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AB HURAYRA AND THE FALSIFICATION OF

HADTH
By
YasinT.alJibouri
Mu`wiyahibnAbSufynibnHarb(602680A.D.),arelativeoftheProphet
ofIslamfromtheQuraishtribe,playedamajorroleindistortingtheIslamic
creedbypayingwriterstotailordesigntraditionstoservehisinterestsand
supporthisdeviatedviews.HeinstalledhimselfasrulerofSyria1in40
A.H./661A.D.andruledfortwentylongyearstillhisdeathattheageof
seventyeight.Mu`wiyahdeclaredhimselfcaliphinSyriawhenhewas59
yearsoldandassumedauthoritybysheerforce.Hewasneitherelectednor
requestedtotakecharge.Hedidnothidethisfact;rather,hebraggedaboutit
oncewhenheaddressedtheKufianssaying,OpeopleofKfa!Doyouthink
thatIfoughtyouinorderthatyoumayestablishprayersorgivezakator
performthepilgrimage?!Iknowthatyoudopray,payzakatandperformthe
pilgrimage.Indeed,Ifoughtyouinordertotakecommandoveryouwith
contempt,andAllhhasgivenmethatagainstyourwishes.Restassuredthat
whoeverkilledanyofuswillhimselfbekilled.andthetreatybetweenusof
amnestyisundermyfeet.2
Shortlybeforehisdeath,whichtookplaceonRajab30,60A.H./May6,680
A.D.,hemanagedtosecuretheoathofallegiancetohiscorruptandimmoral
son,Yazid,ashissuccessor.Hedidsobyintimidationonceandoncebybuying
loyaltyandfavors,spendingintheprocesshugesumsofmoneythatbelonged
totheMuslims,fundsoftheirbaytulml,statetreasury.Theweakminded
majorityoftheMuslimsofhistimesworeallegiancetohim.Thisprovesthat
themajoritydoesnotnecessarilyhavetoberight.ImmalHussain(),
togetherwithasmallbandofdevoteestothecauseoftruth,refusedtobowtheir
headstotheoppressiveforces.
YettheworsttypeofmischiefwhichMu`wiyahcommittedwashisembarking
onthetaskoffabricatinghadth,traditionsdetailingwhattheProphetofIslam(
1Actually, it was not Syria but Sham, a word which is not quite common in English.

Sham used at the time to include Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan.
2 Ibn Abul-Hadid, Sharh Nahjul-Balgha , Vol. 16, p. 15.

)saidordid.HadthisoneofthetwosourcesofIslamslegislativesystem,
theSharia,theotherbeingtheHolyQurn.SelectingImmAli()ashis
lifetimesadversary,Mu`wiyahsoonfoundoutthathiscausewashopeless.
AlismeritswereverywellrecognizedbyeveryMuslimwhileMu`wiyahs
familyanddismalconductweretheobjectsoftheircontempt.Mu`wiyahspast
recordwasdarkandshamefulwhereasthatofAli()wasgloriousandshining,
fullofheroismindefenseofIslam.
Inordertosustainhiscampaignandraisethestatusofhislikes,Mu`wiyahhad
toattracttheremnantofsomecompanionsoftheProphet()whosecharacters
wereknowntobeweakandwhohadagenuineinterestinthematerialthingsof
thisworld,initsvanishingriches.Heemployedthemtofabricatetraditions
customdesignedtohisowntailoring.Thistrendoffabricatinghadth
constitutedagravedangertotheintegrityoftheIslamictenets.Itwasvery
importanttowardoffsuchadanger.ToexposesuchatrendtotheMuslimsat
largewasveryvital,pivotal,ofthehighestpriority.Itwouldbeaccomplished
byexposinganddisgracingthosewhoembarkedoncommittingandnurturing
suchterriblemischief.ImmalHussainsrevolutionbrokeoutinorderto
undertakethisverytask.
Letusnowreviewafewsamplesoffabricatedtraditions3.
Themainfigurecreditedwithfabricatingtraditionsbythethousandswas
oneAbHurayra.Whoisthisman?
Intheyear7A.H./629A.D.,ayoungandverypoormanfromtheDawstribeof
southernArabia(Yemen)namedAbHurayramettheProphet()
immediatelyafterthebattleofKhaybarandembracedIslam.Heiswellknown
inhistoryasAbHurayra,thefellowofthekitten,afterakittentowhichhe
wasverymuchattached.Hisnameshoneneitherduringthelifetimeofthe
ProphetnorofthefourrighteouscaliphsbutduringtheunIslamicreignof
terroroftheUmayyadswhichlastedfrom661to750A.D.Itwasthenthatthe
Islamicworldwitnessedanastronomicalnumberoftraditionswhichwere
3 For more information about this man, Ab Hurayra, refer to Shas are the Ahl asSunnah, a book written in Arabic by Dr. Muammed at-Tijani as-Samawi and
translated into English by myself. It is available for sale from Vantage Press, Inc., 516
West 34th Street, New York, N.Y. 10001, or you may order it through the Internets
worldwide web: www.amazon.com. Its title in the said web is Shas are the Ahl asSunnah.

attributed,throughthissameAbHurayra,totheProphetofIslam().Since
thesetraditions,knowncollectivelyashadth,constituteoneofthetwosources
oftheIslamiclegislativesystem,theShar`a,itisveryimportanttoshedlight
onthelifeandcharacterofthisman.
AbHurayraissupposedtohavequotedtheProphet()assaying,Allhhas
trustedthreepersonsforHisrevelation:Myself,GabrielandMu`wiyah.We
wonderwhatAllhwasdoingfortherevelationwhenMu`wiyahwasinthe
campoftheinfidels.ThisquotationiscitedbyIbnAsakir,Ibn`Uday,
MuammedibnAaith,MuammedibnAbdalSamarqandi,Muammedibn
MubarakalSuriandalKhateebalBaghdadi.TheyallquoteAbHurayraas
saying,
::
Imagine!HeevenputshisnamebeforethatofarchangelGabriel!
Astaghfirullh!
AccordingtoalKhateebalBaghdadi,AbHurayraclaimed,
!:
TheProphet()gaveMu`wiyahanarrowthensaidtohim,Takethisarrow
untilwemeetinParadise.WhataluckyarrowtoenterParadise!Letusstop
heretodiscussthisman,AbHurayra,whomayhavehadthelionssharein
distortingtheProphetsSunnahespeciallywhenwecometoknowthathewas
quotedbyahostoftabinwhointurnarequotedbyhundredsotherswhoin
turnarequotedbythousandsothers...,andsoonandsoforth.Thisiswhyhis
nameisintheforefrontofnarratorsofhadth.
ItisofutmostimportancetoexposethefactsrelevanttoAbHurayrasothat
Muslimsmaybecautiouswhenevertheycomeacrossatraditionnarratedby
himorattributedtohimwhich,allinall,reachedtheastronomicalfigureof
5,374traditions,thatis,moretraditionsthananyoneelseinhistory...This
figureisquestionednotonlyduetotheshortperiodduringwhichhesawthe
ProphetbutalsoduetothefactthatAbHurayradidnotknowhowtoreadand
write,andalthoughhespentnomorethanthreeyearsinthecompanyofthe
Prophet(),thatistosay,onandoff,wheneversuchcompanydidnotinvolve

