You are on page 1of 76

INSTRUCTION MANUAL

FOR

GROUND DIRECTIONAL
OVERCURRENT RELAY
BE1-67N

Publication: 9190700990
Revision: G
02/13

INTRODUCTION
This instruction manual provides information about the operation and installation of the BE1-67N Ground
Directional Overcurrent Relay. To accomplish this, the following information is provided:
General Information and Specifications
Controls and Indicators
Functional Description
Installation
Testing

WARNING!
To avoid personal injury or equipment damage, only qualified personnel should
perform the procedures in this manual.

NOTE
Be sure that the relay is hard-wired to earth ground with no smaller than 12 AWG
copper wire attached to the ground terminal on the rear of the unit case. When
the relay is configured in a system with other devices, it is recommended to use a
separate lead to the ground bus from each unit.

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Introduction

First Printing: May 1992


Printed in USA
2013 Basler Electric, Highland Illinois 62249 USA
All Rights Reserved
February 2013

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
of Basler Electric, Highland Illinois, USA. It is loaned for confidential use, subject
to return on request, and with the mutual understanding that it will not be used in
any manner detrimental to the interest of Basler Electric.

It is not the intention of this manual to cover all details and variations in equipment, nor does this manual
provide data for every possible contingency regarding installation or operation. The availability and design
of all features and options are subject to modification without notice. Should further information be
required, contact Basler Electric.

BASLER ELECTRIC
12570 STATE ROUTE 143
HIGHLAND IL 62249 USA
http://www.basler.com, info@basler.com
PHONE +1 618.654.2341
FAX +1 618.654.2351
ii

BE1-67N Introduction

9190700990 Rev G

REVISION HISTORY
The following information provides a historical summary of the changes made to the BE1-67N instruction
manual (9190700990). Revisions are listed in reverse chronological order.
Manual
Revision and Date

Change

G, 02/13

Updated case and cover drawings in Section 4.

F, 08/07

Moved content of Section 6, Maintenance to Section 4.


Updated power supply burden data in Section 1.
Updated Target Indicator description in Section 3.

E, 01/07

Enhanced the readability of various figures throughout the manual.

D, 10/06

Updated description of Polarizing Source Select Switch (S3) in Table


2-2 of Section 2, Controls and Indicators.
Updated Output Contacts ratings in Section 1, General Information.

C, 10/05

Deleted references to service manual 9190700620.


Removed reference to jumper-selectable Y power supply from style
chart. Updated power supply ratings in Section 1.
Corrected instantaneous overcurrent maximum operating times listed
in the specifications and Table 3-5.
Corrected the polarizing voltage input burden listed in the
specifications.
Removed the shorting bar shown across terminals 5 and 6 in Figures
4-1 and 4-7.
Corrected the current values listed in Table 3-2, Sensing Input
Ranges and Settings for 1 Aac Secondary.
Updated all illustrations showing relay front panel or case cover.
Created new Section 5 containing operational test procedures.
Created new Appendix A containing characteristic curves previously
contained in Section 1.
Created new Appendix B, Polar Graph Forms.
Updated style/format of the manual.

B, 06/93

Changed all sections of the manual to reflect revised specifications.


Expanded switch and control terminology in Section 2.
Revised Figure 3-1.
In Section 4, included Io polarization testing and a separate
operational test procedure for sensing input ranges 3 and 4.

A, 10/92

Revised Figures 3-1 through 3-3 and added Figure 3-4.


Added Section 6, Manual Change Information.

, 05/92

Initial release

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Introduction

iii

This page intentionally left blank.

iv

BE1-67N Introduction

9190700990 Rev G

CONTENTS
SECTION 1 GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................ 1-1
SECTION 2 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ........................................................................................ 2-1
SECTION 3 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................... 3-1
SECTION 4 INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................. 4-1
SECTION 5 TESTING ............................................................................................................................ 5-1
APPENDIX A CHARACTERISTIC CURVES ......................................................................................... A-1
APPENDIX B POLAR GRAPH FORMS ................................................................................................. B-1

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Introduction

This page intentionally left blank.

