes
and spans
! Natural aesthetic appearance of wood
! Environmentally friendly (green)

Glulam is Environmentally Friendly


Sustainable and Green
! Produced from small dimension lumber harvested
from managed and sustainable forests
! Timber resource utilization
optimized using a wide range
of lumber grades
! Uses a wide variety of species
! Smaller sections required due
to higher strengths
! Manufacturing involves low
energy use process
! Uses low formaldehyde
Engineered Wood = Green
emitting adhesives

Formaldehyde: CARB
Composite Wood Products

Exempt Products
(CARB definition)

!Hardwood plywood
!Particleboard

! Structural plywood (PS1)

!Medium density fiberboard

! Structural composite lumber


(ASTM D5456)

Must meet threshold emission


standards
based on ASTM E1333!

! Oriented strand board (PS2)

! Structural panels (PS2)

! Prefabricated wood I-joists


(ASTM D5055)

!Structural glued laminated


timber (ANSI A190.1)

Glulam Manufacturing Standard


ANSI/AITC A190.1
! Specifies product
qualification and quality
assurance requirements
! Third-party inspection by
an approved agency is
required on an on-going
basis
! Building codes require
that all glulam must bear a
grademark meeting ANSI/
AITC A190.1-07

Lumber Species Used


! Traditional softwoods
Douglas Fir & Southern Pine

Glulam Manufacturing Process


Material
Preparation

Finish
Marking
Shipping

End
Joint
Bonding

Quality
Verification

Adhesives used for glulam must meet:


! ASTM D2559 for Exterior-Use

Spruce/Pine/Fir and Hem-Fir


Alaska Yellow Cedar
Port Orford Cedar

! Hardwoods
! Mixed species layups

Face
Bonding
and
Curing

Glulam Adhesive Specifications

! Other softwoods
! Naturally durable softwoods

Pre-glue
Layup

! ASTM D7247 for heat durability

Finishing for Visual Appearance

Quality Trademarks

Appearance Classifications
! Framing Intended for concealed applications and is
typically available in 3-1/2 & 5-1/2 widths to match
dimensions of 2x4 and 2x6 framing lumber
! Industrial Intended for concealed applications or
where appearance is not of primary importance
! Architectural Used where members are exposed to
view and an attractive finish is desired
! Premium Available only as a custom order where
appearance is of primary importance

Strength is not impacted by appearance classifications

Basic Glulam Design


Considerations
! Type of member / load application
! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Stress modification factors
! Structural analysis
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

Member Type

Column

Simple span beam

Truss member

Cantilever span beam

Unbalanced Layup!

Balanced Layup!

! Unequal capacity
in positive and
negative bending

! Equal capacity in
both positive and
negative bending

! Primarily for use


in simple beams
or short
cantilevers

! Primarily for use


in continuous
beams or long
cantilevers

! Requires 5%
tension lams on
the bottom of the
beam

! Requires 5%
tension lams on
top and bottom of
beam

Tension lamination

Single Grade Layup

Tension lamination

Tension lamination

Loading Orientations
Y

! Same lumber
grade and
species used
throughout
! Primarily for use
in axially loaded
members, such
as columns and
truss chords

Typical use
X-X major axis

X
Y

X
Y

Y
X

Y-Y major axis


! Fbx Fby Ex Ey
Fvx Fvy Fcx Fcy

! Fbx+ Fbx-

Importance of Axis Orientation


Design Properties for 24F-V4 layup
Major Axis (X-X)
Fb = 2,400 psi
E = 1,800,000 psi

Minor Axis (Y-Y)


Fb = 1,500 psi
E = 1,600,000 psi

US Glulam Standards
Development of Design Values
!Design values are derived in accordance
with:

Basic Glulam Design


Considerations
! Type of member / load application
! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Stress modification factors
! Structural analysis
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

ASTM D3737
! Based on the growth
characteristics of lumber
(knots, slope of grain and
density)
! Standardized analysis
procedures to generate all
major design properties
! Allows manufacturers to
use computer models
developed by AITC and APA
to optimize available
resources to achieve high
end performance

ASTM D7341
Based on full-scale
glulam performance tests
in combination with or
without modeling

Sources of Design Properties


2005 NDS Supplement
1. Sawn Lumber Grading Agencies
2. Species Combinations
3. Section Properties
4. Design Values

Lumber and Timber

Non-North American Sawn Lumber

Structural Glued Laminated Timber

MSR and MEL

Full Scale Glulam Beam Tests


The U.S. has the largest
combined full scale
glulam beam database in
the world

NDS Stress Classes


Stress Classes Created for Simplicity

MOE Values

Sources of Design Properties


Industry Standards / ICC Codes

Apparent vs. Shear-Free E


!ANSI 117 Design
Specification
!APA ICC-ESR Code
Report 1940
!Glulam standards
are referenced in the
IBC and IRC codes
shear free E = 1.05 x apparent E

Glulam Design Stresses!


