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PAPER - II

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

1. The American Senate is like "the saucer in which the boiling tea of the
House is cooled". Elucidate and make a comparison with the Senate of
Pakistan under the 1973 Constitution. (2000)

2. Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely’. Through what
mechanism this has been prevented in the American Constitution? (2001)

3. The most prominent feature of American Political System is its mechanism
of “Checks and Balances”. Discuss its functioning. (2002)

4. Examine critically the power of the President in the US Constitution. (2003)

5. Write down the election of the American President. (2004)

6. Examine the role of Supreme Court in the evolution of the American
Constitution. (2005)

7. How system of check and Balances works in American government?
Explain its functioning. (2006)

8. Analyze the place of President occupies in the U.S political system today.
Account for his supremacy in the Government. (2007)

9. How was George.W.Bush elected as president of U.S.A in 2004? Explain the

role of the U.S President as executive head of the state. (2008)

10. Discuss in detail the legislative the legislative powers of the USA
President. (2012)

11. Discuss the powers of senate of usa. Also analyse (2012)

12. What is judicial review? Discus its impact on usa decision making process.
(2012)

13. American Senate is "the saucer in which the boiling tea of the House is
cooled".Elucidate.(2013)

14. Discuss the powers and functions of US Senate. Also explain the concept
of Senatorial Courtesy.(2014)

15. Short Note - Gerrymandering (2014)

UNITED KINGDOM

1. The British Prime Minister is the "shining moon among the stars". Discuss.
(2000)

2. Magna Carta. (2000)

3. The Cabinet is the "steering wheel of the ship of the state. It sets the
direction of national policy in U.K." Examine. (2000)

4. Ministerial Responsibility is the cardinal principle of British democracy.
Elaborate. (2001)

5. Do you agree that British Political System is known for the cabinet’s
dictatorship? Give your arguments for or against this idea. (2002)

6. Do you agree in cabinets dictatorship in UK has undermined the supremacy
of the parliament? Explain. (2006)

7. Examine the fundamental Principles of British Constitution. Also discuss the
nature, Powers and functions of the British Cabinet. (2005)

8. Discuss the position and powers of the British Prime Minister. How does
9. He compare with the American president? (2007)

10. Do you agree that sovereignty of the parliament is the dominant
characteristic of British Political System? Explain in detail the role of British
parliament. (2008)

11. Explain how the British democracy is overshadowed by the cabinet
dictatorship? (2010)

12. What are the principals on which British Cabinet is organized and
functions. Also mention four occasions of Cabinet change (2011)

13. Explain why kingship is not abolished in England?(2013)

14.Explain the evolution of British Monarchy with focus on gradual transfer of
powers from the Monarch to the Prime Minister. (2014)

Enumerate the reason for downfall of Fourth French Republic and discuss salient features of 1958 Constitution. (2001) 2. Describe the salient features of the judicial system in France. (2011) . (2004) 4. French System of Government is a model of highly centralized political system. How it differs from that of Britain? (2008) 7. (2009) 8. (2010) 9. Discuss it in the light of the working of the French Political System.FRANCE 1. The French politics is not as liberal as the Frenchmen claim. (2002) 3. Describe the main features of the French political system. (2007) 6. Analyze the powers of the French President. Discuss the Powers of the President of France under the Fifth Republic. (2005) 5. How is the French President elected? Give an objective analysis of the power enjoyed by the President. Discuss. How local government functions in France? Discuss.

(2009) 4.(2014) SOVIET UNION 1. Analyze the role of political parties in the post 1958 political system of France. Examine critically the factors leading to the disintegration of Soviet Union. (2012) 11.10. Examine the principle of Democratic centralism in the Soviet Union. (2013) 5. Critically analyze the nature of federation in former USSR. Examine the Powers of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of USSR. Discuss the executive powers of the french president in detail.(2014) . (2001) 2. What is Supreme Soviet? Discuss its powers and functions. (2003) 3.

