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United Nations  •  Department of Economic and Social Affairs  •  Population Division

World Mortality 2015
Crude
Annual
death
number
rate
of deaths
(per
(thousands) 1,000)
(1)
(2)

Mortality indicators
Age distribution of deaths
Probability
of
Life expectancy
Infant
Under-five
Percentage of deaths
at birth (years)
mortality
mortality dying (per 1,000)
(deaths
(deaths
Age
Both
per 1,000
per 1,000 Ages 15
Birth
Under Ages
Ages
65 and
sexes Male Female live births) live births) to 60 to age 70 age 5 5 to 25 25 to 65
older
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)

Country or area1

Cause-specific mortality

2010-2015

World
More developed regions 2
Less developed regions 3
Least developed countries 4
Other developing countries 5
Less developed regions,
excluding China
Sub-Saharan Africa 6
Africa
Eastern Africa
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius7
Mayotte
Mozambique
Réunion
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
South Sudan
Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania8
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Middle Africa
Angola
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe
Northern Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Western Sahara
Southern Africa
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
Western Africa 9
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cabo Verde
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Asia
Eastern Asia
China10
China, Hong Kong SAR11
China, Macao SAR12
China, Taiwan Province of China
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Japan
Mongolia
Republic of Korea
South-Central Asia13
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
India
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Maldives
Nepal
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Malaysia14
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Viet Nam
Western Asia
Armenia
Azerbaijan15
Bahrain
Cyprus16
Georgia17
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait

AIDSrelated
deaths
(14)

Maternal
mortality ratio
(maternal deaths
per 100,000
live births)
(15)

2014

2015

55 893
12 479
43 414
7 670
35 744
33 717

7.8
10.0
7.4
8.5
7.2
7.5

70
78
69
62
70
67

68
75
67
61
68
65

73
81
71
64
72
69

36
5
39
57
33
44

50
6
54
86
45
61

153
112
161
240
151
190

342
226
370
482
350
409

12.5
0.7
15.9
33.5
12.1
19.8

5.3
0.8
6.5
12.1
5.3
8.0

29.2
22.0
31.3
28.5
31.9
32.7

53.0
76.4
46.3
25.9
50.7
39.6

1 181 700
..
..
..
..
..

216
12
238
436
174
..

9 594
10 931
3 276
121
6
7
34
730
376
157
138
9
1
308
5
82
1
126
134
370
362
146
164
1 676
328
261
71
187
39
765
9
15
1
1 337
195
541
33
191
303
72
3
743
16
31
17
662
18
3 899
98
168
3
298
17
237
123
22
38
181
31
174
2 269
92
86
64
30 054
11 488
9 492
43
3
160
227
1 271
17
275
13 038
259
860
5
9 413
359
150
37
1
180
1 349
136
46
40
203
4 233
1
94
1 789
46
141
436
648
24
521
8
525
1 294
27
66
3
8
47
178
41
27
9

10.6
9.8
8.9
11.7
7.7
8.7
6.9
7.8
8.7
6.9
8.6
7.3
2.5
11.8
5.5
7.5
7.6
12.4
12.0
10.2
7.3
9.7
11.1
11.9
14.2
11.9
15.2
14.5
9.0
10.7
11.0
9.0
7.1
6.3
5.1
6.2
5.3
5.7
7.9
6.6
5.6
12.2
7.5
14.9
7.3
12.5
14.1
11.8
9.6
10.0
5.5
13.9
9.0
9.2
10.4
12.4
9.0
11.0
8.1
9.6
13.3
6.6
14.1
9.3
7.0
7.2
7.0
6.0
4.8
6.9
9.2
10.0
6.2
5.5
7.1
8.6
5.5
6.3
7.4
4.7
8.9
6.4
3.8
6.5
7.5
6.7
5.7
7.8
7.0
6.9
3.0
6.3
7.2
7.0
4.8
8.3
6.7
4.5
7.7
7.0
5.8
5.3
9.0
7.0
2.3
6.8
11.5
5.3
5.3
3.9
2.5

57
60
61
56
63
62
63
63
61
65
61
74
79
55
80
63
73
55
55
57
64
59
55
56
52
55
50
51
61
58
57
64
66
70
74
71
71
74
63
75
68
57
64
50
64
57
49
55
59
58
73
51
60
61
58
55
60
57
63
61
52
66
50
59
72
77
75
84
80
79
70
83
69
81
68
60
71
69
67
75
69
70
76
69
66
75
69
65
68
70
78
68
69
66
74
66
68
83
74
68
76
73
74
71
76
80
75
69
82
74
74

56
58
59
54
61
60
61
61
59
63
60
71
76
53
76
60
69
53
54
56
63
57
54
54
50
54
48
50
60
57
56
63
64
69
72
69
69
73
62
72
66
55
62
49
62
55
50
54
58
57
71
50
59
60
58
53
59
57
61
60
52
64
50
58
70
75
74
81
78
76
66
80
65
78
66
59
70
69
66
74
64
66
75
68
65
71
66
61
65
67
77
66
67
64
72
64
65
80
71
66
71
70
71
68
76
78
71
67
80
72
73

