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Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Tetap Pengurusan Lestari Tasik,

Empangan dan Tadahan Air - Bil 1/2015

19 Mei 2015

MANAGEMENT OF LAKE AND WETLAND


IN PUTRAJAYA URBAN ECOSYSTEM

Putrajaya Lake and Wetland


An Operational Demonstration Site of UNESCO-IHP Ecohydrology Programme
- since Feb 2011

CONTENTS
Introduction
- Where and who we are?

The Ecosystem Services


What we have? Sharing the success story
~ the benefits to the communities?

- How to achieve?
by Ecohydrology Approach
- Integrated Management of Putrajaya Lake and Wetland
~ Stakeholders management
~ Maintenance activities
~ Monitoring and survey exercises
~ Management measures
~ Diversity assessment
~ Public participation

Conclusion

LOCATION OF

PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA
KUALA LUMPUR
CITY CENTRE

25 KM

PUTRAJAYA

20 KM

KUALA LUMPUR
INTERNATIONALAIRPORT

PRANG BESAR ESTATE


- OIL PALM AND RUBBER PLANTATION AREA

MAIN FEATURES OF

PUTRAJAYA MASTERPLAN
Large proportion of the city area
designated as green open space.
650 ha of water body (man-made
lake and wetlands) created within
the city.
38km of the waterfront area is
created by the lake.
City divided into 20 precincts; with
main employment and commercial
precincts located at the Core Island.
Peripheral precincts (residential
precincts) planned based on the
neighborhood planning concept.
A 4.2km long Boulevard forms the
central spine of the city.

LAND USE
GOVERNMENT USE
RESIDENTIAL

%
4.57
14.42

KOMERSIAL

2.83

MIXED USE

0.83

SPECIAL USE

2.80

SERVICE INDUSTRY

0.23

PUBLIC AMENITIES
PARKS & OPEN SPACE
INFRAS & UTILITIES
ROAD

6.98
39.15
9.79
18.40

Chuau River

PUTRAJAYA WETLAND

completed: August 1998


construction duration: 17.5 month
depth: 0.5 to 3 m
surface area: 200 ha

WETLAND
(200 hectare)

Main objective
surface run-off filtration system for
Putrajaya Lake

Bisa River

PUTRAJAYA LAKE

completed: May 2002


construction duration: 62 month
depth: 2 to 13 m
surface area: 400 ha
Main objective:
centre for water sports, recreation
and tourism

LAKE
(400 hectare)

The Lake Vision


To manage the lake in
order to ensure its
aesthetic viability,
sustain good water
quality, and allow for
different recreational
uses, including primary
and secondary contact
activities

TYPICAL LAYOUT AND COMPONENTS OF A WETLAND CELL

WEIR
INLET AREA

Lepironia articulata
UP
STREAM
CELL

OUTLET
AREA

OPEN
POND

SHALLOW POND

DOWN
STREAM
CELL

FOREBAY

Phragmites karka

WEIR

LATERAL FLOW

OUTLET
STUCTURETRASH RACKS

MAINTENANCE TRACK

Inlet
Macrophyte
Open water
ZII Zone
Outlet Zone

PUTRAJAYA WETLAND COMPONENTS

Unlined Open Drain to provide


soft and natural surface

Open Water Zone and


Outlet Structure

Maintenance Track & V-Drain

Aquatic Zone in the


wetland cells

Zone of Intermittent Inundation ZII)

Lateral flow - trash racks

CONTENTS
Introduction
- Where and who we are?

The Ecosystem Services


What we have? Sharing the success story
~ the benefits to the communities?

- How to achieve?
by Ecohydrology Approach
- Integrated Management of Putrajaya Lake and Wetland
~ Stakeholders management
~ Maintenance activities
~ Monitoring and survey exercises
~ Management measures
~ Diversity assessment
~ Public participation

Conclusion

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN PUTRAJAYA


PUTRAJAYA INTEGRATED
LAKE AND WETLAND
BASIN MANAGEMENT

HUMAN WELL-BEING
Basic material for good life
Health
Security
Good social relations

RESOURCE PROVISION SERVICES


-Freshwater Supply
-Drinking Water - when necessary
-Fish Harvesting
-Irrigation for landscaped areas

REGULATING SERVICES
-Health Provisions
-Aquatic Habitats
-Diverse food chains
-Microclimatic stabilsation
-Flood Mitigation
-Water Purification

CULTURAL SERVICES
-Spiritual and Religion
-Recreation and Relaxation
-Aesthetics Value/Inspiration
-Education and Research
-Sports Activities
-Tourism
-Waterfront properties
SUPPORTING SERVICES
-Physical structure - Water reuse
-Provision of Habitat
-Nutrient Regulators
-Employment

The Putrajaya Lake and Wetland : Regulating Services


Fresh clean water
Water Quality Index (2001 to 2014)
WQI
100.0

WQI Class I(>92.7)


94.5

95.0

94.3

92.0

WQI

90.0

89.0

WQI Class II(76.5-92.7)


93.1

93.9

92.8

93.0

93.9

93.5
91.5

90.0

90.4
88.7

85.0
80.0
75.0
70.0
2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Purata Indeks Kualiti Air (WQI)


Wetland dan Tasik Putrajaya
Station

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

LE1

94.1

93.8

92.9

94.7

91.7

88.7

86.4

90.9

93.4

93.0

90.9

91.2

UB2

93.2

88.6

91.5

90.8

87.5

85.3

85.3

86.0

90.6

90.8

91.6

84.6

UE1

87.7

91.2

90.2

89.3

91.0

88.0

89.7

89.7

92.2

92.4

91.7

90.7

UN8

82.9

82.9

75.2

70.4

81.4

80.9

82.8

78.4

80.3

83.1

83.8

83.3

UW7

88.1

84.9

90.1

84.3

88.3

83.5

86.4

83.0

90.9

89.1

88.5

86.7

Tasik

89.0

90.0

92.0

94.5

94.3

93.1

93.9

92.8

93.0

93.9

93.5

91.5

Regulating Services :
Food chain development in the Putrajaya Lake and Wetland Habitat

Regulating Services : Flood mitigation

ZII- Edge water plants

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
Flood mitigation

Normal water level

After heavy down fall

Rock Weirs

Regulating Services : Flood mitigation

The Putrajaya Lake and Wetland : Cultural Services


AN ATTRACTION FOR WATER SPORTS, RECREATION & TOURISM

Active activities
Cruise & dining boats
Canoeing & rowing
Sailing

Passive activities
Fishing
Bird watching
Walking
Jogging
Cycling

AN ATTRACTION FOR WATER SPORTS

International canoe championship 2005

AN ATTRACTION FOR WATER SPORTS

International Water Ski


Competition

International Dragon Boat


Competition

International Rowing
Competition

International F1 Powerboat 2002

Sailing Regatta

The Putrajaya Lake and Wetland : Cultural Services


AN ATTRACTION FOR DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM

International
Firework
Competition

International Floral Parade