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# 8/31/2016

Bernoulli'sPrinciple

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Bernoulli'sPrinciple

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Bernoulli'sPrinciple

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Bernoulli'sEquation

Bernoulli'sPrinciple
inhigherpressures.
acrossthelargertopsurface,itmustmovefasterthantheairtravelingashorterdistanceunderthebottom
someoftheliftfortheaircraft(notethatthisisnttheonlycauseoflift,asNewtons3rdLawalsoplaysa
criticalroleinunderstandingthedynamicsofflight).

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8/31/2016

Bernoulli'sPrinciple

Thisprincipleisalsousedinsailboats,carburetors,gasdeliverysystems,andevenwaterpoweredsumppumps!
ExpressingBernoullisPrinciplequantitatively,youcanrelatethepressure,velocity,andheightofaliquidina
tubeatvariouspoints.

Thepressureatapointinthetubeplushalfthedensityofthefluidmultipliedbythesquareofitsvelocityatthat

Question:Watersitsinalargeopenjugataheightof0.2mabovethespigot.Withwhatvelocity
willthewaterleavethespigotwhenthespigotisopened?

P2mustbeequal.Sincethejugismuchlargerthanthespigot,youcanassumethevelocityofthe
wateratthetopofthejugisnearlyzero.ThisallowsyoutosimplifyBernoullisEquation
considerably.

Sincethedensityofthefluidisthesamethroughout,youcandosomealgebraicsimplificationto
solveforv2.

http://www.aplusphysics.com/courses/honors/fluids/Bernoulli.html

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8/31/2016

Bernoulli'sPrinciple

ThisisknownasTorricellisTheorem.Sincethedifferenceinheightis0.2m,youcannoweasily
solveforthevelocityofthewateratthespigot.

droppedfromaheightof0.2metersusingthekinematicequations...thisshouldmakesense,as
BernoullisEquationisreallyjustarestatementofconservationofenergy,appliedtofluids!

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