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Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA RAN, Rel. RU30,


Operating Documentation,
Issue 01

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and


MetroHopper with IFUE
DN04131775
Issue 04A
Approval Date 2010-08-25

Confidential

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


with IFUE

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the
product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the
use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which
the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted
in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The
documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel,
and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes
customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the
documentation.
The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity,
or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given "as is" and all liability
arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and
finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However,
Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions
contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia
Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which
may not be covered by the document.
Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO
EVENT WILL Nokia Siemens Networks BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED
TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY
OR DATA,THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION
IN IT.
This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and
other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws.
The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark
of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective
owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2010. All rights reserved

Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment.
Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures.
Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal
injury or in property damage.
Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system.
The system complies with the standard EN 60950 / IEC 60950. All equipment connected
has to comply with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German:


Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit
In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung. Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen.
Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Krperverletzungen und Sachschden fhren.
Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die
Anlagen installiert und wartet.
Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene
Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen.

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Issue 04A

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


with IFUE

Table of contents
This document has 47 pages.
Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1
1.1
1.2

Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Uninstalling AXC-FB Hopper Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

2
2.1
2.2
2.3

Using AXC-FB Hopper Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Starting AXC-FB Hopper Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Working offline or configuring a virtual node with AXC-FB Hopper Manager
10
Printing and exporting information in AXC-FB Hopper Manager window 11

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Establishing connection to a node . .


Connecting the LMP cable. . . . . . . .
Connecting locally via LMP . . . . . . .
Connecting via Q1 address . . . . . . .
Closing connection to a node . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

12
12
14
15
17

4
4.1

18

4.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper with IFUE . . . . .


Overview of commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper with
IFUE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper with IFUE using
Commissioning Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fine-aligning the antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring cross-connections and cross-connection banks. . . . . . . . .
Configuring cross-connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing cross-connection banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing licences with AXC-FB Hopper Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring identifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring network element settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring IFUE indoor unit settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring FlexiHopper (Plus) outdoor unit settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring MetroHopper outdoor unit settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
5.1
5.2
5.3

Verifying commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting statistics and counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring the fading margin for FlexiHopper (Plus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring the hop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44
44
45
46

Managing far end via LMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

4.2

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18
20
27
28
28
30
31
32
33
35
38
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List of figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16

Connecting the LMP cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


Configuring Serial Port settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Connecting to the node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Flexbus scanning page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Station type and protection mode settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Q1 bus routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
FlexiHopper OU settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
MetroHopper OU settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Graphical view of cross-connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Select Object dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Configuring network element settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
IFUE settings - Interfaces dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
IFUE settings - Configuration Backup dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
FlexiHopper Settings dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
FlexiHopper settings - Performance Management dialog box . . . . . . . . 40
MetroHopper Settings dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

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Issue 04A

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


with IFUE

Summary of Changes

Summary of Changes
Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document
issue contains all changes made to previous issues.
Note that the issue numbering system is changing. For more information, see Guide to
WCDMA RAN operating documentation.
Changes between issues 04 (2009-12-14, WCDMA RAN RU20) and 04A (2010-0825, WCDMA RAN RU20)
Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager (1.1)
Installation path has been updated.
Starting AXC-FB Hopper Manager (2.1)
Installation path has been updated.
Overview of commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper with IFUE (4.1)
Information about setting Reset after activation has been added in Purpose.

Changes between issues 3-1 (2008-11-19, WCDMA RAN RU10) and 04 (2009-12-14,
WCDMA RAN RU20)
Launch path of the AXC-FB Hopper Manager has been updated in sections Installing
AXC-FB Hopper Manager and Starting AXC-FB Hopper Manager.
Procedure steps have been updated in section Measuring the fading margin for FlexiHopper (Plus).

Changes between issues 3-0 (2008-03-15, WCDMA RAN RU10) and 3-1 (2008-1119, WCDMA RAN RU10)
Editorial modifications have been made.

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Summary of Changes

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


with IFUE

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Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager

1 Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager


1.1

Installing AXC-FB Hopper Manager


Purpose
This procedure describes how to install the AXC-FB Hopper Manager on your PC from
Nokia Online Services (NOLS).
Before you start
Make sure of the following:

your computer meets the requirements listed in AXC Manager and AXC-FB Hopper
Manager system requirements
you are aware of any other NMS/10 compliant manager software installed on your
computer
you have administrator rights, if you are installing under Windows NT
you have downloaded the installation program from NOLS

Steps
1

Start Windows.
Make sure all other applications are closed before starting the installation.

Locate the installation program that was downloaded from NOLS.

Run the installation program and follow the instructions on screen.

Once the installation program begins, you can select to read the installation notes
or install the Manager.

Click Install and follow the instructions on screen.


