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HO40/16

f.309 MS notes on the inquests on Martha Parkinson, Thomas Ashworth, William


Fildes, John Ashton, Joseph Whitworth

(Transcribed by Peter Castree)

Lancashire to wit )
as to the Death of Martha Parkinson

)

Barton upon Irwell August 18th 1819

Judith Hiller being sworn says I went on Monday last with the deceased to the Meeting at
Manchester and saw an immense crowd with Caps of Liberty, Flags and other ensigns of Liberty.
A great noise and tumult took place and I and the deceased and many others were knocked down
and forced into a Cellar hole and squeezed one upon another. I cannot say how the pressure
happened.





Judith Hiller
X
her mark
Sworn before me )
John Milne Coroner )




Verdict of the Jury

That, the said deceased on Monday last was in a crowd of People in Manchester

aforesaid and by Misfortune fell into a Cellar hole with many others and was so much

Hurt that she died upon the spot.

And the Jurors say the said deceased lost her life by accident and not otherwise.

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County Palatine of )
as to the Death of Thomas Ashworth
Lancaster to wit )

William Booth of Manchester aforesaid assistant Beadle to the Town of Manchester being sworn
and examined upon his Oath saith that on Monday the sixteenth day of August instant a
numerous assemblage of people upwards of fifty thousand took place on the area near Saint
Peters Church in Manchester aforesaid with Flags and Banners when James Norris Esquire a
Justice of the Peace for the said County deemed it expedient to read the Riot Act which he
accordingly did between Eleven and twelve oclock at noon of the same Day and a considerable
time elapsed upwards of an hour before the Soldiers were ordered to clear the Ground which
they did and a great Uproar and Confusion took place.







Wm Booth

Robert Bennett of Manchester aforesaid Gentleman being sworn and examined upon his Oath
saith that on Monday the sixteenth instant between the hours of one and two oclock in the
afternoon he was on the ground near Saint Peters Church aforesaid and saw the deceased
Thomas Ashworth down upon the ground but how he got there he cannot say. Says the Soldiers
made a charge. Says he understands Mr. Ashworth was a Constable but he did not see his staff.
Says a great pressure and Confusion took place.







Rob Bennett

William Hares of Manchester aforesaid Calenderer being sworn and examined upon his Oath
saith that on the said sixteenth instant about One oClock at noon he saw the deceased near the
Hustings on the ground before mentioned. Says the deceased complained of being ill and the
Manchester Cavalry came up and the Crowd pressed against him and he was knocked down by a
Constable by accident and upon recovering himself he saw the deceased down upon the ground
but does not know how he came there and says he did not see any person strike the deceased.
Says a general confusion took place.







Willm Hares

George Oliver of Manchester aforesaid Dyer being sworn and examined upon his Oath saith that
on the sixteenth instant he was on the ground before mentioned about One oClock or a little
after and saw Mr Ashworth the deceased there also, and saw the deceased knocked down by the

breast of the Horse of a Light Horse man. Says he thinks it was an accident and made off the
ground. Says he did not see any blows struck at the deceased.







George Oliver
Severally Sworn

)
before me John Milne Coroner )




Verdict of the Jury
That the said deceased was on the sixteenth day of August instant on the area near Saint Peters
Church in Manchester aforesaid upon the regular discharge of his Duty as a Constable and was
thrown down by the pressure of the Crowd and so much bruised that he died on the same day in
Manchester aforesaid.

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as to the Death of William Fildes

Manchester August 19th 1819. Martha Brookes of Denbeigh Dale in the County of York Widow
being sworn upon her Oath saith that on the sixteenth instant she was at the corner of Cooper
Street in Manchester aforesaid and saw a woman with a Child crossing the Street and a Light
Horse man rode accidentally over her, and the Child flew out of her arms upon the ground.






The mark of Martha
X
Brookes
Sworn before me )
John Milne Coroner )




Verdict of the Jury

That the said deceased was in the arms of its Mother on Monday last the sixteenth

instant and by accident was knocked down to the ground by a Light Horse man and was

by fright occasioned by the Circumstances thrown into Convulsions and died the same

Evening in Manchester aforesaid and that the said deceased was of the age of two years

or thereabouts.

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As to the Death of John Ashton

County Palatine of )
Lancaster to wit )
Thomas Brownhill of Manchester aforesaid being sworn and examined

upon his Oath saith that the deceased was brought to the Infirmary in Manchester

aforesaid from the area near Saint Peters Church in Manchester aforesaid on Monday

last the sixteenth instant quite dead but how the deceased came to his death Examinant

does not know.






Thomas Brownhill
Sworn before me )
John Milne Coroner )




Verdict of the Jury

That the said deceased was on Monday last the sixteenth day of August instant brought

from the Area near Saint Peters Church in Manchester aforesaid to the Infirmary also in

Manchester quite dead but how the deceased came to his death no satisfactory Evidence

can be adduced.

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County Palatine of )

Lancaster to wit )
as to the Death of Joseph Whitworth

James Ainsworth of Manchester in the County of Lancaster Surgeon being sworn and examined
upon his Oath saith that on Monday Evening last the sixteenth instant about nine oClock the
deceased was brought to the Infirmary in Manchester aforesaid in a Wounded State a Gun Shot

Wound in the head at the Back part thereof. He did what was necessary for him at the time and
attended him until his Death which took place on the twentieth instant and on the same Day he
opened the head and found the deceased had died of the said Gun Shot wound. Examinant
believes he came from the New Cross in Manchester aforesaid where a disturbance had taken
place on the said Monday Evening.






James Ainsworth

Christopher Wade of Manchester in the County of Lancaster Gentleman being sworn and
examined upon his Oath saith that on Monday Evening last the sixteenth instant about eight
oClock he was at New Cross in Manchester aforesaid when a considerable number of persons
were assembled throwing Stones at the Military and Constables and committing other acts of
violence and outrage when it was deemed expedient to read the Riot Act which was done by
Ralph Wright Esquire one of the Justices of the Peace in and for the said County of Lancaster. Says
that after the riot Act was so read the people were repeatedly ordered to dismiss but which they
refused to do until fired upon by the Military and as Examinant believes by a party of the eightyeighth Regiment of Foot.






Christopher Wade

John Kelly of Hyde in the County of Chester being sworn and examined upon his Oath saith that
his brother in Law the deceased told Examinant on Monday morning last the sixteenth instant
that he was coming to the Meeting in Manchester aforesaid on that day and on the same Evening
he was told by one David Woodhouse a Neighbour that the deceased was wounded and taken to
the Infirmary aforesaid. Says on the following day his Sister and Father came over to Manchester
aforesaid and found it to be the Case. Says he does not know of any other person coming from
that Neighbourhood.







John Kelly
Sworn before me )
John Milne Coroner )




Verdict of the Jury

That the said deceased was on Monday the sixteenth instant accidentally shot by the

Military under the Command of the Civil Power in suppressing a Riot and disturbance

which took place at New Cross in Manchester aforesaid on the Evening of that Day.