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Nairobi Package

Agreements on agriculture

Export Competition, including a commitment to eliminate subsidies for farm exports

o Under the decision, developed members have committed to remove export subsidies immediately,
except for a handful of agriculture products, and developing countries will do so by 2018.
o Developing members will keep the flexibility to cover marketing and transport costs for agriculture
exports until the end of 2023
o poorest and food-importing countries would enjoy additional time to cut export subsidies
o The decision contains disciplines to ensure that other export policies are not used as a disguised form
of subsidies. These disciplines include terms to limit the benefits of financing support to agriculture
exporters, rules on state enterprises engaging in agriculture trade, and disciplines to ensure that food aid
does not negatively affect domestic production
Decision on Public Stockholding for Food Security Purposes
o commits members to engage constructively in finding a permanent solution to this issue
Special Safeguard Mechanism (SSM)
o recognizes that developing members will have the right to temporarily increase tariffs in face of import
surges by using an SSM
Decision on Cotton
o Stressed the vital importance of the cotton sector to LDCs. The decision includes three agriculture
elements: market access, domestic support and export competition
o On market access, the decision calls for cotton from LDCs to be given duty-free and quota-free access
to the markets of developed countries and to those of developing countries declaring that they are
able to do so from 1 January 2016.
o The domestic supportpart of the cotton decision acknowledges members' reforms in their domestic
cotton policies and stresses that more efforts remain to be made.
o On export competition for cotton, the decision mandates that developed countries prohibit cotton
export subsidies immediately and developing countries do so at a later date

Decisions of benefit to LDCs

Preferential rules of origin for LDCs

o more detailed directions on specific issues such as methods for determining when a product qualifies as
made in an LDC, and when inputs from other sources can be cumulated or combined together
into the consideration of origin.
o It calls on preference-granting members to consider allowing the use of non-originating materials up to
75% of the final value of the product.
o calls on preference-granting members to consider simplifying documentary and procedural
requirements related to origin
LDC trade in services
o extends the current waiver period under which non-LDC WTO members may grant preferential
treatment to LDC services and service suppliers
o The waiver allows WTO members to deviate from their most-favoured nation obligation under the
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS).

Ministers reaffirm central role of WTO in global trade talks, acknowledge divide on future of Doha Round

the need to ensure that Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) remain complementary to, not a substitute for, the
multilateral trading system was reaffirmed
Ministers acknowledged that members have different views on how to address the future of the Doha Round
negotiations but noted the strong commitment of all Members to advance negotiations on the remaining Doha
This work shall maintain development at its centre and we reaffirm that provisions for special and differential
treatment shall remain integral, ministers declared.