anydangertohislife.ThisfactissupportedbytherenowncompileralBukhari,
themostfamouscompilerofhadth,whoendorsesnomorethan93ofthem!
Muslim,anothercompilerofhadth,endorsesonly89ofAbHurayrays
allegedahdth.Thereadercaneasilyconcludethatthisfigureof5,374
traditionsisquiteunrealisticwhenhecomestoknowthatAbBakr,friendof
theProphetandoneoftheearliestconvertstoIslam,narratednomorethan142
traditions.`OmaribnalKhattabnarratednomorethan537traditions.`Othman
ibn`Affannarratednomorethan146traditions.andAli,themanwhowas
raisedbytheProphetandwhowasalwayswithhim,followinghimlikehis
shadowfor32years,andwhosememoryandintegritynobodyatallcan
question,narratednomorethan586traditions.Allthesemen,especiallyAli
andAbBakr,spentmanyyearsoftheirlivesinthecompanyoftheProphet
anddidnothidewhentheirliveswereinjeopardy,asisthecasewithAb
Hurayra,yettheydidnotnarrateexceptatinyfractionofthenumberof
traditions,manyofwhichcannotbeacceptedbylogicandcommonsense,
narratedbyorattributedtoAbHurayra.
ThesefactsandfiguresarestatedinthefamousclassicreferencetitledSiyar
AlmanNubalbyatThahbi.Thisiswhyitissoimportantto
discussthismanandexposethefactoriesoffalsificationofhadthestablished
byhisbenefactors,theUmayyads,descendantsandsupportersofAbSufyn,
thenhissonMu`awiyah,thenhissonYazid,allofwhomwereoutright
hypocritesandhadabsolutelynothingtodowithIslam.
ThereisnoagreementaboutwhatAbHurayrasnamewas,norwhenhewas
bornorwhenhedied.Yethisnameissaidtobe`Omayribn`AmiribnAbd
ThishShariibnTareef,oftheYemenitetribeofDawsibn`Adnn1.His
mother'snameisUmaimadaughterofSafeehibnalHrithibnShabiibnAb
Sa`b,alsooftheDawstribe.Hisdateofbirthisunknown,butheissaidtohave
diedin57,58,or59A.H.,andthathehadlivedtobe78.Thiswouldputthe
1 1AccordingtoalMunjidfillughawala`lam ,however,Ab
Hurayra'snameisrecordedasAbdalRahmnibnSakhralAzdi,andthathediedin59
A.H./678A.D.Thesamereferenceindicatesthatthismanspentalongtimeinthe
companyoftheProphet,whichisnottrueatall;heaccompaniedtheProphetfromtime
totimeforlessthanthreeyears.ThePublisherofthisMunjid,namelyDaralMashriq
ofBeirut,Lebanon,issponsoredbytheCatholicPressofBeirut.Undoubtedly,the
information about Ab Hurayra in this ArabicArabic dictionary must have been
furnishedbySunniswhotrytheirbesttoelevatethestatusofAbHurayraevenatthe
riskofsacrificinghistoricalfacts.

dateofhisbirthat677,678or679A.D.SomesaythathisnamewasAbdul
RahmnibnSakhralAzdi.HeacceptedIslamin7A.H./6289A.D.
immediatelyaftertheBattleofKhaybar,andhewasthenmorethanthirtyyears
old.HewasoneofthoseindigentMuslimswhohadnohousetolivein,sothey
werelodgedattheSuffa,arowofroomsadjacenttotheProphetsmosquein
Medna.Theseresidentsusedtoreceivethecharitydoledouttothembyother
Muslims.HeusedtoseetheProphet()mostlywhenitwastimetoeat.He
missedmostofthebattlesindefenseofIslamwagedafterthatdatealthoughhe
wasyoungandhealthyandcapableofservinginthearmy.
WhatisthemeaningofhiskunyaAbHurayra,manofthekitten?Ibn
QutaybahalDainuriquotesAbHurayraonp.93ofhisbooktitledalMaarif
assaying,

andIwascalled`AbHurayrabecauseofasmallkittenIusedtoplay
with.InhisTabaqatbook,IbnSadquotesAbHurayraassaying,

Iusedtotendtoaherd,andIhadasmallkitten.Whenitwasnighttime,I
wouldplaceheronatree.Whenitwasmorning,Iwouldtakeherandplaywith
her,soIwascalled`AbHurayra[manofthesmallkitten].
TheUmayyadsfoundinAbHurayratherightmantofabricateasmany
traditionsastheyneededtosupporttheirunIslamicpracticesandthen
attributethemtotheProphet,hencetheexistenceofsuchahugenumberof
traditionsfillingthebooksoftheSunnah.andtheUmayyadsrewardedAb
Hurayraverygenerously.WhenhecamefromYementoHijaz,AbHurayra
hadonlyonesinglepieceofstripedclothtocoverhisprivateparts.When
Mu`wiyahemployedAbHurayratoworkinthefactoriesproducingcustom
designedtraditions,herewardedhimbyappointinghimasthegovernorof
Medna.HealsomarriedhimofftoaladyofprestigeforwhomAbHurayra
usedtoworkasaservantandbuilthimalAqeeqmansion.Whowasthatlady?
ShewasBisradaughterofGhazwanibnJbiribnWahabofBanMazin,sister

ofemir(provincialgovernor)UtbahibnGhazwan,anallyofBanAbdShams,
themanwhowasappointedbyOmeribnalKhattabasgovernorofBasra.
UtbahibnGhazwanwasafamoussahbiandaheroofIslam,and
hediedduringthetimeofOmeribnalKhattab.ThenMu`wiyahmarriedAb
HurayraofftoUtbahssister,Bisra,anumberofyearsafterthedeathofher
famousbrother.HeusedtoworkforBisraasaservant.IbnHajaralAsqalani
mentionsBisrainthefirstsectionofhisfamousworkalIsabafiAkhbaral
SahbaandsaysthefollowingaboutBisra,

