4 views

Uploaded by mahirahmed51

this si MATH 3283W notes for university of minnesota, twin city

- A Contribution to the Mathematical Theory of Big Game Hunting
- Assignment 1
- PI Programming Questions VII
- Week 2 - 3 Night High 1
- Topology Notes
- Exams
- Calculus 11 Sequences and Series
- Matlab Matrices
- 135506-1401-6767-IJBAS-IJENS
- Partner function short.doc
- Tychonoff’s Theorem and the Axiom of Choice
- Point Set Topology from MathCamp 2011
- iowa core standards excercise
- SMARANDACHE FUNCTION (book series), Vol. 4-5
- 13MJEE22(CB650F)
- LEC n1
- MA104solutions2.pdf
- DiPerna Paper
- fyparhvr
- Pointset Topology

You are on page 1of 17

4.1 Convergence of sequences

Writing quiz 6: tomorrow

prepare, but do not submit:

3.5 #3, 5, 7b, 8, 13, 14

For Fri.: Watch videos on 3.5, 4.1.

Schedule notes

Class on Wednesday 25 November will be virtual.

More details later.

Exam 2 statistics

The maximum score is 98.

The mean and median are both 63.

173 students took Exam 1 and 2, with 200 points possible.

The maximum score is 189.

The mean is 133, and the median is 137.

Estimated grades

(score range, suggested letter grade, number of students)

[166, 189] A

20

[155, 165] A20

[146, 154] B+ 19

[141, 145] B

17

[136, 140] B17

[126, 135] C+ 20

[117, 125] C

13

[100, 116] C23

[80, 99]

D

17

[0, 79]

<D 7

Checklist

Monday, we:

- Proved the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem, assuming the

Heine-Borel theorem.

- Proved that 1. compact sets are bounded.

- Began to prove that 2. compact sets are closed.

And today, we have left to show the hard part, which is that

- 3. Closed and bounded sets are compact.

If S R is nonempty, closed, and bounded, then S has a max and

a min.

3. Suppose that S is closed and bounded. Show that S is

compact. Let A be any open cover of S, and we show that A has

a finite subcover.

Idea for how to do this: cut S off at x and ask whether that is

covered by finitely many members of A . Define

Sx = S (, x],

and define B to be the set of x such that Sx is covered by finitely

many members of A .

a. S has a min (why?), call it d. What is Sd ? Then d B (why?).

contradiction, suppose that that B is bounded above and that

m = sup B. We show that m S and m 6 S both lead to

contradictions.

i. Suppose that m S. Then there is an A0 A with m A0 .

But A0 is an open set, so there exists > 0 such that

(m , m + ) A0 . There exists m0 B with m < m0 < m

(why?). Then show m + /2 is also in B, a contradiction.

that N(m, ) S = .

As in part i before, there exists m0 B with m < m0 < m.

But Sm0 = Sm+/2 (why?), so m + /2 B as well, a contradiction.

You worked with sequences and investigated their behavior

(probably in an informal way) in a second-semester calculus course.

an = (1)n

cn =

1

n2

1 + 3n3

5n3 2n2

bn =

sin n

n

dn =

ln n

n

We formalize the definition of sequence in the following way:

Definition

A sequence is a function a : N R.

Usually, the output of the natural number n will be written an

instead of a(n), and we refer to the sequence with the notation

(an ) or

(a1 , a2 , a3 , . . . ).

Note the use of the parentheses instead of curly brackets, which

emphasizes the ordering of the elements of the range.

We also formalize the meaning of convergence of a sequence:

Definition

A sequence (an ) converges to the real number L if and only if for

every > 0, there exists a real number N such that if

n>N

then

|an L| < .

If (an ) converges to L, then we will write

lim an = L

or an L.

If (an ) does not converge to any real number, then we say that

(an ) diverges.

Examples

Example 1

Show that

1

n

converges to 0.

Examples

Example 2

Show that an = n diverges.

Examples

Example 3

Show that

1

n2

converges to 0.

Examples

Example 4

Find

2n2 5

.

n 3n2 40n

lim

Examples

Example 5

Determine whether the sequence

an = (1)n (1 + 10n )

converges.

