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Doppler Effect

By: Laurence Davidson


1) What is the Doppler Effect?
a) the observed change in frequency of and wave-energy of a wave as a source and
observer move toward or away from each other
b) the measured speed of sound coming off the moving object
c) the effect that earths rotation has on projectiles
d) the effect that is observed when two objects with mass attract one another
2) What sort of waves exhibit the Doppler effect?
a) light waves
b) sound waves
c) water waves
d) all of the above
3)

The Doppler effect is produced if


a) the source is in motion
b) the detector is in motion
c) both of the above
d) none of the above

4) Which of these statements is true for the Doppler Effect in sound?


a) The frequency of the sound waves increases when the source and observer move
towards each other and decreases as they move away from each other

b) the movement of the source and observer have no effect on the frequency because
The frequency of sound waves will always increase
c) the movement of the source and observer have no effect on the frequency because
The frequency of sound waves will always decrease
d) The frequency of the sound waves increases when the source and observer move
away from each other and decreases as they move towards each other

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5)

( *))))

Xobserver

Source moving

IF a sound emitting source moves right

towards an observer, what will the observer detect?


a) Longer wavelengths than an observer who stands to the left of the source
b) Shorter wavelengths than an observer who stands to the left of the source
c) The same wavelength as an observer who stands to the left of the source

((((* )
6)

Source moving

Xobserver
IF a sound emitting source moves left

away from an observer, what will the observer detect?


a) Longer wavelengths than an observer who stands to the left of the source
b) Shorter wavelengths than an observer who stands to the left of the source
c) The same wavelength as an observer who stands to the left of the source
7) What causes light from a star to be Doppler-shifted?

a) The amount of gas and dust between the earth and the star?
b) The distance between the earth and the star?
c) The relative speed of the earth and the star?
d) The difference in temperature between the earth and the star?
8) Which of the following can be determined by the Doppler effect?
a) Speed at which a car is traveling toward an observer
b) Radial velocity of a star
c) Speed at which a star is moving away from an observer
d) All of the above
9) What happens to the velocity of sound when the source is moving toward you?
a) The velocity goes up
b) The velocity stays constant
c) The velocity goes down
d) the velocity depends on the source emitting the sound
10) A disturbance that travels through a medium from one point to another transferring
energy is?
a) a wave
b) a force
c) micro-bacteria
d) a phase
11) Sound pitch can be described as
a) An individuals impression concerning frequency in a sound
b) A reliable sales presentation of a product

c) Loudness of a sound
d) Volume at which a sound is received
12) How does doppler sonar work when it bounces a sound wave off a moving object?
a) It measures the change in frequency of the returning wave to determine the
velocity of the object
b) It measures the speed of sound coming off the moving object
c) Doppler sonar works by moving the source at some given speed
d) It measures the absorption of the waves emitted by the source
13) To an observer the Doppler effect is perceived as what changes in sound?
a) the changes in the pitch of sound
b) the changes in the wavelength of sound waves
c) the changes in the loudness of sound
d) none of the above
14) What does sound intensity measure?
a) The frequency of a sound wave
b) The wavelength of a sound wave
c) The loudness of a sound wave
d) The change in pitch of a sound wave
15) What are the high frequency electromagnetic vibrations that propagate even in
absence of medium?
a) Sound waves
b) gravitational field lines

c) Dark energy
d) Light waves
16) True or False: The speed of a wave depends on the medium in which it travels.
17) True or False: Sound waves from an ambulance siren move away from the vehicle in
all directions.
18) True or False: Sound waves that are closer together have lower frequencies than those
that are farther apart.
19) True or False: As the frequency of a sound wave gets lower, the listener perceives the
sound to have a lower pitch.
20) True or False: Blue shift is caused by a light source and an observer approaching one
another, decreasing the wavelength and increasing the frequency of the light waves.