58
61
62
58
65
63
65
65
62
66
62
78
83
56
83
66
78
57
56
59
66
60
56
57
53
56
51
52
63
60
59
64
68
72
77
73
74
75
65
77
70
59
67
50
67
59
49
56
61
59
75
52
61
62
58
57
61
57
64
62
53
68
51
60
74
79
77
87
83
82
73
86
73
85
69
61
72
69
69
76
74
74
77
70
67
78
73
70
72
73
80
70
71
67
77
68
72
86
78
70
80
76
78
74
77
82
78
71
84
76
76

64
59
53
78
58
55
46
50
52
37
60
12
4
64
4
49
10
79
78
61
37
55
48
79
96
74
93
96
51
73
70
43
44
30
30
19
24
26
53
19
37
40
32
60
34
38
65
71
69
67
20
73
47
51
59
92
61
84
67
60
76
44
94
50
31
11
12
2
4
4
22
2
26
3
44
71
33
30
41
15
14
20
9
32
70
8
40
47
44
24
4
30
25
47
7
46
23
2
11
44
19
24
13
40
7
4
14
32
3
17
9

99
90
79
123
78
83
60
74
78
55
77
14
5
99
5
73
13
131
122
93
51
83
72
126
156
115
151
155
75
115
109
62
63
40
36
24
29
32
82
20
46
52
40
82
42
51
92
111
108
108
24
105
83
78
101
152
85
122
90
104
122
54
134
86
39
13
14
3
5
5
28
3
32
4
55
99
41
37
53
17
17
23
11
40
87
10
51
60
53
30
5
35
30
60
8
60
30
2
13
56
24
31
16
47
9
5
16
38
4
20
11

324
285
295
307
235
259
272
241
290
232
303
149
100
404
99
250
173
321
343
344
276
320
463
316
352
366
428
371
279
272
309
258
194
147
113
157
140
100
230
102
184
434
303
584
286
435
568
328
251
270
120
415
270
254
282
283
257
269
209
231
367
198
410
281
136
87
89
49
60
98
147
59
220
69
178
268
136
220
188
87
216
183
74
166
164
141
165
228
186
173
74
184
182
206
128
204
215
58
160
158
130
126
121
133
72
55
118
168
57
114
83

568
525
506
564
486
485
534
459
499
462
474
314
216
604
214
461
354
585
588
556
458
528
631
572
626
598
666
635
486
532
551
454
404
346
262
366
329
277
458
264
410
628
492
741
477
632
716
605
519
543
299
678
529
506
551
578
517
548
455
492
650
420
695
542
329
239
252
126
152
207
387
137
430
151
408
533
356
406
418
228
413
371
234
381
404
286
389
463
410
373
188
405
408
442
286
439
435
148
298
394
280
294
290
344
228
161
276
378
146
285
257

35.2
33.0
33.5
46.0
34.6
25.1
30.6
32.0
32.2
27.6
35.5
2.2
6.3
33.6
1.4
32.4
3.0
45.8
38.6
39.9
28.2
35.3
23.7
44.4
50.4
36.7
34.3
49.2
31.0
45.6
35.2
21.4
30.9
17.0
17.5
10.9
11.8
11.6
34.5
5.7
16.1
10.0
13.7
16.1
17.5
9.1
19.9
37.6
41.0
43.8
9.4
30.4
38.5
28.2
36.0
45.0
34.3
48.7
37.7
51.3
37.4
32.1
36.3
33.5
10.0
2.2
2.5
0.4
1.3
0.7
4.5
0.3
12.5
0.6
16.9
41.5
15.5
11.7
14.7
6.7
4.4
9.7
6.1
13.2
34.0
2.5
27.8
16.6
17.7
8.7
2.9
14.7
8.7
23.5
3.0
13.6
10.8
0.5
2.1
29.9
7.3
13.5
2.4
13.3
6.3
0.8
1.9
25.0
1.8
14.5
9.0

14.2
13.2
14.1
14.2
10.0
12.5
8.2
14.3
15.1
13.7
12.2
1.9
4.6
12.4
1.7
12.9
1.8
15.0
13.7
15.8
13.0
16.6
14.9
14.5
15.5
13.6
14.4
15.4
13.0
14.3
13.0
9.7
11.8
5.6
5.0
3.4
5.1
2.3
12.8
2.0
6.5
8.1
6.1
10.6
7.9
8.0
11.1
15.5
12.3
13.9
4.2
20.4
14.9
12.1
13.8
11.8
12.8
12.2
9.5
10.8
16.5
10.6
16.4
15.2
4.0
1.4
1.5
0.5
1.1
1.1
3.1
0.4
4.0
1.0
5.9
12.4
5.7
9.2
6.0
4.0
2.6
3.4
2.6
5.9
6.0
3.5
5.7
5.5
4.8
4.7
3.1
10.0
4.7
8.9
3.8
6.0
5.1
1.2
3.2
6.7
4.0
6.7
1.2
2.2
4.5
0.5
0.9
7.6
1.1
5.0
4.7

