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Original Title: Tutorial Sheet No_1_MA1201- 2016-17(2)

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MA1201

Engineering Mathematics

(3-1-0-4)

2016 17

MODULE I

1.

2.

(i)

an 1

1 1 1

1

..........

2 3 4

n

(ii)

an 1

1 1

1

..........

4 7

3n 2

3.

1

If a n 1 , n N , prove that 2 an 3, , and that the sequence

n

an

is

convergent.

4.

If a n

1 1 1

1

..........

, n N , prove that 0 an 2 , and that the sequence

1! 2! 3!

n!

an is convergent.

5.

6.

State Cauchys first and second theorem on limits. Hence prove the followings:

1

1

1

lim

..........

0

2

2

( n 2)

(2n) 2

( n 1)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

lim

1 1 1 1

1

1

..........

0

n 2 3 4

n

(iv)

lim

1

1 2 3 3 4 4 .......... n n 1

n

(v)

n

2 3 2 4 3

n 1

..........

n lim

n

1 2 3

1

1

1

1

lim

..........

n 1

n2

n n

n

(i) a n

(3n)!

( n !) 3

(ii) a n

1/ n

1/ n

n

7.

1

( S n 1 S n 2 ), n 2,

2

converges.

Show that the sequence S n , defined by the recursion formula S n1 3S n , S1 1,

8.

converges to 3.

MODULE II

9.

10.

11.

(ii)

(v)

Logarithmic test

12.

13.

14.

(i)

(iii)

1/ 3

(ii)

x

x2

x3

.........

1 .2 3 .4 5 .6

log n

v) 3 / 2

n

(viii)

(vi)

(iv)

n

n 1

n2

1

1

1

.....

p

p

(log 2)

(log 3)

(log 4) p

p

(xii) 1

22

2 2 .4 2 2

x

x ...........

32

3 2 .5 2

(xiv) 3.4.5.6..........(2n 2)(2n 1) x ,

1

2 1

x2

3 2

x4

4 3

x6

5 4

.........

(vii)

1

2

3

......

2

1 2 1 2

1 23

(ix)

7.10.13.........(3n 4) x

(xi)

x 1.3 x 3 1.3.5.7 x 5

....

2 2.4 6 2.4.6.8 10

1

1.3

1.3.5

(x) 1

....

2

2.4

2.4.6

p

n 2 n1

n3 1 x

3.6.9..............3n

, x0

2

2 2

(xiii) x 2 2 x 4 2 4 x 6 .........

3 .4

3 .4 .5 .6

(xv) 1

x 2 2 x 2 33 x 3

...., x 0.

1!

2!

3!

22 2

(xvi) 1 1

(xviii) 1

33 3

3

2

2

44 4

4

3

3

.... (xvii) 1

x 2 ! x 2 3! x 3

2 3 ...........

2

3

4

(xix)

2x 32 x 2 43 x 3

....,.

2!

3!

4!

1 x

1

2

1 1

1

2 3

1 1 1

1

2 3 4

...........

nx

,x 0

(xx) x (log 2) x (log 3) x (log 4) ..... (xxi)

n 1

2

.

(1 ) ( 1) 2

(xxii) 1 1. x 1.2. .(1 ) x ........., x 0.

1

1

1

p p ..................... converges for p 0 .

p

1

2

3

15.

16.

(1) n 1

is absolutely convergent for p 1 , but conditionally

np

n 2

convergent for 0 p 1 .

17.

(i) 1

(iv)

18.

x2 x4 x6

..................... (ii)

2 ! 4 ! 6!

sin n

n2

(iii)

(1) n (n 2)

2n 5

1

1

1

.....................

2

2 2 .2

3 .2 3

(i)

(1) n 1

n1 / 2

(1) n 1

n 1 log(1 n)

(ii)

MODULE III

19.

20.

(i)

(ii)

2

(i) ( x , y ) lim (1, 2) ( x 2 y ) 5

21.

(iii)

(ii)

( x, y )

lim ( 0 , 0 )

xy ( x 2 y 2 )

0

( x2 y 2 )

(i)

( x , y ) lim ( 0 , 0 )

xy 3

(x2 y6 )

(ii)

x3 y3

( x y)

( x , y ) lim ( 0 , 0 )

22.

(x2 y2 )

, ( x, y ) (0,0)

2

2

Investigate the continuity at (0,0) of f ( x, y ) ( x y )

0,

( x, y ) (0,0)

23.

x3 y3

, x y

0,

xy

including origin.

24.

(x2 y2 )

, ( x, y ) (0,0)

0,

( x, y ) (0,0)

is continuous at origin but its partial derivatives f x and f y do not exist at origin.

z

z

a

2abz

x

y

25.

26.

If u e x y z , find that

27.

If z y f ( x 2 y 2 ), show that y

28.

3u

xyz

u u u

3

(i)

x y z x y z

z

z xz

x

x

y

y

2u 2u 2u

3

2 2

(ii)

2

x

y

z

x y z 2

29.

9

u

(iii)

x y z 2

x y z

State and prove Eulers theorem for a homogeneous function of x, y of degree n.

