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• Hydraulic Nut - Bottom Collar

Operator Manual
Hydraulic Nut
Type: Bottom Collar
5

1
2

3

4

1

Nut Body

2

Seal Kit

3

Threaded Piston

4

Load Retaining Collar

5

(Configurations may vary)

Port Blanking Plugs

• Document: Hydraulic Nut
© 2004 - Tentec Limited

Tentec Limited

Plymouth House
Guns Lane
West Bromwich. West Midlands
United Kingdom. B70 9HS
Internet: www.tentec.net
email:tech@tentec.net
Telephone: +44(0)121 524 1990
Telefax: +44(0)121 525 1999
Published: Febuary 2004

Page  • Hydraulic Nut . Never exceed the maximum piston stroke of the Tool. unexpected bolt failure can be highly dangerous. Never use Bolt Tensioning equipment that has been modified or machined by anyone other than Tentec. (See specification Label on Tensioners). Never attempt to solve leaks in the system while there is pressure. Always ensure the equipment used is of Tentec supply and is in good working order. Never exceed the maximum working pressure of the Bolt Tensioner. • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Consult Tentec if advise is required Only approach pressurised Bolt Tensioners when you are certain pressure is holding steady. (See specification label on Tensioners).Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 . Always ensure there is sufficient bolt engagement between the bolt and the bolt tensioner. Always wear eye protection and gloves.Bottom Collar Operator Manual Safety Notes Never attempt to use this High Pressure equipment if you are in any doubt regarding the correct assembly and operation. Always ensure that all personnel in the immediate vicinity are aware that pressurisation of High Pressure equipment is about to take place. Never stand in line with the bolts axis.

The technical specifications of the tensioning tool are known Ensure sufficient stud protrudes above the hexagon or round joint nut Technical specification The technical specification of your particular bolt tensioning tools can be found in document “Tensioner Technical Specification” attached to this operator manual Recommended Oil Hydraulic oil viscosity class: ISO 10 example: Shell Morlina10 • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 .Bottom Collar Operator Manual Precautions Prior to connecting the hydraulic pump to any bolt tensioning equipment. the user is to ensure that The working pressure of the hydraulic pump and the equipment to be operated are compatible.Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 . The hydraulic oil specification used within the pump and the equipment are compatible. The reservoir pump capacity is adequate to operate the equipment throughout its range.Page  • Hydraulic Nut .

• Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Using a Tommy Bar make sure the Hydraulic Nut is fully seated against the joint face. ensure the Hydraulic nut is fully engaged with the the bolt through-out its complete length. Nut Height Page  Step 3 Step 4 If the Hydraulic Nut supplied is fitted with multi-ports choose a single most accessible port and remove the Blanking Plug. Assemble the Hydraulic Nut onto the exposed bolt threads. Do not overtighten the connection as damage to the male sealing cone can occur. Nut Height Also ensure full engagement through the hexagon nut on the opposite end of the studs being tensioned.Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 .• Hydraulic Nut .Bottom Collar Operator Manual Step 1 Step 2 Ensure adequate stud protrudes from the application. Replace the removed blanking plug with a suitable high pressure Tentec quick connect coupling (male).

A Link Hose is a length of high pressure flexible hose fitted with a male quick connect coupling one end and a female quick connect the other. link each nut together.Bottom Collar Operator Manual Step 5 Connect the Hydraulic Nut to a suitable Tentec Pump Unit by means of a Link Hose.Page  • Hydraulic Nut . fit one male and one female quick connect couplings to each Hydraulic Nut and by using Link Hoses. If simultanous Tensioning of more than one Bolt is to be carried out.Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 . The end nut on the application should have an unconnected female connection • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Connect to either a Air Driven Pump unit or a Hand operated Pump Unit Safety Note Blue Link Hose – Max Working Pressure = 21750 PSI (1500 bar) Red Link Hose – Max Working Pressure = 33000 PSI (2275 bar) Refer to Tentec publications for details on operating and setting up the Pump Unit.

Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 . refer to Technical Specification Label fitted to the Hydraulic Nut. Be aware of the pressure needed to induce the required Bolt load (See example load Calculation examples in this document) • Air Driven Pump Unit 1 Operator Page 1 Manual Tentec Page ® • Hand Operated Pump Unit Operator Manual Tentec ® 11 www.tentec.tentec.net www. Ensure you know the maximum operating pressure and maximum piston movement of the Hydraulic Nut.Tentec Limited Published: 1st June 2001 Document No:1234567 Step 7 Slowly pressurise the system.net Mini Air Driven Pump Units  Tentec Model – MSC 10-500-25  Hand Operated Pump Unit Max Working Pressure:1500 bar  Max Working Pressure: 1500bar    Part Identifier Frame Oil outlet. continually monitoring the pressure gauge and Piston extension.Tentec Limited  Handle safety catch Oil Reservoir Ž Filler cap Operating Handle Gauge Guard Pressure gauge Outlet connection Pressure relief valve  • Document: Handpump 1500 bar Page: 1 Published: 1st June 2001 Document No:1234567 © 2001 . • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . NEVER EXCEED THE MAXIMUM WORKING PRESSURE Note: Maximum stoke is visually indicated when the RED line painted above the threads on the piston becomes visible to the operator. female quick release coupling Ž Pressure release valve On/Off Valve Pump Unit Oil resovoir Filler cap Air Inlet Air pressure gauge Lubricator • Document: Air Driven Pump Unit          Part Identifier  Page: 1 © 2001 .Bottom Collar Operator Manual Step 6 You are now ready to pressurise the system.Page  • Hydraulic Nut . Continue the pressurisation. If the Max Piston extension is reached before the required hydraulic pressure then stop the pump. release the pressure and with the tommy bar rotate the nut fully shut.

Page  • Hydraulic Nut . use the tommy bar supplied and a mallet. Hold the Pressure Step 9 Release pressure from the Pump and remove all Hydraulic Fittings.Tentec Limited Step 10 Replace the original Blanking Plug. firmly tighten the load retaining collar ‘up’ against the Nut body. In order to retain enough pre-load the load collar must be seated firmly. hold the pressure.Bottom Collar Operator Manual Step 8 When the required pressure is achieved. To retain the Bolt load. Unscrew and remove the hydraulic Connection • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Published: Febuary 2004 .

Bottom Collar Operator Manual De-Tensioning Procedure D1 Refit the hydraulic connection to a suitable accessible hydraulic port Slowly pressurise the Hydraulic Nut Do not exceed the maximum working pressure of the system. Connect to either a Air Driven Pump unit or a Hand operated Pump Unit D2 Continue pressurisation until the load retention collar on the hydraulic nut comes loose. Do not exceed the maximum Piston Stroke of the Hydraulic Nuts. Stop the Pump and Hold the pressure. Release the pressure to zero by opening the “return to tank” valve on the pump. • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Rotate the Load Collar down away from the Hydraulic Nut Body.Page  • Hydraulic Nut .Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 .

Bottom Collar Operator Manual D3 D4 Release pressure from the Pump and remove all Hydraulic Fittings.Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 . Unscrew and remove the hydraulic Connection Replace the original Blanking Plug.Page  • Hydraulic Nut . D5 Dis-assemble the hydraulic nut from the stud • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 .

Bottom Collar Operator Manual Load and Pressure Calculations Clamp Length All Hydraulic Nuts regardless of Manufacturer or design exhibit a loss of Bolt Load as the Load is transferred from the hydraulic area Of the Nut to the load retaining Collar. Hydraulic Nut load transfer can be accurately calculated by applying the following formula:- Load Transfer Factor = Through Bolt = 1. Clamp Length Example Calculation Joint Details: Thread Size Clamped Length Required Bolt Load Hydraulic Area of Hydraulic Nut =2. involving the use of Ultrasonic Bolt Load Measuring Equipment.• Hydraulic Nut .1/2” =16” =336000lbs =18.14 = 21486 lbs/In2 Tentec Limited Plymouth House Guns Lane West Bromwich.Tentec Limited Published: Febuary 2004 .5 / 16)) =1. B70 9HS Internet: www.03 + ( 0.14In2 Clamp Length Page 10 Load Transfer Factor (LTF) = =1.85 x (2. This loss of load is a result of pure Loss of bolt elongation due to various factors.03 + (0. such has thread deflection and Joint Compression.03 + ( 0.85x(D/G)) Where :- D = Bolt Diameter G = Joint Clamp Length This formula has been derived from extensive on-site test work. West Midlands United Kingdom.tentec.85 x (D/G)) =1.16 * *First engaged thread Blind Bolt Applied Load = Required Load x LTF = 336000 x 1.net Telephone: +44(0)121 524 1990 Telefax: +44(0)121 525 1999 • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 .16 = 389760 lbs Pump Pressure = Applied Load / Hydraulic Area = 389760 / 18.net Email:tech@tentec.

