You are on page 1of 126

Resettlement Planning Document

Resettlement Plan
Document Stage: Draft Final (before appraisal)
Project Number: 42016
January 2010

PRC: Qinghai Rural Water Resources


Management Project

Resettlement Plan for the


Gongboxia Irrigation Scheme

Prepared by the Qinghai Provincial Office of Foreign-funded Water Resources Development


Projects.

The resettlement plan is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily
represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.
Resettlement Plan
for the Gongboxia Irrigation
Scheme

Qinghai Provincial Office of Foreign-funded


Water Resources Development Projects
September 2009
Abbreviations

ADB - Asian Development Bank


FGD - Focus Group Discussion
EMDP - Ethnic Minority Development Plan
PMO - Project Management Office
PRC - People’s Republic of China
QPG - Qinghai Provincial Government
QPWRD - Qinghai Provincial Water Resources Department
WRD - Water Resources Department
WUA - Water User Association

Units

Currency unit = Yuan (RMB)


1.00 yuan = $0.15
1 hectare = 15 mu
1 jin = 0.5 kg
Letter of Commitment
Through the Ministry of Finance of the People’s Republic of China, the Qinghai
Provincial Government (QPG) has applied for a loan from ADB to finance the
Gongboxia Irrigation Canal Project. Therefore, it must be implemented in compliance
with the guidelines and policies of ADB on social safeguards. This Resettlement Plan
is in line with a key requirement of ADB and will constitute the basis for land
acquisition, house demolition and resettlement of this project. This Plan also
complies with the laws of the People’s Republic of China and local regulations. Some
additional measures and the arrangements for implementation and monitoring for the
purpose of achieving better resettlement results are also set out in this Resettlement
Plan.

QPG hereby approves the contents of this Resettlement Plan and guarantees
that funds will be made available as stipulated in the budget. QPG has discussed the
draft Resettlement Plan with relevant units that have confirmed their acceptance
through the Qinghai Provincial Water Resources Department (QPWRD) and the local
governments, and authorizes the Qinghai Project Management Office for ADB
Financed Projects as the responsible agency to generally manage the
implementation of this project and relevant resettlement activities, and the local
governments of the affected areas to be responsible for the implementation of this
project and related resettlement activities within the respective jurisdictions.

Agency Signature Date


QPWRD
Xunhua County
People’s Government
Hualong County
People’s Government

5
Executive Summary
1. Background
The Gongboxia Irrigation Canal Project is one of the subprojects of the Qinghai
Rural Water Resources Management Project financed by ADB. This subproject will
improve an irrigation area of 78,800 mu, expand the existing irrigation area by 30,095
mu, solve such problems as nature-dependent water supply, and excessively high
pumping irrigation electricity costs, increase the vegetation coverage ratio of barren
lands and slopes, reduce the area of water loss and soil erosion, improve the
ecological environment of the irrigated areas, and increase the gross cultivated area
and output of crops in the irrigated areas.
This subproject is divided into the Gongboxia south and north irrigation canals.
The areas affected by land acquisition and house demolition of the south canal cover
7 villages in Chahandusi Xiang, 4 villages in Jiezi Town, 2 villages in Jishi Town and
the Gongboxia hydroelectric station; the areas affected by land acquisition and house
demolition of the north canal cover 11 villages in Gandu Town and 1 village in
Jinyuan Xiang, Hualong County; this subproject affects 36 villages in 5 towns/xiangs
in total.
This subproject will commence in 2010 and be completed in 2013, and the
implementation plan for land acquisition, house demolition, compensation and
resettlement will be implemented from March 2010, and completed by December
2013.
The estimated resettlement expenses of this subproject are 5.12 million yuan,
including basic expenses for land acquisition (occupation) and house demolition,
relevant taxes and unexpected expenses, accounting for 0.70% of the whole project
budget.
2. Impacts of this subproject
The main impacts of this subproject are permanent land acquisition, temporary
land occupation and demolition of residential houses. Resettlement for this
subproject will affect a population of 1,901 in 384 households, all of which are ethnic
minorities, including 1,027 Salar people in 219 households and 874 Hui people in
165 households.
671.50 mu of land will be acquired for the trunk canals permanently, including
36.49 mu of arable land, 1.65 mu of garden, 9.51 mu of woodland, 2.73 mu of
housing sites, 8.52 mu of other land for construction1 and 612.60 mu of unused land2.
Land acquisition for the trunk canals will affect a population of 783 in 157
households.
The branch canals will occupy 155.76 mu of land, including 53.99 mu of arable
land, 2.80 mu of woodland, 2.28 mu of flood land and 96.69 mu of barren land,
affecting a population of 1,118 in 227 households.
Temporarily occupied land area will be 91.97 mu, including 20.80 mu of flood
land and 71.17 mu of barren land.

1
Other land for construction includes other farmland, settlements, independent industrial and
mining land, land for transportation and water conservancy.
2
Unused land includes barren grassland, bare land, shoals and river surfaces.

1
The demolition of rural residential houses designed for this subproject will be
caused by the construction of the south trunk canal only, involving 27 people in 3
households and a house area of 815.61 m2. All affected people are Salar people.
This subproject will also affect some ground attachments, including enclosures,
trees, toilets, etc.
3. Policy framework and entitlements
To avoid or minimize the negative impacts of land acquisition, the affected
villager teams and displaced persons have been consulted on the selection of the
relocation sites at the feasibility study stage, and the optimum option has been
chosen through comparative selection.
This Resettlement Plan has been formulated in accordance with the Land
Management Law of the People’s Republic of China (2004), the Decision of the State
Council on Deepening Reform and Exercising Strict Land Management (Guo Fa
[2004] No.28), the applicable policies of Qinghai Province, and ADB’s Involuntary
Resettlement Policy (1995) and Indigenous Peoples Policy (1998). The resettlement
principles of this subproject are as follows based on the above policies and through
consultation with the local governments and the affected people: (1) Involuntary
resettlement should be avoided where feasible; (2) The affected people (including
ethnic minority population) are granted compensation and rights that can at least
maintain or even improve their livelihoods; (3) The affected people are given
compensation and assistance in resettlement whether legal title is available or not;
(4) If the land available to everyone is insufficient to maintain his/her livelihood,
replacement in cash or in kind and other income-generating activities are provided for
the lost land; (5) Ethnic minorities are encouraged to participate in the preparation
and implementation of the resettlement plan, and measures for house rebuilding and
income restoration are designed in a way that is culturally appropriate for ethnic
minorities; (6) The affected people fully understand their entitlements, the method
and standard of compensation, the livelihood and income restoration plan, and the
project schedule, and agree to participate in the implementation of the resettlement
plan; (7) No land should be acquired before the affected people are satisfied with the
compensation and resettlement measures; (8) The executing agency and an
independent agency / third party will monitor the compensation, relocation and
resettlement operations; (9) The vulnerable groups (including women) are provided
special assistance or treatment so that they lead a better life, and all affected people
should have an opportunity to benefit from the project; (10) The resettlement plan is
consistent with the master plans of the affected counties and towns; and (11) The
resettlement expenses are sufficient to cover all affected aspects, or will be increased
to cover unexpected costs.
4. Compensation standards and restoration measures
The compensation for resettlement of this subproject is based mainly on the
Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Guidelines on
Improving Compensation and Resettlement Systems for Land Acquisition, the
Procedures of Qinghai Province on the Implementation of the Land Management
Law of the People’s Republic of China and the Interim Standards of Qinghai Province
for the Compensation for Land Acquired for Construction of Large and Medium
Hydroelectric Stations in the Upper Yellow River and other applicable policies and

2
regulations. For permanent land acquisition, compensation shall include land
compensation fees, resettlement subsidy and crop compensation fees. The
compensation standards of the counties affected by land acquisition—Xunhua and
Hualong—are the same. The average annual output value of arable land (irrigated
land, abandoned land), gardens and housing sites in the past 3 years is 1,040
yuan/mu, the compensation multiple3 is 21, dry land shall be compensated at an
output value of 680 yuan/mu and a compensation multiple of 21, woodland at 1,040
yuan/mu and a compensation multiple of 7, other land for construction at 1,040
yuan/mu and a compensation multiple of 2, and barren and flood land at 110
yuan/mu and a compensation multiple of 9.
The existing canal land will be used for branch canal construction where
possible4; if new rural collective land is to be occupied for branch canal construction,
the compensation standard shall be the same as that for land acquisition for the trunk
canals.
The compensation standards for temporary land occupation of Xunhua and
Hualong Counties are the same, being: 1,040 yuan/mu-year for occupation of arable
land (irrigated land, abandoned land), gardens, woodland and vegetable plots, 110
yuan/mu-year for occupation of barren and flood land, and 1,040 yuan/mu-year for
occupation of housing sites and other land for construction. Temporarily occupied
land shall be compensated for based on the actual period of occupation. In addition,
the reclamation fee for temporarily occupied land is 2,600 yuan/mu.
The compensation standards for demolition of residential houses of Xunhua and
Hualong Counties are the same, consisting of house and other compensation fees,
being: reinforced concrete structure: 676 yuan/m2, masonry-concrete structure: 487
yuan/m2, masonry-timber structure: 416 yuan/m2, earth-timber structure: 392
yuan/m2, other structure: 392 yuan/m2, moving subsidy: 1500 yuan/household, and
living allowance for transition period: 800 yuan/household.
The income restoration measures for the displaced persons include land
replacement, cash compensation, provision of technical training and priority in
employment, etc. Since permanent land acquisition is caused by canal construction
mainly, the impacts of this subproject are in a linear form. Based on statistical
analysis, land acquisition for this subproject has little impact on the regular
agricultural production of farming households. It has been determined in consultation
with the affected people that the land compensation that: (1) For farming households
accepting cash compensation, land compensation fees, resettlement subsidy and
crop compensation fees will be paid directly to the affected farming households,
which will use the compensation fees for land improvement and the expanded
reproduction of household sidelines; (2) Those accepting land replacement will
acquire a newly reclaimed plot of the same area. Before house demolition, their
housing sites will be allocated by the village collective in a unified manner or adjusted
as they wish for rebuilding. Housing sites will be offered free of charge.
The Qinghai PMO, and the Xunhua County and Hualong County PMOs will give
skills training to the labor force of the affected households (in which at least 50% of
trainees will be female) together with the labor and social security bureaus of the
3
Including crop compensation fees
4
No compensation will be granted if the existing canal land is used.

3
affected counties. In the meantime, a special fund will be set up to support the
vulnerable groups, totaling 155,000 yuan (5% of the basic resettlement expenses).
The Qinghai PMO will use this fund specifically to support the vulnerable groups
affected by this subproject together with the PMOs and civil affairs authorities of the
affected counties.
5. Public participation and information disclosure
All affected people have been informed of the key information of this
Resettlement Plan in many ways, such as meeting, interview, villager team
discussion, public participation meeting and community consultation, and involved in
this subproject through the above activities. Their opinions have been taken into
account in this Resettlement Plan. The resettlement information booklet or this
Resettlement Plan were distributed to the affected villages by the end of September
2009, and the draft Resettlement Plan will be posted on the ADB website in October
2009.
6. Complaints and appeals
An appeal procedure will be formulated to settle disputes over compensation
and other resettlement benefits for the purpose of responding to the affected people’s
complaints timely and transparently. Possible complaints may arise from the
acquisition of collective land, temporary land occupation and house demolition, etc.
In this respect, QPWRD, the water resources bureaus of all levels, and the affected
town governments and village committees will coordinate and settle complaints and
appeals possibly arising from the resettlement process. The displaced persons may
file an appeal for any aspect of resettlement, including compensation standards. All
agencies will accept complaints and appeals from the affected people free of charge,
and all costs reasonably incurred will be paid from the contingency expenses of this
subproject.
7. Organization
The QPWRD (governing the Qinghai Provincial Office of Foreign-funded Water
Resources Development Projects, hereinafter referred to as Qinghai PMO) is the
executing agency of this subproject, responsible for the preparation and
implementation of this subproject; the offices of foreign-funded water resources
development projects of the affected counties (county PMOs) are the implementing
agencies of this of this subproject; the county PMOs and town governments will be
responsible specifically for the implementation of this Resettlement Plan.
8. Monitoring, evaluation and reporting
To ensure the successful implementation of this Resettlement Plan, internal and
external monitoring of the implementation of resettlement will be performed in this
subproject. The internal monitoring agency of this subproject is the Qinghai PMO and
other competent authorities (land and resources bureau, etc.), which shall submit a
monitoring report to ADB biannually. The Qinghai PMO will entrust an independent
monitoring agency to perform external monitoring and evaluation annually. The
monitoring and evaluation expenses will be included in the estimate of resettlement
expenses.
9. Budget for resettlement expenses

4
All expenses incurred during land acquisition and resettlement will be included in
the general budget of this subproject. Based on prices of December 2008, the total
resettlement expenses of this subproject are 5.12 million yuan.

5
CONTENTS
1 OVERVIEW..........................................................................................................................................1
1.1 BACKGROUND......................................................................................................................................1
1.2 INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................................1
1.2.1 Impacts of land acquisition and house demolition..................................................................2
1.2.2 Socioeconomic benefits............................................................................................................4
1.2.3 Resettlement investment estimate and implementation plan....................................................4
1.3 REVIEW OF RESETTLEMENT OF THE GONGBOXIA HYDROELECTRIC STATION.....................................................4
2 AFFECTED AREAS AND SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE............................................................5
2.1 MEASURES TO AVOID OR MINIMIZE LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION..............................................5
2.1.1 Project design and site selection principles.............................................................................5
2.1.2 Comparative selection of options.............................................................................................5
2.2 RANGE OF SURVEY OF LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION IMPACTS...................................................6
2.3 SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE AFFECTED AREAS....................................................................................6
2.3.1 Socioeconomic profile of the affected region and counties......................................................6
2.3.2 Profile of the affected towns.....................................................................................................7
2.3.3 Profile of the affected administrative villages.........................................................................8
3 IMPACTS OF THIS SUBPROJECT................................................................................................11
3.1 IDENTIFICATION OF RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS............................................................................................11
3.2 ANALYSIS OF RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS....................................................................................................12
3.2.1 Permanent acquisition / additional occupation of collective land for the trunk canal and
impact analysis................................................................................................................................12
3.2.2 Temporary land occupation...................................................................................................21
3.2.3 Demolition of residential houses and impact analysis...........................................................22
3.2.4 Affected ground attachments..................................................................................................23
3.2.5 Affected population................................................................................................................23
THIS SUBPROJECT WILL AFFECT A TOTAL POPULATION OF 1,901 IN 384 HOUSEHOLDS, INCLUDING LAND ACQUISITION
AND HOUSE DEMOLITION FOR THE TRUNK CANALS AFFECTS A TOTAL POPULATION OF 783 IN 157 HOUSEHOLDS, AND
THE LAND OCCUPATION OF THE BRANCH CANALS A POPULATION OF 1,118 IN 227 HOUSEHOLDS, ALL FALLING INTO
ETHNIC MINORITIES, INCLUDING AND 1,027 SALAR PEOPLE IN 219 HOUSEHOLDS (ALL THE 3 AFFECTED HOUSEHOLDS
ARE SALAR HOUSEHOLDS) AND 874 HUI PEOPLE IN165 HOUSEHOLDS. SEE TABLE 3-12....................................23
3.3 AFFECTED POPULATION AND SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE...............................................................................24
3.3.1 Affected population................................................................................................................24
3.3.2 Sampling socioeconomic household survey...........................................................................24
3.4 ETHNIC MINORITIES.............................................................................................................................28
3.5 VULNERABLE GROUPS.........................................................................................................................29
3.6 IMPACTS ON WOMEN............................................................................................................................30
4 LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND POLICIES.......................................................................................32
4.1 LAWS, REGULATIONS AND POLICIES APPLICABLE TO RESETTLEMENT.............................................................32
4.2 ABSTRACT OF ADB'S INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT POLICY.....................................................................32
4.3 LAWS, REGULATIONS AND POLICIES OF THE PRC.....................................................................................34
4.4 MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ADB INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT POLICY AND LAWS OF THE PRC..............39
4.5 PRINCIPLES FOR COMPENSATION OF THIS SUBPROJECT................................................................................40
4.6 CUT-OFF DATE OF COMPENSATION.........................................................................................................41
4.7 DETERMINATION OF COMPENSATION STANDARDS FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS OF THIS SUBPROJECT..................41
4.7.1 Acquisition of collective land.................................................................................................41
4.7.2 Compensation for Temporary Land Occupation...................................................................44
4.7.3 Compensation for rural house demolition.............................................................................44
4.7.4 Compensation for attachments and infrastructure................................................................45
4.7.5 Standards for other costs.......................................................................................................45
4.7.6 Vulnerable groups..................................................................................................................46
4.7.7 Resettlement measures for women.........................................................................................46
4.7.8 Entitlement matrix..................................................................................................................47

1
5 RESETTLEMENT AND INCOME RESTORATION....................................................................51
5.1 PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES OF RESETTLEMENT...........................................................................................51
5.1.1 Purpose..................................................................................................................................51
5.1.2 Principles...............................................................................................................................51
5.2 RESETTLEMENT AND RESTORATION PLANS FOR AFFECTED VILLAGES.............................................................52
5.2.1 Summary of resettlement impacts and key restoration issues................................................52
5.2.2 Restoration measures for permanently acquired or occupied land.......................................53
5.2.3 Resettlement measures for demolished residential houses...................................................54
5.2.5 Restoration plan for temporarily occupied land...................................................................56
5.3 RESETTLEMENT LIVELIHOOD TRAINING...................................................................................................57
5.4 PROTECTION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS....................................................................................57
5.5 PROTECTION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES’ RIGHTS AND INTERESTS......................................................................58
5.6 ASSISTANCE MEASURES FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS....................................................................................59
5.6.1 Assistance measures for disabled, five-guarantee and female-headed households...............59
5.6.2 Assistance measures for low-income or poor households.....................................................59
5.7 RESTORATION PLAN FOR INFRASTRUCTURE..............................................................................................59
6 RESETTLEMENT ORGANIZATION.............................................................................................61
6.1 MANAGEMENT AGENCIES FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION.................................................................61
6.1.1 Organizational setup..............................................................................................................61
6.1.2 Responsibilities of agencies...................................................................................................61
6.2 STAFFING AND FACILITIES.....................................................................................................................63
6.2.1 Staffing...................................................................................................................................63
6.2.2 Facilities................................................................................................................................64
6.2.3 Institutional training program...............................................................................................64
7 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS......................................................66
7.1 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION.........................................................................................................................66
7.1.1 Participation at the preparation stage...................................................................................66
7.1.2 Participation plan for the implementation stage...................................................................67
7.2 COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS..................................................................................................................68
8 RESETTLEMENT BUDGET............................................................................................................69
8.1 RESETTLEMENT BUDGET......................................................................................................................69
8.2 RESETTLEMENT INVESTMENT PLAN AND SOURCES OF FUNDS.......................................................................70
8.3 MANAGEMENT AND DISBURSEMENT OF RESETTLEMENT FUNDS....................................................................70
9 RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN...........................................................................71
9.1 PRINCIPLES FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION....................................................................................71
9.2 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE.................................................................................................................71
10 MONITORING AND EVALUATION............................................................................................73
10.1 INTERNAL MONITORING AND SUPERVISION.............................................................................................73
10.2 EXTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION............................................................................................74
10.2.1 Scope and methods of external monitoring..........................................................................74
10.2.2 Post-resettlement evaluation................................................................................................75
10.2.3 External monitoring reporting.............................................................................................75
11 APPENDIXES....................................................................................................................................76
APPENDIX 1 SCHEMATIC MAP OF THIS SUBPROJECT......................................................................................76
APPENDIX 2 RESETTLEMENT DUE DILIGENCE REPORT OF THE GONGBOXIA HYDROELECTRIC STATION.................77
APPENDIX 3 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND MAIN POINTS DISCUSSED................................................................88
APPENDIX 4 CALCULATION FORM OF RESETTLEMENT INVESTMENT.................................................................90
APPENDIX 5 EXTERNAL MONITORING TOR................................................................................................93
APPENDIX 6 RESETTLEMENT INFORMATION BOOKLET ..................................................................................96
1. OVERVIEW.........................................................................................................................................1
2. IMPACTS OF LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION..........................................2

2
3. LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND POLICIES........................................................................................4
4. RESETTLEMENT ORGANIZATION..............................................................................................8
5. COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS........................................................................................................8
6. RESETTLEMENT BUDGET.............................................................................................................9
7. RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN............................................................................9

3
List of Tables
TABLE 1-1 ENGINEERING OVERVIEW OF THIS SUBPROJECT..............................................2
TABLE 1-2 SUMMARY OF KEY RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS.....................................................3
THE OPTION OF THIS SUBPROJECT WAS DETERMINED AT THE FEASIBILITY STUDY
STAGE. A PRELIMINARY ROUTE SELECTION AND COMPARISON WAS MADE ON A
1:10,000 TOPOGRAPHIC MAP ON THE BASIS OF LOWER INVESTMENT, HIGHER
SAFETY, FEWER BUILDINGS, SHORTER HOLE LINES, AND LOWER WATER HEAD
LOSS, LAND OCCUPATION AND DEMOLITION. DURING THE FIELD EXPLORATORY
SURVEY, THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF CONSTRUCTION, ESPECIALLY THE NUMBER
OF DISPLACED PERSONS, HAVE BEEN MINIMIZED BY MAKING FIELD
INVESTIGATION OF THE AFFECTED AREAS REPEATEDLY AND OPTIMIZING THE
PROJECT DESIGN ON THE PRECONDITION OF REALIZING THE INTENDED RESULTS,
AS SHOWN IN TABLE 2-3....................................................................................................................5
TABLE 3-4 LAND ACQUIRED BY THE GONGBOXIA TRUNK CANAL - BY
ADMINISTRATIVE VILLAGE...........................................................................................................13
TABLE 3-5 IMPACTS OF LAND OCCUPATION FOR BRANCH CANALS...............................16
TABLE 4-6 PRINCIPLES FOR RESETTLEMENT OF THIS SUBPROJECT.............................40
TABLE 4-7 COMPENSATION MULTIPLES AND STANDARDS FOR COLLECTIVE LAND
ACQUISITION - BY COUNTY...........................................................................................................43
TABLE 4-8 COMPENSATION STANDARDS FOR TEMPORARY LAND OCCUPATION.......44
TABLE 4-9 COMPENSATION STANDARDS FOR RURAL RESIDENTIAL HOUSES AND
ATTACHMENTS...................................................................................................................................45
TABLE 4-10 COMPENSATION STANDARDS FOR ATTACHMENTS AND
INFRASTRUCTURE............................................................................................................................45
TABLE 4-11 TAX STANDARDS FOR RESETTLEMENT OF THIS SUBPROJECT..................45
TABLE 4-12 ENTITLEMENT MATRIX............................................................................................48
TABLE 5-13 TECHNICAL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR DISPLACED PERSONS...................57
TABLE 6-14 STAFFING OF RESETTLEMENT AGENCIES.........................................................64
TABLE 6-15 RESETTLEMENT TRAINING SCHEDULE..............................................................64
TABLE 7-16 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AT THE PREPARATION STAGE................................66
TABLE 7-17 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROGRAM OF THIS SUBPROJECT.........................67
TABLE 8-18 BUDGET OF RESETTLEMENT EXPENSES............................................................69
TABLE 8-19 RESETTLEMENT INVESTMENT PLAN OF THIS SUBPROJECT......................70
TABLE 9-20 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE OF RESETTLEMENT......................................71
TABLE 10-21 PROGRESS REPORT OF LAND ACQUISITION, HOUSE DEMOLITION AND
RESETTLEMENT.................................................................................................................................73
TABLE 10-22 SCHEDULE OF FUND USE........................................................................................74
TABLE 10-23 SCHEDULE OF RESETTLEMENT MONITORING AND EVALUATION.........75
TABLE 1-24 ENGINEERING OVERVIEW OF THIS SUBPROJECT............................................1
TABLE 2-25 SUMMARY OF KEY RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS...................................................3
TABLE 3-26 ENTITLEMENT MATRIX..............................................................................................5
TABLE 6-27 BUDGET OF RESETTLEMENT EXPENSES..............................................................9
TABLE 7-28 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE OF RESETTLEMENT......................................10

1
List of Figures
FIGURE 3-1 AGE DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURE OF THE SAMPLE.........................................24
FIGURE 3-2 ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURE OF THE SAMPLE.................................25
FIGURE 3-3 EDUCATION DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURE OF THE SAMPLE.........................25
FIGURE 3-4 HOUSE AND “COURTYARD ECONOMY” WITH ETHNIC
CHARACTERISTICS...........................................................................................................................26

2
1 Overview
1.1 Background

The Gongboxia Reservoir irrigated areas are located in Xunhua and Hualong
Counties, Qinghai Province, consisting of valley terraces and some low hilly land on
both banks of the trunk stream of the Yellow River. The Yellow River valley is a region
inhabited by multiple ethnic groups in Qinghai, the most densely populated region,
central cultivated region and producing region of farm and animal products second
only to the Huangshui River basin in Qinghai, one of the regions with the best
production conditions for agriculture and stockbreeding and water and water
resources, and a main producing region of grains, fruits, melons and vegetables in
Qinghai. The Qinghai Provincial Development and Reform Commission proposed the
idea of building the four gravity irrigation regions of the Yellow River valley using the
high water head advantage of the Laxiwa, Lijiaxia, Gongboxia and Jishixia to the
Qinghai Provincial Government in July 2007, and this idea was approved.
When the reservoir was completed in 2003, two irrigation outlets have been
reserved at the altitude of 1987.87m (south) and 1993.13m (north) on both ends of
the dam of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station in preparation for the construction of
the Gongboxia Irrigation Canal. The Gongboxia Reservoir Irrigation Project diverts
water from the irrigation outlets reserved on the dam to provide a water source to the
agricultural development in the crop cultivation areas, barren hills and slopes, and
ecological management zones on both banks of the Yellow River using the rich water
resources of the Gongboxia Reservoir and the Yellow River. This subproject is
expected to generate the following economic benefits:
 Improving the existing irrigation conditions and increasing irrigation area;
 Adjusting the planting structure; and
 Improving the ecological quality of the irrigated areas.

1.2 Introduction

This subproject consists of a south and a north irrigation canal. The south canal
runs through Jishi Town, Jiezi Town and Chahandusi Xiang, Xunhua County; the
north canal runs through Jishi Town, Xunhua County and Gandu Town and Jinyuan
Xiang, Hualong County; the south trunk canal has a total length of 27.308km, and the
north trunk canal 30.576km, with a planned irrigation area of 108,932 mu.
Meanwhile, the south trunk canal has 14 gravity branch canals and 3 irrigation
pumping stations. The total length of the south branch canals is 30.03Km. The north
trunk canal has 16 gravity branch canals, with a total length of 35.8Km. The south
and north canals have existing segments of 25km in total.
According to the Standard for classification and flood control of water resources
and hydroelectric projects (SL252-2000), the size of this subproject is Class 3,
medium size.
The design flow rates of the south and north trunk canals are 3.77 m 3/s and 4.34
3
m /s respectively; according to the Code for design of irrigation and drainage
engineering (GB50288-99), the south and north trunk canals are classified as Class 5
works based on design flow rate. The south and north branch and lower canals and
facilities are classified as Class 5.