SheusedtolethimworkforherduringthetimeoftheProphet,thenhe
marriedherafterthatwhenMarwan[ibnalHakam]usedtolethimbeincharge
ofMednaduringthetimeofMu`wiyah.InhisTabaqt,IbnSadquotesAb
Hurayraassayingthefollowingabouthiswife,Bisra,
...
!!
IplacedmyselfattheserviceofthedaughterofGhazwaninexchangeforfood
formystomachandforsomethingtowearonmyfeetSheusedtoorderme
toridewhileservingherandtoapproachherbarefoottoserveher.Afterthat,
Allhmadehermywife,soIorderedhertorideassheservedmeandto
approachmebarefoot!!Thus,AbHurayragotevenwiththeunfortunate
lady!
AbHurayrafoundhimselfduringtheUmayyadsreignofterrorand
oppressionamanofwealthandinfluence,owningslavesandhavingservants.
Priortothat,OmeribnalKhattabappointedhimasgovernorofBahrainfor
abouttwoyearsduringwhichAbHurayraamassedahugewealth,somuchso
thatpeoplecomplainedabouthimtoOmerwhocalledhimtoaccountforit.
Findinghisexcusetoopettytoaccept,Omerdeposedhim.Omeralso
questionedhimabouttheunrealisticallyabundanttraditionswhichhewas
attributingtotheProphet,hittinghimwithhiscane,reprimandinghimfor
forgingtraditionsandeventhreateningtoexpelhimfromtheMuslimlands.All
thesedetailsandmorecanbereviewedinfamousreferencessuchas:ArRiyad
anNadirabyatTabari,inVol.4oftheoriginalArabictextofal

BukharisSahh,wheretheauthorquotesAbHurayratalkingabouthimself,in
AbHurayrabookbytheEgyptianscholarMahmoudAbRayyah,in
SiyarAlamanNubalabyalThahbi,inSharhNahjul
BalghabyIbnAbulHadeed,inalBidayawalNihayabyIbn
Katheer,inTabaqatalFuqahabyIbnSa'd(alsofamousasTabaqat
IbnSa'd),inTrkhalUmamwalMulukbyatTabari,in
TrkhalKhulafabyasSayyuti,inFathalBaribyIbnHajar
alAsqalani,inalMustadrakbyalHakim,andinnumerousother
references.YetsomeMuslimslabelAbHurayraasIslamsnarrator,
propagatingforhisfabricationswithoutfirststudyingtheminthelightofthe
QurnandgoingasfarasinvokingtheAlmightytobepleasedwithhim....
AbdullhibnOmer(ibnalKhattab)claimedthattheProphetsaid,Youwill
seegreedaftermeandthingswithwhichyouwilldisagree.People,hewent
on,asked,OMessengerofAllh!Whatdoyouorderustodothen?The
Prophet,Abdullhcontinued,said,Givethegovernorwhatishisandpleadto
Allhforyours.Islam,trueIslam,nevercondonestolerationofunjustrulers.
AnotherfabricatedtraditionisalsonarratedbyAbdullhibnOmerwhoquotes
theProphetsupposedlysaying,Putupwithwhateverconductyoudonotlike
ofyourrulersbecauseifyouabandontheJamaa(group)eventhe
distanceofonefootthendie,youwilldieasunbelievers.Surelymanydespots
rulingtheMuslimworldnowadayscanappreciatesuchtraditionsandwillnot
hesitatetopublicizeforthemandbegeneroustothosewhopromotethem;they
wouldgivethemgeneroussalariesandbuildthemmansions...Suchfabricated
traditionsarenotonlyintotalcontrastwiththeQurnandtheSunnahaswell
aswithotherverifiedtraditions,theyinvitetheMuslimstobetheslavesoftheir
rulers.ThisisexactlywhatMu`wiyahwanted,andthisisexactlywhatso
calledMuslimrulerslikehimwantinourdayandtime...Unfortunatelyfor
theMuslimsandfortunatelyfortheirenemies,therearemanyMuslimrulers
likethisMu`wiyah.Thisiswhythereispoverty,ignorance,dictatorship,
injustice,oppressionandsubjugationtotheenemiesofIslamthroughoutthe
Muslimworldnowadays.
WhenAbHurayracametotheProphet,hewasyoungandhealthyand,hence,
capableofenlistingintheProphet'sarmy.Buthepreferredtobelodged
togetherwiththeMuslimdestituteattheSuffareferredtoabove.Mostofthe
timewhichAbHurayraspentwiththeProphetwasduringthelunchesor
dinnerstheProphethostedforthosedestitute.AbHurayrahimselfadmitted