The setup program suggests that you copy the AXC-FB Hopper Manager files into the
default directory. If you have already installed any other NMS/10 compliant Managers
the AXC-FB Hopper Manager is automatically installed in the same root directory.
If you have no other NMS/10 compliant managers previously installed, it is necessary to
restart the computer during the installation process. If you are asked to do this, restart
you computer and start the installation from the beginning.
Expected outcome
The installed Manager can be found in Start All Programs Nokia Siemens
Networks AXC-FB Hopper Manager.

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1.2

Uninstalling AXC-FB Hopper Manager


Purpose
This procedure describes how to remove AXC-FB Hopper Manager from your computer.
Steps

Open the Windows Control Panel and use Add/Remove Programs to remove the
Manager software.
See Windows Help or manuals for more detailed instructions.
Further information
Removing AXC-FB Hopper Manager does not remove the data files you have created.
Therefore the AXC-FB Hopper Manager directory structure may not be automatically
removed either.

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Using AXC-FB Hopper Manager

2 Using AXC-FB Hopper Manager


2.1

Starting AXC-FB Hopper Manager


Before you start
This section assumes that:

AXC-FB Hopper Manager has been installed on your computer


you have read the README.TXT file, which contains important last minute information.

Steps
1

Start the computer and Windows.

On the Start menu, select All Programs Nokia Siemens Networks AXC-FB
Hopper Manager.
Further information
To access the Help system, press F1 or the Help button in a dialog or click Help AXCFB Hopper Manager Help Topics in the menu.
The screenshots included are representations only. The actual AXC-FB Hopper
Manager may differ slightly from the shots depicted.
Many of the changes or actions that can be performed in AXC-FB Hopper Manager do
not take place until they have been sent to the node.
Make backups of all important files on your PC, including the AXC-FB Hopper Manager
files. Recent backups are the best security.
Do not set the refresh time to a small value when monitoring alarms or other items. This
can place undue strain on the Q1 bus and delay other events or applications.

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2.2

Working offline or configuring a virtual node with AXC-FB


Hopper Manager
Purpose
You can use the AXC-FB Hopper Manager online or offline. Online mode manages an
actual network element and any changes are made directly to the equipment. Offline
mode allows you to manage a virtual node. In offline mode, all the configuration information is saved to the node file, except for the fault settings, measurements, and performance statistics. The node file is a representation of a real network element.
When working offline it is possible to create a template that can be used to commission
numerous installations with similar configurations. You can also use offline to make
changes to an installation at the office before going into the field.
When in offline mode, AXC-FB Hopper Manager does not verify the entered configuration. The configuration is verified with the actual equipment when it is sent to the node.
If the created configuration does not correspond to the actual installed equipment, a
warning message is displayed.
Steps

To create a new virtual node file, select File New.


It is necessary to first create the equipment structure to be used. The Commissioning
Wizard (New File Wizard) first asks you to select the indoor units, plug-in units, and
outdoor units for your virtual node file.
After a node file has been created and saved, you can re-configure the file and its equipment structure by selecting Configure Node File on the AXC-FB Hopper Manager
menu.
When creating a virtual node file for the first time, you must specify the equipment configuration. When managing an online node, the configuration is read directly from the
equipment.

To save an image of the network element to disk, select File Save As while
managing an actual network element.
The file is saved with a default extension of .NOD and can be stored wherever you
prefer. This file provides the basis for a virtual node but it can also be used as a backup.

10

To work on an existing file, select File Open.

To send the settings of a node file to the local network element, connect the LMP
cable and select Manage Send All.

Close the AXC-FB Hopper Manager session and continue commissioning by


opening a new session.

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2.3

Printing and exporting information in AXC-FB Hopper


Manager window
Purpose
You can print the information in the currently active window to the default Windows
printer. The information is printed in text format. In a similar way, you can also export
information in the active window to a text file.
Steps

Select the window you want to print or export.


If the window is not open, you can open it from the toolbar or menu.

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Select either File Print... or File Export File... from the menu.

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Establishing connection to a node

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


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3 Establishing connection to a node


3.1

Connecting the LMP cable


Purpose
When AXC-FB Hopper Manager is used for local management, the computer must be
connected to the IFUE interface unit using the local management port (LMP) communication cable. The cable has a D9 (female) serial connector at one end and a BQ connector at the other.
Steps

12

Connect the BQ connector to the LMP of the IFUE unit.

Connect D9 connector to a COM port of the PC.

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Establishing connection to a node

Further information

IFUE

MP

PC + AXC-FB Hopper
Manager software

BQ

LMP

FB1

Q1 LMP Cable
D9F

FB2

FB3

BQ (male) on the cable

Figure 1

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D9 (female) on the cable

3
1

LMP out
LMP in

4
2

GND
+5V

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

nc
RD
TD
nc
GND
nc
nc
nc
nc

7 6

GND = ground
RD = received data
TD = transmitted data
nc = not connected

Connecting the LMP cable

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3.2

Connecting locally via LMP


Purpose
This procedure describes how to connect directly to the network element for the first
time.
Before you start
Make sure your computer is physically connected to local management port of the
network element.
Steps

Select Tools Options Manager Options from the menu.


