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`` Andhra Pradesh
Also known as : “Rice Bowl of India”,
“Egg Bowl of Asia”
Capital: Hyderabad
Largest City: Visakhapatnam
Area: 160,205sq. km(61,855 sq mi)
Language: Telugu and Urdu
Date of Establishment:1st October 1953
Literacy Rate: 67.7%
Population Density(per sq km): 308
Forest Area: Total area covered by the
forest are 22,862 sq. km
Agriculture: An exporter of many
agricultural products and about 60 per cent
of population is engaged in agriculture and
related activities. Rice is the major food
crop and staple food of the State. Also grow
wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, minor millet,
coarse grain, many varieties of pulses, oil
seeds, sugarcane, cotton, chilli-pepper and
Industry: Home to firms like PepsiCo,
Isuzu Motors, Cadbury India, Kellogg’s,
Colgate-Palmolive, Kobelco etc. Along with
the largest PepsiCo plant in India.
Neighbouring states : Telangana in the
North-West, Chhattisgarh in the North,
Odisha in the North-East, Karnataka in
the west, Tamil Nadu in the south and the
water body of Bay of Bengal in the East.
Art & Culture:
(a) Classical dance forms (Sastriya Nrutyam)
such as Kuchipudi, Bhamakalapam,
Veeranatyam; and folk dances such as
Butta Bommalu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi,
Dhimsa, and Chindu exists in Andhra

(b) Festivals : Sankranti, Maha Shivaratri,
Ugadi or the Telugu New Year, Sri
Rama Navami, Varalakshmi Vratam,
Vinayaka Chaviti, Dasara, Atla Tadde,
Deepavali, Deepothsavam during the
Deepavali season.
Animal: Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
Bird: Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)
`` Arunachal Pradesh

Also known as: “The Orchid State of
India” or “the Paradise of the Botanists”
Capital: Itanagar

Largest City: Itanagar
No. Of Districts:19

Area: 83,743 sq. km
Language: English

Date of Establishment: 20 February 1987

Population: 1,382,611

Literacy Rate: 66.95%

Population density:17 per sq. km
Forest Area: 68045 sq. km.

Agriculture: Main crops:rice, maize,
millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger,
and oilseeds. Also ideal for horticulture
and fruit orchards.
Industry: Arts and Crafts, weaving,
cane and bamboo, carpet weaving,
wood carving, ornaments, tourism and
Neighbouring States: Borders with the
states of Assam and Nagaland to the South,
and international borders with Bhutan in
the West, Burma in the East and China in
the North.
Art & Culture:
(a) Dance: Bardo Chham is a folk dance
which depicts the victory of good
over evil.

(b) Festivals: “Losar” or The New Year
festival, is the most important festival of
Tawang District in Arunachal Pradesh.
Tribes: Abor, Aka, Apatani, Momba, Naga,
Sherdukp, Nyishi, Galo, Khampti, Khowa,
Mishmi, Idu, Hrusso, Tagin, Khamba, Adi
Animal- Gayal (Bos frontalis)
Bird- Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
`` Assam (Asom)

Capital: Dispur
Largest City: Guwahati
No. Of Districts: 32
Area:78,550 sq. km
Language: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo
Date of Establishment: 1st April 1912
Population density:397 per sq km.
Forest Area:26,832 sq km
Agriculture : Asom’s biggest contribution to
the world is Asom tea and has its own variety
of Camellia assamica. The state produces rice,
rapeseed, mustard seed, jute, potato, sweet
potato, banana, papaya, areca nut, sugarcane
and turmeric.
Industry: The industries housed by the state
include a chemical fertiliser plant at Namrup,
petrochemical industries at Namrup
and Bongaigaon, Paper mills at Jagiroad,
Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd.
Township Area Panchgram and Jogighopa,
sugar mills at Barua Bamun Gaon, Chargola,
Kampur, Cement plant at Bokajan and
Badarpur, cosmetics plant of Hindustan
Unilever (HUL) at Doom Dooma, etc.
Neighbouring States: Asom is surrounded by
six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal
Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura,
and Meghalaya.
Art & Culture:
(a) Ankia Naat (Onkeeya Naat), a traditional
popular since the 15th century AD. Folk
dances like Bihu and the Bagurumba
(both danced during festivals held in the
spring), the Bhortal dance, the Ojapali
dance etc.
(b) Festivals: Bihu is the most important
and common and celebrated all over
Asom. Durga Puja is another festival

celebrated with great enthusiasm.
Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha) with great zeal.
Tribes: Mikirs, Khasis, Nagas, Barmans, Boro,
Borokachari, Deori, Hojai, . Kachari, Sonwal,
Lalung, Mech, Miri, Rabha, Dimasa, Hajong,
Singhpho, Khampti, Garo.
Animal: One-horned rhino (Rhinoceros
Bird: White-winged wood duck (Cairina
`` Bihar

Capital: Patna
Largest City: Patna
No. Of districts: 38
Area:99,200 sq. km
Language: Hindi, Bhojpuri, Magadhi,
Maithili, Urdu
Date of Establishment: 1st April 1936
Population: 103,804,637
Literacy Rate: 63.4%
Population density:1,102 per sq km.
Forest Area:6,764.14 sq mi (2,612 sq mi)
Agriculture: Largest producer of
vegetables, especially potatoes, onions,
brinjal/egg-plant, and cauliflower. Largest
producer of litchi, the third largest producer
of pineapples and a major producer of
mangoes, bananas, and guava.
Sugarcane and jute are the two important
cash crops of Bihar.
Industry: Three major firms — United
Breweries Group, Danish Brewery
Company Carlsberg Group and Cobra Beer
— are to set up new units in Patna and
Muzaffarpur in 2012.
Neighbouring States: It is contiguous with
Uttar Pradesh to its West, Nepal to the North,
the northern part of West Bengal to the
East, and with Jharkhand to the South.
Art & Culture:
(a) Mithila painting is a style of Indian
painting practised in the Mithila
region of Bihar.
(b) Festivals: Chhath, also called Dala
Chhath, is an ancient and major
festival in Bihar. Shravani mela, Teej

and Chitragupta Puja along with all the
major festivals of India are celebrated
in Bihar.
Tribes: Gonda, Mundas, Oraon, Gorait, Ho,
Karmali, Kharia , Kha, Omitted, Binjhia,
Birhor, Birjia, Chero.
Animal: Gaur (Bos gaurue)
Bird: House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
`` Chhattisgarh

Also Known as: “Rice bowl of central India”
Capital: Raipur
Largest City: Raipur
No. Of Districts: 27
Area:135,194 sq. km.
Language: Chattisgarhi, Hindi
Date of Establishment:1st November
Population: 25,545,198
Literacy Rate: 71.04%
Population density:189 per sq km.
Forest Area: 41.33% of the total state area
Agriculture: The main crops are rice,
maize, kodo-kutki and other small millets
and pulses oilseeds, such as groundnuts
(peanuts), soybeans and sunflowers,
are also grown. Horticulture and animal
husbandry also engage a major share of
the total population of the state.
Industry: Bhilai Steel Plant, Jindal Steel and
Power, Bharat Aluminium Company, Baldev
Alloys Pvt Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation
Engineering: Simplex Casting Ltd, CHPLDream-Homes (Chouhan Housing Pvt
Ltd.), NMDC, South Eastern Coalfields,
NTPC, Lanco Infratech, KSK Energy
Ventures, Vandana Vidyut, Chhattisgarh
State Power Generation Company and
Jindal Power Limited.
Neighbouring States: Borders the states
of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest,
Maharashtra in the southwest Telangana
and Andhra Pradesh in the south, Odisha
in the east, Jharkhand in the northeast and
Uttar Pradesh in the north.
Art & Culture:
(a) Dances: Panthi, Rawat Nacha
Pandwani, Chaitra, Kaksar, Saila and

Soowa are the several indigenous
dance styles of Chhattisgarh.
(b) Festivals : Bastar Dussere, Bhoramdeo
Festival, Madai Festival. Hariyali, Kora,
Navakhani are the major festival
Animal: Wild buffalo (Bubalis arnee)
Bird: Bastar Hill myna (Gracula religiosa)
`` Goa

Capital: Panaji
Largest City: Vasco da Gama
No. Of districts: 2
Area: 3,702 sq km (1,429 sq mi)
Language: Konkani
Date of Establishment: 30th May, 1987
Population: 1,457,723
Literacy Rate: 88.70%
Population density:394 per sq km.
Forest Area:1,424 sq km (549.81 sq mi)
Agriculture: Rice the main agricultural
crop, followed by areca, cashew and
Industry: Tourism is Goa’s primary
industry as it handles 12% of all foreign
tourist arrival in India.
Neighbouring States: It is bounded by the
state of Maharashtra to the north and by
Karnataka to the east and south, while the
Arabian Sea forms its western coast.
Art & Culture:
(a) Dance: Some of the traditional Goan
dance art forms are Dekhnni, Fugdi,
Corridinho, Mando, Dulpod and Fado.

(b) Festivals:
celebrations in the Indian state of
Goa are Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali,
Christmas, Easter, Samvatsar Padvo
or Sanvsar Padvo, Shigmo, Goa
Carnival. Goa known for its New
Year’s celebrations along with the
Goan Carnival is known to attract a
large number of tourists.

Tribes: Dhodia, Dubla (Halpati), Naikda,
Siddi, Varli, Kunbi, Gawda, Velip.
Animal: Gaur (Bos gaurus)

Bird: Black-crested bulbul (Pycnonotus

Lohri.. Gond. Surat is the hub of the global diamond trade. Neighbouring States: It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north. Navratri. Damco Solutions. fruits and vegetables.351. Patelia. DB Schenker. Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited).462 Sex Ratio: 877 females per 1000 males Literacy Rate: 76. Nokia Networks. Rathawa.684 sq km (650 sq mi) Agriculture: Wheat and rice are the major crops making Haryana. The main crops are wheat. Mitsubishi Electric. the second largest contributor to India’s central pool of food grains. Creative Castings Ltd.070 sq mi) Language: Hindi. Charan. by Rajasthan to the west and south.64% Population Density: 73 per sq km (1.204 sq km (75. barley. millet and many more. gram. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Of Districts: 21 Area: 44. Ltd. According to Forbes list Ahmedabad ranks 3rd in the world’s fastest growing cities in the world. Makar Sankranti. rice. km(17. livestock. Kunbi. Of districts:33 Area:196. Chaudhr. ABB Group. Large-scale companies like Orient Paper & Industries. Pomla. Ltd. Dhanka. Tribes: Bhils. Neighbouring states: The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north. and wheat production. (b) Festivals: Makar Sankranti. Bavacha. Abacus Softech. Art & Culture: Festivals: Haryali Teej. The Alang Ship Recycling Yard (the world’s largest). and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west.383. Diwali. Whirlpool. Dubla. Chodhara.. Gugga Naumi. Tata Consultancy Services and Amdocs have their branch offices and contact centres in Faridabad and Gurgaon(also known as City of millennium). Rabar. Gangore. India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Tata Motors manufactures the Tata Nano and AMW trucks are made near Bhuj. cotton. Gujarat Dairy Development Corporation. Tazia and others are celebrated with great enthusiasm. General Motors manufactures. Holi. sugarcane.oilseeds. JCB India Limited.480/sq mi) Forest Area:1. Baisaki are some of the famous festivals of Haryana Animal: Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Bird: Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus) . Austin Engineering and JSW Power Co. Industry: National and international companies like Samsung. IBM. Industry: Large scale industries such as Agro Marine Exports. Haryanvi Date of Establishment:1 November 1966 Population: 25. Animal: Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) Bird: Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) `` Haryana Capital: Chandigarh Largest City: Faridabad No. Siddi.212 sq. Charan.31% Population Density: 310/ sq km (800/sq mi) Forest Area: 9. Maharashtra to the south. Barda.7% of the total geographical area is under forest cover Agriculture: Gujarat’s agriculture is majorly focussed on cotton production. Gamit. Huawei. Art & Culture : (a) Rass-garba is a folk dance which is done as celebration of Navratri.755 sq mi) Language: Gujarati Date of Establishment:1 May 1960 Population: 60.5 `` Gujarat Also known as: Jewel of the Western part of India Capital: Gandhinagar Largest City: Ahmedabad No. Madhya Pradesh to the east. Nirigemes. Punjabi. corn. Uttarayana. Goodyear Tyres and Knorr Bremse India Pvt. General Electric.628 Literacy Rate: 79.