1
According to the technical code for design5, design flood standard is once in 10
years, and calibrated flood standard is once in 30 years. See Table 1-1 for the
engineering overview of this subproject. See Appendix 1 for the schematic map of
this subproject.
Table 1-1 Engineering Overview of this Subproject
Gongboxia Gongboxia
Item Remarks
south canal north canal
Affect counties Xunhua and
Xunhua
Hualong
County
Counties
Trunk canal length (km) 27.308 30.576
Planned irrigation area
51,635 57,297
(mu)
Engineering grade of the Class 3, medium size Standard for classification and flood
dam/reservoir (based on control of water resources and
irrigation area) hydroelectric projects (SL252-2000)
Design flow rate (m3/s) 3.77 4.34
Engineering grade of the Class 5 Code for design of irrigation and
truck canals (based on drainage engineering (GB50288-99)
design flow rate)
14 gravity
branch
canals, 16 gravity
30.03km branch The south and north canals have
Attachments
long, with 3 canals, existing segments of 25km in total.
irrigation 35.8km long
pumping
stations
Source: Feasibility Study Report

1.2.1 Impacts of land acquisition and house demolition

According to the survey of the Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and
the Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute, the main resettlement impacts of
this subproject are permanent land acquisition for trunk canals, land occupation for
branch canals, temporary land occupation during construction, demolition of rural
residential houses, etc.
This subproject is divided into the Gongboxia south and north irrigation canals.
The areas affected by land acquisition and house demolition of the south canal cover
7 villages in Chahandusi Xiang, 4 villages in Jiezi Town, 2 villages in Jishi Town and
the Gongboxia hydroelectric station; the areas affected by land acquisition and house
demolition of the north canal cover 11 villages in Gandu Town and 1 village in
Jinyuan Xiang, Hualong County; 36 villages in 5 towns/xiangs are affected in total.
671.50 mu of land will be acquired for the trunk canals permanently, including
36.49 mu of arable land, 1.65 mu of garden, 9.51 mu of woodland, 2.73 mu of
5
Compulsory Provisions of Engineering Construction Standards (Water Conservancy
Engineering), 2004 Edition

2
housing sites, 8.52 mu of other land for construction6 and 612.60 mu of unused land7.
The population affected by land acquisition for trunk canals is 756 in 154 households.
The branch canals will occupy 155.76 mu of land, including 53.99 mu of arable
land, 2.80 mu of woodland, 2.28 mu of flood land and 96.69 mu of barren land,
affecting a population of 1,118 in 227 households.
Temporarily occupied land area will be 91.97 mu, including 20.80 mu of flood
land and 71.17 mu of barren land.
The demolition of rural residential houses designed for this subproject will be
caused by the construction of the south trunk canal only, involving 27 people in 3
households and a house area of 815.61 m2.
The main resettlement impacts of this subproject are summarized in Table 1-2.
Table 1-2 Summary of Key Resettlement Impacts

Gongboxia Irrigation Canal


Project
Project Total
Subproject South canal North canal
Affected town/Xiang 3 2 5
Affected admin. village 18 18 36
Subtotal 230.26 441.24 671.50
Permanent land
Arable land,
acquisition (mu) 28.84 22.07 50.91
woodland, garden
Land occupation for branch canals (mu) 64.95 90.81 155.76
Temporary land occupation (mu) 44.24 47.73 91.97
2
Demolition of rural houses (m ) 815.61 0 815.61
Land Households 82 72 154
acquisition
Population 410 346 756
only
House Households 3 0 3
Population demolition Population 27 0 27
affected by House Households 0 0 0
trunk canals demolition
and land Population 0 0 0
acquisition
Households 85 72 157
Subtotal
Population 437 346 783
Population Households 134 93 227
Land
affected by
acquisition
branch Population 590 528 1118
only
canals
Total of affected Households 219 165 384
population Population 1027 874 1901
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and Qinghai Water & Hydropower
Design Institute

6
Other land for construction includes other farmland, settlements, independent industrial and
mining land, land for transportation and water conservancy.
7
Unused land includes barren grassland, bare land, shoals and river surfaces.

3
1.2.2 Socioeconomic benefits

The irrigated areas in this subproject with advantaged natural conditions are a
producing center of grains, fruits and vegetables in Haidong Region, Qinghai, and a
famous vegetable base and cradle of fruits and melons. Meanwhile, this subproject
plays a decisive role in improving the production and living conditions of the Salar
people, making them become rich, and driving the economic development of ethnic
minorities.
This subproject will improve an irrigation area of 78,800 mu, expand the existing
irrigation area by 30,095 mu, solve such problems as nature-dependent water supply,
excessively high pumping irrigation electricity costs, water disputes and ethnic
conflicts arising from irrigation, increase the vegetation coverage ratio of barren lands
and slopes, reduce the area of water loss and soil erosion, improve the ecological
environment of the irrigated areas, and increase the gross cultivated area and output
of crops in the irrigated areas. This project will benefit 71,000 local people.

1.2.3 Resettlement investment estimate and implementation plan

The total investment in this subproject is 660.2129 million yuan, which is


conceived to consist of a financial organization loan and other funds. A loan of US$20
million (equivalent to 136.6 yuan) will be obtained from ADB, while the other funds will
be from government finance. The budget for engineering land occupation and
resettlement will be 5.12 million yuan, accounting for 0.70% of total investment, all
being domestic counterpart funds.
This subproject is a Class 3, medium-size water resources project. According to
the Code for organization design of water resources and hydroelectric engineering
construction, the general construction schedule will be divided into the construction
preparation period, the construction period of the main part and the completion
period. According to the size of this subproject and the technical construction
conditions, the overall construction period has been fixed at 3 years, from 2010 to
2013.

1.3 Review of resettlement of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station

The Gongboxia hydroelectric station is at the head of this subproject. Two


irrigation outlets have been reserved at the altitude of 1987.87m (south) and
1993.13m (north) on both ends of the dam of the hydroelectric station. This
subproject is connected to the Gongboxia hydroelectric station, so a due diligence
has been conducted of resettlement for the Gongboxia hydroelectric station. The due
diligence was conducted by the PPTA consultants with the assistance of the Yellow
River Support Office. The resettlement for this project was from 2004 to 2008, so the
compensation standards and resettlement regulations were very good. The Yellow
River Support Office and the local governments have provided ongoing support
which was successful and now it appears that the affected households have better
and stable livelihoods. Therefore, no further remedial measures are deemed
necessary. These people will continue to receive post-resettlement support from the
government. Also, 11 of the 17 relocated villages will be direct beneficiaries of the
Gongboxia Irrigation Project. See Appendix 2 for the resettlement due diligence
report.

4
2 Affected Areas and Socioeconomic Profile
2.1 Measures to avoid or minimize land acquisition and house
demolition

2.1.1 Project design and site selection principles

Land acquisition and house demolition will be minimized at the construction


stage on the following principles:
 Avoiding or minimizing the occupation of existing and planned residential
areas;
 Avoiding or minimizing the occupation of high-quality arable land;
 Utilizing existing national and local roads to lead to the proposed
construction area; and
 Avoiding or minimizing the occupation of environmentally sensitive zones;
 Reducing newly occupied land by rebuilding existing canals.
2.1.2 Comparative selection of options

The option of this subproject was determined at the feasibility study stage. A
preliminary route selection and comparison was made on a 1:10,000 topographic
map on the basis of lower investment, higher safety, fewer buildings, shorter hole
lines, and lower water head loss, land occupation and demolition. During the field
exploratory survey, the negative impacts of construction, especially the number of
displaced persons, have been minimized by making field investigation of the affected
areas repeatedly and optimizing the project design on the precondition of realizing
the intended results, as shown in Table 2-3.
Table 2-1 Options for Comparative Selection

South trunk canal North trunk canal


Item Option 1 Option 1
Option 2 Option 2
(recommended) (recommended)
Nanshangen, Jishi Ma’erpo, Qingshui Bolangtan, Jishi Bolangtan, Jishi Town,
End point
Town, Xunhua Xiang, Xunhua Town, Xunhua Xunhua
Design gradient
1/1,000 1/2,000 1/2,000-1/500 1/1,000-1/500
ratio of canal
Controlled area
54,064 57,820 61,036 52,650
(mu)
Difference (mu) -3,756 +8,386
Permanent land
acquisition for 474.39 851.4 598.35 1,101.1
trunk canals (mu)
3 households (27 3 households (27 6 households (30
House demolition None
people), 815.61 m2 people), 864 m2 people), 1,440 m2
In the recommended option, the land area
In the recommended option, the land
acquired for the trunk canals is reduced
area acquired for the trunk canals is
Option by 502.74 mu, the affected population by
reduced by 377.01 mu, and the
6 households (30 people), and the
demolition area of houses by 48.39 m2
demolition area of houses by 1,440 m2

5
South trunk canal North trunk canal
Item Option 1 Option 1
Option 2 Option 2
(recommended) (recommended)
Source: Feasibility Study Report and field survey

2.2 Range of survey of land acquisition and house demolition impacts

According to the recommended option, the whole irrigated areas fall into Xunhua
and Hualong Counties. The construction of the south canal and its branches affects 9
villages in Chahandusi Xiang, 5 villages in Jiezi Town, 3 villages in Jishi Town and the
Gongboxia hydroelectric station; the construction of the north canal and its branches
affects 13 villages in Gandu Town, 4 villages in Jishi Town and 1 village in Jinyuan
Xiang, Hualong County; land occupation for both canals affects 36 villages in 5
towns/xiangs. See Table 2- for details.
Table 2-2 Administrative Divisions Affected by Resettlement

Project County Town/ Xiang


Village/neighborhood committee
Dazhuang, Suzhi, Xiazhuang, New
Chahandusi
Village, Zanshang, Zanzhong, Zanxia,
Xiang
Xinjian, Zhongzhuang
South Xunhua Majia, Shangfang, Shenjia, Shipo,
Jiezi Town
Tuolongdu
Gongboxia Jishi Town Shabatang, Caotanba, Wajiangzhuang
Irrigation Gongboxia hydroelectric station
Canal Shangsihe, Xiasihe, Dongyi, Dongfeng,
Longkang, Dong’er, Dongsan, Yaluhu,
Gandu Town
Qiaotou, Gandujie, Dongliu, Dongtan,
North Hualong
New Village
Jishi Town Dabielie, Xinjian, Tuoba, Jiaru
Jinyuan Xiang Kexia
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and Qinghai Water &
Hydropower Design Institute

2.3 Socioeconomic profile of the affected areas

2.3.1 Socioeconomic profile of the affected region and counties

This subproject involves Xunhua and Hualong Counties in Haidong Region, an


economic analysis of which is as follows:
Haidong Region: Haidong Region is located in northeast Qinghai, on the south
piedmont of Mount Daban in the Qilian Mountains and the east slope of Mount Riyue
as an extension of the Kunlun Mountains, with an annual average air temperature of
7.6℃, an annual average rainfall of 422.9mm, an annual evaporation of 1,762.1mm,
and annual sunshine hours of 2715.1. By the end of 2006, Haidong Region had a
total population of 1,554,100 and 19 ethnic groups, including Han, Tibetan, Hui, Tu
and Salar. In its total population, the Han people accounted for 56%, and the ethnic
minorities 44%. In 2006, GDP was 10.206 billion yuan, per capita GDP 6,567.1, and
per capita farmer net income 2,727.5 yuan.

6
Xunhua County: Xunhua Salar Autonomous County is located in eastern
Qinghai, 68 km from east to west and 57 km from south to north, with a total area of
2100 km2, in which arable area is 95.2 km2. In 2007, the county had a total population
of 125,155 people in 32,361 households. Xunhua County is the only Salar
autonomous county of China, inhabited by a number of ethnic groups, including
Salar, Tibetan, Hui and Han. Ethnic minority population accounted for 94% of the
county’s total population, including 75,700 Salar people, accounting for 62.2%. In
2006, GDP was 782 million yuan, per capita GDP 6,248.3, and per capita farmer net
income 2,730 yuan.
Hualong County: Hualong Hui Autonomous County is located in eastern
Qinghai, 98.5 km from east to west and 48.5 km from south to north, with a total area
of 2740 km2, in which arable area is 361 km2. In 2007, the county had a total
population of 243,545 in 57,308 households, in which the Hui people accounted for
54.7%, the Han people and the Tibetans 20% respectively, and the Salar people 5%.
It is a county inhabited by multiple ethnic groups, composed mainly of Hui people. In
2006, GDP was 1.558 billion yuan, per capita GDP 6,397.2, and per capita farmer net
income 2,510 yuan.
The economic indicators of the affected region and counties are shown in Table
2-.
Table 2-3 Key Economic Indicators of Haidong Region and Xunhua and Hualong
Counties
Indicator Unit Haidong Region Xunhua Hualong
Households 10,000 40.19 32,361 57,308
Total population / 1,554,100 125,155 243,545
2
Land area km 13,044 2,100 2,740
Per capita arable area mu 0.51 1.14 2.21
GDP 100m yuan 102.06 7.82 15.58
Per capita GDP yuan 6,567.1 6,248.3 6,397.2
Per capita net income yuan 2,727.5 2,730 2,510
Source: Qinghai Statistical Yearbook (2007); statistics of Xunhua and Hualong Counties (2007)

2.3.2 Profile of the affected towns

This subproject involves 3 towns/xiangs in Xunhua County and 2 towns/xiangs in


Hualong County, 5 in total; The economic profile of the towns/xiangs is as follows:
Jiezi Town: located in the west of Xunhua County, with a total area of about
373.8 km2 and a total population of about 19,000, with an ethnic minority population
of 10,500 which accounts for 78.8% of total population, composed mainly of Salar
people. The characteristic industries of this town include chilli cultivation and
processing, tourism and transport, etc. The per capita net income of this town was
2,892 yuan in 2008.
Jishi Town: the seat of the government of Xunhua Salar Autonomous County,
located in the north of the county, with a total area of 128 km2 and a total population
of about 30,000, composed mainly of Salar people, accounting for 42.4%. The Hui
people account for 30%. Other ethnic groups include Han and Tibetan, etc. The
characteristic products of this town include chilli, walnut, prickly ash, vegetables,
cattle and sheep, etc. The per capita net income of this town was 2,911 yuan in 2007.

7
Chahandusi Xiang: located in the west of Xunhua County, with a total area of
69.3 km2 and a total population of about 12,900, composed mainly of Hui people,
who account for 87.5% of total population. The characteristic products of Chahandusi
Xiang include chilli and prickly ash. The per capita net income of this Xiang was
2,796 yuan in 2007.
Gandu Town: located in the southwest of Hualong County, with a total area of
about 164.9 km2 and a total population of about 21,200, composed mainly of Hui
people, who account for 53% of total population, and the Salar people account for
34.2%. The characteristic products of Gandu Town include chilli, walnut and potato,
etc. The per capita net income of this town was 2,719 yuan in 2007.
Jinyuan Xiang: located in the north of Hualong County, a total population of
6,447, composed mainly of Tibetans, accounting for 95.2% of total population. The
per capita net income of this Xiang was 2,318 yuan in 2007.
The economic profile of the affected towns/xiangs is shown in Table 2-.
Table 2-4 Economic Indicators of the Affected Towns/Xiangs
Xunhua Hualong
Indicator Unit Jiezi Jishi Chahandusi Gandu Jinyuan
Town Town Xiang Town Xiang
Households / 4,414 8,648 3,160 4,772 1,121
Population / 19,140 30,481 12,937 21,208 6,447
In which, men / 9,724 15,631 6,446 11,406 3,300
Agricultural
/ 18,740 19,887 12,775 20,421 6,436
population
Total arable area mu 24,595 14,704 12,398 20,001 21,042
Per capita arable
mu 1.29 0.48 0.96 0.94 3.26
area
Per capita net
yuan 2,892 2,911 2,796 2,719 2,318
income
Source: statistics of Xunhua and Hualong Counties (2007)

2.3.3 Profile of the affected administrative villages

This subproject involves 36 villages in 5 towns/xiangs. Among the affected 36


villages, population per household is 4-8, per capita arable area 0.46-2.97 mu, and
per capita income 1,294-3,680 yuan. The traditional crops of the affected villages are
mostly wheat, rape and potato. The villages have built chilli, walnut, prickly ash and
watermelon production bases based on their unique resources and environment. For
example, many villages in Jiezi Town are also developing tourism with Salar
characteristics, and many villages in Jishi Town have built large-scale cattle and
sheep fattening bases. The socioeconomic profile of the affected villages is shown in
Table 2-.

8
Table 2-5 Basic Economic Situation of the Affected Villages

In Arable Population Per capita Per capita net


Town/ Total
Project County Village Households which, Labor area per arable area income
Xiang population
men (mu) household (mu/person) (yuan/person)
Dazhuang 430 2,065 1,055 1,020 2,894 5 1.4 2,845
Suzhi 395 1,962 967 720 2,648 5 1.35 3,039
Zhongzhuang 150 330 164 501 850 2 2.58 3,112
Xiazhuang 128 458 230 680 1,360 4 2.97 3,010
Chahandusi
New Village 202 1,080 545 530 1,175 5 1.09 2,606
Xiang
Xinjian 138 520 259 320 574 4 1.1 3,471
Zanshang 126 591 294 350 599 5 1.01 3,218
Gongboxia Zanzhong 112 527 266 410 693 5 1.31 2,761
south Xunhua Zanxia 232 1,174 585 510 1942 5 1.65 2,708
trunk Majia 147 726 367 450 500 5 0.69 3,129
Shangfang 114 652 325 330 300 6 0.46 3,256
Jiezi Town Tuolongdu 156 953 484 490 1,100 6 1.15 3,264
Shenjia 67 556 281 267 819 8 1.47 2,566
Shipo 135 772 384 425 856 6 1.11 3,381
Caotanba 299 1,428 732 732 740 5 0.52 3,298
Jishi Town Wajiangzhuang 299 1,428 732 732 740 5 0.52 3,298
Shabatang 158 878 450 531 462 6 0.53 3,680
Gongboxia Hualong Gandu Shangsihe 145 806 427 379 515 6 0.64 1,578
north trunk Town Xiasihe 177 874 463 580 646 5 0.74 1,622
Dongyi 482 2,139 1,065 1,176 1,732 4 0.81 1,605
Dongfeng 255 1,081 546 595 821 4 0.76 1,426
Longkang 599 2,551 1,270 1,403 2,627 4 1.03 1,321
Dong’er 68 310 164 128 294 5 0.95 2,406

9
In Arable Population Per capita Per capita net
Town/ Total
Project County Village Households which, Labor area per arable area income
Xiang population
men (mu) household (mu/person) (yuan/person)
Dongsan 219 852 424 469 800 4 0.94 1,294
Yaluhu 345 1,847 933 1,016 1,459 5 0.79 1,592
Qiaotou 147 785 391 432 690 5 0.88 1,549
Gandujie 499 2,053 1,037 1,129 1,088 4 0.53 1,825
Dongtan 133 807 428 379 667 6 0.83 1,961
New Village 162 985 500 570 800 6 0.81 1,807
Dongliu 118 514 256 283 519 4 1.01 1,624
Jinyuan
Kexia 172 851 425 460 1,317 5 1.48 2,735
Xiang
Dabielie 175 1,135 582 571 531 6 0.47 3,697
Xinjian 89 511 262 290 611 6 1.2 4,125
Xunhua Jishi Town
Tuoba 509 3,080 1,579 1,452 1,686 6 0.55 3,154
Jiaru 142 570 292 321 585 4 1.03 3,377
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute

10
3 Impacts of this Subproject
3.1 Identification of resettlement impacts

In order to find out the resettlement impacts of this subproject, the Qinghai Land
Surveying & Mapping Institute completed the surveying and delimitation of the
impacts of land occupation for the south and north trunk canals as entrusted the
Qinghai PMO in June 2009. The Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute
measured the land occupied by the trunk canals in detail, and prepared a survey
report, including the types and areas of land occupied and ground attachments
(including house demolition), etc. Meanwhile, the Qinghai Water & Hydropower
Design Institute surveyed the physical indicators affected by land occupation and
other aspects of resettlement for the branch and below canals based on the
Feasibility Study Report.
In order to learn the socioeconomic profile within the affected areas, the Qinghai
PMO and Hohai University organized a special survey team for a socioeconomic
survey during April-June 2009, and conducted a supplementary survey in July 2009
based on the resettlement impacts of this subproject.
During the resettlement survey, the survey team has surveyed all influencing
factors based on the ADB policy for resettlement as follows: (i) A census was made of
the affected counties, towns/xiangs and villages; (ii) A sampling survey was made of
the affected households; and (iii) The survey was made in a combination of door-to-
door survey and interview, and FGDs of diverse forms were held. In the physical
indicator and socioeconomic survey of this subproject, all the affected people were
involved. The survey team listened to opinions of village committees and villagers on
land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement, and conducted extensive
consultation during the survey. The key findings are as follows:
1) Water costs are high due to the serious shortage of water; almost all the
affected households support this subproject, and know that this subproject
will be commenced;
2) Almost all the affected households think land acquisition has little impact on
them. Though part of their land is acquired, this subproject will enable most
of them to make use of their former abandoned land8; at the same time, after
the irrigation conditions are improved and production costs are reduced,
they can increase income by reusing abandoned land or changing their
planting structure, so they are inclined toward cash compensation;
3) Though this subproject affects 2 counties, the affected households think
uniform compensation standards should be established for the purpose of
fairness;
4) Compensation fees should be paid timely and transparently, and
intermediate links should be minimized;
5) Since Xunhua and Hualong Counties are Salar and Hui habitats
respectively, the resettlement plan should take into account the living
customs and religious believes of the ethnic minorities; for example, villagers
in both counties live in estate-like houses.
6) Houses should be relocated after housing sites are arranged and

8
Based on the survey, most of the abandoned land is covered by tertiary or above pumping
irrigation, because water costs (electricity, etc.) are too high and farmers are unwilling to farm.

11
compensation fees are paid.

3.2 Analysis of resettlement impacts

3.2.1 Permanent acquisition / additional occupation of collective land for the


trunk canal and impact analysis

Permanent acquisition / occupation of collective land by this subproject is


occasioned by the trunk and branch canals, where 827.26 mu of collective land will
be permanently acquired or occupied (including 90.48 mu of arable land), affecting
1,874 people in 381 households, of which 671.5 mu of collective land (including
36.49 of arable land) will be acquired for the trunk canals, affecting 756 people in 154
households; 155.76 mu of collective land will be occupied for the branch canals
(including 53.99 of arable land), affecting 1,118 people in 227 households.
(1) Permanent land acquisition for trunk canals
The permanent acquisition of collective land for this subproject is caused by
canal construction. 671.50 mu of land will be acquired for the Gongboxia south and
north trunk canals permanently, including 36.49 mu of arable land (accounting for
5.43%, including 9.91 mu of irrigated land9 and 26.58 mu of dry land), 1.65 mu of
garden (0.25%), 9.51 mu of woodland (1.42%), 2.73 mu of housing sites (0.41%),
8.52 mu of other land for construction10 (1.27%) and 612.60 mu of unused land11.
Unused land includes barren grassland, bare land, shoals and river surfaces,
affecting 756 people in 154 households. See Table 3-4 for acquisition of collective
land for the trunk canals of the Gongboxia Irrigation Canal.

9
Based on the survey of the Hohai University survey team, abandoned land accounts for
about 45% of irrigated land, with an area of 4.46 mu
10
Other land for construction includes other farmland, settlements, independent industrial and
mining land, land for transportation and water conservancy.
11
Unused land includes barren grassland, bare land, shoals and river surfaces.

12
Table 3-4 Land Acquired by the Gongboxia Trunk Canal - by Administrative Village
Unit: mu, household, person
Arable land
Town/ Housing Other land for Unused Households Affected
Project County Village Garden Woodland
Xiang Irrigated In which, site construction land affected population
Subtotal Dry land
land abandoned land
Dazhuang 4.51 4.51 0.31 3.62 0.18 37.48 16 78
Suzhi 0.65 0.21 14.50 3 5
Xiazhuang 0.70 0.73 0.03 21.55 3 11
Chahandu New
8.35 0 0
si Xiang Village
Zanshang 0.28 0.60 9.28 3 13
Zanzhong 0.86 13.58 0 0
Zanxia 1.18 0 0
Gongboxia Xunhua
Majia 8.83 8.83 3.97 0.64 0.40 0.71 1.05 4.72 38 191
south trunk
Shangfang 1.12 0.00 0 0
Jiezi Town
Shenjia 1.08 1.08 0.48 0.00 0.63 2.02 0.30 13.30 3 21
Shipo 13.88 0 0
Caotanba 37.53 0 0
Jishi Town
Shabatang 3.21 18.02 16 91
Gongboxia
4.18 0.06 0 0
hydroelectric station
Subtotal 15 villages 14.42 9.91 4.46 4.51 1.65 9.51 2.73 8.52 193.43 82 410
Gongboxia Hualong Gandu Shangsihe 0.67 0.67 29.34 3 16
north trunk Town Xiasihe 13.27 13.27 26.14 48 239
Dongyi 21.41 0 0
Dongfeng 28.06 0 0
Longkang 8.13 8.13 47.14 21 91

13
Arable land
Town/ Housing Other land for Unused Households Affected
Project County Village Garden Woodland
Xiang Irrigated In which, site construction land affected population
Subtotal Dry land
land abandoned land
Dong’er 5.20 0 0
Dongsan 12.38 0 0
Yaluhu 30.92 0 0
Qiaotou 5.28 0 0
Gandujie 49.97 0 0
Dongliu 16.37 0 0
Jinyuan
Xunhua Kexia 146.97 0 0
Xiang
Subtotal 11 villages 22.07 22.07 419.17 72 346
Total 26 villages 36.49 9.91 4.46 26.58 1.65 9.51 2.73 8.52 612.60 154 756

14
(2) Land occupation impacts of branch canals
In the 155.76 mu of land to be permanently occupied for the branch canals,
53.99 mu of arable land (34.66%), 2.80 mu of woodland (1.80%) and 98.97 mu of
unused land (63.54%) will be occupied, affecting 1,118 people in 227 households in
18 villages, including 10 newly affected villages. According to the Current Land Use
Classification, land occupied by ditches and canals with a width of <2 meters in
northern regions can be regarded as farmland. See .
(3) Impact analysis of acquisition of collective land for the trunk canals
and land occupation for branch canals
It can be seen from the above analysis that in the collective land of 827.26 mu
acquired for the trunk canals of this subproject, arable area is 90.48 mu, affecting 15
villages and 1,754 people in 356 households in total. The other 21 villages affected
by land acquisition are acquired of gardens, woodland, housing sites, other land for
construction and unused land only. The overall loss rate of acquisition / additional
occupation of arable land is 0.54%. Since this subproject involves the reconstruction
of canals in a linear form, the population affected by land acquisition will lose part of
their land only. According to the socioeconomic survey, a comparative analysis was
made of the arable land of the affected villages before and after land acquisition.
Among the 15 villages affected by arable land acquisition, the loss rate of arable land
acquisition is up to 3.8% (Dong’er Village, Gandu Town), so the loss rate of arable
land acquisition is very low. In terms of income loss, per capita income loss is up to
18.8 yuan. See Table 3-3.

15
Table 3-5 Impacts of Land Occupation for Branch Canals
Arable land
Households Affected
Project County Town/ Xiang Admin. village Irrigated Abandoned Woodland Unused land Total
Subtotal affected population
land land
Zanzhong 5.87 1.57 4.3 5.87 21 72
Zanxia 3.4 3.4 3.4 10 31
Chahandusi Xinjian 5.99 5.99 3.1 9.09 21 93
Xiang Zhongzhuang 2.83 2.83 5.8 8.63 10 21
Gongboxia
Xunhua Xiazhuang 3.8 3.8 1.27 5.07 10 21
south canal
Suzhi 16.58 16.58 0 0
Jiezi Town Tuolongdu 3.55 3.55 0 0
Shabatang 5.64 5.64 2.28 7.92 31 186
Jishi Town
Wajiangzhuang 4.84 4.84 4.84 31 166
Subtotal 9 villages 32.37 22.08 10.29 0 32.58 64.95 134 590
Kanglong Village 3 14.8 14.8 0 0
Gandujie 2.8 11.36 14.16 0 0
Hualong Gandu Town Dong’er 11.29 11.29 11.29 41 207
Dongtan 3.27 3.27 0 0
Gongboxia
New Village 8.2 8.2 0 0
north canal
Dabielie 4.29 4.29 0 0
Xinjian 10.96 10.96 0 0
Xunhua Jishi Town
Tuoba 10.32 10.32 4.51 14.83 52 321
Jiaru 9 9 0 0
Subtotal 9 villages 21.61 21.61 0 2.8 66.39 90.81 93 528
Total 18 villages 53.99 43.7 10.29 2.8 98.97 155.76 227 1,118
Source: survey of Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute

16
17
Table 3-3 Impact Analysis of Acquisition of Collective Land for the Trunk Canal
Before acquisition Impact of acquisition Proportion affected Income loss (yuan) Per capita
Average loss of
Total Total Arable Affected Arable House- Per
Type Town/ Xiang Village Affected People Annual loss per total
house- populatio land house- land holds Land (%) capita
holds n (mu) holds
people
(mu) (%)
(%) loss house-
loss income
hold (%)
Chahandusi
Dazhuang 430 2065 2894 16 78 4.51 3.7% 3.8% 0.2% 4690.4 293.2 3.8 0.13%
Xiang
Majia 147 726 500 38 191 8.83 25.9% 26.3% 1.8% 9183.2 241.6 1.3 0.04%
Trunk Jiezi Town
Shenjia 67 556 819 3 21 1.08 4.5% 3.8% 0.1% 1123.2 374.4 17.8 0.69%
canals
Shangsihe 145 806 515 3 16 0.67 2.1% 2.0% 0.1% 696.8 232.3 14.5 0.92%
Gandu Town Xiasihe 177 874 646 48 239 13.27 27.1% 27.3% 2.1% 13800.8 287.5 1.2 0.07%
Longkang 599 2551 2627 21 91 8.13 3.5% 3.6% 0.3% 8455.2 402.6 4.4 0.33%
Zanzhong 112 527 693 21 72 5.87 18.8% 13.7% 0.8% 6104.8 290.7 4.0 0.15%
Zanxia 232 1174 1942 10 31 3.40 4.3% 2.6% 0.2% 3536.0 353.6 11.4 0.42%
Chahandusi
Xinjian 138 520 574 21 93 5.99 15.2% 17.9% 1.0% 6229.6 296.6 3.2 0.09%
Xiang
Branch Zhongzhuang 150 330 850 10 21 2.83 6.7% 6.4% 0.3% 2943.2 294.3 14.0 0.45%
Xiazhuang 128 458 1360 10 21 3.80 7.8% 4.6% 0.3% 3952.0 395.2 18.8 0.63%
canals Shabatang 158 878 462 31 186 5.64 19.6% 21.2% 1.2% 5865.6 189.2 1.0 0.03%
Jishi Town
Wajiangzhuang 299 1428 740 31 166 4.84 10.4% 11.6% 0.7% 5033.6 162.3 1.0 0.03%
Gandu Town Dong’er 68 310 294 41 207 11.29 60.3% 66.8% 3.8% 11741.6 286.3 1.4 0.06%
Jishi Town Tuoba 509 3080 1686 52 321 10.32 10.2% 10.4% 0.6% 10732.8 206.4 0.6 0.02%
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute

18
Among the 1,754 people in 356 households affected by arable land acquisition
for this project, 984 people in 206 households have a land loss rate of less than 5%,
770 people in 150 households 6%-10%, and no household has a loss rate of over
10%. Among the 206 households with a land loss rate of less than 5%, 14
households have a contracted land area of less than 1 mu (6.8%), 58 households
have 1-3 mu (28.2%), 119 households have 3-5 mu (57.8%), and 15 households
have over 5 mu (7.3%). Among the 150 households with a land loss rate of 6%-10%,
10 households have a contracted land area of less than 1 mu (6.7%), 41 households
have 1-3 mu (27.3%), 89 households have 3-5 mu (59.3%), and 10 household have
over 5 mu (6.7%). It can be seen from the land loss rate analysis that land acquisition
for this subproject has little impact on the affected households. The degree of impact
of the households affected by land acquisition is shown in Table 3-4 and Table 3-5.