morethanoncethatheremainedclosetotheProphetsothathecouldgetameal
toeat.AnotherpersonwhousedtoshowerthedestituteoftheSuffawithhis
generositywasJa`faribnAblib(588629A.D.),theProphet'scousinand
abrotherofAliibnAblib.Hewas,forthisreason,calledAbul
Masakeen,fatherofthedestitute.ThisiswhyAbHurayrausedtoregard
Ja`farasthemostgenerouspersonnextonlytotheProphet.WhentheProphet
mandatedmilitaryserviceforallablemenintheMu'taexpedition,Ja`faribn
AblibdidnothesitatetorespondtotheProphet'scall,butAbHurayra,
whoconsideredJa`farashispatron,preferrednottoparticipate,thusviolating
theorderoftheProphet.Historyrecordsthenamesofthosewhodidlikewise.
In21A.H./642A.D.,duringthecaliphateof`OmaribnalKhattab,Ab
HurayrawasmadegovernorofBahrain.Aftertwoyears,hewasdeposed
becauseofascandal.ThedetailsofthatscandalarerecordedinthebooksofIbn
AbdRabbih,theMu`tazilitewriter,andinIbnalAtheer'sfamousclassicbook
al`IqdalFareed.Asummaryofthatincidentrunsasfollows:
WhenAbHurayrawasbroughttohim,`Omarsaidtohim:Ihavecometo
knowthatwhenImadeyougovernorofBahrain,youdidnotevenhaveshoes
towear,butIamnowtoldthatyouhavepurchasedhorsesforonethousandand
sixhundreddinars.AbHurayrasaid,Ihadhorseswhichhavemultiplied,
andIreceivedsomeasgifts.`Omarthensaid,Iwouldgiveyouonlyyour
salary.This(amount)isalotmorethanthat(morethanyoursalaryforboth
years).Paythebalancebacktobaytulml(theMuslimstatetreasury)!Ab
Hurayrasaid,Thismoneyisnotyours.`Omarsaid,ByAllh!Iwouldbruise
yourback!Sayingthis,`OmarwhippedAbHurayratillthelatterbled.Then
Omerthundered:Nowbringthemoneyback!AbHurayrareplied:Iamto
accountforitbeforeAllh.`Omarsaid,Thiscouldbesoonlyifyouhad
takenitrightfullyandhadpaiditbackobediently.Ishallthrowyoubackto
yourmotherasthoughyouweredungsothatshewoulduseyoutograze
donkeys.SomesourcessaythatOmeribnalKhattabwasabletoextractten
thousandgolddinarpiecesfromAbHurayrawhichweredepositedatbaytul
ml.
Evenbeforebecomingcaliph,OmeribnalKhattabwasfullyawareofwhat
typeofpersonAbHurayrawas,andheknewthatthemandidnotenjoyany
respectamongtheProphetssaaba.InhisMusnad,Musaddadnarratesthrough
KhlidibnYahyawhoquoteshisfatherquotingAbHurayrahimselfsaying

thatOmeroncereprimandedhimonhearingthathewasnarratingincrediblytoo
manytraditionsandattributingthemtotheProphet.Herebukedhimonceand
said,

YoushallleavealonequotingtheMessengerofAllhorIshallsendyouback
totheDawslandortothelandofapes.ThissamequotationiscitedbyIbn
AsakirandishadthNo.4885,p.239,Vol.5ofKanzulUmmal.Thereader
oughttorememberthanevenbeforebecomingcaliph,OmeribnalKhattabwas
amanofpowerandprestige,letalonebeingtheProphetsfatherinlaw;so,his
wordcarriedweighteventhen.Omerhadlittleornotolerationforpeoplewho
abusetheProphetshadth,somuchsothatonp.34,Vol.1,ofhisSahhbook,
MuslimtellsusthatOmeroncehitAbHurayraduringthelifetimeofthe
Prophetsohard,causingthemantofallonhisrearend.HereareMuslims
exactwordsastheyexistinhisfamousSahhbookwhichisoneofthemain6
booksoftraditions:
()
AsforAliibnAblib,hecametoknowthatAbHurayrausedtosay,My
friend(meaningtheMessengerofAllh)talkedtome,orIsawmyfriend,so
hesaidtohim,WhendidthePropheteverbeyour
friend,OAbHurayra?!aswereadonp.52ofIbnQutaybahswork
Taweelmukhtalafalahdth.
AccordingtothesequenceemployedbyIbnSa`dinhisTabaqat,AbHurayra
ranksintheninthortenthclassofnarratorsofhadth.Hecametothe
MessengerofAllhneartheendoftheseventhHijriyear.Hence,historianssay
thatheaccompaniedtheProphetnomorethanthreeyears1accordingtothebest
estimates,whileotherhistorianssayitwasnomorethantwoyearsifwetake
intoconsiderationthefactthattheProphetsenthimtoaccompanyIbnal
HadramitoBahrain,thentheMessengerofAllhdiedwhilehewasstillin
Bahrain.1
1 1AlBukhari, Sahh,Vol.4,p.175,wheretheauthorquotesAbHurayratalking
abouthimselfinachapterdealingwiththecharacteristicsofProphethood.

1 2I have excerpted some paragraphs for this text from my own translation of

AbHurayrawasnotknownforhisjihadorvalour,norwasheamongthose
whowereregardedasbrilliantthinkers,noramongthejuristswhoknewthe
Qurnbyheart,nordidheevenknowhowtoreadandwrite...Yetthemanof
thekittenbecamefamousfortheabundanceofahdthwhichheusedtonarrate
abouttheMessengerofAllh.Thisfactattractedtheattentionofverifiersof
hadthespeciallysincehehadnotremainedinthecompanyoftheProphetfor
anylengthoftimeandtothefactthathenarratedtraditionsregardingbattles
whichhehadneverattended.
Someverifiersofhadthgatheredallwhatwasnarratedbytherighteouscaliphs
aswellasbythetenmengiventhegladtidingsofgoingtoParadiseinaddition
towhatthemothersofthefaithfulandthepurifiedAhlalBayt,andtheydidnot
totalonetenthofwhatAbHurayrahadnarratedallalone.
ThenfingerswerepointedatAbHurayracharginghimwithtellingliesand
withfabricatingandforginghadth.Somewentasfaraslabellinghimasthe
firstnarratorinthehistoryofIslamthuscharged.Yetheiscalledbysome
Muslimnarratorsandissurroundedwithagreatdealofrespect.Theytotally
relyonhim,evengoasfarassayingRadiyaAllhu`anhu,Allhpleasedwith
him,whenevertheymentionhisname.Someofthemmayevenregardhimas
beingmoreknowledgeablethanAliduetooneparticulartraditionwhichhe
narratesabouthimselfandinwhichhesays,Isaid,`OMessengerofAllh!I
hearagreatdealofyourhadthwhichIhavebeenforgetting!'TheProphetsaid,
`Stretchyourmantle!Ihadcreatedtheheavens,theearth,andallcreationin
sevendays.When`Omarheardaboutit,hecalledhiminandaskedhimto
repeatthathadth.Havingheardhimrepeatingit,`Omarstruckhimandsaidto
him,HowsowhenAllhHimselfsaysitwascreatedinsixdays,whileyou
yourselfnowsayitwasdoneinseven?!AbHurayrasaid,MaybeIheardit
fromKa`balAhbar...Omarsaid,Sinceyoucannotdistinguishbetweenthe
Prophet'sahdthandwhatKa`balAhbarsays,youmustnotnarrateanything
atall.1
WehavetostopheretodiscusswhothisKa`balAhbarwas.
Muammed alTijani alSamawi's book Shi`as are the Ahl alSunnah (New York:
VantagePress,1996),pp.207215.

