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Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for upgradation of junction

with NH-68 at
Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of
NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
BLENDING TRIALS FOR COMBINED GRADATION
Source of Aggregate :- 40mm, 20mm, 10mm, Stone Dust ,of Chikanmass Quarry ,Deesa Site

40%

40%

45%

38%

40%

38%

Specified Limits as
per
MORT&H Table 50010for Grading -1

Combined Gradation of Materials

45

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100

37.5

78.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

97.9

96.8

95.7

93.6

94.7

93.6

95-100

26.5

56.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

95.6

93.5

91.3

86.9

89.1

86.9

63-93

13.2

4.8

42.1

100.0

100.0

78.9

74.1

72.3

65.6

64.6

64.5

55-75

4.75

0.0

0.1

36.3

98.1

50.2

48.4

51.4

45.3

44.7

44.6

38-54

2.36

0.0

0.0

6.3

93.5

39.3

39.0

43.4

36.9

38.4

36.8

28-42

0.300

0.0

0.0

0.0

31.6

12.6

12.6

14.2

12.0

12.6

12.0

7-21

0.075

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.9

5.6

5.6

6.3

5.3

5.6

5.3

2-8

Individual Gradation of Hot Bin Materials


IS Sieve Size
(mm)

40mm
20mm
10mm
S.Dust

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

Trial 5

Trial 6

10%

15%

20%

30%

25%

30%

20%

20%

15%

10%

20%

12%

30%

25%

20%

22%

15%

20%

BLENDING OF AGGREGATE
120

% OF PASSING

100

80

60

40

20

0
0.01

0.1

1
IS SIEVE (MM)

10

100

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report
for upgradation of junction with NH-68 at Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27
near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A and NH-168 in
the state of Gujrat to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
BLENDING OF MATERIALS FOR DENSE GRADED BITUMINOUS MACADAM
IS
Sieve
Size

Individual Gradation of Aggregate

Combined
Gradation

Specified Limits as
per MoRT&H
Table 500-10,
Grading 2

Blending of Materials
40 mm

20 mm

10 mm

S.Dust

(mm)

40 mm

20 mm

10 mm

S. Dust

30%

10%

22%

38%

45

100

100

100

100

30.00

10.00

22.00

38.00

100.0

100

37.5

79

100

100

100

23.61

10.00

22.00

38.00

93.6

95-100

26.5

56

100

100

100

16.94

10.00

22.00

38.00

86.9

63-93

13.2

42

100

100

1.44

4.21

22.00

38.00

65.6

55-75

4.75

36

98

0.00

0.01

7.99

37.28

45.3

38-54

2.36

94

0.00

0.00

1.39

35.55

36.9

28-42

0.300

32

0.00

0.00

0.00

12.00

12.0

7-21

0.075

14

0.00

0.00

0.00

5.30

5.3

2-8

% Passing

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.01

0.1

10

IS Sieve Size (mm)


Lower Lim it

Upper Lim it

Theoritical

100

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for upgradation of junction with
NH-68 at Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting
Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton
(Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
TEST RESULTS OF MARSHALL SPECIMENS FOR DENSE GRADED BITUMINOUS MACADAM

Apparent Specific Gravity of Mixed Aggregate (Gsa)

2.985

Bulk Specific Gravity of Mixed Aggregate

(Gsb)

2.846

Effective Specific Gravity of Aggregate

(Gse)

2.929

% of
% of Agg.
Wt. of
Wt. of
Volume of
Bitumen
by Wt. of
S.S.D. Wt.
Specimen in Specimen in
Specimen
Content by Total Mix
of Specimen
Air
Water
(cc)
Wt. of Total (Ps)
(gms.)
(gms.)
(gms.)
f=e-d
Mix (Pb)
b=100-a

3.50

Average

4.00

Average

96.50

96.00

Bulk
Density,
(Gmb)
(gm/cc)
g=c/f

1227.5

758.5

1234.0

475.5

1234.5

760.5

1244.0

1235.0

766.5

Specific Gravity of Bitumen (Gb)

1.02

09.10.15

Date of Testing

% Voids
Max.
% Air Voids % Voids in
Filled by
Specific
Marshall
in Mix, (Va) Mineral Agg., Bitumen,
Marshall
Gravity,
Flow
=100 x (h - (VMA) =100- (VFB) = Stability (KN)
(Gmm) = 100/
(mm)
g)/h
(gxb/Gsb)
100 x (j - i)/j
(b/Gse+a/Gb)

2.581

11.32

2.0

483.5

2.553

11.68

1.8

1243.0

476.5

2.592

12.5

1.9

2.576

11.8

1.9

1240.0

767.5

1246.0

478.5

2.591

13.81

2.6

1241.0

765.0

1244.5

479.5

2.588

12.69

2.3

1240.5

768.0

1246.5

478.5

2.592

12.14

2.5

2.591

12.9

2.5

2.749

2.725

6.30

4.92

12.67

12.61

50.25

60.95

% of
% of Agg.
Wt. of
Wt. of
Volume of
Bitumen
by Wt. of
S.S.D. Wt.
Specimen in Specimen in
Specimen
Content by Total Mix
of Specimen
Air
Water
(cc)
Wt. of Total (Ps)
(gms.)
(gms.)
(gms.)
f=e-d
Mix (Pb)
b=100-a