Table 3-4 Degrees of Land Loss of Affected Households

Land loss
Town/ <5% 5%-10% >10% Total
Type Village
Xiang House Popu House Popu House Popu House Popu
-holds -lation -holds -lation -holds -lation -holds -lation
Chahandusi
Dazhuang
Xiang 9 44 7 34 0 0 16 78
Majia 21 103 17 88 0 0 38 191
Jiezi Town
Shenjia 3 21 0 0 0 0 3 21
Trunk
canals Shangsihe 3 16 0 0 0 0 3 16
Gandu
Xiasihe 27 133 21 106 0 0 48 239
Town
Longkang 13 64 8 27 0 0 21 91
Subtotal 76 382 53 254 0 0 129 636
Zanzhong 10 49 11 23 0 0 21 72
Zanxia 7 21 3 10 0 0 10 31
Chahandusi
Xinjian 12 59 9 34 0 0 21 93
Xiang
Zhongzhuang 4 12 6 9 0 0 10 21
Branch Xiazhuang 6 12 4 9 0 0 10 21
Shabatang 17 84 14 102 0 0 31 186
canals Jishi Town
Wajiangzhuang 15 74 16 92 0 0 31 166
Gandu
Dong’er
Town 30 148 11 59 0 0 41 207
Jishi Town Tuoba 29 143 23 178 0 0 52 321
Subtotal 130 602 97 516 0 0 227 1118
Total 206 984 150 770 0 0 356 1754
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute

Table 3-5 Degrees of Arable Land Loss of Affected Households

Existing arable
area 0-5% 6~10% >10% Subtotal
<1 mu 14 10 0 24

19
1-3 mu 58 41 0 99
3-5 mu 119 89 0 208
>5 mu 15 10 0 25
Total 206 150 0 356
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute

According to the project design, this subproject will increase an irrigation area of
30,095 mu, so that the irrigation area in the irrigated areas will attain 108,932 mu.
Before the construction of this subproject, the average electricity charge of secondary
and tertiary irrigation pumping stations with a lift of over 50 meters per mu of
pumping irrigated land per annum is 170-230 yuan, which is a heavy burden on
farmers. The implementation of this subproject will turn an area of 51,700 mu
irrigated by irrigation pumping stations below the control altitude of the trunk canals
on both banks of the trunk stream of the Yellow River into gravity irrigation ones, save
an installed capacity of 8,600kW (150 days of operation per annum and 18 hours a
day), and reduce electricity costs by 8.127 million yuan per annum (assuming per
kWh of agricultural electricity costs 0.35 yuan), which is a reduction of 157.2 yuan per
mu on average. See Table 3-6.
Table 3-6 Summary of Irrigation Improvement
Present area irrigated With Gongboxia
Item
South canal North canal Subtotal Irrigation Canal
Total water supply capacity
2,798.9 2,641 5,439.9 7,186.6
(10,000 m3)
Irrigation area (mu) 39,365.3 39,472 78,837.3 108,932
The average electricity charge of
secondary and tertiary irrigation pumping
Saving 157.2 yuan of
Water rate (yuan/mu) stations with a lift of over 50 meters per
electricity charge
mu of pumping irrigated land per annum
is 170-230 yuan
Source: Feasibility Study Report

In addition, according to the field survey, the main crop in the affected areas is
winter wheat. Due to the implementation of this subproject, the investment in crop
cultivation can be reduced and the output increased. After this subproject is put into
operation, the additional income per mu of land (about 500 yuan based on estimate)
can also make up the impact of land acquisition, as shown in Table 3-7.

Table 3-7 Comparison of Winter Wheat Input and Output before and after Project
Implementation
Item Unit 1 Pre-project 2 Post-project Difference (2-1)
1. Gross income yuan/mu 480 800 320
1) Output Kg/ mu 600 1000 400
2) Unit price yuan/kg 0.8 0.8 0
2. Cost 350 160 -190
1) Seed yuan/mu 50 50 0
2) Pesticide, yuan/mu 10 10 0

20
Item Unit 1 Pre-project 2 Post-project Difference (2-1)
fertilizer
3) Labor cost yuan/mu 100 80 -20
4) Water charges yuan/mu 10 10 0
5) Electricity yuan/mu 170 0 -170
charges
6) Other yuan/mu 10 10 0
3. Net income yuan/mu 130 640 510
Source: village-level survey by Hohai University survey team

In sum, land acquisition for this subproject will cause little land loss to the
affected households, and have little impact on the routine agricultural production and
income of the farming households.
According to the field survey, the 356 households affected by arable land
acquisition have the following willingness for resettlement: a) Exchange for arable
land reclaimed under this subproject, chosen by 69 households, accounting for
19.4% of all households affected by land acquisition; b) Readjust the structure of
crop cultivation from one focused on food crops with low economic efficiency, such as
wheat and rape, into one focused on crops with higher economic efficiency, such as
potato, vegetables, prickly ash and walnut, or increase the amount of livestock,
chosen by 108 households, accounting for 30.3%; c) Invest land compensation fees
in tertiary industry businesses, such as catering, general merchandise, traffic and
tourism, to increase economic income, chosen by 57 households, accounting for
16.0%; d) Use land compensation fees for Putonghua training, and skills learning and
training, and to look for job opportunities from the outside, chosen by 122
households, accounting for 34.3%. The restoration plan for the impacts of land
acquisition is shown in Table 3-8.

Table 3-8 Willingness for Resettlement of Households Affected by Land Acquisition

Restoration plan
Replacement Cash compensation
Proportion
Households of newly Tertiary Skills
of land loss Agricultural
reclaimed Subtotal industry training,
restructuring businesses employment
land
0-5% 206 21 185 60 33 92
6%-10% 150 48 102 48 24 30
Total 356 69 287 108 57 122
Proportion 100% 19.4% 80.6% 30.3% 16.0% 34.3%

3.2.2Temporary land occupation

Temporary land use for construction means land occupied temporarily during the
construction period, including sand and stone yards, blending plants, spoil grounds,
and production, living areas and roads occupied temporarily during construction. All
land occupied temporarily under this subproject is unused land, totaling 91.97 mu,

21
including 20.80 mu of flood land (22.62%) and 71.17 mu of barren land (77.38%).
The average period of temporary occupation is 2 years. The impacts of temporary
land occupation are shown in Table 3-9.

Table 3-9 Summary of Temporary Land Occupation


Admin. Unused land (mu)
Project County Town/ Xiang
village Flood land Barren land Subtotal
Tuanjie 0 5.1 5.1
Chahandusi Zhongzhuang 0 2.5 2.5
Xiang Xiazhuang 0 7.6 7.6
Gongboxia Suzhi 2.4 12.3 14.7
Xunhua
south canal Erlanbahai 2.6 3.5 6.1
Jiezi Town
Majia 2.9 0 2.9
Shabatang 2.4 0 2.4
Jishi Town
Wajiazhuang 0 2.9 2.9
Subtotal 10.3 33.9 44.2
Kanglong
0 12.5 12.5
Village 3
Gandu
Hualong Sihesheng 7.3 0 7.3
Gongboxia Town
Ahetan 0 7.4 7.4
north canal
Dong’er 0 4.3 4.3
Dabielie 3.2 9.7 12.9
Xunhua Jishi Town
Jiaru 0 3.3 3.3
Subtotal 10.5 37.2 47.7
Total 20.8 71.1 91.9
Source: survey of Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute

3.2.3 Demolition of residential houses and impact analysis

In this subproject, only the Gongboxia south canal involves house demolition. All
residential houses demolished in this subproject are rural residential houses, with a
total area of 815.61 m2, including 200.37 m2 in the masonry-timber structure and
615.34 m2 in the earth-timber structure, affecting 27 people in 3 households. The
residential houses to be demolished in this subproject are shown in Table 3-10.
Table 3-10 Summary of Residential Houses Demolished

House demolition (m2)


Town/ Households Affected
Project County Village Masonry Earth
Xiang affected population
-timber -timber
Gongboxia Shenjia 2 20 67.04 445.9
south trunk Xunhua Jiezi Town
Majia 1 7 133.33 169.34
canal
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute

22
3.2.4 Affected ground attachments

This subproject affects 8 types of ground attachments, including enclosure, toilet


and gate tower, as shown in Table 3-11. No infrastructure will be affected.

Table 3-11 Affected Ground Attachments

Type Unit South trunk North trunk Total


irrigated areas irrigated areas
2
Enclosure m 150 300 450
Gate tower / 5 8 13
Toilet / 9 18 27
Stockyard / 65 132 197
2
Parterre m 342 570 912
Sapling / 36 60 96
Small tree / 72 120 192
Big tree / 54 90 144
Source: survey of Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute

3.2.5 Affected population

This subproject will affect a total population of 1,901 in 384 households, including
land acquisition and house demolition for the trunk canals affects a total population of
783 in 157 households, and the land occupation of the branch canals a population of
1,118 in 227 households, all falling into ethnic minorities, including and 1,027 Salar
people in 219 households (all the 3 affected households are Salar households) and
874 Hui people in165 households. See Table 3-12.

Table 3-12 Summary of Affected Population


Gongboxia Gongboxia
Project impact Total
south canal north canal
Land Households 82 72 154
acquisition only Population 410 346 756
House Households 3 0 3
Population demolition Population 27 0 27
affected by House Households 0 0 0
trunk canals demolition and
Population 0 0 0
land acquisition
Households 85 72 157
Subtotal
Population 437 346 783
Population Households 134 93 227
Land
affected by
acquisition only Population 590 528 1118
branch canals
Households 219 165 384
Total of affected population
Population 1027 874 1901

23
3.3 Affected population and socioeconomic profile

3.3.1 Affected population

To learn the basic information of the population affected by land acquisition, the
socioeconomic survey team conducted a sampling survey of the affected
households. 82 questionnaires were handed out in total. However, since some
residents were working outside and some questionnaires were invalid, 60 valid
questionnaires were received, accounting for 15.6%.

3.3.2 Sampling socioeconomic household survey

(1) Family size, gender and labor force


The 60 surveyed households have a total population of 320, a total labor force of
258 and an average household population of 5.33. The surveyed population includes
248 laborers and 122 female laborers, accounting for 38.1% of total population.
Women deal mainly with crop cultivation, housework and other productive activities.
(2) Age structure
Among the 320 people in the 60 surveyed households, 41 are under the age of
18, accounting for 12.8%; 126 aged 18-40, accounting for 39.4%; 122 aged 40-60,
accounting for 38.1%; and 31 aged over 60, accounting for 9.7%. See Figure 3-1 for
the age structure.
抽样人口年龄结构分布图

18% 13%
<18岁
18-40岁
40-60岁
>60岁
29% 40%

Figure 3-1 Age Distribution Structure of the Sample


(3) Ethnic groups
Xunhua County is a Salar autonomous county, inhabited by over 80% of the
Salar people of the whole country, and 90% of the county’s population is composed
of Salar people. Hualong County is a Hui autonomous county. Among the 320 people
in the 60 surveyed households, there are 102 Hui people, accounting for 32%; 6
Tibetans, accounting for 1.87%; 203 Salar people, accounting for 63.47%; and 9 Han
people, accounting for 2.67%. See Figure 3-2 for the distribution of ethnic groups in
the sample.

24
抽样人口中民族分布图

3%

32%
回族
藏族
撒拉族
汉族
2%
63%

Figure 3-2 Ethnic Distribution Structure of the Sample

(4) Educational background


Among the 320 people in the 60 surveyed households, 190 are illiterate,
accounting for 59.4%; 91 have received primary school education, accounting for
28.4%; 29 have received junior secondary school education, accounting for 9.1%; 6
have received senior / technical secondary school education, accounting for 1.9%; 2
have received secondary technical or vocational school education, accounting for
0.6%; and 2 have received college or above education, accounting for 0.6%. See
Figure 3-3.
抽样人口中教育程度分布表

1%
1%
未上学
2%
小学
9% 初中
高中
技校或中专
大专及以上
28%
59%

Figure 3-3 Education Distribution Structure of the Sample

(5) Living conditions


Local residential houses are of ethnic characteristics, and in the masonry-timber
or earth-timber structure mainly. Almost all newly built houses are of the masonry-
concrete structure. In particular, 17 households have a masonry-timber house,
accounting for 28.8%, 41 households have a earth-timber house, accounting for
67.5%, and 2 households have a masonry-concrete house, accounting for 3.7%.
Overall house area is 16,312.2 m2, 271.87 m2 per household and 50.97 m2 per
capita. In general, the surveyed households have relatively good residential

25
conditions, and their houses are usually estate-like and have a large housing site.
According to the survey, almost all Salar and Hui residents have a courtyard for
growing vegetables, fruits and melons (cultivated area 0.1-1 mu), giving rise to the
characteristic “courtyard economy” (some Tibetan and Han residents also deal with
the “courtyard economy”).

Figure 3-4 House and “Courtyard Economy” with Ethnic Characteristics


(6) Land resources
Among the 320 people in 60 surveyed households, total contracted land area is
286.58 mu, 0.90 mu per capita, growing crops such as winter wheat, potato and
rape. In addition, per capita garden area is 0.2 mu.
(7) Household income and expenditure
According to the statistical analysis of the 320 people in 60 surveyed
households, per capita annual household income is 3,966.4 yuan/person, in which
agricultural income is 393.8 yuan/person, accounting for 9.93%; income from cash
crops 923.9 yuan/person, accounting for 23.29%; stockbreeding income 1,039.2
yuan/person, accounting for 26.20%; income from work 1,422.0 yuan/person,
accounting for 35.85%; government subsidy 200 yuan/person, accounting for 0.95%;
and other income 800.0 yuan/person, accounting for 3.78%. The main sources of
income of the farmers mainly include cultivation of cash crops, stockbreeding,
tourism and employment, etc., which is consistent with the local industrial structure.
Women usually take care of the family, deal with crop cultivation and stockbreeding,
and seldom work outside. Most of those working outside are men.
Per capita annual household expenditure is 1,426.3 yuan/person; in which
educational expenses are 287.8 yuan/person, accounting for 20.18%; personal
consumption expenditure 407.9 yuan/person, accounting for 28.59%; taxes and
charges paid 60.5 yuan/person, accounting for 4.24%; productive fixed assets
purchased 152.6 yuan/person, accounting for 10.70%; medical expenses 206.3
yuan/person, and other expenses 311.3 yuan/person, accounting for 21.82%. The
sampling survey results of the income and expenditure of the affected households
are shown in Table 3-13.

Table 3-13 Summary of Household Income and Expenditure


Per household Per capita
Item Proportion (%)
(yuan/household) (yuan/person)
Annual Agricultural income 2,100.3 393.8 9.93%
household
Income from cash 4,927.7 923.9 23.29%

26
Per household Per capita
Item Proportion (%)
(yuan/household) (yuan/person)
crops
Income from
5,542.2 1,039.2 26.20%
stockbreeding
Income from work 7,584.0 1,422.0 35.85%
income
Government subsidy 200.0 37.5 0.95%
Other 800.0 150.0 3.78%
Subtotal 21,154.2 3,966.4 100.00%
Educational expenses 1,535 287.8 20.18%
Personal consumption 2,175.2 407.9 28.59%
Payment of taxes and
322.5 60.5 4.24%
charges
Household Purchase of
expenditure productive fixed 813.9 152.6 10.70%
assets
Medical expenses 1,100.0 206.3 14.46%
Other 1,660.2 311.3 21.82%
Subtotal 7,606.8 1,426.3 100.00%
Savings 13,547.4 2,540.1 64.0%
Source: survey by Hohai University survey team

(8) Willingness Survey of Affected Persons


While conducting the socioeconomic survey, the survey team also conducted a
survey of willingness for resettlement, the results of which are as follows:
(i) Awareness: 93.3% of the respondents are aware of this subproject, and
6.7% are not very clear.
(ii) Supportive attitude: 26.7% of the respondents support this subproject very
much, 50% support it, and 23.3% strongly support.
(iii) Degree of impact: 76.7% of the respondents think this subproject has no
adverse impact; 3.4% think this subproject will reduce arable land by land acquisition;
11.7% think it will reduce job opportunities; and 8.3% think the construction of this
subproject will cause noise pollution.
(iv) Resettlement options for production: 80.6% of the respondents ask for cash
compensation without land replacement; 19.4% require that land should be
reallocated and compensation fees should go to the collective. The survey results are
shown in Table 3-14.

Table 3-14 Willingness Survey of Affected Persons


Proportion of selection by
No. Question Answer affected households (%) Total
1 2 3 4 5
Have you heard of
1 (1) Yes; (2) No 93.3 6.7 0 0 0 100
this project?
Source of this (1) Newspaper; (2) Meeting;
2 project and land (3) Neighbor; (4) Relative; (5) 0 13.6 18.5 67.9 0 100
acquisition Social surveyor

27
Proportion of selection by
No. Question Answer affected households (%) Total
1 2 3 4 5
(1) Very much; (2) Yes; (3)
Do you approve of
3 Largely yes; (4) Don’t know; 26.7 50 23.3 0 0 100
this project?
(5) No
Do you think this
(1) Very important; (2)
project is
4 Important; (3) Somewhat; (4) 20 53.3 25 1.7 0 100
important to your
Unimportant; (5) Don’t know
family?
(1) No adverse impact; (2)
What adverse
Reduction of arable land; (3)
impacts do you
Less job opportunities; (4)
5 think will this 76.7 3.4 11.7 8.3 0 100
Noise pollution during
project have on
construction; (5) Increased
you?
irrigation costs
(1) Sufficient irrigation; (2)
Increased gravity irrigation
Which benefits do
area; (3) Improved planting
you think this
6 structure; (4) Optimized 26.7 28.4 31.8 9.7 3.4 100
project will bring
allocation of water resources;
to you?
(5) Improved ecological
environment
Can you accept
your family’s land
7 (1) Yes; (2) No; (3) Don’t know 73.5 1.7 24.8 0 0 100
being acquired for
this project
Do you know the
compensation and
resettlement
8 (1) Yes; (2) Somewhat; (3) No 0 74.1 25.9 0 0 100
policies for land
acquisition and
house demolition?
Willingness for (1) Cash compensation
compensation for without land replacement; (2)
9 land acquisition Land reallocation, with 56.82 43.18 0 0 0 100
compensation fees going to
the collective
(1) Exchange of reclaimed
If you expect cash
land; (2) Industrial
compensation,
restructuring; (3) Work
10 what will you do 19.4 30.3 34.3 16.0 0 100
outside; (4) Secondary and
when you receive
tertiary industries; (5) Other,
it?
specify
What assistance
(1) Skills training; (2)
do you expect
11 Provision of employment 46.9 53.1 0 0 0 100
after land
information; (3) Other, specify
acquisition?
Source: survey by Hohai University survey team

3.4 Ethnic minorities

The affected areas are inhabited by a number of ethnic groups, including Salar,
Hui, Tibetan and Han. Over a long period of fusion and socioeconomic development,
all ethnic groups show mutual respect and coexist equally, taking on a layout of
mixed inhabitation in general and centralized inhabitation in small areas.
Xunhua County is the only Salar autonomous county of China, inhabited by over
80% of the Salar people of the whole country, and composed mainly of Salar and Hui
people, where a small number of Tibetans and Han people are scattered; Hualong
County is inhabited mainly by Hui people, with a small number of Tibetans, Salar and

28
Han people in scattered areas. The survey revealed that attention should be paid to
the following issues for ethnic minorities during resettlement:
Language: Since the local ethnic minorities, especially Salar and Hui people,
have their own languages, and their Putonghua level is low, especially women
who have less contacts with the outside world. It has been found in the survey
that most villagers receive training in the local dialect, especially women.
Religious belief: Both Hui and Salar people believe in Islam. Worship has
become an integral part of their daily life, and most people worship 5 times a
day; at 2:00pm of every major holiday and every Friday, adult men not working
outside would gather at the mosque for a collective worship. There is at least
one mosque in every village. Therefore, housing sites should be so selected
during resettlement that the affected households can attend religious activities
easily.
Division of labor: There is still sexual discrimination among the Salar and Hui
people. The household division of labor in which “men are in charge of external
affairs and women internal affairs” is prevailing. Hui women enjoy slightly higher
family status than Salar women. Restricted by religion, language and customs,
women have less opportunities of working outside, and undertake more
housework and farming instead; ethnic minority women should be paid more
attention to in the livelihood restoration of the households affected by land
acquisition.

3.5 Vulnerable groups

The vulnerable groups affected by this subproject refer to the disabled, five-
guarantee households12, female-headed households, the low-income or poor and
ethnic minorities. According to the survey, the affected population is composed
mainly of ethnic minorities; a detailed ethnic minority development action plan has
been developed, as detailed in the Ethnic Minority Development Plan. Therefore, the
vulnerable groups defined in this subproject are mainly the "five-guarantee"
households, households suffering from illness or disability, female-headed
households and the poor. According to the survey, 145 households or 37.8% of APs
(including: 18 five-guarantee households, households suffering from illness or
disability and female-headed households; and 127 poor or low-income households)
fall into vulnerable groups, who need special attention. See 16.
During the implementation of this subproject, the Qinghai PMO and the county
PMOs will further identify the affected vulnerable groups based on family structure,
labor employment, possession of family resources and other objective conditions, as
well as information from the local civil affairs authorities. Once any affected
household is identified as vulnerable, the implementing agencies will provide special
assistance during resettlement. See Sections 4.7.6 and 5.6 for the poverty relief
measures.

12
Five guarantees are offered to anyone meeting the following conditions: (1) has no legal
fostering obligator; or though has a legal fostering obligator, such obligator has no ability to
foster him/her; (2) has no ability to work; and (3) has no source of income. These guarantees
are food, clothing, medical treatment, housing and burial.

29
Table 3-16 Affected Vulnerable Groups
Unit: household
Five-guarantee,
Poor
Type Town/ Xiang Village female-headed and
households
disabled households
Chahandusi
Dazhuang 0 5
Xiang
Majia 2 14
Jiezi Town
Trunk canals Shenjia 0 1
Shangsihe 0 0
Gandu Town Xiasihe 1 18
Longkang 2 6
Zanzhong 2 7
Zanxia 0 3
Chahandusi
Xinjian 2 8
Xiang
Zhongzhuang 0 3
Branch canals Xiazhuang 0 4
Shabatang 2 12
Jishi Town
Wajiangzhuang 3 11
Gandu Town Dong’er 2 16
Jishi Town Tuoba 2 19
Total 18 127
Source: data of town/xiang statistical stations

3.6 Impacts on women

The survey team surveyed the affected women by way of door-to-door interview,
questionnaire survey and women’s FGDs. In this fieldwork, 320 people in 60
households were interviewed, including 122 female laborers, accounting for 38.1% of
total population, including 85 Salar, 30 Hui, 3 Tibetan and 4 Han women.
Composition of occupations: Based on the occupations taken by women, they
deal mainly with farming, housework, etc. Due to strong religious beliefs, few affected
women work outside the area, and 104 female respondents do not have any
experience of working outside, accounting for 85.5%; those staying home take care
of others (43, accounting for 41.3%), or deal with farming (36, accounting for 34.6%)
or housework (18, accounting for 17.3%); a few women are working outside with their
husbands and relatives; and a few women are working nearby (e.g., Xianhong
Pepper Factory in Jiezi Town, embroidery factory in Wutubeinahai Village).
Income: The occupations taken by women have restricted their economic
income, and the invisible nature of their income prevents their economic status in the
family from being improved. In rural areas, farming, housework and taking care of
others are not deemed to be of economic value; in people’s eyes, only the money
earned by men through employment is counted as economic income. In 24
households, women are the main contributor to household income. Among these 24
households, 14 (58.3%) are poor households, the household income of 18 (75.1%)
“can barely enough for daily expenditure” or “paying debts”, and the annual
household income of 13 (56.5%) is “below 1,200 yuan”.
Social status: “Men are in charge of external affairs and women internal affairs”

30
has become a local tradition, which has been stabilized by religious factors. In these
areas, women cannot attend a worship at the mosque, even for female-headed
households. However, since the mosque is an important place for intercourse and
communication, women are excluded from social intercourse intangibly. When asked
“who decides major household affairs”, 40 in the 60 surveyed households (67.2)
select “husband”, 16 (25.9%) “elderly family member”, and 4 (4.2%) “wife”. When
asked “when a consultation meeting is held in the village, who will attend”, 36
households (59.3%) select “husband”, 14 (23.3%) “elderly family member”, and 10
(11.9%) “wife”. It can be seen that the degree of public participation of women is very
deficient.
It was found in the survey that the following issues are concerns of women,
similar to those of men:
1) They show a strong interest in this subproject, support operations under this
subproject actively, and think this subproject will bring many benefits to them and
their families without any negative impact;
2) Since all the affected households think their land loss is minor, they prefer
cash compensation;
3) Based on the requirement of the affected farming households, compensation
fees should be paid directly to the affected farming households through less
intermediate links;
4) New housing sites should be designed with ethnic characteristics so as to
develop the “courtyard economy”;
5) They expect training on cash crops and Putonghua, and prefer the local
dialect of Putonghua.
Women have the following different concerns from men:
1) Women ask for skills training on crop cultivation and stockbreeding;
2) Young women have the idea of working outside but don’t know how to
realize it, so they expect some training on language and skills.
It has been found that the affected women are low in economic and social
status, and subordinate in the family. However, with more and more adult men
working outside, women are having opportunities to participate in the management of
village-level affairs and the decision-making of daily household affairs. Their social
status is improving.

31
4 Legal Framework and Policies
4.1 Laws, regulations and policies applicable to resettlement

The resettlement policies for this subproject are formulated based on ADB
policies and the applicable laws, regulations and policies of China mainly, including:
1) ADB policy and guidelines
 Involuntary Resettlement Policy, November 1995
 Handbook on Resettlement: A Guide to Good Practice, 1998
 Gender Checklist: Resettlement, February 2003.
2) Laws, regulations and policies of the PRC
 Land Management Law of the People's Republic of China (effective from
January 1, 1999, amended on August 28, 2004)
 Decision of the State Council on Deepening Reform and Exercising Strict
Land Management (Guo Fa [2004] No.28) (October 21, 2004)
 Regulations on Land and Resources Hearing (effective from May 1, 2004)
 Guidelines on Improving Compensation and Resettlement Systems for Land
Acquisition (MLR Fa [2004] No.238) (November 3, 2004)
 Measures for the Administration of Preliminary Examination of Land Used for
Construction Projects (Ministry of Land and Resources Decree No.42)
(January 1, 2009)
 Measures on Public Announcement of Land Acquisition (effective from
January 1, 2002).
3) Provincial policies
 Procedures of Qinghai Province on the Implementation of the Land
Management Law of the People’s Republic of China (October 2006)
 Interim Standards of Qinghai Province for the Compensation for Land
Acquired for Construction of Large and Medium Hydroelectric Stations in the
Upper Yellow River (Provincial Land and Resources Department) (April
2007).
4) Applicable codes and standards
 Standard for classification and flood control of water resources and hydroelectric
projects (SL252-2000)
 Code for design of irrigation and drainage engineering (GB50288-99)
 Compulsory Provisions of Engineering Construction Standards (Water
Conservancy Engineering), 2004 Edition
 Code for organization design of water resources and hydroelectric engineering
construction
 Code for design of land acquisition and resettlement for construction of water
resources and hydropower projects (Shui Guo Ke [2003] No.462) (SL290-2003)
 Current Land Use Classification (GB/T 21010-2007).

