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15LD12/15TD12/15EE11

NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS


MODULE I
PART A

1) Define resonance frequency and quality factor for an RLC network.

2) Find the natural frequency,

of a series RLC circuit with R=200 ohm, L=0.1 H,

C=5F.
3) A charged capacitor C1 is connected to a series combination of R1 and C2 at t=0 as
shown below. Find the voltage Vc1 and Vc2 at t=0+ if R1=0 ohm.

4) Define: Transfer function. Mention its advantages.


5) State the Mechanical Analogous for R,L and C.
6) Draw the Laplace domain representation of an inductor of 2H having an initial current
of 4 mA.
7) Obtain the magnitude and phase representation of the function F(j)=(j)2.
8) What are the properties of transfer function?
9) What is Natural response?
10) Give the condition for transient response of RC circuit.
11) State the condition for transient response of RL circuit.
12) Give the condition for transient response of RLC circuit.
13) Give short notes of Time-Constant RC.
14) State the general expression for Laplace transform of unit step function.
15) State the general expression for Laplace transform of sinusoidal function.
16) What is meant by damping?
17) Define damping ratio.
18) Give the resonant frequency and damping ratio of RLC circuit.
19) State the conditions for Critical damped system and Under Damped system.
20) Define Logarithmic Decrement.
21) Define Logarithmic Increment.
PART B

1) i) In the figure, the switch has been in position 1 for sufficient time to establish
steady-state conditions. The switch is then moved to position 2. Find the current
transient and the energy dissipated in the resistors during the transient.

ii)

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A transient that increase from zero toward a positive steady-state magnitude is

49.5 at t1= 5.0 ms and 120 at t2= 20.0 ms. Obtain the time constant .
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iii)
Explain the transient response of RC circuit.
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2) i) A series RC circuit with R=100 ohm and C=25 has sinusoidal voltage 200 sin 500
t applied at t=0.Find the expression for current. The initial charge on capacitor is zero.
ii)

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A series RLC circuit with R=100 ohm, C=100 F and L=0.1 H has a constant
voltage 200 V applied at t=0. Find the current transient, assuming zero initial

charge on the capacitor.


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iii)
Describe the damping and natural response of RLC circuit.
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3) i) For the network shown in figure, a) Solve for the steady state transfer function
H(j), assuming v(t) as input and vc(t) as the desired response. Plot the amplitude and

phase response of the network.

v(t ) 5 cos t
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ii) Explain the response of non-sinusoidal periodic input in detail.


iii) Discuss the transient response of LC circuit.
4) i) What is Logarithmic decrement? Explain in detail.
ii) Define Logarithmic increment. Explain in detail.
iii) Explain the natural response of RL circuit.
5) i) Explain the transient response of RLC circuit for zero input.
ii) Derive the Laplace transform for step input function
iii) Discuss the sinusoidal input using Laplace transform.

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6) i) In the parallel RLC circuit shown below, where R=0.1, L =0.5H and C
is 1F. Capacitor C has an initial voltage of 10V. The switch K is closed
at time t=0. Obtain V(t).
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ii) Explain the natural response of parallel RL circuit.

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iii) Explain three different possible damping with the help of diagrams.

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MODULE II
PART A
1

Define poles and zeros and pole zero plot.

Compare Z and Y parameters with respect to voltage and current.

What are the conditions for symmetry and reciprocity?

Show how you can connect two 2port networks in parallel.

A phasor current

2540 0

A has complex frequency s=-2+j3s-1. What is the magnitude

of i(t) at t=0.2 s?
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Find the average power in a resistor R=10 ohm, if the current in Fourier series form is
i=10 sint+5 sint+2 sin 5t(A).

Find the z and y parameters if they exist for the two-port network shown

State the general expression for complex frequency.

What is complex impedance?

