COURSE NO.: SYDE 282 COURSE HOMEPAGE: http://uwangel.uwaterloo.

ca TERM OFFERED: Fall 2007

COURSE TITLE: Fluid Mechanics

PREREQUISITES: Calculus 1, Physics 1, Calculus 2, Physics 2.

TEXTBOOKS/REQUIRED MATERIAL: FLUID MECHANICS (6TH ED.), FRANK M. WHITE, McGraw Hill, 2007 ISBN: 978-0-07-293844-9 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. John Z. Wen CPH-3375I x38362 jzwen@mme.uwaterloo.ca TEACHING ASSISTANTS: Adam McPhee (E3-2110D, x36142)
admcphee@uwaterloo.ca

Tim Lahey (DC-2583, x36813)
tjlahey@engmail.uwaterloo.ca

COURSE REFERENCES: Check the section TA 357 in the library. Some examples: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Munson, Young Okiishi; Mechanics of Fluids, Potter and Wiggert; Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics, Giles. COURSE SCHEDULE: Lectures: 3 per week (E2-1303A); Tutorial: 1 per week (E2-1303A) Lectures: Tutorial: COURSE DESCRIPTION Monday (12:30pm); Wednesday (9:30pm); Friday (9:30pm) Monday (1:30pm)

Fundamental concepts in systems involving fluid flow. Basic treatment of statics, kinematics and dynamics of fluids. Conservation of mass, momentum and energy for a control volume. Dimensional analysis and similarity. Flow in pipes and channels. Brief introduction to boundary layers, lift and drag, ideal and compressible flow. Weekly problems requiring in-depth application of the course concepts will be assigned. Complete solutions to these problems will be posted approximately one week after the problems are assigned. It is strongly recommended to do the problems before referring to the solution manuals. Remember that solution manuals will not be available during the midterm or final exams. There is a weekly tutorial where representative problems from the lectures will be demonstrated. The assistance with assigned problems will be provided. Attendance at the tutorial and working on the assigned problems are critical to success in the course. In the week following the midterm there is a laboratory involving fluid measurement techniques and related calculations. The sign-up sheet is available during tutorial and will be arranged by TAs. The laboratory will be performed in groups of three/four and a well-organized group can finish data collection in 3 hours. The manual is available online. The Midterm and Final exams are closed book examinations. A one page formula sheet (8.5x11) containing formulae and NO worked problems is allowed for both exams. The page will be handed in with the exam. The final exam will cover all course material. 30 % Midterm (Oct 18; 4:30pm - 6:30pm) 10 % Laboratory Report 60 % Final Exam

COURSE HOMEWORK

COURSE TUTORIAL

COURSE LAB

COURSE EXAMS

COURSE MARKS

Information about general student and course responsibilities can be found here: COURSE Responsibilities http://www.eng.uwaterloo.ca/~ugoffice/html/course_responsibilities.html

Lecture Sections 0. Course Overview 1. Introduction

Concepts

Text Sections

Pages 1-25

1.1) What is a Fluid? 1.2) Continuum Assumption 1.3) Dimensions and Units 2. Describe Fluid Motion 2.1) Two Systems: Eulerian and Lagrangian 2.2) Velocity Field 2.3) Acceleration Field 2.4) Viscosity 2.5) Reynolds Number: Laminar and turbulent flows 2.6) Classification of Flows steady, unsteady; 1D, 2D; compressible, incompressible 2.7) Flow Visualization Lines 3. Pressure and Friction Forces 3.1) Forces Acting on a Fluid Element 3.2) Pressure in a Fluid 3.3) Equilibrium of a Fluid Element 3.4) Pressure Variation in Fluids 3.5) Pressure Measurements 3.6) Pressure Forces on Submerged Bodies 3.7) Friction Forces 3.8) Flow near Walls: Boundary Layer Midterm 4. Control Volume Analysis 4.1) Control Volume Formulation 4.2) Mass Conservation 4.3) The Reynolds Transport Theorem 4.4) Conservation of Linear Momentum 4.5) Approximations to C.V. Balances 4.6) C.V. Analysis: Applications / Examples 4.7) Bernoulli's Equation 4.8) Energy Conservation 5. Dimensional Analysis and Similarity 5.1) Motivation 5.2) Buckingham Pi Theorem 5.3) Use of Experiments 5.4) Number of Repeating Variables 5.5) Drag on Submerged Bodies Example: Drag on a sphere 5.6) Similarity and Experiment Design 6.1) Flow Regimes 6.2) Entrance Length 6.3) Losses in a Fully-Developed Flow 6.4) Minor Losses in Piping Systems