4.2 Abstract of ADB's involuntary resettlement policy

The three important elements of the involuntary resettlement policy are (i)
compensation to replace lost assets, livelihood, and income; (ii) assistance for
relocation, including provision of relocation sites with appropriate facilities and
services; and (iii) assistance for restoration to achieve at least the same level of well-

32
being with the project as without it. Some or all of these elements may be present in
a project involving involuntary resettlement. For any ADB operation requiring
involuntary resettlement, resettlement planning is an integral part of project design, to
be dealt with from the earliest stages of the project cycle, taking into account the
following basic principles:
(i) Involuntary resettlement should be avoided whenever feasible.
(ii) Where population displacement is unavoidable, it should be minimized by
providing viable livelihood options.
(iii) Replacing what is lost. If individuals or a community must lose all or part of
their land, means of livelihood, or social support systems, so that a project might
proceed, they will be compensated and assisted through replacement of land,
housing, infrastructure, resources, income sources, and services, in cash or kind, so
that their economic and social circumstances will be at least restored to the pre-
project level. All compensation is based on the principle of replacement cost.
(iv) Each involuntary resettlement is conceived and executed as part of a
development project or program. ADB and executing agencies or project sponsors,
during project preparation, assess opportunities for affected people to share project
benefits. The affected people need to be provided with sufficient resources and
opportunities to reestablish their livelihoods and homes as soon as possible, with
time-bound action in coordination with the civil works.
(v) The affected people are to be fully informed and closely consulted. Affected
people are to be consulted on compensation and/or resettlement options, including
relocation sites, and socioeconomic restoration. Pertinent resettlement information is
to be disclosed to the affected people at key points, and specific opportunities
provided for them to participate in choosing, planning, and implementation options.
Grievance redress mechanisms for affected people are to be established. Where
adversely affected people are particularly vulnerable groups, resettlement planning
decisions will be preceded by a social preparation phase to enhance their
participation in negotiation, planning, and implementation.
(vi) Social and cultural institutions. Institutions of the affected people, and, where
relevant, of their hosts, are to be protected and supported. Affected people are to be
assisted to integrate economically and socially into host communities so that adverse
impacts on the host communities are minimized and social harmony is promoted.
(vii) No formal title. Indigenous groups, ethnic minorities, pastoralists, people
who claim for such land without formal legal rights, and others, who may have
usufruct or customary rights to affected land or other resources, often have no formal
legal title to their lands. The absence of a formal legal title to land is not a bar to ADB
policy entitlements.
(viii) Identification. Affected people are to be identified and recorded as early as
possible in order to establish their eligibility through a population record or census
that serves as an eligibility cutoff date, preferably at the project identification stage, to
prevent a subsequent influx of encroachers or others who wish to take advantage of
such benefits.
(ix) The Poorest. Particular attention must be paid to the needs of the poorest
affected people, and vulnerable groups that may be at high risk of impoverishment.
This may include those without legal title to land or other assets, households headed
by females, the elderly or disabled and other vulnerable groups, particularly
indigenous peoples. Appropriate assistance must be provided to help them improve

33
their socio-economic status.
(x) The full resettlement costs are to be included in the presentation of project
costs and benefits. This includes costs of compensation, relocation and restoration,
social preparation and livelihood programs as well as the incremental benefits over
the without-project situation (these are included in the presentation of project costs
and benefits). The budget also includes costs for planning, management,
supervision, monitoring and evaluation, land taxes, land fees, and physical and price
contingencies. Similarly, resettlement plans should also reflect the timeframe for
resettlement planning and implementation.
(xi) Eligible costs of compensation. Relocation and restoration may be
considered for inclusion in ADB loan financing for the project, if requested, to assure
timely availability of the required resources and to ensure compliance with
involuntary resettlement procedures during implementation.

4.3 Laws, regulations and policies of the PRC

1) State policies
 Provisions of the Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of
China:
Article 2 The People's Republic of China resorts to a socialist public ownership
i.e. an ownership by the whole people and ownerships by collectives, of land. No unit
or individual is allowed to occupy, trade or illegally transfer land by other means.
Land use right may be transferred by law. The State may requisition land owned by
collectives according to law on public interests. The State introduces the system of
compensated use of land owned by the State except the land has been allocated for
use by the State according to law.
Article 45 The requisition of the following land shall be approved by the State
Council: 1. Basic farmland; 2. Land exceeding 35 hectares outside the basic
farmland; 3. Other land exceeding 70 hectares.
Article 46 For the acquisition of land by the State the local people's governments
at and above the county level shall make an announcement and organize the
implementation after the approval according to the legal procedures. Owners or
users of the land requisitioned should, within the time limit specified in the
announcement, go through the compensation registration for requisitioned land with
the land administrative departments of the local people's governments on the
strength of the land certificate.
Article 47 In requisitioning land, compensation should be made according to the
original purposes of the land requisitioned.
Compensation fees for land requisitioned include land compensation fees,
resettlement fees and compensation for attachments to or green crops on the land.
The land compensation fees shall be 6-10 times the average output value of the
three years preceding the requisition of the cultivated land. The resettlement fee shall
be calculated according to the number of agricultural population to be resettled. The
number of agricultural population to be resettled shall be calculated by dividing the
amount of cultivated land requisitioned by the per capital land occupied of the unit
whose land is requisitioned. The resettlement fees for each agricultural person to be
resettled shall be 4-6 times the average annual output value of the three years
preceding the requisition of the cultivated land. But the maximum resettlement fee

34
per hectare of land requisitioned shall not exceed 15 times of the average annual
output value of the three years prior to the requisition.
Whereas the land compensation fees and resettlement fees paid according to
the provisions of the second paragraph of this article are not enough to maintain the
original level of living, the resettlement fees may be increased with the approval of
the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. But
the combined total of land compensation fees and resettlement fees shall not exceed
30 times the average output value of the three years prior to the requisition.
Article 57 In the case of temporary using State-owned land or land owned by
peasant collectives by construction projects or geological survey teams, approval
should be obtained from the land administrative departments of local people's
governments at and above the county level. Whereas the land to be temporarily used
is within the urban planned areas, the consent of the urban planning departments
should be obtained before being submitted for approval. Land users should sign
contracts for temporary use of land with related land administrative departments or
rural collective organizations or villagers committees depending on the ownership of
the land and pay land compensation fees for the temporary use of the land according
to the standard specified in the contracts.
 Provisions of Guidelines on Improving Compensation and Resettlement
Systems for Land Acquisition
1. Compensation standards for land acquisition
(1) Fixation of uniform annual output value standards: The provincial land and
resources authorities shall fix the minimum uniform annual output value standards for
arable land of each county (city) in the province, report to the provincial people’s
government for approval before publication and enforcement. Uniform annual output
value standards may be fixed by reference to the type and quality of the arable land
acquired, farmers’ investment in land, farm produce prices and farmland grade, etc.
(2) Fixation of uniform annual output value multiples: The uniform annual output
value multiples for land compensation fees and resettlement subsidy shall be fixed
with the range stipulated by law provided the land-expropriated farmers’ original
standard of living is not reduced; if the land compensation and resettlement fees
calculated on the statutory uniform annual output value multiples are unable to
maintain the original standard of the land-expropriated farmers, and insufficient to
cover the expenses of social security for land-expropriated farmers arising from land
acquisition, the multiples shall be increased with the approval of the provincial
people’s government; if land compensation fees and resettlement subsidy calculated
at 30 times in total are still unable to maintain the original standard of living of land-
expropriated farmers, the local people’s governments shall appropriate a percentage
of the income from compensated use of state land under unified planning for
subsidization. If occupation of basic farmland is approved pursuant to law, the
compensation for land acquisition shall conform to the highest compensation
standards published by the local people’s governments.
2. Channels of resettlement of land-expropriated farmers
The Opinions point out that the main channels of resettlement of land-
expropriated farmers include resettlement for agricultural production, resettlement by
reemployment, resettlement by dividend distribution and non-local resettlement.

3. Working procedure of land acquisition

35
According to the Opinions, the following procedure should be followed during
land acquisition: notification of land acquisition; confirmation of land acquisition
survey results; and organization of hearing on land acquisition.
4. Supervision over land acquisition
According to the Opinions, the supervision over land acquisition shall include the
following: disclosure of items of land acquisition approval; payment of land
compensation and resettlement fees; and supervision and examination after approval
of land acquisition.
 Applicable provisions of the Circular of the State Council on Intensifying the
Land Control:
1. During compensation and resettlement for land acquisition, land-
expropriated farmers’ original standard of living shall not be reduced, and their long-
term livelihoods protected.
2. The total price for transfer of rights to use state land shall be brought into the
local budget and paid into the local treasury in full, and managed by the “receipt and
expenditure” lines. For the total price of land transfer, land compensation fees,
resettlement subsidy, compensation fees for ground attachments and crops and
relocation compensation fees must first be paid in full, and used to cover any
deficiency in the social security funds for land-expropriated farmers, while the
remaining sum shall be used increasingly for agricultural land development and rural
infrastructure construction, for the construction of low-rent residential houses and
supporting facilities for state land uses.
3. The payment standards of land royalties for additional land for construction
shall be increased. The scope of payment of such royalties shall be based on the
actual area of additional land for construction.
4. If any farmland is to be turned into land for construction, the overall plan for
land utilization, the urban overall plan and the village and town plan must be
complied with, and included in the annual land utilization plan, and the approval
formalities for conversion of farmland shall be settled pursuant to law.
2) Local policies
 Applicable provisions of the Procedures of Qinghai Province on the
Implementation of the Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of
China:
Article 17 People’s governments at all levels shall prepare annual land
utilization plans of their respective administrative divisions pursuant to law and in
accordance with the following provisions: (1) The total amount and speed of land for
construction shall be controlled, and arable land protected based on the overall plan
for land utilization; (2) Land shall be utilized rationally and effectively with demand
guided by land supply; (3) Land for key State and provincial construction projects,
and infrastructure projects shall be guaranteed; and (4) The ecological environment
shall be protected and improved to ensure the sustainable utilization of land
resources.
Article 31 Land occupied by construction projects shall comply with the overall
plan for land utilization and the annual land utilization plan.
If any construction project can utilize barren land, no arable land shall be
occupied; if inferior land can be utilized, no superior land shall be occupied.
Construction projects and rural pastoral housing sites are encouraged to use unused
land.

36
Article 32 The pre-examination system for land for construction projects shall
apply. Land and resources, development and reform, and other administrative
authorities shall notify the project owner to carry out preliminary work and file a pre-
examination application for land use.
The land administrative authorities shall not allow any construction project not
complying with the overall plan for land utilization or that has not obtained a planning
quota for conversion of farmland to pass the land use pre-examination.
When the land user of any construction project applies for approval and
registration with development and reform and other administrative authorities, it shall
attach the pre-examination opinion on land use of such project. If there is no pre-
examination opinion or the pre-examination is not passed, the competent
administrative authorities shall not approve and register such project.
Article 33 If the land occupied for any construction project involves the
conversion of farmland into land for construction, the approval formalities for
conversion of farmland shall be settled pursuant to law.
Occupation of farmland shall be reported to the State Council for approval if: (1)
Any construction project approved by the State Council, any road, pipeline project or
large infrastructure construction project approved by the provincial people’s
government occupies farmland; (2) Xining Municipality is within the range of land for
construction defined in the overall plan for land utilization, and farmland is occupied
for the implementation of this plan. Any land for construction other than specified
above involves the conversion of farmland shall be reported to the provincial people’s
government for approval.
Article 34 If any approved construction project needs to use any state land for
construction within the range of urban land for construction defined in the overall plan
for land utilization, such project shall be approved by the Xining municipal and county
(municipal) people’s governments. The land for any energy, traffic or water resources
infrastructure construction project approved by the State Council and the provincial
people’s government shall be approved by the provincial people’s government.
Any approved construction project that uses less than 10 hectares of unused
state land shall be approved by the county (municipal) people’s government; any
project that uses 10 hectares or more and less than 20 hectares of land shall be
approved by the prefecture (municipal) people’s government and the Administrative
Office of Haidong Region; any project that uses over 20 hectares of land shall be
approved by the provincial people’s government. The land for any key state
construction projects, military facility or cross-provincial construction project shall be
reported to the State Council for approval.
Article 35 The land for any State or provincial key project, any traffic, energy
or water resources project funded by the state, any road approved by the provincial
people’s government, any pipeline project or large infrastructure construction project
shall be acquired by the provincial land administrative authorities in a unified manner.
Article 36 Before land acquisition is reported for approval pursuant to law, the
land administrative authorities shall announce the use and position of the proposed
plot, the compensation standards and the method of resettlement, etc.
Article 38 After any land acquired is approved through the statutory
procedure, the Xining municipal and county (municipal) people’s governments shall
organize land acquisition through the following procedure: (1) Publish a land
acquisition announcement in the xiang (town) and village where the acquired land is

37
located; (2) the owner and user of the acquired land shall go through the registration
formalities for compensation for land acquisition with the certificate of title to land and
ground attachments within the period specified in the announcement; (3) The land
administrative authorities shall draft the compensation and resettlement plan for land
acquisition together with the competent authorities based on the approved land
acquisition plan and the checked registration of compensation for land acquisition,
and publish it in the xiang (town) and village where the acquired land is located to
listen to opinions from rural collective economic organization of the acquired land.
The compensation and resettlement plan for land acquisition shall specify land
compensation fees, resettlement subsidy and compensation fees for young crops
and attachments, etc.; (4) After the compensation and resettlement plan for land
acquisition is submitted to the Xining municipal and county (municipal) people’s
governments for approval, it shall be submitted to the provincial land administrative
authorities for reference; (5) The land compensation fees, resettlement subsidy and
compensation fees for young crops and attachments shall be paid in full within 3
months from the date of approval of the compensation and resettlement plan for land
acquisition.
Article 39 The compensation for land acquisition shall be determined based
on the original use of the acquired land. The land compensation fees and
resettlement subsidy for acquisition of arable land shall be determined in accordance
with the Land Management Law and the applicable provisions of the State Council.
The compensation fee standards for young crops and attachments on the acquired
land, the land compensation fee and resettlement subsidy standards for other land
than arable land and the specific implementation measures shall be formulated by
the provincial people’s government.
Article 45 If temporary land occupation is required for project construction or
geologic investigation, the land user shall report to the Xining municipal and county
(municipal) people’s governments the land administrative authorities for approval.
The land user shall grant compensation year by year based on the range of impact,
type and annual output value of the temporarily occupied land, and reinstate it to the
original state and cultivation conditions upon expiry of the approved land use, and
return it to the former user. The term of temporary land use shall be usually not more
than two years.
 Applicable provisions of the Interim Standards of Qinghai Province for the
Compensation for Land Acquired for Construction of Large and Medium
Hydroelectric Stations in the Upper Yellow River:
1. Principle of compensation
Land acquired (occupied) in a resettlement area out of the Yellow River valley
shall be compensated for in accordance with the local uniform annual output value
standards13 in combination with the compensatory prices of compensation multiple
and attachments; houses on the acquired land shall be assessed for structural type,
grade and condition by reference to demolished urban houses.
If rural migrants are resettled centrally in the same county by land development
or replacement, the county people’s government shall pay the land compensation
fees, resettlement subsidy and compensation fees for collective properties directly to
the economic organization of such village collective or the village committee in full.
13
Arable land, woodland, gardens and housing sites shall be compensated for at 1,040
yuan/year-mu, while barren land and flood land at 110 yuan/year-mu.

38
2. Compensation standards for land acquisition and house demolition
(1) The sum of land compensation fees and resettlement subsidy for arable land
shall be 20 times the uniform annual output value standard of this land. Crop
compensation fees shall be one time the uniform annual output value standard of
equivalent arable land in the same area.
(2) Gardens shall be compensated for at the compensation standard of arable
land of the same conditions in the same area.
(3) Woodland compensation fees and resettlement subsidy shall be 6 times the
uniform annual output value of arable land of the same conditions in the same area.
(4) If collective barren grassland is acquire, the compensation standard shall be
one time the uniform annual output value of the arable land to be acquired for the
hydroelectric station for agricultural areas.
(5) Temporary land use shall be compensated for at the uniform annual output
value of similar land in the same area and for the actual period of use; Attachments
on temporarily used land shall be compensated for by reference to the standard for
attachments on land acquired (occupied).
(6) If there are different compensation standards in different areas occupied by
the same hydroelectric station or inundated by the same reservoir, the higher
standard shall apply.
(7) If such standards are to be adjusted due to any state law, regulation or
policy or any economic development factor, they shall be adjusted according to the
specific procedure.

4.4 Main differences between ADB Involuntary Resettlement Policy and


laws of the PRC

Compensation for houses


 Difference: ADB's policy requires compensation standards for replacement
costs. Laws of the PRC think depreciation is reasonable, and the
compensation standard for an old house should be lower than that for a
new house of the same structure.
 Solution: Compensation standards are based on replacement costs in all
ADB financed projects.
Compensation for land
 Difference: ADB's policy requires that compensation should be sufficient to
offset any income loss, and restore long-term income-generating potential.
Chinese standards are based on average annual output value, but may be
unrelated to the cost of income restoration.
 Solution: The early-stage solution is to provide replacement land, when this
is possible. Cash compensation is the preferred choice of most people,
though they cannot guarantee the reasonable use of these compensation
fees. Therefore, further technical support is required to monitor the income
of seriously affected households, especially those of vulnerable groups.
Compensation for resettlement of vulnerable groups
 Difference: ADB's policy requires that special compensation is granted to all
vulnerable groups, especially seriously affected households faced with
impoverishment. Chinese provisions do not require social analysis of APs,

39
and compensation is based only on the quantity of loss.
 Solution: Special funds are available to assist the vulnerable groups, who
will be identified during the detailed survey. All measures have been
specified in this Resettlement Plan.
Consultation and publication
 Difference: ADB's policy requires the affected people are aware of all
relevant information, and consulted with as soon as possible. Chinese
provisions have improved the transparency of disclosure and
compensation. However, the affected people do not play a strong role in
project decision-making, and the disclosure period is usually too short.
 Solution: Consultation has begun at the early stage (before and during
technical assistance). The Qinghai PMO agrees to disclose this
Resettlement Plan to the affected people as required by ADB.
Lack of legal title
 Difference: ADB's policy requires all demolished houses, whether lawful or
unlawful, shall be compensated. According to Chinese laws, people without
local registered residence may not be entitled to the same compensation as
local people. In addition, the prevailing Chinese laws stipulate that no
compensation shall be provided for the acquisition of land and houses of
unlawful owners.
 Solution: For ADB financed project, all affected people, whether lawful or
unlawful, whether having ownership or right to use, will be protected. The
same compensation standards will be applied, because there are likely to
be few cases for this Project.
Resettlement monitoring, evaluation and reporting
 Difference: ADB requires internal and external resettlement monitoring.
However, there is no such requirement in Chinese laws, expect for reservoir
projects.
 Solution: Internal and external resettlement monitoring systems have been
established for all ADB financed projects, and have been included in this
Resettlement Plan. The requirements for internal and external reporting are
specified in this Resettlement Plan.

4.5 Principles for compensation of this subproject

The principles for compensation and entitlement of this subproject have been
formulated in accordance with the laws, regulations and policies of the Chinese
government and ADB, with the aim of ensuring that displaced persons can obtain
sufficient compensation and assistance measures so that their production and
livelihoods are at least restored to pre-displacement levels. The principles for
resettlement of this subproject are shown in Table 4-6.

Table 4-6 Principles for Resettlement of this Subproject


Principles
1 Involuntary resettlement should be avoided where feasible.
2 The affected people are granted compensation and rights that can at least

40
Principles
maintain or even improve their livelihoods in the absence of the project.
The affected people are given compensation and assistance in resettlement
3
whether legal title is available or not.
If the land available is insufficient to maintain his/her livelihood, replacement in
4 cash or in kind and other income-generating activities are provided for the lost
land.
Ethnic minorities are encouraged to participate in the preparation and
5 implementation of the resettlement plan, and measures for house rebuilding and
income restoration are designed in a way culturally adapted to ethnic minorities.
The affected people fully understand their entitlements, the method and standard
6 of compensation, the livelihood and income restoration plan, and the project
schedule, and participate in the implementation of this Resettlement Plan.
No land should be acquired before the affected people are satisfied with the
7
compensation and resettlement (plan).
The executing agency and an independent agency / third party should monitor
8
the compensation, relocation and resettlement operations.
The vulnerable groups (including women) are provided special assistance or
9 treatment so that they lead a better life, and all affected people should have an
opportunity to benefit from the project.
This Resettlement Plan is consistent with the master plans of the affected
10
counties and towns.
11 The resettlement expenses are sufficient to cover all affected aspects.

4.6 Cut-off date of compensation

The cut-off date for definition of eligibility for compensation is June 30, 2009;
local people have already been notified. Newly reclaimed arable land, newly built
houses or settlement in the affected areas of the affected people will not be included
in the scope of compensation or subsidization after the cut-off date. Any house built
or tree planted after this date for extra compensation only will not be included.

4.7 Determination of compensation standards for resettlement impacts


of this subproject

4.7.1 Acquisition of collective land

According to the Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of China, the
Guidelines on Improving Compensation and Resettlement Systems for Land
Acquisition, the Interim Standards of Qinghai Province for the Compensation for Land
Acquired for Construction of Large and Medium Hydroelectric Stations in the Upper
Yellow River and other applicable policies and regulations, land compensation fees
shall be calculated based on uniform annual output value (2006, 2007 and 2008). If
there are different compensation standards in different areas, the higher standard
shall apply. Compensation fees for acquisition of arable land include land
compensation fees, resettlement subsidy and crop compensation fees.
The existing canal land will be used for branch canal construction where
possible; if new rural collective land is to be occupied for branch canal construction,

41
the compensation standard shall be the same as that for land acquisition for the trunk
canals.
The compensation standards for acquisition of rural collective land in the
affected counties are shown in Table 4-7.

42
Table 4-7 Compensation Multiples and Standards for Collective Land Acquisition - by County
Annual output Multiple Compensation standard (yuan/mu)
County Type of land Land Resettlement Crop Land Resettlement Crop
value (yuan/mu) compensation subsidy compensation Subtotal compensation subsidy compensation Subtotal
Irrigated land 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Abandoned land 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Dry land 680 10 10 1 21 6,800 6,800 680 14,280
Garden 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Woodland 1,040 3 3 1 7 3,120 3,120 1,040 7,280
Xunhua Barren land 110 5 4 0 9 550 440 0 990
Flood land 110 5 4 0 9 550 440 0 990
Housing site 1,040 10 10 0 20 10,400 10,400 0 20,800
Other land for
1,040 1 1 0 2 1,040 1,040 0 2,080
construction
Dry land 680 10 10 1 21 6,800 6800 680 14,280
Irrigated land 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Abandoned land 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Dry land 680 10 10 1 21 6,800 6,800 680 14,280
Garden 1,040 10 10 1 21 10,400 10,400 1,040 21,840
Woodland 1,040 3 3 1 7 3,120 3,120 1,040 7,280
Hualong
Barren land 110 5 4 0 9 550 440 0 990
Flood land 110 5 4 0 9 550 440 0 990
Housing site 1,040 10 10 0 20 10,400 10,400 0 20,800
Other land for
1,040 1 1 0 2 1,040 1,040 0 2,080
construction
Village
Receiver Individual Individual
collective

43
4.7.2 Compensation for Temporary Land Occupation

According to the provisions of the state and Qinghai Province on temporary land
occupation, land temporarily occupied will be compensated for at the annual output
value of the land for the period of impact.
Compensation fees for temporary land occupation include compensation for
young crops/ground attachments, and land reclamation fee. To reduce the impact of
land acquisition on young crops, this subproject will be constructed after harvest or
before seeding as the case may be.
According to the construction design, the period of temporary land occupation
will be based on the actual period of occupation, usually 2 years, and reclamation fee
is 2,600 yuan/mu for cultivated land, while there is no reclamation fee for other land.
The compensation standards for temporary land occupation are shown in Table 4-8.

Table 4-8 Compensation Standards for Temporary Land Occupation


Temporary land occupation
County Land type Compensation fee
Reclamation fee (yuan/mu)
(yuan/mu· year)
Irrigated land 1,040 2,600
Abandoned land 1,040 2,600
Vegetable plot 1,040 2,600
Garden 1,040 2,600
Woodland 1,040 2,600
Xunhua
Barren land 110 0
Flood land 110 0
Housing site 1,040 0
Other land for
1,040 0
construction
Irrigated land 1,040 2,600
Abandoned land 1,040 2,600
Vegetable plot 1,040 2,600
Garden 1,040 2,600
Woodland 1,040 2,600
Hualong
Barren land 110 0
Flood land 110 0
Housing site 1,040 0
Other land for
1,040 0
construction

4.7.3 Compensation for rural house demolition

The replacement costs for houses of different types shall be determined


according to the pertinent provisions by reference to the actual prices of the main
types of the affected houses and the compensation standards for similar past

44
projects, as shown in Table 4-4.

Table 4-9 Compensation Standards for Rural Residential Houses and Attachments
Category Structural type Unit Xunhua Hualong
Reinforced concrete yuan/m2 676 676
Masonry-concrete yuan/m2 487 487
House
Masonry-timber yuan/m2 416 416
compensation
Earth-timber and
yuan/m2 392 392
other
Moving subsidy yuan/household 1,500 1,500
Other
Living allowance for
compensation yuan/household 800 800
transition period

4.7.4 Compensation for attachments and infrastructure

The compensation standards for attachments and infrastructure affected by this


subproject shall be determined on the replacement cost principle, as shown in Table
4-10.

Table 4-10 Compensation Standards for Attachments and Infrastructure


Item Unit Xunhua Hualong
Enclosure m2 19.33 19.33
Gate tower / 800 800
Toilet / 180 180
Stockyard / 78 78
Parterre m2 6.3 6.3
Sapling / 20 20
Small tree / 100 100
Big tree / 400 400

4.7.5 Standards for other costs

The standards for other costs are shown in Table 4-11.

Table 4-11 Tax Standards for Resettlement of this Subproject


Charging standard
No. Item Basis
Xunhua Hualong
Circular on the Average Amount
of Farmland Occupation Tax
Farmland
1 12.5 yuan/m2 12.5 yuan/m2 and Time of Incurrence of the
occupation tax
Obligation of Tax Payment (Cai
Shui [2007] No.176)
Farmland
2 3,200 yuan/mu 3,200 yuan/mu Qing Cai Zong [2004] No.1055
reclamation fee
3 Surveying, design 3% of basic 3% of basic

45
Charging standard
No. Item Basis
Xunhua Hualong
and research
resettlement expenses resettlement expenses
expenses
Administrative 5% of basic 5% of basic
4
expenses resettlement expenses resettlement expenses
Technical training 3% of basic 3% of basic
5
expenses resettlement expenses resettlement expenses
External
monitoring and 4% of basic 4% of basic
6
evaluation resettlement expenses resettlement expenses
expenses
Contingency 10% of resettlement 10% of resettlement
7
expenses expenses expenses

4.7.6 Vulnerable groups

In addition to the above compensation policy for land acquisition, the vulnerable
groups affected by this subproject are also entitled to some other preferential
policies:
(1) Vocational training will be given to the labor force in the households of
vulnerable groups, and employment information and guidance will also be provided
to increase their job opportunities;
(2) During the construction of this subproject, the labor force in the households
of vulnerable groups will be given priority to in the recruitment for unskilled jobs;
(3) A special supporting fund will be set up in cooperation with the labor and
social security authorities of affected counties to provide assistance at 5% of the
resettlement expenses of this subproject.
(4) If possible, land for replacement should be offered to disadvantaged groups
first.
The supporting measures for vulnerable groups are shown in Table 4-12.

4.7.7 Resettlement measures for women

In addition to the policies for land compensation, special resettlement measures


have been designed for women:
1) Opportunities of prior employment are available, and 30% unskilled job
opportunities will be provided to women.
2) The priority in receiving free technical training is available. 2,000 person-times
will be trained, with not less than 1,000 person-times (50%) for female labor.
3) The affected people can have access to relevant information during
resettlement, and participate in consultation and resettlement.
4) The compensation agreement must be signed by the couple.
5) Encourage the participation of WUAs and FPTA .

46
4.7.8 Entitlement matrix

Table 4-7 summaries the compensation and policies and entitlements by


resettlement impact.