10 State complex admittance.


11 Give the expression of complex frequency for DC case
12 Give the expression of complex frequency for Exponential case
13 Give the expression of complex frequency for sinusoidal case.
14 State the frequency response from poles and zero configuration.
15 Give short notes on Fourier series of periodic inputs.
16 List the properties of Fourier series and Fourier Transform.
17 What is Fourier integral?
18 What is Fourier Transform?
19 State the general expression of trigonometric form of Fourier series.
20 State the general expression of Complex form of Fourier series.
21 Define Fourier Transform pair.
22 What is z-parameters? State the general conditions.
23 What is Short circuit admittance? State the general conditions.
24 Define Transfer Impedance Function.
25 Define Transfer admittance Function.
26 What is Voltage Transfer Function?
27 What is Current Transfer Function?
28 Give short notes on ABCD parameters of two-port network.
29 What is an image impedance?
30 State the properties of driving impedance of one-port network?
PART B

1) i) The following equation gives the voltage and current at the input port of two-port
network. Determine the transmission parameters.

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V1= 5V2-3I2
I1=6V2-2I2
ii) Derive the expression for trignometric and complex form of fourier series.

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iii) Find the Foureir series for the waveform shown in figure.

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2) The two currents of a two-port network are

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I1=2V1-V2
I2=-V1+4V2
ii) Explain the ABCD parameters of two-port netwrok in detail.

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iii) Find the Complex Fourier coeffcients for the function shown in Figure.

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3) i) Determine the open-circuit impedance parameters of the two-port networks shown


in figure.

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ii) Explain the short circuit admittance of two port network in detail.

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iii) Find the Fourier transform for the functions shown in the figure.
H (s)

4) i) Find poles and zeros of

10
( s 2 s 26)

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. Place them in the s-domain and use

the pole-zero plot to sketch H(j).

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ii) Draw the pole zero configuration for the given netwrok function and obtain the
time domain response i(t).
I (s)

5s
( s 4s 8)( s 1)
2

iii) Explain the Z-parameters of two-port network in detail.

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5) i) Discuss the driving point impedance and admittance of one-port network in detail.
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ii) Derive expressions for evaluating the driving point impedance at the output port of
a network having a source impedance ZS at the input, in terms of (i) Zparameters of
the network, and (ii) Yparameters of the network.

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iii) Find the z-parameters of the RC-ladder network shown in figure.

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6) i) Determine the Z parameters of the network shown in figure 1.

figure 1

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ii) Also find Y parameter of the network shown in figure1.

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iii) For the two port network shown in figure 2, determine the driving point

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impedance Z11 (s), transfer impedance Z21 (s) and the voltage transfer ratio G21 (s).

7) i) Derive the relation between the open circuit impedance parameters and the short
circuit admittance parameters.

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ii) Obtain the equivalent network for the given T network.

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iii) Determine the system function if the d.c gain of the system is 10 and pole zero
plot is as shown in figure.
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8) i) The impedance parameters of a two-port network are Z11= 6 , Z22= 4 ,


Z12=Z21=3 . Compute the Y and ABCD
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ii) For the network shown find the driving point impedance Z(s). Also locate the zeros
of this impedance function in s plane.
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iii) Discuss in detail the significance of poles and zeros and the restrictions on the
location of poles and zeros in the s-plane with respect to a network.
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MODULE III
PART A
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)

What is a filter
What are the classification of filters?
Define band pass filter and band elimination filter.
Define low pass and high pass filters.
Draw the ladder structure of the filter network.
Give the formula for characteristic impedance of symmetrical T-Section.
Define propagation constant.
Give the formula for propagation constant of (a) T-network (b) T1 network.
Give the classification of pass band and stop band.
Give the characteristic impedance in the pass and stop band.
What is a prototype filter?
Give the entle-off frequency of a prototype filter.
Design a low pass filter have a cut off frequency of 2KHZ to operate with terminated

load resistance of 500.


