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machine design nmu university paper

machine design nmu university paper

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You are on page 1of 4

Seat Number

*6591*

Machine Design I

P. Pages : 3

Time : Four Hours

Max. Marks : 80

________________________________________________________________________

Instructions to Candidates :

1. Do not write anything on question paper except Seat No.

2. Graph or diagram should be drawn with the black ink pen being used for

writing paper or black HB pencil.

3. Students should note, no supplement will be provided.

4. Attempt any two sub questions from each question out of a,b & c.

5. Use of non programmable calculator is allowed.

6. Use of PSG Design Data Book is allowed.

7. Assume suitable data if necessary.

1.

2.

static loads consisting of bending moments 10KN-m and a torsional moment

of 30 K-N.m. Determine the diameter of the shaft using two different theories

of failure, & assuming a factor of safety of 2. Take E= 210 GPa & poisson

ratio = 0.25.

c)

Design a Knuckle joint to transmit 150 KN load. The design stresses may be

taken as 75 N/mm2 in tensions, 60 N/mm2 in shear and 150 N/mm2 in

crushing.

a) The layout of a shaft carrying two pulleys 1 and 2 and supported on two

bearings A and B is shown in fig. The shaft transmit 7.5 kw power at 360 rpm

from pulley 1 to pulley 2. The diameters of pulley 1 and 2 are 250 and 500

mm respectively. The masses of pulley 1 and 2 are 10 and 30kg respectively.

The belt tension act vertically downward and ratio of belt tensions on tight

side to slack side for each pulley is 2.5:1. The shaft is made of plain carbon

steel 40c 8 (syt= 380 N/mm2) and the factor of safety is 3. Estimate suitable

diameter of shaft. If the permissible angle of twist is 0.5 per meter length.

Calculate the shaft diameter on the basis of torsional rigidity Assume G =

79300 N/mm2

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P.T.O

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500

250

250

A

1

2

T4 T1

3.

T2

T3

c)

900rpm from an electric motor to a compressor. The service factor may, be

assumed as 1.35. the following permissible stresses may be used. Shear

stress for shaft, bolt and key material = 40 N/mm2 crushing stress for bolt &

key = 80 N/mm2 & shear stress for cast iron = 8 N/mm2

i) Bolts of uniform strength.

ii) Strength of transverse fillet welds.

7.5 KN. Determine the size of welds if the permissible shear stress for the

weld is 100 N/mm2. Assume static conditions.

100

50

w1

50

w2

7.5 kN

50

c)

10 KN with an eccentricity of 500mm from the C.G of the bolts. The center

distance between bolts 1 and 2 is 200mm, & the centre distance between

bolts 1 and 3 is 150mm. All the bolts are identical. The bolts are made from

plain carbon steel 30 c 8 syt = 400 N/mm 2 and the factor of safety is 2.5.

Determine the size of bolts.

- 021

- 021

P

1

3

2

4

4.

b) A semi elliptical multi leaf spring is used for the suspension of the rare axle of

a truck. It consist of two extra full length leaves & ten graduated length leaves

including the master leaf. The center to center distance between the spring

eye is 1.2m. the leaves are made of steel 55si2mo90 (syt=1500N/mm 2 &

E=20700N/mm2) and the factor of safety is 2.5. The spring is to be designed

for a maximum force of 30 KN. The leaves are prestressed so as to equalize

stresses in all leaves. Determine cross section of leaves & the deflection at

the end of the spring.

c)

The following data is given for a rimmed flywheel made of gray cast iron

FG200 :

Mean radius of rim = 1.5m

Width of rim

= 300mm

Cross sectional area of

each spoke

= 10,000mm2

number of spokes = 6

Speed of rotation =

720rpm

Calculate The tensile stress in rim at =30 < =0 & the axial stress in

each spoke.

The mass density of cost iron FG 200 is 7,100kg/m3.

5.

b) State and explain stress concentration its causes and remedies.

c) A transmission shaft carries a pulley midway between the two bearings. The

bending moment at the pulley varies from 200 N-m to 600N-m as the torsional

moment in the shaft varies from 70N-m to 200N-m. The frequencies of

variation of bending & torsional moments are equal to the shaft speed. The

shaft is made of steel FeE 400 (Sut = 540N/mm 2 & syt = 400N/mm2). The

corseted endurance limit of the shaft is 200 N/mm 2. Determine the diameter

of the shaft using a factor of safety of 2.

************

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8

8

8

4

116

/ 30

P.T.O

- 021

- 021

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