47
Table 4-12 Entitlement Matrix
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
The villagers meet to decide the allocation
of funds, the adjustment of land and
1) Land compensation fees and resettlement subsidy
Land 129 households income-generating investment activities,
671.50 mu of collective will be paid to the collective economic organization of
acquisition (636 people) in 26 e.g., improvement of cultivation/irrigation
land, including 36.39 mu this village in full.
for trunk villages in 5 techniques and operating skills training.
of arable land 2) Ground attachment and crop compensation fees will
canals towns/xiangs The local government supervises village-
belong to their respective owners.
level restoration plans and training
programs.
1) Newly added irrigated land will be first allocated to The villagers meet to decide the allocation
households affected by land occupation for branch of funds, the adjustment of land and
Land canals; income-generating investment activities,
occupation 155.76 mu, including 227 households 2) The existing canal land will be used for branch e.g., improvement of cultivation/irrigation
for branch 53.99 mu of arable land (1,118 people). canal construction where possible; if new rural techniques and operating skills training.
canals collective land is to be occupied for branch canal If the canal is <2 meters wide, it still has to
construction, the compensation standard shall be the be compensated, but not formally acquired
same as that for land acquisition for the trunk canals. from the collective.
The land should be approved, and barren land should Compensation fees are notified and paid
Temporary be used if available in advance, land reclamation is supervised
land 91.97 mu. / After the end of land occupation, the temporarily by local farmers and the land
occupation occupied land will be reinstated to the original administrative bureau.
condition
Demolition Demolition of 815.61 m2 3 households (27 1) House compensation: calculated at replacement The village committee discusses the
of residential of rural residential people). costs of different structural types and quality standards selection of housing sites with the affected
houses houses 2) The affected people will receive a moving subsidy households.
and a transition fee. Try to rebuild new houses before
3) Housing sites will be provided and allocated to each demolishing the old.

48
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
household before house demolition.
4) No house registration fee shall be charged;
5) Houses will be built according to ethnic customs.
1) Opportunities of prior employment are available,
and 30% unskilled job opportunities will be provided to
women.
2) The priority in receiving free technical training is
available. 2,000 person-times will be trained, with not The women’s association will provide
less than 1,000 person-times (50%) for female labor. awareness and livelihood training.
Women /
3) The affected people can have access to relevant Equal pay for equal work for men and
information during resettlement, and participate in women; no child labor
consultation and resettlement.
4) The compensation agreement must be signed by
the couple.
5)participate WUAs and FPTA.
Vulnerable The number of households of vulnerable
groups 1) The village collective will retain the land groups will be rechecked at the detailed
compensation fees and resettlement subsidy of five- surveying and delimitation stage, and their
1) Disabled, five- guarantee households to provide monthly living standard of living monitored up to the
guarantee and female- 18 households allowance and free medical treatment; completion of resettlement.
headed households 2) A special allowance will be granted to the disabled; These measures will be implemented at
3) Priority will be given to the training and employment 1% of the basic resettlement budget,
of the labor of these households. which can come from contingency
expenses.
2) Low-income or poor 127 households 1) Skills training is provided to 2 family members,
households (below the including at least one woman; priority in employment

49
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
will be offered (e.g., job or construction of this
subproject).
national poverty line) 2) Additional irrigated land will be allocated first if
possible.
3) The local government provides subsidy.
1) The affected special facilities will be compensated
for by the implementing agencies to property owners,
Special
and then restored by property owners, or restored by
facilities and 8 types, including gate the implementing agencies according to the original
Property owner
ground tower and tree standard and size.
attachments 2) The compensation for ground attachments shall be
calculated in accordance with the pertinent provisions.
Free of charge. All costs reasonably incurred will be
Complaints
/ All affected people disbursed from the contingency expenses of this Grievance mechanism will be established.
and appeals subproject.

50
5 Resettlement and Income Restoration
5.1 Purpose and principles of resettlement

5.1.1 Purpose

The purpose of resettlement of this subproject is to design a resettlement and


restoration action plan for the people affected by this subproject, so that they benefit
from this subproject, and their standard of living is improved or at least restored after
the completion of this subproject.

5.1.2 Principles

Based on the objectives of this Resettlement Plan, an array of principles for


resettlement and restoration should be paid attention to.
a) Production and income restoration
 Respect the willingness of the affected households, and maintain their
existing production and living traditions;
 To ensure sustainable development, resettlement and restoration plans
should give consideration to village and team building, resources, economic
development and environmental protection.
 Ensure that the affected vulnerable groups can improve their standard of
living.
 The areas affected by land occupation for the branch canals should make up
the amount of land occupied by the branch canals through acquisition-
compensation balance.
b) House rebuilding
 The affected households may select a mode of house rebuilding on
themselves—unified planning or scattered resettlement at different locations.
The new resettlement location will be determined by the village collective
and the relocated households together.
 New housing sites required for house rebuilding shall be offered to the
relocated households free of charge, which may also obtain a moving
subsidy.
 It will take at least 2 months to rebuild a house. The relocated households
can make use of the materials of their former houses freely without any
deduction from their compensation fees.
 80% of the compensation fees for house demolition must be paid to the
displaced persons before relocation, and the remaining 20% upon
relocation.
 During house rebuilding, the relocated households should pay for any
additional house area or improved house quality. When deciding if or not to
increase house area or improve house quality, the relocated households
should consider their own financial strength and the local regulations.
 During house rebuilding and relocation, the village committee, the local
town/xiang government and the PMO will provide necessary assistant to
relocated households with difficulties.

51
5.2 Resettlement and restoration plans for affected villages

5.2.1 Summary of resettlement impacts and key restoration issues

The main impact of this subproject is permanent land acquisition. In total, 827.26
mu of collective land will be permanently affected by this subproject, of which arable
area is 90.48 mu, affecting 15 villages and 1,754 people in 356 households. The
other 21 villages affected by land acquisition will only lose gardens, woodland,
housing sites, other land for construction and unused land. The overall loss rate of
acquisition / occupation of arable land by this project is 0.54% at the village level.
Since this subproject involves the reconstruction of canals in a linear form, the
population affected by land acquisition will only lose part of their land. According to
the socioeconomic survey, a comparative analysis was made of the arable land of
the 15 affected villages before and after land acquisition: the loss rate of arable land
acquisition is up to 3.8%. According to the field survey, since there is a serious
shortage of water, and there are often water disputes due to difficulties in irrigation or
drinking, almost all the affected farming households support this subproject; the
affected households also think even if they were affected by land acquisition and
house demolition, since land acquisition is caused by canal construction under this
subproject, the canals are distributed in a linear form, and little arable land is
acquired, most of the population affected by land acquisition will only lose part of
their land, and the land loss rate of all the affected households is below 10%. After
this subproject is completed, the affected households may make up their income loss
arising from land acquisition by irrigating their abandoned land and by adjusting their
agricultural and industrial structure. Therefore, land acquisition will have little impact
on the agricultural production and income of farmers (See Section 3.2.1 for the
impact analysis of land acquisition).
The branch canals of this subproject are also divided into south branch canals
and north branch canals. The south branch canals affect 6 villages in Chahandusi
Xiang, 1 villages in Jiezi Town and 2 villages in Jishi Town; the north branch canals
affect 5 villages in Gandu Town and 4 villages in Jishi Town, 18 villages in 4
towns/xiangs in total. According to the Current Land Use Classification, land
occupied by ditches and canals with a width of <2 meters in northern regions can be
regarded as farmland. In the project design, the branch canals will utilize the existing
canals as much as possible to minimize resettlement impacts; on the other hand,
according to the resettlement impacts and the socioeconomic survey, land
occupation for the branch canals has little impact. The restoration plan for land
occupation for the branch canals is also consistent with that for land occupation for
the trunk canal. The following principles shall also be applied:
1) After this subproject is completed, newly reclaimed arable land available will
be first allocated to affected households;
2) The existing canal land will be used for branch canal construction where
possible14; if new rural collective land is to be occupied for branch canal construction,
the compensation standard shall be the same as that for land acquisition for the trunk
canals.
Land acquisition for the construction of this project has varying impacts on
different villages. Therefore, a restoration plan has been developed based on the
14
No compensation is needed if the existing canal land is used.

52
degree of impact, the availability of remaining land resources and the willingness of
the affected people. Through adequate consultation with the village committees and
the displaced persons during the socioeconomic survey, different economic
restoration plans have been decided. According to a sampling survey of the
resettlement of willingness 60 households, the displaced persons will use
compensation fees as the capital of growing local characteristic cash crops or doing
business, the travel cost for working outside, or funds for buying farm machinery,
reducing education and learning skills, etc.
As discussed above, for the affected villages and households, the impact of land
acquisition is minor, and the degree of impact is even. After land acquisition, the
affected people will still have an adequate amount of arable land, so most of the
affected village committees and relocated households prefer direct cash
compensation.

5.2.2 Restoration measures for permanently acquired or occupied land

The livelihood restoration measures against resettlement impacts for the


affected people mainly include:
a) Direct cash compensation: Determine the compensation standards for land
acquisition and the amount of arable land lost in strict accordance with the applicable
state and local policies, and pay compensation fees timely to the affected households
directly. The compensation fees received by the affected households can be used to
plant the abandoned lands, grow more cash crops, develop household stockbreeding
and to deal with nonagricultural production activities.
b) Use newly reclaimed barren land for replacement. Since this subproject is
an irrigation project, it will improve the irrigation conditions of the affected areas.
According to the survey, almost all the affected villages have a farmland reclamation
plan. Some affected households prefer using newly reclaimed barren land to make
up the acquired land.
c) Agricultural restructuring: The villages will adjust their crop cultivation and
stockbreeding structure using their geographic location and market conditions to
increase agricultural income. For example, Jiezi Town, Xunhua County is known for
chilli, and Bright Red Pepper Factory is a famous enterprise. This advantage can be
utilized to expand the cultivation of chilli; both Xunhua and Hualong Counties are
suitable for growing walnut, which is profitable, where the size of cultivation of walnut
can be expanded; many people in Xunhua and Hualong Counties raise cattle and
sheep, where cattle and sheep fattening farms can be set up.
d) Use land compensation fees for tertiary industries. Villagers may use land
compensation fees as the startup capital for investment in stores, restaurants,
transport and tourism in order to increase household income while realizing labor
transfer.
e) Use land compensation fees as funds for skills training (funded by the
project agencies and the competent government authorities). Since there are many
ethnic minority people there, who are generally not skilled in Putonghua, their ability
to work outside is restricted to some extent, and they also lack labor skills for
employment. The villagers may use land compensation fees for training on
Putonghua and labor skills (hand-drawn noodles, woodworking and transport, etc.) in
order to seek for employment opportunities.

53
In the meantime, during the construction of this subproject, the implementing
agencies will take some assistance and supporting measures, including:
a) During construction, the affected people will be arranged for labor service
with priority, which will bring cash income to the affected people.
b) All labor export projects within the affected county will give priority to the
affected people.
c) During the whole production restoration process, technical training will be
organized for the affected people, such as Putonghua training, training on the
cultivation of cash crops and stockbreeding. Technicians from the agricultural and
labor and social security authorities will be invited to give training on agriculture and
cultivation in the affected areas, so that every affected farming household can receive
at least one session of agricultural or nonagricultural technical training. These
measures will serve to improve the quality and output of crops, increase the
economic income of the affected people, and restore their livelihoods.

5.2.3 Resettlement measures for demolished residential houses

This subproject involves 7 people in 1 household in Majia Village and 20 people


in 2 relocated households in Shenjia Village, Jiezi Town, Xunhua County, all being
Salar households. According to the survey, all the 3 households in Majia and
Shenjia Villages involve overall house demolition. According to the residential
habits of the local people, new houses should also be built in the form of estate,
which requires a large housing site area.
 Resettlement measures for Majia Village
According to the survey, the local residents live in an estate-like residential unit,
which is rectangular, with a 3-5m high and 50-80cm thick yellow earth or masonry
wall that encloses all rooms and courtyards. Except the only gate, there is no other
opening on the enclosure wall. Rooms are arranged on 2, 3 or 4 sides of the
enclosure wall, where a basic unit consists of one living room and two bedrooms,
arranged at the center, with kitchens, store rooms, stockyards and other rooms at
the 4 corners; a parterre is provided in each courtyard to grow fruit trees,
vegetables and flowers. An estate usually occupies about 1 mu of land. This
household in Majia Village has a demolition area of 320.67 m2, affecting a housing
site area of 472.01 m2. This household has the following opinions for resettlement
for house demolition:
a) In addition to cash compensation, the government should allocate or
coordinate a serviced housing site for self-building;
b) The requirement for the housing site is it has a large area and be close to
the former site because the Salar people have the habit of making worship.
 Resettlement measures for Shenjia Village
Both Shenjia and Majia Villages are affiliated to Jiezi Town, and all affected
households are Salar people with the same residential habits. In Shenjia Village, 2
households are affected, with a total house demolition area of 512.94 m2 and an
affected housing site area of 1,259.03 m2. These 2 households have the following
opinions for resettlement for house demolition:
a) In addition to direct cash compensation, the government should allocate or
coordinate a housing site for self-demolition and self-building;

54
b) The requirement for the housing site is it should be located nearby and have
a sufficiently large area.

5.2.4 Resettlement and restoration plans for land acquired for the trunk canals in
key villages affected by the main canals

In order to further make clear the impacts of this subproject and improve
resettlement results, officials of the town/Xiang governments and the affected villages
were convened to hold FGDs based on the information provided in the Feasibility
Study Report in order to discuss the impacts of this subproject, land acquisition and
house demolition plans, and subsequent economic restoration measures. Through
the above impact analysis of land acquisition, collective land acquisition is involved in
all the 36 villages affected by this subproject, from which more seriously affected
villages15 have been chosen to develop a pertinent resettlement and restoration plan.
These include Dazhuang Village in Chahandusi Xiang, Majia Village in Jiezi Town
and Xiasihe Village in Gandu Town.
 Gongboxia south canal, Xunhua County
A. Dazhuang Village, Chahandusi Xiang
Dazhuang Village has 2,065 people in 430 households, including 1055 men and
1020 women, and an arable area of 2894 mu, 1.40 mu per capita. The main crops
are wheat, rape, prickly ash and chilli. Since the population of Dazhuang Village is
composed mainly of Salar people, women usually farm at home, while many men
work outside, running a hand-drawn noodle restaurant or dealing with tourism or
transport, with per capita net income of 2,845 yuan.
This subproject will acquire 4.51 mu of arable land of this village, accounting for
0.2%, affecting 78 people in 16 households. Based on estimates, the annual average
income loss resulting from land acquisition is 4,690.4 yuan, 293.15 yuan per
household and 3.8 yuan per capita. Per capita loss accounts for 0.13% of gross
income.
 Measures for restoration of production income:
Due to the construction of this subproject, 35 mu of abandoned land and 332.8
mu barren land of this village will be reclaimed, and only 4.51 mu of arable land is
involved, with a land loss rate of 0.2% only. According to the survey, the villagers
have the following opinions:
a) The households affected by the trunk canal shall be compensated in cash
directly;
b) Since newly reclaimed usable land is available, land replacement can be
made, plus the crop compensation fees during this period; and
c) The village collective uses extensive newly reclaimed arable land for large-
scale operations, such as orchards, walnut gardens, cattle and sheep fattening
farms, etc.
B. Majia Village, Jiezi Town
Majia Village has 726 people in 147 households, including 367 men and 450
labors and an arable area of 500 mu, 0.69 mu per capita. The main crops are wheat,
rape, chilli and walnut. The population Majia Village is composed mainly of Salar
people. Since there are many tourist attractions within the town, and Bright Red
15
These 3 villages are not affected by the branch canals because the existing system is
adequate.

55
Pepper Factory and other famous enterprises, women usually do housework and
farm at home, while many men work outside, running a hand-drawn noodle
restaurant or dealing with tourism or transport, with per capita net income of 3,129
yuan.
This subproject will acquire 8.83 mu of arable land of this village, affecting 191
people in 38 households, with a land loss rate of 1.8%. Based on estimates, the
annual average income loss resulting from land acquisition is 9,183.2 yuan, 241.7
yuan per household and 1.3 yuan per capita. Per capita loss accounts for 0.04% of
gross income.
 Measures for restoration of production income:
Since the per capita land area of this village is only 0.69 mu, many villagers
already focus on cash crop cultivation, stockbreeding or work outside. According to
the survey, the resettlement plan for land acquisition is cash compensation. Since
this village has the characteristic crops chilli, walnut, prickly ash and potato, and
chilli processing factories, the compensation fees can be used to grow cash crops.
 Gongboxia north canal, Hualong County
A. Xiasihe Village, Gandu Town
Xiasihe Village has 874 people in 177 households, including 463 men and 580
and an arable area of 646.76 mu, arable area 0.74 mu per capita. The main crops
are wheat, rape and potato. Most of the villagers are working outside, dealing with
hand-drawn noodles, building or running a store, with per capita net income of 1,622
yuan.
This subproject will acquire 13.27 mu of arable land of this village, affecting 239
people in 48 households, with a land loss rate of 2.1%. Based on estimates, the
annual average income loss resulting from land acquisition is 13,800.8 yuan, 287.5
yuan per household and 1.2 yuan per capita. Per capita loss accounts for 0.07% of
gross income.
 Measures for restoration of production income:
This village belongs to Gandu Town, where a land development and
rehabilitation project has been planned based on this subproject. The rehabilitated
land can be contracted to the affected households first. Based on the survey, the
villagers have the following opinions on resettlement and restoration:
a) Many villagers think much land has been abandoned due to the local
shortage of water; after the canal is completed, the additional usable barren land
will be larger than the acquired land, so reasonable cash compensation is needed
only;
b) Since growing vegetables and walnut is quite profitable there, some villagers
prefer direct cash compensation, and expect to increase income by adjusting
planting structure or renting others’ arable land for large-scale operation.

5.2.5 Restoration plan for temporarily occupied land

Since this subproject is an irrigation project, borrow pits in temporarily occupied


land can be backfilled to tamp down both banks of the canal, so borrow pits will have
little impact. Since all the affected areas have barren and flood land, temporarily
occupied land may be selected on these two types of land where possible to reduce
the amount of impact.

56
At the same time, strict measures should be taken for temporarily occupied land
to protect soil quality. For example, temporarily trampled land during construction will
harden and should be plowed immediately after construction to restore its looseness.
The farmland irrigation and drainage canals, facilities, plowing roads access roads
and bridges will also be restored to ensure the basic functional requirements for
farmland irrigation can be met after reclamation.

5.3 Resettlement livelihood training

To ensure that the affected villages can optimize industrial structure, master
necessary labor skills, give full play to the canal system and thereby improve their
production level and standard of living after the canal system is completed, the
implementing agencies will appropriate special funds for resettlement livelihood
training. The Qinghai PMO and the county PMOs will provide training to APs in
conjunction with the labor and social security and agricultural authorities of the
affected counties, including Putonghua training for ethnic minority migrant workers,
training on the cultivation of food crops and cash crops, training on breeding skills of
poultry and livestock, and labor skills training. As required by the displaced persons
during the survey, the above training will be given in local Putonghua. The training
program is shown in Table 5-13. Training expenses will be 80,000 yuan.
Table 5-13 Technical Training Program for Displaced Persons
No. Time Subjects Participants Scope of training
Affected Putonghua training for ethnic
1 Apr. 2010 400
households minorities
Affected 400
2 Sep. 2010 Agricultural technical training
households
Affected 400
3 Apr. 2011 Pre-job training
households
Affected 400 Vocational skills training
4 Apr. 2012
households (nonagricultural)
5 Other irregular technical training 400
Total 2000

5.4 Protection of women’s rights and interests

At the preparation stage of this Resettlement Plan, the survey team organized
women to participate in the impact survey of this subproject, and consulted them
about their ideas for the income restoration plan. There are many Salar and Hui
people in the affected areas. The tradition of these two ethnic groups is women
undertake main housework and farm work, and seldom work outside, while some
men work outside. Since the population density is low there, there are few factories
suitable for women to work, so crop cultivation and stockbreeding are the main
sources of income of women. This subproject will benefit women in crop cultivation
greatly. Women approve of this subproject and think this subproject is good to
irrigation and cultivation improvement, the reduction of irrigation costs and the
improvement of cultivation efficiency; since a lot of abandoned land will be reutilized,
women generally think that land acquisition has little impact on their life and expect

57
cash compensation. The compensation fees can be used for the cultivation of cash
crops, such as walnut, chilli and greenhouse vegetables, and also for the training of
stockbreeding and sewing skills. There are factories (e.g., the hat factory in Xunhua
County) suitable for women to work in some areas, providing a source of income.
Aiming at the willingness of women, 30% unskilled job opportunities will be
provided to women at the implementation stage. In addition, the principle of equal
pay for equal work will apply to both men and women. However, use of child labor is
prohibited. In each WUA established, over 30% of its members shall be women.
Ethnic minority women should be encouraged to attend skills training, the scope,
time, location, language and mode of which should cater to their needs, such as
cultivation of cash crops, stockbreeding, sewing and embroidery, so as to ensure
their stable income. 2,000 person-times will receive resettlement training, with not
less than 1,000 person-times of female labor (50%).

5.5 Protection of ethnic minorities’ rights and interests

The households affected by resettlement for this subproject are all of ethnic
minorities, where their production and living habits and customs should be fully
considered.
 Resettlement for land acquisition
In the areas affected by land acquisition, it has been found in the survey that in
the local Salar and Hui households, women usually undertake most of housework
and farm work, and seldom work outside, and some men work outside. Since the
population density is low there, there are few factories suitable for women to work, so
crop cultivation and stockbreeding are the main sources of income of women, and
land is important for them. According to the survey, 19.4% of the affected households
expect to use the newly reclaimed land for replacement, and 30.3% expect
resettlement through restructuring of crop cultivation and stockbreeding.
 House demolition
According to the survey, the local residents live in an estate-like residential unit,
which is rectangular, with a 3-5m high and 50-80cm thick yellow earth or masonry
wall that encloses all rooms and courtyards. Except the only gate, there is no other
opening on the enclosure wall. Rooms are arranged on 2, 3 or 4 sides of the
enclosure wall, where a basic unit consists of one living room and two bedrooms,
arranged at the center, with kitchens, store rooms, stockyards and other rooms at the
4 corners; a parterre is provided in each courtyard to grow fruit trees and flowers.
The environment is elegant and quiet. During house demolition and relocation, the
residential habits of the local people should be respected by allocating a housing site
of sufficient area (which shall be the same as the former site), and a house may be
built in the mode of self-demolition and self-building.
Since both Salar and Hui people believe in Islam, everyone has the habit of
worshipping 5 times a day; women usually worship at home. On Fridays, all women
in a community would gather at a household to learn the Koran; men would go to the
mosque for worship. Their religious belief should also be respected during
resettlement for house demolition, and the housing site offered should be close to the
former site so as not to affect their religious activities.

58
5.6 Assistance measures for vulnerable groups

According to the survey, 145 households among the people affected by land
acquisition fall into vulnerable groups. During the whole relocation process, the PMO,
the implementing agencies and local governments will pay particular attention to the
resettlement of the vulnerable groups. They will not only be resettled for livelihood
and production according to the implementation plan of this subproject, but also be
provided certain assistance to improve their living and production conditions. The key
measures are as follows:
1) QPWRD will set up a special fund to support the vulnerable groups, totaling
155,000 yuan, accounting for 5% of the basic resettlement expenses. The PMO will
use this fund as the living allowance for the vulnerable groups during relocation and
at the early stage of resettlement together with the civil affairs authorities of the
affected counties;
2) At the implementation stage, the labor in the households falling into
vulnerable groups will be provided vocational training, employment information and
guidance to increase their job opportunities; the labor in the households falling into
vulnerable groups will be given priority to in employment in canal construction.
3) Newly reclaimed land can be contracted to households falling into vulnerable
groups first or others to alleviate their financial burden by transfer payment.

5.6.1 Assistance measures for disabled, five-guarantee and female-headed


households

1) The village collective will retain the land compensation fees and resettlement
subsidy of five-guarantee households to provide monthly living allowance and free
medical treatment;
2) A special allowance will be granted to the disabled;
3) Priority will be given to the training and employment of the labor of these
households.

5.6.2 Assistance measures for low-income or poor households

1) Skills training is provided to 2 family members, including at least one


woman; priority in employment will be offered (e.g., job or construction of this
subproject).
2) Additional irrigated land will be allocated first if possible.
3) The local government provides subsidy.

5.7 Restoration plan for infrastructure

The affected special facilities and ground attachments will be compensated for
by the implementing agencies to property owners, and then restored by property
owners.
The construction of this subproject will affect production and living facilities
mainly. The design agency conducted an extensive survey of this subproject’s
possible impacts on the production and livelihoods of the local residents in the form
of discussion and questionnaire survey at the survey and design stage to collect

59
opinions from the local people’s governments, competent authorities, social
organizations and local residents. These opinions have been mostly embodied in the
project design. Based on field exploration, the design agency took appropriate
engineering measures for the affected production and living facilities at the design
stage. At the same time, canals damaged by construction will be repaired after the
completion of this subproject. All these costs have been included in the general
budget of this subproject, and are not listed in the budgetary estimate in this report.

60
6 Resettlement Organization
6.1 Management agencies for resettlement implementation

6.1.1 Organizational setup


To ensure that resettlement is carried out successfully and the expected results
are fulfilled, a top down organization must be set up at the implementation stage to
plan, coordinate and monitor resettlement activities. Since resettlement is a very
comprehensive task that necessitates the assistance and collaboration of multiple
departments, the land and resources, water resources, forestry and agriculture
authorities will participate and assist in the implementation of resettlement. Each of
the affected towns and villages has 1-2 leaders responsible chiefly for the assistance
in resettlement. The agencies responsible for land acquisition and house demolition
in this subproject include:
 Qinghai Provincial Leading Group of Foreign-funded Water Resources
Development Projects (Project Leading Group)
 Office of Foreign-funded Water Resources Development Projects, QPWRD
(Qinghai PMO)
 County leading groups of foreign-funded water resources development
projects
 County PMOs
 Town people’s governments
 Village committees (neighborhood committees)
 Project design agency
 Independent monitoring and evaluation agency
 Other authorities: land and resources, resettlement, forestry, women’s
association, agriculture, etc.

6.1.2 Responsibilities of agencies


 Project Leading Group
Responsible mainly for organizing the resettlement of this subproject,
formulating policies on resettlement activities of this subproject, coordinating relations
among all levels of the resettlement organization, and serving as a bridge between
ADB and the implementing agencies
 Qinghai PMO
Responsible mainly for handling day-to-day affairs in resettlement planning and
implementation, and exercising the management, planning, implementation,
coordination, supervision and monitoring functions of resettlement as the project
management agency:
1) Formulating the land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement policies
for this subproject;
2) Entrusting the design agency to define the affected areas, measure the data
on physical objects affected by land acquisition and house demolition, and save such
data;
3) Applying for the license for planning of land use and the license for land
used for construction;
4) Giving operational training to the key resettlement officials of the land

61
acquisition, house demolition and resettlement office;
5) Organizing and coordinating the preparation and implementation of this
Resettlement Plan;
6) Responsible for the management and disbursement of the resettlement
funds, and supervising the use thereof;
7) Directing, coordinating and supervising resettlement activities and their
progress;
8) Directing and assisting in the disposition of complaints;
9) Taking charge of and inspecting internal monitoring, and preparing land
acquisition, house demolition and resettlement progress reports;
10) Selecting the external monitoring agency and assisting in external
monitoring activities
 Hualong County PMO/Xunhua County PMO
They are responsible for resettlement implementation in their respective
counties, formulate county policies for resettlement activities, coordinate the relations
between the Qinghai PMO and county and below resettlement agencies, and serve
as a bridge between the Qinghai PMO and the implementing agencies at all levels.
1) Assisting the design agency in defining the affected areas, measuring the
data on physical objects affected by land acquisition and house demolition, and
saving such data;
2) Assisting in preparing this Resettlement Plan and responsible for the
implementation of resettlement;
3) Selecting key resettlement officials for operational training;
4) Organizing public consultation, and propagandizing the resettlement
policies;
5) Directing, coordinating and supervising resettlement activities of the
agencies related to land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement and their
progress;
6) Responsible for resettlement, paying resettlement expenses pursuant to the
agreement, and handling complaints from displaced persons;
7) Implementing internal monitoring activities, preparing internal monitoring
reports, and reporting to the Qinghai PMO regularly;
8) Assisting in external monitoring activities.
 Town people’s governments
The town resettlement organization is headed by the leader responsible of each
town, and composed of key officials of the land and resources office, the police office,
the civil affairs office and the villages. Its main responsibilities are:
1) Participating in the survey of this subproject, and assisting in the preparation
of this Resettlement Plan;
2) Organizing public participation, and propagandizing the resettlement
policies;
3) Implementing, inspecting, monitoring and recording all resettlement activities
within the town;
4) Responsible for the disbursement and management of land compensation

62
fees;
5) Supervising the acquisition, occupation and restoration of land;
6) Reporting land acquisition and resettlement information to the county
highway administration bureau;
7) Coordinating and handling conflicts and issues arising from its work.
 Village committees (neighborhood committees)
The resettlement working team of a village committee is composed of its key
officials. Its main responsibilities are:
1) Participating in the socioeconomic survey and the impact survey of this
subproject;
2) Organizing public consultation, and propagandizing the policies on land
acquisition and house demolition;
3) Organizing the implementation of resettlement activities for agricultural and
nonagricultural production;
4) Reporting the displaced persons’ opinions and suggestions to the competent
authorities;
5) Providing assistance to displaced households with difficulties.
 Project design agency
At the planning and design stage, it will survey the physical indicators of land
occupation and house demolition, the environmental capacity, the usable resources,
etc. accurately, and assist the governments in the affected areas in formulating
resettlement plans, preparing budgetary investment estimates for compensation for
land occupation and house demolition, and drawing the relevant drawings.
At the implementation stage, it will submit the design documents, technical
specifications, drawings and notices to the employer timely, make design disclosure
to the project management offices of all levels, assist in the implementation of the
relocation and resettlement for production of the displaced persons, and improve the
resettlement plans based on the practical situation.
 Independent monitoring and evaluation agency
The Qinghai PMO will employ a qualified monitoring and evaluation agency as
the external resettlement monitoring and evaluation agency. Its main responsibilities
are:
1) Observing all aspects of resettlement planning and implementation as an
independent monitoring and evaluation agency, monitor and evaluate the
resettlement results and the social adaptability of the displaced persons, and submit
resettlement monitoring and evaluation reports to ADB through the Qinghai PMO;
and
2) Providing technical advice to the Qinghai PMO in data collection and
processing.

