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# Mathematics

Q1: Which law states that the rate at which an object cools is proportional to the
temperature difference between the object and its surroundings, provided that the
temperature difference is not too large
A1:

Q2:

## A rectangular page is to contain 24 square inches of print. The margins at the

top and bottom of the page are to be 1.5 inches, and the margins on the left
and right are to be 1 inch. What should the dimensions of the page be so that
the least amount of paper is used?

A2:

9 in x 6 in

Solution:

A = (x+3)(y+2) and xy = 24
A = (x+3)(24/x + 2) = 30 +2x + (72/x)
dA/dx = 2 (72/x2) = 0
x=6
y = 24/6 = 4
(6+3) in x (4+2) in
9 in x 6 in

## Reference: Calculus by Larson p. 257

Q3:

Find the arc length of the graph of y = (x 3/6) + (1/2x) on the interval [0.5 , 2]

A3:

33/16

Solution:

[ ( )]

dy 3 x2
1
1
=

=0.5 x2 2
2
dx
6
2x
x

( )( )

1
)
2
x
0.5( )

1+

2
2
dy
1+
=
dx
0.5
x 2(

S=

0.5

( )

## Reference: Calculus by Larson p. 531

Q4:

The German mathematician who attributed the modern definition of the term
function in Calculus

A4:

Peter Dirichlet

## Reference: Calculus by Larson p. 71

Q5: Find the equation of sphere that has the points (5, -2, 3) and (0, 4, -3) as
endpoints of a diameter
2

A5:

5 (
2
97
+ y1 ) + z 2=
2
4

( )
x

Solution:

5
=( , 1, 0 )
( 5+02 , 2+2 4 , 33
)
2
2
r=

5 2
97
+ ( 41 )2+ (30 )2=
2
2

5 2 (
2
97
+ y1 ) + z 2=
2
4

( )
x

*Midpoint Formula

*Distance Formula

*Equation of Sphere

## Reference: Calculus by Larson p. 832

Q6:

A 20-foot chain weighing 5 pounds per foot is lying coiled on the ground. How
much work is required to raise one end of the chain to a height of 20 feet so
that it is fully extended?

A6:

1000 ft.lb
20

Solution:

W=

5 ydy=1000 ft . lb

0.05

## Reference: Calculus by Larson p. 545

Q7:

The odds that A can solve a given problem are 5 to 7, and the odds that B
can solve it are 3 to 6. Find the probability that either A and B can solve the
problem.

A7:

Solution:

## Odd A = 5/7; PA = 5/5+7 = 5/12

Odd B = 3/6 ; PB = 3/6+3 = 3/9
P(AorB) = 5/12 + 3/9 = 3/4

## Reference: Engineering Mathematics by Banzuelo p. 220

Q8:

The dihedral angle of a spherical wedge is 40, find the volume in cm 3 if its
diameter is 7 cm.

A8:

19.95 cm3

Solution:

2
2 7
V = R3 =
3
3 2

=19.95 c m
( ) ( 40
180 )

Q9:

A9:

2 j1.0246

Solution:

log j (5 )=

## log (5 ) log ( 5 )+ log (1 ) log (5 )+ log ( e j )

=
=
j
log ( j )
log ( j )
log e 2

( )

= 2 j1.0246
Reference: Engineering Mathematics by Banzuelo p. 608

e x , e2 x e 3 x

## Q10: Find the Wronskian function of

A10: 2 e 6 x

Solution:

ex e2 x
e3 x
detA =det e x 2 e 2 x 3 e3 x =2 e 6 x
e x 4 e2 x 9 e 3 x

## Prepared by: Jeremy Lorenzo T. Virata

ESAT

Q1:

In Fiber Optics, what type of light source the use organic dyes enclosed in
glass tube for an active medium?

A1:

Liquid Laser

Q2:

A2:

Q3:

## It refers to a network connection used to carry traffic to and from LANs

located in various buildings on campus

A3:

Campus backbone

Q4:

## A type of bend that occurs as a result of differences in the thermal

contraction rates between the core and the cladding material of an optical
fiber.

A4:

Microbending

Q5:

## It is a form of AM modulation in which the carrier and one complete sideband

are transmitted, but only part of the second sideband is transmitted.

A5:

## Reference: Electronic Communication Systems by Tomasi p.217

Q6:

It is a name given to the area between the ceiling and the roof in a singlestory building or between the ceiling and the floor of the next higher level in
a multistory building.

A6:

Plenum

Q7:

## Determine the physical length for a quarter wavelength transformer that is

used to match a section of RG-8A/U to a 150 resistive load. The frequency of
operation is 150 MHz.

A7:

0.5 m
8

Solution:

c
3 1 0 m/s
= =
=0.5 m
4 4 f 4 150 MHz

Q8:

## It refers to the overall intensity of illumination which determines background

level in the reproduced image

A8:

Brightness

Q9:

A9:

## Reference: Electronic Communication Systems by Tomasi p.516

Q10: The simplest form of tuned-circuit frequency discriminator
A10: Slope Detector
Reference: Electronic Communication Systems by Tomasi p.310
Q11: Actual user information conveyed through the satellite system
A11: Payload
Reference: Communications Engineering Reviewer by Balbin p. 247
Q12: What is the speed of sound if the temperature is 45C?
A12: 362.82 m/s
Solution:

## v =331.45+0.697 ( T ) =331.45+0.697 ( 45 )=362.82 m/ s

Q13: It is the tendency for the sound to persist over a definite period of time after
it has been produced originally and stopped at the sources.
A13: Reverberation
Reference: Communications Engineering Reviewer by Balbin p. 247

## Prepared by: Jeremy Lorenzo T. Virata

Q14: What is the grade of service if there are 5 trunks used considering traffic of
4.52 erlang?
A14: 0.2
Solution:

GOS=

Q15: What do you call the farthest point in an orbit of planet Mars?
A15: Apoareion
Reference: Electronic Systems and Technologies by Allado and Tuvida p. 326
Q16: A non-inductive power resistor used to simulate an antenna
A16: Dummy / Dummy Load
Reference: Electronic Systems and Technologies by Allado and Tuvida p. 108
Q17: It refers to the changing of the time order of digital information before
transmission to reduce the effect of burst errors in the channel.
A17: Interleaving

Q18: A silica fiber has measured losses of 2dB/km at 0.9mm. If a total fiber loss of
25dB can be tolerated in a single sink, determine the appropriate repeater
spacing
A18: 12.5 km
Solution:

Z=

Amax
25 dB
=
=12.5 km
A
2 dB /km

Q19: Determine the gain of a 6ft. parabolic dish operating at 1800 MHz
A19: 28.59dB

Solution:

G(db) =

[ ( )]

10 log 6

[(

=10 log 6

6
9.84 108
1800 106

)]
2

= 28.59dB

## Q20: Refers to unwanted sum

intermodulation distortion

and

difference

frequencies

generated

by

## A20: Cross products

Reference: Electronic Communication Systems by Tomasi p.27