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Nectar of Instruction (Upademta) Verse 9

TableofContents
Text 9 .................................................................................................................................................... 2
I. The progression ........................................................................................................................ 2
A.

The spiritual world is greater than the material world .............................................. 2

B.

Mathur is greater than the spiritual world ................................................................. 2

C.

Vndvana (Dvdaa-vana) is greater than Mathur................................................. 2

D.

Govardhana is greater than Vndvana ....................................................................... 2

E.

Rdh-kua is greater than Govardhana ................................................................... 3

II.

Other notes ........................................................................................................................... 3

III.

Lord Caitanya resurrects Rdh-kua ........................................................................... 3

IV.

The appearance of Rdh-kua (from SB 10.36.16 purport) ....................................... 6

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Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Text 9
vaikuhj janito var madhu-pur tatrpi rsotsavd
vndrayam udra-pi-ramat tatrpi govardhana
rdh-kuam ihpi gokula-pate premmtplvant
kuryd asya virjato giri-tae sev vivek na ka
The holy place known as Mathur is spiritually superior to Vaikuha, the transcendental
world, because the Lord appeared there. Superior to MathurPur is the transcendental
forest of Vndvana because of Ka's rsa-ll pastimes. And superior to the forest of
Vndvana is Govardhana Hill, for it was raised by the divine hand of r Ka and was
the site of His various loving pastimes. And, above all, the superexcellent r Rdh-kua
stands supreme, for it is overflooded with the ambrosial nectarean prema of the Lord of
Gokula, r Ka. Where, then, is that intelligent Person who is unwilling to serve this
divine Rdh-kua, which is situated at the foot of Govardhana Hill?

I.

The progression
A.

The spiritual world is greater than the material world

The spiritual world is three fourths of the total creation of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, and it is the most exalted region. (NOI 9)
B.

Mathur is greater than the spiritual world

Comment [JH1]:
pThis is because the spiritual world is threefourths the creation whereas the material world
is only one fourth
Comment [JH2]:
pBecause Ka took birth here

The spiritual world is naturally superior to the material world; however, Mathur and the
adjoining areas, although appearing in the material world, are considered superior to the
spiritual world because the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself appeared at Mathur.
(NOI 9)
C.

Vndvana (Dvdaa-vana) is greater than Mathur

Comment [JH3]:
pBecause of Kas pastimes

The interior forests of Vndvana are considered superior to Mathur because of the
presence of the twelve forests (dvdaa-vana), such as Tlavana, Madhuvana and
Bahulvana, which are famous for the various pastimes of the Lord. (NOI 9)
Comment [JH4]:

D.

Govardhana is greater than Vndvana

Thus the interior Vndvana forest is considered superior to Mathur, but superior to these
forests is the divine Govardhana Hill because Ka lifted Govardhana Hill like an
umbrella, raising it with His lotuslike beautiful hand to protect His associates, the denizens
of Vraja, from the torrential rains sent by the angry Indra, King of the demigods. It is also at
Govardhana Hill that Ka tends the cows with His cowherd friends, and there also He
had His rendezvous with His most beloved r Rdh and engaged in loving pastimes with
Her. (NOI 9)
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Tuesday, June 29, 2010

pBecause of Kas lifting it


pBecause of Kas tending the cows
pBecause of Kas rendezvous with rmati
Rdhr

Nectar of Instruction (Upademta) Verse 9


E.

Comment [JH5]:
pBecause it is overflowing with prema.

Rdh-kua is greater than Govardhana

Rdh-kua, at the foot of Govardhana, is superior to all because it is there that love of
Ka overflows. (NOI 9)

II.