1 1Refer to the book titled Ab Hurayra by the Egyptian author Mahmoud Ab


Rayyah.

He is Ab Ishaq Kab ibn Matti (Matthew) al-Himyari al-Ahbr, a prominent


rabbi from Yemen. He belonged to the clan of Thu Ra'in or Thu al-Kila` from
the Arab Himyari tribe to which Balqees, the Queen of Saba (Sheba), wife of
Prophet Solomon, belonged. Kab was Arab by birth, Jewish by faith.
Before quoting what others have said about Kab al-Ahbar, the author of this
book wrote this footnote for p. 102 of Dr. Muammed al-Tijani al-Samawis
book Shias are the Ahl al-Sunnah which he translated and which was published
by Vantage Press of New York:
His full name is Ab Ishaq Kab ibn Mati` (Matti, Matthew) (d. 32 A.H./652
A.D.). He was a Jew from Yemen who pretended to have embraced Islam then
went to Medna during the reign of Omer ibn al-Khattab. Then he went to Syria
to be one of Mu`wiyahs advisors. He died in Homs, Syria. He is believed to
have succeeded in injecting a great deal of Judaicas into the Islamic beliefs.

Muslims are divided in their judgment of this man and his influence on the
Islamic creed and on its followers:
1.
Some Sunnis say that the man accepted Islam during the time of Omer
ibn al-Khattab, so they count him among the tabiin, quoting many of his
Israiliyyat (Judaicas). Some other Sunni scholars say that he remained Jewish
till his death in Homs, Syria, during the time of Othman ibn Affan after serving
for a number of years as advisor to Mu`wiyah ibn Ab Sufyn, having lived
more than a hundred years, which is more accurate.
KabaccompaniedOmeribnalKhattabduringhistriptoJerusalem(alQuds).
HehelpedlocatethefoundationsoftheancientJewishtemplewhereOmerbuilt
theAqsaMosque.HealsolaterhelpedfindtheplaceoftheRock.Omercleaned
itfromrubbleandfencedit,andanUmayyadrulerlaterbuilttheDomeofthe
RockoveritasanintegralpartoftheAqsaMosque.
AsregardingthetraditionswhichhesucceededtoinfiltrateintoIslamic
literature,alBukharidoesnotquoteanyofthematall.Thereisonenarrationin
MuslimtransmittedfromKabalAhbarthroughtheauthorityofnoneother
thanthisAbHurayrawhoreporteditrelyingontheauthorityofalA`mash
whocitedAbSalih.Muslim,AbDwdandalTirmithihaverecordedhis
hadth.SomeofhishadthisincludedinalQurtubisTafsronChapter
Ghfir(Ch.40oftheHolyQurn).

IbnHajaralAsqalani,a14thcenturySunniShafi'iIslamicscholar,regards
Ka`balAhbarasbeingtrustworthy(callinghimthiqah),rankinghiminthe
secondtabaqa(classofreportersofhadth).
2.AsregardingwhatShi'iteMuslimsthinkofthisJewishrabbi,alltheir
scholarswithoutanyexceptionrejecthim,discardhisstories,whichhenarrated
fromtheTorah,andwarnagainstacceptinghisnarratives.Accordingto
Shiites,OmeribnalKhattabandanumberofprominentcompanionshada
verypositiveattitudetowardsKab.However,themostknowledgeableandthe
mostfarsightedamongthem,namelyImmAli,discreditedKabwhodidnot
daretocomeclosetoImmAlidespitethefactthattheImmwasinMedna
forthedurationofKab'sstay.ItisreportedthatImmAlisaidaboutKab:
Certainlyheisaprofessionalliar!
OneofthecontemporaryShiitescholarswhohaveexpressedtheiropinion
aboutKa`balAhbarisDr. MuammedalTijanialSamawi,aconvertto
ShiiteIslamfromtheTijaniSufitarqa.alTijanisancestorshadoriginally
comefromSamawa,Iraq,buthewasborninTunisiaonFebruary2,1943and
earnedtwoPh.D.degreesoneofwhichwasfromtheSorbonne(Universityof
Paris).HeisfamousforhisfirstbooktitledThenIwasguidedinwhichhe
narrateshisexperiencewithconvertingfromSunnitoShiiteIslam.Theauthor
ofthisbooktranslatedalTijanisbooktitledShiasaretheAhlalSunnahto
whichreferenceismadeinthisVolumeandinotherbookswhichhehas
written.alTijanidiscreditsKabandmakesareferencetohimonthesepages
ofhisworkreferredtoabove:74,102,208,209and215.HereiswhatalTijani
saysaboutKabalAhbaronp.215:
JudaicaandJewishdoctrineshavefilledthebooksofhadth.KabalAhbar,a
Jew,mayhavesucceededingettingsuchdoctrinesandbeliefsincludedinto
thebooksofhadth,hencewefindtraditionslikeningorpersonifyingAllh,as
wellasthetheoryofincarnation,inadditiontomanyabominablestatements
abouttheprophetsandmessengersofAllh:AllofthesearecitedthroughAb
Hurayra.

Imm MuammedJawadChirri(whowasborninLebanononOctober1,1905
anddiedinDearborn,Michigan,onNovember10,1994),a21stcenturyShi'a
Islamicscholar,iscreditedforgettingtheAzharUniversityofIslamtoissueon
July1,1959astatementrecognizingtheShiiteJafariSchoolofIslamic

Thought.Heismorefamousfortwobookswhichhewrote:TheBrotherofthe
ProphetMuammed,TheImmAliandInquiriesaboutIslam.Havingquoted
onehadth,Chirriwrotesaying,
Thisdialogueshouldalertustothedeceptiveandsuccessfulattemptonthe
partofKa'btoinfluencefutureeventsbysatanicsuggestions.Itcontainsa
greatdealofdeceptionwhichproducedmanyharmfulresultstoIslamandthe
Muslims.