! Conventional glulam beams are rated at:
Fb = 2,400 psi
E = 1.8 x 106 psi
! Higher design stresses also available:
Southern Pine
Fb = 3,000 psi
E = 2.1 x106 psi
LVL hybrid
Fb = 3,000 psi

E = 2.1 x106 psi

Note: E values for glulam are apparent E and include


allowance for shear deflection to simplify deflection
calculations

E-Rated Southern Pine Layup


30F 2.1E Stress Grade
2.3E
No. 1D
No. 2D

No. 2M

No. 2D
No. 1D
2.3E

Limited to nominal
6 inch width or less

LVL Hybrid Glulam with LVL


Outer Laminations
! Full length with no
finger joints required

LVL Hybrid Glulam

LVL Laminations

! LVL has greater


tensile strength
compared to lumber
! 30F-2.1E stress level
achieved

! Evaluated at the APA Research

Center using full scale beam


testing protocol
! Approved for use in the U.S.
by ICC-ESR code reports

! Direct substitute for


many SCL products

Hybrid Glulam vs.


SCL Design Properties
Design
Property!
Fb!
MOE!
Fv!

Hybrid
Glulam!
3000!
2.2 x

106!

300!

FRP Reinforced Glulam

PSL!

LVL!

2900!

2950!

2.0 x

106!

290!

2.1 x

106!

290
!

Design properties for LVL are assumed to represent typical values for LVL
manufacturers holding ICC-ESR reports but may vary between manufacturers.
MOE values are shown as true E

Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP)


Thin Layer
of FRP

Fiberglass
Carbon
Kevlar
Other

Behavior of FRP Reinforced Glulam

AASHTO FRP Reinforced


Glulam Stress Classes

Compression

Stress Class

Tension

30F-2.0E
32F-2.1E
34F-2.1E
36F-2.2E

Fb
3000
3200
3400
3600

MOE
2,000,000
2,100,000
2,100,000
2,200,000

Traditional grades of lumber adequate to resist compression forces


FRP reinforcement acts similar to rebar used in reinforced concrete to
resist tension forces reducing the need for high strength tension lams

FRP Reinforced Glulam Standards

Western Washington University


Small Gym
12-1/4 x 70 x 78 ft.
10-3/4 x 57 x 78 ft.

Natatorium
12-1/4 x 81 x 91 ft.
10-3/4 x 64-1/2 x 91 ft.

Western Washington University


Main Gym
14-1/4 x 90 x 106 ft.
10-3/4 x 75 x 106 ft.

Cost savings for the


FRP glulam beams
was $22,000

Glulam Design: 2005 NDS


2005
1 General Requirements for Building Design
2 Design Values for Structural Members
3 Design Provisions and Equations
4 Sawn Lumber
5 Structural Glued Laminated Timber
6 Round Timber Poles and Piles
7 Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
8 Structural Composite Lumber
9 Wood Structural Panels
10 Mechanical Connections
11 Dowel-Type Fasteners
12 Split Ring and Shear Plate Connectors
13 Timber Rivets
14 Shear Walls and Diaphragms
15 Special Loading Conditions
16 Fire Design of Wood Members

Basic Glulam Design


Considerations
! Type of member / load application
! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Structural analysis
! Stress modification factors
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

Glulam Design: 2005 NDS

Includes both
Allowable Stress
Design (ASD) and
Load and
Resistance Factor
Design (LRFD)

LRFD vs. ASD

Additional Glulam Design References

LRFD and ASD presentation formats are different


Example equations for bending moment:
Simple span beam with uniform load

ASD
Applied stress Allowable stress
fb Fb
M / Sx FbCD

LRFD
Factored Load Factored
Resistance

AITC Timber Construction


Manual
McGraw-Hill APA Engineered
Wood Handbook

Mu M n
Mu Fb KF Sx

End result will be approximately


the same member size for glulam

Basic Glulam Design


Considerations
! Type of member / load application
! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Structural analysis
! Stress modification factors
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