30.4
30.2
31.5
24.7
29.8
35.1
36.7
28.0
33.3
31.6
32.3
38.9
35.7
36.4
31.4
32.2
39.1
23.4
29.0
28.9
34.9
30.1
43.2
24.6
22.4
31.1
32.7
22.9
32.0
22.5
33.1
32.2
23.3
29.4
28.1
32.1
32.9
25.3
28.5
25.2
46.6
52.9
50.8
50.6
44.0
53.3
52.3
27.6
25.0
23.5
22.5
31.7
25.7
29.1
27.1
23.6
27.9
20.5
25.8
20.4
28.4
26.2
30.6
29.2
30.6
25.0
26.5
18.9
26.8
29.3
29.4
12.1
48.4
24.5
33.5
27.1
29.8
43.1
35.6
25.1
39.1
36.9
22.5
30.6
23.6
34.9
31.4
40.3
35.3
37.5
36.8
36.4
37.6
30.8
37.8
36.3
42.1
27.1
38.5
22.7
33.1
29.2
25.0
30.8
40.9
15.9
19.6
28.8
17.1
28.9
41.0

20.2
23.6
21.0
15.2
25.6
27.3
24.4
25.7
19.3
27.2
19.9
56.9
53.4
17.6
65.5
22.5
56.2
15.7
18.6
15.4
24.0
18.0
18.2
16.5
11.6
18.6
18.6
12.6
24.0
17.7
18.7
36.8
34.0
48.0
49.4
53.6
50.2
60.8
24.2
67.1
30.8
29.0
29.4
22.7
30.6
29.6
16.7
19.4
21.8
18.8
63.9
17.5
20.9
30.5
23.2
19.6
25.1
18.5
27.0
17.6
17.7
31.1
16.7
22.2
55.4
71.5
69.6
80.1
70.8
69.0
63.1
87.2
35.1
73.8
43.7
19.0
49.0
36.0
43.7
64.2
53.9
50.0
68.8
50.3
36.4
59.1
35.1
37.6
42.2
49.1
57.3
39.0
48.9
36.8
55.4
44.1
42.1
71.1
56.2
40.7
55.6
50.7
71.4
53.6
48.3
82.8
77.6
38.5
80.0
51.6
45.4

..
..
..
3 862
..
643
658
23 375
32 985
3 195
32 603
496
..
44 917
..
3 048
..
2 370
12 740
32 890
46 065
18 882
38 616
..
11 770
34 158
9 857
11 733
4 438
24 108
837
1 454
52
..
186
274
..
1 097
2 906
79
..
..
5 139
9 323
5 083
138 379
3 521
..
2 408
3 805
98
21 795
946
9 248
3 791
1 877
1 968
5 309
1 082
3 376
174 253
2 369
2 666
4 333
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
345
738
..
..
4 083
532
371
..
2 576
2 787
112
717
..
2 156
..
..
2 606
33 697
490
9 002
10 098
493
..
19 390
..
10 648
..
171
372
..
..
98
..
..
..
..

555
495
..
712
335
229
501
353
510
353
634
53
..
489
..
290
..
732
789
343
398
224
443
..
477
596
882
856
442
693
342
291
156
..
140
33
9
121
311
62
..
..
129
487
265
138
389
..
405
371
42
645
706
319
679
549
725
587
602
553
814
315
1360
368
119
..
27
..
..
..
82
5
44
11
..
396
176
148
174
25
12
76
68
258
178
30
32
42
36
..
23
161
126
197
40
178
114
10
20
215
54
..
25
25
15
7
36
50
5
58
4

Worldwide more people are living longer:
The percentage distribution of the world population by level of life expectancy at birth

Crude
Annual
death
number
rate
of deaths
(per
(thousands) 1,000)
(1)
(2)

Mortality indicators
Age distribution of deaths
Probability
of
Life expectancy
Infant
Under-five
Percentage of deaths
at birth (years)
mortality
mortality dying (per 1,000)
(deaths
(deaths
Age
Both
per 1,000
per 1,000 Ages 15
Birth
Under Ages
Ages
65 and
sexes Male Female live births) live births) to 60 to age 70 age 5 5 to 25 25 to 65
older
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)

Country or area1

2010-2015

Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
State of Palestine18
Syrian Arab Republic
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Europe
Eastern Europe
Belarus
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Hungary
Poland
Republic of Moldova19
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Ukraine
Northern Europe20
Channel Islands 21
Denmark
Estonia
Finland 22
Iceland
Ireland
Latvia
Lithuania
Norway 23
Sweden
United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
Southern Europe24
Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Greece
Italy
Malta
Montenegro
Portugal
Serbia25
Slovenia
Spain26
TFYR Macedonia27
Western Europe28
Austria
Belgium
France
Germany
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Switzerland
Latin America and the Caribbean
Caribbean29
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Cuba
Curaçao
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Guadeloupe30
Haiti
Jamaica
Martinique
Puerto Rico
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
United States Virgin Islands
Central America
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
South America31
Argentina
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Northern America32
Canada
United States of America
Oceania
Australia/New Zealand
Australia33
New Zealand
Melanesia
Fiji
New Caledonia
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Vanuatu
Micronesia34
Guam
Kiribati
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Polynesia35
French Polynesia
Samoa
Tonga

