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2.Problems on Leibnitz Theorem spr

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Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Leibnitzs Rule :-

Q} If y = uv

y = x2excosx

Find yn = ?

Soln:Let u = excosx , v = x2

yn = exrn cos(x+n) x2 + nexrn-1 cos(x+(n-1)) (2x) +

()

cos(x+(n-2)) 2

!

where r =

= () =

Q} y =

P.t. y5 =

+ +

{ 1+

+ logx}

Soln:() ()!

Let u = logx

un =

v =

y5 = u5v + 5u4v1 + 10u3v2 + 10u2v3 +5u1v4 + uv5

!

= { +

( ) + {

+ + + }

( ) + ( ) ( ) +

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Q} If In = { }

P.t In=nIn-1 + (n-1)!

Also P.t In=n! {logx + 1 + +. . . .+ }

Soln :- In = { }

= { ( . )}

= { + () }

= {

+ ( . )

In= ( ) +

! =

()!

Put n= 1,2,3,.

= +

!

()

()

= () +

()!

= +

()

( )

Adding

+

!

+

!

()!

+ +

!

()!

()!

+

!

+ + ++

+

= ! + + + + +

= logx + + + + +

++

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Q) If y =

!

+ =

Soln :y =

= +

= +

i.e. = +

Using leibintz theorem

{+ + } = n! +

+ = !

!

+ =

Q) If x+y = 1

+ (nCn)2 () }

Let u =

v = = ( )

= ( ) () = ()

= ( )( ) () = ( ) ()

= ! ()

=

= ( )

3

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

= !

() ( ) + . . + (nCn) n!()

() (nCn)2}

Q) If =

. . () nC2 ()+ nC4 () + =

y=

ycosx = sinx

By leibintz Rule

() + nC1 + ()() + nC2 ()() +

n

C3 ()() +

n

C4 ()() + = ( +

Put x = 0

() nC2 ()+ nC4 () + =

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Q) If y =

= ( )

Hence P.T ( ) (( ) + ) (

)( ) =

Soln:- =

()

2y =

()()(+)()

2y =

()

()

()

() (

+

)

()

y = ( )

i.e ( ) =

By leibnitz rule taking (n-1)th derivative

= { ( ) + ( ) () +

()()

!

() } =

( ) ( + + ) ( )(

) =

5

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Q) If y = cos(m )

P.T. ( ) ( + ) + ( ) =

Soln: = sin(m )

( ) = (m )

( ) +

()

= m cos(m )

( ) =

( ) + =

By leibints theorem

{+ ( ) + + () +

{ + + } + =

()

()}

+ ( ) + + ( ) +( ) =

+ ( ) ( + )+ + ( ) =

Q) If

P.T ( )+ + ( + )+ +( ) =

Soln:

=

6

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

+ =

Solved Problems

+ =0

=

y = ( )

= ( ) { +

= ( )

= = (

)

( ) + =

Using Leibnitz theorem

{+ ( ) + + () +

} =

()

()} + {+ +

( )+ + (2n+1)x+ + ( ) =

Q) If x = cos

=

(1- )+ ( + )+ ( + ) =

logy = m

y =

7

Successive Differentiation

y =

=

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

=

()

+ =

( ) =

Q) If y =

P.T

(

+

)+(2n+3)x+ + ( +

+

) =

y( + ) = ( + + )

Take 2 derivatives and apply Leibnitz rule

( + ) +

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

Q) If u = f(x)

y =

P.T = ( + )

n

= nC0 + nC1

(. ) + C2 ( . ) +

+ nCn ( . )

}

= ( + )

Soln.:

= x2 e2x

By Leibnitz's theorem,

Note : Take vas that function whose derivative vanish

after some derivative.

= (x2e2x)m

ym

= (e2x)m x2 + (e2x)m1 (x2)1 +

= 2me2x x2 + m2 m1 e2x

x+

m(m 1)

2

2n2

ex

2+0

ym (0)

= 0 + 0 + m(m 1)

2

2m2, e0 2

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

= 2m2 m (n 1)

ym (0)

Soln.:

m 2

(m 2 )! ( x m )

( x 1 )m

x log(x 1)

By Leibnitz's theorem,

= x log(x 1)

ym

ym

= log(x 1)

ym

ym

(1)m 1 (m 1)!

m (1)m 2 (m 2)!

x

1 0

(x 1)n

(x 1)n1

ym

(1)m 2 (m 2)!

