You are on page 1of 64

Help

General
requirements for
LV apparatuses

Basics of Standards
Standards guidelines IEC 60947 and
60898
© ABB Group
October 31, 2015 | Slide 1

THÔNG TIN LIÊN HỆ HỖ TRỢ KỸ THUẬT, SẢN PHẨM
§ Name:

Cao Phú Hải

§ Position:

ABB product specialist & Technical
consultancy.

§ Email

: hai.caophu@vn.abb.com

§ Phone

: 0907.216.502/ 0906 656 242

Contents
§

IEC 60947 Standard, for industrial application

Definitions for MCCBs and ACBs

Choice criteria based on rated and limit values

§

IEC 60898 Standard, for domestic application

Definitions for MCBs

Choice criteria based on rated and limit values

§

Comparison between prescription of IEC 60947 and 60898

© ABB Group
October 31, 2015 | Slide 3

ÁPTÔMÁT BẢO VỆ QUÁ DÒNG DÙNG TRONG GIA ĐÌNH VÀ CÁC HỆ IEC 947-4 Part 4: Contactors THỐNG LẮP ĐẶT TƯƠNG TỰ IEC 947-5 Part 5: Control circuit devices § IEC 947-6 Part 6: Multifunction devices § IEC 947-7 Part 7: Auxiliary materials © ABB Group October 31.Standard for LV apparatus § IEC 60947 Standard for industrial application – International Standard IEC 60947 – European Standard EN 60947 § IEC 947-1 Part 1: General rules § IEC 947-2 Part 2: Circuit breakers § § § Ø TIÊU CHUẨN QUỐC GIA TCVN 6592-41:2009 (IEC 60947-4-1 : 2002) VỀ THIẾT BỊ ĐÓNG CẮT VÀ ĐIỀU KHIỂN HẠ ÁP Ø TIÊU CHUẨN QUỐC GIA TCVN 64341:2008 (IEC 60898-1 : 2003) VỀ KHÍ CỤ IEC 947-3 Part 3: Switch disconnectors ĐIỆN . 2015 | Slide 4 Ø TCVN 7447-5-51: 2010 hoàn toàn tương đương với IEC 60364-551:2005 .

IEC 60947-1 The main objects of part 1 are: definition of electrical parameters. . mounting and transport condition. that are able to be connected in circuits with a rated voltage < 1000V ac and < 1500V dc This Standard is applicable whatever may be: .the rated currents of the CBs.Standard for LV apparatus § IEC 60947 Standard The Standards IEC 60947 part 1 and part 2 gives the requirement for CBs. definition of working.the possible application of the CBs. 2015 | Slide 5 . .the method of construction of the CBs. IEC 60947-2 The main objects of part 2 are referred to the prescription and parameters for working and test of the CBs © ABB Group October 31.

IEC Standard definitions © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 6 .

IEC Standard definitions § Circuit Breaker . © ABB Group October 31. carrying and making currents under normal circuit conditions and also making. Ics) § WITHSTAND Short time withstand ( Icw) § MAKING Making Capacity (Icm) Making capacity of a circuit breaker is the maximum current which the breaker can conduct at the instant of closing. carrying. and breaking currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions such as those of short-circuit § BREAKING Breaking Capacity ( Icu. 2015 | Slide 7 . The making capacity is considered to the peak value of the first cycle when there is an imaginary short circuit between the phases. for a specified time.IEC 60947-2 A mechanical switching device capable of breaking.

IEC Standard definitions
§

Switch Disconnector - IEC 60947-3

A mechanical switching device capable of breaking, making and carrying currents
under normal circuit conditions but only making and carrying, for a specified
time, currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions such as those of shortcircuit.

§

BREAKING

Breaking Capacity

§

WITHSTAND

Short time withstand

§

MAKING Capacity

Switch disconnector, Load switch ;
Load Breaker Switch

© ABB Group
October 31, 2015 | Slide 8

IEC Standard definitions
§

Disconnector - IEC 60947-3

A device fulfills the isolating function stipulated under IEC 60947-1 when
in the“Open” position the isolation at a defined withstand voltage is
assured between the open contacts of the main circuit of the switchgear.
According to IEC 60947-3, an isolator must only be able to
make and break a circuit, if either a current of negligible size is
switched on or off, or if during switching no noticeable voltage
difference between the terminals of each pole occurs.