The Manager Options window opens.

Click the Serial Port tab.

Select the serial port of the computer and the baud rate for the connection and
click OK.

Figure 2
4

Configuring Serial Port settings

Select Manage Connect Locally to establish the connection.


Expected outcome
When the connection is established, the Equipment View of AXC-FB Hopper Manager
opens. Note that closing the Equipment view window also closes the connection.

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3.3

Connecting via Q1 address


Purpose
This procedure describes how to connect to the network element using Q1 Connection
Tool.
Refer to Commissioning and Integrating the AXC for instructions on how to configure the
AXC Q1 support function.
Steps

Select Manage Connect from the menu.


The Connect To Node window opens.

Figure 3

Connecting to the node

Select the Database tab and click Connections.

Click Add.., name the new connection and select the appropriate connection type.

Configure the connection.


See GCS User's Manual for detailed instructions.

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Click Save to save the settings.

Select the Direct tab and the connection you just created.

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Enter the Q1 address of the network element to which you want to connect and
click Connect.
Expected outcome
A connection is established via the Q1 address and the Equipment View of AXC-FB
Hopper Manager opens. Note that closing the Equipment view window also closes the
connection.

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3.4

Closing connection to a node


Steps

If necessary, save the changes you have made.

Select Manage Disconnect from the menu.


AXC-FB Hopper Manager asks for your confirmation. Click Yes.

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Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper


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4 Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and


MetroHopper with IFUE
4.1

Overview of commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and


MetroHopper with IFUE
Purpose
This overview procedure describes the commissioning process of the IFUE and the connected FlexiHopper (Plus) microwave radios and MetroHopper radios. All commissioning tasks are performed with AXC-FB Hopper Manager, which contains a
Commissioning Wizard to aid in the tasks.
Commissioning is the process of bringing a newly installed network element into use.
This configures the system for operational use and defines all the system parameters
needed for basic functions. If necessary, the commissioning process can also be performed on a previously commissioned network element.

g It is mandatory to enable the "reset after activation" checkbox before activating the
inactive software. However, it is not mandatory to select it before downloading the
new software.
Before you start
The following prerequisites must be fulfilled before starting the commissioning:

the equipment has been installed in accordance with the installation instructions
you have a PC with communication cable and AXC-FB Hopper Manager installed
on it. It is also recommended that you familiarise yourself with the operation of the
Manager beforehand.

Steps

18

Connect the communication cable between the PC and the indoor unit.

Start AXC-FB Hopper Manager.

Set up the connection to the network element either locally via LMP or using Q1
address.

Run the Commissioning Wizard and fill in the basic settings.

Fine-align the antennas.

Configure the cross-connections.

Configure any additional settings.

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Reset the statistics and error counters.

Monitor the hop for at least half an hour.

10

Save a copy of the node configuration to a file (File Save As...).

11

Backup the indoor and outdoor unit configurations, preferably using configuration backup.

12

Run the commissioning report from the Manager (Manage Commissioning


Report).

13

Export the alarm log and the recorded measurements and statistics to a file.

14

Close the connection to the node.

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4.2

Commissioning FlexiHopper (Plus) and MetroHopper with


IFUE using Commissioning Wizard
Purpose
The Commissioning Wizard contains several pages. Some pages may not appear
depending on the equipment structure present in the network element or the way the
Wizard is used. There is a brief hint on each page, but more detailed help is also available by pressing the F1 key or by clicking the Help button on each page.
In addition to the actual network element management, the Wizard can also be used to
configure virtual node files. For more information, see Working offline or configuring a
virtual node with AXC-FB Hopper Manager.
The Commissioning Wizard defines the minimum number of settings required for an
operational network element. To access the other settings and identification information,
select the appropriate item on the AXC-FB Hopper Manager's Configure menu.
Steps

Select Manage Commission...from the menu to start the Commissioning


Wizard.

Select the appropriate Flexbus interfaces from the list and click Start to check for
any connected outdoor units.
This turns the Flexbus power on. AXC-FB Hopper Manager notifies you when connected outdoor units are found.
If you know that the Flexbus power is already on (for example, you can see it in the
Equipment View window), click Next to move on to the next page. Then the scanning
process is bypassed.

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Figure 4
3

Flexbus scanning page

Install the necessary licences.


If a time-limited licence is brought into use when commissioning, a non-time-limited
licence must be installed before the expiration of the time-limited licence.
The time left in a time-limited licence is shown in the Time left field of the Licence
Manager window.

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If a concurrent software download is ongoing in the unit to which the licence file is to be
downloaded, wait for the completion of the download before loading the licence file. If
the inactive SW bank is invalid, please erase it before licence download.