and the Line of Control separates it from the Pakistanicontrolled territories of Azad Kashmir and . Khampa. Lavi Trade Fair.926 Literacy Rate: 66.509 Literacy Rate: 83. Ujagjama and Chadhgebrikar and Shunto are some of the known dance forms. tourism and hydropower are the key industries resident in the state with Himachal accounting for 25 per cent of the country’s total hydro power potential. pears. Gaddi. plums. Urdu Date of Establishment: 26th October 1947 Population: 12. Kinnara. IT and electronics. Dev Bhoomi(Abode of Gods) Capital: Shimla Largest City: Shimla No. Jad. Swangla. Beta. Of Districts: 22 Area: 222. cherries. Jwalamukhi Fair. cement.673 sq.495 sq mi) Language: Hindi. Punjab on the west. Shoolini Mela (Solan). Vrajeshwari fair. km(21. Tribes: Bhot.78% Population Density: 123 per sq km (320/ sq mi) Forest Area: 66. km Agriculture: Known for its sericulture and cold-water fisheries. Kharait.806 sq mi) Language: English. food procurement and processing. Fruit cultivation has also proved to be an economic boon. km (150/ sq mi) Forest Area: 20230 sq. and Naina Devi Fair. Kashmiri saffron brings the state a handsome amount of foreign exchange. Neighbouring States: It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north. pharmaceuticals. km(85. Haryana on the south-west. maize.7% Population Density: 56 per sq.856. Pangwala. Horticultural produce includes apples. The main cereals grown in the state are wheat. Naati. (b) Festivals: Kullu Dussehra. Lahaula. light engineering.with Apple farming producing the maximum income which amounts to 3 billion annually. almonds and walnuts with an annual turnover of over 3 billion (US$46 million).236 sq. Gee Dance and Burah dance. Shivratri Fair. English Date of Establishment: 25th January 1971 Population: 6. Minjar Fair. Bodh. Beda. an international border with China in the north and east. Of Districts:12 Area: 55. Animal: Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia or Panthna uncia) Bird: Jujurana Western Irogapa (Trogopan melanocephalus) `` Jammu and Kashmir Also known as: Heaven on Earth Capital: Srinagar Largest City: Srinagar No. and Fulaich are some of the most celebrated festivals. Mani Mahesh Chhari Yatra. Kanaura. apricots. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Losar Shona Chuksam. Holi Fair. Industry: Horticulture plays a pivotal role in the economy of the country. Wood to make high-quality cricket bats known as Kashmir Willow. Renuka fair. Neighbouring States: It shares border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Gujjar.6 `` Himachal Pradesh Name: Himachal Pradesh Also known as: State of Apples. rice and barley. Domba.52% of the total area Agriculture: Agriculture contributes nearly 45% to the net state domestic product and 93% of the state population depends directly upon agriculture. Industry: Textiles. Lamba.548. Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Dangi.

Bharat Earth Movers .61% of the geographical area of the state Agriculture: Rice. Jackfruit. Lurisayro. Santhali. cardamom.6% Population Density: 414 per sq km (1.966. Deepavali. Nanhai. Neighbouring States: The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north. Shin. Khond. sugarcane and tobacco are among the other crops produced in the state. Of Districts: 30 Area:191. Sippi. Jitia Puja. Banjara. Uatha. coconut. Chero. arecanut. Agaria. Gond. Sauria Paharia. which is 29. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited. another traditional folk dance of the region. Ho Date of Establishment: 15th November 2000 Population: 32. Durga Puja and many more are some of the most celebrated festivals. Chau. Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west. Karmali. Of Districts: 24 Area: 79. Cashews. Gorait. Lohra Santal. Art & Culture: Dances: The Dumhal is a famous dance in the Kashmir Valley.714 sq.130. raw silk and tomatoes among the states in India.720 sq. Chaukare. chillies. Beda. km(74.60% Population Density: 320/ sq. Gujjar. Ghatwari. Teej.051 sq mi) Language: Kannada Date of Establishment:1st November 1956 Population: (830/ sq mi) Forest Area: 38. Oraon. Brokpa. Agriculture: The main crops: rice. Pulses. Kawar. Kharwar. Vat savitri puja. performed by men of the Wattal region whereas women perform the Rouff. Santhal. Odisha to the south. Ho. km (30.791 sq. Kora.778 sq mi) Language: Hindi. Mundari. Karnataka is the largest producer of coarse cereals. ragi. jowar. Garra.238 Literacy Rate: 67. Binjhia. Sarhul. Korwa. Paika.070/sq mi) Forest Area: 23. Bedia. Bathudi. Kharia. Karnataka occupies the second position in India in terms of production and 700 tons of flowers (worth ` 500 million) were produced in 2004–05. Art & Culture: (a) Dance: The most popular folk dances of Jharkhand are Jhumar. coffee. Jamda. and pulses (Tur and gram) besides oilseeds and number of cash crops. Mudi-Kora. of forest area. Animal: Kashmir Stag (Cervus elaphus hanglin) Bird: Black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) `` Jharkhand Also known as: “the Land of jungles” and “jharis”(bushes) Capital: Ranchi Largest City: Jamshedpur No. Bot. Makar Sankranti. Tribes: Balti.7 Gilgit–Baltistan in the west and northwest respectively. Mango and Litchi Industry: Mining is the primary and most important source of economy for the state as it accounts to 40% of mineral resources of the state.704 Literacy Rate:75. Baiga. Chik Baraik. Indian Telephone Industries. Bakarwal. Kol Animal: Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Bird: Asian koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) `` Karnataka Capital: Bengaluru Largest City: Bengaluru No. Blackberry. Tribes: Asur. and West Bengal to the east. Natwa. Changpa. Bhumij. Boto. (b) Festivals: Karam festival. Purigpa. Mon. Industry: National Aerospace Laboratories. Munda. maize. Kisan. Savar. cotton. Dard.605 sq. Drokpa. Gaddi. Sohrai.

Bolak-aat. Kurumans. Of Districts:14 Area: 38. Industry: Software giants like Art & Culture: (a) Dance: Mysore style of Bharatanatyam is the oldest and most popular dance form and is widely performed in Karnataka. and spices—including cardamom.689 sq.91% Population Density: 860/sq.677 Literacy Rate: 93. Goa to the north west. Maratha Patelia. cinnamon.863 sq. (3. with varieties grown in extensive paddy fields. Basava Jayanthi. Of Districts: 51 Area: 308. Maleru. Animal: Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Bird: Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) `` Madhya Pradesh Also known as: “Heart of India” Capital: Bhopal Largest City: Indore No. Makar Sankranti (the harvest festival).597. English Date of Establishment: 1st July 1949 Population: 33. Dubla. Ganesh (610/ sq mi) Forest Area: 94. Malayekandi. Telangana to the North east. Soligaru. Maha Malasar.991 sq mi) Agriculture: Kerala produces 97% of the national output of black pepper and accounts for 85% of the area under natural rubber in the country.8 Limited (BEML). vanilla.014 sq mi) Language: Hindi Date of Establishment: 1st November 1956 Population: 72. coffee. Coconut. and Kerala to the south west. UST Global. Konda. Art & Culture: (a) Dance: The classical dance forms of Kerala are Kathakali. Mohiniyattam. Nest. Bharat Electronics Limited. Tamil Nadu to the south east.336 sq. Chenchu. The Grand Kerala Shopping Festival (GKSF) claimed to be “Asia’s largest shopping festival” was started in the year 2007. Tribes: Adiyan. and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. Rathawa. Capgemini. (2. Ugadi (Kannada New Year).387. (b) Festivals: Onam is a harvest festival celebrated by the people of Kerala. Siddi.560 sq mi) .565 Literacy Rate: 70. Neighbouring States: It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and north east. Neighbouring States: Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea and the Laccadive Sea to the west. Bavacha. Ummatt-aat and Komb-aat are some of the other forms of folk dances in the state. Thiruvananthapuram is also the “IT Hub of Kerala” and accounts for around 80% of the software exports. Hindustan Machine Tools and Indian subsidiaries of Volvo and Toyota are headquartered in Bangalore. Koodiyattom. Nagapanchami. The key agricultural staple is rice. Maharashtra to the north. and Ramzan are the other major festivals of Karnataka. cashew. Malaikudi. Andhra Pradesh to the east. HCL. Chodhara. Bhil. Tamil Nadu to the east and south.60% Population Density: 236/sq. Koraga. Suntec and IBS have offices in the state. Vitolia Indian Elephant (Elephas Animal: maximus indicus) Bird: Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) `` Kerala Also known as: God’s own country Capital: Thiruvananthapuram Largest City: Kochi No. Deepavali. tea. and nutmeg comprise a critical agricultural sector. Sholaga. Oracle. Tata Consultancy (119. Thullal and Krishnanattam. Malasar. Varli.245 sq.005 sq mi) Language: (36. (b) Festivals: Mysore Dasara is celebrated as the state festival of Mysore.200/ sq mi) Forest Area: 10.

Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Badhai. Kharia. (b) Festivals: Shivratri. mustard and arhar. Cash crops include sugarcane. (950/ sq mi) Forest Area: 61. Bahgoriya.365 (23. Industry: Mining and Ordinance factories comprise the major industries. Navratri. (b) Festivals: Vijayadashami or Dasara. Gujarat. rapeseed. Tertali. Shaitan. rice. Telangana. The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat.9 Agriculture: The state has an agrarian economy. Barda. including Hindustan Petroleum (300/ sq mi) Forest Area: 14. Kathodi. Pomla. Jawara. Halba. Industry: Mumbai is also known as the financial capital of India and houses major corporate and financial institutions.713 Koli dance is yet another form of folk dance. Diwali. Rathawa. Birhul. Jawara. Rai. oilseeds. Diwali. Kamar. Sher. 1972 Population: 2. Khairwar. cotton. Some cash crops suited for Manipur . Sawar. sugarcane. soybean. Bhunjia. maize.939 sq. Simollanghan is a ritual performed on Dasara or Viajaya Dashami day in Maharashtra. It is home for variety of rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants.621 sq mi) Language: Meeteilon Date of establishment: 21st Jan. and Rajasthan to the northwest. Bavacha. Kol. Varli. Gujarat to the west. Staples such as rice and millet are the main monsoon crops. and Maanch are some of the majore dance forms.972 Literacy Rate: 82. Neighbouring States: It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast. Vitolia Animal: Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica) Bird: Yellow footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera) `` Manipur Also known as: “Gateway to the East” Capital: Imphal Largest city: Imphal No. Holi. Maharashtra contributes 25% of the country’s industrial output and is manufacturing hub for some of the largest public sector industries in India. Dussehra. Bhaina. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Lavani is the most popular form of dance in the state. Of districts: 36 Area: 307. Charkula.9% Population Density: 370/sq. Akhara. Eid. Parja. Animal: Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii) Bird: Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Trepsiphone paradisi) `` Maharashtra Capital: Mumbai Largest city: Mumbai No.327 sq. Of districts: 9 Area: 22. cotton. Madhya Pradesh and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Tribes: Andh.390 Literacy Rate: 79. Baiga. Navaratri.809 sq mi) Language: Marathi Date of establishment: 1st May 1960 Population: 112. Kokna. tobacco. Neighbouring States: It shares its border with Arabian Sea to the west and states of Karnataka.21% Population Density: 120/sq.570. Krishna Janamashtmi and many more. Saira. Chhattisgarh. Tata Petrodyne and Oil India Ltd. Thakur. vegetables and spices such as turmeric. Chhattisgarh to the south-east. Goa. fruit. Maharashtra to the south.915 sq mi) Agriculture: Agriculture and allied activities contributes 12. Agriculture: Manipur’s climate and soil conditions are ideally suited for horticultural crops.9% to the state’s income. Patelia. gram.

ginger. Dimasa. making it one of India’s largest contributors to its bamboo industry.429 sq. lemon. Horticultural crops like orange. The state is covered with over 3. pineapple. tezpatta. Industry: Meghalaya has a rich base of natural resources which include minerals such as coal. pineapple. Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units and number of craftspersons. pear and plum. passion fruit. betelvine. Mizo. Zou. Boro. Synteng. Christmas.84% Population Density: 130/sq. Of districts: 11 Area: 22. Maring. and Assam to the west. jack fruits and fruits such as plum. cottage and trade driven. black pepper. Lakher. Pawi. Chumpha. Animal: Sangai (Cervus eldi) Bird: Mrs.660 sq mi) Language: English. areca nut. . Suhte. Thadou. Kang and Heikru Hidongba. The important cash crops potato. Chothe. Mizoram to the south.496 sq. Kuki.000 square km of bamboo forests. Garo. Hmar.087 sq. Kaolin and granite among others.964. Cheiraoba. banana. Tribes: Chakma.58% Population Density: 52/sq. Humes Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) `` Meghalaya Also known as: “the abode of the clouds” Capital: Shillong Largest city: Shillong No. orange. sillimanite. mustard and rapeseed etc. turmeric. (b) Festivals: Shivratri. Angami.014 Literacy Rate: 91. Ganngai. Mikir. (340/ sq mi) Forest Area: 9. papaya. Tribes: Aimol.007 Literacy Rate: 75. lemon.10 include litchi. Industry: Its economy is primarily agriculture. wheat and a few other cereals and pulses. litchi. Of districts: 8 Area: Koireng. jute. Khasi and Garo Date of establishment: 21 January 1972 Population: 2. walnuts. Neighbouring States: This state is bounded to the south by the districts of greater Mymensingh and the Division of Sylhet and the west by the Division of Rangpur of Bangladesh and the north and the east by Assam. Raba.142 sq mi) Language: Mizo Date of establishment: 20th February 1987 Population: 1.666 sq mi) Agriculture: Basically an agricultural state with about 80% of population depending entirely on agriculture for their (3. maize. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Manipuri dance (Ras Lila) (b) Festivals: The various festivals of Manipur are Lui-ngai-ni Ningol Chakouba. Lamgang. Yaoshang. Kabui. Jaintia. limestone. mi) . Mizo. Man. in the entire northeastern region of India. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Nongkrem` is an important folkdance from the Meghalaya. Neighbouring States: It is bounded by Nagaland to the north. Hmar. Vaiphui. short-staple cotton. and Wangala or the harvest Festival. Maram. Naga. Gangte. Khasi. Koch. Hajong. Chiru. Burma lies to its east. Anal. Rice. Kom. Tangkh. Nongkrem Dance Festival. Animal: Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) Bird: Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) `` Mizoram Also known as: “land of the hill people” Capital: Aizawl Largest city: Aizawl No. forestry. peach. pear and peach. guava. cashew nuts.