Other notes
1. Advanced devotees prefer to reside at Rdh-kua because this place is the site of
many memories of the eternal loving affairs between Ka and Rdhr (rativilsa). (NOI 9)
2. . rla Rpa Gosvm has given much stress to Rdh-kua because of r Caitanya
Mahprabhu's desire to find it. Who, then, would give up Rdh-kua and try to
reside elsewhere? No person with transcendental intelligence would do so. (NOI 9)
3. The importance of Rdh-kua, however, cannot be realized by other Vaiava
sampradyas, nor can persons uninterested in the devotional service of Lord
Caitanya Mahprabhu understand the spiritual importance and divine nature of
Rdh-kua. Thus Rdh-kua is mainly worshiped by the Gauya Vaiavas,
the followers of Lord r Ka Caitanya Mahprabhu. (NOI 9)
4. But our line is preachers.

III.

Lord Caitanya resurrects Rdh-kua

In Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll) it is stated that when r Caitanya Mahprabhu first


visited the area of Vrajabhmi, He could not at first find the location of Rdh-kua. This
means that r Caitanya Mahprabhu was actually searching for the exact location of
Rdh-kua. Finally He found the holy spot, and there was a small pond there. He took
His bath in that small pond and told His devotees that the actual Rdh-kua was situated
there. Later the pond was excavated by Lord Caitanya's devotees, headed first by the six
Gosvms, such as Rpa and Raghuntha dsa. Presently there is a large lake known as
Rdh-kua there. rla Rpa Gosvm has given much stress to Rdh-kua because of
r Caitanya Mahprabhu's desire to find it. Who, then, would give up Rdh-kua and
try to reside elsewhere? No person with transcendental intelligence would do so. (NOI 9)
vndvane sthira-carn
nandayan svvalokanai
tmna ca tad-lokd
gaurga parito bhramat
r Caitanya Mahprabhu traveled all over Vndvana and pleased all living entities, moving
and nonmoving, with His glances. The Lord took much personal pleasure in seeing everyone.
In this way Lord Gaurga traveled in Vndvana.
jaya jaya gauracandra jaya nitynanda
jaydvaita-candra jaya gaura-bhakta-vnda

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All glories to Lord Gauracandra! All glories to Nitynanda Prabhu! All glories to Advaita
Prabhu! And all glories to all the devotees of Lord Caitanya, headed by rvsa hkura!
ei-mata mahprabhu ncite ncite
ri-grme si bhya haila cambite
r Caitanya Mahprabhu danced in ecstasy, but when He arrived at ri-grma, His sense
perception was awakened.
ri-grma is also called Aria-grma. r Caitanya Mahprabhu understood that in that
village Arisura had been killed by r Ka. While there, He inquired about Rdhkua, but no one could tell Him where it was. The brhmaa accompanying Him could
also not ascertain its whereabouts. r Caitanya Mahprabhu could then understand that
the holy places known as Rdh-kua and yma-kua were at that time lost to
everyones vision. He therefore discovered Rdh-kua and yma-kua, which were two
reservoirs of water in two paddy fields. Although there was very little water, r Caitanya
Mahprabhu was omniscient and could understand that formerly these two ponds were
called r Rdh-kua and yma-kua. In this way Rdh-kua and yma-kua
were discovered.
rie rdh-kua-vrt puche loka-sthne
keha nhi kahe, sagera brhmaa n jne
r Caitanya Mahprabhu asked the local people, Where is Rdh-kua? No one could
inform Him, and the brhmaa accompanying Him did not know either.
trtha lupta jni prabhu sarvaja bhagavn
dui dhnya-ketre alpa-jale kail snna
The Lord then understood that the holy place called Rdh-kua was no longer visible.
However, being the omniscient Supreme Personality of Godhead, He discovered Rdhkua and yma-kua in two paddy fields. There was only a little water, but He took His
bath there.
dekhi saba grmya-lokera vismaya haila mana
preme prabhu kare rdh-kuera stavana
When the people of the village saw r Caitanya Mahprabhu taking His bath in those two
ponds in the middle of the paddy fields, they were very much astonished. The Lord then
offered His prayers to r Rdh-kua.
saba gop haite rdh kera preyas
taiche rdh-kua priya priyra saras
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Nectar of Instruction (Upademta) Verse 9