14) Give the plot for characteristic impedence with respect to frequency in case of
constant K high pass filter.
15) Give the cut off frequency of m-derived a. Low pass filter b. High pass filter.
16) Give the cut off frequency of (a) BPF (b) BEF
17) What is an attenuator and give its types?
18) Design a symmetrical bridge T-attenuate with an attenuation of 20dB and terminated
into a load of 500m.
19) What are the uses of attenuators?
20) What is a Hurwitz polynomial?
21) Give any 2 condition for a function to be positive real.
22) Give any 2 conditions for a polynomial to be Hutwitz.
23) Give the steps for the synthesis of reactive one port by josters method.
24) What are the properties of impedence function?
25) What are the properties of admittance function?
26) What does a pole at infinity indicate?
27) Test whether the polynomial P(S) = S3+4S2+5S+2 is Hurwitz
28) What is constant k filter? Why its called prototype filter section?

29) Test whether the polynomial P(s)=s4+3s2+2s+12 is Hurwitz.


30) Where will be the location of poles and zeros of an LC Immitance function?
31) List the advantage of m-derived filters.
32) List the four important properties of a driving point impedance of an RC network.
33) List the four important properties of a driving point impedance of an LC network.
34) List the four important properties of a driving point impedance of an RL network.
35) State the necessary conditions for driving point functions.
36) Differentiate analysis and synthesis and specify their importance with relevant
expression.
37) Differentiate Foster Form and Cauer Form and specify their importance with relevant
expression.
38) What are the specification of Low pass and High pass filters?
39) What are the demerits of m-derived filters?
40) Define cut-off frequency and image impedance of a filter network.
PART B
1

i) Design a mderived low pass filter having a cutoff frequency of 1 kHz, design
impedance of 400 , and resonant frequency 1100 Hz. Obtain Tsection and
section filters.

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ii) Explain the characteristics of ideal filters

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iii) Design a k-type band pass filter with cut-off frequencies 1 kHz and 10 kHz and
design impedance of 500 ohm.

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2) i) Design a m-derived high pass filter with cut-off frequency of 10 kHz , design
impedance of 600 ohm and m=0.3.

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ii) Design a composite low-pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 10 kHz for a load
resistance of 500 ohm. It should have high attenuation at 10.65 kHz.

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iii) What is Band Pass Filter? Derive the prototype of T and Band-pass filter section.
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3) i) Explain Hurwitz polynomial and properties of Hurwitz polynomial in detail.
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ii) Define Positive Real Function. Explain the properties and necessary conditions.
iii) What is one-port network? Explain the reliability of one port network.
4) i) Explain the synthesis and properties of L-C Driving point Immitance.
ii) Discuss the properties of R-L impedance and R-C admittance.
iii) Test whether the following function is positive real.
s 2 2 s 25
Z (s)
( s 4)
5) i) Synthesize the following RC impedance function in Foster Forms.
2( s 2)( s 4)
Z (s)
( s 1)( s 3)
ii) Synthesize the following LC impedance function in Cauer II form.
Z ( s)

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s 3 2s
s 4 4s 2 3

iii) Synthesize the following RL impedance function in Cauer I form.


Z (s)

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( s 1)( s 4)
( s 5)( s 3)

6) i) Design a constant k - type band pass filter section to be terminated in 600 ohm
resistance having cut off frequencies of 2 kHz and 5 kHz.
ii) Obtain a T and section constant high pass filter having cut-off frequency of
2 kHz and nominal impedance Ro=500 ohms.
iii) Check the positive realness for the given functions
s 2 10 s 4
F ( s)
( s 2)

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7) i) Enlist the properties of L-C Driving point Immitance.


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ii) State whether the following function is driving point immitance of LC network or
not:

10( s 2 4)( s 2 6)
Z (s)
( s 2 1)( s 2 s)
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iii) State whether the following function is driving point immitance of LC network or
not:

Z (s)

5 s ( s 2 4)
( s 2 1)( s 2 3)
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8) i) Test the following polynomials for Hurwitz property (a) s6 + 3s5 + 8s4 + 15s3 + 17s2

+ 12s + 4 (b) 2s6 + s5 + 13s4 + 9s3 + 56s2 + 25s + 25

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