Ayub Khan’s 1962 constitution was highly centralized and therefore ultimately responsible for creating political turmoil in the country. Fourteen points of Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah (2005) 10.PAKISTAN 1. Examine the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Iqbal in promoting the growth of Muslim nationalism in India. (2000) 3. (2003) 7. Discuss evolution of Federalism in Pakistan with reference to its constitutional and political development from 1956 to date. (2004) 9. (2000) 2. (2001) 4. What are the major factors in your opinion responsible for the success of democracy in India and failure in Pakistan? (2003) 8. Critically examine the Federal provisions of the Constitution of Pakistan. (2003) 6. Eighth Amendment. Write down variables by which political culture has not developed in Pakistan. Discuss the’ achievements of the Quaid-e-Azam for the establishment of Pakistan. Discuss the problems presently being faced to the federation of Pakistan? (2006) . Discuss. (2002) 5.

” Discuss this statement with special reference to Balochistan and Sindh. Short Note -Supreme court of Pakistan (2012) 20 . Elaborate (2008) 13. into the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the Muslims. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. and 1973 (Reinstated in 1985 with amendments) constitutions of Pakistan: (2009) 15. Allam Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah were forced by historical events to shift from their view of HinduMuslim Unity to Muslim Nationalism. (2009) 14. the ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity. (2010) 18. Role played by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in the rise of Muslim Nationalism in the sub-continent. “In spite of the provisions of provincial autonomy in the 1973 constitution there are Anti-Centre feelings in the federating units. (2010) 17. Make a survey of the role of Judiciary in Pakistan as the Guardian of the Constitution. 1962. Discuss 18th amendment of pakistan. Compare and critically examine the following under 1956.Factors responsible for evolution of Two Nation Theory.do u find the principle of social justice in this Amendment? (2012) . Explain the factors that transformed Jinnah.11. (2011) 19. (2007) 12. Role of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as a reformer (2010) 16.

(2007) 6.(2013) 23. Communist Party of China.21. What are the main characteristics of the Chinese Political System? (2005) 5. Deng’s concept of “one country two systems” in China’s political system has succeeded in achieving Chinese National objectives.Give comparative analysis of the Islamic provisions of 1956. Explain the Commune System of Peoples Republic of China. (2008) . (2001) 3. How it played role in Socio-economic development of the country? (2002) 4. Substantiate your answer. 1962 and 1973 Constitutions of Pakistan. Discuss the role of Communist Party in the Chinese politics. Discuss the Role of Quaid-i-Azam in creation of Pakistan. How Iqbal's wisdom helped in shaping the intellectual foundations of Pakistan?(2014) CHINA 1. Discuss the organization and the role of the communist part in the Chinese political system. (2000) 2. (2013) 22.

(2000).Short Note .7. Explain the salient features of Iran's Political system? (2006) . Discuss the salient features of the constitution of the Peoples Republic of China in comparison with the constitution of former Soviet Union. Cadres scheme in Chinese political system. (2004) 4. Examine the role of Islamic Consultative Assembly in shaping politics in Iran. Islamic Revolution in Iran.National People's Congress of China(2013) 11.(2001) 2.How political Parties are organized in China? Discuss the organization and function of Chinese Communist party? (2011) 10. Short Note . Do you agree that we can present Iran as an Ideal Islamic State of the modern age (2002) 3. Do you agree that we can present Iran as an ideal Islamic state of the modern age? (2005) 5. (2009) 8. (2010) 9.Impact of Deng Xiaoping's reforms on China (2014) IRAN 1.

Do you agree? Discuss.Role of "Leader" in the 1979 Constitution of Iran . How far do you agree? (2005) 5. (2004) 4. (2001) 3. Short Note . The President of India is "merely a figure head".6.(2014) INDIA 1. Short Note.Rahbar in Iran's Constitution. (2000) 2. Basic Principles of Iranian Foreign Policy (2011) 8. Substantiate. Iranian Political System after the removal of the Shah of Iran (2010) 7. The President of India is ‘merely a figure head’. Secularism in India. Why Indian democracy is stronger than any other country of the region? Explain the reason. Coalitional government has made Indian democracy fragile and crucial. (2006) 6.(2013) 9. “The Indian Federation is rightly said to be a quasi-Federation having many .

