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Example Calculation

The example on the following page demonstrates how to calculate the following:

Area of a circle

Volume of a cylinder

Applied force

Gas expansion

During the simple calculation you will se e just how dramatically simple facts can gain mome ntum until we
can arrive in a situation that, at the outset was unimaginable, and in most cases unwanted. Nobody
expects you to undertake this calculation prior to, during or following a pressure test, that’s the engineers
job. But it is important that we appreciate the vast difference in the pressurised volume during a hydro
test, when the test medium is non compressible, and the stored energy during a gas test.
It is also important that we appreciate that the volume within the test chamber will always re main the
same so long as the test medium is contained within the chamber, and it’s our job to do that. If we don’t
do our preparations properly and expel all air from the test chamber a hydro test can become an
effective gas test but without any preparatio n for that having been made for that.

Example Calculation

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0” thread connections of the assembly shown below and with an 18750 psi internal pressure the formula will be.785) x 18750 = 1471875 lbf Note: That exerted force is known as the end loading To calculate the volume of the test chamber refer to the following page. Figure 2 108. That is the cube measures 12 x 12 x 12 inches 12 inches From that we can derive that a single cubic foo t contains 1728 cubic inches 12 inches Figure 1 To calculate the force exerted on the 10.Example Calculation 12 inches The schematic on the left illustrates a single cubic foot. Example Calculation Page 2 of 3 .375” D = Diameter of thread P = Pressure (D2 x 0.0 inches Bore Size = 7.

69 x108 4611.669 cubic feet To calculate the equivalent volume at standard conditions From the table on page 23 of the Pressure Testing Awa reness Manual extrapolate the value for nitrogen at 18750 psi Value = 688.Example Calculation To calculate the volume of the test ch amber: d = inside diameter (bore) L = Length (d2 x 0. Example Calculation Page 3 of 3 .24 1728 = 2.785) x L 42.24 cubic inches or 4611.5 x 2. but the gas density will vary as it is compressed.669 = 1837. It is only when the compressed gas is released and returns to atmospheric conditions that the calculated figure becomes applicable.6 cubic feet NOTE: Always remember that whether the test chamber is filled with pressurised liquid or gas the volume will remain the same.5 Potential volume of gas at standard conditions 688.