Cause-specific mortality

AIDSrelated
deaths
(14)

Maternal
mortality ratio
(maternal deaths
per 100,000
live births)
(15)

2014

2015

24
10
3
101
16
110
432
13
178
8 164
3 894
134
110
106
131
379
46
257
1 986
53
692
949
1
54
16
52
2
30
30
46
42
90
584

4.6
2.7
1.5
3.4
3.6
5.6
5.7
1.5
7.1
11.1
13.3
14.2
15.1
10.1
13.2
9.8
11.2
12.9
13.9
9.8
15.3
9.4
9.0
9.7
11.9
9.6
6.3
6.4
14.5
15.2
8.4
9.4
9.2

79
76
78
74
73
70
75
77
64
77
72
71
74
78
75
77
71
74
70
76
71
80
80
80
77
81
82
81
74
73
81
82
80

77
75
77
73
71
64
72
76
62
73
67
65
71
75
71
73
67
71
64
72
66
78
78
78
72
78
81
78
69
67
79
80
78

81
79
80
75
75
76
78
78
65
81
77
77
78
81
79
81
75
78
76
80
76
82
82
82
81
83
84
83
79
79
83
84
82

9
7
6
15
21
18
13
6
54
5
8
4
9
2
5
5
11
10
8
5
9
4
8
3
3
2
2
3
6
4
3
3
4

11
9
8
17
24
21
19
7
73
6
9
5
11
3
6
5
13
13
10
6
11
5
9
4
4
3
3
4
8
5
3
3
5

66
103
71
90
124
196
111
79
227
126
197
214
140
89
153
120
173
140
235
120
206
78
55
75
130
81
51
68
164
178
63
56
73

183
271
213
274
309
357
244
245
475
251
364
402
305
223
309
264
377
300
412
267
390
179
156
184
272
179
133
162
330
335
154
141
173

3.9
6.9
6.6
11.0
22.2
8.9
6.0
5.4
34.0
0.6
0.8
0.5
0.7
0.3
0.4
0.6
1.3
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.6
1.0
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.9
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.7

2.0
7.4
9.1
7.3
6.9
12.7
5.3
7.6
11.3
0.8
1.1
0.9
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.8
1.0
0.7
1.4
0.7
0.8
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.7
0.7
0.9
1.2
0.6
0.8
0.8
0.5
0.7

20.8
42.5
54.7
32.4
29.1
38.2
27.5
62.8
29.2
23.1
31.5
32.7
21.1
20.4
24.9
27.4
33.0
23.3
35.8
26.4
29.0
16.1
13.6
16.7
22.4
17.9
15.3
19.1
23.8
23.1
14.6
11.8
15.4

73.4
43.2
29.6
49.3
41.8
40.1
61.3
24.2
25.4
75.5
66.7
65.9
77.7
78.7
74.2
71.2
64.7
75.0
61.9
72.2
69.4
82.7
84.8
82.5
76.5
81.1
83.2
78.8
75.1
75.8
84.2
87.2
83.3

45
48
..
..
..
39
..
..
287
..
..
1 032
..
..
..
..
777
..
..
8
..
..
..
57
..
..
..
66
..
..
28
70
..

15
17
13
12
45
68
16
6
385
13
..
4
11
4
17
3
23
31
25
6
24
..
..
6
9
3
3
8
18
10
5
4
9

1 485
21
39
53
116
577
4
6
108
113
19
408
19
1 836
79
109
567
871
4
140
65
3 627
321
1
1
2
3
87
1
62
1
3
92
19
3
29
1
1
12
1
820
2
22
41
84
39
585
28
19
2 486
321
78
1 230
89
273
80
1
6
36
171
4
32
165
2 859
256
2 602
260
185
155
30
68
6
2
56
3
1
3
1
1
1
4
2
1
1

9.7
7.2
10.3
12.4
10.5
9.7
8.8
9.9
10.3
12.7
9.4
8.8
9.2
9.7
9.4
9.8
8.9
10.8
7.4
8.4
8.1
5.9
7.6
6.2
8.3
6.0
10.5
7.7
8.2
6.0
7.2
7.1
8.9
6.8
8.0
7.9
7.2
7.0
9.2
7.4
4.9
5.6
4.7
6.7
5.4
5.0
4.8
4.8
5.0
6.1
7.6
7.6
6.1
5.1
5.8
5.2
3.2
8.0
5.6
5.6
7.3
9.3
5.5
8.1
7.3
8.2
6.9
6.7
6.7
6.8
7.4
6.8
6.9
7.7
5.9
4.8
5.5
4.8
7.1
6.2
5.6
5.5
5.4
6.1