6.2 Staffing and facilities

6.2.1 Staffing
For the successful implementation of resettlement, all levels of the resettlement
organization of this subproject have been staffed with dedicated personnel, and a

63
smooth information communication channel created. The staffing of all levels of the
resettlement organization is shown in .

Table 6-14 Staffing of Resettlement Agencies


Agency Staff Composition
Qinghai Project Leading Group 1 Civil servants
Qinghai PMO 4 Civil servants
Hualong County PMO/Hualong County PMO 2 Civil servants, technicians
Cadres and representatives of
Affected towns and villages 4-6
displaced persons
External monitoring agency 4 Resettlement experts

6.2.2 Facilities
All levels of the resettlement organization can make use of the existing
resources. The basic office, traffic and communication equipment is already
available, including office desks and chairs, computers, printers, telephones,
facsimile machines, means of transport, etc.

6.2.3 Institutional training program


To ensure the successful implementation of resettlement, the displaced persons
and the resettlement personnel must be trained under a training program, which will
be developed by the Qinghai PMO.
A training and human resources development system has been established for
the resettlement organization at the municipal, county, town and village levels.
Training will be conducted in diverse forms, including expert lecture, technical training
courses, visiting and learning from other resettlement projects, and field training of
technical and management personnel. The training program is shown in Table 6-2.
.
The scope of training includes:
—ADB resettlement policies and principles;
—Differences between ADB policies and laws of the PRC
—Management of design and implementation of this Resettlement Plan;
—Points for attention during the implementation of resettlement;
—Resettlement monitoring and evaluation

Table 6-15 Resettlement Training Schedule


Training
Time Location Subjects Scope
method
Backbone staff Resettlement operational
February 2010 Xining Lecture
of PMO training
Learning
Domestic Backbone staff Field visit of ADB resettlement
June 2010 and
visit of PMO projects
inspection
Exchange and discussion on
Exchange Backbone staff
December 2010 Xining experience and existing
and lecture of PMO
issues in resettlement

64
In addition, the following measures will be taken in this subproject to improve the
capabilities of the resettlement organization:
(1) Define the scope of responsibilities of all levels of the resettlement
organization, and strengthen supervision and management;
(2) Improve the strength all levels of the resettlement organization gradually,
especially specialized technical forces; all personnel must attain a certain degree of
professional proficiency and management level; strengthen their technical
equipment, such as computers, monitoring equipment and means of transport;
(3) Selecting personnel strictly, strengthen operational and technical training,
and train the management and technical personnel of all levels of the resettlement
organization to improve their professional proficiency and management level;
(4) Appoint female officials appropriately and give play to their role in the
implementation of resettlement;
(5) Establish a database, strengthen information feedback, and ensure the
smooth top-down and bottom-up communication of information; leave major issues
will be resolved by the resettlement leading group;
(6) Strengthen the reporting system and internal monitoring, and solve problems
timely; and
(7) Establish an external monitoring and evaluation mechanism, and a pre-
warning system.

65
7 Public Participation, Complaints and Appeals
7.1 Public participation

According to the policies and regulations of ADB, the PRC and Qinghai Province
on land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement, it is a requirement to (i)
protect the lawful rights and interests of the displaced persons, (ii) reduce disputes
and complaints, listen to the displaced persons’ opinions and advice. In order to
formulate this Resettlement Plan and organize implementation properly, it is
necessary to conduct public participation at the preparation and implementation
stages of this subproject.

7.1.1Participation at the preparation stage


Since April 2009, under the direction of the technical assistance consultants, the
survey team of Hohai University has conducted a series of socioeconomic surveys
and public opinion consultations (with 30% being women). At the preparation stage,
the PMO, the implementing agencies and the design agency conducted extensive
consultation on land acquisition and resettlement. The draft Resettlement Plan will be
posted on the ADB website in October 2009. The participation activities at the
preparation stage are shown in Table 7-1. The minutes of the public participation
meetings are shown in Appendix 3.

Table 7-16 Public Participation at the Preparation Stage


Date Organizer Participants Number Purpose Key opinions and details
 Introduction to the
background and objectives of
Affected
Aug. Qinghai Feasibility study, this subproject
people, village
– Investigation field visit,  Minimizing the occupation
officials, 140
Nov. and Design preliminary impact of arable land in site selection
engineering
2008 Institute survey  Minimizing impacts on the
technicians
displaced persons in road
routing
Government
Qinghai Land departments
Apr. Investigation and
Surveying & concerned and  Detailed surveying of types
–Jun. 200 delimitation of
Mapping villagers’ and areas of land affected
2009 trunk canals
Institute representative
s
 Assistance in the impact
survey
 The villagers’
representatives express a
Government
Preparation for strong need for this subproject
departments
Apr. this Resettlement  Socioeconomic survey and
Survey team of concerned and
–Jul. 850 Plan, impact and displaced households survey
Hohai University villagers’
2009 socioeconomic  Consultation of
representative
surveys compensation and income
s
restoration plans
 Canal restoration plan
 Restoration measures for
borrow pits, etc.

66
Date Organizer Participants Number Purpose Key opinions and details
Disclosure of this
Affected  Disclosure of
Sep Resettlement Plan
Qinghai PMO people, villager / compensation standards,
2009 or information
teams appeal channel, etc.
booklet
Publication of the
Oct.
ADB website / / draft Resettlement
2009
Plan

7.1.2Participation plan for the implementation stage


During the progress of preparation and implementation, the implementing
agencies will conduct further public participation. The public participation
arrangements are shown in Table 7-17.

Table 7-17 Public Participation Program of this Subproject


Purpose Mode Time Unit Participants Topic
Qinghai PMO, Highway
Village
Bureau, Land & Disclosure of land
bulletin
Resources Bureau; acquisition area,
Bulletin on land board All affected
May 2009 affected county’s PMO compensation standards
acquisition and people
and land & resources and modes of
village
bureau, town and resettlement, etc.
meeting
village officials
Qinghai PMO, Highway
Bulletin on Village Bureau, Land &
compensation bulletin Resources Bureau;
and board All affected Compensation fees and
May 2009 affected county’s PMO
resettlement and people mode of payment
plan for land village and land & resources
acquisition meeting bureau, town and
village officials
Check for omissions,
Qinghai PMO, Highway
and confirmation of the
Bureau, Land & final quantities affected
Recheck of Resources Bureau; Detailed list of occupied
Field Jun. –Sep. All affected
physical affected county’s PMO land and losses of the
survey 2009 people
indicators and land & resources displaced persons
Preparation of the basic
bureau, town and
compensation
village officials agreement
Qinghai PMO, Highway
Determination Bureau, Land &
Village Resources Bureau; Discussion of the final
and Before
meeting All affected income restoration plan
implementation implement affected county’s PMO
(many people and the plan for use of
of income -ation and land & resources
times) compensation fees
restoration plan
bureau, town and
village officials
3 months County land &
Selection of Village before resources bureau, All affected
/
housing site meeting house towns/Xiang and people
demolition village cadres
Training Village Apr. 2010- County labor & social / Discussion of training

67
Purpose Mode Time Unit Participants Topic
security bureau,
program (see needs and development
meeting Apr. 2012 towns/Xiang and
Table 5-1) of program
village cadres
1) Resettlement
Monitoring agency, progress and impacts
Villager county land & 2) Payment of
Jan. 2010-
Monitoring partici- resources bureau, / compensation
Jan. 2013
pation towns/Xiang and 3) Information release
village cadres 4) Livelihood restoration
and house rebuilding

7.2 Complaints and appeals

Public participation is encouraged throughout the preparation and


implementation of the Resettlement Action Plan. Therefore, it is likely that great
disputes will not arise. However, some unexpected issues may arise from this
process. In order to address such issues and ensure the successful construction and
land acquisition of this subproject, a transparent and effective appeal channel has
been established. The basic procedure is as follows:
Stage 1: If any right of any displaced person is infringed upon in any aspect of
land acquisition and resettlement, he/she can report this to the village committee.
Either the committee or the displaced person may seek a solution from the town
government through consultation. After receipt of an appeal, the town government
will record it, and study a solution together with the committee and the displaced
person within 2 weeks.
Stage 2: If the complainant is dissatisfied with the disposition of Stage 1, he/she
may file an appeal to the county PMO after receiving such disposition, which shall
make a disposition within 2 weeks.
Stage 3: If the complainant is dissatisfied with the disposition of Stage 2, he/she
may file an appeal to the Qinghai PMO after receiving such disposition, which shall
make a disposition within 2 weeks.
Stage 4: If the complainant is still dissatisfied with the disposition of Stage 3,
he/she may file an appeal to the administrative authorities with competent jurisdiction
level by level for arbitration in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Law of
the People’s Republic of China after receiving such disposition.
Stage 5: If the complainant is still dissatisfied with the arbitration award, he/she
may bring an action to a civil court in accordance with the Administrative Procedure
Law after receiving such award.
All agencies concerned will accept the affected people’ complaints and appeals
free of charge, and all costs reasonably incurred will be disbursed from the
contingency expenses of this subproject. At the whole construction stage, this appeal
procedure will remain effective so that the affected people can use it to solve relevant
issues. The above appeal channel and the right of appeal will be notified to the
displaced persons through the participation process at a public meeting and the
resettlement information booklet. In the meantime, appeal proceedings will be
disclosed to the affected population people through media.

68
8 Resettlement Budget
8.1 Resettlement budget

All expenses incurred during land acquisition and resettlement will be included in
the general budget of this subproject. Based on prices of December 2008, the total
resettlement expenses of this subproject are 5.12 million yuan, including expenses
for the acquisition of rural collective land for the trunk canals of 1.3822 million yuan,
accounting for 27.0% of total expenses, those for land occupation for the branch
canals 1.2973 million yuan, accounting for 25.3%; the compensation for temporary
land occupation is 20,000 yuan, accounting for 0.4%; the compensation for
demolition of rural residential houses 331,000 yuan, accounting for 6.5%; the
compensation for infrastructure and ground attachments 61,000 yuan, accounting for
1.2%; other expenses (including management fees, training and assistance for
vulnerable APs) 618,000 yuan, accounting for 12.1%; contingency expenses
366,000, accounting for 7.1%; and land taxes 1.044 million yuan, accounting for
20.4%.. See Section 4.7 for the basis and explanation of calculation of the
investment budget, and Appendix 4 for the detailed calculation of the investment
budget. The resettlement expenses are shown in Table 8-18.
Table 8-18 Budget of Resettlement Expenses
Unit: 10,000 yuan
Gongboxia Gongboxia
No. Item Total Cost Proportion (%)
south canal north canal
Permanent land
1 acquisition for trunk 65.2 73.0 138.2 27.0%
canals
Permanent land
2 occupation for branch 73.9 55.8 129.7 25.3%
canals
Temporary land
3 occupation for 1.0 1.1 2.0 0.4%
construction
4 Houses and attachments 33.1 0.0 33.1 6.5%
5 Ground attachments 4.5 1.5 6.1 1.2%
Subtotal of 1-5 177.8 131.4 309.2 60.4%
6 Other expenses16 35.6 26.3 61.8 12.1%
Subtotal of 1-6 213.3 157.7 371.0 72.5%
7 Contingency expenses 21.3 15.2 36.6 7.1%
Subtotal of 1-7 234.7 172.9 407.6 79.6%
8 Land acquisition taxes 54.0 50.4 104.4 20.4%
Grand Total 288.6 223.3 512.0 100.0%
Proportion (%) 56.3% 43.7% 100.0%  

16
Includes management fees, resettlement training, and livelihood training for APs and
assistance to vulnerable groups (see Appendix 4 for details).

69
8.2 Resettlement investment plan and sources of funds

The sources of the resettlement funds are counterpart funds from local finance
and domestic loans. Before construction and during implementation, the resettlement
investment plan will be implemented in stages in order not to affect the production
and living conditions of the farming households affected by land acquisition, as
shown in Table 8-19.
Table 8-19 Resettlement Investment Plan of this Subproject
Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
Investment (10,000 yuan) 204.8 153.6 102.4 51.2 512.0
Proportion 40% 30% 20% 10% 100%

8.3 Management and disbursement of resettlement funds

The land compensation and the resettlement subsidy will be paid to the village
collectives and used or distributed based on a meeting with the villager
representatives; the housing and crop compensation will be paid to the affected
people directly; the compensation fees for infrastructure and attachments will be paid
to the entities and individuals concerned.
To ensure that the resettlement funds are in place timely and fully, and to ensure
the restoration of the production, livelihoods and income level of the affected farming
households, the following measures will be taken:
 All expenses related to resettlement will be included in the general budget
of this subproject;
 The land compensation and the resettlement subsidy will be paid up within
7 days of signing the land acquisition agreement so that all affected people
can be resettled properly;
 To ensure the successful implementation of land acquisition and
resettlement, and to ensure that all funds are disbursed on schedule, all
levels financial and supervisory organization will be established; and
 The budget is an estimate of the resettlement costs. Due to practical
variations in the affected areas, actual impacts identified in the DMS (Detailed
Measurement Survey), modifications to compensation, inflation and other
factors, the actual expenses may be increased, but the implementing
agencies will guarantee the disbursement of the compensation fees. The
budget has taken contingency expenses into account, and will be used and
modified as necessary.

70
9 Resettlement Implementation Plan
9.1 Principles for resettlement implementation

According to the implementation schedule of this subproject, the construction


works will commence in 2010 and be completed in 2013. To ensure that the
resettlement schedule is linked up to the construction schedule, land acquisition will
start from January 2010 and end in December 2013. The basic implementation
principles of resettlement are:
 Land acquisition should be completed 2 months before the commencement
of construction. The specific time of commencement should be determined as
necessary for land acquisition, house demolition and resettlement.
 During resettlement, the affected people should have opportunities to
participate in this subproject.
 All types of compensation should be paid to property owners directly in full
within 2 months from the commencement of the civil works. No entity or
individual should use the compensation fees for properties on their behalf,
and such fees should not be discounted during disbursement for any reason.

9.2 Implementation schedule

The implementation schedule of this subproject is shown in Table 9-20.


Table 9-20 Implementation Schedule of Resettlement
No. Task Subject Agency responsible Date Status
1 Information disclosure
Draft resettlement plan issued Sep. 10,
1.1 2 counties
to county PMOs 2009
36 affected Sep. 30,
1.2 Information booklet PMO and QPWRD  
villages 2009
Resettlement plan published Implementing agencies,
1.3 Oct. 2009  
on the ADB website PMO & ADB
2 Resettlement plan and financial budget
Approved resettlement plan
5.12 million Qinghai Provincial
2.1 and financial budget Dec. 2009  
yuan Government and PMO
(compensation rate)
3 Detailed measurement and survey
Jun.–Sep.
3.1 Trunk and branch canals QPWRD  
2009
4 Compensation agreement
36 affected County land & resources Mar. 2010 -
4.1 Rural land agreement  
villages bureaus Mar. 2013
Household contracting 381 affected Mar. 2010 -
4.2 Village committees
agreement households Apr. 2013
5 House demolition
Towns/Xiangs, village
Selection and approval of 3 affected Dec. 2009-
5.1 committees & affected
resettlement area households Feb. 2010
households

71
No. Task Subject Agency responsible Date Status
Village committees and Mar.-Oct.
5.2 New house construction 3 houses
affected households 2010
Contractors, affected
5.3 House demolition 3 houses Aug. 2010
households
3 affected
5.4 Moving into new houses Affected households Oct. 2010
households
6 Execution of restoration measures
Payment of land
compensation fees to the 36 affected Towns/Xiangs, village Mar. 2010 -
6.1  
affected households, which villages committees Mar. 2013
may be adjusted if necessary
Consultation on income Towns/Xiangs, village
381 affected Feb.-Nov.
6.2 restoration, business and job committees, labor,
households 2010
opportunities affected households
Execution of training program 381 affected Labor and social security Apr. 2010
6.3  
(see Table 5-1) households bureau -Apr. 2012
Identification of vulnerable
145 affected Labor and social security Apr.-Dec.
6.4 groups and assistance
households bureau, PMO 2010
measures
Identification and employment
Affected Apr. 2010
6.5 of labor from the affected PMO, contractor, labor
population -Dec. 2012
households for construction
7 Resettlement capacity building (see Table 6-2)
Training of resettlement staff Feb.-Dec.
7.1 20 persons ADB
of QPWRD and county PMOs 2010
Training of town/Xiang and 100 officials PMO, land & resources Feb.-Mar.
7.2
village officials and leaders bureau 2010
8 Monitoring and evaluation
Independent monitoring Mar. 31,
8.1 1 PMO  
agency 2010
1 survey Independent monitoring Apr. 30,
8.2 Baseline survey  
report agency 2010
Establishment of internal Implementing agencies Mar. 31,
8.3  
supervision and PMO 2010
Half-year (as Implementing agencies From Jun.
8.4 Internal monitoring report
necessary) and PMO 30, 2010
Jan. 2011 1st report
External monitoring and Feb. 2012 2nd report
8.5 Annual Monitoring agency
evaluation reports Jan. 2013 3rd report
Jan. 2014 4th report
Resettlement completion Implementing agencies
8.6 1 report Jun. 2014  
report and PMO
9 Consultation documents Implementing agencies Ongoing
10 Complaint documents Implementing agencies Ongoing
11 Compensation and resettlement funds for land
11.1 For implementing agencies Startup funds QPWRD  Feb. 2010  
12 Start of land acquisition and civil works
May 31,
12.1 Trunk and branch canals QPWRD  
2010

72
10 Monitoring and Evaluation
To ensure the successful implementation of this Resettlement Plan and realize
the goal of resettling the displaced persons properly, the implementation of the land
acquisition, house demolition and resettlement activities of this subproject will be
monitored and evaluated regularly as required by the ADB resettlement policies,
including internal and external monitoring.

10.1 Internal monitoring and supervision

The internal monitoring and supervision agency of this subproject is the Qinghai
PMO. Internal monitoring will be executed jointly by the county PMO and other
competent authorities (e.g., land and resources bureau). The Qinghai PMO will
prepare a monitoring and supervision plan for the land acquisition and resettlement
activities of this subproject. The scope of monitoring includes:
(1) The survey of resettlement impacts, coordination of implementation and
suggestions for key issues of the displaced persons and the implementing agencies
during implementation;
(2) The disbursement, use and availability of the compensation fees for land
acquisition and house demolition;
(3) The degree of participation and consultation of the farming households
affected by land acquisition and house demolition during implementation;
(4) Resettlement training and its results; and
(5) The management agencies for resettlement implementation in the affected
areas, the training and working efficiency of the implementation personnel.
The Qinghai PMO will submit an internal monitoring report to ADB semi-annually.
In such reports, the statistical data of the past 6 months will be tabulated to reflect
progress through comparison of the actual and planned use of the land acquisition,
resettlement and compensation fees. Table 10-1 and Table 10-2 provide some
sample formats.

Table 10-21 Progress Report of Land Acquisition, House Demolition and Resettlement
______, ______ Town, ______ District (County)
Reporting period: MM/DD/YY to MM/DD/YY
Date completed: MM/DD/YY
Planned Actual quantity Cumulative Proportion of
Item Unit
quantity this period quantity completion
Permanent land acquisition Mu
Temporary land use Mu
House demolition area m2
Payment of land 10,000
compensation yuan
Compensation for house 10,000
demolition yuan
Personnel training Person
Job arrangement Person
Land adjustment Mu

73
Reported by: Signature (person responsible): Official seal:

Table 10-22 Schedule of Fund Use


______, ______ Town, ______ District (County)
Reporting period: MM/DD/YY to MM/DD/YY
Date completed: MM/DD/YY
Investment Compensation
Unit/ Adjusted Proportion of
Affected unit Description required received
Qty. compensation compensation
(yuan) (yuan)
Town 1
Town 2
Collectives
Displaced
households
Entities
Reported by: Signature (person responsible): Official seal:

10.2 External monitoring and evaluation

As required by the ADB policies, the PMO will employ a qualified, independent
resettlement agency with experience in ADB projects as the independent
resettlement monitor (the Monitor).
The Monitor will monitor the progress, quality and funds payment, and provide
advisory opinions. It will also make follow-up monitoring of the production level and
standard of living of the displaced persons, and submit monitoring and evaluation
reports to the PMO and ADB.

10.2.1 Scope and methods of external monitoring


(1) Baseline survey
The external monitoring agency will make a baseline survey of the villages
affected by land acquisition in this subproject, and collect baseline data on the
production level and standard of living of the monitored displaced households
(standard of living, production and income levels). The survey methods include
follow-up survey of typical sample (sample size: 30% of households affected by land
acquisition, 100% of households affected by house demolition; the sample
households will be sampled randomly), random interview and field observation to
collect necessary data. The follow-up surveys of production level and standard of
living will be conducted annually for 2 years to track variations in this aspect. A
statistical analysis will be made on this basis for evaluation.
(2) Regular monitoring and evaluation
During the implementation of this Resettlement Plan, the Monitor agency will
perform annual resettlement monitoring of the following activities through field
observation, follow-up survey of the sample households and random interview with
the displaced persons:
 Disbursement and amount of compensation fees;

74
 Training;
 Support to the vulnerable groups;
 Restoration and reconstruction of infrastructure and special facilities;
 Resettlement and restoration of production and livelihoods;
 Compensation for property losses;
 Schedule for the above activities;
 Resettlement network organization;
 Use of compensation fees for collective land and income of the displaced
persons;
 Increase in employment income of labor; and
 Whether the affected people benefit from this subproject.
(3) Public consultation
The Monitor will attend some public consultation meetings to be held during the
implementation of resettlement. By attending these meetings, the external monitoring
agency can evaluate the results of public participation.
(4) Complaints
The Monitor will visit the affected villages, and inquire of the town governments
and the implementing agencies that received complaints about the disposition of
complaints. In the meantime, it will also meet complainants and propose corrective
measures so that complainants can be quickly restored. These will be followed up by
the CPMOs until restored and this will be reported to the Monitor.

10.2.2 Post-resettlement evaluation


After the completion of this subproject, on the basis of monitoring and
evaluation, the post-evaluation theory and methods will be used to make a summary
and evaluation of resettlement activities to evaluate successful experience and
lessons from land acquisition and resettlement and provide a reference for post-
resettlement.

10.2.3 External monitoring reporting


The Monitor will submit a monitoring report and an evaluation report to ADB and
the PMO annually. The reporting schedule is shown in Table 10-3.

Table 10-23 Schedule of Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation


No. Report Date
1 Baseline socioeconomic survey report April 2010
2 1st monitoring and evaluation report January 2011
3 2nd monitoring and evaluation report January 2012
4 3rd monitoring and evaluation report January 2013
5 4th monitoring and evaluation report January 2014

75
11 Appendixes
Appendix 1 Schematic Map of this Subproject

76
Appendix 2 Resettlement Due Diligence Report of the
Gongboxia Hydroelectric Station
I. Overview of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station

The Gongboxia hydroelectric station is located on the trunk stream of the Yellow
River at the junction of Xunhua and Hualong Counties, Qinghai Province, 153km
away from Xining City, being the 4th large cascade hydropower station planned in the
Long-Qing segment in the upper Yellow River. The Gongboxia hydroelectric station
was completed and put into operation in 2003, with an installed capacity of 1,500MW,
a dam height of 132.2m, daily adjustment capability, and a reservoir capacity of 600
million m3. The station has an ample amount of water, with a normal water level of
2,005.0m and a dead water level of 2,002.0m, which is taken as the water level with
safety guarantee. The Suzhi hydroelectric station located downstream the Gongboxia
hydroelectric station, and has been completed and put into operation, with an
installed capacity of 200MW; the Huangfeng hydroelectric station located
downstream the Suzhi hydroelectric station and is under construction, with an
installed capacity of 225MW; the Jishixia hydroelectric station has an installed
capacity of 1,020MW, and its tail water is located in Xunhua County, so it has no
impact of inundation on the irrigated areas.

II. Summary of resettlement plan of the Gongboxia Reservoir

1. Resettlement impacts
According to the General Report on the Implementation, Planning and Design of
Reservoir Inundation Treatment issued by Northwest Hydro Consulting Engineers, a
Chinese hydroelectric consulting firm, in December 2004, and the Special Post-
evaluation Report of Social and Environmental Impacts of Cascade Hydroelectric
Development in the Longyangxia-Liujiaxia Segment of the Yellow River issued by
Northwest Hydro Consulting Engineers in March 2008, inundation by the Gongboxia
Reservoir involves 62 village production teams and 9 enterprises and public
institutions in 27 administrative villages of 10 towns/xiangs of 3 counties. The key
physical indicators of reservoir inundation treatment after protection include: Total
population resettled is 5,798, including an agricultural population of 5,679 and a
nonagricultural population of 119; of the agricultural population of 5,679, 23 people
will be relocated only without resettlement for production, and 5,656 must be
resettled for production, including 3,385 people in Hualong County, 2,137 in Jianzha
County and 134 people in Xunhua County. Total house area is 279,000 m 2, including
rural houses of 273,000 m2, enterprises and public institutions of 6,100 m2; arable
land of 7,581.9 mu, gardens of 995.2 mu and woodland of 1,475.2 mu; the main
special facilities include classified highways of 12.9km, 2 bridges over the Yellow
River, 10kV or above power transmission lines of 50.0km, 41 electric pumping
stations (with a total installed capacity of 4,422 kW), communication lines of 41.2km,
27 cultural relics and historic sites; 4 enterprises and public institutions, including 3
state-owned enterprises and public institutions and one collective enterprise.

2. Policies on compensation for resettlement of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station


and investment in resettlement

77
The laws and regulations based on which the compensation standards for
reservoir inundation treatment of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station are fixed
include: the Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of China (effective from
January 1, 1991); the Interim Regulations of the People's Republic of China on
Farmland Occupation Tax (Guo Fa [1987] No.27); the Circular on Issues Concerning
Land for Construction of Hydroelectric and Water Resources Projects (MLR Fa
[2001] No.355); the Procedures on the Administration of Woodland and Forest Rights
of Qinghai Province; the Procedures of Qinghai Province on the Implementation of
the Grassland Law of the People's Republic of China (November 1998); the Opinion
of the Qinghai Provincial People’s Government about Issues Concerning the
Approval of Land for Construction (Qing Zheng [1999] No.38); and the Opinion about
the Compensation Standards for Land Acquisition for the Gongboxia Hydroelectric
Station (QLR [2004] No.38). The compensation standards for reservoir inundation
treatment of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station are set out in Table 1.