vi

BE1-67N Introduction

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 1 GENERAL INFORMATION


TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................ 1-1
PURPOSE.............................................................................................................................................. 1-1
APPLICATION ....................................................................................................................................... 1-1
Zero Sequence Current ...................................................................................................................... 1-1
Zero Sequence Voltage...................................................................................................................... 1-2
Dual Zero Sequence Current and Voltage ......................................................................................... 1-2
OUTPUT CONTACTS ........................................................................................................................... 1-2
Relay Status Alarm ............................................................................................................................. 1-2
Tripping............................................................................................................................................... 1-2
Auxiliary .............................................................................................................................................. 1-3
PUSH-TO-ENERGIZE OUTPUTS ......................................................................................................... 1-3
TARGETS .............................................................................................................................................. 1-3
POWER SUPPLY OPTIONS ................................................................................................................. 1-3
POWER-UP DELAY .............................................................................................................................. 1-3
MODEL AND STYLE NUMBER............................................................................................................. 1-3
Style Number Example ....................................................................................................................... 1-3
SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................................. 1-4
Current Sensing (IO) Inputs ................................................................................................................. 1-4
Frequency........................................................................................................................................... 1-4
Polarizing Current (I0) ......................................................................................................................... 1-5
Polarizing Voltage (V0) ........................................................................................................................ 1-5
Directional Unit ................................................................................................................................... 1-5
Time Overcurrent ............................................................................................................................... 1-5
Instantaneous Overcurrent ................................................................................................................. 1-6
Power Supply ..................................................................................................................................... 1-6
Output Contacts ................................................................................................................................. 1-6
Target Indicator .................................................................................................................................. 1-7
Type Tests .......................................................................................................................................... 1-7
Agency Recognition ........................................................................................................................... 1-7
Physical .............................................................................................................................................. 1-7
Figures
Figure 1-1. Zero Sequence Polarizing (Two-Winding Transformer) ......................................................... 1-1
Figure 1-2. Zero Sequence Polarizing (Three-Winding Transformer) ....................................................... 1-2
Figure 1-3. Style Number Identification Chart ........................................................................................... 1-4
Tables
Table 1-1. Maximum Operate Times ......................................................................................................... 1-6
Table 1-2. Power Supply Types and Ratings ............................................................................................ 1-6

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N General Information

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N General Information

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 1 GENERAL INFORMATION


PURPOSE
BE1-67N Ground Directional Overcurrent Relays provide ground fault protection for transmission and
distribution lines by sensing the flow of ground (zero sequence) current into or out of protected zones.
Zero sequence quantities provide a secure reference for the directional element because these quantities
are defined by the total source impedance of the power system.

APPLICATION
BE1-67N Ground Directional Overcurrent Relays are recommended for multi-grounded systems to
provide coordination necessary to selectively trip the faulted line. A directional overcurrent relay operates
by comparing the measured current to a reference quantity to determine whether current is flowing into or
out of the protected zone. Reference quantity is also referred to as polarizing quantity.
BE1-67N relays use one of the following quantities for polarization:

Zero sequence current


Zero sequence voltage
Dual zero sequence current and voltage

The polarizing quantity is field selectable using a switch mounted on the analog circuit board. When the
selected polarizing quantities are less than the minimum threshold, relay operation will be inhibited. When
using dual polarization, the relay will operate if either polarizing quantity is above minimum threshold.
Zero Sequence Current
Zero sequence current polarization is preferred for applications with low ground source impedance.
Figure 1-1 illustrates relay connections that obtain zero sequence current (3I0) from a separate current
transformer in the grounded neutral of a two winding wye-delta power transformer. Figure 1-2 illustrates
relay connections that obtain zero sequence current from a current transformer(s) in the grounded
neutral(s) of a three winding transformer. The magnitude of the zero sequence current used for polarizing
may be different from that of the ground current seen by the measuring element(s) of the relay.

Figure 1-1. Zero Sequence Polarizing (Two-Winding Transformer)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N General Information

1-1

Figure 1-2. Zero Sequence Polarizing (Three-Winding Transformer)


Zero Sequence Voltage
Zero sequence voltage polarization is preferred for higher ground source impedances. Refer to Figures 11 and 1-2 for relay connections that obtain zero sequence voltage (3V0) from a set of grounded wyebroken delta voltage transformers. The voltage polarized relay has a directional polarization adjustment to
match the impedance angle of the protected line to the characteristic angle of the relay. This is the angle
about which the directional angle is centered. A choice of line angles allows the relay to be adjusted to
include the resistance component of the ground fault.
Dual Zero Sequence Current and Voltage
Dual polarization is preferred where ground source impedance varies, or to provide redundant
polarization. Dual polarization is achieved using a polarizing signal that is the phasor sum of the current
and voltage polarizing signals.