81
77
76
77
81
83
80
76
81
75
80
82
75
81
81
81
82
81
81
81
83
75
72
76
75
75
75
79
78
73
73
81
62
75
81
79
75
73
70
80
76
70
79
73
71
73
76
74
77
74
76
68
74
81
74
76
79
66
73
74
71
77
74
79
82
79
77
82
82
82
64
70
76
62
68
71
73
79
66
69
74
76
73
73

78
75
74
74
78
80
79
74
77
72
77
79
73
79
78
78
79
78
79
79
80
71
70
73
73
72
73
77
75
70
71
77
60
73
78
75
72
71
67
77
73
67
77
68
68
70
74
71
74
71
72
65
70
78
70
73
76
64
71
72
68
73
70
77
80
76
75
80
80
80
62
67
74
60
66
70
71
76
63
68
72
74
70
70

84
80
79
80
84
85
82
78
84
78
83
85
77
84
84
83
85
83
84
83
85
78
75
78
78
78
78
81
81
76
76
84
64
78
84
83
78
75
74
83
78
73
82
77
75
75
79
77
80
78
80
70
78
84
77
78
83
69
75
77
74
80
78
81
84
81
80
84
84
83
66
73
79
64
69
74
75
81
69
70
77
79
76
76

4
14
8
4
3
2
5
4
3
10
3
3
10
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
4
20
27
9
15
9
10
5
10
25
10
6
47
15
6
6
11
17
25
9
19
14
9
17
23
28
19
20
15
19
14
43
20
7
18
21
10
33
29
19
17
13
14
6
5
6
20
4
4
4
44
16
13
48
38
24
28
10
47
33
16
7
20
20

4
16
9
5
4
3
6
8
4
12
3
4
11
4
4
4
4
4
2
4
4
26
39
11
17
13
11
7
12
28
13
6
77
18
7
7
15
21
31
11
25
17
11
20
32
40
23
24
20
25
16
72
24
12
25
25
11
41
35
29
23
15
16
7
5
7
26
5
5
5
56
20
15
62
47
28
34
11
60
40
18
8
23
24

67
70
101
99
76
54
58
104
80
118
78
61
106
74
68
78
81
73
68
60
54
138
153
133
96
163
102
94
102
166
146
87
252
136
71
101
141
159
173
65
126
183
91
185
185
151
115
154
120
140
117
193
149
74
145
130
66
215
148
129
176
109
147
7
5
7
10
5
4
6
21
13
6
24
18
11
12
4
22
15
7
6
7
7

162
199
253
240
169
136
156
250
170
286
188
144
266
165
169
179
168
169
163
151
135
288
318
255
251
291
258
217
228
328
324
193
478
264
161
208
303
327
383
188
267
389
204
324
329
306
255
299
245
292
267
396
301
179
296
256
186
453
312
286
370
254
313
102
66
106
103
63
62
66
255
193
88
282
183
137
121
68
203
167
120
109
133
137

0.4
2.9
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.6
0.9
0.3
0.9
0.4
0.4
1.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.5
7.9
9.4
3.1
2.2
3.4
1.3
1.0
2.0
10.1
3.5
1.3
22.7
4.3
1.0
1.1
3.3
5.0
5.0
2.0
10.2
7.4
3.7
5.3
16.1
17.8
9.5
10.6
7.8
6.9
3.8
23.5
6.1
3.2
7.1
10.6
9.2
9.8
13.6
10.5
6.0
2.4
5.9
1.1
0.8
1.1
6.5
1.0
1.0
1.1
21.3
6.2
3.5
23.4
25.0
16.6
13.2
4.2
24.9
15.4
7.0
2.3
11.5
10.3

0.4
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.6
0.5
0.5
4.8
5.8
2.7
1.3
3.2
1.0
1.2
1.8
5.5
2.2
1.5
13.7
3.3
1.2
1.4
3.4
2.6
2.4
0.5
5.4
7.7
3.2
7.4
10.5
9.1
4.3
7.8
6.0
4.5
1.9
9.8
3.9
2.4
6.6
6.7
2.8
6.8
7.0
5.0
3.2
1.5
7.1
1.2
0.9
1.3
2.7
1.0
1.0
1.2
7.1
3.9
1.6
7.7
7.7
5.3
4.9
1.8
7.9
6.9
2.6
2.1
3.0
2.8

14.6
18.6
23.3
18.1
14.0
12.1
14.8
22.1
15.4
21.4
18.9
14.1
24.2
15.6
15.2
16.3
17.4
14.5
18.2
15.8
13.8
33.3
29.5
33.1
26.1
44.3
19.3
24.3
24.6
36.2
26.7
22.9
32.5
28.2
16.6
22.0
30.3
35.3
35.3
20.8
32.6
36.9
29.5
35.2
34.5
32.4
32.0
37.5
32.5
34.1
23.9
29.4
37.8
24.9
36.9
31.7
27.6
40.8
32.5
30.8
36.9
19.8
36.3
23.9
18.5
24.4
23.5
17.0
16.8
17.7
40.4
43.9
22.2
41.4
30.3
30.6
31.7
23.8
33.6
31.1
30.7
33.3
29.8
25.6