Nowitisuptothereadertomakeuphismindwhetherwe,Muslims,should
payattentiontowhatthisJewishrabbihadsaidornot.
ItisalsonarratedthatAliibnAblibhassaid,Amongalltheliving,the
personwhohastoldthemostliesabouttheMessengerofAllhisAbHurayra
alDawsi,aswereadonp.28,Vol.4,ofIbnAbulHadeedsSharhNahjulBalgha.
Motherofthefaithful`isha,too,testifiedtohisbeingaliarseveraltimesin
referencetomanyahdthwhichheusedtoattributetotheMessengerofAllh.
Forexample,sheresentedsomethingwhichhehadoncesaidsosheaskedhim,

Whatarealltheseahdthwhichreachusandwhichyoutellpeoplethatthe
Prophetsaidthem?Haveyouheardanythingwhichwedidnothear,orhave
youseenanythingwhichwedidnotsee?Inarudeandimpoliteway,Ab
HurayraansweredtheMotheroftheFaithfulwiththesewords:
!
Mother!Themirrorandthekohldivertedyoufromthehadthofthe
MessengerofAllh.Thistextexistsonp.509,Vol.3ofalHakimsSahhal
Mustadrak,andalThahbitestifiedtoitsauthenticity,addingthat`ishadid
notacceptAbHurayrasexcusebythetokensheboycottedhimtillshedied.
MarwanibnalHakam,hercousin,interferedandtookonhimselftoverifyone
hadththeauthenticityofwhich`ishaquestioned.ItwasthenthatAb
Hurayraadmitted,IdidnothearitfromtheMessengerofAllh;rather,Iheard
itfromalFadlibnal`Abbs,aswearetoldonp.232,Vol.2ofalBukharis
Sahhinachapterdealingwithafastingpersonwhowakesupfindinghimself
inthestateofjanaba,andalsoonp.272,Vol.1,ofMaliksMawta'.Itis
becauseofthisparticularnarrationthatIbnQutaybahchargedhimwithlying

saying,AbHurayraclaimedthatalFadlibnal`Abbs,whohadbythendied,
testifiedtotheauthenticityofthattraditionwhichheattributedtohiminorder
tomisleadpeopleintothinkingthathehadhearditfromhim.1
InhisbooktitledTa'weelalAhdth,IbnQutaybahsays,AbHurayrausedto
say:`TheMessengerofAllhsaidsuchandsuch,butIhearditfromsomeone
else.InhisbookSiyarA`lamalNubala,alThahbisaysthatYazidibnIbrhm
oncecitedShu`bahibnalHajjajsayingthatAbHurayrausedtocommit
forgery.
InhisbookalBidayawalNihaya,IbnKatheerstatesthatYazidibnHaroun
heardShu`bahibnalHajjajaccusingAbHurayraofthesame,thatis,thathe
forgeshadth,andthatheusedtonarratewhatheusedtohearfromKa`bal
AhbaraswellasfromtheMessengerofAllhwithoutdistinguishingonefrom
theother.
Ja`faralIskafihassaid,AbHurayraisdoubtedbyourmentors;hisnarrations
arenotacceptable.2
Duringhislifetime,AbHurayrawasfamousamongthesahbaoflyingand
forgeryandofnarratingtoomanyfabricatedahdthtotheextentthatsomeof
thesahbausedtoderidehimandaskhimtofabricateahdthagreeablewith
theirowntaste.
Forexample,amanfromQurayshputononceanewjubba(alongouter
garment)andstartedshowingoff.HepassedbyAbHurayraandsarcastically
saidtohim,OAbHurayra!Younarratequitefewtraditionsaboutthe
MessengerofAllh;so,didyouhearhimsayanythingaboutmyjubba?!Ab
Hurayrasaid,IhaveheardthefatherofalQasimsaying,`Amanbeforeyour
timewasshowingoffhisoutfitwhenAllhcausedtheearthtocaveinover
him;sohehasbeenrattlinginitandwillcontinuetodosotilltheHour.'By
Allh!Idonotknowwhetherhewasoneofyourpeopleornot.1
HowcanpeoplehelpdoubtingAbHurayra'straditionssincetheyaresoself
11ThisisstatedinalThahbi'sbookSiyarA`lmalNubal.
22IbnAbulHadeed,SharhNahjulBalgha,Vol.4,p.68.
11IbnKatheer,alBidayawalNihaya,Vol.8,p.108..

contradictory?Henarratesonehdththenhenarratesitsopposite,andifheis
opposedorhispreviouslynarratedtraditionsareusedagainsthim,hebecomes
angryorstartsbabblingintheEthiopianlanguage.2
Howcouldtheyhelpaccusinghimoftellingliesandofforgeryafterhehimself
hadadmittedthathegottraditionsoutofhisownpouchthenattributedthemto
theProphet?
AlBukhari,inhisSahh,statesthefollowing:
AbHurayrasaidonce,TheProphetsaid,`Thebestcharityiswillinglygiven;
thehigherhandisbetterthanthelowerone,andstartwithyourown
dependents.Awomansays:`Eitherfeedmeordivorceme.'Aslavesays,
`Feedmeanduseme.'Asonsays,`Feedmeforthewomanwhowillforsake
me.'Hewasasked,OAbHurayra!DidyoureallyheartheMessengerof
Allhsayso?Hesaid,No,thisoneisfromAbHurayra'spouch!3

Noticehowhestartsthistraditionbysaying,TheProphetsaid,thenwhen
theyrefusetobelievewhathetellsthem,headmitsbysaying,...thisoneis
fromAbHurayra'spouch!SocongratulationstoAbHurayraforpossessing
thispouchwhichisfullofliesandmyths,andforwhichMu`awiyahandBan
Umayyahprovidedagreatdealofpublicity,andbecauseofwhichheacquired
position,authority,wealth,andmansions.Mu`awiyahmadehimthegovernorof
MednaandbuilthimtheAqeeqmansionthenmarriedhimofftoawomanof
honorabledescentforwhomheusedtoworkasaservant...
SinceAbHurayrawastheclosevizierofMu`awiyah,itisnotduetohisown
merits,honor,orknowledge;rather,itisbecauseAbHurayrausedtoprovide
himwithwhatevertraditionsheneededtocirculate.Ifsomesaabausedto
hesitateincursingAbTurab,namelyCommanderoftheFaithfulAliibn
Ablib,themanwhowasraisedbytheProphet,whomarriedtheProphets
sinlessdaughterFatimaandfoundedthefirstInfallibleFamilyinIslam,who
foughtforIslamlikealion,amanforwhoseknowledgeNahjulBalghabook
testifies,themanwhosetrueworthisknownonlybyAllhandtheMessenger
ofAllh,findingsuchcursingtobeembarrassing,AbHurayracursedAliin
22AlBukhari,Sahh,Vol.7,p.31.
33AlBukhari,Sahh,Vol.6,p.190,inachapterdealingwithspendingonthewifeand
children.