To install a licence:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
4

Save the licence file to a folder on a local drive


Browse for the folder in which the licence file is saved
Select the feature of which the licence will activate in the Select feature window
Click Install
Click Next

Enter the site information (optional), and click Next.


Enter the following information:

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equipment name
group name
site name
site location.

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Select the station type and protection mode settings from the drop-down lists,
and click Next.

Figure 5
6

Station type and protection mode settings

Set Flexbus settings, and click Next.


Select whether the Flexbus interfaces are in use or not, and set their capacities.
To avoid extra alarms, set unused Flexbuses to 'not in use' by unchecking the In use
checkbox.

Select the settings for the Q1 bus and the local management port.
In the drop-down lists, select:

baud rate
Q1 group address
Q1 address.

The baud rate for the Q1 bus must match the rate of the AXC Q1 support function.

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Select the Q1 bus routing, which defines the way Q1 commands are routed
through the network element.

Figure 6
9

Q1 bus routing

Select the settings for the outdoor units connected to each Flexbus interface and
click Next.
Define the following settings for FlexiHopper (Plus) OU:

Tx frequency
maximum Tx power
Tx power on/off
interleave status.
scrambler
modulation

!
Before setting the outdoor unit's TX power, make sure the radio TX channel and transmission capacity are correct. This is to avoid transmitting on a wrong or too wide
channel, and interfering with other radio connections.

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Figure 7

FlexiHopper OU settings

Define the following settings for MetroHopper OU:

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master/slave settings
temporary hop ID
interleave status
channel selection method (manual/autosearch)

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Figure 8
10

MetroHopper OU settings

Check the settings and click Next.


When you have entered all the required settings a summary of commissioning settings
is displayed. It contains all the settings you have defined. Check that the settings are
correct and click Next to send the settings to the node. You can also go back in case
you want to adjust the settings on previous pages.
Further information
After sending the commissioning settings, you can check the hop status of all the connected outdoor units. For each Flexbus interface the connected outdoor unit is shown
along with its current state and received input level.
The status of the hop will not be ready before the other end of the hop is commissioned
successfully.

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11

On the last page, you can set installation information (optional) and the node
clock.

12

Click Finish to close the Wizard.

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4.3

Fine-aligning the antenna


Purpose
Fine-align the antenna after the transmit frequency has been set. The outdoor unit at the
other end of the hop must be pre-aligned to this station and must be sending a signal on
the correct frequency.
Before you start
With FlexiHopper (Plus), ALCQ (Adaptive Level Control with Quality measure) must be
off during the alignment. Check the alignment in the FlexiHopper Settings window, and
clear the ALCQ box if it is selected.
Steps

Fine-align the antenna.


You can find detailed instructions for aligning the antenna in FlexiHopper (Plus) or
MetroHopper Outdoor Unit Installation.

Repeat the alignment if necessary.


After both ends of the hop have been fine-aligned once, it may be necessary to repeat
the alignment to get the best performance. In an ideal situation, there is a crew working
at both ends of the hop so that it is easier to solve possible antenna alignment problems.

Check the RX-input level.


When the antennas have been aligned for the radios at both ends of the radio hop, verify
that the RX-input level determined by the transmission planning is met.
To access the measurements, click Maintenance Performance Measurements
on the menu. The RX-input level is also shown in the Equipment View if the status information display is enabled.
If the input level remains below the values calculated in the transmission planning, this
may be caused, for example, by incorrect antenna alignment (antenna aligned to the
side lobe, for example).

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4.4

4.4.1

Configuring cross-connections and cross-connection


banks
Configuring cross-connections
Purpose
A cross-connection bank defines how the 2 Mbit/s signals are routed between Flexbus
interfaces in the IFUE. The IFUE can contain up to four cross-connection banks. Only
one bank is active at a time and you must make the switch to the other banks manually.
The cross-connection banks can be created, copied, activated, renamed, and deleted.
For detailed instructions, see Editing cross-connection banks.
New cross-connection settings do not take effect until they have been sent to the node
(Manage Send). In addition, when removing or modifying an existing cross-connection, the changes have to be sent to the node before they can take effect.
The Cross-connections window contains one page for each cross-connection bank.
The connections are displayed as lines between each of the Flexbus connector points.
The selected connection is shown in red, the others in black. The selected connection
points are also highlighted.

Figure 9

Graphical view of cross-connections

There are two methods of creating cross-connections. The first is via a graphical user
interface (GUI), the other is a list-based method. The latter may be easier to use, for
example, if you do not have a mouse on your computer.
Before you start
Modifying cross-connections may cut the operation and maintenance and/or user traffic
connection to the AXC/BTS.
Before adding a new connection, both connection points must be free. Also, when
multiple cross-connections are added in the same operation, all connections have their
names generated automatically.

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Steps
1

Select Cross-connections View from the menu.