4.50

Average

5.00

Average

5.50

95.50

95.00

94.50

Average

6.00

94.00

Average

6.50

93.50

Average

Bulk
Density,
(Gmb)
(gm/cc)
g=c/f

1248.0

770.0

1249.0

479.0

1251.0

773.0

1251.5

1250.5

770.5

% Voids
Max.
% Air Voids % Voids in
Filled by
Specific
Marshall
in Mix, (Va) Mineral Agg., Bitumen,
Marshall
Gravity,
Flow
=100 x (h - (VMA) =100- (VFB) = Stability (KN)
(Gmm) = 100/
(mm)
g)/h
(gxb/Gsb)
100 x (j - i)/j
(b/Gse+a/Gb)

2.605

13.62

3.0

478.5

2.614

13.2

2.8

1252.5

482.0

2.594

14.7

3.3

2.605

13.8

3.0

1247.0

773.5

1248.5

475.0

2.625

14.76

3.6

1259.5

782.0

1261.0

479.0

2.629

13.91

3.4

1247.0

770.5

1248.5

478.0

2.609

14.0

3.3

2.621

14.2

3.4

1255.5

778.0

1256.5

478.5

2.624

13.98

3.62

1261.0

782.0

1262.0

480.0

2.627

14.5

3.88

1256.0

780.0

1258.0

478.0

2.628

13.3

3.6

2.626

13.9

3.7

1261.5
1256.0
1264.5
1271.0
1261.0
1268.5
-

778.0
776.0
779.5
780.0
775.0
780.0
-

1262.0
1257.0
1265.0
1271.5
1261.5
1269.0
-

484.0
481.0
485.5
491.5
486.5
489.0
-

2.606
2.611
2.605
2.607
2.586
2.592
2.594
2.591

12.96
11.92
13.45
12.8
10.96
11.92
13.25
12.0

4.76
4.66
4.7
4.7
4.98
4.98
5.2
5.1

2.701

2.678

2.655

3.57

2.13

1.10

12.59

12.50

12.79

71.61

82.97

91.38

2.633

0.98

13.88

92.96

2.611

0.78

14.88

94.73

% of
% of Agg.
Wt. of
Wt. of
Volume of
Bitumen
by Wt. of
S.S.D. Wt.
Specimen in Specimen in
Specimen
Content by Total Mix
of Specimen
Air
Water
(cc)
Wt. of Total (Ps)
(gms.)
(gms.)
(gms.)
f=e-d
Mix (Pb)
b=100-a

Bulk
Density,
(Gmb)
(gm/cc)
g=c/f

% Voids
Max.
% Air Voids % Voids in
Filled by
Specific
Marshall
in Mix, (Va) Mineral Agg., Bitumen,
Marshall
Gravity,
Flow
=100 x (h - (VMA) =100- (VFB) = Stability (KN)
(Gmm) = 100/
(mm)
g)/h
(gxb/Gsb)
100 x (j - i)/j
(b/Gse+a/Gb)

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for
upgradation of junction with NH-68 at Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa
+ Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat
to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
SUMMARY OF TEST RESULTS OF MARSHALL SPECIMENS FOR DRAWN OF TEST PROPERTY CURVES

Bitumen(%)

Bulk Sp.gravity
of Specimen
(g/cc)

Voids in Mix
(V.I.M) (%)

Voids in Mineral
Aggregate(V.M.A)
(%)

Voids Filled
with Bitumen
(V.F.B) (%)

Marshall
Stability (KN)

Marshall Flow
(mm)

Marshall
Quotient

3.5

2.576

6.30

12.67

50.25

11.8

1.9

6.2

4.00

2.591

4.92

12.61

60.95

12.9

2.5

5.2

4.50

2.605

3.57

12.59

71.61

13.8

3.0

4.6

5.00

2.621

2.13

12.50

82.97

14.2

3.4

4.1

5.50

2.626

1.10

12.79

91.38

13.9

3.7

3.8

6.00

2.607

0.98

13.88

92.96

12.8

4.7

2.7

6.50

2.591

0.78

14.88

94.73

12.0

5.1

2.4

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for
upgradation of junction with NH-68 at Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa +
Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to
two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
TEST PROPERTY CURVES FOR DBM MIX DESIGN DATA BY MARSHALL METHOD
BITUMEN (%) Vs. M ARSHALL STABILITY (Kg.)

BITUM EN (%) Vs . AIR VOIDS (%)

2.620

2.600

2.580

2.560

2.540

9.00
8.50
8.00
7.50
7.00
6.50
6.00
5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

STABILITY (Kg.)

