Implicit Functions
1) If x + y + z = u,y + z = uv,z=uvw
(,,)
= 
(,,)
 = 1
( , , )
Also (,,) = 
 = 
(,,)
(,,)
( , , ) ( , , )
(,,)
(,,)
Hence proved.
] =
Solved Problems
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
2) If u =
,v =
,w =
Solved Problems
where = + +
P.T.
(,,)
(,,)
= ()
( , , ) ( , , )
= (1)3 [
(,,)
(,,)
] (i)
( , , )
=


(,,)
+
( , , )
= 8xyz 
(,,)
By R1 + R2 + R3

+
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
Solved Problems
= 8xyz
+ + +

+ + + + + +

+
= 8xyz( + + + )  +

+
By C2C1 & C3C2
= 8xyz( + + + ) 
= 8xyz( + + + )
(ii)
( )
( , , )
Also (,,) = 

( )
( )
= 8uvw(1r2)3 (iii)
Putting (ii) & (iii) in (i),
( , , )
(,,)
3 (+ + + )
= (1) .
( )
(+ + + )
( )
= ( )( )( ).
But = = =
And + + =
+ +
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
+ + +=
(,,)
(,,)
Solved Problems
+ =
= ( ) . . ( ) = ( )
(,,)
(,,)
uvw = ( + + )
Let f1 = u + v + w  x  y z = 0
f2 = uv + vw + wu  = 0
f3 = uvw  ( + + ) = 0
(,,)
(,,)
( , , ) ( , , )
= (1)3 [
( , , )
(,,)
(,,)
= 
(,,)

4
] (i)
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
= 2
= 2
( , , )
(,,)
= 2(yx)(zy) 

+
= 2(yx)(zy)[(z+y)(y+x)]
= 2(xy)(yz)(zx)
( , , )
(,,)
=  + +
(ii)
+ 
=  +

( ) ( )
= (uv)(vw) + 
= (uv)(vw)(uw)
(iii)
= (uv)(vw)(wu)
Substituting the values from (ii)&(iii) in (i),
5
Solved Problems
Jacobians
(,,)
(,,)
Implicit Functions
()()()
()()()
4) If u = xyz , v = + + , w = x+y+z
(,,)
Find (,,)
ux = yz
uy = xz
uz = xy
vx = 2x
vy = 2y
vz = 2z
wx = 1
wy = 1
wz = 1
(,,)
(,,)
(,,)
(,,)
=  
= ( )( )( + )
(,,)
=
(,,)
()()(+)
5) If u1 = f1(x1)
u2 = f2(x1 , x2)
u3 = f3(x1 , x2 , x3)
( , , )
P.T. ( , , ) =
. .
Solved Problems
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
(,,)
Hence or find
(,,)
Where x = cosu
y = cosv sinu
z = cosw sinv sinu
( , , )
( , , )
( , , )
( , , )


. .
Hence proved
(,,)
=
. .
(,,)
= (sinu) (sinv . sinu) (sinw sinu .sinv)
= .
If x =
y = z =
u = .
v = .
w =
7
Solved Problems
Jacobians
(,,)
=
( )
Implicit Functions
Solved Problems
(,,) (,,)
(,,) (,,)
(,,)
(,,)
=  
( )
=  
= cos ( . . + . . ) +
( + )
( )
= cos . +
= ( + )
=
(,,)
( )
If u = xy + yz + xz
v = + +
w=x+y+z
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
Solved Problems
( )
}
(,)
( )
{ }
(,)
() {
If + + =
uv +xy = 0
( )
P.t. ( ) = +
(,,,)= + + = 0
(,,,)= + =
( )
( )
= 
= 
= 2( )
( )
( )
= 
( )
( )
 = ( + )
( )
( + )
( )
= ( +)
Jacobians
Implicit Functions
7) If + = +
+ = +
( )
P.T. ( ) =
()
(,,,)= + = 0
(,,,)= + = 0
( )
( ,)
= 
( )
( ,)
( , )
( ,)
 = ( )
= 
 =
= ( )
( )
()
()
10
Solved Problems