(2007) 7.elements of a unitary state.” Discuss. Short Note -Lok Sabha (2012) 11. (2004) 4. (2008) 8. Critically evaluate role of political parties in Turkey. Explain the salient features of Indian political system. (2013) TURKEY 1. Mustafa Kamal’s political philosophy provides stability and ideological foundations to the Turkish Political System. Discuss it. (2009) 9. Discuss the role of Army in the Political system of Turkey."There is no such thing as Indian Secularism". How secure is the future of democracy both in Iran and Turkey after the 9/11 incident? (2003) . Short Note . (2002) 3. The role of the President of India (2010) 10.Discuss. (2000) 2. “India is a Secular state” critically examine and comment.

How political parties organize and function in accordance with Turkish constitution? Also enlist five major parties with names of their founding fathers. Role of Ataturk in building up modern Turkey (2005) 6. (2008) 9. (2011) 12. Discuss ideological foundations of Political System of Turkish Republic? (2006) 7.Discuss the salient features of 1982 Constitution of Turkey. Discuss SIX principles of kamalism as the basis of Turkish political system. (2009) 10.5. How Grand National Assembly in turkey is elected > Discus its Powers and Functions .(2014) . Analyze the role of Mustafa Kamal Ata-Turk as the first President of Turkish Republic with special reference to "six principles of kamalism" to modernize turkey on western pattern. Elaborate the secular aspect of Turkish Constitution and objectively analyze its impact on Turkish society. (2010) 11.(2013) 13. The predominance of the armed forces in the Turkish politics. (2007) 8.

Comparatively discuss the La\v-making process in the Parliament of Britain and Congress of United States. Discuss the characteristics of the American Political Party System. “The Senate of USA is the most powerful upper house in the world. (2004) 3. (2010) MISCELLANEOUS 1. Discuss committee system in American congress and point out its demerits. (2012) . Impact on the region of latest US President’s visit to India (2011) 2. (2009) 5.” Do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer with reference to the upper houses of India and Pakistan. How it differs from the Britain? (2006) 4. What is provincial autonomy? Discuss its importance in true federation. Examine the role of political parties both in UK and US in formulating public opinion on major issues in foreign policy making. (2003) 2.COMPARE & CONTRAST 1. Also compare it with British committee system.

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PAPER .I PLATO 1. “Plato intended to build an institution for scientific study of politics and training of statesman" elaborate (2008) 6. Critically examine this statement. How he tries to implement it through educational system? (2006) 5.(2014) . (2003) 3. Explain Plato's theory of Justice. Plato intended to build an institution for scientific study of politics and training of statesman. Discuss Plato’s contribution to the History of political thought. (2012) 9. (2004) 4. Plato’s Communism was. is and will remain impracticable. How he tries to implement it through the Education System? (2001) 2. Explain Plato’s Theory of Justice." elaborate. (2009) 7. Critically examine the concept of "Justice" by Plato. Platonic and Aristotelian paradigms (2011) 8. Examine the main similarities and differences in the Political Ideas of Plato and Aristotle.

Analyze and discuss the basis of this philosophy in detail? (2006) 4.ARISTOTLE 1. Aristotle was great but not grateful student of Plato” Comment. Machiavelli enunciated the philosophy of Art of government for effective discipline and stability in the satiate. Show how Aristotle’s Organic Theory different from Plato’s Idealistic Theory of State.r. Machiavelli enunciated the philosophy of art of the government for effective discipline and stability in the state.t his theory of the Ends and functions of the state.explain w. (2007) 3. “Is it correct to call Machiavelli citizen of all states and contemporary of all ages”? Argue. (2000) 2. Aristotle was a Realist and not an Idealist. (2002) 3. (2010) THOMS HOBBES . Analyze and discuss the basis of his philosophy in detail. (2000) 2. Machiavelli’s Prince. (2010) MACHIAVELLI 1.