30.

x y

1

,

If u sin

x y

Show that

u

u

y

0

x

y

31.

x3 y3 z3

,

If u sin

ax

by

cz

Show that

u

u

u

y

z

2 tan u

x

x

z

1/ 2

32.

x1 / 3 y 1 / 3

If u sin 1 / 2

1/ 2

x y

33.

, show that

x2

2

2u

2u

tan u 13 tan 2 u

2 u

2

xy

xy

12 12

12

x 2

y 2

2u 2u

1

2 f (r ) f (r )

2

r

x

y

34.

2 v 2 v 2 v d 2 v 2 dv

x 2 y 2 z 2 dr 2 r dr

35.

2

2

2 1

If r x y z , prove that 2 2 2 0 .

y

z r

x

36.

If u f ( y z, x y.z x) ,

37.

Transform

38.

u u u

0

x x z

Show that

2v 2v

x 2 y 2

V V V

,

,

are homogeneous function of x, y and z

x y z

of degree n-1.

39.

order partial derivatives and if V f ( X , Y , Z ) where X

prove that X

V

V

V

,Y

,Z

then

x

y

z

V

V

V

n

Y

Z

V

X

Y

X n 1

dx

dy

40.

If x 2 y 2 z 2 2 x y z 1 , show that

41.

1 x2

1 y2

dz

1 z2

1.

dx

dy

dz

.

bny cmz clz anx amx bly

5

42.

Expand the following functions in powers of x and y up to the terms containing third

degree:

(i)

43.

f ( x, y ) e x cos y

(ii)

f ( x, y ) e x sin y

(i)

third degree:

(ii)

containing 2nd degree:

44.

45.

(i)

f ( x, y ) xy x 2 y 2 2 x 2 y 4

(ii)

over the rectangle in the first quadrant bounded by the lines x 2, y 3 and the

coordinate axes.

46.

highest temperature on the surface of a unit sphere x 2 y 2 z 2 1

47.

48.

Prove that the Jacobian of the transformation from the rectangular coordinates ( x, y , z )

into the spherical coordinates ( r , , ) is given by

49.

the Jacobian

50.

( x, y , z )

r 2 sin .

( r , , )

.If u

(u , v, w)

( y z )( z x )( x y )

2

.

( x, y , z )

(v w)( w u )(u v)

(u, v)

x y

( x y )(1 xy )

and v

. Are they functionally related?

2

2 , find

1 xy

(1 x )(1 y )

( x, y )

6

51.

are not independent but they are related by the equation u 3 3uv w .

52.

u 2 v 2 xyv 0 , find

and

u

.

x

MA 1201

Engineering Mathematics

(3-1-0-4)

Module I

Sequences, bounded sequences, upper and lower bounds, monotonic sequences, limits of a sequence,

convergence of sequence, Cauchys general principle of convergence, Cauchys theorems on limits (No

proof).

[3L]

Module II

Convergence of series of real numbers of positive terms. P series test, comparison tests, Cauchys root

test, D Alemberts ratio test, Raabes test. Gausss Ratio Test, Logarithmic and Higher logarithmic Ratio

Test, Absolute and conditional convergence, Leibnitzs Rule for Alternating series Test.

[6L]

Module III

Generalized Mean Value Theorem, Maclaurins series, Taylors series of functions.

Functions of several variables, level curves, limits, continuity. Partial Derivatives. Eulers theorem on

Homogeneous functions, chain Rule, transformation of independent variables, Total differential.

Jacobians, Taylors series in two or more variables. Maximum, minimum and saddle points of functions

of two variables. Several independent variables Lagranges method of Undetermined Multipliers.

[8L]

Module IV

Beta and Gamma functions, Double integrals, area, change of order of integration, Evaluation of integrals

by transforming into polar co-ordinates. Evaluation of Triple integrals. Volume and surface area by

double and triple integration by transforming in to cylindrical and spherical polar co-ordinates.

[5L]

Module V

Sketching polar equations of conic section, equation of tangent and normal line to a conic section

equation of tangent and normal line to a conic section including chord of contact, director circle and

asymptote.

[4L]

Model VI

First order differential equations, linear and Bernoullis equation, Reduction of order.

Curvature, normal vector, torsion and TNB frame, tangential and normal components of velocity and

acceleration, radical and transverse acceleration. Motion in polar. And cylindrical coordinates. Directional

derivatives, Gradient, Divergence and curl. Expansions, identities. Tangent plane and normal lines

Gradient, divergence and curl in curvilinear co-ordinates.

[5L]

Module VII

Line integrals, Work, Circulation, Flux, Paths independence, Potential function, Conservative field,

Greens theorem in plane, surface and volume integrals Gausss Divergence theorem, Stokes theorem.

Applications.

[4L]

Text Books:

TB 1: M.D. Weir, J. Hass and F. R. Giordano: Thomas Calculus, 11 th edition, Pearson Educations, 2008.

TB 2: Dennis G. Zill, Warren S. Wright: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 4 th edition. Jones Nad

Bartlertt Publishers, 2010

Reference Books:

(i)

E. Kreyszig: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th Edition John Wiley and sons 1999.

(ii)

T.M. Apostol: Calculus Vols 1 and 11.2nd Edition. John Wiley and sons, 1967 and 1969.

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