McGraw-Hill Wood Engineering


and Construction Handbook

Adjustments for Basic Design Values


Fb = Fb CD CM Ct (CL or CV) CC
Fv = Fv CD CM Ct
E = E CM Ct
CD = load duration factor
CM = wet-use factor (16% or greater)
Ct = temperature factor
CL = beam stability factor
CV = volume effect factor
CC = curvature factor

Curvature Factor for


Bending Strength

Volume Factor for


Bending Strength

CC = 1- 2000 (t/R)2
t = thickness of lamination (in)
R = radius of curvature of the lamination (in)
Rrec = 27- 6 for all species with t = 1.5
Rrec = 9- 4 for Western species with t = 0.75
Rrec = 7- 0 for Southern pine with t = 0.75
Tighter radius can be achieved by using thinner
laminations but t/R cannot exceed 1/100 for S.P
and 1/125 for other softwood species

Impact of Volume Effect Factor

Size: 8-3/4 x 72 x 100


Cv = 0.82 for S.P.
Cv = 0.68 for other species
Fb = 2400 x .82 = 1968 psi for S.P.

Cv =

21
L

1/x

12
d

1/x

5.125
b

1/x

1.0

L = beam length (ft)


d = beam depth (inches)
b = beam width (inches)
x = 20 for Southern pine
x = 10 for all other species

Basic Glulam Design


Considerations
! Type of member / load application
! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Stress modification factors
! Structural analysis
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

Glulam Layups

Trademark and TOP Stamp


for Unbalanced Layup

Unbalanced Layup
High Strength Outer Compression Lams
Medium Grade Inner Compression Lam
Lower Grade Inner Lams
Medium Grade Inner Compression Lam
High Strength Outer Tension Lams

Trademark

Improper Installation

Unbalanced Layups
Upside Down Bending Stresses
Based on full-size
beam tests
conducted at APA,
the upside down
bending stress is
75% of the normal
bending capacity

Specifying Camber

Specifying Camber

! Glulam can be manufactured with camber


to offset the anticipated dead load deflection
! Very important for long span members

Camber can be specified in inches or as a radius of curvature

Importance of Camber

Stock Beam Camber

12-1/4 x 84
140 ft. clear span
Camber = 8

Length

Spans of 80 feet or more


are common for glulam

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

2000 radius 1/8

1/4

1/4

1/4

3/8

3/8

1/2

3500 radius 1/8

1/8

1/8

1/8

1/4

1/4

1/4

5000 radius

1/8

1/8

1/8

1/8

1/8

1/4

Standard camber to be noted on structural drawings by EOR

Field Notching and Drilling of Glued


Laminated Timber Beams

Notching and Drilling


Problem

Solution

Tension perpendicular
to grain stresses induced

Provide full end grain bearing

EWS S560F

Improper Notching

Possible Reinforcement
for an End Notch in Glulam

Note end notch limitation for glulam

Effects of Vertical Holes


Strength reduction
= 1.5 x hole diameter/beam width
Example:
6-3/4 beam width
1 diameter vertical hole
Reduction = (1.5 x 1.0/6.75)
Reduction = 0.22
Beam has 78% of original strength

Effects of Vertical Holes


3 hole
in 6-3/4
wide
glulam

OOP

Only
1/3rd of
strength
retained

Notching and Drilling

Basic Glulam Design Concepts

Horizontal Hole Drilling

! Type of member / load application


! Determination of allowable design
stresses / layup selection
! Stress modification factors
! Structural analysis
! Special design provisions
! Connection design /detailing

Glulam Connection Design

Connection Design
The NDS design provides
nominal lateral and withdrawal
values for dowel type
connectors (nails, screws,
bolts) and specialty connectors
such as shear plates, split rings
and timber rivets
Allowable = nominal x
adjustment factors
Adjustment factors account for a
wide range of different end use
applications
All applicable to glulam

Local Stresses in Fastener Group


NDS!10.1.2!!)!!Stresses!in!wood!
tension!joints!with!mul8ple!
connectors!!
Addi8onal!!wood!failure!
mechanisms!need!to!be!
considered!in!design!as!covered!
in!Appendix!E!in!addi8on!to!the!
geometry!factor!and!!group!
ac8on!factor!(added!in!the!2001!
NDS)!!
!

