System Of Equations
Solved Problems
System of Equation :
 ]
=[
 ]
+ , +
=[
 ]
=[
 ]
Rank =2
1
Matrices
System Of Equations
rank (A:B) = 3
The system is inconsistent
Q . Solve equation x + y + z = 3
x +2 y + 3z = 4
x + 4y + 9z = 6
 ]
 ]
3
[
 ]
Solved Problems
Matrices
System Of Equations
y+2z=1
y=1
x+ y + z=3
x=2
Q . Test for consistency : 5 + + =
3 + + =
7 + + =
 ]
~[
 ]
+ , +
~[
 ]
() , ()
Solved Problems
Matrices
System Of Equations
~[
Solved Problems
 ]
~[
 ]
(i)
+ =
Let = t
(i)
(tR)
(ii) = 14+3t49 { }
(ii)
Matrices
System Of Equations
[A:B] =[
Solved Problems
 ]
~ [
 ]
~ [
 ]
(i)
(ii)
+ + + = (iii)
Let = , =
= = 3
( , )
=2
= +
5
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
[A:B] = [
 ]
~ [
 ]
~ [
 ]
~ [
 ]
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
~ [
]
= 84 { } = 0
8= 4
For = 2 system here no unique solution
~ [
 ]
Rank A=2
Rank (A:B) =3
system has no unique solution.
Q . For what value of , equation have solution
x + y +z = 1
x +2y +4 z =
x + 4y +10z =
Equation have solution and find the solution in each case
[A:B]= [
 ]
,
7
Matrices
System Of Equations
~ [
 ]
~ [
]

+ +
Rank A =2
System has a solution is rank of [A:B] =2
i.e if + + =0
if = or 2
if =
 ]
(ii)
(i)
tR
(i) y=3t
(ii) x = 1t+3t
8
Solved Problems
Matrices
System Of Equations
=1+2t
Solved Problems
tR
[A:B]= [
 ]
,
~ [
 ]
~[
 ]
(i) If =3 , 10
9
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
Rank A = 2
Rank [A:B] = 3
No solution.
(ii) If 3 , for any value of
Rank A = 3 = rank [A:B]
= no. of solution
System has unique solution .
(iii) If 3 and =10
Rank A= 2= rank [A:B] < no. of solution.
system has infinite solution.
 ]
10
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
~[
 ]
+ , +
~[
 ]
+
Rank A =2
System has solution if rank[A:B] =2
i.e if a+c2b=0
+
i.e if b=
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
2x 3y +2 z = y
x + 2y 0 = z
(2) x 2 y +z = x
2x+( 3y) +2 z = y
x + 2y z=0
] []=[]
] X=0
, +
] X=0
Rank A =1 =r
# L.I solution = n r = 3 1=2
x2y+z=0
12
Matrices
System Of Equations
Let z = t
y= s
t,sR
x= t+2s
for =3
[
] X=0
+ ,
] X=0
] X=0
+ , +
[
]X=0
]X=0
13
Solved Problems
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
Rank 2 = r
# L.I solution = n r = 3 1=2
x+2y+3z=0
4y+8z=0
Let z=P
y=2P PR
x= 3P4P
x=P
Q . Show that system of equations
ax + by + cz =0
bx + cy + az = 0
cx + ay + bz = 0
has non trivial solution if either a+b+c =0 or a =b = c
a+by+c=0 or a = b = c
[
] X = 0
14
Matrices
System Of Equations
Solved Problems
 = 0 + + =0
(a+b+c) ( + + abacbc)=0
a+b+c = 0 or + + abbcac=0
or + + 2ab2bc2ac=0
or [( + ) + ( + ) +(
+ ]=0
( ) +( ) +( ) = 0
i.e = = =
i.e a = b= c = 0
If a+b+c+ = 0
+ +
++ ++
~[
++
] X =0
bx+cy+az=0
Cx+ay+bz=0


=

=t z R
x=( )t
y=( )t
15
Matrices
System Of Equations
z=(ab )t
If a=b=c
] X =0
r= 1
t, sR
16
Solved Problems