© ABB Group
October 31, 2015 | Slide 9

Changeover Switch
Switch

Switch fuse

© ABB Group
October 31, 2015 | Slide 10

ATS by OTM

2015 | Slide 11 . forming an integral part of the circuit breaker (Emax2) Electronic trip Unit IEC 60947 .ACB is Cat B Circuit breaker with Withstand short circuit current Capacity Icw © ABB Group October 31.IEC Standard definitions – Air circuit breaker (ACB): a circuit breaker having a supporting housing of moulding insulating material and a metallic frame.

© ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 12 .

Tmax) Thermo magnetic trip Electronic trip Unit © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 13 .IEC Standard definitions § Circuit breaker type Moulded case circuit breaker (MCCB): a circuit breaker having a supporting housing of moulding insulating material. forming an integral part of the circuit breaker (Isomax.

2015 | Slide 14 .Thermo magnetic Trip © ABB Group October 31.

2015 | Slide 15 .© ABB Group October 31.

2015 | Slide 16 .MCCB Electronic trip Unit © ABB Group October 31.

K. Z © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 17 . C. D.Miniature Circuit Breaker IEC 60947 defines 5 tripping characteristics for MCB: B.

Miniature Circuit Breaker © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 18 .

2. because is has been designed to start the opening operation before the short-circuit current has reached its first peak. © ABB Group October 31.3) A circuit breaker with a break-time short enough to prevent the short-circuit current from reaching its peak value A current-limiting circuit breaker is able to reduce the stress. both thermal and dynamic.Current limiting circuit breaker § Current limiting circuit breaker (IEC 60947-2 def. 2015 | Slide 19 . and to quickly extinguish the arc between the contacts.

2015 | Slide 20 .Current limiting circuit breaker § Peak limitation curves Value of the limited peak of the short circuit current according to the value of the symmetrical short circuit current Irms © ABB Group October 31.

8kA T2L 160 In160 10kA 10kA © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 21 50kA 100kA Irms .Current limiting circuit breaker § Example Peak 105kA 100kA S6L800 In800 54kA 16.

Current limiting circuit breaker § Energy limitation Current Energy limitation © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 22 Time .

2015 | Slide 23 .Current limiting circuit breaker n I2t curves Value of the let-through energy according to the value of the symmetrical short circuit current Irms © ABB Group October 31.

– k is a factor that depends on the cable insulating and conducting material.Current limiting circuit breaker § Energy limitation Protection against short-circuit (IEC 60364) To protect a cable against short-circuit.1MA²s 1E-2MA²s 0. in the case of conductors in parallel it is the cross section of the single conductor. 10MA²s 1MA²s 0. – S is the cable cross section [mm2]. the specific let-through energy of the protective device must be lower or equal to the withstanding energy of the cable: Specific let through energy curve LLL 1E3MA²s 100MA ²s where – I2 t is the specific let-through energy of the protective device which can be read on the curves supplied by the manufacturer.1kA © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 24 1kA 10k A 100k A .

Choice criteria In = 1600 A Iu = 1600 A Ue = 415 V Icu= 50 KA Ics = 50 KA Icw= 50 KA (1s) © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 25 .

Ics. Ue) n Limit values (Icu. Icw. Uimp) . 2015 | Slide 26 Insulation values (Ui.Choice criteria § Rated values (Iu. Icm) n © ABB Group October 31.

Rated value Iu § Rated uninterrupted current Iu the rated uninterrupted current of an equipment is a value of current.2. stated by the manufacturer.3. 4. that the equipment can carry in uninterrupted duty (at 40 °C) IEC 60947-1 def. 2015 | Slide 27 .4 © ABB Group October 31.

Rated value Iu The rated uninterrupted current Iu is different from the rated current In. § A new concept for setting the current In: the rating plug © ABB Group October 31. which is the rated current of the thermomagnetic or electronic trip unit and is lower or equal to Iu. 2015 | Slide 28 .

© ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 29 .

Fixed T4 320 .Rated value Iu § Rated uninterrupted current Iu Some factors may reduce the Iu of a circuit breaker T4 320 .Plug-in / Withdrawable © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 30 .

the atmospheric properties are altered in terms of composition. Above this. cooling capacity and pressure. © ABB Group October 31. therefore the rated uninterrupted current decreases.Rated value Iu § Rated uninterrupted current Iu Some factors may reduce the Iu of a circuit breaker Circuit breakers do not undergo any alterations in their performances up to an altitude of 2000m. 2015 | Slide 31 . dielectric resistance. as the altitude increases.

4. IEC 60947-1 def. determines the application of the equipment and to which the relevant tests and the utilization categories are referred.Rated value Ue § Rated operational voltage Ue the rated operational voltage of an equipment is a value of voltage which.1 © ABB Group October 31.1.3. combined with a rated operational current. 2015 | Slide 32 .

Choice criteria § Rated values (Iu. Ue) § Limit values (Icu. Icw. 2015 | Slide 33 Insulation values (Ui. Icm) § © ABB Group October 31. Ics. Uimp) .

dielectric withstand at 2 x Ue . 4.2.5 x I1 © ABB Group October 31.1 Breaking capacity for which the prescribed conditions according to a specified test sequence do not include the capability of the circuit breaker to carry its rated current continuously .3. 2015 | Slide 34 .test sequence: O .Limit value Icu Icu = RATED ULTIMATE SHORT CIRCUIT BREAKING CAPACITY IEC 60947-2 def.verification of overload release at 2.3 min .CO .5.

3 min – CO .2.test sequence: O .CO .5.Limit value Ics Ics = RATED SERVICE SHORT CIRCUIT BREAKING CAPACITY IEC 60947-2 def.3 min .dielectric withstand at 2 x Ue .verification of overload release at 1. 4. 2015 | Slide 35 .45 x I1 © ABB Group October 31.3.2 Breaking capacity for which the prescribed conditions according to a specified test sequence include the capability of the circuit breaker to carry its rated current continuously .verification of temperature rise at Iu .

the breaking capacity decreases when the voltage increases.Rated value Ue § Rated operational voltage Ue Breaking capacity is always referred to the operational voltage. © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 36 .

rounded up to the lowest whole number. 2015 | Slide 37 . a percentage of Icu. in kA.Limit values Icu and Ics § Relation between Ics and Icu This relation is always true!!! Ics ≤ Icu The service breaking capacity Ics can be expressed as a value of breaking current. in accordance with the table (for example Ics = 25% Icu). Standard ratios between Ics and Icu © ABB Group October 31.

Limit values Icu and Ics § Icu and Ics: selection criteria Main circuit breakers or circuit breakers for which a long out-of-service period can not be accepted (for example naval installation) Ics CB selection based on Icu Normal / terminal circuits and / or economic applications © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 38 .

2015 | Slide 39 .Limit value Icw Icw = RATED SHORT-TIME WITHSTAND CURRENT IEC 60947-2 def.5. thus guaranteeing ACB E1B12 an excellent selectivity 400V 22.3. 4.4 Example of use of category B circuit breakers in electrical plant The upstream circuit Trafo 630kVA breaker can withstand Ucc%=4% the fault current up to 1 sec.7kA with downstream MCCB T4 MCCB T3 apparatus © ABB Group October 31.

Limit value Icw CATEGORY B CIRCUIT BREAKER IEC 60947-2 Table 4 Circuit breakers specifically intended for selectivity in short circuit conditions in relation to other protection devices in series. that is with an intentional delay (adjustable) applicable in short circuit conditions. 2015 | Slide 40 . These circuit breakers have a specified rated short-time withstand current Icw. © ABB Group October 31.

that is without intentional short-time delay provided for selectivity under short-circuit conditions. © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 41 . These circuit-breakers have not a specified rated short-time withstand current value Icw.Limit value Icw CATEGORY A CIRCUIT BREAKER IEC 60947-2 Table 4 Circuit-breakers “not specifically” intended for selectivity under short circuit conditions with respect to other protection devices in series on the load side.

