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Training Manual

A 318
ATA 06-10 / 51-57
Structures
Diff. to A320

ATA 104 L3

A318 06/51-57 DIFF L3

Lufthansa
Technical Training GmbH
Lufthansa Base

For Training Purposes Only


Lufthansa 1995

For training purposes and internal use only.


Copyright by Lufthansa Technical Training GmbH.
All rights reserved. No parts of this training
manual may be sold or reproduced in any form
without permission of:

Lufthansa Technical Training GmbH


Lufthansa Base Frankfurt
D-60546 Frankfurt/Main
Tel. +49 69 / 696 41 78
Fax +49 69 / 696 63 84
Lufthansa Base Hamburg
Weg beim Jger 193
D-22335 Hamburg
Tel. +49 40 / 5070 22 26
Fax +49 40 / 5070 47 46

A318 DIFF.
00-12

ATA 00-12 AIRCRAFT GENERAL

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 1

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

A318 DIFF.
00- 12

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSION PRESENTATION
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS GENERAL
The A318 is a twin-engined short/medium range aircraft. It is a member of the
A320 family.

For Training Purposes Only

GENERAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A320 FAMILY AND A318:


S The A318 is a reduced capacity variant of the A319.
S The major changes of the A318 compared to the current A319 are:
- fuselage shrink by 4.5 frames (FR) (94 in or 2.38 m)
- width reduction of forward and aft cargo doors (from 71.5 in to 50.5 in)
- fin tip extension to cope with lateral stability
- passenger capacity reduced to 107 seats in two-class seating.

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

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A318 DIFF.
00- 12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

Figure 1
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Aircraft Dimensions (1)


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A318 DIFF.
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DIMENSIONS
The A318 dimensions are the same as for the rest of the A320 family
except for the fuselage length and the total height.
The A318 has a 31.45 m long fuselage and a 12.51 m total height.

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 4

A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

Figure 2
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Aircraft Dimensions (2)


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A318 DIFF.
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DOOR HEIGHTS
The A318 doors heights are the same as for the rest of the A320 family.

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 6

A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS

Figure 3
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Aircraft Dimensions (3)


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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

A318 DIFF.
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STRUCTURE
STRUCTURE GENERAL
Main structure differences between A319 and A318 are due to the reduced
length of the fuselage. There are several general structure changes.
The main differences are the laser beam welded structures and the vertical stabilizer fin tip extension.

For Training Purposes Only

GENERAL STRUCTURE CHANGES


On section 17, due to reduced length of the fuselage, the longitudinal beams,
the seat rails and the Z-profiles are replaced by new ones. The crossbeams at
FR52, FR53 and FR54 are removed. New crossbeams are installed between
FR55 to FR64.
Due to its location in the non-cylindrical part of the fuselage, a new cargo sill
box replaces the A319 one, in section 17.
The A318 fuselage is 4.5 frames shorter than the A319.
In section 13, the FR28 is removed and the FR27 becomes the FR27/FR28.
The distance between the FR29 and the FR30 is reduced. On section 17, the
FR52, FR53 and FR54 are removed.
On section 15, the A319 skin panels have been modified. For weight reduction
the A318 skin panels are thinner than the A319s. The aft part of the belly fairing is modified due to an overlap with non-cylindrical part of fuselage. To avoid
interference with cargo compartment door, the A318 belly fairing is two panels
shorter than the A319s.

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

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A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

Figure 4
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Structure General (1)


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LASER BEAM WELDING


The technology used for the current a/c of the A320 family is riveted skin/
stringer.
On the A318, the stringer/skin connections are welded.
The new laser beam welded skin panels are installed in:
S the sections 13/14, FR24 to FR35, stringers 18 to 32,
S the sections 16/17, FR47/54 to FR64, stringers 32 to 41.
The skin panels are made thicker where the stringers are welded to
them.

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 10

A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

Figure 5
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Structure General (2) - Laser Beam Welding


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VERTICAL STABILIZER
Compared with the current aircraft of the A320 family, the A318 vertical stabilizer fin tip is longer by 750 mm.
The new developed tip is completely made of Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic
(GFRP). There is an additional fin leading edge panel. There is a new spar and
a new Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) adaptor box, between the fin
base and the fin tip.
The metallic rudder tip is longer by 100 mm in vertical direction. The rudder
trailing edge is increased in width by 50 mm.