Table 1 Resettlement compensation standards of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station

Item Unit Hualong Jianzha Xunhua


Irrigated land yuan/mu 20,267 20,267 20,267
Arable Vegetable plot yuan/mu 52,000 52,000 52,000
land Dry land yuan/mu 8,736 8,736 8,736
Reclaimed land yuan/mu 3,144 3,144 3,144
Arable land of orchard land yuan/mu 20,267 20,267 20,267
Orchard land attachments yuan/mu 34,093 34,093 34,093
Arable land of mature economic
yuan/mu 20,267 20,267 20,267
Garden orchard
Attachments of mature
yuan/mu 10,374 10,374 10,374
economic orchard
Immature orchard yuan/mu 4,185 4,185 4,185
Grown yuan/mu 5,957 5,957 5,957
Timber forest Sapling yuan/mu 4,788 4,788 4,788
Woodland Sparse yuan/mu 3,517 3,517 3,517
Dense yuan/mu 3,033 3,033 3,033
Shrubs
Sparse yuan/mu 2,808 2,808 2,808
Nursery yuan/mu 5,883 5,883 5,883
Fishpond yuan/mu 4,050 4,050 4,050
Barren hill/slope yuan/mu 1,559 1,559 1,559
Masonry-concrete yuan/m2 222 222 222
Masonry-timber yuan/m2 192 192 192
Class 1 yuan/m2 157 157 157
House
Earth-timber Class 2 yuan/m2 120 120 120
Class 3 yuan/m2 88 88 88
Other yuan/m2 61 61 61
Estate yuan 2,520 2,520 2,520
Granary yuan 300 300 300
Well yuan 40 40 40

78
Tomb yuan 50 50 50
Moving Transport handling charge yuan/person 697 318 789
subsidy Living allowance yuan/person 680 609 584

The total investment in the compensation for the inundation treatment of the
Gongboxia hydroelectric station is 597.9594 million yuan, including rural resettlement
compensation fees of 314.3345 million yuan compensation fees for relocation and
rebuilding of enterprises and public institutions of 19.4981 million yuan;
compensation fees for rebuilding of special projects of 100.3912 million yuan;
investment in environmental protection and water/soil conservation of 3.7952 million
yuan; investment in reservoir bottom cleanup of 1.2903 million yuan; investment in
protective works of 64.1949 million yuan; government fees of 62.5548 million yuan;
and contingency costs of 21.1648 million yuan.

III. Implementation of resettlement for Gongboxia hydroelectric station

1. Implementation of resettlement
The base year of the resettlement plan of the Gongboxia hydroelectric station is
1999, and the planning level year is the beginning year of impoundment of the
reservoir (2004). The population affected by resettlement and environmental capacity
analysis and calculation are based on this. The population in the planning level year
is based on a comprehensive analysis of the state and local policies on family
planning and the local practical situation. The specific resettlement information is
shown in Table 2. The compensation standards for land acquisition of this
hydroelectric station are consistent with those specified in the approved plan, and all
compensation fees have been paid to the affected people.

Table 2 Gongboxia Resettlement Table


Planned
Mode of Size of land Actual
Affected Affected Resettlement population
County production development population
town/Xiang village destination to be
development (mu) resettled
resettled
Ruosuo 40 40
Dehenglong Wajiatan 1,370 1,370
Yaqutan 363 363
Rilan 519 519
Arable land
Andaqiha Gandu Farm 4,157.1 532 532
acquisition
Sheren 364 364
Hualong
Qunke Qunke
Town farm 114 0
garden
Tuan’er Scattered 84.3 85 85
Setback
Qunke reclamation 75.0 112 112
Subtotal 4,316.4 3,499 3,385
Jianzha Angla Xiang Cuojia Xiazangtan Bottomland 3,211.7 131 131
Dongjia development 120 120
Yanadong 224 224

79
Affected Affected Resettlement Mode of Size of land Planned Actual
County
town/Xiang village destination production development population population
Hedong 539 539
Jianzhatan Jianzhadui 307 307
Jiefang 256 256
Maketang
Lanitan 210 210
Town
Mashenzha 130 130
Hedong Arable land
Angla Xiang Lamao 217.1 139 139
Village acquisition
Dangshun Dry land
Dongdang 86.0 53 53
Xiang rehabilitation
Maketang
Niangmao Locally 1.5 6 6
Town Internal
Kangyang reallocation
Gequ 22.7 22 22
Town
Subtotal 3,539.0 2,137 2,137
Galeng Zongwu Reallocation 9.1 37 37
Xiang Zhanqun of arable land 189.8 50 50
Locally
Xunhua Chahandusi and grass
Dazhuang 87.6 47 47
Xiang hills
Subtotal 286.5 134 134
Total 8,141.9 5,770 5,656

2. Disposition of leftover issues


The issues leftover from resettlement for the Gongboxia hydroelectric station are
most prominent in the Xiazangtan resettlement area. The leftover issues here mainly
include: Irrigation and domestic water for Xiazangtan has to be diverted over a long
distance of 10km from the Nalangsi Reservoir; this distance is geologically complex,
so it is difficult to supply drinking and irrigation water; by the end of 2008, some
irrigation facilities of the Nalangsi Reservoir could not operate properly, and there
was land subsidence in the irrigated areas, affecting the production and living of the
displaced persons in the resettlement area.
The resettlement agencies at all levels of Qinghai Province have implemented a
series of measures and projects to address the leftover issues in the Xiazangtan
resettlement area and restore the production level and standard of living of the
displaced persons as soon as possible. By the end of June 2009, the production and
livelihoods of the displaced persons in the resettlement area had been largely
guaranteed.
The measures taken to address the leftover issues in the Xiazangtan
resettlement area are shown in Table 3.

Table 3 Measures taken to address the leftover issues in the Xiazangtan


resettlement area
Implementing
No. Project Details Investment Progress Result
agency
1 Irrigation Building the 500,000 Jianzha County The Tanggaluo Irrigation water is
Tanggaluo and yuan Yellow River station was now supplied to the

80
completed in late
Rushenqi irrigation
March 2009; the
pumping stations Support Office resettlement area
Rushenqi station
at Rangjiagou
in late April 2009
The safety of
Resettlement
Concealment of human and
Human and Project Office,
exposed domestic 600,000 livestock drinking
2 livestock provincial Ongoing
water facilities of yuan water in the
drinking water resettlement
Xiazangtan resettlement area is
bureau
being ensured.
Repairing the Resettlement
The proper
canal system Project Office,
Irrigated area 450,000 Completed in operation of the
3 damaged due to provincial
restoration yuan April 2009 canal system is now
subsidence in the resettlement
ensured.
irrigated areas bureau
Building a 2.92km The convenient
Jianzha County
Road road at the 2.4 million Completed in passage of the
4 People’s
construction Xiazangtan north yuan July 2009 displaced persons is
Government
exit now ensured.
Jianzha County
Land Repairing and
People’s
subsidence leveling 150 mu of 1.253 The farming of the
Government and Completed in
5 control of depressed arable million displaced persons is
town/Xiang March 2009
irrigated land in the yuan now ensured.
governments
areas irrigated areas
concerned
Water-soil
The living conditions
conservation Growing trees Provincial
84,000 of the displaced
6 and suitable for resettlement Ongoing
yuan persons are being
landscape Xiazangtan bureau
improved.
engineering

3. Post-resettlement support
1) Project support
Since the beginning of resettlement for the Gongboxia Reservoir, the Qinghai
Resettlement Office and county resettlement offices attach great importance to the
restoration of livelihoods and production of the displaced persons, and have taken
assistance measures at the resettlement sites. For example in Jianzha County, a
series of assistance projects (including road construction, drinking water, agricultural
technique popularization) and measures have been implemented at the resettlement
sites, and proven effective, promoting the income restoration of the displaced
persons. The completed assistance projects at the resettlement sites of Jianzha
County are shown in Table 4.

81
Table 4 List of completed assistance projects in Jianzha County
Project Investment
County Town/ Xiang Village (10,000 Time Implemented by Outcome
Name Details yuan)
Road hardening and Hardening of 14.06km road,
Jianzha Maketang Town Xiazangtan drainage 13.06km drainage work 517.46 2007 CRO Completed
Village-level activity 2 activity rooms in two CRO
Jianzha Maketang Town Xiazangtan room villages 20.67 2007 Completed
Supplying drinking water to CRO
Human-livestock 2,000 people in 385
Jianzha Maketang Town Xiazangtan drinking households 288.29 2005-2006 Completed
Jiarang electric pumping Apr.-Aug. CRO
Jianzha Maketang Town Xiazangtan irrigation station Two D360-40x5 units 491.90 2009 Completed
Construction of the north CRO
Jianzha Maketang Town Xiazangtan Village highway exit highway of Xiazangtan 200.00 2008  
Xianiangma Agricultural technique
Jianzha Maketang Town o popularization 80 mu of walnut 4.80 2007-2008 ATPC Excellent
Agricultural technique 50 mu of apple and 35 mu
Jianzha Angla Xiang Hedong popularization of walnut 2.30 2007-2008 ATPC Excellent
County veterinary
Jianzha Angla Xiang Hedong Livestock shed Construction of 30 sheds 45.00 2008 station Excellent
Hardening of 5km village
Jianzha Angla Xiang Hedong Road hardening project road 51.60 2007 CHB Excellent
Village appearance County new
Jianzha Dangshun Xiang Dongdang improvement Construction of 10 toilets 2.00 2008 agriculture office Completed
Agricultural technique ATPC
Jianzha Dangshun Xiang Dongdang popularization 40 mu of prickly ash 0.60 2007-2008 Excellent
Agricultural technique 230 of red pepper and 500 ATPC
Jianzha Kangyang Town Gequ popularization mu of walnut 53.69 2007-2008 Excellent
Hardening of 17.9km village
Jianzha Kangyang Town Gequ Road hardening road 12200 2007 CHB Excellent
Total 1800.31      
ATPC = agricultural technical popularization centre; CHB = county highway brigade; CRO = county resettlement office.

82
According to the Opinion of the State Council on Improving the Post-
resettlement Support Policy of Large and Medium Reservoirs (Guo Fa [2006] No.17):
The scope of post-resettlement support shall be rural displaced persons of large and
medium reservoirs, in which reservoir displaced persons relocated by June 30, 2006
shall be the existing population, and those relocated from July 1, 2006 shall be the
former population. During the support period, the central government shall verify the
existing population of reservoir displaced persons relocated by June 30, 2006 of all
provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central
government at a time without further adjustment; the specific policy for the natural
variation of the displaced population shall be determined by each province,
autonomous region or municipality directly under the central government itself, and
rural displaced persons that have been turned into the nonagricultural status shall no
longer be included in the scope of post-resettlement support; the subsidy standard
shall be 600 yuan per capita-year for all displaced persons to be supported; the
support period shall be 20 years from July 1, 2006 for those to be supported
relocated by June 30, 2006; and 20 years from the date of relocation for those to be
supported relocated from July 1, 2006.
It has been confirmed that the population subject to post-resettlement support of
the Gongboxia hydroelectric station is 7,01817, as detailed in Table 5.

Table 5 Population subject to post-resettlement support of the Gongboxia hydroelectric


station
Population to be
Mode of
Town/ Xiang Village supported
resettlement
subsequently
Shangtan Village, Xiazangtan Central relocation 1,606
Maketang Town Xiatan Village, Xiazangtan Central relocation 420
Niangmao Move back 6
Angla Xiang Hedong New Village Central relocation 172
Dangshun Xiang Dongdang Move back 53
Kangyang Town Gequ Move back 22
Gongboxia Longkang Village 1 Central relocation 1,550
Admin. Longkang Village 2 Central relocation 717
Committee Longkang Village 3 Central relocation 402
Qunke Move back 112
Qunke Town Tuan’er Move back 85
Rilan Move back 519
Tangsigang, Xitan, Shuiche,
Gandu Town Move back 475
Ahua
Moving to
Galeng Xiang Zongwu 97
relatives/friends
Gushenqun Central relocation 406
Chahandusi
Zanshang Move back 160
Xiang
Dazhuang Move back 61
Other population 155
Total 7,018
17
Population has grown since the beginning of resettlement.

83
IV. Evaluation of resettlement results

1. Overall evaluation
According to the survey, the displaced persons of the Gongboxia Reservoir will
be resettled by moving back, central relocation and moving to relatives/friends
mainly. The first two modes involve 17 villages in 9 towns/xiangs or units. Of the 17
resettlement villages, 11 are located in the Gongboxia irrigation area, and their
villagers will benefit directly from this proposed ADB financed subproject. In addition,
based on a comparison of the average income of the 17 affected villages and their
towns/xiangs, the average income of the resettlement villages is higher than that of
their towns/xiangs. None of these are poverty villages. See Table 6.

Table 6 Overall evaluation of resettlement villages


Income level
Main Is it within
Town/ Mode of (yuan/person)
County Village Population ethnic Project
Xiang resettlement Town/
minority Village areas?
Xiang
Shangtan
Central
Village, 1606 Tibetan 1910 1844 No
relocation
Xiazangtan
Maketang
Xiatan
Town Central
Village, 420 Hui 1915 1844 No
relocation
Xiazangtan
Jianzha Niangmao Move back 6 Tibetan 1870 1844 No
Angla Hedong Central Tibetan,
172 2544 2281 No
Xiang New Village relocation Hui
Dangshun
Dongdang Move back 53 Tibetan 2230 2049 No
Xiang
Kangyang Tibetan,
Gequ Move back 22 2420 2346 Yes
Town Hui
Longkang Central
1550 Hui 3715 3128 Yes
Village 1 relocation
Gongboxia
Longkang Central
Admin. 717 Hui 3699 3128 Yes
Village 2 relocation
Committee
Longkang Central
402 Tibetan 3693 3128 Yes
Village 3 relocation
Hualong Qunke Move back 112 Hui 3560 3150 Yes
Qunke
Tuan’er Move back 85 Hui 3552 3150 Yes
Town
Rilan Move back 519 Tibetan 3909 3150 Yes
Tangsigang,
Gandu Xitan, Tibetan,
Move back 475 3585 3128 Yes
Town Shuiche, Hui
Ahua
Galeng Resorting to
Zongwu 97 Tibetan 1954 1797 No
Xiang relatives/friends
Central
Gushenqun 406 Salar 2694 2470 Yes
Xunhua Chahandusi relocation
Xiang Zanshang Move back 160 Salar 3218 2470 Yes
Dazhuang Move back 61 Salar 2845 2470 Yes
Other population 155      
Source: Qinghai Resettlement Office, county resettlement offices and Yellow River Support Office

2. Case analysis

84
During April-May 2009, the Qinghai PMO performed a random survey of the
post-resettlement living conditions of the displaced persons of the Gongboxia
Reservoir in the form of field observation, FGD and door-to-door interview. The main
resettlement area surveyed is Gandu Farm in Hualong County (presently named
Longkang Villages 1, 2 and 3).

Figure 1 Longkang New Village

 Land possession before and after resettlement


Longkang New Village consists of 3 teams, which are Villages 1, 2 and 3.
The per capita arable area of this village was 0.7 mu before relocation and about
1 mu after relocation. The crops grown by the villagers are winter wheat and
rape mainly. According to the survey, the per mu output of spring wheat mu is
about 500 jin and that of winter wheat about 1,000 jin. The present irrigation rate
is about 26 yuan/mu-time, and 4-5 irrigations are needed per annum. The
irrigation costs are borne by the Office for Supporting the Construction of
Hydroelectric Projects in the Upper Yellow River (Yellow River Support Office for
short), alleviating the burden on the displaced persons. In addition, there are
orchards of 86 mu in Kanglong Village 2, which have been allocated to all
households evenly and used to grow apricots mainly.
 Housing conditions before and after resettlement
The housing sites of Longkang New Village had been allocated before the
relocation of the displaced persons. The average household housing site area of
this village was about 1 mu before relocation and 0.6 mu (about 420 m 2) after
relocation. The displaced persons got a housing site by “land replacement”; and
their houses and house attachments were compensated for in cash. After the
displaced persons received the compensation, they built a house at the planned
resettlement site themselves. When building new houses, the displaced persons
were free to utilize old materials; in addition, the displaced persons could receive
a moving subsidy of 500 yuan per capita. According to the survey, most of the
displaced persons have got much better living conditions, as shown in Figure 2.

85
Figure 2 The new house of a household (with characteristics of the courtyard economy)

 “Three supplies and one leveling” before and after resettlement


The infrastructure on the resettlement site were planned and constructed by the
government in a unified manner. The supporting water, electricity and traffic works
have been completed, and the land has been leveled, realizing “three supplies and
one leveling”. In terms of water supply, irrigation water was supplied by primary
irrigation pumping stations mainly before relocation and by quaternary stations after
relocation; irrigation costs are high, but are paid by the Yellow River Support Office
for the displaced persons. The irrigation costs of the 3 village teams are 760,000
-780,000 yuan per annum. Presently, drinking water is delivered to water cellars
mainly, and tap water is unavailable to some displaced persons’ houses, causing
inconvenience to their drinking. After the north trunk canal is completed, the villagers
can get drinking and irrigation water more conveniently by gravity, and the cultivation
of cash crops can be expanded. In terms of traffic, the displaced persons generally
think the traffic conditions have improved greatly over the past, and the village roads
have formed a complete set, about 3-5m wide. The improvement in traffic conditions
has made many laborers in this village work outside, improving the level of
household income. See Figure 3 for the village roads of Longkang New Village.

Figure 3 Roads in Longkang New Village

 Post-resettlement educational, medical and religious facilities


A primary school, a health center and a mosque have been built in the
village to meet the villagers’ needs for elementary education, basic medical
treatment and worship. Before relocation, the students in the village had to go to
school over a long distance, and the teaching environment was poor; after
relocation, the primary school is just on the southwest of Longkang New Village,
where teaching facilities and conditions have improved a lot; a health center has
been built in the village and almost all the villagers have covered the new rural

86
medical insurance, reducing their medical expenses greatly. Annual average
expenditure of medical treatment is 20 yuan/person. The rebuilt mosque was
funded mainly by the government and also by the villagers, so that the villagers
can worship nearby. The displaced persons are satisfied with these public
facilities. See Figures 4, 5 and 6 for the primary school, the health center and the
mosque, respectively, for the Longkang New Village.
Figure 5 Health Center

Figure 4 Primary School

Figure 6 Mosque

 Post-resettlement support
The post-resettlement support policy has been in place since relocation
(Gongboxia resettlement began in the second half of 2007), where every
displaced person can receive a post-resettlement subsidy of 600 yuan per
capita-year for a period of 20 years. Everyone has a special account for such
subsidy and can receive it regularly. By the end of 2008, all displaced persons
had received the first sum of post-resettlement subsidy and were generally
satisfied.

V. Conclusion

The due diligence was conducted by the PPTA consultants with the assistance of
the Yellow River Support Office. The resettlement for this project was from 2004 to
2008, so the compensation standards and resettlement regulations were very good.
Reservoir resettlement involves some long distance displacement so it takes time for
affected households to adjust and restore their living conditions and livelihoods. The
Yellow River Support Office and the local governments have provided ongoing
support which was successful in speeding up this transition. Now, it appears that the
affected households have better and stable livelihoods. Therefore, no further
remedial measures are deemed necessary. These people will continue to receive
post-resettlement support from the government. Also, 11 of the 17 relocated villages
will be direct beneficiaries of the Gongboxia Irrigation Project.

87
Appendix 3 Public Participation and Main Points
Discussed
Time May 22, 2009
Location Dazhuang Village, Chahandusi Xiang
Organizer Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau
Leaders of Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau and Chahandusi Xiang
Participants
Government, Hohai University, 20 representatives of affected villagers (6 women)
Topic Willingness for house demolition and resettlement
The households affected by the trunk canal shall be compensated in cash directly;
Since newly reclaimed usable land is available, land replacement can be made,
Details and plus the crop compensation and reclamation fees during this period;
results The village collective will use newly reclaimed arable land for large-scale
operations, such as orchards, walnut gardens, cattle and sheep fattening farms,
etc.
Time May 21, 2009
Location Majia Village, Jiezi Town
Organizer Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau
Leaders of Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau and Jiezi Town Government,
Participants
Hohai University, 18 representatives of affected villagers (4 women)
Topic Willingness for house demolition, land acquisition and resettlement
The compensation fees for land acquisition should be preferably paid directly to the
affected households for their production and livelihoods.
Details and Their expectation is that in addition to cash compensation, the government should
results allocate or coordinate a housing site for self-building.
The requirement for the housing site is that it has a large area and is close to the
former site because the Salar people have the habit of worshipping there.
Time May 21, 2009
Location Shenjia Village, Jiezi Town
Organizer Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau
Leaders of Xunhua County Water Resources Bureau and Jiezi Town Government,
Participants
Hohai University, 15 representatives of affected villagers (5 women)
Topic Willingness for house demolition, land acquisition and resettlement
1) Cash compensation: Compensation fees will be used to develop local
characteristic crops and tourism, etc.
Details and
2) Or the government will allocate some land.
results
3) Since the area of land acquired of this village is small, many of the affected
households choose monetary resettlement.
Time May 24, 2009
Location Xiasihe Village, Gandu Town
Organizer Hualong County Water Resources Bureau
Leaders of Hualong County Water Resources Bureau and Gandu Town
Participants
Government, Hohai University, 16 representatives of affected villagers (6 women)
Topic Willingness for house demolition, land acquisition and resettlement
Details and 1) Many villagers think much land has been abandoned due to the local shortage of
results water; after the canal is completed, the additional usable barren land will be larger
than the acquired land, so reasonable cash compensation is needed only;
2) Since this village will also benefit from this subproject and get additional irrigation
area, some villagers expect partial land replacement in addition to cash
compensation;
3) Since growing vegetables and walnut is quite profitable there, some villagers
prefer direct cash compensation, and expect to increase income by adjusting
planting structure or renting others’ arable land for large-scale operation.
Appendix 4 Calculation Form of Resettlement Investment
Unit price of Gongboxia south canal Gongboxia north canal Total
Proportion
No. Item Unit compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation Remarks
(%)
(yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan)
Permanent land acquisition
1 65.21 73.01 138.22 27.0%
for trunk canals
Arable land mu 21840 9.91 21.64 0 0.00 9.91 21.64 4.2%
Dry land mu 14280 4.51 6.44 22.07 31.52 26.58 37.96 7.4%
Woodland mu 7280 9.51 6.92 0 0.00 9.51 6.92 1.4%
Garden mu 21840 1.65 3.60 0 0.00 1.65 3.60 0.7%
Housing site mu 20800 2.73 5.68 0 0.00 2.73 5.68 1.1%
Other land for construction mu 2080 8.52 1.77 0 0.00 8.52 1.77 0.3%
Unused land mu 990 193.43 19.15 419.17 41.50 612.6 60.65 11.8%
Permanent land occupation
2 73.92 55.81 129.73 25.3%
for branch canals
Arable land mu/year 21840 32.37 70.70 21.61 47.20 53.98 117.89 23.0%
Woodland mu/year 7280 0 0.00 2.8 2.04 2.8 2.04 0.4%
Barren land mu/year 990 30.3 3.00 66.39 6.57 96.69 9.57 1.9%
Flood land mu/year 990 2.28 0.23 0 0.00 2.28 0.23 0.0%
Permanent land occupation
3 0.97 1.05 2.02 0.4%
for construction
Barren land mu/year 110 33.94 0.75 37.23 0.82 71.17 1.57 0.3%
2 years
Flood land mu/year 110 10.3 0.23 10.5 0.23 20.8 0.46 0.1%
4 Houses and attachments 33.14 0 33.14 6.5%
4.1 Houses 32.45 0 32.45 6.3%
Masonry-timber m2 416 200.37 8.34 0 0 200.37 8.34 1.6%
Earth-timber m2 392 615.24 24.12 0 0 615.24 24.12 4.7%
Unit price of Gongboxia south canal Gongboxia north canal Total Proportion
No. Item Unit compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation (%) Remarks
(yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan)
4.2 Other compensation fees 0.69 0 0 0.69 0.1%
Moving subsidy Household 1500 3 0.45 0 0 0 0.45 0.1%
Living allowance for
Household 800 3 0.24 0 0 0 0.24 0.0%
transition period
5 Ground attachments 4.53 1.54 6.06 1.2%
Enclosure m2 19.33 150 0.29 50 0.10 200 0.39 0.1%
Gate tower / 800 5 0.40 2 0.16 7 0.56 0.1%
Toilet / 180 9 0.16 3 0.05 12 0.22 0.0%
Stockyard / 78 65 0.51 22 0.17 87 0.68 0.1%
Parterre m2 6.3 342 0.22 114 0.07 456 0.29 0.1%
Sapling / 20 36 0.07 12 0.02 48 0.10 0.0%
Small tree / 100 72 0.72 24 0.24 96 0.96 0.2%
Big tree / 400 54 2.16 18 0.72 72 2.88 0.6%
Subtotal of 1-5 177.77 131.41 309.18 60.3%
6 Other expenses 35.55 26.28 61.84 12.1%
Surveying, design and
10,000 yuan 3% 177.77 5.33 131.41 3.94 309.18 9.28 1.8%
research expenses
Administrative expenses 10,000 yuan 5% 177.77 8.89 131.41 6.57 309.18 15.46 3.0%
Technical training expenses 10,000 yuan 3% 177.77 5.33 131.41 3.94 309.18 9.28 1.8%
External monitoring and
10,000 yuan 4% 177.77 7.11 131.41 5.26 309.18 12.37 2.4%
evaluation expenses
Vulnerable group support 10,000 yuan 5% 177.77 8.89 131.41 6.57 309.18 15.46 3.0%
Subtotal of 1-6 213.33 157.69 371.02 72.4%
10,000
7 Contingency expenses 10% 213.33 21.33 157.69 15.77 371.02 37.10 7.2%
yuan
Subtotal of 1-7 234.66 173.46 408.12 79.6%
Unit price of Gongboxia south canal Gongboxia north canal Total Proportion
No. Item Unit compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation Physical Compensation (%) Remarks
(yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan) indicator (10,000 yuan)
8 Land acquisition taxes 53.98 50.40 104.38 20.4%
Farmland occupation tax mu 8337.5 46.79 39.01 43.68 36.42 90.47 75.43 14.7%
Farmland reclamation fee mu 3200 46.79 14.97 43.68 13.98 90.47 28.95 5.6%
Total of 1-8 288.65 223.86 512.50 100.0%
Proportion (%) 56.3% 43.7%
Appendix 5 External Monitoring TOR

A Purpose of resettlement monitoring and evaluation


According to ADB’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy, the resettlement work of the
Project will be subject to external monitoring and evaluation. The land acquisition and
resettlement work of project will be tracked and evaluated by checking the progress
of fund disbursement and use, management of land acquisition, house demolition
and relocation, income rehabilitation and other support measures. A comparative
analysis will be made of the variation and restoration of the production level and
standard of living of the displaced persons affected by land acquisition. While reports
are submitted to ADB, the Qinghai PMO and the competent authorities annually,
information and suggestions will also be provided as guidance to enhance
resettlement implementation. Through external monitoring and evaluation, ADB and
the implementing agencies can fully understand whether the land acquisition and
resettlement work is implemented on schedule and according to the quality standard.
This will improve resettlement supervision by point out existing issues, propose
suggestions for improvement and taking the required remedial actions in a timely
manner.

B Scope of resettlement monitoring and evaluation


(1) Monitoring and evaluation of implementation progress of land acquisition
and house demolition
 Including: (i) progress of land acquisition; (ii) progress of temporary land
occupation; (iii) demolition and rebuilding of rural houses; and (iv)
restoration of infrastructure.
(2) Monitoring and evaluation of availability and utilization of funds.
 Including: (i) availability of funds; and (ii) utilization of funds (planned vs.
actual).
(3) Monitoring and evaluation of the standard of living of the displaced persons
 Including: (i) production level and standard living of the displaced persons
before displacement; (ii) production level and standard living of the
displaced persons after displacement; and (iii) comparative analysis and
evaluation of production level and standard living of the displaced persons
before and after displacement.
(4) Monitoring how social and gender issues are managed for each ethnic
minority group, as well as vulnerable groups.
(5) Capacity evaluation of the implementing agencies, public participation,
complaints and appeals.

C Methodology
The methodology of external monitoring and evaluation is shown in Figure 1.
Project initiation

Preparation of monitoring and evaluation outline

Preparation of survey outline, survey form,


typical household record card

Design of sampling survey plan

Baseline survey

Setup of monitoring and evaluation management info system

Monitoring and survey

Monitoring of
Regional social Monitoring by Monitoring of households
villages affected by
& economic implementing affected by land acquisition /
land
survey agencies house demolition
acquisition

Compilation of monitoring data, setup of database

Comparative analysis and evaluation

Preparation of monitoring and evaluation report

No
Is resettlement monitoring complete?

End

Figure 1 Technical Route Map of External Monitoring

D External monitoring agency


The external resettlement monitoring and evaluation work of the project will be
undertaken by an external monitoring agency entrusted by the Qinghai PMO and
accepted by ADB.

94
E Organization and division of labor of resettlement monitoring and
evaluation
 The Qinghai PMO will entrust the external monitoring agency to take charge
of the survey, data collection and computational analysis for monitoring and
evaluation, and to review the corresponding findings.
 The external monitoring agency will set up a “resettlement monitoring and
evaluation team”, whose task is to monitor and evaluate the resettlement
work of the project, prepare the monitoring and evaluation outline, select
monitoring sites, take charge of field survey, monitoring and in-house
analysis, and prepare resettlement monitoring and evaluation reports.
 During the field monitoring and survey of the resettlement monitoring and
evaluation team, the Qinghai PMO will offer assistance in staffing, logistics
and coordinating with key agencies.

F Methods of resettlement monitoring and evaluation


 A combination of field survey, computational analysis and comprehensive
expert evaluation will be used for monitoring and evaluation.
 The survey will be conducted comprehensively. The progress, funds,
organization and management of implementation will be surveyed in all
aspects, while the displaced households will be subject to sampling survey.
 The sampling survey will be based on random sampling to track the fixed
displaced households in the typical sample. Sampling rates: 20% of
households affected18 by land acquisition, 100% of households affected by
house demolition and 50% of the affected villages.
 The complete survey will be conducted in the methods of form survey,
discussion and literature search, etc.
 Except written materials, photos, audio and video records, real objects will
also be collected.