- A Contribution to the Mathematical Theory of Big Game HuntingUploaded byAvi Steiner
- Assignment 1Uploaded byAnonymous aoL1SPjfB
- PI Programming Questions VIIUploaded byDushyant Goyal
- Week 2 - 3 Night High 1Uploaded byKenjie Gomez Eneran
- Topology NotesUploaded byPippo Miri
- ExamsUploaded by472346
- Calculus 11 Sequences and SeriesUploaded bySahar Barmomanesh
- Matlab MatricesUploaded bydevavrat.singh
- 135506-1401-6767-IJBAS-IJENSUploaded byGarudaOzo
- Partner function short.docUploaded byAniruddha Chakraborty
- Tychonoff’s Theorem and the Axiom of ChoiceUploaded byfrumaster
- Point Set Topology from MathCamp 2011Uploaded byTommy Tang
- iowa core standards excerciseUploaded byapi-449007744
- SMARANDACHE FUNCTION (book series), Vol. 4-5Uploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- 13MJEE22(CB650F)Uploaded bySupriadi aditya
- LEC n1Uploaded byS.m. Chandrashekar
- MA104solutions2.pdfUploaded byAbhijit Bhattacharya
- DiPerna PaperUploaded byRaghav Venkat
- fyparhvrUploaded byFranklyn Wang
- Pointset TopologyUploaded bytbrackman99
- 1-s2.0-0022247X68900577-mainUploaded byBrian Sneyder Siabato Corredor
- Infinte Series NotesUploaded byabd_93
- HW5solUploaded byGuillermo Aleman
- solo6Uploaded byIlir Destani
- Discontinuous ReceptionUploaded byshohobi
- ComposUploaded byalexmechdesigner
- stack-lecUploaded byfearlessravi
- Lectut IMA 301 PDF Sequences SeriesUploaded byAyush
- 00.General-Useful-Formulae.pdfUploaded byGokul Vinu
- Transistor de Juntura BipolarUploaded byGeraldine Yeffe Burgos

- theory of interest solution, chap 1Uploaded bypokok_kelapa
- math 5652 examsUploaded bymahirahmed51
- MATH 5652 MT 2 Topic List.pdfUploaded bymahirahmed51
- stochastics formula for mlcUploaded bymahirahmed51
- DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONSUploaded byqueenofthegypsies
- Chapters6 8PracticeQ'sUploaded byJason Rodrigues
- stochastics booksUploaded bymahirahmed51
- interest rate.pdfUploaded bymahirahmed51
- ProblemsMarkovChains.pdfUploaded byKlajdi Qoshi
- Microeconomics Complete Study GuideUploaded byGabriel 'Djibril' Hudson
- MIC 2e Study Guide Complete 2Uploaded byanna_jankovska
- MIT18_06S10_pset9_s10_solnUploaded byAkshay Goyal
- 1973-meshalkin-collectionofproblemsinprobabilitytheory.pdfUploaded byElza Firdiani Shofia
- math3283-wq9-f16-solUploaded bymahirahmed51
- MATH2373_Exam3ReviewUploaded bymahirahmed51
- final.1.sol.pdfUploaded bymahirahmed51
- FINA 4221 Problem Set 1Uploaded bymahirahmed51
- Fm Manual SampleUploaded bymahirahmed51
- final.1.solUploaded bymahirahmed51
- Hellman Midterm2 AnswersUploaded bymahirahmed51
- notes11.18.15Uploaded bymahirahmed51
- old5ansUploaded bymahirahmed51
- coursefm_1105Uploaded byapi-3723125
- PS5 S2015 SolutionsUploaded bymahirahmed51
- FIN307 Exam1 (1)Uploaded bymahirahmed51
- KO FM Exercise138Uploaded bymahirahmed51
- 2005 w SolutionsUploaded bymahirahmed51
- edu-2015-exam-fm-ques-theory.pdfUploaded byAviR14

- Sequences and Series ReviewUploaded bycartoon_nate
- w6Uploaded byPooja Sinha
- ClassicalUploaded byJayaprakash Sundarraj
- E-Dilation (Prohorov Metric)Uploaded byAbraham Jyothimon
- ReasoningLecture1W-12Uploaded bytamilanba
- Nelson Mathematics 11Uploaded byAaron Judah
- Sequence Detector Finite State Machine DesignUploaded byasic_master
- VTESTstudio ConceptManual EnUploaded byAntonio li causi
- Elementary Course of Infinitesimal CalculusUploaded byMarcel Stefanita
- 2013_02 Frew Manual.pdfUploaded byalok
- Ma6151 FormulaUploaded byமா மன்னன்
- Fibonacci SequenceUploaded byManuel Fierro
- Coupled Fixed Point Theorem in Partially Ordered Metric SpacesUploaded byAlexander Decker
- kUploaded byomar k
- compalg_02Uploaded byMizanur Rahman
- PD ISO-TR 26122--2008Uploaded byAlexandra Grishanova
- ch13-3Uploaded byDeo John Morante Bigoy
- Calculus- II- Paul DawkinsUploaded bysumeet1417
- ASNUploaded byMona Waseem
- [3] Khinchin a.Y.-three Pearls of Number TheoryUploaded byLuis Valerin
- Sequence Databases and Sequential Pattern AnalysisUploaded bySonaji Yusup
- Weierstrass´s_construction_of_the_irrational_numbersUploaded byGerardo Emilio García Almeida
- 53680598 Modern Control Design With MATLAB and SIMULINKUploaded byaimal
- Facet_Analysis.pdfUploaded byRohit Jangra
- Algebraic TopologyUploaded bylastname name
- PRACHUploaded bySiddharth Jain
- Defination of CodesUploaded byblue
- A Common Fixed Point Theorem Using in Fuzzy Metric Space Using Implicit RelationUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- Data Mining- Mining Sequential PatternsUploaded byRaj Endran
- CncUploaded byraschens