Of all the gops, Rdhr is the dearmost. Similarly, the lake known as Rdh-kua is
very dear to the Lord because it is very dear to rmat Rdhr.
yath rdh priy vios
tasy kua priya tath
sarva-gopu saivaik
vior atyanta-vallabh
Just as rmat Rdhr is most dear to Lord Ka, so Her lake, known as Rdhkua, is also very dear to Him. Of all the gops, rmat Rdhr is certainly the most
beloved.
This is a verse from the Padma Pura.
yei kue nitya ka rdhikra sage
jale jala-keli kare, tre rsa-rage
In that lake, Lord Ka and rmat Rdhr used to sport daily in the water and have a
rsa dance on the bank.
sei kue yei eka-bra kare snna
tre rdh-sama prema ka kare dna
Indeed, Lord Ka gives ecstatic love like that of rmat Rdhr to whoever bathes in
that lake even once in his life.
kuera mdhuryena rdhra madhurim
kuera mahimyena rdhra mahim
The attraction of Rdh-kua is as sweet as that of rmat Rdhr. Similarly, the
glories of the kua [lake] are as great as rmat Rdhrs.
r-rdheva hares tadya-saras prehdbhutai svair guair
yasy r-yuta-mdhavendur ania prty tay krati
premsmin bata rdhikeva labhate yasy sakt snna-kt
tasy vai mahim tath madhurim kenstu varya kitau
Because of its wonderful transcendental qualities, Rdh-kua is as dear to Ka as
rmat Rdhr. It was in that lake that the all-opulent Lord r Ka performed His
pastimes with rmat Rdhr with great pleasure and transcendental bliss. Whoever
bathes just once in Rdh-kua attains rmat Rdhrs loving attraction for r Ka.
Who within this world can describe the glories and sweetness of r Rdh-kua?
This verse is found in the Govinda-llmta (7.102).
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ei-mata stuti kare premvia ha


tre ntya kare kua-ll saariy
r Caitanya Mahprabhu thus offered prayers to Rdh-kua. Overwhelmed by ecstatic
love, He danced on the bank, remembering the pastimes Lord Ka performed on the bank
of Rdh-kua.
kuera mttik la tilaka karila
bhacrya-dvr mttik sage kari laila
r Caitanya Mahprabhu then marked His body with tilaka made from the mud of Rdhkua, and with the help of Balabhadra Bhacrya, He collected some of the mud and took
it with Him.
tabe cali il prabhu sumana-sarovara
th govardhana dekhi ha-il vihvala
SYNONYMS
From Rdh-kua, r Caitanya Mahprabhu went to Sumanas Lake. When He saw
Govardhana Hill from there, He was overwhelmed with joy. (CC 2.18.1-15)

IV.

The appearance of Rdh-kua (from SB 10.36.16 purport)

From the Puras, rla Vivantha Cakravart hkura has quoted twenty verses
describing a joking conversation between Rdh and Ka that took place after Ka had
killed the demon Aria. This conversation, so kindly quoted by the crya, describes the
origin of Rdh-kua and yma-kua, Rdhs and Kas bathing ponds. The verses
are as follows:
msmn spdya vabhrdana hanta mugdh
ghoro suro yam ayi ka tad apy aya gau
vtro yath dvija ihsty ayi nikti ki
udhyed bhavs tri-bhuvana-sthita-trtha-kcchrt
The innocent young gops said, Ah, Ka, dont touch us now, O killer of a bull! Alas, even
though Aria was a terrible demon, still he was a male cow, so You will have to undergo
atonement, just as Lord Indra did after killing Vtrsura. But how can You purify Yourself
without going to the trouble of visiting every single holy place in the three worlds?
ki paryami bhuvanny adhunaiva sarv
nya trtha-vitat karavi tsu
snna vilokayata tvad ida mukunda
procyaiva tatra ktavn bata pri-ghtam

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Nectar of Instruction (Upademta) Verse 9