G Reporting of external resettlement monitoring and evaluation


The external monitoring agency will submit a resettlement monitoring and
evaluation report to the Qinghai PMO and ADB annually.

18
The sample should target households that are that lose the most cultivated land.

95
Appendix 6 Resettlement Information Booklet

Resettlement Information
Booklet(RIB) for the Gongboxia
Irrigation Canal Project

Qinghai Provincial Office of Foreign-funded Water


Resources Development Projects
September 2009

96
Abbreviations

ADB - Asian Development Bank


FGD - Focus Group Discussion
EMDP - Ethnic Minority Development Plan
MEGDP - Multiethnic Group Development Plan
PMO - Project Management Office
PRC - People’s Republic of China
QPG - Qinghai Provincial Government
Qinghai Provincial Water
QPWRD -
Resources Department
WRD - Water Resources Department
WUA - Water User Association

Units

Currency unit = Yuan (RMB)


1.00 yuan = $0.15
1 hectare = 15 mu
1 jin = 0.5 kg

1
CONTENTS
1 OVERVIEW..........................................................................................................................................1
1.1 BACKGROUND......................................................................................................................................1
1.2 INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................................1
1.2.1 Impacts of land acquisition and house demolition..................................................................2
1.2.2 Socioeconomic benefits............................................................................................................4
1.2.3 Resettlement investment estimate and implementation plan....................................................4
1.3 REVIEW OF RESETTLEMENT OF THE GONGBOXIA HYDROELECTRIC STATION.....................................................4
2 AFFECTED AREAS AND SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE............................................................5
2.1 MEASURES TO AVOID OR MINIMIZE LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION..............................................5
2.1.1 Project design and site selection principles.............................................................................5
2.1.2 Comparative selection of options.............................................................................................5
2.2 RANGE OF SURVEY OF LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION IMPACTS...................................................6
2.3 SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE AFFECTED AREAS....................................................................................6
2.3.1 Socioeconomic profile of the affected region and counties......................................................6
2.3.2 Profile of the affected towns.....................................................................................................7
2.3.3 Profile of the affected administrative villages.........................................................................8
3 IMPACTS OF THIS SUBPROJECT................................................................................................11
3.1 IDENTIFICATION OF RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS............................................................................................11
3.2 ANALYSIS OF RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS....................................................................................................12
3.2.1 Permanent acquisition / additional occupation of collective land for the trunk canal and
impact analysis................................................................................................................................12
3.2.2 Temporary land occupation...................................................................................................21
3.2.3 Demolition of residential houses and impact analysis...........................................................22
3.2.4 Affected ground attachments..................................................................................................23
3.2.5 Affected population................................................................................................................23
THIS SUBPROJECT WILL AFFECT A TOTAL POPULATION OF 1,901 IN 384 HOUSEHOLDS, INCLUDING LAND ACQUISITION
AND HOUSE DEMOLITION FOR THE TRUNK CANALS AFFECTS A TOTAL POPULATION OF 783 IN 157 HOUSEHOLDS, AND
THE LAND OCCUPATION OF THE BRANCH CANALS A POPULATION OF 1,118 IN 227 HOUSEHOLDS, ALL FALLING INTO
ETHNIC MINORITIES, INCLUDING AND 1,027 SALAR PEOPLE IN 219 HOUSEHOLDS (ALL THE 3 AFFECTED HOUSEHOLDS
ARE SALAR HOUSEHOLDS) AND 874 HUI PEOPLE IN165 HOUSEHOLDS. SEE TABLE 3-12....................................23
3.3 AFFECTED POPULATION AND SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE...............................................................................24
3.3.1 Affected population................................................................................................................24
3.3.2 Sampling socioeconomic household survey...........................................................................24
3.4 ETHNIC MINORITIES.............................................................................................................................28
3.5 VULNERABLE GROUPS.........................................................................................................................29
3.6 IMPACTS ON WOMEN............................................................................................................................30
4 LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND POLICIES.......................................................................................32
4.1 LAWS, REGULATIONS AND POLICIES APPLICABLE TO RESETTLEMENT.............................................................32
4.2 ABSTRACT OF ADB'S INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT POLICY.....................................................................32
4.3 LAWS, REGULATIONS AND POLICIES OF THE PRC.....................................................................................34
4.4 MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ADB INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT POLICY AND LAWS OF THE PRC..............39
4.5 PRINCIPLES FOR COMPENSATION OF THIS SUBPROJECT................................................................................40
4.6 CUT-OFF DATE OF COMPENSATION.........................................................................................................41
4.7 DETERMINATION OF COMPENSATION STANDARDS FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS OF THIS SUBPROJECT..................41
4.7.1 Acquisition of collective land.................................................................................................41
4.7.2 Compensation for Temporary Land Occupation...................................................................44
4.7.3 Compensation for rural house demolition.............................................................................44
4.7.4 Compensation for attachments and infrastructure................................................................45
4.7.5 Standards for other costs.......................................................................................................45
4.7.6 Vulnerable groups..................................................................................................................46
4.7.7 Resettlement measures for women.........................................................................................46
4.7.8 Entitlement matrix..................................................................................................................47
5 RESETTLEMENT AND INCOME RESTORATION....................................................................51

2
5.1 PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES OF RESETTLEMENT...........................................................................................51
5.1.1 Purpose..................................................................................................................................51
5.1.2 Principles...............................................................................................................................51
5.2 RESETTLEMENT AND RESTORATION PLANS FOR AFFECTED VILLAGES.............................................................52
5.2.1 Summary of resettlement impacts and key restoration issues................................................52
5.2.2 Restoration measures for permanently acquired or occupied land.......................................53
5.2.3 Resettlement measures for demolished residential houses...................................................54
5.2.5 Restoration plan for temporarily occupied land...................................................................56
5.3 RESETTLEMENT LIVELIHOOD TRAINING...................................................................................................57
5.4 PROTECTION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS....................................................................................57
5.5 PROTECTION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES’ RIGHTS AND INTERESTS......................................................................58
5.6 ASSISTANCE MEASURES FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS....................................................................................59
5.6.1 Assistance measures for disabled, five-guarantee and female-headed households...............59
5.6.2 Assistance measures for low-income or poor households.....................................................59
5.7 RESTORATION PLAN FOR INFRASTRUCTURE..............................................................................................59
6 RESETTLEMENT ORGANIZATION.............................................................................................61
6.1 MANAGEMENT AGENCIES FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION.................................................................61
6.1.1 Organizational setup..............................................................................................................61
6.1.2 Responsibilities of agencies...................................................................................................61
6.2 STAFFING AND FACILITIES.....................................................................................................................63
6.2.1 Staffing...................................................................................................................................63
6.2.2 Facilities................................................................................................................................64
6.2.3 Institutional training program...............................................................................................64
7 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS......................................................66
7.1 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION.........................................................................................................................66
7.1.1 Participation at the preparation stage...................................................................................66
7.1.2 Participation plan for the implementation stage...................................................................67
7.2 COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS..................................................................................................................68
8 RESETTLEMENT BUDGET............................................................................................................69
8.1 RESETTLEMENT BUDGET......................................................................................................................69
8.2 RESETTLEMENT INVESTMENT PLAN AND SOURCES OF FUNDS.......................................................................70
8.3 MANAGEMENT AND DISBURSEMENT OF RESETTLEMENT FUNDS....................................................................70
9 RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN...........................................................................71
9.1 PRINCIPLES FOR RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION....................................................................................71
9.2 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE.................................................................................................................71
10 MONITORING AND EVALUATION............................................................................................73
10.1 INTERNAL MONITORING AND SUPERVISION.............................................................................................73
10.2 EXTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION............................................................................................74
10.2.1 Scope and methods of external monitoring..........................................................................74
10.2.2 Post-resettlement evaluation................................................................................................75
10.2.3 External monitoring reporting.............................................................................................75
11 APPENDIXES....................................................................................................................................76
APPENDIX 1 SCHEMATIC MAP OF THIS SUBPROJECT......................................................................................76
APPENDIX 2 RESETTLEMENT DUE DILIGENCE REPORT OF THE GONGBOXIA HYDROELECTRIC STATION.................77
APPENDIX 3 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND MAIN POINTS DISCUSSED................................................................88
APPENDIX 4 CALCULATION FORM OF RESETTLEMENT INVESTMENT.................................................................90
APPENDIX 5 EXTERNAL MONITORING TOR................................................................................................93
APPENDIX 6 RESETTLEMENT INFORMATION BOOKLET ..................................................................................96
1. OVERVIEW.........................................................................................................................................1
2. IMPACTS OF LAND ACQUISITION AND HOUSE DEMOLITION..........................................2
3. LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND POLICIES........................................................................................4
4. RESETTLEMENT ORGANIZATION..............................................................................................8

3
5. COMPLAINTS AND APPEALS........................................................................................................8
6. RESETTLEMENT BUDGET.............................................................................................................9
7. RESETTLEMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN............................................................................9

4
1. Overview
The Gongboxia Reservoir irrigated areas are located in Xunhua and Hualong
Counties, Qinghai Province, consisting of valley terraces and some low hilly land on
both banks of the trunk stream of the Yellow River. The Gongboxia Reservoir
Irrigation Project diverts water from the irrigation ports reserved on the dam to
provide a water source to the agricultural development in the crop cultivation areas,
barren hills and slopes, and ecological management zones on both banks of the
Yellow River using the rich water resources of the Gongboxia Reservoir and the
Yellow River. This subproject is expected to generate the following economic
benefits:
 Improving the existing irrigation conditions and increasing irrigation area;
 Adjusting the planting structure; and
 Improving the ecological quality of the irrigated areas.

This subproject consists of a south and a north irrigation canal. The south canal
runs through Jishi Town, Jiezi Town and Chahandusi Xiang, Xunhua County; the
north canal runs through Jishi Town, Xunhua County and Gandu Town and Jinyuan
Xiang, Hualong County; the south trunk canal has a total length of 27.308km, and the
north trunk canal 30.576km, with a planned irrigation area of 108,932 mu.
Meanwhile, the south trunk canal has 14 gravity branch canals and 3 irrigation
pumping stations. The total length of the south branch canals is 30.03Km; the north
trunk canal has 16 gravity branch canals, with a total length of 35.8Km. The south
and north canals have presently available segments of 25km in total.
According to the Standard for classification and flood control of water resources
and hydroelectric projects (SL252-2000), the size of this subproject is Class 3,
medium size.
The design flow rates of the south and north trunk canals are 3.77 m 3/s and 4.34
m3/s respectively; according to the Code for design of irrigation and drainage
engineering (GB50288-99), the south and north trunk canals are classified as Class 5
works based on design flow rate. The south and north branch and lower canals and
facilities are classified as Class 5.
According to the technical code for design19, design flood standard is once in 10
years, and calibrated flood standard is once in 30 years. See Table 1-1 for the
engineering overview of this subproject. See Appendix for the schematic map of this
subproject.
Table 1-24 Engineering Overview of this Subproject
Gongboxia Gongboxia
Item Remarks
south canal north canal
Affect counties Xunhua and
Xunhua
Hualong
County
Counties
Trunk canal
27.308 30.576
length (km)
Planned 51,635 57,297 Standard for classification and flood control
irrigation area of water resources and hydroelectric projects

19
Compulsory Provisions of Engineering Construction Standards (Water Conservancy
Engineering), 2004 Edition

1
Gongboxia Gongboxia
Item Remarks
south canal north canal
(mu)
Engineering
grade (based (SL252-2000)
Class 3, medium size
on irrigation
area)
Design flow
3
3.77 4.34
rate (m /s)
Engineering Code for design of irrigation and drainage
grade (based engineering (GB50288-99)
Class 5
on design flow
rate)
14 gravity
branch canals,
30.03km long, 16 gravity
The south and north canals have presently
Attachments with 3 branch canals,
available segments of 25km in total.
irrigation 35.8km long
pumping
stations
Source: Feasibility Study Report

The total investment in this subproject is 660.2129 million yuan, which is


conceived to consist of a financial organization loan and other funds. A loan of US$20
million (equivalent to 136.6 yuan) will be obtained from ADB, while the other funds
will be from government finance. The budget for engineering land occupation and
resettlement will be 5.12 million yuan, accounting for 0.70% of total investment, all
being domestic counterpart funds. According to the size of this subproject and the
technical construction conditions, the overall construction period has been fixed at 3
years, from 2010 to 2013.

2. Impacts of land acquisition and house demolition


According to the survey of the Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and
the Qinghai Water & Hydropower Design Institute, the main resettlement impacts of
this subproject are permanent land acquisition for trunk canals, land occupation for
branch canals, temporary land occupation and demolition of rural residential houses,
etc.
This subproject is divided into the Gongboxia south and north irrigation canals.
The areas affected by land acquisition and house demolition of the south canal cover
7 villages in Chahandusi Xiang, 4 villages in Jiezi Town, 2 villages in Jishi Town and
the Gongboxia hydroelectric station; the areas affected by land acquisition and house
demolition of the north canal cover 11 villages in Gandu Town and 1 village in
Jinyuan Xiang, Hualong County; 36 villages in 5 towns/Xiangs are affected in total.
671.50 mu of land will be acquired for the trunk canals permanently, including
36.49 mu of arable land, 1.65 mu of garden, 9.51 mu of woodland, 2.73 mu of

2
housing sites, 8.52 mu of other land for construction20 and 612.60 mu of unused
land21. The population affected by land acquisition for trunk canals is 756 in 154
households.
The branch canals will occupy 155.76 mu of land, including 53.99 mu of arable
land, 2.80 mu of woodland, 2.28 mu of flood land and 96.69 mu of barren land,
affecting a population of 1,118 in 227 households.
Temporarily occupied land area will be 91.97 mu, including 20.80 mu of flood
land and 71.17 mu of barren land.
The demolition of rural residential houses designed for this subproject will be
caused by the construction of the south trunk canal only, involving 27 people in 3
households and a house area of 815.61 m2.
The main resettlement impacts of this subproject are summarized in Table 1-2.
Table 2-25 Summary of Key Resettlement Impacts

Gongboxia Irrigation Canal


Project
Project Total
Subproject South canal North canal
Affected town/Xiang 3 2 5
Affected admin. village 18 18 36
Subtotal 230.26 441.24 671.50
Permanent land
Arable land,
acquisition (mu) 28.84 22.07 50.91
woodland, garden
Land occupation for branch canals (mu) 64.95 90.81 155.76
Temporary land occupation (mu) 44.24 47.73 91.97
2
Demolition of rural houses (m ) 815.61 0 815.61
Land Households 82 72 154
acquisition
Population 410 346 756
only
House Households 3 0 3
Population demolition Population 27 0 27
affected by House Households 0 0 0
trunk canals demolition
and land Population 0 0 0
acquisition
Households 85 72 157
Subtotal
Population 437 346 783
Population Households 134 93 227
Land
affected by
acquisition
branch Population 590 528 1118
only
canals
Total of affected Households 219 165 384
population Population 1027 874 1901
Source: survey by Qinghai Land Surveying & Mapping Institute and Qinghai Water & Hydropower
Design Institute

20
Other land for construction includes other farmland, settlements, independent industrial and
mining land, land for transportation and water conservancy.
21
Unused land includes barren grassland, bare land, shoals and river surfaces.

3
3. Legal Framework and Policies
The resettlement policies for this subproject are formulated based on ADB
policies and the applicable laws, regulations and policies of China mainly, including:
1) ADB policy and guidelines
 Involuntary Resettlement Policy, November 1995
 Handbook on Resettlement: A Guide to Good Practice, 1998
 Gender Checklist: Resettlement, February 2003
2) Laws, regulations and policies of the PRC
 Land Management Law of the People's Republic of China (effective from
January 1, 1999, amended on August 28, 2004)
 Decision of the State Council on Deepening Reform and Exercising Strict
Land Management (Guo Fa [2004] No.28) (October 21, 2004)
 Regulations on Land and Resources Hearing (effective from May 1, 2004)
 Guidelines on Improving Compensation and Resettlement Systems for Land
Acquisition (MLR Fa [2004] No.238) (November 3, 2004)
 Measures for the Administration of Preliminary Examination of Land Used for
Construction Projects (Ministry of Land and Resources Decree No.42)
(January 1, 2009)
 Measures on Public Announcement of Land Acquisition (effective from
January 1, 2002)
3) Provincial policies
 Procedures of Qinghai Province on the Implementation of the Land
Management Law of the People’s Republic of China (October 2006)
 Interim Standards of Qinghai Province for the Compensation for Land
Acquired for Construction of Large and Medium Hydroelectric Stations in the
Upper Yellow River (Provincial Land and Resources Department) (April
2007)
4) Applicable codes and standards
 Standard for classification and flood control of water resources and hydroelectric
projects (SL252-2000)
 Code for design of irrigation and drainage engineering (GB50288-99)
 Compulsory Provisions of Engineering Construction Standards (Water
Conservancy Engineering), 2004 Edition
 Code for organization design of water resources and hydroelectric engineering
construction
 Current Land Use Classification (GB/T 21010-2007)

4
Table 3-26 Entitlement Matrix
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
The villagers meet to decide the allocation
of funds, the adjustment of land and
1) Land compensation fees and resettlement subsidy
Land 636 people in 129 income-generating investment activities,
671.50 mu of collective will be paid directly to the collective economic
acquisition households in 26 e.g., improvement of cultivation/irrigation
land, including 36.39 mu organization of this village in full.
for trunk villages in 5 techniques and operating skills training.
of arable land 2) Ground attachment and crop compensation fees will
canals towns/xiangs The local government supervises village-
belong to their respective owners.
level restoration plans and training
programs.
The villagers meet to decide the allocation
1) Newly added irrigated land will be first allocated to
of funds, the adjustment of land and
households affected by land occupation for branch
income-generating investment activities,
Land canals;
e.g., improvement of cultivation/irrigation
occupation 155.76 mu, including 1,118 people in 2) The existing canal land will be used for branch
techniques and operating skills training.
for branch 53.99 mu of arable land 227 households. canal construction where possible; if new rural
If the canal is <2 meters wide, it still has to
canals collective land is to be occupied for branch canal
be compensated for though no acquired at
construction, the compensation standard shall be the
the same criterion as that of the land
same as that for land acquisition for the trunk canals.
acquired for the trunk canals.
The land should be approved, and barren land should Compensation fees are notified and paid
Temporary be used if available in advance, land reclamation is supervised
land 91.97 mu. / After the end of land occupation, the temporarily by local farmers and the land
occupation occupied land will be reinstated to the original administrative bureau.
condition
Demolition Demolition of 815.61 m2 27 people in 3 1) House compensation: calculated at replacement The village committee discusses the
of residential of rural residential households. costs of different structural types and quality standards selection of housing sites with the affected
houses houses 2) The affected people will receive a moving subsidy households.
and a transition fee. Try to rebuild new houses before

5
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
3) Housing sites will be provided and allocated to each
household before house demolition.
demolishing the old.
4) No house registration fee shall be charged;
5) Houses will be built according to ethnic customs.
1) Opportunities of prior employment are available,
and 30% unskilled job opportunities will be provided to
women.
2) The priority in receiving free technical training is
available. 2,000 person-times will be trained, with not The women’s association will provide
less than 1,000 person-times (50%) for female labor. awareness and livelihood training.
Women /
3) The affected people can have access to relevant Equal pay for equal work for men and
information during resettlement, and participate in women; no child labor
consultation and resettlement.
4) The compensation agreement must be signed by
the couple.
5)participate WUAs and FPTA.
Vulnerable The number of households of vulnerable
groups 1) The village collective will retain the land groups will be rechecked at the detailed
compensation fees and resettlement subsidy of five- surveying and delimitation stage, and their
1) Disabled, five- guarantee households to provide monthly living standard of living monitored up to the
guarantee and female- 18 households allowance and free medical treatment; completion of resettlement.
headed households 2) A special allowance will be granted to the disabled; These measures will be implemented at
3) Priority will be given to the training and employment 1% of the basic resettlement budget,
of the labor of these households. which can come from contingency
expenses.
2) Low-income or poor 127 households 1) Skills raining is provided to 2 family members,
households (below the including at least one woman; priority in employment

6
Type of
Degree of impact Owner Compensation and resettlement policy Implementation
impact
will be offered (e.g., job or construction of this
subproject).
national poverty line) 2)Additional irrigated land will be allocated first if
possible.
3) The local government provides subsidy.
1) The affected special facilities will be compensated
for by the implementing agencies to property owners,
Special
and then restored by property owners, or restored by
facilities and 8 types, including gate the implementing agencies according to the original
Property owner
ground tower and tree standard and size.
attachments 2) The compensation for ground attachments shall be
calculated in accordance with the pertinent provisions.
Free of charge. All costs reasonably incurred will be
Complaints
/ All affected people disbursed from the contingency expenses of this Grievance mechanism will be established.
and appeals subproject.

7
4. Resettlement Organization
To ensure that resettlement is carried out successfully and the expected results
are fulfilled, a top down organization must be set up at the implementation stage to
plan, coordinate and monitor resettlement activities. Since resettlement is a very
comprehensive task that necessitates the assistance and collaboration of multiple
departments, the land and resources, water resources, forestry and agriculture
authorities will participate and assist in the implementation of resettlement. Each of
the affected towns and villages has 1-2 leaders responsible chiefly for the assistance
in resettlement. The agencies responsible for land acquisition and house demolition
in this subproject include:
 Qinghai Provincial Leading Group of Foreign-funded Water Resources
Development Projects (Project Leading Group)
 Office of Foreign-funded Water Resources Development Projects, QPWRD
(Qinghai PMO)
 County leading groups of foreign-funded water resources development
projects
 County PMOs
 Town people’s governments
 Village committees (neighborhood committees)
 Project design agency
 Independent monitoring and evaluation agency
 Other authorities: land and resources, resettlement, forestry, women’s
association, agriculture, etc.

5. Complaints and appeals


Public participation is encouraged throughout the preparation and
implementation of the Resettlement Action Plan. Therefore, it is likely that great
disputes will not arise. However, some unexpected issues may arise from this
process. In order to address such issues and ensure the successful construction and
land acquisition of this subproject, a transparent and effective appeal channel has
been established. The basic procedure is as follows:
Stage 1: If any right of any displaced person is infringed upon in any aspect of
land acquisition and resettlement, he/she can report this to the village committee.
Either the committee or the displaced person may seek for a solution from the town
government through consultation. After receipt of an appeal, the town government
will record it, and study a solution together with the committee and the displaced
person within 2 weeks.
Stage 2: If the complainant is dissatisfied with the disposition of Stage 1, he/she
may file an appeal to the county PMO after receiving such disposition, which shall
make a disposition within 2 weeks.
Stage 3: If the complainant is dissatisfied with the disposition of Stage 2, he/she
may file an appeal to the Qinghai PMO after receiving such disposition, which shall
make a disposition within 2 weeks.
Stage 4: f the complainant is still dissatisfied with the disposition of stage 3,
he/she may file an appeal to the administrative authorities with competent jurisdiction
level by level for arbitration in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Law of
the People’s Republic of China after receiving such disposition.

8
Stage 5: If the complainant is still dissatisfied with the arbitration award, he/she
may bring an action to a civil court in accordance with the Administrative Procedure
Law after receiving such award.
All agencies concerned will accept the affected people’ complaints and appeals
free of charge, and all costs reasonably incurred will be disbursed from the
contingency expenses of this subproject. At the whole construction stage, this appeal
procedure will remain effective so that the affected people can use it to solve relevant
issues. The above appeal channel and the right of appeal will be notified to the
displaced persons through the participation process at a public meeting and the
resettlement information booklet. In the meantime, appeal proceedings will be
disclosed to the affected population people through media.

6. Resettlement Budget
All expenses incurred during land acquisition and resettlement will be included in
the general budget of this subproject. Based on prices of December 2008, the total
resettlement expenses of this subproject are 5.12 million yuan. The resettlement
expenses are shown in Table 8-18.
Table 6-27 Budget of Resettlement Expenses
Unit: 10,000 yuan
Gongboxia Gongboxia north
No. Item Total Proportion (%)
south canal canal
Permanent land
1 acquisition for trunk 65.2 73.0 138.2 27.0%
canals
Permanent land
2 occupation for branch 73.9 55.8 129.7 25.3%
canals
Permanent land
3 occupation for 1.0 1.1 2.0 0.4%
construction
Houses and
4 33.1 0.0 33.1 6.5%
attachments
5 Ground attachment 4.5 1.5 6.1 1.2%
Subtotal of 1-5 177.8 131.4 309.2 60.4%
6 Other expenses 35.6 26.3 61.8 12.1%
Subtotal of 1-6 213.3 157.7 371.0 72.5%
Contingency
7 21.3 15.2 36.6 7.1%
expenses
Subtotal of 1-7 234.7 172.9 407.6 79.6%
8 Land acquisition taxes 54.0 50.4 104.4 20.4%
Total of 1-8 288.6 223.3 512.0 100.0%
Proportion (%) 56.3% 43.7% 100.0%  

7. Resettlement Implementation Plan


According to the implementation schedule of this subproject, the construction
works will commence in 2010 and be completed in 2013. To ensure that the

9
resettlement schedule is linked up to the construction schedule, land acquisition will
start from January 2010 and end in December 2013. The implementation schedule of
this subproject is shown in Table 9-20.
Table 7-28 Implementation Schedule of Resettlement
No.. Task Subject Agency responsible Date Status
1 Information disclosure
Draft resettlement plan Sep. 10,
1.1 2 counties
issued to county PMOs 2009
36 affected Sep. 30,
1.2 Information booklet PMO and QPWRD  
villages 2009
Implementing
Resettlement plan published
1.3 agencies, PMO & Oct. 2009  
on the ADB website
ADB
2 Resettlement plan and financial budget
Approved resettlement plan Qinghai Provincial
5.12 million
2.1 and financial budget Government and Dec. 2009  
yuan
(compensation rate) PMO
3 Detailed measurement and survey
Nov. 30,
3.1 Trunk and branch canals QPWRD  
2009
4 Compensation agreement
36 affected County land & Mar. 2010 -
4.1 Rural land agreement  
villages resources bureaus Mar. 2013
Household contracting 381 affected Mar. 2010 -
4.2 Village committees
agreement households Apr. 2013
5 House demolition
Towns/Xiangs, village
Selection and approval of 3 affected Dec. 2009-
5.1 committees & affected
resettlement area households Feb. 2010
households
Village committees
Mar.-Oct.
5.2 New house construction 3 houses and affected
2010
households
Contractors, affected
5.3 House demolition 3 houses Aug. 2010
households
3 affected
5.4 Moving into new houses Affected households Oct. 2010
households
6 Execution of restoration measures
Payment of land
compensation fees to the 36 affected Towns/Xiangs, village Mar. 2010 -
6.1  
affected households, which villages committees Mar. 2013
may be adjusted if necessary
Consultation on income Towns/Xiangs, village
381 affected Feb.-Nov.
6.2 restoration, business and job committees, labor,
households 2010
opportunities affected households
381 affected Labor and social Apr. 2010-
6.3 Execution of training program  
households security bureau Apr. 2012
6.4 Identification of vulnerable 145 affected Labor and social Apr.-Dec.
groups and assistance households security bureau, PMO 2010

10
No.. Task Subject Agency responsible Date Status
measures
Identification and
employment of labor from the Affected PMO, contractor, Apr. 2010-
6.5
affected households for population labor Dec. 2012
construction
7 Resettlement capacity building
Training of resettlement staff
7.1 of QPWRD and county 20 persons ADB Dec. 2009
PMOs
Training of town/Xiang and 100 officials PMO, land & Jan.-Mar.
7.2
village officials and leaders resources bureau 2010
8 Monitoring and evaluation
Independent monitoring Mar. 31,
8.1 1 PMO  
agency 2010
1 survey Independent Apr. 30,
8.2 Baseline survey  
report monitoring agency 2010
Establishment of internal Implementing Mar. 31,
8.3  
supervision agencies and PMO 2010
Half-year (as Implementing From Jun..
8.4 Internal monitoring report
necessary) agencies and PMO 30, 2010
Jan. 2011 1st report
External monitoring and
8.5 Annual Monitoring agency Feb. 2012 2nd report
evaluation reports
Jan. 2013 3rd report
Jan. 2014 4th report
Resettlement completion Implementing
8.6 1 report Jun. 2014  
report agencies and PMO
Implementing
9 Consultation documents Ongoing
agencies
Implementing
10 Complaint documents Ongoing
agencies
11 Compensation and resettlement funds for land
11.1 For implementing agencies Startup funds   Feb. 2010  
12 Start of land acquisition and civil works
From May
12.1 Trunk and branch canals QPWRD  
31, 2010

11