(1)(m 1)x m (x 1)

(x 1)m

10

(1)m 2 (m 2)!(x m )

(x 1)m

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Soln.:

Solved Problems

m!

x

y = xm log x

1

x

y1 = mxm1 logx + xm

Note :

Since we want ym+1 so first find y1 and then take

the mth derivative.

xy1 = m xm log x + xm

xy1 = my + xm

theorem we have,

ym+1 x + m ym 1 = mym + m !

ym+1 =

m!

x

Soln.:

f () cot

c1

f n 1 () nc 3 f n 3 () nc 5 f n 5 ().... cos

n

2

cos

sin

f () sin = cos

Now on differentiating n times and by using Leibnitzs

theorem we have,

f () sin cos

n

1

11

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

put = 0,

0 nc1 f n 1 (0) 0 nc 3 f n 3 (0)... cos

n

2

n

2

prove that : (1 + w2)yn+1 + (2nw 1)yn n (n 1) yn1 = 0

y = etan1 (w)

Soln.:

y1 = etan1(w)

(1 + w2)y1 = y

1

1 w2

y

1 w2

theorem we have,

(1 w)y1 n y n

y n 1 (1 w 2 ) n y n (2w)

(6) If

Soln.:

y1 =

that (1 x

y=

Note :

n(n 1)

y n 1 (2) 0 y n

2

2x 1 x 2

2 1 x 2 2x

cos =

(2 x )

2 1 x2

1 sin 2

1 x 2 y1 2(1 x 2 ) 2 x 2

12

) y n 2 (2 n 1 ) xy n 1 (n 2 4 ) y n 0

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

1 x 2 y1 2 4 x 2

on differentiating w.r.t. x,

y 2 1 x 2 y1

2

8 x

2 1 x2

(1 x 2 )y 2 xy 1 8 x 1 x 2

(1 x 2 )y 2 xy 1 4 y

(1 x 2 )y 2 xy 1 4 y 0

theorem we have,

(1 x

1 x y

n 2

n(2 x )y n1

1 x y

n 2

1 x y

n2

1 x y

n2

)y 2 n xy 1 n 4 y n 0

n(n 1)

(2) yn xy n1 2ny n 4 y n 0

2

13

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

x2yn+2 + (2n +1)xy

constant.

Soln.:

y=

n+1+

A cos(log x ) B sin(wgx )

y1 = A sin(log x ) B cos(log x )

x

xy1 =

A sin(log x ) B cos(log x )

on differentiating w.r.t. x,

Aws (log x ) B sin(log x )

x

x

xy2 + y1 =

theorem we have,

x y x, y y

2 2

x 2 y n 2 n(2 x )y n1

n(n 1)

2 y n1 ny n y n

2

(8) If y =

log( x x 2 1 )

prove that

y2m (0) = 0 and y2m+1 (0) = (1)m, 12, 32, 52 (2m 1)2

Soln.:

y log(x x 2 1 )

y1

y1

2x

1

2

x x 1

2 x 1

1

1

x2 1

14

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

x 2 1 y1 1

x 2 1 y 2 y1

2x

2 x2 1

=0

(x 2 1)y 2 xy 1 0

theorem we have,

(x

x

at

1)y m 2 m (2 x )y m 1

m (m 1)

2 y m xy m 1 my m 0

2

1 ym 2 (2m 1)xy n1 m 2 y m 0

To find y3 (0)Put m = 1 in

y12 (0) y 3 (0) 1 2 y1 (10 ) (1)1 1 2

m 3 y 3 2 (0) y 5 (0) 3 y 3 (0) 3 2 1 2 (1)2 1 2 3 2

= (1)

1 2 (2 2 1)2 )

y m(0) 0

2

and

(9) If

(2 n 1 ) xy ( p n ) y 0 and hence de duce yn(0) =

y sin( p sin 1 x )

(1 x 2 ) y n 2

n 1

0

if n is even and yn(0) = .(32 p2)p (n2)2 p2 if n is add

where p is any constant.

Soln.:

y sin( p sin 1 x )

15

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

y1 cos( p sin 1 x )

Solved Problems

p

1 x2

1 x 2 y 1 p(p sin 1 x )

[ cos2 + sin2 =

(1 x 2 )y 2 p 2 (1 y 2 )

1]

Now on differentiating n times by using Leibnitzs

theorem we have,

(1 x 2 )2 y1 y 2 y1 (2 x ) p 2 (2 yy 1 )(1 x 2 )y 2 xy 1 p 2 y

2

(1 x 2 )y n2 ny n1 (2 x )

n(n 1)

y n (2) y n1 , x ny n p 2 y n

2

at x = 0,

y1 (o) = cos (psin1x

p

1 02

y 2 (o) p 2 y(0) 0

y n 2 (o ) (n 2 p 2 )yn(o )

If n=1,

n=2,

y 4 (o) (2 2 p 2 )y 2 (o) (2 2 p 2 )o 0

n=3,

16

o) = o

=p

Successive Differentiation

Leibnitz Rule

Solved Problems

yn (o) o

(10) If

p x

p x

tan1

( p 2 x 2 ) yn 2 2 (n 1 ) xy n 1 n(n 1 ) y n

prove

that

p x

y tan 1

p x

Soln.:

put x = p tan

y=

p p tan

1 tan

tan 1

tan 1

1 tan

p p tan

y=

tan 1 tan

x

tan 1 ( )

4

4

p

1

1

p

2

2

x p p x2

1 2

p

theorem we have,

(p

x 2 )y 2

2 xy

n

1 n

n(n 1)

2 yn 2 x y n1 n 2 y n 0

2

( p 2 x 2 )y n 2 (2 x ) y n 2

17

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