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Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

1 Contents
1.

Introduction and Background ......................................................................................................... 2


1.1

Reference Standards and Documents .................................................................................... 2

1.2

Design Summary ..................................................................................................................... 2

Design Calculations ......................................................................................................................... 3


2.1

Design Parameters .................................................................................................................. 3

2.2

Hydraulic force calculation ..................................................................................................... 3

2.3

No.of beams and spaces between beams .............................................................................. 4

2.4

Forces on beams and stress calculations................................................................................ 5

2.5

Beam Deflection...................................................................................................................... 8

2.6

Skin Plate................................................................................................................................. 9

Gate Lifting Forces Calculation .....................................................................................................10


3.1

Gate weight...........................................................................................................................10

3.2

Buoyancy of submerged parts ..............................................................................................10

3.3

Friction forces on sliding surfaces.........................................................................................11

3.4

Combined operating load .....................................................................................................11

3.5

Selected Lifting Apparatus technical details ........................................................................12

3.6

Arrangement of the Gate......................................................................................................12

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

1. Introduction and Background

The purpose of this document is to present calculations and conclusions of design phase of Level
Crossing Inlet at Wavulewa to Upper Mediyawa Route. This inlet gate set can be considered as
Low Head Vertical Slide Gates.

1.1 Reference Standards and Documents

IS 9349 (2006): Recommendations for structural design of medium and high head slide
gates.
IS 6938 (2005): Design of rope drum and chain hoists for hydraulic gates.
Design of Hydraulic Gates- Erbisti P.C.F
IS 5620 (1985): Recommendations for Structural Design Criteria for Low Head Slide Gates.
Engineer Manual EM 1110-2-2701- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 203141000

1.2 Design Summary

Structure Name
Location
Type of Structure
No.of Structures
Operating Mechanism
Sealing method

Level Crossing Inlet


Wavulewa to Upper Mediyawa Route
Low head vertical slide gate
02
Electrical motor and manual
Metallic strip

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

2 Design Calculations
2.1 Design Parameters

Canal full supply level


Design head
Clear span
Seal span
Clear height
Materials

1.45m
2.2m
2.4m
2.7m
2.2m
ASTM A36

2.2 Hydraulic force calculation

Specific weight of water

span of side seals

Maximum headwater on sill

Total force

9.807
2.7
2.2
64.07

kN/m3
m
m
kN

Total Hydraulic force on the gate = 64.07 kN

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

2.3 No.of beams and spaces between beams

According to above methodology beams are loaded equally to withstand the hydrostatic force
acting on the gate.
1

Max. Head
water sill m
2.2

No
beams
3

2.2

2.2

Area No

hk (depth) Yk(depth of
m
1.27

beams) m
0.85

1.80

1.55

2.20

2.00

Then the pressures acting on the beam centres, which are spaced according to above Yk,
P = . Yk,

P = Pressure kN/m2

= Specific weight of water 9.807 kN/m3


Yk = Depth of beams m

Depth
arrangements
of beams m
0.00

Pressure at relevant
points kN/m2
0.000

0.85

8.336

1.55

15.201

2.00

19.614

2.20

21.575

Point

2.4

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

Forces on beams and stress calculations

Hydro static force acting on beams of the gate is given by,

In above equations,

Ra, Rb = Reaction forces kN


B = Seal span 2.7 m

bi = space between two beams, m


Pa, Pb = Pressure kN/m2

Index

Total Force

Beam1

3.188 kN

Beam2

16.407 kN

Beam3

19.81 kN

Beam4

24.65 kN

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

Then calculated forces will be applied to determine the maimum bending moment and
shear forces acting on beams.

Maimum bending moment and shear force given by,

M = Maimum bending moment kNm


L = supporting span 2.4m

S = F/2

S = Shar Force kN

B = seal span 2.7m

F = Load on the beam kN

Max. Bending
Moment kNm

Shearing
force
kN

2.7

2.4

1.20

1.594

16.407

2.7

2.4

6.15

8.2035

19.81

2.7

2.4

7.43

9.905

24.65

2.7

2.4

9.24

12.325

Beam No

Design Load
kN

3.188

According to above values now need to select a steel profile as beams which is satisfy
the allowable bending stress and shear stress for such design.
Allowable bending stress = 0.68 x (minimum yield stress)

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

Allowable shear stress = 0.39 x (minimum yield stress)

Bending stress = (Bending moment)/(section modulus)


Shear Stress = (Shear force)/ (Sectional Area)

Below mentioned tapered flange C-Channel 150x75x9mm section properties satisfied


the design requirements.