(2000) 2. to the social contract theories of other philosophers. How General will of a Society formulated? Discuss in the light of Rousseau's interpretation. Do you agree? Give reasons. brutish and short. on the conclusions. in some respects. (2003) 2. Examine the nature of the contract expounded by Locke revolving in the establishment of the Civil Society (2004) 3. "Life in state of nature was nasty.1. poor. characteristics and criticism of the Theory of Genera! Will. Hobbes and Bodin are said to be the proponents of the theory of Absolutism. liberty and property"(Locke) (2008) ROUSSEAU 1.Discuss Locke and Hobbes “ perspective on the “ state of Nature” (2011) JOAN LOCKE 1. Analyze the statement and explain in detail. Locke was the father of Modern Liberal Democracy-comment (2007) 4. if the former violates people’s trust." (Hobbes) (2008) 3. Right to revolt against the established government by Locke. is antithetic. The natural rights of men are right to live. (2004) .

Montesquieu with all his faults and irregularities is the father of modern historical research. Short Note . Why has he been called the Aristotle of eighteenth century? Discuss. (2002) 2. Compare the views of Hobbes." explain and discuss. Examine Montesquieu theory of separation of powers. Explain. (2009) 5. Describe the basic features of Rousseau’s political philosophy. (2005) 3.Rousseau theory of general will (2012) MONTESQUIEU 1. (2012) . (2007) 4. How Montesquieu classify government? Which form he considers to be the best? (2004) 3. Narrate those facts on which he has been called the Aristotle of the Eighteenth Century (2002) 4.2. Theory of separation of Power (2006) 5. Examine Montesquieu theory of separation of powers. Appreciation and criticism of Rousseau’s theory of General Will. Locke and Rousseau on Social Contract and Sovereignty. (2009) 6. Montesquieu expounded his theory of separation of power to set forth the government organization in order to safeguard the political liberty.

.S.. We owe to them all our ideas. Bentham. It is said that Hegel's dialectical theory was standing on its head but Marx has reserved it? Discuss (2006) JERMY BENTHAM 1. Examine Montesquieu's theory of separation of powers. we refer to them all our judgments and all the determinations of life". (2006) 2. "Nature has placed man under the governance of two sovereign masters. what we shall do. Discuss this statement. Mill promoted pleasure-pain theory and under what nomenclature. (2001) 2. It is for them alone to point out. Bantam’s theory of Punishment... Why he has been called "Aristotle" of eighteen century? Discuss (2013) HEGAL 1. Had this theory any historical ROOT as well as EFFECT on the political conditions obtaining in their homeland? (2000) KARL MARX . (2002). pain and pleasure. It is said that Hegel’s dialectic theory was standing on its bead but Marx has reserved it.7. Show how Bentham and J. what we ought to do as well as to determine.

The Imamate is established to replace prophecy in the defence of faith and .Short Note -views of marx on socialist revolution (2012) 4. processes and developments in society . Marx’s historical materialism is the application of dialectical materialism to explain historical events . Al-Ghazali was the torch bearer of the Muslim Rationalistic Renaissance.1. Enlist the quantities of Al-Ghazali’s Amir and detail account of his daily routine (2002) 2. Analyze the statement in view of his status as a Mujaddid (2007) 3. (2011) AL-MAWARDI 1. Political Philosophy of Karl Marx (2004) 2. (2011) 3. Short Note -Marx's theory of Class Struggle (2013) MUSLIM POLITICAL THINKERS IMAM GHAZALI 1. Elaborate.Critically appreciate Al-Ghazali theory of Khalafat.

(2014) . (2007) 4. Write note on : Iqbal concept of Millat (2011) 6. “Al-Marwardi brought constitutional theory of Islam in line with political reality of his time. Dr. Iqbal’s views on Ijtehad (2010) 5. Compare the concept of Millat and Territorial Nationalism by Iqbal. Elaborate this statement of Al-Mawardi with reference to his Theory of Jmarnate.the administration of the world". Do you agree that it developed through a lengthy process of evolution? (2001) 2.Iqbal's concept of Ego (Khudi) (2004) 3.Discuss the Allam Iqbal's concept of "Khudi" (2013) 7. (2004) 2. Explain Allama Iqbal’s Concept of Nationalism. (2010) ALLAM IQBAL 1.” Discuss this with reference to his views on ‘Khlafat’ and Wizarate’. Examine the contribution of Allama Iqbal as a Philosopher and as a supporter of Muslim unity.