1.4 1.5 1.6, 1.8 17-45 1.7 1.7 4.1 1.9 1.9 online handouts 1.11 63-107 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3, 2.9 2.3, 2.4, 2.10 2.5-2.7 1.9 4.6, 7.1 137-192 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.6 287-327 5.1 5.2, 5.3

226-227

5.4 474-490 5.5 341-391 6.1 6.1-6.2 6.3-6.8 6.9

6. Viscous Flow in Pipes

SYDE282 LECTURE SCHEDULE FOR FALL 2007 TERM

Week #
MON
W1 Lec1 Course introduction and overview Lec4 (Fluid Motion) 2.3 Acceleration field

Lecture #
WED
Lec2 Introduction to Fluids (1.1, 1.2, 1.3) Lec5 (Fluid Motion) 2.4 Viscosity

THURS

FRI
Lec3 Describe Fluid Motion (2.1, 2.2 Velocity field) Lec6 (Fluid Motion) 2.5 Reynolds number 2.6 Flow classification Lec9 (Pressure) 3.3 Equilibrium of a fluid element

Sept

W2

Lec7 (Fluid Motion) 2.7 Flow visualization W3

W4

Lec10 (Pressure) 3.4 Pressure variation

Lec8 Pressure and Friction Forces 3.1 Forces on fluid elements 3.2 Pressure Lec11 (Pressure) 3.4 Pressure variation (cont’d) Lec13 (Pressure) 3.6 Pressure on submerged bodies

Lec12 (Pressure) 3.5 Pressure measurements

W5 Lec15 (Pressure) 3.7 Friction forces

Lec14 (Pressure) 3.6 Pressure on submerged bodies (examples) Lec17 Control Volume Analysis 4.1 Formulation Lec20 (Control Volume) 4.4 Linear Momentum

Oct

W6

Lec16 (2nd order ODE) 3.8 Flow near walls

Midterm

W7

Lec18 (Control Volume) 4.2 Mass conservation

Lec19 (Control Volume) 4.3 Reynolds transport theorem

W8

Lec21 (Control Volume) Lec22(Control Volume) 4.5 Approximations 4.6 Applications of CV

Lec23 (Control Volume) 4.7 Bernoulli’s equation

W9

Lec24 (Control Volume) Lec25 (Control Volume) 4.8 Bernoulli’s equation 4.9 Energy conservation (cont’d) Lec28 (Dimensional) 5.2 Pi Theorem

Lec26 4.9 Energy conservation (cont’d) Lec29 (Dimensional) 5.3 Use of experiments 5.4 Repeating variables Lec32 (Dimensional) 5.6 Similarity

Lec27 Dimensional Analysis W10 5.1 Motivation Nov Lec30 (Dimensional) 5.5 Drag on submerged W11 bodies Lec33 Viscous Flow in Pipes W12 6.1 Flow regimes 6.2 Entrance length Lec36 Course Summary W13

Lec31 (Dimensional) 5.5 Drag on submerged bodies (cont’d) Lec34 (Pipes) 6.3 Losses

Lec35 (pipes) 6.4 Minor losses

Dec

John Wen

SYDE282

10/09/2007

SYDE282 CALENDAR FOR FALL 2007 TERM

Week No.

MON 10 Lec 1 17 Lec 4 24 Lec 7 Oct 1 Lec 10 8 Holiday 15 Lec 15 22 Lec 18 29 Lec 21 5 Lec 24 12 Lec 27 19 Lec 30 26 Lec 33 Dec 3 Lec 36 10

TUES

WED 12 Lec 2 19 Lec 5 26 Lec 8 3 Lec 11 10 Lec 13 17 Lec 16 24 Lec 19 31 Lec 22 7 Lec 25 14 Lec 28 21 Lec 31 28 Lec34 5

THURS

FRI 14 Lec 3 21 Lec 6 28 Lec 9 5 Lec 12 12 Lec 14 19 Lec 17 26 Lec 20 2 Lec 23 9 Lec 26 16 Lec 29 23 Lec 32 30 Lec 35 7 Tutorial 1

Sept

1

11

13

2 3

18

20

25

27

Tutorial 2

Oct

4

2

4

Tutorial 3

5

9

11 18 SYDE282 Midterm 25

Tutorial 4

6

16

Tutorial 5

7

23

Tutorial 6

Nov

8

30

Nov 1

Tutorial 7

9

6

8

Tutorial 8

10

13

15

Tutorial 9

11

20

22

Tutorial 10

12

27

29 6 Exams Begin 13 20 Exams End

Tutorial 11

Dec

13

4

Tutorial 12

11

12

14

17

18

19

21

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