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SYNOPSIS FOR SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTOR

USING PWM

Submitted To:

Submitted By:

Mr.Arun Kumar Sharma


Lecture of electrical engg. Deptt.

Rajesh kumar
Roll no.3083046
Raman kumar
Roll no.3083047
Rashmi
Roll no.3083048
Sachin jasta
Roll no.3083049
Shivam choudray
Roll no.3083050
Sunil kumar
Roll no.3083051
Suraj kashiv
Roll no.3083052

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

PWM, SPEED BASED STEPPER MOTOR CONTROL

INTRODUCTION:In advance world, Man wants everything fully automatic. To automate the
Machines and automobiles motors play the vast role.
The motors are use in Automobiles and electronic projects. The stepper motor is use
in the sliding door, move the dams flaps and car gears etc. Basically, stepper motors
are use in that places where we needs the countable movements.
In this project, we control the steps of stepper motor in forward and backward
direction. These types of projects can be use in places, for examples, in the doors,
parking, dam and car gears. The stepper motor always moves in steps. It operates on
the 12V DC.

WORKING:This project is use for security and also prevention from the unwanted entries.
Firstly, I introduced you with the parts or modules of the project. It is listed
below:1. Power Supply
2. MCU(Microcontroller unit)
3. LCD(Liquid crystal display)
4. Isolation circuit
5. Stepper Motor
6. Keypad
Power supply is used to gives the 5v supply to MCU modules. In Power Supply we
use a step-down transformer to Step- down the AC 220v to 12v AC. The bridge
rectifier is use to convert AC into DC .But the output of bridge rectifier is not pure
dc .To filtered the output of bridge rectifier uses electrolytic capacitor. Capacitors
output is send to regulator which regulated the output 5V.
The 5v supply output of power supply has two terminals which are connected to
microcontroller module. One is VCC (5v) and other is GROUND (0v).These are
connected to 40 pin and 20 pin of microcontroller respectively. It powers up these all
modules. The microcontroller takes the actions according to codes . LCD display
message to enter the password. You enter the password with the help of switches
which is send zero to microcontroller ports pins. On the basis of sent data,
microcontroller takes action. If password is wrong then it display on the LCD screen.
There are many types of MCU. But we are using the AT89C52 in this
project.AT89C52 has 128 bytes of RAM and 8k ROM which is very sufficient for
programming. MCU is active-low. It has four ports; each has eight pins it means 32
pins are use as Input output pins. LCD has 16 pins which are perform different tasks.
Pins numbers 1,3,16 are ground, 2, 15 are VCC, 4, 5, 6 are selection pins and 7 to 14
are data pins which receives and transmits the data. LCD has 2 row and 16 columns. It
means 2*16 = 32 characters can be write on the LCD at a time.
4

In isolation modules, we use optocouplers which provides isolation between


microcontroller and power amplifier transistors.
There are use two different voltages. One is 5v, it is given to optocouplerss pin 1and
other is 12V connect to emitter of power amplifier transistors. The power amplifier
transistors collectors are connected with coils of stepper motor. Firstly, when speed
enters by authority then microcontroller sends zero to pin2 of optocoupler then in
internal structure IR LED emit the rays which fall on base of phototransistors.
Phototransistors is on and sends zero to the base of power amplifier transistors (power
transistors is PNP which is on when it receives zero) through resistance. Transistors
turn on and 12v dc goes collector of power transistors.12V power supply magnetizes
the Coils and it moves step turn by turn. These movements can be fast and slow corres
At last, by use of these types of projects we can move antennas, doors and dams
flaps.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:-

LCD

POWER SUPPLY

MCU UNIT

ISOLATION CKT

POWER AMP

STEPPER
MOTOR

KEYPAD

APPLICATIONS & USES:1. In offices to implement to door control system.


2. Can be used for automation of dam flaps control.
3. Can be used to control the direction of antennas, etc.

TOOLS/SOFTWARES /COMPONENTS REQUIRED:

KEIL Vision2 Software for programming of Microcontroller.

I.C Programmer and Software for the burning of the Microcontroller.

IR Remote Control.

Components for designing of the embedded part.

Soldering kit.

Measuring Instruments (Multi-meter), etc