Tribes: Chakma. Tokhu Emong and Yemshe are some of the important festivals celebrated by the various Naga tribes. Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. Synteng.401 sq mi) Language: English Date of establishment: 1st December 1963 Population: Kuki. Industry: Industries like manufacturing. Kachari. (b) Festivals: Nagaland is known as the land of festivals. Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north. Christmas and Easter. Mikir.980.947. millet. fisheries and sericulture Neighbouring States: The state shares borders with three of the seven sister states. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Cheraw. mining and quarrying. Khasi. Sekrenyi. Rice remains the largest crop grown in the state. Thalfavang Kut. Paite.000 hectares (3. woodwork. Neighbouring States: It borders the state of Assam to the west. The state is the fourth largest shrimp producing state in India.45% Population Density: 270/sq. Of districts: 11 Area: 16. Industry: Handloom.358 Literacy Rate: 73. namely Tripura. (310/ sq mi) Forest Area: About one-sixth of the state’s area is covered by tropical and subtropical evergreen (700/ sq mi) Forest Area: 48. Jaintia.11% Population Density: 119/sq. Industry: Forestry is also an important source of income.602 Literacy Rate: 80. electricity. cardamom. Tsukhenyie. English Date of establishment: 1st April 1936 Population: 41. Hajong.820 sq. are also grown in some parts. Mimkut. Cottage industries such as weaving.11 Forest Area: 1. Chheihla. Aoling. and pottery are also an important source of revenue. followed by condiments and spices. fruits are the second largest category. Animal: Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) Bird: Mrs. Mikir. Assam. maize. Of districts: 30 Area: 155. Dimasa.594. Manipur and a 722 km border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. Naga. Khuallam. forestry. Chai (b) Festivals: Chapchar Kut. Plantation crops such as premium coffee. Lakher.160 sq mi) Language: Odia. Tuluni.579 sq. Bishu.000 acres) Agriculture:55% to 60% of the working population of the state is annually deployed on agriculture. and tea are grown in hilly areas in small Kuki.903 sq. Agriculture: Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha and is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Mim Kut. like sugarcane and potato. Cash crops. Tribes: Naga. Hmar. Garo Animal: Gaur (Bos gaurus) Bird:Blyth’s Tragopan (Tragopan blythii) `` Odisha Capital: Bhubaneshwar Largest city: Bhubaneshwar No. Man. Pawi. Garo. Agriculture: The main crops of the state are rice. The Hornbill Festival in December.940. horticulture industries. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Zeliang is the one of the most artistic dance forms. Pawl Kut. Nyaknylum. gas and . Humes pheasant (Syrmaticus humaie) `` Nagaland Also known as: “falcon capital of the world” Capital: Kohima Largest city: Dimapur No. and pulses.

Haryana to the south and southeast. Ho. Kandha.12 water supply. NALCO and Vedanta. two of the biggest aluminium plants are in Odisha which makes the state leading producer of aluminium in the state. Chenchu. Kumar Purnima. “India’s bread-basket” Capital: Chandigarh Largest city: Ludhiana No. and 11% of India’s rice. Punjab also has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India. Rajuar. Bathudi. Of districts: 22 Area: 50. Of districts: 33 Area: 342. Rajasthani Date of establishment: 1st November 1956 Population: 73. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Bhangra and Giddha are the major dance forms of the state. Santal. Jharkhand to the north. Mela Maghi. tourism. Pentia. Vasant Panchami. 19. Mahali. Telangana to the south-west and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Hola (520/ sq mi) Agriculture: Wheat. sports goods. Rajasthan to the southwest.5% of India’s wheat. Dal. which are located in “Steel Town”—Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district. Chhau dance. Saora. Animal: Sambar (Rusa unicolor) Bird: Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) `` Punjab Also known as: “Granary of India”. Kolha. garments. . (19.68% Population Density: 550/sq. Prathamastami. Animal: Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Bird: Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) `` Rajasthan Name: Rajasthan Capital: Jaipur Largest city: Jaipur No. fertilisers. and Gotipua. Teeyan and Basant. and the processing of pine oil and sugar. textiles. Holva. Lohri. Rakhri. Gond. Ganesh Chaturthi. and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. Birhor. electrical goods. fruits and vegetables are also grown.139 sq mi) Language: Hindi. km (1.68% Population Density: 201/sq. machine tools. Munda. To the north it is bounded by the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The state produces 10. sugarcane. Didayi. pulses. Kol. Neighbouring States: It shares its borders with states of West Bengal to the north-east. Kolah Laharas. Deepabali. Ghara. The largest producers of . Maha Shivaratri. Rice. Gandia. Raja Parba are some of the major festivals celebrated across Odisha. Neighbouring States: The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east. Mankidi.445 sq mi) Language: Punjabi Date of establishment: 15th August 1947 Population: 27. Mahari dance.26% of India’s cotton. (b) Festivals: Bandi Chhor Divas (Diwali).400/ sq mi) Agriculture: Wheat is the most important crop of the state. Ratha Yatra. bicycles. Other dance forms include: Ghumura Dance. sewing machines.704. Cotton and tobacco are the main cash crops.236 Literacy Rate: 76.362 sq. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Odissi is one of the oldest and most important classical dance forms in the state. barley. Koli. sugarcane and oilseeds are cultivated over large areas. (b) Festivals: Durga Puja.529. and construction are dominant in the state.325 Literacy Rate: 67. starch. Kol Loharas. Tribes: Bagata. Vaisakhi. financial services. agricultural goods. Industry: Industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments. Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west.239 sq.

wheat. Saga Dawa. and Bhutan to the east. Bhumchu. agriculture.2% Population Density: 86/sq. Maghe Sankranti. Loosong. Limboo. Mango and banana are the leading fruit crops.058 sq. Holi. Muharram and Christmas are the major festivals celebrated in the state. Tamang Date of establishment: 16th May 1975 Population: 607.147.743 sq mi) Agriculture: Rice is the leading crop and the Cauvery delta region is known as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. Newari.33 % Population Density: 550/sq. Losar. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south. oranges.13 edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. The state has also invested in a fledgling gambling industry. heavy industries. and drumstick.096 sq. Neighbouring States: It shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west. (b) Festivals: Diwali. Drupka Teshi. distilling. Lepcha. tea and cardamom are grown (1. promoting both casinos and online gambling. Gogaji. Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami Animal: Chinkara (Gazella bennettii) Bird: Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) `` Sikkim Capital: Gangtok Largest city: Gangtok No.030 Literacy Rate: 80. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer (b) Festivals: Deepawali. electronics. Industry: Textiles. millet. The second largest producer of polyester fibre in India. barley. tomato. The biggest woolproducing state in India and the main opium producer and Manggar. Sherpa. Shri Devnarayan Jayanti. Madhya Pradesh to the southeast. Lepcha. maize. Bhutia. Dussera. engineering. Of districts: 4 Area: (2.400/ sq mi) Forest Area: 22. onion. and textile based. Sikkim is the leading producer of cardamom in India Industry: Brewing. Neighbouring States: The state is bordered by Nepal to the west.216 sq mi) Language: Tamil Date of establishment: 26th January 1950 Population: 72. Limbu. Sunwar. Elsewhere it is bordered by the other Indian states: Punjab to the north. China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east. and automobiles are the leading industries of the state. Gangaur. Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast.740 sq mi) Language: Literacy Rate: 82. Teej. Bhimsen Puja. Industry: Main industries are mineral. Tamang Animal: Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) Bird: Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) `` Tamil Nadu Capital: Chennai Largest city: Chennai No. The main vegetables grown are tapioca. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Singhi Chham is a masked dance of Sikkim. Integral Coach Factory which is . and Gujarat to the southwest. Tribes: Bhutia. Of districts: 32 Area: 130. The Playwin lottery has been a notable success in the state. (220/sq mi) Forest Area: 81% of the state area Agriculture: Crops such as Rice.643 sq. Eid ul-Fitr. Gurung. leather. along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. brinjal(eggplant). Lhabab Duechen. tanning and watches are the main industries.

Dhimsa. Khasia. Varalakshmi Vratam. Chhattisgarh to the north. Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi.50% Population Density: 310/sq. Deepavali.978 Literacy Rate: 66.65% Population Density: 350/sq. Chaimal.340 sq mi) Language: Telugu. horticulture. and Chindu. mamita AndhraNatyam. Urdu Date of establishment: 2nd June 2014 Population: 35. Garoo. (b) Festivals: Sankranti. Riang. mesta. Bhamakalapam. Art & Culture: (a) Classical dance forms (Sastriya Nrutyam) such as Kuchipudi. Easter are celebrated in the state. Vinayaka Chaviti. Lambadi. south.73% of the state Agriculture: Rice. It also shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.69 sq. Veeranatyam. Mag . Ayudha Poojai. Tribes: Bhil. Jackfruit and pineapple are among the horticultural products. and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Maha Shivaratri. Muharram. and Assam and Mizoram to the east. Tappeta Gullu. spices. and Andhra Pradesh. Jhum dance. Industry: Brickfields and tea industry Neighbouring States: The state is bordered by Bangladesh to the north. Kuki. sugarcane. Halam. Mango. Milad un Nabi. Bakrid. potato.032 Literacy Rate: 94. Chakma. Munda. Noatia. Eid ul-Fitr. and Karnataka to the west. and mosak sulmani dance are some of the dance forms of the state. Atla Tadde.840 sq. and west. and folk dances such as Butta bommalu. Santal. Sri Rama Navami.86 sq mi) Language: Bengali and Kokborok Date of establishment: 21st Jan. Of districts: 10 Area: 114. Cotton and Sugar cane Industry: Automobiles and auto components industry.14 located in Perambur is the largest producer of railway coaches in Asia.050. Orang. Other important crops are Maize. Animal: Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Bird: Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) `` Telangana Capital: Hyderabad Largest city: Hyderabad No. Tripura . Animal: Chital (Zinka) Bird:Pala Pitta (Coracias benghalensis) `` Tripura Capital: Agartala Largest city: Agartala No. Karnataka. Art & Culture: Goria dance. Other forms of folk dances are Karakattam. pulses. (b) Festivals: Pongal is the most celebrated festival of the (790 / sq mi) Agriculture: Rice is the major food crop and staple food of the state. east and north east. Dasara. Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara). Ugadi or the Telugu New Year. Neighbouring States: The state is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the south Indian states of Kerala. mines and minerals. Of districts: 8 Area: 10. lebang dance.193. Good (910/ sq mi) Forest Area: 57. 1972 Population: 3. textiles and apparels. Other major festivals are Deepavali. Bhutia.491.671. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Bharatanatyam is the famous dance forms of Tamail Nadu. poultry farming Neighbouring States: The state shares its borders with Maharashtra. and jute are some of the crops grown in the state. Deepothsavam during the Deepavali season. pharmaceutical.

