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Illustrations: How A Tooth Decays

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Govt. Dental College
Rohtak, AL 124001
Illustrations: How A Tooth Decays

Healthy Tooth


Enamel is the hard outer crystal-like layer. Dentin is the softer layer beneath the enamel. The pulp chamber
contains nerves and blood vessels and is considered the living part of the tooth.
White Spots


Bacteria that are exposed to sugars or carbohydrates can make acid, which attacks the crystal-like
substance in the tooth's outer surface. This process is known as demineralization. The first sign of this is a
chalky white spot. At this stage, the decay process can be reversed. Using fluorides at home and in the
dental office can help the tooth repair itself.
Enamel Decay 25-07-2010

The pulp becomes infected. The decay reaches into the dentin where it can spread and undermine the enamel. Enamel starts to break down. 25-07-2010 .. it will reach the tooth's pulp. Inc. *Illustrations created by Simple Steps designer Lynda Buchhalter ©2002-2005 Aetna. Pulp Involvement If decay is left Demineralization continues.Illustrations: How A Tooth Decays Page 2 of 3 4. The cavity has to be cleaned and restored by a dentist. which contains nerves and blood vessels. All rights reserved. http://www. the tooth can no longer repair itself. Once the enamel surface is broken. An abscess (swelling) or a fistula (opening to the surface of the gum) can form in the soft tissues.. Dentin Decay 5. 25-07-2010 ..Illustrations: How A Tooth Decays Page 3 of 3 Reviewed by the faculty of Columbia University College of Dental Medicine © Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals http://www..