The Cross-connections window opens.
You can toggle between the graphic and list views by checking/unchecking Crossconnections Graphic view or the checkbox in the toolbar.

To create a new connection graphically, do as follows:


a) Click the first connection point so that it is highlighted.
b) Click the second connection point.
A new cross-connection appears on the Cross-connections window.

To create a new connection using the list based method, do as follows:


a) Select Cross-connections Add Connection from the menu.
b) Enter a name for the new cross-connection name in the Connection name field.
c) Select the number of cross-connections you want to add in the Number of
connections field.
d) Select the two connection points for the start and end of the connection from the
Connection point 1 and Connection point 2 lists.
If multiple connections are selected, these points are also the first of consecutive
cross-connections.
e) Click Apply.
f) Click OK after creating the last connection.

To rename a cross-connection, do as follows:


a) Select the connection or connections you wish to rename.
b) Select Cross-connections Rename connection from the menu.
c) Enter the new name for the cross-connection in the Connection name field, and
click OK.

To delete a cross-connection, do as follows:


a) Select the connection or connections you wish to delete.
b) Select Cross-connections Remove connection from the menu.
AXC-FB Hopper Manager asks for your confirmation. Click OK to confirm the
removal.

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Click the Send button to send the changes to the node.

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4.4.2

Editing cross-connection banks


Purpose
The IFUE can contain up to four cross-connection banks. The cross-connection banks
can be created, copied, activated, renamed, and deleted in either one of the cross-connection windows.
New cross-connection settings do not take effect until they have been sent to the node
(Manage Send). In addition, when removing or modifying an existing cross-connection, the changes have to be sent to the node before they can take effect.
Steps

Select Cross-connections View from the menu.


The Cross-connection window opens.

Select Cross-connections Banks from the menu.


The Cross-connection bank management dialog box opens, displaying a list that
contains all the cross-connection banks with their status.

To add a cross-connection bank, click the Add bank button in the Crossconnection bank management dialog box.
The Add bank dialog box opens. Give the new bank a name and click OK to add it to
the list.

To copy one bank into another, click the Copy bank button in the Crossconnection bank management dialog box.
The Copy bank dialog box opens. This is useful if you want to create another cross-connection bank with only minor differences compared to the original.

To activate a bank, select the bank and click the Activate bank button.

To change the label of a bank, click the Rename bank button.


The Rename bank dialog box opens. Each bank name must be unique.

To permanently remove a bank from the network element, select the bank you
wish to delete and click the Delete bank button.
AXC-FB Hopper Manager asks for your confirmation. Click Yes to delete the selected
bank.

Click OK in the Cross-connection bank management dialog box.


The changes are updated to the Cross-connections window.

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Click the Send button to send the changes to the node.

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4.5

Installing licences with AXC-FB Hopper Manager


Before you start
Before installing licences, save the licence file to a folder on a local drive, and configure
the folder from which the licence files are fetched in the Licence file folder field of the
Licence Manager window.
Steps

Start AXC-FB Hopper Manager and click Manage.

Click Licences.
The Licence Manager window opens.

Browse the folder in which the licence file is.

Select the feature for which the licence will be installed in the Select feature list.

Click Install.
Further information
If a time-limited licence has been installed, you must install a non-time-limited licence
before the expiration of the time-limited licence. You can see the remaining time for the
time-limited licence in hours in the Time left column.

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4.6

Configuring identifications
Purpose
All unit and network element identifications and settings are accessed via Configure
menu in AXC-FB Hopper Manager. Alternatively, you can use pop-up menus by clicking
the right mouse button over a unit in the Equipment view window.
User-defined identifications for a network element or a unit can include notes on the
installation, for example. Identifications used in alarm display can also be changed.
Some of the information cannot be altered because it is read directly from the equipment.
Configuring the identifications is optional but recommended.
Steps

Select Configure Identifications from the menu.


The Select Object dialog box opens.

Figure 10
2

Select Object dialog box

Select the appropriate unit or network element and click Modify.


A dialog box detailing the identifications of the selected unit opens.

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Modify the identifications and click OK.

Repeat steps 2 and 3 for each unit you want to modify.

Click Close to close the Select Object dialog box.

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4.7

Configuring network element settings


Purpose
All network element settings are accessed via Configure menu in AXC-FB Hopper
Manager. Alternatively, you can use pop-up menus by clicking the right mouse button
over a unit in the Equipment view window.
Before you start
If you change transmit frequency or Flexbus capacity settings, also change the settings
at the other end of the hop. Alternatively, use LMP far-end management.
Steps

Select Configure Settings from the menu.


The Select Object dialog box opens.

Select the network element and click Modify.


A dialog box for the network element settings opens. Click the tabs to switch between
pages.