2.640
AIRVOID (%)

DENSITY (gm/cc)

BITUM EN (%) Vs. DENSITY (gm ./cc)

2.500
3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

15.0

14.0

13.0

12.0

1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00

2.520

16.0

11.0

10.0
3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

BITUM EN (%) Vs. VMA (%)

BITUM EN (%) Vs . FLOW (m m )

BITUM EN (%) Vs. VFB (%)

15.00

7.0
FLOW (mm)

100.00

90.00
VFB (% )

VMA (% )

14.50
14.00
13.50

80.00

6.0
5.5
5.0
4.5

13.00

4.0

70.00

3.5

12.50

3.0

60.00
12.00

2.5
2.0

50.00

11.50

1.5

11.00

1.0

40.00
3.5

1
2
3
4
5
6

6.5

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

3.5

Determination of Optimum Bitumen Content (%)


Bitumen Content at Max. Density (g/cc)
5.4
Bitumen Content at Air Voids (4.0%)
4.3
Bitumen Content at Min. V.M.A. (Min.11%)
5
Bitumen Content at Max. Marshall Stability (K
5
Bitumen Content at V.F.B. (70%).
4.5
Bitumen Content at Flow (3mm)
4.5
Optimum Bitumen Content
4.8

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0
5.5
BITUMEN (% )

6.0

6.5

7.0

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for upgradation of junction with NH-68 at Sanchore
connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A
and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)
DETERMINATION OF OPTIMUM BITUMEN CONTENT FROM BAR CHART
( As per MS - 2 )
Description

Specified Limit as per MS - 2 & MoRT&H Table 500-11

Air Voids (%)


VMA (%)

3-5

4.0-4.5

Min. 11.0

3.5- 5.5

VFB (%)
Marshall Stability (Kg.)

All criteria passes from Test Property Curves in given range of Bitumen
Content

65 - 75

4.5

Min. 9.0KN

3.5-6.5

2-4

4.0-5.5

Min.4.0

4.5

Flow (mm)
Optimum Bitumen Content (%)

Passing all Criteria


Air Voids (%)

VMA (%)

VFB (%)

Marshall Stability (Kg.)

Flow (mm)

3.50

4.00

4.50

5.00

5.50
Bitumen Content (%)
Too High
Passing all criteria
Too Low

6.00

6.5

7.0

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of Detailed Project Report for upgradation of junction with NH-68 at
Sanchore connecting Dhanera and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of
NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to two/four lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)

TEST RESULTS OF MARSHALL SPECIMENS AT OPTIMUM BITUMEN CONTENT


( Confirmatory Test )

Apparent Specific Gravity of Mixed Aggregate (Gsa)

2.985

Bulk Specific Gravity of Mixed Aggregate

(Gsb)

2.8458628

Effective Specific Gravity of Aggregate

(Gse)

2.929

% of
% of Agg.
Wt. of
Bitumen
by Wt. of
Specimen
Content by Total Mix
in Air
Wt. of Total (Ps)
(gms.)
Mix (Pb)
b=100-a

4.50

Average

95.50

Wt. of
Specimen
in Water
(gms.)

S.S.D. Wt. Volume of


of
Specimen
Specimen (cc)
(gms.)
f=e-d

Bulk
Density,
(Gmb)
(gm/cc)
g=c/f

Specific Gravity of Bitumen (Gb)

Date of Testing

Max.
% Air Voids
Specific
% Voids in Mineral
in Mix, (Va)
Gravity,
Agg., (VMA) =100=100 x (h (Gmm) = 100/
(gxb/Gsb)
g)/Gmm
(b/Gse+a/Gb)

% Voids Filled by
Bitumen, (VFB) =
100 x (j - i)/j

Marshall
Stability (KN)

mxn

Marshall Flow
(mm)

1244.0

769.0

1245.0

476.0

2.613

15.0

3.4

1242.0

766.0

1243.0

477.0

2.604

12.4

3.1

1249.5

773.0

1252.0

479.0

2.609

14.2

2.609

13.9

3.5

3.43

14.10.15 to 15.10.15

2.701

1.02

12.46

72.46

Project/Road: Consultancy Services for Project Manager Phase-I including preparation of


Detailed Project Report for upgradation of junction with NH-68 at Sanchore connecting Dhanera
and terminating at its junction with NH-27 near Deesa + Junction with NH-68 near Tharad
connecting Dhanera, Panthvada section of NH-168A and NH-168 in the state of Gujrat to two/four
lane with paved shoulder configuraton (Package no - NH/IAHE/19)

S. No.

Parameter

Results at 4.5 % Bitumen


Content

Results Achieved at Optimum


Bitumen Content
(4.5%)

Requirement As per
MORT&H

1.

Marshall Stability at 600C

13.8KN

13.9 KN

Min. 9.0 KN

2.

Marshall Flow

3.0 mm

3.5mm

2-4 mm

3.

Percentage voids in total mix

3.58 %

3.43%

3- 5.0 %

4.

Percentage voids in mineral aggregates

12.59 %

12.46%

Min.11.5

5.

Percentage voids filled by bitumen

71.61 %

72.46%

65-75 %

6.

Bulk Density

2.605 gm/cc

2.609 g/cc