[Ka replied,] Why should I have to wander throughout the entire universe? I will at once
bring all the countless pilgrimage places here and take My bath in them. Just watch! With
this, Lord Mukunda struck His heel on the ground.
ptlato jalam ida kila bhogavaty
ytam atra nikhil api trtha-sagh
gacchateti bhagavad-vacas ta etya
tatraiva rejur atha ka uvca gop
[Then He said,] This is the water of the Bhogavat River, coming from the Ptla region.
And now, O holy places, all of you please come here! When the Supreme Lord had spoken
these words, all the holy places went there and appeared before Him. Ka then addressed
the gops as follows.
trthni payata harer vacas tavaiva
naiva pratma iti t atha trtha-vary
procu ktjali-pu lavabdhir asmi
krbdhir asmi utmara-drghiksmi
See all the holy places!
But the gops replied, We dont see them as You describe.
Then those best of holy places, joining their palms in supplication, spoke up:
I am the salt ocean.
I am the ocean of milk.
I am the Amara-drghik.
oo pi sindhur aham asmi bhavmi tmrapar ca pukaram aha ca sarasvat ca
godvar ravi-sut sarayu praygo
revsmi payata jala kuruta prattim
I am the river oa.
I am the Sindhu.
I am the Tmrapar.
I am the holy place Pukara.
I am the river Sarasvat.
And we are the Godvar, Yamun and Rev rivers and the confluence of rivers at
Prayga. Just see our waters!
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sntv tato harir ati-prajagalbha eva


uddha saro py akarava sthita-sarva-trtham
yumbhir tma-januha kto na dharma
ko pi kitv atha sakhr nijagda rdh
After purifying Himself by bathing, Lord Hari became quite arrogant and said, I have
produced a pond containing all the various holy places, whereas you gops must never have
executed any religious duties on this earth for the pleasure of Lord Brahm. Then rmat
Rdhr addressed Her girlfriends as follows.
krya maypy ati-manohara-kuam eka
tasmd yatadhvam iti tad-vacanena tbhi
r-ka-kua-taa-pacima-diya-mando
garta kto vabha-daitya-khurair vyaloki
I must create an even more beautiful pond. So go to work! Having heard these words, the
gops saw that Arisuras hooves had dug a shallow ditch just west of r Kas pond.
tatrrdra-mn-mdula-gola-tat prati-svahastoddht anati-dra-gat vidhya
divya sara prakaita ghaik-dvayena
tbhir vilokya sarasa smarate sma ka
At that nearby spot, all the gops began digging up lumps of soft mud with their hands, and
in this way a divine pond manifested in the short span of an hour. Ka was astonished to
see the lake they produced.
proce ca trtha-salilai pariprayaitan
mat-kuata sarasijki sahlibhis tvam
rdh tad na na na neti jagda yasmt
tvat-kua-nram uru-go-vadha-ptakktam
He said, Go ahead, lotus-eyed one. You and Your companions should fill this pond with
water from Mine.
But Rdh replied, No, no, no, no! This is impossible, since the water of Your pond is
contaminated by Your terrible sin of killing a cow.
htya puya-salila atsva-koi-kumbhai
sakhy-arbudena saha mnasa-jhnavta
etat sara sva-madhun paripraymi
tenaiva krtim atul tanavni loke
I will have My countless gop companions bring the pure water of the Mnasa-gag here
in billions of pots. In this way I will fill this lake with My own water and thus make its
renown unequaled in the entire world.
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Nectar of Instruction (Upademta) Verse 9