Local Stresses in Fastener Groups


Appendix E: NDS Equations

Local Stresses in Fastener Groups

Durability and Long Term


Performance

Appendix E: NDS Equations

! Proper design
! Members
! Connections
! Proper installation
! Use of wet-use (durable) adhesives
! Protection from moisture
! Maintenance

Durability and Long Term


Performance
Strategies for durable glulam construction
!Keep glulam dry
!Focus on design and construction details
!Focus on moisture management

!Use appropriate preservative treatments when


exposed to the elements or
!Specify naturally durable and decay resistive
wood species
!Numerous examples of glulam structures 50-100
years old worldwide

Interior Applications
Durability Not Typically An Issue

Original U.S. Glulam Structure


USDA Forest Products Laboratory

Golf Course Bridge

2009
1934

75 years of
continuous use

Pedestrian Bridge - 105 ft. span

Pedestrian Bridge 120 ft. span

Glulam Arch Highway Bridge


Suspended Deck - Colorado

Glulam Arch Highway Bridge


Elevated Deck - Michigan

Glulam Electric Utility Structures

Tri-Level Highway Bridge


Keystone Wye S.D.

Original
installation
1968
1988

2009
Over 40 years
of exposure
to the elements

Preservative Treatment of Glulam


U.S. Standards
! American Wood Preservers Standard (AWPA U1)
! UC1
! UC2
! UC3
! UC4
! UC5

Interior, dry
Interior, wet
Exterior, above ground
Ground contact
Salt water

Selecting Preservative Treatments


EWS S580C

Insects
Decay and insects
Decay and insects
Decay and insects
Salt water organisms

! American Association of State Highway and


Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
! Above ground
! Ground contact, fresh water
! Ground contact, salt water

U.S. building codes require treatment of exposed glulam

Naturally Durable Species


!Port Orford Cedar
!Alaska Yellow Cedar
!Western Red Cedar
!California Redwood

22F-1.8E
20F-1.5E
16F-1.3E
16F-1.1E

Applicable treatments are a function of species


and whether treatment is before or after gluing

Alaska Yellow Cedar (AYC)


Santa Monica, CA Reservoir Cover

Connection Serviceability Issues


! Temperature not of major importance
! Humidity and moisture major
concerns
! exposed end grain
! contact with concrete or masonry
! moisture entrapment
! ambient conditions / dimensional changes

Connection Serviceability
Issue: direct water ingress
!Re-direct the water flow
around the connection
!Use preservative treated
glulam or durable species

End caps and


flashing used

Effects of Moisture
Issue: direct water ingress into the wood
!Water is absorbed
most quickly
No end caps or flashing used
through wood
end grain

Effects of Moisture
!Seasoning
checking
!Is it of structural
concern?

Examples of Checking

Checking vs. Delamination

Side checks
End
checks

Bottom glue line check

Testing conducted to
evaluate impact of checking
!Guidelines established for
what size checks are OK
without an engineering
analysis
!Published in an Owners
Guide to Checking
!One of the industrys
most widely distributed
publications

!Checking is a natural phenomena associated


with natural drying of the glulam
!Delamination is a deterioration of the glue
bond when exposed to moisture
!The introduction of wet-use (durable)
adhesives in the mid 1940s virtually
eliminated delamination in the U.S.
!This is assured by requiring adhesives to
meet D2559 and by conducting daily quality
control checks using a cyclic delamination
test

Glulam Beam to
Concrete or Masonry
Note steel
bearing
plate

Note gap
at end

! Prevent contact with


masonry
! Use bearing plate
under beam
! Maintain minimum of
air gap at end

Arch Base to Support

Arch Base to Support


Untreated glulam
arches with a
closed shoe
No provision
such as weep
holes to allow
moisture to drain

Arch Base to Support


Note flashing on
top of glulam

Effects of Moisture Changes


on Connections
Sawn timber

24

15-1/4

Note open shoe


allowing water to drain
After 25 years in service

Green

Glulam

8%
12%

8%

Glulam Beam End Bearing

Glulam Beam End Bearing


Solution: allow shrinkage
to occur without inducing
tension perp stresses by
keeping bolts at bottom
Slotted holes

Cracks developing
Note bearing angle
and slight gap at wood

Lessons Learned to Ensure Durable


and Long Life Glulam Structures
! Keep glulam dry whenever possible
! Account for moisture effects

!High moisture

= mold, decay, insect attack


Protect from direct exposure to elements
Use preservative treatments
Use naturally durable species
!Design connections for long term performance
Allow for movement due to moisture changes
Design to avoid moisture entrapment
Avoid direct contact with masonry and concrete

Characteristics of Glulam in Fire


!Wood is an excellent
heat insulator
!Develops a char layer
after fire exposure
!Self-extinguishing
after fire source
removed
!Retains significant
residual strength after
being exposed to fire