7% Population Density: 820/sq. (b) Festivals: Kumbh Mela. textiles. Saharya. Kandali Festival.63% Population Density: 189/sq. electrical equipment.403 sq mi) Agriculture: Wheat is the major food crop. Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north. groundnuts.477 Literacy Rate: 69. Industry: Tourism and hydropower are the major industries of the state. pulses. Nauchandi mela. Of districts: 20 `` Uttarakhand Also known as: “Land of the Gods” Capital: Dehradun Largest city: Dehradun No. Kumaoni Date of establishment: 9th November 2000 Population: 10. Ganga Mahotsava. Chero. Tharu Animal: Musk deer (Moschus cupreus) Bird: Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) `` West Bengal .km Agriculture: Basmati rice.483 (490/ sq mi) Forest Area: 34651 sq. Janmashtami. Jhumaila. soybeans. Animal: Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) Bird: Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) Also known as: ‘Hindi heartland of India’ Capital & Largest city: Lucknow Capital & Largest city: Kolkata No. Baiga. wheat. Kabob and Hanuman Jayanti. Tribes: Bhotia. Kanwar Yatra. Maha Shivaratri. Gonda. and oil seeds are the major crops grown in the state. Tribes: Bhotia. coarse cereals.583 sq. Chhattisgarh to the south and Madhya Pradesh to the southwest. leather. Moharram. Raji. Chauphula. and ( Mahavir Jayanti.752 Literacy Rate: 79. the Mahakali Zone of the FarWestern Region. Garhwali. Ramman. Baiga. Ayudha Puja. Jaunsari. Bakreed. Kharwar. Nepal on the east. Lucknow Mahotsav. steel. Buddha Purnima. Hurka Baul. Of districts: 13 Area: 53. Jharkhand to the southeast. Neighbouring States: It borders Tibet on the north. Jhora-Chanchri. Makar Sankranti. Barah Wafat. Vijayadashami. Buksa. railway coaches.650 sq mi) Language: (6. frigates. Bihar to the east. Harela mela. Barada Nati. Buksa.933 sq mi) Language: Hindi. Rama Navami. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Langvir Nritya. Pankha.15 Animal: Phayre’s Langur (Trachypithecus phayrel) Bird:Green Imperial Pigeon (Dacula genea) `` Uttar Pradesh No. jewellery. Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Kathak is most popular dance form. Sardhana Christian Fair. Industry: Major industries include electronics. Urdu Date of establishment: 1st April 1937 as the United Provinces Population: 199. Haryana and Delhi to the northwest. (2. and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest.100/ sq mi) Forest Area: 16. Uttarayani mela and Nanda Devi Mela take place. Vasant Panchami. Of districts: 75 Area: 243. automobiles. etc Neighbouring States: The state shares its border with Rajasthan to the west. Parahiya. Tharu. Eid.286 sq. Sanskrit. and sugarcane is the main commercial crop with 70% of sugar produce from the state. (b) Festivals: Diwali. Jaunsari. Chhath puja. Bhuiya. Raji. cables.

Santal. Bihar. Forest Area: 43% of the land is under forest cover Agriculture: paddy. food products. Shom. Yere. Muharram. potato. (2. electrical equipment etc are the major manufacturing industries of West Bengal. Neighbouring states: The union territory shares its border with Haryana and Punjab. Kora. Oraon.9% Population Density: 9. Hindi.752 (6. Forest Area: 86.073 sq. jewellery. Nobanno. ragi.267 sq mi) Language: Bengali and English Date of establishment: 15th August 1947 Population: 91. Chero. Kali Puja. oilseeds and vegetables Industry: Small scale industries and handicraft units. Rabha.08% Population Density: 1. Sauria Paharia. small millets.2% of the total land area. (39 sq mi) Language: English. and electrical appliances are some of the major industries. Tabo. Poila Baishakh (the Bengali New Year). Bojigiyab.054. Kol. Christmas Tribes: Asur.300/sq. Eid ul-Adha. Kede. Dolyatra or (34. sugarcanes Industry: Agriculture. leather. Animal: Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) Kingfisher Bird: White-breasted (Halcyon smyrnensis) `` Andaman and Nicobar Islands Capital & Largest city: Port Blair No. jowar. Parhaiya.805 sq mi) Language: English.736 Literacy Rate: 77. `` Dadra and Nagar Haveli Capital: Silvassa Area: 102 sq. automobiles. Saraswati Puja. Hindi.000/sq mi) Industry: Pharmaceuticals. Punjabi Date of establishment:1st Nov. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of the union territory.853 Literacy Rate: 77. and Assam Art & Culture: (a) Dances: Chau dance and many other folk dances. Eid ul-Fitr. Jharkhand. Gond. Savar. Baiga. electronics. machinery. Industries. Hindi Date of establishment:1st November 1956 Population: 379. and the states of Odisha.700/sq mi) Forest Area: 16.000/sq. Tribes: Andamanese.16 Area: 88. Sikkim. Nicobarese. Animal Husbandry and Tourism .km(3. Laxmi Puja. Sentinelese. frigates. Gujarati. Munda. Jarawas. Agriculture: Paddy.944 Literacy Rate:86. Garo. Haja Mru. Bo. Neighbouring States: The state is surrounded by the countries of Bangladesh. Onges. Chik Baraik. Juwai. Nepal and Bhutan. (b) Festivals: Durga Puja. (24. Balawa. 1966 Population:1. Limbu.488 sq mi) Agriculture: Rice. Chariar. Marathi Date of establishment: 11th August 1961 Population: 342. Nagesia. sugarcane and wheat Industry: steel. Chari. Bedia. Christmas. Forestry. Poush Parbon. Buddha Purnima.27% Population Density:46 per sq.117 sq mi) Language: English. `` Chandigarh Also known as: “Wealthiest Town of India” Area:114 sq.65% Population Density: 698 per sq. Of districts: 3 Area: 8.686 Literacy Rate: 81.

34% Population Density:2. coconuts. Dubla (Halpati). Animal: Squirrel (Sciuridae ratufinae) Bird: Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) . Punjabi.007. Eid ul-Fitr. Gujarati. banking.297 per sq.34% Population Density: 11. Bird: House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) `` Puducherry Capital & Largest city: Pondicherry No. medicines. computer hardware. production of fibre products.17 Neighbouring states: It is surrounded by Valsad District of Gujarat on the West.0 sq. cotton yarn and tourism are the major industries.600/ sq mi) Agriculture: Rice. Guru Nanak’s Birthday.244. Industry: Major industries include distillery. Of districts: 11 Area: 1. hotels. Varli. Art & Culture: Festivals: Diwali (the festival of lights). km Industry: Information technology. fishing andtourism Neighbouring states: Gujarat Tribes: Dhodia. telecommunications. Bakra Eid and Milad-Un-Nabi are the most celebrated festivals. Moharram and Buddha Jayanti. Muharram. Tamil. Urdu Date of establishment: 1st Feb 1992 Population: 11. Hindi. Of districts: 1 Area: 32 sq. media and tourism Neighbouring states: Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.500/sq. Durga Puja.835 Literacy Rate: 86. sports goods. North and East and by Thane District of Maharashtra on the South and South-East. Holi. `` Daman and Diu Capital: Daman Area: 102 sq. Maha Shivratri. textile. Marathi Date of establishment: 30 May 1987 Population: Malayalam. pulses.28% Population Density: 2013 per sq. tourism and desalination are major industries Neighbouring states: Kerala and Karnataka Art & Culture: Festivals: Eid-Ul-Fitr. Of districts: 4 Chief Minister: N. Rangaswamy Area: 492 sq.464 Literacy Rate: 86.473 Literacy Rate: 92. fish (Chaetodon Animal: Butterfly decussatus) Bird: Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscata) `` National Capital Territory of Delhi Capital: New Delhi No. Siddi. Telugu Date of establishment: 7 Jan 1963 Population:1. Krishna Janmastami. Agriculture: fishing and coconut cultivation Industry: Fisheries.911 Literacy Rate: 87. and cotton Industry: Fisheries. Malayalam Date of establishment: 1st November 1956 Population: (190 sq mi) Language: French.0 sq mi) Language: (39 sq mi) Language: English. `` Lakshadweep Capital: Kavaratti Largest city: Andrott No. automobile parts. Raksha Bandhan. leather goods. Naikda (Talavia) (12 sq mi) Language: English.07% Population Density: 2169 per sq. Mahavir (6.

18 FOUR ENDS OF INDIA End Points Places Northern most Siachen Glacier Western most Guhar Moti in Kutch. Radhakrishnan . Gujarat Southern most Eastern most Kanya Kumari District (Cape Comorin) Kibithu Village.P. Zakir Hussain James Hicky Satyendra Nath Tagore Rakesh Sharma Morarji Desai General Cariappa Gen. Jawahar Lal Nehru Rabindranath Tagore W. Zakhir Hussain Dr.C. Rajendra Prasad Pt. Zakhir Hussain Charan Singh S.V.Raman Dr.H. Banerjee Badruddin Tayyabji Dr. Rajgopalachari(1948-1950) Dr.S India’s first man in Space The first Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full term The first Indian Commander-in-Chief of India The first Chief of Army Staff The first Indian Member of the Viceroy’s executive council The first President of India who died while in office The first Muslim President of Indian Republic The first Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliament The first Field Marshal of India The first Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award Lord Clive(1758-60) Warren Hastings(1772-74) Lord Warren Hasting(1774-1885) Lord William Bentinck(1833-1835) Lord Canning(1856-62) Lord Mountbatten(1947-1948) C.C. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji S. Manekshaw C. Arunachal Pradesh FIRST IN INDIA (MALE) First governor of Bengal Last governor of Bengal The first British Governor General of Bengal The first British Governor General of India The first British Viceroy of India The first Governor General of free India The first and the last Indian to be Governor General of free India The first President of Indian Republic The first Prime Minister of free India The first Indian to win Nobel Prize The first President of Indian National Congress The first Muslim President of Indian National Congress The first Muslim President of India The first man who introduced printing press in India The first Indian to join the I.F.Sinha Dr.

D. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi C.B. 1883 Durga Banerjee . Tata (1929) FIRST IN INDIA (FEMALE) The first woman Airline Pilot Shanno Devi Indira Gandhi Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Bachhendri Pal Santosh Yadav Annie Besant Harita Kaur Dayal Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu.D. Kania J. Mukherjee Vice Admiral R. Everest without oxygen The first person to get Param Vir Chakra The first Chief Election Commissioner The first person to receive Magsaysay Award The first person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in Medicine The first Chinese traveller to visit India The first person to receive Stalin Prize The first person to resign from the Central Cabinet The first person to receive Nobel Prize in Economics The first Chief Justice of Supreme Court The first Indian Pilot Mihir Sen Sri Shankar Kurup Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar Dr. Katari Dr.19 The first Indian to cross English Channel The first Person to receive Jnanpith award The first Speaker of the Lok Sabha The first Vice-President of India The first Education Minister The first Home minister of India The first Indian Air Chief Marshal The first Indian Naval Chief The first Judge of International Court of Justice The first person to reach Mt. Nagendra Singh Sherpa Anga Dorjee The first lady to become Miss World The first woman judge in Supreme Court The first woman Ambassador The first woman Governor of a state in free India The first woman Speaker of a State Assembly The first woman Prime Minister The first woman Minister in a Government The first woman to climb Mount Everest The first woman to climb Mount Everest twice The first woman President of Indian National Congress The first woman pilot in Indian Air Force The first woman Graduates Reita Faria Mrs.R. Radhakrishnan Abdul Kalam Azad Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel S. Muthamma Sarojini Naidu Major Somnath Sharma Sukumar Sen Acharya Vinoba Bhave Hargovind Khurana Fa-hein Saifuddin Kitchlu Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Amartya Sen Justice Hirala J.

2000 Kamlijit Sandhu The first woman IPS officer The first and last Muslim woman ruler of India The first woman to receive Ashoka Chakra The first woman to receive Gyanpith Award The first woman to cross English Channel The first woman to receive Nobel Prize The first woman to receive Bharat Ratna Kiran Bedi Razia Sultan Neerja Bhanot Ashapurna Devi Arati Saha Mother Teresa Indira Gandhi Cornelia Sorabjee Vijaya Laxmi Pandit Sucheta Kripalani Roze Millian Bethew Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya Anna Chandy (She became judge in a district court in 1937) The first woman Cheif Justice of High Court Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh High Court) The first woman Judge in Supreme Court of Kumari Justice M. Everest Sherpa Tenzing Norgay & Sir Edmund Hillary (29th May . 1886 Karnam Malleswari.1953) First man to reach South Pole Ronald Amundsen First man to reach North Pole First religion of the world First country to print books First country to issue paper currency Robert Peary Santosh Dharma China China First country to start Civil Services China Competition First President of United States of America George Washington . Bandopadhyaya The first woman chairperson of Indian Airlines Sushma Chawla FIRST IN THE WORLD (MALE & FEMALE) First men to climb Mt.20 The first woman Honours Graduate The first woman Olympic medal Winner The first woman Asian Games Gold Medal Winner The first woman Lawyer The first woman President of United Nations General Assembly The first woman Chief Minister of an Indian State The first woman Chairman of Union Public Service Commission The first woman Director General of Police The first woman Judge Kamini Roy. Fathima Beevi India The first woman Lieutenant General Puneeta Arora The first woman Air Vice Marshal P.

