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Assignment Set – 1

1. A box contains 74 brass washers, 86 steel washers and 40 aluminum washers, Three washers are drawn at random from the box without replacement. Determine the probability that all three are steel washers.

Ans –

**No. of ways to succeed = P(success) =
**

86

86

C3 C3

No of possible outcomes =

200

C3/200C3 = 0.0779

**2. Suppose that the random variable X is uniformly distributed over [a, b] and if , then compute the value of V(X)
**

E ( x) =

Ans – We have E(X) = (a + b)/2 E(X)2 = ʃx+an=abx21b-adx = 1b-ab3-a33 Hence V (X) = E(X2) – (E(X))2 = 1b-ab3-a33-a+b22 V(X) = b-a212

( a + b) 2

**3. If x is normally distributed with zero mean and unit variance, find the expectation and variance of
**

σ2

Ans – The equation of the normal curve is y = 1σ2πe- x-m22σ2 If mean is zero and variance is unit, then putting m=0 and σ = 1, the above equation reduced to y = 12πe-x22 Expectation of x2 i.e µ’1 = -∞+∞x212πe-x22dx = 12π-∞+∞x2e-x22dx = 12πx-xe-x22dx Integrating by parts taking x as first function and remembering that ……….. (i)

.

**ddxe-x22=-xe-x22
**

= 12π0-20∞e-x22dx Putting x2 = z, dx = 2 dz

**222π0∞e-z2dz 2ππ2=1
**

Hence

**12π-∞+∞x2e-x22dx = 1
**

Ans µ’1 = -∞+∞(x^2)212πe-x22dx = 12π-∞+∞x3(-xe-x22)dx

…………. (ii)

Integrating by parts taking x3 as first function = -12πx3ex22∞-∞- -∞∞3x2.e-x22dx = 12π0-3 -∞∞x2.e-x22dx = 3 12π -∞∞x2.e-x22dx =3(1)

2

with the help of (ii)

Variance of x =µ2= µ2’- µ1’2

= 3-(1)2 =2

4. Show that if X1 and X2 be two independent random variables with Poisson distribution and parameters m1 and m2 respectivelly, then the sum of (X1 + X2) is a random variable with Poisson distribution and parameters (m1 +m2).

Ans –

**5. Find out the geometric mean of the following series
**

Class Frequen cy

Ans – Here we have Class 0 – 10 10 – 20 20 – 30 30 – 40 40 – 50 Total Frequency (f) 10 12 11 10 6 49 Mid value (X) 5 15 25 35 45 Log x .6990 1.1761 1.3979 1.5441 1.6532 f(log x) 6.9900 14.1132 15.3796 15.4410 9.9192 flogx=61.843

010 10

1020 12

2030 11

3040 10

4050 6

Log G = 1Nflogx = (1/50)61.843 = 1.2369 G = Antilog 1.2369 = 17.25

6. Find the equation of regression line of x on y from the following data

x y

0 2 1

1 2 8 2 7

3 3 4

4 3 5

Ans – sum(X) = 0+1+2+3+4 = 10 sum(X²) = 0²+1²+2²+3²+4² = 30 sum(Y) = 21+8+27+34+35 = 125 sum(Y²) = 21²+8²+27²+34²+35² = 3615 sum(XY) = 0.21 + 1.8 + 2.27 + 3.34 + 4.35 = 304 n=5 Xbar = sumX / n = 10 / 5 = 2 Ybar = sumY / n = 125 / 5 = 25 gradient m = [ n sumXY - sumX sumY ] / [ n sumX² - (sumX)² ] = (5.304 - 10.125) / (5.30 - 10²) = (1520 - 1250) / (150 - 100) = 270 / 50 = 27/5 Equation is y = mx + c Ybar = m.Xbar + c 25 = (27/5)(2) + c c = 25 - (54/5) = 71/5 Therefore the equation of the regressed line is y = (27/5)x + (71/5)

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