84.5
77.0
75.2
80.9
85.2
87.3
84.2
76.1
83.8
77.0
80.3
85.2
73.7
83.5
83.9
82.6
81.4
84.8
80.9
83.2
85.1
54.0
55.3
61.1
70.4
49.2
78.4
73.5
71.6
48.1
67.6
74.3
31.1
64.2
81.2
75.5
63.1
57.2
57.2
76.6
51.8
48.0
63.6
52.2
38.9
40.7
54.2
44.2
53.7
54.6
70.4
37.4
52.2
69.5
49.4
51.0
60.3
42.6
46.9
53.7
53.8
76.4
50.7
73.8
79.8
73.2
67.3
81.0
81.2
80.0
31.1
46.1
72.7
27.5
37.0
47.5
50.2
70.2
33.5
46.6
59.6
62.3
55.7
61.3

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
121
..
3 099
..
..
3 816
1 265
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
63
170
392
1 707
1 162
5 961
378
603
..
1 542
711
..
666
4 694
1 210
..
118
397
2 533
159
583
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
14
..
900
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
29
11
8
3
4
9
7
10
17
9
5
8
..
4
7
8
6
10
7
5
67
..
..
..
80
27
39
..
92
27
88
359
89
..
14
48
45
63
..
..
28
25
54
..
129
38
150
94
..
52
206
44
22
64
64
..
229
132
68
155
15
95
13
7
14
82
..
6
11
..
30
..
215
114
78
..
..
90
100
..
..
51
368

In 2010-2015 life expectancy reached 70 years or higher in all the development groups
and major areas except the Least developed countries and Africa

100

www.unpopulation.org

Under-five mortality declined remarkably, and will reach 25 per 1000 or lower by 2030
in all major areas except Africa
200

80

75

80

150
Deaths per thousand

60
Years

Percentage

70

65

40
60

100

50
20

0

55

1950-1955

Under 40

1960-1965

1970-1975

40-50

50-60

1980-1985

1990-1995
60-70

2000-2005
70-80

Definitions
Annual number of deaths: The average annual
number of deaths occurring over the five-year
period from 2010-2015.
Crude death rate: Number of deaths over
a given period divided by the person-years
lived by the population over that period. It
is expressed as number of deaths per 1,000
population.
Life expectancy at birth: The average number
of years of life expected by a hypothetical
cohort of individuals who would be subject
throughout their lives to the age-specific mortality rates of a given period.
Infant mortality: Probability of dying between
birth and exact age 1. It is expressed as deaths
per 1,000 live births.
Under-five mortality: Probability of dying
between birth and exact age 5. It is expressed
as deaths per 1,000 live births.
Probability of dying: The probability that, given
the mortality conditions of a given year or period, an individual alive at exact age x would die
before exact age x+n. This wall chart presents
the probability of dying within two age ranges.

2010-2015

The probability of dying between exact age 15
and exact age 60 (column 8) reflects mortality
risks among adults and is expressed as deaths
per 1,000 persons reaching age 15. The probability of dying between birth and exact age
70 (column 9) measures the risk of premature
death and is expressed as deaths per 1,000
births.
Percentage of deaths by age: The percentage distribution of deaths that occurred during 2010-2015 according to the age at death.
Four age ranges are shown: birth to 5 years
(children), 5 years to 25 years (adolescents
and youth), 25 years to 65 years (young and
middle-aged adults), and over 65 years (older
adults). Figures may not add to 100 because of
rounding.

Over 80

50

0
More
developed
regions

Other
less
developed
countries

Least
developed
countries

Africa

Sources

Notes

Annual number of deaths, crude death rate, life
expectancy at birth, infant mortality, underfive mortality, probability of dying and percentage of deaths by age: Population Division
of the Department of Economic and Social
Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2015).
World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision.
(New York).

The designations employed and the material
in this publication do not imply the expression
of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the
Secretariat of the United Nations concerning
the legal status of any country, territory or area
or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

AIDS deaths: The number of adults and children who died from AIDS during 2014. Source:
UNAIDS AIDSInfo online database, http://www.
unaids.org/en/dataanalysis/datatools.
Maternal mortality ratio: The number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. A maternal
death is defined as the death of a woman while
pregnant or within 42 days of termination of
pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site
of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or
aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes. Source: World Health Organization, UNICEF,
UNFPA, the World Bank, and the United Nations
Population Division (2015). Trends in Maternal
Mortality: 1990-2015.

The designations “more developed” and “less
developed” regions are intended for statistical
convenience and do not necessarily express
a judgement about the stage reached by a
particular country or area in the development
process. The term “country” as used in this
publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.
Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available.
Figures may not add up to totals because of
rounding.
1

Countries or areas listed individually are
only those with 90,000 inhabitants or more
in 2015; the rest are included in the regional
aggregates but are not listed separately.

Asia

Europe

Latin America Northern
and the
America
Caribbean

2

More developed regions comprise all regions
of Europe plus Northern America, Australia/
New Zealand and Japan.