Farabi was in the truest sense. (2005) 3. Discuss his views on Political Economy. the first being Aristotle. the second Preceptor. (2008) 5. "Ibn-e-Khaledun is called the Father of Political Economy”. (2002) 2. Discuss the place of Ibn-e-Khuldun in the history of Political Philosophy? (2006) 4. How far is it true to say that Ibn-e-Khaldun perhaps was the first philosopher to realize the relevant importance of economics to politics? Argue. "the parent of all subsequent Arabic philosophers". Explain.IBN-KHULDUN 1. so that its only natural that he is regarded by the Muslims as the ‘Mu’allim’-o--thani. Short Note . Discuss. Ibn-Khuldun’s stage in the development of the state.(2000) .Ibn-e-khaldun perhaps was the first philosopher to realize the relevant importance of economics to politics. (2012) 6.Ibne Khaldun's concept of Asbiyah (2013) FARABI 1..

(2014) ISLAMIC STATE 1.” Discuss (2010) 3. Keeping in view the concept of Shura in Islam.” In the light of this statement. Ideal State of Al-Farabi (2010) 6. Give proper references from . Al – Farabi must be placed among the proponents of the Theory of Social Contract.2. especially with reference to the practical problems. which system of government you suggest for an Islamic State – Presidential. An Ideal Islamic State is bound to bring revolutionary changes in all spheres of human life. (2001) 2.Al-farabi theory of state (2012) 7. “Farabi was much inspired by Plato in his setting of the Ideal City. Elaborate the characteristics of Islamic State. Discuss in detail the concept of "Raisul Awwal" by Al-Farabi. AI-Farabi Concept of State (2004) 5.Short Note . Parliamentary or any other? Explain you answer in detail.” Discuss (2001) 3. or the Model State. (2003) 4.

freedom and actual rights. (2001) 6. Explain the general reasons of military interventions in politics in the developing countries of the world.the Holy Quran and Sunnah.” Critically examine the statement. (2001) MILITARY INTERVENTIONS IN POLITICS 5. (2003) . Communism is inimical to democracy. Write a critical note on “Devolution of Power Plan 2000”. What precautionary measures you suggest to avoid such situation. Explain also its positive as well as negative points as compared to the previous system of local government in Pakistan. (2003) DEVOLUTION OF POWER PLAN 2000 4. In what circumstances might a democratic country turn to military dictatorship or totalitarian rule? (2008) COMMUNISM 7.

classical Liberalism(2012) POLITICAL PARTIES 1.8. Fascism VS Platonism (2005) 3. (2009) LIBERALISM 1. (2004) 2. Discuss the principles of "Fascism" highlighting its historical background. Give a brief account of historical evolution of Political Parties with reference to theories on the origin of Parties. (2005) 2.Short Note . Principles of Fascism. Political Parties (2003) . What are the salient features of communism? Briefly explain. Also enumerates functions of Political Parties. (2003) FASCISM 1.

not in the habit of obedience to a like superior. (2009) (2013) SOVEREIGNTY 1. receives habitual obedience from the bulk of given society.’ that determinate superior is sovereign in that society and that society-(including .3. (2007) 4. Define political parties and their functions. Differentiate between Federation and Alliance. In all federations there is a manifest tendency to entrust the central governments with a wider and wider sphere of authority. "If a determinate human superior. What are the essential pre-requisites for successful Federal System? (2007) 4.” Analyze the statement and discuss in detail. (2002) 3. Merits of Federation. (2002) 2. In your view. Discuss the importance of Political Parties in a Modern state and assess their role as effective instrument of mobilizing Public Opinion. which party system is suitable for Pakistan's political system? (2013) FEDERATION 1.