Bulganin visit India First University of the world Taxila University First Space Shuttle Launched Columbia First man to set foot on the Moon First man to go into space First space ship landed on Mars First woman Prime Minister of England Neil Armstrong (U. Everest S. The Great . Vijayalakshmi Pandit (1953) assembly First European Invader of Indian soil Alexander. Sun Yat-sen Heroshima (Japan) was Japan First Russian (Soviet) Prime Minister to V.21 First prime Minister of great Britain First secretary general of United Nations Robert Walpole Trigve Lie First country to make education compulsory Prussia First country to win the world cup Football Uruguay (1930) First country to make a constitution United States of America First European to visit China Marco Polo Pakistan’s first Governor General Mohammed Ali Jinnah First Summit of NAM was organized in Belgrade (former Yugoslavia) First men to fly an aeroplane Wright Brothers First person to sail around the world First country to send human to Moon First country to launch satellite into space Ferdinand Magellan United States of America Russia (former USSR) First country to host the modern Olympic Greece games First President of the Republic of China First city to be attacked with Atom bomb First Radio Telescope launched into space by Satellite Dr.1976) Margaret Thacher First woman Prime Minister of any Muslim Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan) country First woman Prime Minister of a country First woman cosmonaut in space First woman to climb Mt. Bhandarnayake (Sri Lanka) Valentina Tereshkova (USSR) Junko Tabei (Japan ) First deaf and dumb to cross the Strait of Taranath Shenoy (India) Gibraltar First woman president of UN General Smt.I.S.A) Major Yuri Gagarin (USSR) Viking –I (July.

Leh Air Port in Ladakh (3256 m/ 16080 ft high) •• Highest Hydel Power StationRongtong Hydel Project in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh.H. Amritsar •• Largest Mosque – Jama Masjid. Delhi (built by Shah Jahan in 1644-58) •• Largest Man-made Lake – Govind Sagar (Bhakra) •• Largest Dome – Gol Gumbaz (Karnataka) •• Largest Cantilever Bridge – Howrah Bridge •• Longest Railway Tunnel. & Suilt Pradhom (France ) Jin F.S. Built by Akbar (53. Karnataka •• Largest Residence – Antilia Bhawan built by Mukesh Ambani Ranger fish (Norway) Tinbergen (Holland) & Maria Estela Peron (Argentina) John Dennis Tito Mrs. Wonn Behring (Germany) (Medical Science) First man to win Nobel Prize Economics First woman President of a country First Space Tourist (Male) First Space Tourist (Female) SUPERLATIVES : INDIA Structures: •• Highest Tower ( Minaret ) – Qutub Minar •• Higher Gateway – Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri near Agra.22 First woman to reach the North pole Ms. Dunant (Switzerland) & Frederic Peiry (France) W. •• Highest Mountain PeakKanchenjunga •• Highest Road.K. Everest First Asian to win Wimbledon Trophy First man to win Nobel Prize for Literature First man to win Nobel Prize for Peace First man to win Nobel prize for Physics First man to win Nobel prize for Chemistry Caroline Michaelson Anaximander Richard Wass Arthur Ashe (U.5 m /175 ft High) •• Highest Dam – Bhakra Dam •• Highest Bridge – Chenab Bridge •• Highest Airport.A) Rene F. Roentgen (Germany) J. Hyderabad •• Largest Museum – National Museum Delhi •• Largest River Barrage – Farakka Barrage •• Biggest Auditorium (Mumbai) – Sri Shanmukhanand Hall •• Largest zoo – Arignar Anna Zoological Park •• Largest Cave Temple – Ellora •• Largest Gurudwara – Golden Temple. Fran First man to compile Encyclopaedia Aspheosis (Athens) First woman to reach Antartica First man to draw the map of earth First eldest man to climb Mt.Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (11 km) . Wenthoff (Holland) First man to win Nobel Prize Medicine A.A.Jog Waterfall.E.Road at Khardungla in the Leh-Manali Sector •• Highest Waterfall. Anousheh Ansari •• Largest Cinema Hall – Prasad Max.

National Botanical Garden in Kolkata •• Largest Church. •• Largest Delta.Madhya Pradesh •• Largest Scheduled Caste.Lulu Mall Kochi Most Populous City. Delhi •• Largest Concentration of Scheduled Tribes.9.6 km. Kolkata.St. (situated at an altitude of 3.Community Santhal •• Longest River Bridge – Bandra-Worli sea link which is 5.048 m /10.8 km wide) Longest Railway Bridge – Nehru Setu Bridge (4.4 km long) Longest Glacier-Siachen Glacier on the Indo-Pakistan border (75.Kesariya Stupa in Bihar •• Largest Library.62 km) long Fastest Train. •• Largest Corridor – Rameshwaram Temple Corridor •• Largest irrigation Canal-Indira Gandhi Canal or Rajasthan Canal (959 km long) •• Longest Dam-Hirakund Dam on •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• Mahanadi river in Odisha (24.Sunderbans (75.Gatimaan Express which runs between Delhi and Agra (166 km/hr) Tallest Statues – Statue of Jain Saint Gomateswara at Sravanabelagola in Karnataka Oldest Church. Kolkata •• Largest Planetarium.000 sq km) formed by the Ganga and Brahmaputra in West Bengal and Bangladesh •• Largest Stupa.Se Cathedral at Old Goa. 10 km from Panaji.Mumbai Natural •• Longest River – Ganges •• Largest Desert – Thar ( Rajasthan) •• Largest Fresh Water Lake-Kolleru in Andhra Pradesh •• Largest Cave.000 ft) at Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. •• Largest Prison.Amarnath (about 44 km from Pahalgam in Jammu and Kashmir) .2 km long tunnel on Jammu-Srinagar National Highway •• Largest Public Sector Bank.National Library.State Bank of India •• Largest Botanical Garden . Thomas Church at Palayar in Trichur district in Kerala built in 52 AD.Tihar Jail.Birla Planetarium.6 km long and 2. Oldest MonasteryBuddhist Monastery.23 •• Longest Road Tunnel . Largest mall.

U. 71.00000). ft.500 miles in length .America) 5. Africa (84. Lake Superior.000 sq.) Asia Australia China Russia The Great Barrier Reef (Australia) Grand Coulee.24 SUPERLATIVES: WORLD Tallest Animal on (land) Biggest Bell Fastest Bird Largest Bird Smallest Bird Longest Bridge (Railway) Tallest Building Tallest office Building Longest Big Ship Canal Busiest Canal (Ship) Biggest Cinema House Highest City Largest City (in population) Biggest City in (area) Largest Continent Smallest Continent Largest Country (in population) Largest Country (in area) Largest Coral Formation Largest Dam Longest Day Shortest Day Largest Delta Longest Desert (World) Largest Diamond Biggest Dome Longest Epic Largest Island Largest Lake (Artificial) Deepest Lake Highest Lake Largest Lake (Fresh Water) Largest Lake (Salt Water) Largest Mosque Biggest Library Highest Mountain peak (World) Longest Mountain Range Giraffe Great Bell at Moscow Swift Ostrich Humming Bird Lower Zambeji (Africa ) Burj khalifa.A Caspian Sea 3. average depth 2300 ft.) Gol Gumbaz (Bijapur). Dubai (U. Queensland. miles) Sahara. Titicaca (Bolivia) 12645 ft. China) 16.) National Kiev Library. km. Washington) Himalayas Andes (S. (area 10.Moscow & Library of the Congress.Concrete Dam (U. km.42. above sea level. (Old archi) 144 ft. diameter. Est. The Mahabharata Greenland (renamed Kalaallit Nunaat) Lake Mead (Bouler) Baikal (Siberia).732 ft.E) Patronas Twin Towers Kuala Lampur (Malaysia) Suez Canal (Linking red sea & Mediterranean Sea) Baltic White Sea Canal (152 miles) Roxy (New York) Wen Chuwan (Tibet. km.) Jama Masjid. Delhi.A.S.000 sq.000 sq. population in 2006] Mount Isa. India (8000 sq. Australia (41225 sq.) The Cullinan (over 1 ½ 1b. Tokyo [(3.S. 22(in Northern Hemisphere) Sundarbans.A) June 21 (in Northern Hemisphere) Dec. 00.

000 sq. Tallest Statue (Bronze) Bronze Statue of Lord Buddha.85 km.S. (53.A) Largest Port Port of New York & New Jersey (U. India 15. Greenland Largest Peninsula Arabic (32.8 miles.S.) Longest & Largest Canal Tunnel Le Rove Tunnel (South of France) Longest Tunnel (Road) Laerdal. Morocco Deepest & Biggest Ocean The Pacific Largest Palace Imperial Palace (Gugong). Norway Highest Volcano Ojos Del Salado. New York (U. Largest sea-bird Albatross Largest Sea (inland) Mediterranean Sea Brightest Star Sirius (also called Dog star) Tallest statue Statue of Liberty. New York (U.A). Hottest Place (World) Al-Aziziyah (Libya. Temperature – 85° C Driest Place Death Valley (California). Africa) 136°F Largest Planet Jupiter Brightest and Hottest Planet (also Venus nearest to Earth) Farthest planet (from the Sun) Neptune Nearest Planet (to the Sun) Mercury Smallest Planet Mercury Highest Plateau Pamir (Tibet) Longest Platform (Railway) Kharagpur W. km. Amazon (6570 km. India (833m) Largest Platform (Railway) Grand Central terminal.S.) Coldest Place or Region Verkhoyansk (Siberia).000 miles Long) Longest River Nile (6690 km). Tallest Minaret Great Hassan Mosque.885 m.) Longest River Dam Hirakund Dam (Orissa). 150 ft. rainfall 1 ½ inch.N Tower Toronto (Canada) Longest Train nonstop Flying Scoutsman Longest Tunnel (Railway) Seikan Rail Tunnel (Japan). Casablanca.B.A) Busiest Port Rotterdam (the Netherlands) Longest Railway Trans-Siberian Railway (6.25 Biggest Museum British Museum (London) Tallest Minaret (Free Standing) Qutub Minar.) Largest Volcano Mauna Lao (Hawaii) Longest Wall Great Wall of China (1500 miles) Highest Waterfall Salto Angel Falls (Venezuela) Longest Strait Tartar Strait (Sakhalin Island & the Russian mainland) . Longest Swimming Course English Channel Tallest Tower C.50. Delhi 238 ft. Andes Argentine-Chile (6. Beijing (China) Largest Park National Park. Tokyo (Japan). high.

(Canada) Chaliks-45 yards (Between the Greek mainland the island of Euboea in the Aegean Sea) Hudson Bay.A 200 ft.000 Islands) Giant (Geyser ) yelowstone park U. (Giant tortoise) African Bush Elephant Cheetah (Leopard ) 70 m. Peter. Cherrapunji (Mawsynram).S. high Amazon Basin. (the Czech Republic) Basilica of St.p. Mongolia India Verazano-Narrows. Brazil Rameshwaram Temple’s Corridor (5000 ft. Italy Angkor Vat (Cambodia) Kimbarley (S.( shoreline 2100 miles) Indonesia (over 3. 3. New York City Harbour Giraffe Lion . 20. Vatican City.27. weight-195 tons) 190 to 200 years. mile.410`C Diamond Blue Whale.000 sq. India Grand Canyon.p.) Bhakhra Dam La Paz (Bolivia) Gobi.h Kangaroo Albatross Snail Irish Wolf Hound Persian Grey Hound (speed 43 m. (recorded length 106 ft.A Hydrogen Lithium Tungsten.h) King Cobra Raffesia (Java) Strahov stadium in Prague.Africa) Amazon. Canada (Shoreline 7623 miles) Gulf of Mexico. U.26 Broadest Strait Narrowest strait Largest Bay Largest Gulf Largest Archipelago Tallest Active Geyser Largest River Basin World Rainiest Spot Largest Gorge Lightest gas Lightest Metal Highest Melting Point Hardest Substance Longest Animal Longest Life Span of an Animal Largest Land Animal Fastest Animal Longest Jump Animal Longest wing Spread Bird Slowest Animal Domestic Dog Fastest Dog Longest poisonous snake Biggest Flower Largest Stadium Largest Church Largest Temple Largest Diamond mine Largest River in volume Longest Corridor Highest Straight Dam Highest Capital City Largest Asian Desert Largest Democracy Longest Thoroughfare Largest Neck Animal Largest Animal of the Cat Family Davis Straits (Greenland & Baffin Island. on the Colorado River.S.

