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# LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY-CAVITE

College of Engineering, Computer Studies and Architecture
Department of Engineering and Architecture

Experiment No. 4
CAPACITIVE CIRCUIT

Date Performed:

Name:

January 7, 2016

PANSACALA, HANNAH JOY

Date Submitted:

Rating:

M.

January 21, 2016

the signal at the edge of R1: this signal is lead as regards the input signal • report in a paper. . PROCEDURE • Insert the Module DL 3155M07 in the console and set the main switch to ON.2ms.1. 3. • supply the signal generator and adjust the output to a sinusoidal voltage of 6V peak to peak . • determine the phase angle as the product between the number of vertical division. 3. the signals displayed on the oscilloscope. at the half of the oscilloscope display.1. • observe. in ms.3. 3. • connect the circuit. • measure the period of alternating voltage in divisions. • calculate the peak current and write the value in Tab. • read the number of vertical divisions from the center of the screen between the voltage and the current and note it in Tab.1. 3.1. Coupling=AC.500 Hz. and the number of degrees per division and write the value in Tab. superpose. 3. 3.1. • measure the peak input voltage and write the value in Tab. by representing the input signal with a continuous line and the signal R1 with dotted line. • adjust the oscilloscope in the following way: CH1=1V/DIV CH2=50mV/DIV TIME/DIV=0.I. as in fig.3.1. the line of channel 1 and the one of channel 2. on the oscilloscope display. and write the values in Tab.1.2a. the signal generator and the oscilloscope in Fig. 3. between the voltage and the current. • measure the peak voltage at the edge of R1 and write the value in Tab.3. • without supplying the signal generator. • calculate the number of degrees per division and write the value in Tab. • set the input wave of the center of the screen.

3. • repeat the previous operations for all the values of the frequency written in Tab. 3.2.2b. TIME/DIV = 0. • calculate the peak current and write the value in Tab. the signal generator and the oscilloscope as shown in Fig. • adjust the signal generator to a sinusoidal voltage of 6V peak to peak . 3.2mS COUPLING = AC.2.• calculate the capacitive reactance XC 1 and write the value in Tab. 3. • calculate the total series capacitance and write the value in Tab. PARALLEL CAPACITORS • connect the circuit. • measure the peak voltage at the edges of R1 and write the value in Tab. the signal generator and the oscilloscope as shown in Fig. • calculate the total series capacitive reactance and write the value in Tab.1.2. • measure the peak input voltage and write the value in Tab. • adjust the oscilloscope the following way: CH1 = 1V/DIV CH2 = 20mV/DIV. 3. 3. • comment the results. 3. SERIES CAPACITORS • connect the circuit.1 and write the value in the same table.2c. 3.2.1kHz. • adjust the oscilloscope in the following way: .2. 3.

• calculate the peak current and write the value in Tab. .2.2. 3. • calculate the total parallel capacitive reactance and write the value in Tab. TIME/DIV = 0. • measure the peak input voltage and write the value in Tab.1 V/DIV.1Hz. • comment the results. 3.2mS COUPLING = AC.2. • calculate the total parallel capacitance and write the value in Tab. 3.2.CH1 = 1V/DIV CH2 = 0. • measure the peak voltage at the edges of R1 an write the value in Tab. 3.2. • adjust the signal generator to a sinusoidal voltage of 6V peak to peak . 3.

Data and Results f (Hz) 500 1000 4000 10000 f (Hz) 500 1000 4000 10000 U i( p) (V) 3 3 3 3 Nᵒ degrees per division 45 90 360 720 U Ri (p ) I ( p) T (mV) 70 123 240 170 Nᵒ horizontal divisions (mA) 7 12.31 159.25 XC1 (Ω) 318.20 86.79 15.3 24 17 degrees 8 4 1 0.25 0.40 75.2 1000 3 13.5 0.32 F X C (ser) Ct (ser ) X C (par ) Ct ( par) .15 39.1 F (Hz) Series capacitor s Parallel capacitor s U i( p) U Ri (p ) I ( p) (V) (mV) (mA) 1000 3 12 1.25 0.25 0.86 ᵩ div ms 8 4 1 0.92 Table 3.89 57.5 88.2 1.

1 μF ) .09 1000 (Ω) (µF) 144.1 Table 3.2 Sample Computation XC= U i (p ) 1 1 = = =318.68 1.Series capacitor s Parallel capacitor s (Hz) (Ω) (µF) 1000 1750.70 Ω 2 π (1 kHz)(1 μF) 2 π ( 1 kHz )( 0.31 Ω I ( p) 2 πfc 2 π (500 Hz)(1 μC) I ( p)= U R 1( p) 70 mV = =7 mA R1 10Ω Nᵒ degrees per division = X C (ser) =X C 1 + X C 2= 360 360 = =45 T 8 1 1 + =1750.70 0.

1 μF )=1.Ct (ser )= C1 x C 2 (1 μF) ( 0.1 μF ) 1 ∗1 2 π (1 kHz)(1 μF ) X ∗X 2 π ( 1kHz ) ( 0.1 μF ) Ct ( par)=C1 +C 2=( 1 μF ) + ( 0.09 μF C 1+ C2 ( 1 μF ) + ( 0. When the frequency increases the capacitive reactance: o Increases o Decreases o Remains unchanged 3.68 Ω X C 1+ X C 2 1 1 + 2 π (1 kHz)(1 μF) 2 π ( 1 kHz )( 0..1 μF Questions: 1.1 μF ) = =0..1 μF ) X c (par) = C 1 C 2 = =144. Is the starting instant of the voltage applied to the capacitor the current assumes the value: o Minimum o Medium o Maximum 2. o o X CS =1/ X C 1 +1/ X C 2 +… … . . The series reactance is given by: X CS =X C1 + X C 2+ … ….

the capacitive reactance decreases. the lesser the value of capacitive reactance. we have observed that the capacitive reactance is inversely proportional to the frequency and capacitance. I therefore conclude that the value of capacitive reactance is a function of frequency. and the capacitive reactance (parallel) through the product and sum method. On the other hand. We have also calculated the capacitive reactance of each capacitor through the formula given in the calculation data. supplying the signal generator and adjusting the output to a sinusoidal voltage of 6V peak to peak with a frequency of 500 Hz. It is inversely proportional to frequency. As the frequency increases. . we have shown the signals at the edges of R1 which is in lead as regards to the input signal by adjusting the oscilloscope in the way described in the procedure.Discussion: In this experiment. In this experiment. Here. The number of degrees per division were calculated and we have observed that it increases as the frequency increases. I have also learned that the equivalent capacitance of the series capacitors can be calculated by adding the value of each capacitor and the capacitance of parallel capacitors through the product and sum method. the capacitive reactance (series) can be determined by getting the algebraic sum of the two individual capacitive reactance. The greater the frequency or capacitance. The peak voltage and current were measured and noted. We have also computed the capacitive reactance (parallel) through the product and sum method and the capacitive reactance (series) by getting the algebraic sum of the two individual capacitive reactance. Conclusion: After conducting this experiment.