hisownhouseandashisShi`asheard:
IbnAbulHadeednarratesthefollowing
WhenAbHurayracametoIraqinthecompanyofMu`awiyahintheYearof
theJama`a,hecametoKufa'sMosque.Havingseenthehugenumberofthose
whowelcomedhim,hekneltdownthenbeathisbaldheadandsaid,Opeople
ofIraq!DoyouclaimthatItellliesabouttheMessengerofAllhandthus
burnmyselfinthefire?!ByAllh!IheardtheMessengerofAllhsaying,
`Eachprophethasasanctuary,andmysanctuaryisinMednafromEerto[the
mountainof]Thawr;so,anyonewhomakesituncleanwillbecursedbyAllh,
theangels,andallpeople,andIbearwitnessthatAlihaddoneso.When
Mu`awiyahcametohearthisstatement,hegavehimapresent,showeredhim
withhisgenerosityandmadehimgovernorofMedna(thencapitalofthe
Islamicworld).1

SufficesustopointouttothefactthathewascreatedgovernorofMednaby
noneotherthanMu`awiyah.Thereisnodoubtthatverifiersandresearchers
whoarefreefromprejudicewilldoubtanyonewhobefriendedtheenemyof
AllhandHisMessengerandwhowasantagonistictowardsthefriendsofAllh
andofHisMessenger...
ThereisnodoubtthatAbHurayradidnotreachthatloftypositionof
authority,namelybeingthegovernorofMedna,thethencapitaloftheIslamic
domains,exceptbyvirtueoftheserviceswhichhehadrenderedtoMu`awiyah
andotherauthoritativeUmayyads.PraisetotheOneWhochangesthe
conditions!AbHurayrahadcometoMednawithnothingtocoverhisprivate
partsotherthanatinystripedpieceofcloth,beggingpassersbytofeedhim.
ThenhesuddenlybecamerulerofthesacredprecinctsofMedna,residingin
theAqeeqmansion,enjoyingwealth,servantsandslaves,andnobodycouldsay
awordwithouthispermission.Allofthiswasfromtheblessingsofhispouch!
Donotforget,norshouldyoubeamazed,whennowadaysweseethesame
playsbeingrepeatedlyenacted,andhistorycertainlyrepeatsitself.Howmany
ignorantindigentpersonssoughtnearnesstoarulerandjoinedhispartytillthey
becamefearedmasterswhodoandundo,issuingordersastheyplease,havinga
directaccesstowealthwithoutbeingaccountedforit,ridinginautomobiles
withoutbeingwatched,eatingfoodsnotsoldonthemarket...?Onesuchperson
11IbnAbulHadeed,SharhNahjulBalgha,Vol.4,p.67.

maynotevenknowhowtospeakhisownlanguage,nordoesheknowa
meaningforlifeexceptsatisfyinghisstomachandsexualappetite.Thewhole
matterissimplyhishavingapouchliketheoneAbHurayrausedtohavewith
someexception,ofcourse,yettheaimisoneandthesame:pleasingtheruler
andpublicizingforhiminordertostrengthenhisauthority,firmhisthrone,and
finishhisfoes.
AbHurayralovedtheUmayyadsandtheylovedhimsincethedaysof
`Othmanibn`Affan,theirleader.Hisviewwithregardto`Othmanwascontrary
tothatofallthesaabawhobelongedtotheMuhjirnandtheAnsr;he
regardedallthesaabawhoparticipatedinorencouragedthekillingof
`Othmanasapostates.
Undoubtedly,AbHurayrausedtoaccuseAliibnAblibofkilling
`Othman.WecanderivethisconclusionfromthestatementhemadeatKufa's
mosqueandhissayingthatAlimadeMednauncleanandthathe,therefore,
wascursedbytheProphet,theangels,andeveryoneelse.Forthisreason,Ibn
Sa`dindicatesinhisTabaqatthatwhenAbHurayradiedin59A.H./679A.D.,
`Othman'sdescendantscarriedhiscoffinandbroughtittotheBaqee`toburyit
asanexpressionoftheirappreciationofhishavinghadhighregardsfor
`Othman.1
SurelyAllhhashisownwisdominfaringwithHiscreation.`Othmanibn
`Affan,themasterofQurayshandtheirgreatest,waskilledalthoughhewasthe
Muslims'caliphbearingthetitleofDhulNooraynandofwhom,accordingto
theirclaim,theangelsfeelshy.Yethiscorpsedidnotreceivetheceremonial
burialbathnorwasitshrouded;moreover,itwasnotburiedforfullthreedays
afterwhichitwasburiedatMedna'sthenJewishcemetery.AbHurayradied
afterhavingenjoyedpompandpower.Hewasanindigentmanwhoselineage
andtribaloriginswerenotknowntoanybody.HehadnokinshiptoQuraysh.
Despiteallofthis,thecaliph'ssons,whowereinchargeofrunningtheaffairs
duringMu`awiyah'sreign,tooktobearinghiscorpseandtoburyingitatthe
Baqee`wheretheMessengerofAllhwasburied...!ButletusgobacktoAb
HurayratoexaminehisattitudetowardstheProphet'sSunnah.
InhisSahh,alBukhariquotesAbHurayraassaying,
11IbnSa`d,Tabaqat,Vol.2,p.63.


Ilearnedthefilloftwopouches(receptacles)[ofahdth]fromtheMessenger
ofAllh:Ihavedisseminatedonlyoneofthem;asfortheother,ifIdisseminate
it,thisthroatwillbeslit.2
HereisAbHurayrarevealingwhaterstwhileishidden,admittingthattheonly
traditionshequotedweretheonesthatpleasedtherulingauthorities.Building
onthispremise,AbHurayrausedtohavetwopouches,ortworeceptacles,as
hecalledthem.Heusedtodisseminatethecontentsofoneofthem,theone
whichwehavediscussedherethatcontainswhatevertherulersdesired.Asfor
theother,whichAbHurayrakepttohimselfandwhoseahdthhedidnot
narrateforfearhisthroatwouldbeslit,itistheonecontainingtheauthentic
traditionsoftheProphet.HadAbHurayrabeenareliableauthority,hewould
neverhavehiddentrueahdthwhiledisseminatingillusionsandliesonlyto
supporttheoppressor,knowingthatAllhcurseswhoeverhidestheclear
evidence.
Onp.37,Vol.1,ofthesamereference,wefindalBukhariquotinghimsaying