The Statue of Liberty in New Your: USA The Eiffel tower in Paris: France St. 22. 19. The Pyramids of Giza: Egypt Neptune and the Place of Versailles: France The Great wall of China : China The Taj Mahal in Agra : India Christ the Redeemer: Rio de Janeiro Mecca: Saudi Arabia Brandenburg Gate in Berlin: Germany Acropolis of Athens: Greece Niagara Falls : Border of Ontario (Canada) and New York (USA) Angkor Wat : Cambodia St. United Kindom Big Ben : London INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES Boundary Line Countries Radcliffe Line India and Pakistan 49th Parallel USA and Canada Mac Mohan Line Durand Line 38th Parallel Hindenberg Line Maginot line Oder Neisse Line India and China Pakistan and Afghanistan North and South Korea Germany and Poland France and Germany Germany and Poland . 9. 2. that never makes its nests Wingless Bird Reptile which changes its colors Largest Mammal Chimpanzee Cuckoo Kiwi Chameleon Whale FAMOUS LANDMARKS AROUND THE WORLD 1. 24. 5. 21. 4. 12. 17. 15. 25. 14. 7.27 Most Intelligent Animal Bird. 6. 18. 23. 10. Peter’s Cathedral : Vatican City Mount Rushmore: South Dakota The Grand Canyon : Arizona Sydney Opera House : Australia Forbidden City : Beijing The Colosseum: Rome. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow : Russia The Great Sphinx at Giza. 3. 16. 13. 20. Italy The Empire State Building : New York Abu Simbel : Egypt Tower of Pisa : Italy The Burj al Arab Hotel : Dubai Stonehenge: Wiltshire. 8. 11.

Head of a Trident White Lily Beach Lily Canje Pheasant Lioned Capital White Lily Chrysanthemum Lion with Crown Lion Lion Bird of paradise Lion Eagle Rose PARLIAMENTS OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES Country India Parliament Sansad (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) Pakistan National Assembly Germany Bundestag (Lower House) and Bundesrat (Upper House) U.28 COUNTRIES WITH THEIR EMBLEMS Country Australia Emblem Kangaroo Country Bangladesh Water Lily Ireland Shamrock Israel Candelabrum Barbados Canada Denmark France Guyana India Italy Japan Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Papua New Guinea Sri Lanka Syria U.S. Germany and Portugal Yellow Book : French official Book White Paper : An official paper of the Government of Britain and India on a particular issue Red Data Book: A book which contains lists of species whose continued existence is threatened . Fern Crescent Eagle Lion Secretary Bird Crescent & Star OFFICIAL BOOKS Blue Book : An official report of the British Government Green Book : An official publication of Italy and Iran Grey Book : An official reports of the Government of Japan and Belgium Orange Book : An official Publications of the Government of Netherlands White Book : An official Publications of China.K. Kiwi.A Congress (House of Representatives and Senate) Bhutan Tshogdu China National People’s Congress Norway Storting Afghanistan Shora Israel Knesset Japan Diet IMPORTANT SIGNS OR SYMBOLS Lotus Red Cross Black Flag Wheel (Chakra) Culture and Civilization Medical Aid & Hospital Symbol of protest Symbol of progress Belgium Chile Dominica Germany Hong Kong Iran Ivory Coast Lebanon Mongolia New Zealand Pakistan Spain Sierra Leone Sudan Turkey Emblem Lion Candor & Huemul Sisserou Parrot Corn Flower Bauhinia (Orchid Tree) Rose Elephant Cedar Tree The Soyombo Southern Cross.

• The General Assembly is the main place for discussions and policy making in the United Nations. including American President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill. decided to create a world organisation that would help to ensure peace. Geneva (Switzerland) and Vienna (Austria). Netherlands. the Court began work in 1946. but the working languages are English and French only. D. English. • Six official languages are spoken and used in documents at the United Nations: Arabic. • The original membership of 51 nations has grown to 193 members. The Security Council is made up of 15 members. Karachi London UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION (UNO) • The United Nations (UN) is a world organisation’ formed in 24th October. NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS OF UNSC Country Angola Egypt Japan Malaysia New Zealand Senegal Spain Ukraine Uruguay Venezuela Term Began Terms Ends 2015 2016 2016 2017 2016 2015 2015 2017 2016 2016 2016 2017 2016 2017 2015 2016 2015 2016 2017 2016 • The International Court of Jusitce (ICJ). The 193rd member being the newly created South Sudan. located in the Hague. France. • Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea is the present Secretary-General of the UN. when the leaders of the world. • Trygve Lie of Norway (1946-52) was the first Secretary-General of the UN. • The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. United Kingdom and USA and 10 non-permanent members elected for 2 years terms starting on 1st January.29 NEWSPAPERS & THEIR PLACE OF PUBLICATIONS Daily Mirror London The Times of India India Washington Post Dawn The Guardian Washington. 1945. • There are five permanent members of the Secutiry Council-China. Russia. The UN also has offices in Nairobi (Kenya). Chinese.C. as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice. . is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. Russian and Spanish. French. established in 1945 by the United Nations Charter. It came into existence after World War II. The United Nations Headquarters is in New York City.

operation and Development) Commonwealth of Nations - United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS) United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) - United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) - United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) World Food Programme (WFP) International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) - - - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) International Labour Organisation (ILO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) Universal Postal Union (UPU) World Health Organisation (WHO) World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Woman Aid International European Free Trade Association (EFTA) - - - - - Jakarta (Indonesia) Brussels (Belgium) Kathmandu (Nepal) Nairobi (Kenya) Vienna (Austria) Vienna (Austria) Geneva.30 WORLD ORGANISATIONS AND THEIR HEADQUARTERS Asian Development Bank (ADB) - Manila (Philippines) African Union (AU) - Addis-Ababa (Ethiopia) ASEAN (Association of South –East Asian Nations) NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) - SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Corporation) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) WWF (World Wildlife Fund) International Olympic Committee (IOC) - - - - OPEC (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) OECD (Organisation for Economic Co. Switzerland Gland (Switzerland) Lausanne Vienna Paris London Nairobi New York New York New York Geneva Geneva Rome (Italy) Montreal (Canada) Rome Geneva Washington Berne (Switzerland) Geneva Geneva Geneva London Geneva .

Korea Tenure 1946-1952 1953-1961 1961-1971 1972-1982 1982-1991 1992-1996 1997-2006 2007.R.Andrews Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Lala Lajpat Rai Sarojini Naidu Florence Nightingale Amir Khushro M.Golwalkar .31 SECRETARY GENERALS OF UNO AND THEIR TENURE Name Trigve Lie Dag Hammarskjoeld U-Thant Kurt –Waldheim Javier Perez de Cuellar Boutros Boutros Ghali Kofi Annan Ban-Ki-moon Country Norway Sweden Myanmar (Burma) Austria Peru Egypt Ghana S. Madan Mohan Malaviya Chittaranjan Das C.S. Charan Singh Rajiv Gandhi Giani Zail Singh K. Shankar Dayal Sharma Dr.continued FAMOUS PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH EMINENT PERSONS Place Corsica Kapilvastu Macedonia Jeeradei Anand Bhawan Sabarmati Sitab Diara Shantiniketan Rajghat Vijay Ghat Kishan Ghat Veer Bhumi Ekta Sthal Uday Bhoomi Person Napoleon Bonaparte Gautam Buddha Alexander. Bapu Frontier Gandhi Iron Man of India Napoleon of India Shakespeare of India Grand Old Man of India Mahamana Deshbandhu Deenabandhu Rajaji/C. the Great Aurobindo Ghosh Mahavira CREMATORIUM OF FAMOUS PERSONS Mahatma Gandhi Lal Bahadur Shastri Ch. Rajendra Prasad Jawaharlal Nehru Mahatma Gandhi Jai Prakash Narayan Rabindra Nath Tagore Place Belur Math Jerusalem Mecca Porbandar Fatehpur Sikri Puducherry Pawapuri Person Ramakrishna Paramhansa Jesus Christ Prophet Mohammad Mahatma Gandhi Akbar.F.R Punjab Kesari Nightingale of India Lady with the lamp Tota-e-Hind (Parrot of India) Shri Guruji Person Mahatma Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Samudragupta Kalidasa Dadabhai Naoroji Pt. Narayanan Shanti Van Shakti Sthal Abhay Ghat Samata Sthal Karma Bhumi Mahaprayan Ghat Jawahar Lal Nehru Indira Gandhi Morarji Desai Jagjivan Ram Dr. the Great Dr. Rajendra Prasad FAMOUS NICKNAMES OF EMINENT PERSONS Nickname Father of the Nation.

Abdul Kalam and Y. Netas and Me: Vinod Mehta Super Economies: Raghav Bahl Family Life: Akhil Sharma Lucknow Boy: A Memoir: Late Vinod Mehta A Brief History of Seven Killings: Marlon James Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India: A.000 Years of Indian Women’s Writing: Annie Zaidi . S.D.S. Riots and the End of Empire: Janam Mukherjee To the Brink and Back: India’s 1991 Story: Jairam Ramesh Complete Story of Indian Reforms: 2G. Burman: The Prince of Music: Khagesh Dev Burman Ghosts of Calcutta: Sebastian Ortiz Beyond Doubt: A Dossier on Gandhi’s Assassination: Teesta Setalvad Benazir Bhutto: A Multidimensional Portrait: Dr Anna Suvorova Modi . Bernanke Ruled or Misruled: Story and Destiny of Bihar: Santosh Singh Hungry Bengal: War. Power & Private -Enterprise: Pradeep Baijal The Pakistan Paradox: Christrophe Jaffrelot Crusader or Conspirator: P. Rajan Leading: Alex Ferguson With Michael Moritz The Outsider: Frederick Forsyth The Courage to Act – A Memoir of a Crisis and Its Aftermath: Ben S. Their Stories: Naina Lal Kidwai Mrs Funnybones: Twinkle Khanna R. Rajput Neither a Hawk nor a Dove: Khurshid M Kasuri The Red Sari: Javier Moro Sourav Ganguly: Cricket. Famine. Captaincy and Controversy: Saptarshi Sarkar China – Confucius in the Shadows: Poonam Surie Ahmedabad : A city in the world: Amrita Shah 30 Women in Power: Their Voices. Democratization and Distributive Justice: Professor Mool Chand Sharma Making India Awesome: Chetan Bhagat Flood of fire: Amitav Ghosh Education of Muslims: Islamic Perspective of Knowledge and Education: J.32 IMPORTANT BOOKS AND AUTHORS Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji: Abdul Kalam Unbelievable – Delhi to Islamabad: Prof Bhim Singh Two Years Eight Months and Twenty Eight Nights: Salman Rushdie Globalisation.C. P. J. Magnates. Parakh Born Again On the Mountain: Arunima Sinha The China Model: Daniel A bell Scion of Ikshvaku: Amish Tripathi Purity: Jonathan Franzen God Help the Child: Toni Morrison Love + Hate: Stories and Essays: Hanif Kureishi The Heart Goes Last: Margaret Atwood Because We Say So: Noam Chomsky Deep South: Paul Theroux The Country of First Boys: Amartya Sen Hubris: Meghnad Desai Unbound: 2.Incredible emergence of a star: Tarun Vijay The Accidental Prime Minister – The making and unmaking of Manmohan Singh: Sanjaya Baru Hard Choices (Autobiography): Hillary Rodham Clinton I am Malala (Autobiography): Malala Yousafzai And Then One Day: Naseerudin Shah Playing It My Way: Sachin Tendulkar The Narrow Road To the Deep North: Richard Flangan Go Set a Watchman: Harper Lee Editor Unplugged : Media.

Sharma The Tears of the Rajas: Ferdinand Mount The Z factor . Valentine’s Day 21st February: International Mother Language Day 28th February: National Science Day 8th March: International Women’s Day and Mother’s day 13th March: No Smoking Day 15th March: World Consumer Rights Day 22nd March: World Water Day 23rd March: World Meteorological Day 24th March: World Tuberculosis Day 27th March: World Theatre Day 2nd April: World Autism Awareness Day 7th April: World Health Day 18th April: World Heritage Day 22nd April: World Earth Day 25th April: World Malaria Day 30th April: World Jazz Day 1st May: International Labour Day 3rd May: World Asthma Day 5th May: World Athletics Day 8th May: International Red Cross Day 11th May: National Technology Day 17th May: World Telecommunications Day 20th May: World Refugee Day 21st May: Anti-terrorism Day 24th May: Commonwealth Day 31st May: World No Tobacco Day 1stJune: World Milk Day 5th June: World Environment Day 8th June: World Ocean Day 20th June: International Refugee Day 21st June: International Yoga Day 23rd June: International Olympic Day 27th June: World Diabetes Day 1st July: World Doctor’s Day Van Mahotsav Week (1stJuly to 7thJuly) .My journey as the wrong man at the Right Time : Subhash Chandra Nathuram Godse .How a superhero and my son defeated cancer : Emraan Hashmi IMPORTANT DAYS OF THE YEAR 9th January: NRI Day 10th January: World Laughter Day 12th January: National Youth Day 15th January: Indian Army Day 23rd January: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s birth anniversary 24th January: National Girl Child Day 25th January: National Tourism Day 26th January: Republic Day 29th January: National Newspaper Day 30th January: Martyr’s Day 2nd February: World Wetlands Day 4th February: World Cancer Day 13th February: World Radio Day 14th February: St.The Story of an Assassin : Anup Ashok Sardesai The turbulent year . Alexander The Kiss of life .J.33 Farewell Kabul: How the West Ignored Pakistan and Lost Afghanistan: Christina Lamb A Strangeness in My Mind: Orhan Pamuk The House that BJ Built: Anuja Chauhan Alfred Hitchcock: Peter Ackroyd Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi’s Final Term in Office: Diego Maiorano Gods of Corruption: Promilla Shankar Restart: The Last Chance for the Indian Economy: Mihir S.1980-1996 (Volume II) : Pranab Mukherjee. Jawaharlal Nehru and The Indian Polity is Perspective : Prof (Dr) P.