Figure 11

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Configuring network element settings

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Select the Operation Mode tab to change the operation mode settings.
Protected modes can be used with FlexiHopper on Flexbus 1 and 2. See FlexiHopper
(Plus) Product Description for more information on the available protection methods for
FlexiHopper (Plus).
For MetroHopper, the protection mode is not supported. If MetroHopper is on Flexbus 1
or 2 the equipment must be set to Single.
The indoor unit must be reset before changes to the protection settings take effect.
When using 1-antenna hot-standby (HSB) protection, configure the radio connected to
the coupler input with lower insertion loss than the primary OU transmitter (see FlexiHopper (Plus) Outdoor Unit Installation).

Select the Q1 Branching Bridge tab to change the Q1 branching settings.


Select or clear the boxes to achieve the desired setting.

Select the Q1 Port tab to change the Q1 port settings.


To change the Q1 group address, Q1 address, or baud rate of the Q1 ports, type in the
desired value or select it from the list.

Select the Local Management Port (LMP) tab to change the LMP settings.
To change the Q1 group address, Q1 address, or baud rate of the LMP, type in the
desired value or select it from the list.

Select the Fault Handling tab to change the fault handling settings.
If another microwave radio indoor unit is used with 2G BTS fault supervision with older
style fault codes, you can check the box on this page to activate the old style fault
handler for reasons of compatibility. Note that this is not applicable to the IFUE.

Select the Command Timeouts tab to change the command timeout settings.
Control is the time period after which forced controls automatically expire and the
network element resumes normal operating mode.
Confirm is the time period during which confirmation is required for certain commands.
To set values for command timeouts, type in the desired value (control 60 - 6500
seconds, confirm 60 - 600 seconds).

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Click OK to send the changes to the node.

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4.8

Configuring IFUE indoor unit settings


Steps

Select Configure Settings from the menu.


The Select Object dialog box opens.

Select the IFUE indoor unit and click Modify.


A dialog box for the IFUE indoor unit settings opens. Click the tabs to switch between
pages.
Note that the contents of the dialog box varies depending on the equipment configuration.

Select Interfaces tab to check or change interface settings.


To set the Flexbus interface in use, select the In use box. If the Flexbus is not in use,
payload is cut and all Flexbus signal alarms are deactivated. Statistics and BER measurements are not collected. However, the outdoor unit can still be managed.
To change the Flexbus capacity, select the new capacity from the list. In protected
mode, a capacity common to both protected outdoor units is displayed.

!
Changing the Flexbus capacity also changes the capacity of the connected outdoor
unit(s). An incorrect value may cause you to exceed your licensed bandwidth and interfere with other links. Note that the capacity of MetroHopper is fixed to 4 x 2Mbit/s.
The capacity of the outdoor units at both ends of the hop must be set to the same value.
To switch the outdoor unit power supply on/off, select/clear the OU power supply box.
The Interface - FB 3 tab contains the settings for Flexbus 3.

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Figure 12
4

IFUE settings - Interfaces dialog box

Select Hardware reset tab to perform a hardware reset.


Hardware reset is necessary in some cases before settings take effect. This includes
the protection settings.
Click Send to send the reset command to the indoor unit.
Note that hardware reset cuts all traffic until the equipment has restarted.

Select Performance Management tab to check or change the IFUE performance


management settings.
The performance management settings include various threshold values for alarms as
well as gating times for BER measurements.
To edit a value, first select a Supervision block and a Measurement and click Edit.

Select the AIS tab to check or change Flexbus BER alarm and alarm indication
signal (AIS) settings.
You can select an AIS to be sent to the 2 Mbit/s interfaces when the bit error rate (BER)
exceeds the pre-defined value.
Check the AIS to 2M interfaces when BER alarm active checkbox and select the
values for BER alarm threshold (from 10-3 to 10-7) and Gating time (from 1 to 30 seconds). Set the gating time according to the selected alarm threshold (lower the threshold, longer the gating time) to get reliable alarm triggering.

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If you want optimal performance and changeover switching times in protected modes,
do not set the AIS on.
7

Select Configuration backup tab to check or change the IFUE backup settings.
Configuration backup makes it possible to create a backup copy of important unit configuration information to other units in the network element. These settings are stored
in other parts of the network element, so that when one unit is replaced its settings can
be retrieved from the other units. Backups can be made automatically or manually but
restorations can only be made manually.

Figure 13

IFUE settings - Configuration Backup dialog box

Select Automatically backup unit settings to set the automatic backup. There may be
a short delay between the change and the backup.
Click Backup settings now to backup the settings manually.
To restore the backup settings for IFUE, do as follows:
a) Disable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.
b) Open the IFUE Configuration Backup dialog box and click Restore settings now.
Click OK and wait for a few seconds.
c) Enable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.
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4.9

Configuring FlexiHopper (Plus) outdoor unit settings


Steps

Select Configure Settings from the menu.


The Select Object dialogue box opens.

Select the FlexiHopper (Plus) outdoor unit and click Modify.