once,PeoplesaythatAbHurayranarratestoomanyahdth.Haditnotbeen
fortwo[particular]versesintheBookofAllh,Iwouldnothavenarrateda
singlehadth:`ThosewhoconcealwhatWehaverevealedofclearproofsand
theguidance,afterOurhavingclarified[everything]forpeopleintheBook,
theseitiswhomAllhshallcurse,andthosewhocurseshallcursethem,too'
(Qurn,2:159).OurbrethrenfromtheMuhjirnusedtobebusyconsigning
transactionsatthemarketplace,whileourbrethrenfromtheAnsrusedtobe
busydoingbusinesswiththeirownmoney,whileAbHurayrakeptinthe
shadowoftheProphetinordertosatisfyhishunger,attendingwhattheydidnot
attend,learningwhattheydidnotlearn.
HowcanAbHurayrasaythathaditnotbeenforacoupleofversesinthe
BookofAllh,hewouldnothavenarratedasinglehadth,thenhesays,I
learnedtworeceptacles[ofahdth]fromtheMessengerofAllh:Ihave
disseminatedoneofthem;asfortheother,ifIdisseminateit,thisthroatwillbe
slit?!Isthisnothisadmissionofhavingconcealedthetruthdespitebothverses
intheBookofAllh?!
22AlBukhari,Sahh,Vol.1,p.38,inachapterdealingwithlearning.

HadtheProphetnotsaidtohiscompanions,Gobacktoyourpeopleandteach
them?aswereadonp.30,Vol.1,ofalBukharisSahh.
Hadhenotalsosaid,Onewhoconveysismoreawarethanonewhohears?
alBukharistatesthatthePropheturgedthedeputationofAbdQaystolearn
beliefandscholarship...Thenconveywhatyoulearntothosewhomyouhave
leftbehind,asyoucanreadonthesamepageofthepreviousreference.Can
wehelpwondering:Whyshouldthethroatofasahbibeslitifhequotesthe
Prophet?!Theremustbeasecretherewhichthecaliphsdonotwishothersto
know.Here,wewouldliketobrieflysaythatthepeopleoftheremembrance
4was[aphrasein]aQurnicverserevealedtorefertoAli'ssuccession
oftheProphet.Actually,thisphrase carriesagreatermeaningthanthe
peopleoftheremembrance.Theword referredtointhisQurnicphrasemeans
theHolyQurn.So,themoreaccuratemeaningofitshouldbe:thepeoplewhohave
withthemtheknowledgeoftheQurn.IsthereanyoneelseinIslamichistory

besidestheProphetofIslamwhoknewtheHolyQurnbetterthanAli?
AbHurayraisnottoblame;heknewhisownworthandtestifiedagainsthis
ownsoulthatAllhcursedhim,andsodidthosewhocurse,forhavinghidden
theProphet'shadth.ButtheblameisonthosewhocallAbHurayrathe
narratoroftheSunnahwhilehehimselftestifiesthathehiditthentestifies
thathefabricateditandtoldliesinitsregard,thenhefurthergoesontotestify
thatitbecameconfusedforhim,sohecouldnottellwhichonewasthe
statementoftheProphetandwhichonewasmadebyothers.Allofthese
ahdthandcorrectadmissionsarerecordedinalBukhari'sSahhandinother
authenticbooksofhadth.
Howcananyonefeelcomfortableaboutamanwhosejusticewasdoubtedby
theCommanderoftheFaithfulAliibnAblibwhochargedhimwithlying,
sayingthatamongtheliving,nobodytoldmoreliesabouttheProphetthanAb
Hurayra?!`OmaribnalKhattab,too,chargedhimofthesame;hebeathimand
threatenedtoexpelhim.`yishadoubtedhisintegrityandmanytimescalled
himaliar,andmanyothersaabacastdoubtsabouthiscredibilityandrejected
hiscontradictoryahdth,sohewouldonceadmithiserrorandwould
sometimesprattleinEthiopianlanguage(Amharic).1AlargenumberofMuslim
4
1 1AbuHurayrawasbilingual.HespokeArabic(hismothertongue)andAmharic.

Historically speaking, during Ab Hurayra's time, Amheric was the language of

scholarsrefutedhistraditionsandchargedhimwithlying,fabricating,and
throwinghimselfatMu`awiyah'sdinnertables,athiscoffersofgoldandsilver.
Isitright,then,forAbHurayratobecomeIslam'snarratorfromwhomthe
religion'sinjunctionsarelearned?
Finally,therearemoretraditionsnarratedbyAbHurayrawhichapparently
camefromKabalAhbarandarecitedinVolumeOneofthisbook.They
depicttheAlmightyashavingamaterialform,soHewalks,talks,laughs,puts
HisleginHellinordertofillit,uptotheendofalonglistofsuchnonsense
inwhichunfortunatelymanyMuslimsoftheworldstillbelieveandcreditfor
whichgoestoAbHurayra
I,authorofthisbook,circulatedtheaboveinformationaboutAbHurayratoa
numberofemails,indicatingwhatsomemajorSunnireferencessayabouthim.
Youcannotimaginethereaction!Iwasbombardedbyemailsattackingme
personally,myfaithandeverythingIstandfor!Theattackersdidnottakeone
minutetoponderonthefactthatthereferencesmentionedinthisinformation
areveryhighlyrespectedSunnibooks;so,theattackersshouldhaveinstead
madearesearchandfoundoutwhetherthehadthnarratedbyAbHurayra,or
byanyoneelse,shouldbesoblindlytakenforgrantedandacceptedwithout
questions.Iguesseveryoneisentitledtobeclosemindedandtoputglassesora
thickfoldonhiseyes!Somepeoplesimplyabusethisveryprivilege!Sucha
hostileattitudewasmylotwhenIwaspropagatingtheteachingsoftheFamily
oftheProphetinGeorgiaandVirginiawhenIwaslivingintheUnitedStates.
So,ifoneexposestherealityofamanlikeAbHurayra,heisimmediately
calledsectarian,butwhenhepublicizesforYazid,Muawiya,AbSufyn
andotherUmayyadtyrants,nobodydarestocallhimsectarian.Instead,he
willbedecoratedwithmedalsofhonor

aristocratsduetothefactthattheEthiopianshadformanyyearscolonizedYemen
tilltheywerekickedoutofitatthehandsofSayfibnThiYazun(orYazin),Himyar's
kingwhodiedin574A.D.