3

Less developed regions comprise all regions
of Africa, Asia (excluding Japan), Latin
America and the Caribbean plus Melanesia,
Micronesia and Polynesia.

4

The least developed countries, as defined
by the United Nations General Assembly
in its resolutions, included 48 countries in
2015: 34 in Africa, 9 in Asia, 4 in Oceania
and one in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Those 48 countries are: Afghanistan, Angola,
Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau,
Haiti, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic
Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique,
Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sao
Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan,
Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda,
United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen

Oceania

1990

Africa

5

6

2000
Asia

2020

Latin America and the Caribbean

and Zambia. These countries are also included in the less developed regions.

13 The

Other developing countries are those in
the less developed regions minus the least
developed countries.

14 Including

Sabah and Sarawak.

15 Including

Nagorno-Karabakh.

16 Including

Northern-Cyprus.

17 Including

Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

18 Including

East Jerusalem.

31 Including

19 Including

Transnistria.

32 Including

20 Including

Faeroe Islands and Isle of Man.

Sub-Saharan Africa includes the countries in
Africa minus those in Northern Africa.

7

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint
Brandon.

8

Including Zanzibar.

9

Europe

2010

Including Saint Helena, Ascension and
Tristan da Cunha.

10 For

statistical purposes, the data for China do
not include Hong Kong and Macao, Special
Administrative Regions (SAR) of China, and
Taiwan Province of China.

11 As

of 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a
Special Administrative Region (SAR) of
China.

12 As

of 20 December 1999, Macao became
a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of
China.

regions Southern Asia and Central Asia
are combined into South-Central Asia.

21 Refers

to Guernsey and Jersey.

22 Including

Åland Islands.

23 Including

Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

24 Including

Andorra, Gibraltar, Holy See and
San Marino.

25 Including

Kosovo.

26 Including

Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.

27 The

former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

28 Including

Liechtenstein and Monaco.

Northern America

2030
Oceania

29 Including

Anguilla, British Virgin Islands,
Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Saba and
Sint Eustatius), Cayman Islands, Dominica,
Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sint
Maarten (Dutch part) and Turks and Caicos
Islands.

30 Including

Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin
(French part).
Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

Bermuda, Greenland, and Saint
Pierre and Miquelon.

33 Including

Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling)
Islands and Norfolk Island.

34 Including

Marshall Islands, Nauru, Northern
Mariana Islands and Palau.

35 Including

American Samoa, Cook Islands,
Niue, Pitcairn, Tokelau, Tuvalu, and Wallis
and Futuna Islands.

Suggested citation: Population Division of the
Department of Economic and Social Affairs of
the United Nations Secretariat (2015). World
Mortality 2015 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. 16.XIII.11).