sakhyas tadya-saraso dhta-divya-mrti
tuva tatra vabhnu-sut praamya
bhakty ktjali-pua sravad-asra-dhra
Lord Ka then gestured to a heavenly personality who was an intimate associate of all the
holy places. Suddenly that person rose up out of Kas pond and bowed down to the
daughter of r Vabhnu [Rdhr]. Then, with palms joined and tears pouring from his
eyes, he began praying to Her in devotion.
devi tvadya-mahimnam avaiti sarva
strrtha-vin na ca vidhir na haro na lakm
kintv eka eva pururtha-iromais tvatprasveda-mrjana-para svayam eva ka
O goddess, even Lord Brahm himself, the knower of all scriptures, cannot understand
Your glories, nor can Lord iva or Lakm. Only Ka, the supreme goal of all human
endeavor, can understand them, and thus He feels obliged to personally make sure that You
can wash away Your perspiration when You are fatigued.
ya cru-yvaka-rasena bhavat-padbjam
rajya npuram aho nidadhti nityam
prpya tvadya-nayanbja-taa-prasda
sva manyate parama-dhanyatama prahyan
tasyjayaiva sahas vayam jagma
tat-pri-gha-kta-kua-vare vasma
tva cet prasdasi karoi kp-kaka
tarhy eva tara-viap phalito bhaven na
He is always anointing Your lotus feet with nectarean cru and yvaka and decorating them
with ankle bells, and He rejoices and feels most fortunate simply by satisfying the tips of the
toes of Your lotus feet. On His order we have immediately come here to live in this most
excellent pond, which He created by one stroke of His heel. But only if You now feel satisfied
with us and bestow upon us Your merciful glance will the tree of our desire bear fruit.
rutv stuti nikhila-trtha-gaasya tu
prha sma taram ayi vedayateti rdh
yma tvadya-saras sa-phal bhavma
ity eva no vara iti prakaa tadocu
Hearing this prayer spoken by the representative of the full assembly of holy places, r
Rdh was pleased and said, So, kindly tell Me your desire.
They then told Her plainly, Our lives would be successful if we could come to Your pond.
That is the benediction we desire.
gacchateti vabhnu-sut smitsy
provca knta-vadanbja-dhtki-ko
sakhyo pi tatra kta-sammataya sukhbdhau
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magn virejur akhil sthira-jagam ca


Glancing at Her beloved from the corners of Her eyes, the daughter of Vabhnu replied
with a smile, Please come. Her gop companions all agreed with Her decision and became
immersed in the ocean of happiness. Indeed, the beauty of all creatures, both mobile and
stationary, was enhanced.
prpya prasdam atha te vabhnujy
r-ka-kua-gata-trtha-var prasahya
bhittveva bhittim ati-vegata eva rdhkua vyadhu sva-salilai paripram eva
Thus gaining the grace of rmat Rdhr, the holy rivers and lakes in r Ka-kua
forcibly broke through its boundary walls and swiftly filled Rdh-kua with their waters.
proce hari priyatame tava kuam etan
mat-kuato pi mahimdhikam astu loke
atraiva me salila-kelir ihaiva nitya
snna yath tvam asi tadvad ida saro me
Lord Hari then said, My dear Rdh, may this pond of Yours become even more worldrenowned than Mine. I will always come here to bathe and to enjoy My water pastimes.
Indeed, this lake is as dear to Me as You are.
rdhbravd aham api sva-sakhbhir etya
snsymy aria-ata-mardanam astu tasya
yo ria-mardana-sarasy uru-bhaktir atra
snyd vasen mama sa eva mah-priyo stu
Rdh replied, I will come to bathe in Your pond as well, even though You may kill
hundreds of Aria demons here. In the future, anyone who has intense devotion for this lake,
which is on the spot where You chastised Arisura, and who bathes or resides here is sure
to become very dear to Me.
rsotsava prakurute sma ca tatra rtrau
kmbuda kta-mah-rasa-hara-vara
r-rdhik-pravara-vidyud alakta-rs
trailokya-madhya-vitat-kta-divya-krti
That night Lord Ka initiated a rsa dance at Rdh-kua, generating a torrent of the
greatest mood of splendorous pleasure. r Ka resembled a cloud, and rmat Rdhr
a brilliant flash of lightning filling the sky with abundant beauty. In this way Their divine
glories permeated the expanses of the three worlds.

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