Beam No

Max. Bending
Moment kNm

Section Modulus
m3

Bending Stress
MPa

Allowable bending
stress MPa

0.2275

6.018519

168.64

1.17075

1.41 X 10-4
1.41 X 10-4

30.97222

168.64

1.41225

37.36111

168.64

1.757525

46.49537

168.64

1.41 X 10-4
1.41 X 10-4

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014


Beam No

Shearing force
kN

Area of the Section


cm2

Shear Stress
MPa

Allowable shear
stress MPA

1.594

30.5

0.523

99

8.2035

30.5

2.69

99

9.905

30.5

3.248

99

12.325

30.5

4.041

99

2.5 Beam Deflection


Deflection of beams given by,

P = Force acting on the beam


L= support span
B= seal span

E = modulus of elasticity 200 GPa

I = moment of inertia of the section

Design limitation of deflection is, it should be lower than the value of 1/800.
Design Supporting
Beam
Load
Span
No
N
L mm
1
2
3
4

3188
16407
19810
24650

2700
2700
2700
2700

Seal
Span
B
mm
2400
2400
2400
2400

E
modulus
of
Elasticity
N/mm2
200,000.00
200,000.00
200,000.00
200,000.00

Moment of
Inertia
mm4

Deflection
mm

10,600,000.00
10,600,000.00
10,600,000.00
10,600,000.00

0.427
2.198
2.654
3.303

Deflection accepted
ratio
def.ratio

1/800

Difference
(1/800 )

0.0001582
0.0008142
0.0009831
0.0012233

0.00109179
0.000435777
0.000266898
2.6705E-05

0.00125
0.00125
0.00125
0.00125

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

2.6 Skin Plate


For this steel made sliding gate selected skin plate thickness as the lowest
recommended value, 8mm. Then checked stresses acting on the skin plate.

Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014

L mm
(vertical
beam
pitch)
900

900

700

1.2857143

900

700

0.77777778

15.201

30.9

59.45

168.64

900

450

900

450

0.5

17.4

30.9

68.05

168.64

Bay

b/a

P kN/m

850

0.94444444

8.33

t skin
plate
thickness
mm
8

l mm
(Beam
space)

L/l

a mm

b
mm

850

1.0588235

900

stress
MPa

a allowable
stress
MPa

30.9

32.58

168.64

Gate Lifting Forces Calculation

The gate hoist designs to overcome the resistance forces arising during the gate
movements. In general following forces are to be considered.

Gate weight
Buoyancy of submerged part
Friction forces on supports
Friction forces on seals
Down-pull/uplift forces

3.1 Gate weight

Gate Weight

weight of structure

7251 N

weight of mechanical parts


(wheels,pins,seals etc.)

0N

Total weight with debris &


paint

7.61 kN

3.2 Buoyancy of submerged parts

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Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014


Wr = Buoyancy force
Wg = Weight of Gate

7.85 = Specific gravity of steel


Wg
Wr

Weight of
the gate
Buoyancy
force

7.61 kN
0.96 kN
(maximum)

** Minimum buoyancy force = 0 kN

3.3 Friction forces on sliding surfaces

Friction coefficient (steel to steel) = 0.4

Reaction force N = (Total Hydraulic Force on the Gate) X (Friction Coefficient)


= 25.628 kN

3.4 Combined operating load


During Lifting (kN)

During Lowering(kN)

Gate weight

7.61 (+)

7.61 (-)

Buoyancy force

0 (min.)

0.96(max.)(+)

25.628 (+)

0-25.628(+)

1.85 (+)

1.85 (-)

52.63 (+)

17.128 (+)

Friction force (due to sealing)


Weight of the Spindle
Friction force (hinges, rollers, etc)
Total Force

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Design Note on Level Crossing Inlet 2014


Then we have to select self- locked gear box for the gate operation. Otherwise gate will
be closed due to its self weight automatically.
Then total lifting force with the factor of safety 1.5,
= 52.63 kN

3.5 Selected Lifting Apparatus technical details

Screw Dia = 2 inch


No. of Spindles = 02
Load capacity of the gear box = 2800 kg/ per gear box
Motor Speed = 600 rpm
Output shaft speed = 28 rpm
Power of the Motor = 1.5 kW

3.6 Arrangement of the Gate

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