This value is referred to a specified time (usually 1s or 3s). It must be stated when the circuit-breaker is classified in category B and its value must be greater than: § the highest value between 12 Iu and 5 kA for CBs with Iu £ 2500A § 30 kA for CBs with Iu > 2500A Circuit breakers without Icw value are classified in category A © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 42 .Limit value Icw Icw = RATED SHORT-TIME WITHSTAND CURRENT IEC 60947-2 Table 3 It is the value of short-time withstand current assigned to the circuit-breaker by the manufacturer under specified test conditions.

3.Limit value Icm Icm = RATED SHORT-CIRCUIT MAKING CAPACITY IEC 60947-2 def.5. 2015 | Slide 43 .1 Making capacity for which the prescribed conditions according to a specified test sequence include the capability of the circuit breaker to make the peak current corresponding to that rated capacity at the appropriate applied voltage. 4. It is always necessary to verify that: Icm ³ Ipeak © ABB Group October 31.

it may be calculated by the following formula (IEC 60909-0): I”k is the short-circuit current (rms value) at the initial instant of the shortcircuit The peak is a function of the power factor!!! © ABB Group October 31.Limit value Icm § Short circuit current: how to calculate the peak? The peak of the short-circuit current Ip is the maximum possible instantaneous value of the prospective short-circuit current. 2015 | Slide 44 .

20 kA 0. 2015 | Slide 45 .100 kA 10 .50 kA 6 .5 – 4.5 kA Distance from the power source © ABB Group October 31.Limit value Icm § The Standard hypothesis Perspective current IKLLL 10 .

the rated short-circuit making capacity of a circuit-breaker shall be not less than its rated ultimate short-circuit breaking capacity. © ABB Group October 31.Limit value Icm For a. 2015 | Slide 46 IEC 60947-2 Table 2 Icm ≥ n x Icu . multiplied by the factor n of the table.c.

Limit value Icm § SACE product features If the cosj of the plant is higher than the standard prescribed value. usually near to the transformer and/or generator. it is necessary to verify Icm ³ Ipeak © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 47 . it is not necessary to take into account the rated shortcircuit making capacity of the circuit-breakers (Icm) If the cosj of the plant is lower than the standard prescribed value.

Example Icm .2 and n=2. 2015 | Slide 48 . cosjk=0. according to the table 2.g.16 (lower than the standard prescribed value) the evaluated Ip=175kA. I will use a CB with a greater value of Icu in order to have an Icm value suitable to the peak current of the plant © ABB Group October 31. the used circuit breaker has an Icu = 75 kA. Short circuit current of the plant is Icc = 75kA .Ip e. Since Ip > Icm the CB selected is not correct.2 so Icm = n x Icu = 165 kA If the cosjk of the plant is equal to 0.

Uimp) . Ics. Icw. 2015 | Slide 49 Insulation values (Ui. Icm) § © ABB Group October 31. Ue) § Limit values (Icu.Choice criteria § Rated values (Iu.

4. 2015 | Slide 50 .Limit value Ui IEC 60947-1 def.1.3.2 Ui = RATED INSULATION VOLTAGE The rated insulation voltage of an equipment is the value of voltage to which dielectric tests and creepage distances are referred It shall be always verified that: Ue < Ui © ABB Group October 31.

Limit value Uimp Uimp = RATED IMPULSE WITHSTAND VOLTAGE IEC 60947-1 def. It shall be always verified that: Uimp > transient overvoltage in the plant © ABB Group October 31. 4.3 The peak value of an impulse voltage of prescribed form and polarity (1.2/50ms) which the equipment is capable of withstanding without failure under specified conditions of test and to which the values of the clearances are referred. 2015 | Slide 51 .1.3.

and d. and for not being maintained.c.c. operation (additional requirements) © ABB Group October 31.IEC Standard definitions Miniature Circuit Breakers MCB International Standard References IEC 60898 Applicable to circuit-breakers for protection of wiring installation in buildings and similar applications. Part 1: Circuit-breakers for a.c. operation Part 2: Circuit-breakers for a. and designed for use by uninstructed persons. 2015 | Slide 52 .