A dialog box for the FlexiHopper outdoor unit settings opens. Click the tabs to switch
between pages.

Select Radio tab to check or change the FlexiHopper (Plus) radio settings.
In the Radio tab you can modify the transmit power, transmit frequency, automatic
transmit power control (ALCQ), modulation, and interleaving settings for the outdoor
unit(s).
In a protected setup, some settings are common for both radios, depending on the protection method (hot-standby operation (HSB) or diversity).

Figure 14

FlexiHopper Settings dialog box

To change the transmit frequency, type in the new value in the Tx frequency (kHz) box
or click the arrows to adjust the frequency.
To change the transmit power, type in the new value in the Maximum Tx power (dBm)
box or click the arrow to adjust the power.

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To turn the transmit power on/off, select/clear the Tx power checkbox.

!
Before setting on the outdoor unit's TX power, make sure that the radio TX channel and
transmission capacity are correct to avoid transmitting on a wrong or too wide radio
channel, and interfering with other radio connections.
For the ALCQ to function, you must set a value in the ALCQ set point (dB) box. This
value can be obtained from transmission planning.
For more detailed information on ALCQ functionality, see the ALCQ and Automatic
Fading Margin Measurement in FlexiHopper Microwave Radio application note that can
be obtained upon request.
To change the interleaving mode, select a new value from the Interleave status dropdown list. Possible values for interleaver status are Off, Depth 2 and Depth 4 in 4-state
modulation type. Note that the outdoor unit stops transmitting while this setting is being
changed. Change the setting accordingly also at the other end of the hop. In 16-state
modulation, the interleaver status is fixed to Depth 4.
To change the modulation type for FlexiHopper Plus, select a new value from the
Modulation type drop-down list. Possible values are 4-state modulation or 16-state
modulation.
Note that changing the modulation mode settings interrupts the traffic for one minute.
4

Select Performance Management tab to check or change the FlexiHopper (Plus)


performance management settings.
The performance management settings include various threshold values for alarms as
well as gating times for BER measurements.
To edit a value, first select a Supervision block and a Measurement and click Edit.

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Figure 15
5

FlexiHopper settings - Performance Management dialog box

Select Configuration backup tab to check or change the FlexiHopper (Plus)


backup settings.
Configuration backup makes it possible to create a backup copy of important unit configuration information to other units in the network element. These settings are stored
in other parts of the network element, so that when one unit is replaced its settings can
be retrieved from the other units. Backups can be made automatically or manually but
restorations can only be made manually.
Select Automatically backup unit settings to set the automatic backup. There may be
a short delay between the change and the backup.
Click Backup settings now to backup the settings manually.
To restore the backup settings for FlexiHopper (Plus), do as follows:
a) Disable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.
b) Open the FlexiHopper Configuration Backup dialog box and click Restore
settings now. Click OK and wait for a few seconds.
c) Enable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.

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Click OK to send the changes to the node.

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4.10

Configuring MetroHopper outdoor unit settings


Steps

Select Configure Settings from the menu.


The Select Object dialogue box opens.

Select the MetroHopper outdoor unit and click Modify.


A dialog box for the MetroHopper outdoor unit settings opens. Click the tabs to switch
between pages.

Select Radio tab to check or change the MetroHopper radio settings.


In the Radio tab you can manage the transmitter mode, hop end mode, transmission
channel, hop ID, and interleave settings.

Figure 16

MetroHopper Settings dialog box

Select the Transmitter mode by clicking the arrows. There are four possibilities:
Receiving only (RX), Forced Transmit (TX), Operating (TDD), and Commissioning
(COMM). Forced transmit (TX) and Receiving only (RX) are used in AGC alignment.
See online help or MetroHopper Outdoor Unit Installation for more information. The
commissioning mode is used for re-commissioning MetroHopper.

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One of the terminals forming a hop must be configured as the master and the other one
as the slave. When you use a synchronising cable, set Hop end mode to Master, and
select the Active synchronisation box to make the unit the synchronisation master for
all the units on the cable.
Transmission channel displays the channel in use. To manually set the channel select
Manual channel selection from Commissioning mode. To automatically select the
channel select Autosearch from Commissioning mode. Click the allowed channels
button to set the used channels.
The Hop ID field displays the unique hop ID, if the radios are already operational. When
commissioning the hop, you can enter a temporary ID in this field. Note that the master
and the slave must have the same ID.
Select the Interleave status: Off, Depth 2, or Depth 4.
Note that the traffic is interrupted while the interleave status is being changed. Change
the setting accordingly at the other end of the hop.
4

Re-commission MetroHopper if necessary.


