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Name

:
Date:

, which vibrates our
Period:

.

Day:

Energy and Energy
Transfers
1. What is energy?

2. Is energy being used when you are laying around
on the couch with Cheetoh fingers, while watching
Adventure Time?
3. Energy comes in several
. There’s two basic ways that
you can
.

Sound Energy has to move through a
!
6. Electrical Energy: Energy caused by the
movement of
from one are
to another. Because it is movement, then it is
energy.
Most commonly used to
and
; also includes lightning and
.
7. Light Energy: The movement of
, or particles of light.
Light energy moves (

energy) in a
motion as it travels.
changes the type of

A. Potential Energy:
Changing the wave’s
light.
B. Kinetic Energy:

8. Electromagnetic Energy:

4. Thermal Energy: The
energy
of molecules. Thermal Energy moves in 3 ways:
A.

.

B.

.

C.

.

Think of it as a
food, or

*MAGIC TRICK* What happened and why?

Sounds made in our

like gasoline,
.

What type of energy is stored in your cell phone
batteries?

Thermal energy moves from hotter areas to cooler
areas.

5. Sound Energy:
moves through an object as a

9. Chemical Energy: The
energy stored in chemical
.

that
.

or in
cause air in the room to

10. Transformation: Energy
from one type of energy to another.
*NOTE* Sometimes this is called a
.
In every energy transfer,
is a product taking energy from the
.
What are the energy transformations in this match?

11. Law of Conservation of Energy: You cannot
new energy from
.
You cannot
turn it into
Energy can only
to another!

existing energy and

2. Atom:

3. Molecule:

.
from one type

4. Thermal Energy: The
energy
of molecules. Thermal Energy moves in 3 ways:

Sparky:

A.

.

1. Describe the energy transfer that happens when
someone holds Sparky.

B.

.

C.

.

2. Describe the energy transfer that happens when
one person holds Sparky and touches another
person.

Thermal energy moves from
to
areas.

areas

5. States of Matter: A description of an object based on
how
.

3. Describe the energy transfer that happens when
one person holds Sparky and touches a group of
people all holding hands.

There are three states to learn about in middle school:
,
,
.

Pick ONE of the following questions to answer:

6. Kinetic Theory of Matter:

Draw a picture on the back to show each of the three
states.

On a roller coaster, when does the car have potential
kinetic energy and when is energy transferred?
7. Solids: A state of matter that only

How can energy be traced as it is converted through
different transformations?

What happens to the chemical energy in fireworks
as they explode?

Thermal Energy
1. What is thermal energy?

wiggle, or
. They don’t have enough energy to
8. Liquid: Matter that has
so that the molecules can move
each other, but
for the
molecules to
.
9. Gas: The state of matter that has
to make the molecules
from each
other and
in its
container.

10. Temperature: The
object contains… it’s a
” or “

that an
of “
”.

THERE’S TWO TEMPERATURE POINTS THAT
YOU NEED TO KNOW FOR WATER!
11. Melting Point: The
which a

at
has enough
to turn into a
. Also used when liquids
to become a
(AKA,
).

12. Boiling Point: The
which a

5. When gasoline undergoes combustion in the engine of a
car, what happens to its chemical energy?

6. Explain the transformation of energy in a lamp by
describing what happens after the electricity leaves the wall
socket.

So Light it Up Up Up……I’m On FIRE!

at

has enough
to turn into a
. Also used when liquids
to become a
.

13. How does a substance’s temperature change when
the average kinetic energy of its particles increases?
When it decreases?

Is It HOT In Here……Or Is It Just

SCIENCE??
Working with your shoulder partner, pick THREE
of the following questions to answer. You can use
your notes to help:

**WARNING**
Do not try any of the following at home! This is
a very dangerous experiment that is being
performed in a controlled setting that has been
specifically designed to handle extreme heat and
reactions that may occur. Safety precautions
include the use of safety goggles, lab station with
heat resistant counters, running water, a trained
professional adult, emergency water shower,
emergency eye wash, fire blanket, and first aid
kit. Performing this experiment in your own
home could result in injury to either yourself or
others and can cause damage to counters,
pluming, and any other surface that the flame
could come in contact with. Similar experiments
are also discouraged for the well-being of the
child and any other persons involved. Again, DO
NOT PERFORM THIS AT HOME.
STAY AT YOUR DESK

1. How is temperature related to kinetic energy?

Answer the following questions.
2. Do the molecules in solids move, even if we cannot feel it?

3. What happens to the molecules of a substance when it
changes its state of matter?

4. How can we predict what will happen when we add or
remove heat from a system?

Conclusions:
1. What type of energy is in the solution Ms. Norris
pours on the objects?

2. When Ms. Norris sets the different objects on
fire, why (for the most part) do they not burn?

3. Why did the water bottle react differently than
the other objects when it was set on fire?

4. List in order the energy transfers that took place
when SpongeBob was set on fire.

5. How does this experiment show how chemical
energy is a form of potential energy?