2015 | Slide 53 Limit values (Icn.Choice criteria § Rated values (In. Ics) . Ue) § © ABB Group October 31.

2 © ABB Group October 31. § §The rated current doesn’t exceed the 125A. stated by the manufacturer. 2015 | Slide 54 . IEC 60898-1 def.2. which the equipment can carry in uninterrupted duty. at a specified reference ambient air temperature (30 °C). 5.Rated value In Rated uninterrupted current (In): §the rated uninterrupted current of an equipment is a value of current.

1.1 © ABB Group October 31.Rated value Ue Rated operational voltage (Ue): The rated operational voltage of a circuit-breaker is the value of voltage. IEC 60898-1 def. 5. 2015 | Slide 55 . to which its performances (particularly the short-circuit performance) are referred.2. assigned by the manufacturer. § The rated operational voltage doesn’t exceed the 440Vac 220Vdc.

2015 | Slide 56 Limit values (Icn.Choice criteria § Rated values (In. Ics) . Ue) § © ABB Group October 31.

verification of overload release at 2.Limit value Icn Icn = RATED SHORT CIRCUIT CAPACITY IEC 60898-1 def.dielectric strength test at 900 V .85 times its non-tripping current for the conventional time. 2015 | Slide 57 .1 Ue (< 2 mA) .4 The rated short-circuit capacity is the value of the ultimate short-circuit breaking capacity for which the prescribed conditions. according to a specified test sequence.3 min . do not include the capability of the circuit-breaker to carry 0.8 x In The rated short circuit capacity doesn’t exceed the 25kA in ac and 10kA in dc © ABB Group October 31. 5.leakage current at 1.CO . test sequence: O .2.

85 times its nontripping current for the conventional time.5. 3. 2015 | Slide 58 .Limit value Ics Ics = RATED SERVICE SHORT CIRCUIT CAPACITY IEC 60898-1 def.5. © ABB Group October 31.2 The service short-circuit capacity of a circuit-breaker is the value of the breaking capacity for which the prescribed conditions according to a specified test sequence include the capability of the circuit-breaker to carry 0.

: O .75xIcn Ics is equal to 0. Minimum value of Ics is 7500A.3 min – CO (for one or two poles cb) (for three or four poles cb) .3 min . 2015 | Slide 59 Ics is equal to 1xIcn Ics is equal to 0.dielectric strength test .1 Ue (< 2 mA) .verification of no tripping at 0.test seq.Limit value Ics § Service Short Circuit capacity (Ics): .CO .leakage current at 1.5xIcn Minimum value of Ics is 6000A.3 min . .3 min – CO O .85 x In A circuit-breaker with a rated short-circuit capacity (Icn) has a corresponding service short-circuit capacity (Ics) as from this table: The circuit breaker with Icn < 6000A 6000A < Icn < 10000A Icn > 10000A © ABB Group October 31.O .

2015 | Slide 60 . The prescibed conditions are given in this table: © ABB Group October 31.Tripping Curves Overload characteristics The main difference between the overload protection curve of the CBs responding to IEC 60947 or IEC 60898 are referred to the conventional non tripping current.

Tripping Curves Magnetic characteristics The CBs according to IEC 60947 usually have the instantaneous threshold at 5 or 10 times the rated current with a tolerance of + 20%. D as indicated in the table below: © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 61 . The CBs according to IEC 60898-1 (ac applications) have different instantaneous threshold referred to the type B . C .

2015 | Slide 62 .Tripping Curves © ABB Group October 31.

Comparison (summary) IEC 60947-2 IEC 60898-1 People Instructed Uninstructed Maintenance Possible Not possible < 1000 Vac < 440 Vac < 1500 Vdc < 220 Vdc 40° C 30° C Rated Voltage (Ue) Ambient Temperature No limits Rated Current (Iu < 6300 A) Short circuit breaking current © ABB Group October 31. 2015 | Slide 63 No limits for Icu In = 125 A Icn = 25 kA (ac) Icn = 10 kA (dc) .

BU Breakers and Switches October 31. 2015 | Slide 64 .© ABB Group.