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 12

A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
STRUCTURE

Figure 6
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Structure General (3)


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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
BREAKDOWN AND ZONING

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STRUCTURAL ZONING AND BREAKDOWN


ZONING AND BREAKDOWN
The major A318 reference axes are the same as the current aircraft of the
A320 family.

For Training Purposes Only

FUSELAGE STATION NUMBERS


The station (STA) number is the distance in centimeters of the crosssection
from a reference point.
The reference (X=0) for all structural measurements in the X-axis is located
2.54 m (100 in) forward of the aircraft.
The A318 is 6.11 m shorter than the A320. It has 11.5 frames less than the
A320.
Therefore the A318 fuselage station numbers have changed from the FR27.

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

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A318 DIFF.
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For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
BREAKDOWN AND ZONING

Figure 7
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Structural Breakdown and Zoning


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CABIN COMPARTMENTS AND DIV. POSS. LAYOUTS


CABIN COMPARTMENTS
The cabin can be equipped in different configurations. The three cabin configurations are mixed class, all economy and high density
The mixed class cabin configuration accommodates a business class with four
seats abreast and a tourist class with six seats abreast.
The all economy cabin configuration accommodates only tourist class with six
seats abreast.
The high density cabin configuration accommodates only tourist class with six
seats abreast and a decreased seat pitch.
The cabin attendant seats are attached to partitions or lavatory walls. Depending on the cabin configuration, the number and the location of cabin attendant
seats can vary. The number and the location of the galleys and lavatories
changes with the cabin configuration.
The classes and zones are divided by floor mounted partitions and ceiling
mounted curtains.
The cabin arrangement (number of seats, galleys, lavatories) is defined by the
customer and has an impact on the seat count.

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
CABIN CONFIGURATIONS

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

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A318 DIFF.
00-12

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
CABIN CONFIGURATIONS

Figure 8
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Cabin Compartment and possible Layouts


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CARGO DOORS
CARGO DOORS
The A318 forward and aft cargo doors are smaller.
The new cargo door width is reduced from 1.82 m (71.5 in) to 1.28 m (50.5 in).
The under-floor cargo offers a usable volume of 21.21 m3.
There is no containerized cargo system option.

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
CARGO DOORS

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 18

A318 DIFF.
00-12

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
CARGO DOORS

Figure 9
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Cargo Doors
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GROUND HANDLING
GROUND HANDLING
Note that special care must be taken during manual cargo loading and unloading of the forward cargo compartment, because of the close proximity the engine intake to the cargo loading vehicles.

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Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
GROUND HANDLING

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 20

A318 DIFF.
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For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
GROUND HANDLING

Figure 10
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Ground Handling
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MINIMUM TURNING RADII


TURNING RADII
The different turning radii are shown on a steering diagram.
The distance between the two main landing gears is 7.59 m.
The nose landing gear is located 10.25 m forward of the main landing gear.
Y is the distance between the centerline of the aircraft longitudinal axis (Xaxis) and the theoretical center of turn for turning radius.
A matches the minimum turning width for a 180 degree turn.
Y, A and the radii R3, R4, R5 and R6 values depend on two parameters:
effective turn angle and steering angle.

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
MINIMUM TURNING RADII

FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Page: 22

A318 DIFF.
00-12

For Training Purposes Only

Lufthansa Technical Training

AIRCRAFT GENERAL
MINIMUM TURNING RADII

Figure 11
FRA US/T-5 JaG

10.10.2003

Turning Radii
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A318 06/51-57 Diff L3

TABLE OF CONTENTS
ATA 00-12 AIRCRAFT GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AIRCRAFT GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AIRCRAFT DIMENSION PRESENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STRUCTURAL ZONING AND BREAKDOWN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CABIN COMPARTMENTS AND DIV. POSS. LAYOUTS . . . . . . . . . . .
CARGO DOORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GROUND HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MINIMUM TURNING RADII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2
2
8
14
16
18
20
22

FRA US/T-5 Jacobi

OCT 2003

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A318 06/51-57 Diff L3

TABLE OF FIGURES
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11

Aircraft Dimensions (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Aircraft Dimensions (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aircraft Dimensions (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structure General (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structure General (2) - Laser Beam Welding . . . . . . . . . .
Structure General (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structural Breakdown and Zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cabin Compartment and possible Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cargo Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ground Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning Radii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FRA US/T-5 Jacobi

OCT 2003

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5
7
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11
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15
17
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