If one or more of the following settings are changed, MetroHopper needs to be re-commissioned:

Hop end
Transmission channel
Hop ID

Interleaving and active synchronisation can be changed without re-commissioning


MetroHopper.
To start the re-commissioning set Transmitter mode to Commissioning (COMM) and
click OK. Repeat this action for the other end of the radio hop. Once commissioning is
successfully completed for both ends of the hop the outdoor units automatically change
to Operating (TDD) mode. Operating (TDD) mode cannot be selected manually unless
the outdoor unit has previously been commissioned successfully.
5

Select Configuration backup tab to check or change the MetroHopper backup settings.
Configuration backup makes it possible to create a backup copy of important unit configuration information to other units in the network element. These settings are stored
in other parts of the network element, so that when one unit is replaced its settings can
be retrieved from the other units. Backups can be made automatically or manually but
restorations can only be made manually.
Select Automatically backup unit settings to set the automatic backup. There may be
a short delay between the change and the backup.
Click Backup settings now to backup the settings manually.
To restore the backup settings for MetroHopper, do as follows:
a) Disable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.
b) Switch to Receiving only (RX) mode in the MetroHopper Radio dialog box and click
OK.
c) Open the MetroHopper Configuration Backup dialog box and click Restore
settings now. Click OK and wait for a few seconds.

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d) Restart the radio by switching the Flexbus power off and on again. Wait (approximately 30 seconds) for the software to start up.
e) Enable automatic backup for the indoor unit and connected outdoor units.

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Verifying commissioning

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5 Verifying commissioning
5.1

Resetting statistics and counters


Purpose
You should reset the statistics and the counters of the indoor and outdoor unit immediately after commissioning.
Later on, the statistics should be read and reset at regular intervals (once a month, for
example).
Steps

Select Maintenance Performance Reset Counters from the menu.


The Reset Counters dialog box opens.

Select the units and interfaces you want to reset.


AXC-FB Hopper Manager asks for your confirmation. Click Yes to confirm the reset.

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5.2

Measuring the fading margin for FlexiHopper (Plus)


Purpose
FlexiHopper (Plus) Microwave Radios have been adjusted in the factory, so most of the
commissioning measurements are not necessary. Only fading margin measurement is
recommended.
Before you start
Note that fading margin measurement cuts regular transmission over the radio hop.
Steps

Select Maintenance Settings from the menu.

Select Performance from the drop-down list.

Select Fading Margin Measurements from the Performance menu.


The Fading Margin Measurements dialog box opens.

Click Do Measurement... to start measuring the fading margin.


Expected outcome
The fading margin has been measured and the results are displayed in a list. When the
fading margin is measured in hot standby mode, two results are displayed (one for each
radio).

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5.3

Monitoring the hop


Purpose
It is recommended that you monitor the hop for at least half an hour after all settings
have been made at both ends of the hop.
Steps

Reset the statistics and counters, and let the hop operate for half an hour (or
longer, if necessary).
For more information, see Resetting the statistics and counters.

After the time has passed, check that the signal quality statistics and counters do
not show any undesired values.
Expected outcome
If the signal quality is acceptable (total time = availability time), and there are no unexpected alarms, the monitoring of the hop is complete.
Unexpected outcome
If any unavailability time occurs during monitoring, repeat the monitoring.

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Managing far end via LMP

6 Managing far end via LMP


Purpose
With AXC-FB Hopper Manager connected to the local management port (LMP) of the
indoor unit you can manage some aspects of the remote terminal in the radio hop.
Before you start
Note that the use of this feature depends on the indoor unit type and is not supported by
all of them. Only units directly involved in the radio hop can be managed. This does not
include any plug-in units at the far end.
Steps
1

To open the far-end management, position the cursor on the far-end unit and click
the right mouse button.

Read current alarms.


Alarms for the far-end units directly involved in the radio hop can be displayed. These
include, for example, the indoor and outdoor unit functional entities that are part of the
hop.
See Reading alarms with AXC-FB Hopper Manager.

To view performance management results (measurements, counters and statistics), select the appropriate item from the Maintenance Performance menu.
Remote terminal's performance in the radio hop can be monitored along with the near
end units. All error counters for the far-end units are displayed and the user can also
select various measurements for the far-end units.
Statistics for the far-end functional entities involved in the radio hop can also be displayed.

View and manage basic identifications.


Basic identification information about the remote units involved in the radio hop can be
displayed. See Configuring identifications.

To configure the radio hop, select Configure Settings.


The configuration of the FlexiHopper (Plus) radio hop can be changed. The hop setting
window varies depending on the operation mode and protection method. FlexiHopper
(Plus) hop settings consist of the upper frequency, capacity, interleaving, and ALCQ settings. You can also measure the fading margin for all the radios in the hop, both nearend and far end, and change the maximum TX power for the OU.
The configuration of the MetroHopper radio hop can also be changed. MetroHopper hop
settings are more limited than the FlexiHopper (Plus) hop settings and consist of the hop
ID, transmission channel, and interleave status settings.
Note that changing the radio hop settings is a complex process and you must ensure
that the hop is restored to a working condition after changing the settings.

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