OUTPUT CONTACTS
BE1-67N relays have the following output contacts: relay status alarm (relay fail), tripping, and auxiliary
(optional).
Relay Status Alarm
A relay status alarm output contact (relay fail) indicates that proper voltages are not being supplied to the
internal relay circuitry or that the microprocessor self-diagnostics has detected an error. This alarm output
contact is normally closed.
Tripping
Normally open or normally closed tripping contacts are included for each function within the relay.
Configuration of these contacts is defined by the relay style number. These output contacts are used with
optionally selected target indicator circuits.

1-2

BE1-67N General Information

9190700990 Rev G

Auxiliary
Normally open, normally closed, or single pole double throw (SPDT) auxiliary contact configurations are
provided to act in parallel with the tripping function(s) of the relay. Configuration of the auxiliary output
contacts are also defined by the relay style chart.
An auxiliary contact can be configured (via internal switches) to operate in parallel with any combination
of tripping outputs. Configurable auxiliary outputs permit use of the BE1-67N relay in various carrier
schemes.

PUSH-TO-ENERGIZE OUTPUTS
A push-to-energize pushbutton is included for each tripping output contact. These pushbuttons can be
used to verify correct operation of external control circuit wiring without the need to supply test signals to
the relay. Control power must be applied for this function to operate. The pushbuttons are recessed
behind the relay front panel and are not accessible with the cover installed.

TARGETS
One target is included for each tripping function as specified by style number. Targets are operated either
by the internal signal initiating tripping (internally operated) or by a minimum of 200 mAdc flowing through
the series circuit consisting of the target coil and output relay contacts (current operated). Within a
specific relay, all targets must be operated in the same way.

POWER SUPPLY OPTIONS


Various power supply options are available to allow the BE1-67N relay to be used with standard supply
voltages. See the style chart for details.

POWER-UP DELAY
A power-up delay timer is initiated upon application of control power to the relay to prevent undesired
contact transitions when sensing signals are present. Operation of measuring circuits and output circuits
are inhibited (less than 0.5 seconds) until the power-up delay period has expired.

MODEL AND STYLE NUMBER


Electrical characteristics and operational features included in a specific relay are defined by a
combination of letters and numbers that makes up the style number. Figure 1-3 illustrates the BE1-67N
style number identification chart. The style number together with the model number describe the features
and options in a particular device and appear on the front panel, draw-out cradle, and inside the case
assembly.
Style Number Example
Operating features and characteristics of BE1-67N relays are identified by the style number. For example,
a BE1-67N relay with style number A1E-Z2J-B4C0F has the following features and options.
A
1
E
Z2
J
B
4
C
0
F

zero sequence current, voltage, or dual polarized


60 Hz sensing with a range of 0.25 to 6.0 Aac
normally open output contacts
switch-selectable timing characteristics
relay operating power derived from 125 Vdc or 120 Vac
current operated targets
two instantaneous elements: directional and non-directional
push-to-energize outputs (pushbuttons)
no auxiliary output contacts
semi-flush case mounting

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N General Information

1-3

Figure 1-3. Style Number Identification Chart

SPECIFICATIONS
BE1-67N relays have the following features and capabilities.
Current Sensing (IO) Inputs
Pickup Adjustment Range
Range 1 and 2:
Range 3 and 4:

0.25 to 6.0 Aac


0.05 to 1.2 Aac

Current Rating
Sensing Input Range 1 and 2
Continuous Rating:
5 Minute Rating:
1 Second Rating:

7.5 Aac
20 Aac
150 Aac

Sensing Input Range 3 and 4


Continuous Rating:
5 Minute Rating:
1 Second Rating:

1.5 Aac
4 Aac
30 Aac

Burden
Maximum:

<0.1

Frequency
Nominal
50 Hz or 60 Hz
1-4

BE1-67N General Information

9190700990 Rev G

Range
50 Hz Nominal:
60 Hz Nominal:

45 to 55 Hz
55 to 65 Hz

Polarizing Current (I0)


Current Rating
Continuous:
1 Second:

10 Aac
150 Aac

Minimum Sensing Level


Directional Instantaneous:
Time Overcurrent:

Front-panel adjustable from 0.75 to 2.0 Aac


Fixed at 0.2 Aac

Burden
Maximum:

<0.1

Polarizing Voltage (V0)


Maximum Rating (Line-to-Neutral)
Continuous:
1 Second:

240 Vac
360 Vac

Minimum Sensing Level


Directional Instantaneous:
Time Overcurrent:

4.0 Vac
0.75 Vac

Burden
At 120 Vac:

<1 VA

Operating Region
Operating region is 75 (150 window) centered about the characteristic angle.
Harmonic Sensitivity
Polarizing voltage is not affected by third or higher harmonics.
Characteristic Angle
Characteristic angle is switch-selectable to 0 or 60. Characteristic angle accuracy is 5 for V0 inputs
below 30 Vac and 10 for V0 inputs greater than 30 Vac.
Directional Closing Band
Directional closing band is 75 centered about the characteristic angle.
Directional Unit
Response Time:

Within 15 ms to change in direction and magnitude

Repeatability:

Set angles are repeatable within 3% or 1, whichever is greater

Time Overcurrent
Pickup Range
Sensing Input Range 1 and 2:
Sensing Input Range 3 and 4:

0.25 to 6 Aac
0.05 to 1.2 Aac

Pickup Accuracy
Within 5% of the expected value established by tap selector switch with the intertap adjustment at its
maximum clockwise setting.
Repeatability
Repeatability of pickup setting (combination of tap selector switch and intertap adjustment) is 2%.
Response Time Accuracy
Within 5% of the time value indicated on the characteristic time curve or 25 ms, whichever is greater.
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N General Information

1-5

Operate Time Repeatability


Operate time is repeatable within 2% or 25 ms, whichever is greater.
Instantaneous Overcurrent
Pickup Range for Directional and Non-Directional Instantaneous Elements
Sensing Input Range 1 and 2:
2 to 100 Aac
Sensing Input Range 3 and 4:
0.4 to 20 Aac
Maximum Operate Time
Table 1-1. Maximum Operate Times
Multiple of Pickup Operate Time
1.05 Aac
100 ms
2.0 Aac
35 ms
5.0 Aac
20 ms

Maximum operating times are derived while


stepping from a steady state (normal conditions)
to an overcurrent condition. When stepping from
an inhibit state, the maximum times are longer.
Table 1-1 lists the instantaneous operate times
for multiples of pickup.
Pickup Accuracy:

Within 5% of the defined pickup setting

Repeatability:

5%

Response Time:

Within 25 ms to a current reversal after fault inception

Power Supply
Relay operating power may be obtained from a wide variety of external sources. When ordering, any one
of five internal power supply types may be selected to match the operating power voltage level available
at your site. Available power supply types are listed in Table 1-2.
Table 1-2. Power Supply Types and Ratings
Type

Input Voltage

Burden at Nominal

Nominal

Range

J (mid range)

125 Vdc
120 Vac

24 to 150 Vdc
90 to 132 Vac

2.9 W
12.8 VA

K (mid range)

48 Vdc

24 to 150 Vdc

2.7 W

L (low range)

24 Vdc

12 to 32 Vdc

2.8 W

Y (mid range)

48 Vdc
125 Vdc

24 to 150 Vdc
24 to 150 Vdc

2.7 W
2.9 W

Z (high range)

250 Vdc
240 Vac

68 to 280 Vdc
90 to 270 Vac

3.1 W
22.0 VA

Type L power supply may require 14 Vdc to begin operation. Once operating, the voltage may be
reduced to 12 Vdc.
Output Contacts
Resistive Ratings
120 Vac:
250 Vdc:
500 Vdc:

Make, break, and carry 7 Aac continuously


Make and carry 30 Adc for 0.2 s, carry 7 Adc continuously, and
break 0.3 Adc
Make and carry 15 Adc for 0.2 s, carry 7 Adc continuously, and
break 0.3 Adc

Inductive Ratings
120 Vac, 125 Vdc, 250 Vdc:

Break 0.3 A (L/R = 0.04)

1-6

BE1-67N General Information

9190700990 Rev G

Target Indicator
A choice of either internally operated targets or current operated targets is available as specified by style
number. Internally operated targets use the internal trip signal to energize the output relay and target
drivers. Current operated targets are energized by a minimum of 0.2 A flowing through the output
contacts.
Type Tests
Dielectric Strength
Withstands 1,500 Vac at 60 Hz for 1 minute in accordance with IEC 255-5 and ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1-1989
Surge Withstand Capability
Qualified to C37.90.1-1989 and IEC 255-5
Radio Frequency Interference
Field-tested using a 5 W, handheld transceiver operating at random frequencies centered around 144
MHz and 440 MHz, with the antenna located 6 inches (150 mm) from the relay in both horizontal and
vertical planes.
Shock
Withstands 15 G in each of three mutually perpendicular planes without structural damage or degradation
of performance.
Vibration
Withstands 2 G in each of three mutually perpendicular planes, swept over the range of 10 to 500 Hz for a
total of 6 sweeps, 15 minutes each sweep, without structural damage or degradation of performance.
Agency Recognition
UL
UL recognized per standard 508, UL file number E97033.
GOST-R
GOST-R certified the relevant standards of Gosstandart of Russia.
Physical
Temperature
Operating:
Storage:

40 to 70C (40 to 158F)


65 to 90C (85 to 194F)

Dimensions
See Section 4, Installation.
Weight
Maximum:

18 lb (8.2 kg)

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N General Information

1-7

This page intentionally left blank.

1-8

BE1-67N General Information

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 2 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS


TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 2 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ........................................................................................ 2-1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................... 2-1
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ................................................................................. 2-1
ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS ...................................................................... 2-3
MOTHER CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS ............................................................................................. 2-4
Figures
Figure 2-1. Front Panel Controls and Indicators ....................................................................................... 2-1
Figure 2-2. Analog and Digital Circuit Board Controls............................................................................... 2-3
Figure 2-3. Auxiliary Relay Select Switch Location ................................................................................... 2-4
Tables
Table 2-1. Front Panel Controls and Indicators ......................................................................................... 2-2
Table 2-2. Analog and Digital Circuit Board Controls ................................................................................ 2-3
Table 2-3. Auxiliary Relay Select Switch Selections ................................................................................. 2-4

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 2 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS


INTRODUCTION
BE1-67N controls and indicators are located on the front panel and Analog, Digital, and Mother circuit
board assemblies.

FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND INDICATORS


Front panel HMI components are illustrated in Figure 2-1 and described in Table 2-1. The locators and
descriptions of Table 2-1 correspond to the locators shown in Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1. Front Panel Controls and Indicators

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

2-1

Table 2-1. Front Panel Controls and Indicators


Locator

Description

Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Control. Screwdriver adjustment of the directional,


instantaneous overcurrent element is made with this multi-turn potentiometer.

Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Control. Screwdriver adjustment of the nondirectional, instantaneous overcurrent element is made with this multi-turn potentiometer

Minimum Zero-Sequence Overcurrent Control. Screwdriver adjustment of the zerosequence current (IO) level applied to the directional, instantaneous overcurrent element is
made with this multi-turn potentiometer.

Characteristic Angle Switch. This two-position switch sets the characteristic angle (0 or
60) for the zero-sequence voltage polarizing unit. With the switch in the 60 position,
characteristic angle accuracy is 5 for VO inputs below 30 volts and 10 for VO inputs
greater than 30 volts.

Power Indicator. This red LED lights when operating power is applied to relay terminals 3
and 4.

Target Indicators. These electronically latching red indicators display the protective element
that caused a trip.

Target Reset Switch. Operating this switch resets all of the latched target indicators.

Push-to-Energize Output Switches. These switches enable testing of the relay output
contacts without having to apply current or voltage to the relay sensing inputs. One switch
is provided for each output contact. The recessed switches are operated by inserting a
nonconductive rod through the front panel switch holes.

Timing Indicator. This red LED lights when the time overcurrent setpoint is exceeded and
the directional condition is met.

Time Dial. These two thumbwheel switches set the time delay for the time-current
characteristic shape.

Tap Selector. This ten-position rotary switch sets the pickup level for the time overcurrent
function. The setting for the time overcurrent function is the value defined by the tap
selector switch position. The pickup level for each tap selector switch position is listed in a
tap range chart on the front panel.

Tap Calibration Control. Screwdriver adjustment of the time overcurrent pickup level is
made with this multi-turn potentiometer.

Tap Range Plate. This plate is user-adjustable to indicate the setting range (either high or
low) that corresponds to the external current sensing connections at terminals 7 and 8
(high) or 7 and 9 (low).
The front panel tap range chart lists the values of current that correspond to the high- or
low-range current sensing connections and the Tap Selector switch position.

2-2

Directional Timing Inhibit Indicator. This amber LED lights when operation of the directional
time overcurrent element is inhibited by the directional unit.

Directional Instantaneous Inhibit Indicator. This amber LED lights when operation of the
directional instantaneous overcurrent element is inhibited by the directional unit.