It is recommended that the air pressure blow off valve on the pump unit is set at such a pressures to avoid over loading the bolts Squeeze the inner seal into the inner seal housing Push home the inner seal with a smooth rounded screwdriver Tentec products are subject to continual development and Tentec reserve the right to make changes in the specification and design of there products without prior notice.Page 11 • Hydraulic Nut . Ensure the seal and inner seal • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Only approach pressurised Bolt Tensioners when it is certain that the set pressure is holding steady on the pump pressure gauge.Bottom Collar Operator Manual Tentec use different seal configurations due to differences in tensioner specifications and tensioner usage enviroments This page details the replacement of type S2/K2 high pressure seals Safety Notes All general on-site safety procedures must be adopted when using this equipment. Ensure suitable thread engagement between tensioner and bolt is achieved ( 1 x the bolt diameter of thread should protrude from the joint hexagon nut on the side that the tensioners will be fitted) i. Never attempt to solve leaks in the system while it is under pressure. Shut the pump down immediately to zero pressure before attempting to resolve system leaks. Reproduction in whole or in part without the permission of Tentec Limited is prohibited. Position and stretch over the outer seal into piston outer seal housing. unexpected bolt failure is highly dangerous. Ensure the seal and back-up ring are fully seated around circumference Never stand in line with the bolts axis.e for a M45 thread. easy to assemble the back-up rings the wrong way. Place the inner back-up ring below the Carefully bend the back-up ring to enable it to clip into position. Always wear eye protection. Never exceed the maximum pressure of the Bolt Tensioner. working Never exceed the maximum piston stroke of the Tool. With a rounded smooth screwdriver push home the seal until the seal clips into the seal housing. It is recommended that all operators using this system must be trained in the safe use of the equipment Never attempt to use this High Pressure equipment if you are in any doubt regarding the correct assembly and operation. gloves and safety boots. All rights reserved. Never use Bolt Tensioning equipment that has been modified or machined by anyone other than Tentec. Notice the orientation of the triangular Place outer back-up ring onto piston sectioned back-ups rings.Tentec Limited back-up ring are fully seated around the circumference Published: Febuary 2004 . Always ensure there is full bolt engagement between the bolt and the bolt tensioner. Non essential staff should vacate the immediate area during the tensioning sequence Always ensure that all personnel in the near vicinity are aware that pressurisation of High Pressure equipment is about to take place. Always ensure the equipment used is of Tentec supply and is in good working order. It is very outer seal housing. 45mm of thread should protrude from the hexagon nuts.

Avoid damaging the feather edges. Feather Edge (outer) Feather Edge (inner) Seal Clip recess (inner) Seal Clip recess (inner) Feather edge type seals have a delicate sharp seal housing that must be handled with care. Never attempt to solve leaks in the system while it is under pressure. Never exceed the maximum piston stroke of the Tool.e for a M45 thread. Non essential staff should vacate the immediate area during the tensioning sequence Always ensure that all personnel in the near vicinity are aware that pressurisation of High Pressure equipment is about to take place. work around the periphery of the seal until the seal is completely inserted into the clip housing Type 1 Seal Similar assembly procedure as the type 2 seal but there is only a single piece seal and a single clip and housing. Never exceed the maximum working pressure of the Bolt Tensioner. Insert the inner seal into the seal housing. There are 2 configuration of Feather Edge Seals Type 1 1 seal makes up a seal kit ( single piece seal) Type 2 2 seals make up a seal kit (Inner Seal & Outer Seal) Always ensure the equipment used is of Tentec supply and is in good working order. All rights reserved.Page 12 • Hydraulic Nut . replace damaged hoses immediately. Reproduction in whole or in part without the permission of Tentec Limited is prohibited. work around the periphery of the seal until the seal is completely inserted into the clip housing Never stand in line with the bolts axis. It is recommended that all operators using this system must be trained in the safe use of the equipment Never attempt to use this High Pressure equipment if you are in any doubt regarding the correct assembly and operation. • Document: Hydraulic Nut © 2004 . Tentec products are subject to continual development and Tentec reserve the right to make changes in the specification and design of there products without prior notice. Always wear eye protection.Tentec Limited Examine hydraulic hose assemblies for crushed or badly kinked hoses. Seal Clip(outer) Seal Clip(inner) Type 2 Seal Always ensure there is full bolt engagement between the bolt and the bolt tensioner. Shut the pump down immediately to zero pressure before attempting to resolve system leaks. Ensure suitable thread engagement between tensioner and bolt is achieved ( 1 x the bolt diameter of thread should protrude from the joint hexagon nut on the side that the tensioners will be fitted) i. the seal clip fits into the seal clip housing. Using a blunt nose tool push the seal fully into the seal clip housing.Bottom Collar Operator Manual Tentec use different seal configurations due to differences in tensioner specifications and tensioner usage enviroments This page details the replacement of the Feather edge type high pressure seals Care of the Feather Safety Notes All general on-site safety procedures must be adopted when using this equipment. Only approach pressurised Bolt Tensioners when it is certain that the set pressure is holding steady on the pump pressure gauge. the seal clip fits into the seal clip housing Using a blunt nose tool push the seal fully into the seal clip housing. Never use Bolt Tensioning equipment that has been modified or machined by anyone other than Tentec. gloves and safety boots. Published: Febuary 2004 . 45mm of thread should protrude from the hexagon nuts. It is recommended that the air pressure blow off valve on the pump unit is set at such a pressures to avoid over loading the bolts Insert the outer seal into the seal housing. unexpected bolt failure is highly dangerous.