more than 85 per cent of all deaths took place among people over age 65. respectively.World Mortality 2015 Socioeconomic development raises living standards and reduces mortality. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development urged the international community to strive for a dramatic reduction in maternal mortality. Spain and Switzerland. regional and country levels for the period 2010-2015. 2012. Data on mortality due to HIV/AIDS and maternal causes are less commonly available than data on overall mortality. Annual deaths. and at the global level. Life expectancy at birth for the world population rose from 47 years in 1950-1955 to 70 years in 2010-2015.000 live births. World Mortality 2015 Copyright © United Nations.A/383 Sales No. and for other selected years. Iceland. see the source of column 15 for a full reference). under-five mortality is estimated to be highest in Angola and Chad. such as in the Russian Federation. Every year millions of young children die from preventable causes. Probability of dying. the population ages and the distribution of deaths shifts towards advanced ages. Both indicators have declined more slowly in sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions. estimates for those countries are frequently based on model mortality schedules that permit the extrapolation of the estimated mortality in childhood to the full age range. female life expectancy exceeded that of males by 5 years (73 years as compared to 68 years). For other countries. life expectancy is a commonly used indicator of mortality. Advances in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS have resulted in a decline in the annual numbers of deaths due to AIDS. with 64 infant deaths per 1. In Italy.000 live births and 99 deaths under five per 1. the probability of dying between ages 15 and 60 was 112 per 1.3 deaths per 1. Those differences reflect inequalities in access to food.000 United Nations .000 people. Worldwide. In sharp contrast.11 Enquiries should be directed to: Director. which discuss the issue of data quality and the uncertainty associated with the estimates of the number of deaths caused by AIDS and the maternal mortality ratios.000 children born alive died before their fifth birthdays. Data for countries with reliable vital registration systems are the most complete. Sweden. For that reason.4 million in the less developed regions. Percentage of deaths by age. The main findings regarding each indicator are described below. New York.000. such as those contained in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. NY 10017 ISBN 978-92-1-151544-2 Fax number: 1 212 963 2147 Email: population@un. women had a higher life expectancy at birth than men. Japan. resulting in a concentration of deaths among children and young adults. with 12. The probability of dying between birth and age 70 reflects the risk of premature death.000 live births.360 and 882 maternal deaths per 100. The average life expectancy in the rest of the countries in the less developed regions was 69 years.000 individuals alive at the initial age. Maternal mortality.5 deaths per 1. Because it is independent from the age structure of population.000 births. Sub-Saharan Africa had particularly high levels of infant and child mortality. As the transition to lower fertility and mortality rates occurs. Differences in the survival prospects of young children reflect major disparities among countries in terms of health and development. As expected. fertility rates are high and the population is young. Worldwide. but in countries such as Niger and Angola where malaria. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development identified the reduction of child mortality as a critical challenge.000 births are expected to die before age 70 in 2010-2015.3 million in 2005 to 1. the crude death rate in 2010-2015 is estimated to be 7. with fewer than 3 out of every 1.000 in 2010-2015. About 67 per cent of AIDS deaths in 2014 occurred in sub-Saharan Africa where the disease is the leading cause of death and the provision of antiretroviral treatment to all those who need it remains a formidable challenge. while in the less developed regions it was 161 per 1.2 million in 2014.000 live births. A note on the data: The quality of the data available for estimating mortality varies widely from country to country. Ukraine had the highest crude death rate in the world. pneumonia and diarrhoeal diseases continued to pose great mortality risks to children. However. Singapore. life expectancy was higher in the more developed regions (78 years) and much lower in the group of least developed countries (62 years).org Printed in the United States of America 15-19457—January 2016—2. are part of the internationally agreed development goals. Life expectancy at birth.9 million. The distribution of deaths by age reflects a population’s stage in the demographic transition. from the peak of 2. while Qatar had the lowest. In pre-transition societies mortality rates are high at all ages. The last 65 years witnessed tremendous progress in improving health and survival around the world. less than one per cent of deaths is estimated to occur among children under 5 years of age in the more developed regions. Readers are encouraged to consult the references provided for columns (14) and (15). which were the most disadvantaged in terms of survival prospects.XIII. In 20102015.000 persons who reach age 15 are expected to die before age 60 in 2010-2015. the crude death rate is not a commonly used indicator to compare mortality across populations with different age structures. the MMR in 2015 is estimated as 216 maternal deaths per 100. compared to 7. Hong Kong SAR of China. mortality in childhood was the highest in the least developed countries.000 children born alive are estimated to die before age five. the MMR is estimated as 1. where 235 out of every 1. behavioural choices and societal contexts that affect the survival of individuals.000. safe drinking water. 2015 All rights reserved ST/ESA/SER. such as Lesotho where 584 out of every 1. Another useful indicator of mortality across different parts of the age range is the probability of dying between specific ages.000.8 deaths per 1. The more developed regions are estimated to have a crude death rate of 10 deaths per 1. deaths over age 65 accounted for only 18 and 12 per cent. The World Health Organization defines a maternal death as “the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. six times higher than that of Northern America The probability of dying between ages 15 and 60 is a traditional summary measure of mortality in adulthood and reflects mortality risks experienced in the working and reproductive ages. The crude death rate (CDR) is the average annual number of deaths divided by the overall population and expressed per 1. irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy. the populations of Luxembourg. The life expectancy at birth is the average length of life in a population that subjects to the mortality risks prevalent during a given period. In 2010-2015.4 deaths per 1. They also reflect differences in risk factors. respectively. estimates of overall mortality are usually based on data gathered via special questions included in sample surveys or population censuses.5 million occurring in the more developed regions and 43.000. premature mortality in Southern Africa was 628 per 1. at 15. Infant and under-five mortality. The usual indicator of maternal mortality is the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100. AIDS-related deaths. from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes” (WHO et al. the Population Division presents in this wall chart key indicators of mortality at the global. In the more developed regions. At the country level. In 2010-2015. deaths at ages under 5 years accounted for more than half of all deaths.. In nearly all countries. expressed per 1. At the global level. improved sanitation. Crude death rate. Women in the least developed countries face the greatest risks of maternal death. where infant mortality and under-five mortality are estimated to be 57 and 86 deaths per 1. Such sources can produce robust estimates of child mortality but often are less successful in producing adequate estimates of adult mortality. In contrast. at 1. medical care and other basic human needs. life expectancy at birth is estimated to range from a low of 49 years in Swaziland to a high of 84 years in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. where more than 155 out of every 1. Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations.000 population. The crude death rate was higher in the more developed regions because their population had a higher proportion of older persons than the less developed regions. Italy and Finland had very low under-five mortality. In Sierra Leone and Central African Republic. Therefore. To fulfil the task of documenting trends and prospects in regard to mortality. In contrast.000 persons who reach age 15 are expected to die before age 60. This probability was particularly high in countries highly affected by HIV/AIDS.000 live births. 16.000 population in the less developed regions.000 live births in 2010-2015. The reduction of mortality. the global life expectancy at birth is estimated to be 70 years. In Northern America premature mortality was low: 102 out of every 1. Greece. respectively. particularly child mortality and premature mortality. The probability of dying during the working ages was also high in countries where death rates due to external causes are high. In 2010-2015. wide disparities remain in the levels of mortality across countries and regions. in Niger and Angola. the average annual number of deaths during 2010-2015 was estimated to be 55.