(2007) 3. "Liberty is described as power to do or enjoy something that is worth doing or enjoying in common with others. Attributes of Sovereignty (2010) RIGHTS & LIBERTY 1.the superior) is a society political and independent". Rights and duties are based on the principal of reciprocity? Explain. (2008) . (2005) 5. (2009) 4. Critically examine the most important theories of Rights as explained by different writers. Austin. (2000) 2. (2002) 2. Critically examine the theory of sovereignty with reference to views expressed by thinkers in the 16th century." In the light of the above statement discuss the significance of liberty in the contemporary societies. (Minimum three). Critically examine the most important theories of right. Basic Rights. (2006) 3. Sovereignty is the most essential element of state hood-explain wrt the differences in the nature of western and Islamic concepts of sovereignty. Rights are conceived in different ways of various political philosophers.

Enlist the causes of decline in modern times. (2009) FORMS OF GOVERNMENT 1. Point out indicators of its effectiveness also. political and economic instability in a developing country? (2010) . Define and discuss Liberty and its safeguards.6. (2011) 8. Pressure Groups (2003) 2.Short Note .Right and duties are facets of the same coin. Define and discuss Liberty and its safeguards. Compare and contrast between Democracy and Dictatorship (2003) 2. (2009) 7. What are the powers and functions of an executive as a second great organ of the Government? (2004) 3. (2013) PRESSURE GROUPS 1. Enlist the causes of its decline in modern times also. Would you agree if it is stated that dictatorship is the only remedy for social. Discuss organization & functions of pressure groups.

(2012) POLITICAL SCIENCE 1. Also its importance. With special reference to Pakistan. (2008) 5. How can it bring even change in the society.(2014) . Examine in detail the principal advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary over presidential form of government. discus the principal advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary over presidential form of govt.Define political science. (2014) 3. Discuss the "Political Culture".4. Discuss "Democratic Political System".What are the prerequisites for the success of democratic Political System? (2011) 2. To what extent can one be systematic in a study of political process? How " scientific" is political science? (2012) POLITICAL SYSTEM AND CULTURE 1.

MISCELLANEOUS 1. (2005) 7. giving examples and show that the District Devolution Plan. Can public opinion be regarded as the 5th essential element of a modern democratic state? (2006) 9. Point out the problems and prospects of local –self Government in Pakistan.Write an essay on the structure and powers of the present local Government in Pakistan. What are the agencies available for the formation of and expression of public opinion? Also discuss the methods of influencing public opinion. as an advanced form of local government. (2000) 4. Explain the doctrine of Judicial Review. Point out its merits and demerits. (2005) 8. . Discuss the three principles for constituting the Second Chamber in a bicameral Legislature. Unitarianism is the habitual exercise of supreme legislative authority by one central power. determined by its leaders on the basis of their self-interest and prejudices against their opponents? (2000) 3. Bring out basic features of this form of state. (2003) 5.What are the reasons for the increased activity of the state in modern times? Do you subscribe to the views that the failure of democracy in Pakistan is the consequence of misplaced priorities. (2004) 6.What are the agencies available for formation and expression of public opinion? Also discuss the methods of influencing his opinion. is not the initial step towards formation of unitary type of state in the country.

Delegation of Powers. National Language. (2009) 3. (2009) 12. (2009) 5. of seats in provincial Assemblies (2009) 4. Write a comprehensive note on the power of judicial review and its limits in the context of Pakistan (2011) 13. Locke and Rousseau.Critically analyse the Social Contract theory of Hobbes. Mao’s views on Individualism. (2010) .(2013) SHORT NOTES 1. 5.(2007) 10. Discuss the theory of Kingship as propounded by Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi. Mode of Elections. What limitations did he apply to this freedom? (2008) 11. (2009) 2. Opinion Polls. State the grounds on which Mill advocated the freedom of individual's conduct. No. (2009) 6.

Separation of Power(2014) . The nature and emergence of “nation state” (2011) 8. Liberty(2014) 13. Asabiya (2014) 10. Independence of judiciary (2013) 9.7. Oligarchy(2014) 12.Social Justice(2014) 11.