10-3/4 x 16-1/2

Glulam vs. Unprotected Steel

Glulam After ASTM E119 Fire Test

Char rate = 1/40 per


minute
or
1-1/2 per hour

Fire Rating for Glulam


Two accepted fire
rating methods
recognized in the U.S.
!IBC Empirical Method
!NDS Mechanics Based
Model
FRT
Flame spread coatings

IBC Methodology
! Empirical calculation protocol
! Based on extensive testing in the
U.S. and other countries using the
ASTM E119 (ISO 834) fire test
protocol
! Beams 3 or 4 sides exposed
! Columns 3 or 4 sides exposed

2005 NDS Methodology

Fire Rated Glulam

! Chapter 16
! Mechanics Based
Model
! Supported by
empirical data

Typical Glulam Beam Layup

Tension Lam Provisions

24F-V4 Doug Fir (12 Lamination Example)

Fire Protection

2 - L2 Dense Grade Outer Comp. Lams


1 - L2 Grade Inner Comp. Lam
6 - L3 Grade Core Lams
1 - L2 Grade Inner Ten. Lam
1- L1 Grade Outer Tension Lams
1- 302-24 Outer Tension Lams

For 1-hour fire rated beam:


substitute additional tension
lam for core lam

Stock Beam Manufacturing


Glulam stock
beams often
used in
residential and
light commercial
construction

Glulam Beams Stored


at Distribution Yards

! Manufactured in long lengths, varying cross-sections,


usually unbalanced, minimal camber

Glulam Beams Shipped to Job Site


Proper handling

Proper storage

Stock Beams - Typical Uses


Roof Beams

Stock Beams - Typical Uses


Garage Door Headers

Stock Beams - Typical Uses

Stock Beams Typical Uses

Simple Span Floor Beams

Continuous Span Floor Beams

Stock Beams - Typical Uses


IJC Beams and Headers

I-Joist Compatible (IJC) Glulam


9-1/2", 11-7/8", 14" & 16" depths
3-1/2", 5-1/2" & 7" widths
Zero or 3500 ft radius camber

Lay-up combinations
24F - 1.8E DF & SP
30F - 2.1E Hybrid
30F - 2.1E SP

Advantage of 3-1/2
and 5-1/2 Widths
No 3/8 OSB or other
filler pieces needed

Frames Flush

2x4$and$2x6$Framing$Width$Compa4ble$

Stock Beams Light Commercial

Stock Beams Light Commercial

Long Span I-Joists and Glulam


in Commercial Roof

Long Span I-Joists and Glulam


in Commercial Roof

I-Joists and Glulam


in Panelized Roof

Axial Loading Combinations


for Glulam Columns

Typical Column Uses

Recommended Layup Combinations


Glulam Loaded In An Axial Condition
As Shown In the NDS Supplement
DOUGLAS FIR
SOUTHERN PINE
ALASKA YELLOW CEDAR

Comb 2
Comb 5
Comb 49
Comb 50
Comb 70
Comb 71

Glulam columns must be 4 lams or more

Custom Beams and Arches

Tall wall framing with glulam columns

Finn Hill Jr. High


Richland, WA

Finn Hill Jr. High


Richland, WA

Bullitt Center
Seattle, WA

Airport Terminal
Victoria, B.C.

Light Rail Transit Center


Vancouver, B.C.

Kingsway Bridge
Burnaby, B.C.

2010 Olympic Skating Oval


Richmond, B.C.

Toronto Ontario Art Gallery

Glulam for Renovation/Rehabilitation


Office Building in Portland, OR

University of Oregon
Football Stadium

Chemical Storage Facility


Portland, OR

LeMay Americas Car Museum


Tacoma, WA

Twin Rink Ice Arena


Anaheim, CA.

Cathedral of Light Oakland, CA

Raleigh Durham Airport

Chicago Bears Football


Practice Facility

USDA Centennial Research Center


Madison, WI

AT&T PARK in San Francisco


Alaska Yellow Cedar
This is all glulam

Shipped fully assembled

Course Evaluations!
In order to maintain high-quality learning experiences, please access
the evaluation for this course by logging into CES Discovery and
clicking on the Course Evaluation link on the left side of the page.

Additional Glulam Information


www.apawood.org
Glulam Product Guide
Case Studies
Technical Notes
Beam and Column Tables
Manufacturer Product Reports
And more

Questions?
This concludes The American
Institute of Architects Continuing
Education Systems Course

Tom Williamson, P.E.


T. Wiliamson Timber Engineering LLC
tomwilliamson@live.com

Wood Products Council

866.966.3448

info@woodworks.org