International Non-Violence Day 3rd October: World Habitat Day 8th October: National Air force Day 9th October: World PostalDay National Postal Week (9thOctober to 14th October) 12th October: World Sight Day 16th October: World Food Day 31st October: National Integration Day 7th November: World Cancer Awareness Day 11th November: National Education Day 21st November: World Fisheries Day.34 11th July: World Population Day 14th November: Children’s Day 26th July: Kargil Victory Day 28th July: World Hepatitis Day 29th July: International Tiger Day 30th July: Friendship International 6th August: Hiroshima Day Day 16th November: National Press Day of 12th August: International Youth Day 15th August: India’s Independence Day 19th August: World Humanitarian Day 29th August: National Sports Day 5th September: Teacher’s Day 8th September: International Literacy Day 14th September: Hindi Day 15th September: World Engineer’s Day 16th September: World Ozone Day 18th September: International Day of Peace 21st September: Biosphere Day 24th September: Girl Child Day 25th September: Social Justice Day. National Immunization Day 10th December: World Human Rights Day. World Hello Day. The Defence Ministry consists of 4 departments: (i) Department of Defence (ii) Department of Defence Production (iii) Department of Defence Research and Development and (iv) Department of ExServiceman Welfare . Administrative and operational control of the armed force is exercised by the Ministry of Defence and the three Service Headquarters. World Maritime Day 27th September: World Tourism Day 1st October: International Music Day 2nd October: Gandhi Jayanti. International Broadcasting Day 11th December: UNICEF Day 14th December: Conservation Day National 16th December: Vijay Diwas Energy 22nd December: National Mathematics Day 23rd December: Kisan Diwas (Farmers’ Day) DEFENCE & SECURITY Defence of India The supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces is the President of India. World Television Day 25th November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 26th November: National constitution day 26th November: National Milk day 30th November: Flag Day 3rd December: World Conservation Day 5th December: World Soil Day 7th December: Armed Forces Flag Day 9th December: International Day against Corruption.

Air Force Command and Headquarters: Command Eastern Air Comd. Navy Command and Headquarters: Command Headquarters Eastern Command Western Command Visakhapatnam Mumbai Command Southern Command Headquarters Kochi 3. South Western Comm. Thiruvananthapuram Nagpur Training Comd. Southern Air Comd. RANKS OF INDIAN ARMY. NAVY & AIR FORCE Indian Army Field Marshal General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Indian Navy Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Internal Security of India Organization Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) National Cadet Corps (NCC) Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) Border Security Force (BSF) Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Headquarters New Delhi Allahabad Bangalore Indian Air Force Marshal of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Year 1939 Headquarters New Delhi 1965 New Delhi 1948 1962 1969 New Delhi New Delhi New Delhi . Headquarters Command Headquarters Chandimandir Eastern Command Udhampur Shimla Jaipur Kolkata Southern Command Pune Central Command Lucknow 2. Gandhinagar Central Air Comd. South-West Air Comd.35 1. Army Command and Headquarters Command Western Command Northern Command Army Training Comm. Maintenance Comd. Headquarters Command Shillong Western Air Comd.

Surface to Surface Prithvi II. Chilka I. Goa Indian Naval Academy. Ezhimala Research Centres of India Indian Agricultural Research Institute Central Rice Research Institute Central Potato Research Institute Central Forest Research Institute IINRG.Surface to Surface Dhanush.Surface-To-Air Missile . Dehradun Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC).N.Air-to-air missile Prithvi I.Surface to Surface Prithvi III.Surface to Surface New Delhi Cuttack Shimla Dehradun Ranchi Karnal Dhanbad Kolkata Hyderabad Mumbai Leh Hyderabad Mumbai Singhbhum Trombay (Mumbai) Kolkata Thiruvanthapuram Bangalore Ahmedabad Agni I. Hyderabad I.Surface-To-Air Missile Barak2.Surface to Surface Shaurya. Mandovi.N.36 Defence Training Institutions of India National Defence Academy (NDA).S. Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums National Diary Research Institute Central Mining Research Institute Central Jute Technological Research Institute National Geophysics Research Institute Tata Institute of Fundamental Research High Altitude Research Laboratory Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology Nuclear and Space Research Centres in India India Rare Earths Limited Uranium Corporation of India Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Space Applications Centre Missiles of India Astra.S.Surface-To-Air Missile Maitri. Khadakwasla (near Pune) National Defence College (NDC). New Delhi Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC). Pune Air Force School. Sambra (Belgaum) College of Air Warfare.Surface-To-Air Missile Akash.Surface to Surface Trishul. Chilka. Secunderabad Air Force Academy.

T. Chandan Rai. Shishir Choudhary. Sangitha Rajan. Mukesh Sharma. Gudai Maharaj. Hari Singh.K.K. Swami Pillai.Neela. Kishan Maharaj. Kunakkadi Baidyanathan.Air-to-air missile Power station State Type Operator Kaiga Kalpakkam Kakrapar Rawatbhata Tarapur Narora Karnataka Tamil Nadu Gujarat Rajasthan Maharashtra Uttar Pradesh Total PHWR PHWR PHWR PHWR BWR (PHWR) PHWR NPCIL NPCIL NPCIL NPCIL NPCIL NPCIL ART & CULTURE Total capacity (MW) 660 440 440 1180 1400 440 4560 Famous Musical Instruments and their Exponents Sitar Tabla Flute Sarod Shehnai Violin Veena Santoor Pakhawaj Rudra Veena Mridang Pt. Palghat Raju. Nikhil Benarjee. T. Arun Saiwal Ushtad Sadiq Ali Khan. Rajendra Kulkarni. Debu Choudhary. Shastri. Sukhbinder Singh Pannalal Ghosh. Sivaram. Zia Moinuddin Dagar Asad Ali Khan Thakur Sadiq Ali Khan. U.Hypersonic Cruise Missile K-15 Sagarika. Tarun Bhattacharya. Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. Kalyan Krishna Bhagavatar. Shiv Kumar Sharma.N.Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Nag . Fayaz Khan. Govind. Vishnu Gobind (VG) Jog. Chhatrapati Singh. Jagannath. Daya Shankar. Jagdish Singh. Anushka Shankar Ustad Shafat Ahmed Khan. Krishnan S. Lalgudi Jayaraman. Uma Shankar Mishra. Smt. Nishaat Khan. Ustad Alauddin Khan.Supersonic Cruise Missile BrahMos II. Sharan Rani Ustad Bishmillah Khan. Moorthy.Intercontinental ballistic Missile Astra. Asad Ali Pt.Subsonic Cruise Missile Agni V. Suryadev Pawar. Ramakant Pathak. Ali Ahmad. Bande Hasan. Hafiz Khan. Zarin Daruwala. K. Jaya Biswas. Zakir Hussain. L. B. Shailesh Bhagwat.P.Anti-Tank Guided Missile Nuclear Power Plant of India Helina . Buddhaditya Mukherjee.Doraiswami. Allah Rakha Khan.Anti-Tank Guided Missile Nirbhay. R. Bhajan Sopori Ustad Rehman Khan. Sapan Choudhary.Rajan. Biswajit Roy Chaudhary. Raghunath Seth.R. N. Shujaat Khan. Ustad Vilayat Khan. Badruddin Dagar. Mani . Subramaniam. Dr. Gopal Das. N. Shahid Parvez.37 BrahMos. Iyengar Gopal Krishna. Hussain Khan Dr. Hari Prasad Chaurasia. Ravi Shankar. Prakash Saxena Ustad Amjad Ali Khan. Latif Khan. Rajendra Prasanna.Balachandran.Kunjamani. B.

and Gotipua Maharashtra : Lavani. Manipuri dance (Ras Lila) Nagaland : Chang Lo or Sua Lua Odisha : Odissi. Jat-Jatin Dance. Chauphula. Pandwani. Shad Suk Mynsiem Dance. Dhimsa. Theru Koothu Uttar Pradesh : Kathak. Dandiya Raas. Kamandi.Krishna Vishwa Mohan Bhatt. Giddha. Mohiniyattam. Corridinho. Mayil Attam. and Chindu Chattisgarh : Panthi. Devarattam. Fugdi. Hurka Baul. Kolattam. Padhar Punjab : Bhangra. N. Jatin Mazumdar. Chaitra. Khuallam. Kalikapatadi. Jhora-Chanchri. Rajaratna Pillai. Balsara Jnan Prakash Ghosh. Indralal. Jhumur Naach. Srinivas. Bhavai. Dhol cholom. Andhra Natyam. Mahari dance. Jhumaila. Bhamakalapam. Namgen Goa : Dekhnni. Sammi Rajasthan : Ghoomar. Kajari . Bagurumba. Saila and Soowa Arunachal Pradesh : Bardo Chham Himachal Pradesh : Kinnauri Nati. Lambadi. Shri Purushottam Walawalkar. Charkula Dance Bihar : Bidesia. Rawat Nacha. Oyilattam. Kaksar. Luddi. Dumhal. Sri Krishna Nalin. Tappeta Gullu. Niru Swami Pillai. Domni Kerala : Kathakali. Thullal and Krishnanattam Meghalaya : Laho Dance. Abdul Aziz Khan Piano Harmonium Jal Tarang V. Aruna Kale. Hajong Folk Dance. Jagdish Mohan. Pt. Kachchhi Ghodi Mizoram : Cheraw. Nongkrem Dance Manipur : Thang Ta. and Chholiya Andhra Pradesh : Kuchipudi. Chheihlam. Kalbeliya. Alkap. Khagen Dey. Nagen Dey Vichitra Veena Ahmed Raza Khan. Kummi. Ali Ai Ligang West Bengal : Gambhira. Dulpod and Fado Assam : Bihu dance. Nacni. Brij Bhushan Kabra. Ashiq Ali Khan Symphony Zubin Mehta Nadaswaram Guitar Mandolin Sheikh Chinna Maulana. Butta Bommalu. Koodiyattom. Barada Nati. Veeranatyam. Puliyattam. Paampu attam. Appa Jalgaonkar Himanshu Biswas. Koli dance Gujarat : Rass-garba. Ram Swaroop Prabhakar Famous Folk Dances of India Jharkhand Uttarakhand : Karma/Munda : Langvir Nritya.38 Sarangi Ustad Bendu Khan. Chai Jammu & Kashmir : Kud. Keshav Jalegaonkar U. Mando. Chhau dance. Santosh Mishra. Kolattam. Jhumar. Rouff Tamil Nadu : Bharatanatyam. Ghumura Dance. Dore Rata Dance. Karagattam. Jumari Dance. Ramnarayanji. Ghasiram Nirmal.

