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You are on page 1of 12

1 Contents

1.

1.1

1.2

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

Beam Deflection...................................................................................................................... 8

2.6

Skin Plate................................................................................................................................. 9

3.1

Gate weight...........................................................................................................................10

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

The purpose of this document is to present calculations and conclusions of design phase of Level

Crossing Inlet at Wavulewa to Upper Mediyawa Route. This inlet gate set can be considered as

Low Head Vertical Slide Gates.

IS 9349 (2006): Recommendations for structural design of medium and high head slide

gates.

IS 6938 (2005): Design of rope drum and chain hoists for hydraulic gates.

Design of Hydraulic Gates- Erbisti P.C.F

IS 5620 (1985): Recommendations for Structural Design Criteria for Low Head Slide Gates.

Engineer Manual EM 1110-2-2701- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 203141000

Structure Name

Location

Type of Structure

No.of Structures

Operating Mechanism

Sealing method

Wavulewa to Upper Mediyawa Route

Low head vertical slide gate

02

Electrical motor and manual

Metallic strip

2 Design Calculations

2.1 Design Parameters

Design head

Clear span

Seal span

Clear height

Materials

1.45m

2.2m

2.4m

2.7m

2.2m

ASTM A36

Total force

9.807

2.7

2.2

64.07

kN/m3

m

m

kN

According to above methodology beams are loaded equally to withstand the hydrostatic force

acting on the gate.

1

Max. Head

water sill m

2.2

No

beams

3

2.2

2.2

Area No

hk (depth) Yk(depth of

m

1.27

beams) m

0.85

1.80

1.55

2.20

2.00

Then the pressures acting on the beam centres, which are spaced according to above Yk,

P = . Yk,

P = Pressure kN/m2

Yk = Depth of beams m

Depth

arrangements

of beams m

0.00

Pressure at relevant

points kN/m2

0.000

0.85

8.336

1.55

15.201

2.00

19.614

2.20

21.575

Point

2.4

In above equations,

B = Seal span 2.7 m

Pa, Pb = Pressure kN/m2

Index

Total Force

Beam1

3.188 kN

Beam2

16.407 kN

Beam3

19.81 kN

Beam4

24.65 kN

Then calculated forces will be applied to determine the maimum bending moment and

shear forces acting on beams.

L = supporting span 2.4m

S = F/2

S = Shar Force kN

Max. Bending

Moment kNm

Shearing

force

kN

2.7

2.4

1.20

1.594

16.407

2.7

2.4

6.15

8.2035

19.81

2.7

2.4

7.43

9.905

24.65

2.7

2.4

9.24

12.325

Beam No

Design Load

kN

3.188

According to above values now need to select a steel profile as beams which is satisfy

the allowable bending stress and shear stress for such design.

Allowable bending stress = 0.68 x (minimum yield stress)

Shear Stress = (Shear force)/ (Sectional Area)

the design requirements.

Beam No

Max. Bending

Moment kNm

Section Modulus

m3

Bending Stress

MPa

Allowable bending

stress MPa

0.2275

6.018519

168.64

1.17075

1.41 X 10-4

1.41 X 10-4

30.97222

168.64

1.41225

37.36111

168.64

1.757525

46.49537

168.64

1.41 X 10-4

1.41 X 10-4

Beam No

Shearing force

kN

cm2

Shear Stress

MPa

Allowable shear

stress MPA

1.594

30.5

0.523

99

8.2035

30.5

2.69

99

9.905

30.5

3.248

99

12.325

30.5

4.041

99

Deflection of beams given by,

L= support span

B= seal span

Design limitation of deflection is, it should be lower than the value of 1/800.

Design Supporting

Beam

Load

Span

No

N

L mm

1

2

3

4

3188

16407

19810

24650

2700

2700

2700

2700

Seal

Span

B

mm

2400

2400

2400

2400

E

modulus

of

Elasticity

N/mm2

200,000.00

200,000.00

200,000.00

200,000.00

Moment of

Inertia

mm4

Deflection

mm

10,600,000.00

10,600,000.00

10,600,000.00

10,600,000.00

0.427

2.198

2.654

3.303

Deflection accepted

ratio

def.ratio

1/800

Difference

(1/800 )

0.0001582

0.0008142

0.0009831

0.0012233

0.00109179

0.000435777

0.000266898

2.6705E-05

0.00125

0.00125

0.00125

0.00125

For this steel made sliding gate selected skin plate thickness as the lowest

recommended value, 8mm. Then checked stresses acting on the skin plate.

L mm

(vertical

beam

pitch)

900

900

700

1.2857143

900

700

0.77777778

15.201

30.9

59.45

168.64

900

450

900

450

0.5

17.4

30.9

68.05

168.64

Bay

b/a

P kN/m

850

0.94444444

8.33

t skin

plate

thickness

mm

8

l mm

(Beam

space)

L/l

a mm

b

mm

850

1.0588235

900

stress

MPa

a allowable

stress

MPa

30.9

32.58

168.64

The gate hoist designs to overcome the resistance forces arising during the gate

movements. In general following forces are to be considered.

Gate weight

Buoyancy of submerged part

Friction forces on supports

Friction forces on seals

Down-pull/uplift forces

Gate Weight

weight of structure

7251 N

(wheels,pins,seals etc.)

0N

paint

7.61 kN

10

Wr = Buoyancy force

Wg = Weight of Gate

Wg

Wr

Weight of

the gate

Buoyancy

force

7.61 kN

0.96 kN

(maximum)

= 25.628 kN

During Lifting (kN)

During Lowering(kN)

Gate weight

7.61 (+)

7.61 (-)

Buoyancy force

0 (min.)

0.96(max.)(+)

25.628 (+)

0-25.628(+)

1.85 (+)

1.85 (-)

52.63 (+)

17.128 (+)

Weight of the Spindle

Friction force (hinges, rollers, etc)

Total Force

11

Then we have to select self- locked gear box for the gate operation. Otherwise gate will

be closed due to its self weight automatically.

Then total lifting force with the factor of safety 1.5,

= 52.63 kN

No. of Spindles = 02

Load capacity of the gear box = 2800 kg/ per gear box

Motor Speed = 600 rpm

Output shaft speed = 28 rpm

Power of the Motor = 1.5 kW

12

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