It was set up in 1895 under the will of Alfred Nobel. Rukmini Devi. Radhakrishnan and DR. Indrani Rahman. Chemistry. Vempathi Chinna Sathyam Guru Bipin Sinha. Kumudini Lakhiya. Geeta Radhakrisana. Darshana Jhaveri. Gopika Varma. KC Pannikar. INTERNATIONAL AWARDS Nobel Prize • The most prestigious award in the world. Sankaran.39 Classical Dancers of India Dance Dancer Bharatnatyam Balasarswati. Sanyukta Panigrahi. • It is given in the fields of Peace. S. Rajagopalchari. • The first three recipients of Bharat Ratna: C. Samyukta Panigrahi. CV Chandrasekhar. Physiology or Medicine (from 1901) and Economics (from 1969). K. Dhirendra Nath Patnaik. Savita Mehta Debaprasad Das. Namboodiri.Raman (1954) Padma Awards: • Padma Vibhushan : The second highest civilian award given for exceptional and distinguished service. Sambhu Maharaj. • Padma Bhushan : The third highest civilian award given for distinguished service of a high order. Damayanti Joshi. Gopi Krishna. etc. Padma Subramanyam. Nayana Jhaveri. • The Nobel prizes are presented annually on 10 December (The death anniversary of the founder). Kelucharan Mohapatra. Thottam Ramankutty Nair. etc. Nirmala Mehta. Kanak Rele. Yamini Krishnamurthy Kathak Kuchipudi Manipuri Odissi Kathakali Mohiniattam Bharti Gupta. Priyambada Mohanty. Protima Devi Mrinalini Sarabhai.V. Leela Samson. Sonal Mansingh. Mrinalini Sarabhai. AWARDS AND HONOURS National Awards Param Vir Chakra: The highest Gallantry Award Mahavir Chakra: The second highest Gallantry Award Vir Chakra: The third highest Gallantry Award Ashok Chakra: The highest peacetime Gallantry award Kirti Chakra: For conspicuous Gallantry Shaurya Chakra: For an act of Gallantry Bharat Ratna: The highest civilian award of India. • Padma Shri : The fourth highest civillian award given for distinguished service. Sonal Mansingh. C. Birju Maharaj. Dr. Literature. . Physics. Durga Das.K. Sitara Devi Josyula Seetharamaiah. Kunchu Kurup.

was also the first Asian to win the prize 1930: Physics: C. setup by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association along the lines of the Pulitzer Prize of USA. . Literature & Creative Arts and International Understanding. UNESCO Madanjeet Singh Prize • Instituted by UNESCO (1995) for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence on the occasion of the UN Year of Tolerance and the 125th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi funded by a donation from Madanjeet Singh. Named after Ramon Magsaysay. released first full length talkies film Alam Ara at Majestic Cinema. Raman 1968: M  edicine: Har Gobind Khorana. Indian Cinema Awards Dadasaheb Phalke Award • Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the Father of Indian Cinema. • Dhundiraj Govind (Dadasheb) Phalke’s silent feature film. is the highest literary award of the world. V. Raja Harishchandra released at Coronation Theatre in 1913. for outstanding contributions in Public service. literature and music. • It is given to persons to honour those “working on practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today. these awards are conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures. Indian citizen of Albanian origin 1998: Economics: Amartya Sen 2009: C  hemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan. USA. Master Vithal was the first talkie hero. • The award is given annually on August 31.” Oscar Awards • Instituted in 1929. the former President of Philippines. • Ardeshir Irani in 1931. • Mrs Devika Rani Roerich was the first person to receive Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1969. this award is given every 5 years for individual contributions to the establishment of human rights. US citizen of Indian origin 1979: P  eace: Mother Teresa. Arts and Sciences. Journalism. the birth anniversary of Magsaysay. Man Booker Prize • Instituted in 1968. Community Leadership. Mumbai. Right Livelihood Award • The Right Livelihood Award was established in 1980. UN Human Rights Award • Instituted in 1966.40 Nobel Prize (Indian/ Indian origin) 1913:  Literature: Rabindranath Tagore. • It is also referred as “Alternative Nobel Prize”. in recognition of outstanding contribution in the various fields of film making. The highest National Film Award is named after him in 1969. Magsaysay Awards • Instituted in 1957. • It is conferred annually in the United States for the accomplishments in journalism. US citizen of Indian origin 2014: Peace: Kailash Sathyarthi Pulitzer Prize • Instituted in 1917 and named after US publisher Joseph Pulitzer. was first indigenous feature film of India.

. • Olympic Symbol comprises five rings or circles. a citation and a bronze replica of Vagdevi (Saraswati). • The Olympic flag was created in 1914 at the suggestion of Baron Pierre de Coubertin and was hoisted first time in the Antwerp Olympic Games in 1920. carries a cash prize of ` 5 lakh. Best Original Song (Music) Film-Slumdog Millionaire. • For the first time an Olympic flame was ceremonially lighted and burned in a giant torch at the entrance of the stadium at the Amsterdam Games in 1928 . 1994. AR Rehman Best Score. for the first time. Resul Pookutty Best sound mixing (Film-Slumdog Millionaire).41 Oscar Awards for Indian Films Bhanu Athaiya was the first Indian to be honoured by Oscar for Gandhi (1982). on Mount Olympia in the plain of the kingdom of Elis.C. participated in the second Commonwealth games held in London in 1934.Europe. Canada. • Indian Government instituted this annual prize to encourage and promote the significance of Gandhian values over the world. Since then these Games are held every four years. • India. this prestigious award is regarded as ‘Nobel’ and over the years it has been awarded to those persons who have done outstanding work for international peace. disarmament and development. • The first Modern Olympic Games were started in Athens on 6th April 1896. • Sahitya Academi gives 22 awards for literary works in the languages which has recognized works. • Instituted to honour outstanding agricultural scientists. stronger). Disarmament and Development • Instituted in 1985. Borlaug Award • Instituted in 1973. Sahitya Akademi Award • Awarded for outstanding literary work and carries a cash prize of ` 1 lakh. Gandhi Peace Prize • Established in 2 October. higher. linked together to represent the sporting friendship of all people. 1961. Commonwealth Games • After Olympics. carries a cash prize of ` 1 lakh. • The 1st Commonwealth Games were held in 1930 at Hamilton. Asia. Gulzar Best Song (Lyrics) Film-Slumdog Millionaire™! Other National Awards Bharatiya Jnanpith Award • Instituted in 22 May. carries a cash prize of ` 1 crore. Commonwealth Games are the second largest sports festival in the world. • This award is given for the best literary writing by an Indian citizen in a language listed in eight schedule of the Indian Constitution. Oceania and America. • Mary Leela Rao was the 1st Indian woman participant in the Olympic Games. Africa. SPORTS & GAMES Olympics • The Games were first held in honour of the Greek God. The rings also symbolise the continents. Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace. • The Olympic motto is “Citius-AltiusFortius” (faster. on the occasion of the 125th birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. • The Games are held in four years but only in between the Olympic years. Zeus in 776 B.

• They are jointly supervised by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). • This is organized by the International Cricket Council (ICC). • The AGF(Asian Games Federation) adopted “Play the game in spirit of the game”. Pakistan. Bhutan. New Zealand England India Winner West Indies West Indies India Australia Pakistan Sri Lanka Australia Australia Australia India Australia . as the motto of the Asian Games • The emblem of Asian Games is a ‘bright full rising sun’ with interlocking rings. • The first World Cup was organized in England in June 1975. Nepal. Jawaharlal Nehru. • The ICC keeps the original trophy. • The first South Asian Games were hosted by Kathmandu. A replica differing only in the inscriptions is permanently awarded to the winning team. • It is held every four years. Cricket World Cup Year 1975 1979 1983 1987 1992 1996 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019 2023 Host England England England India. Bangladesh Australia. • These Games are often hyped as the South Asian version of Olympic Games. • These Games are supposed to be held once every four years. SAG are joined by eight members namely Afghanistan. held between athletes from Asia and Africa. given by Pt. Cricket World Cup • The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. • They are inter-continental multi-sport competitions.42 ASIAN Games Afro-Asian Games • The first Asian Games began on March 4. and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. New Zealand India. • In the 16th Asian Games Twenty-20 Cricket was included. • At present. 1951 in New Delhi. India South Asian Games • The South Asian Games (SAG Games) are a bi-annual multi-sport event held for the athletes from South Asia. formed in 1983. Pakistan Australia. Pakistan England South Africa West Indies India. and the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). Maldives. Sri Lanka. • The governing body of these games is South Asian Sports Council (SASC). Bangladesh. India. • The current trophy is made from silver and gold. • The Inaugural Afro-Asian Games were held in 2003 in Hyderabad. Nepal in 1984.

• The trophy consists of a silver cup with an intricate floral design. Winner Uruguay Italy Argentina West Germany Brazil France Brazil Italy Spain Germany • The Hockey World Cup is an international field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). England 1990 Lahore. made of solid 18 carat (75%) gold and weighs 6. • It is held every four years. Argentina 1982 Bombay. • The new trophy is 36 cm (14. Netherlands 2002 Kuala Lumpur. surmounted by a globe of the world in silver and gold. Score 4–2 3–1 3–2 1–0 3–2 3-0 2-0 5-3 1-0 1-0 Runner-up Argentina West Germany West Germany Argentina Italy Brazil Germany France Netherlands Argentina Year Host 1971 Barcelona.43 FIFA World Cup • The FIFA World Cup is an international association football competition • It is contested by the senior men’s national teams of the members of Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). • From 1930 to 1970. • After 1970. • The designer of the current FiFA Trophy was Silvio Gazzaniga(the Italian designer). Australia 1998 Utrecht. • Brazil have won five times.2 in) high. • The tournament was started in 1971 • It is held every four years.6 lb). the Jules Rimet Trophy was awarded to the World Cup winning team. • The Hockey World Cup trophy was designed by the Bashir Moojid and created by the Pakistani Army. known as the FIFA World Cup Trophy.175 kg (13. was designed. bridging the four years between the Summer Olympics. Netherlands 1975 Kuala Lumpur. India 1986 London. Malaysia Winner Pakistan Netherlands India Pakistan Pakistan Australia Netherlands Pakistan Netherlands Germany . Malaysia 1978 Buenos Aires. Year 1930 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Host Uruguay Spain Mexico Italy United States France South Korea & Japan Germany South Africa Brazil Russia Hockey World Cup • The next two World Cups will be hosted by Russia in 2018 and Qatar in 2022. Spain 1973 Amstelveen. which won its fourth title at the 2014 tournament in Brazil. • The current champion is Germany. Pakistan 1994 Sydney. a new trophy. and they are the only team to have played in every tournament. placed on a high blade base inlaid with ivory.

M. India Germany Australia 2014 The Hague.C.C. Roy Trophy Duleep Trophy Durand Cup Ezra Cup I. Neth.Australia erlands 2018 Bhubaneswar. B. Germany 2010 New Delhi. Trophy Dhyan chand Trophy Dr.A Shield Lady Ratan Tata Trophy Moin ud daula Gold Cup Rangaswami Cup Ranji Trophy Santosh Trophy Scindia Gold Cup Subroto Mukherjee Cup Wellington Trophy Name of the Trophy American Cup Ashes Cup Azlan Shah US Masters Hopman Cup Colombo Cup Trophy Davis Cup Kings Cup Race Merdeka Cup Swaythling Cup Thomas Cup Uber Cup US-Open French-Open Australian Open Wimbledon Related game Hockey Table Tennis Hockey Hockey Weight Lifting Football Hockey Football Cricket Football Polo Football Hockey Cricket Hockey Cricket Football Hockey Football (Inter-School) Rowing INTERNATIONAL Related game Yatch Racing Cricket (Australia-England) Hockey Golf Lawn Tennis Football Lawn Tennis Air Races (England) Football (Asia) World Table Tennis World Badminton (Men) World Badminton (women) Lawn Tennis Lawn Tennis Lawn Tennis Lawn Tennis .F. India TROPHIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS NATIONAL Name of the Trophy Aga Khan Cup Barna Belleck Cup Beighton Cup Bombay Gold Cup Burdwan Trophy D.44 2006 Monchengladbach.

Duck. In off. Football Dribble. Swimming Stroke. Trump. Caddie. Carry. Polo Bunder. Diamonds. Chess Check. Googly. Penalty corner. Deuce. Cover point. Win. Leg spinner. Wrestling Half Nelson. Volley. Carried. .W. Double. Wicket keeper. (Leg Before Wicket). Bunting. Strike. Off-side. Scratch. love. Links. Stumped. Jigger. Let. Jab. Run. No ball. Drop Kick. Penalty. Mallet. Hat trick. Love. Rifle Shooting Bull’s eye. Drive. Volley ball Booster. Chuckker.45 Masters Champions Trophy British Open Malaysian Open Tata Open National Sports of various Nations Nation National Sports USA Baseball Spain Bull Fighting Canada Ice Hockey New Zealand Rugby Union India Hockey Bangladesh Kabaddi Srilanka Volley ball Russia Bandy China Table Tennis Brazil Capoeira Hockey Golf Badminton Lawn Tennis Nation National Sports France Football England Cricket Japan Sumo Australia Cricket Pakistan Hockey Malaysia Sepak takraw Scotland Golf Indonesia Badminton Bhutan Archery Switzerland Swiss Wrestling Turkey Oil Wrestling and Cirit TERMS USED IN GAMES AND SPORTS Badminton Baseball Billiards Boat Race Boxing Bridge Deuce. Golf Bogey. Stalemate Cricket Bowling. Sticks. Rugby Drop kick. Love. Scoop. Knock-out. Home. Put. Dribble. L. Put out. Goal. Short corner. Ruff. Hole. Pitcher. Horse Racing Jockey. Pitch. Stymie. Service. Set. Leg bye Maiden over. Little slam. Cox Hook. Screen. Follow on. Cue. Protest. Foul. Heave. Game. Game. silly point.B. Punter. Spikers. Punch. Cannons. Gambit. Dummy. Deuce. Under cutting. Diamond. Lawn Tennis Back-hand-drive. Crease. Centre Forward. Throw in. Hat Trick. Tricks. Place. Hockey Bull. Striking circle. Revoke. Gulley. Drop. Break. Fault. Touch Down. Smash. Checkmate. Smash. Service. Putting the green. Leg Break. Grand slam. Hit wicket. upper cut. Tee. Hattrick. Bouncer.