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

9190700990 Rev G

ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS


Front panel HMI components are illustrated in Figure 2-2 and described in Table 2-2. The locators and
descriptions of Table 2-2 correspond to the locators shown in Figure 2-2.

Figure 2-2. Analog and Digital Circuit Board Controls


Table 2-2. Analog and Digital Circuit Board Controls
Locator

Description

Polarizing Source Select Switch (S3). This assembly located on the Analog circuit board,
consists of two switches. The left-hand switch enables zero-sequence voltage polarization
and the right-hand switch enables zero-sequence current polarization. The up position of
the switch (as shown) selects the function.

Normal/Test Switch (S1). This switch is used only during factory calibration and should
remain in the Normal position.

Time Overcurrent Characteristic Curve Selector Switch (S6). This switch selects the
characteristic curve to be used for the application. See Appendix A, Characteristic Curves
for the curves available.

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

2-3

MOTHER CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS


Mother circuit board controls consist of a single Auxiliary Relay Select Switch (S1). The location of S1 is
illustrated in Figure 2-3.

Figure 2-3. Auxiliary Relay Select Switch Location


S1 enables the auxiliary output contact (if equipped) to operate in parallel with any combination of tripping
outputs. Table 2-3 lists each tripping output and the S1 position that causes the auxiliary output contact to
operate in parallel with it.
Table 2-3. Auxiliary Relay Select Switch Selections
S1 Position

2-4

Tripping Output

S1-A

Directional Instantaneous

S1-B

Time Overcurrent

S1-C

Non-Directional Instantaneous

S1-D

Not Used

BE1-67N Controls and Indicators

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 3 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION


TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 3 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................... 3-1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................... 3-1
CURRENT SENSING ............................................................................................................................ 3-1
VOLTAGE SENSING ............................................................................................................................. 3-2
DIRECTIONAL ELEMENT ..................................................................................................................... 3-2
Zero Sequence Current Polarization .................................................................................................. 3-2
Zero Sequence Voltage Polarization .................................................................................................. 3-3
Dual Zero Sequence Current and Voltage Polarization ..................................................................... 3-4
OVERCURRENT ELEMENTS ............................................................................................................... 3-4
Time Overcurrent Element ................................................................................................................. 3-4
Instantaneous Overcurrent Elements ................................................................................................. 3-5
Operate Time...................................................................................................................................... 3-5
OUTPUT CONTACTS ........................................................................................................................... 3-5
Relay Failure Output Contact ............................................................................................................. 3-5
Tripping Output Contacts ................................................................................................................... 3-5
Auxiliary Output Contacts ................................................................................................................... 3-5
PUSH-TO-ENERGIZE OUTPUT SWITCHES ....................................................................................... 3-6
POWER SUPPLY .................................................................................................................................. 3-6
TARGETS .............................................................................................................................................. 3-6
Internally Operated Targets................................................................................................................ 3-6
Current Operated Targets .................................................................................................................. 3-6
Figures
Figure 3-1. Function Block Diagram .......................................................................................................... 3-1
Figure 3-2. Zero Sequence Current Polarizing Phase Relationship ......................................................... 3-3
Figure 3-3. Zero Sequence Voltage Polarizing Phase Relationship (0 Characteristic Angle) ................. 3-3
Figure 3-4. Zero Sequence Voltage Polarizing Phase Relationship (60 Characteristic Angle) ............... 3-4
Tables
Table 3-1. Iop Current Sensing Input Connections ..................................................................................... 3-1
Table 3-2. Sensing Input Range and Setting for 1 Aac Secondary ........................................................... 3-2
Table 3-3. Sensing Input Range and Setting for 5 Aac Secondary ........................................................... 3-2
Table 3-4. Selection Considerations for Characteristic Curves ................................................................. 3-4
Table 3-5. Instantaneous Overcurrent Element Operating Times ............................................................. 3-5

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Functional Description

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N Functional Description

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 3 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION


INTRODUCTION
BE1-67N circuit functions are illustrated in the function block diagram of Figure 3-1 and described in the
following paragraphs.

Figure 3-1. Function Block Diagram

CURRENT SENSING
Internal current sensing transformers receive inputs from the 5 Aac (sensing input range 1 or 2) or 1 Aac
(sensing input range 3 or 4) nominal secondary of standard transformers. Input transformers for the
sensed measured current (Iop) are tapped so that the relay range is determined by its external
connections. External connections are listed in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1. Iop Current Sensing Input Connections
Range

9190700990 Rev G

Terminals

1 Aac
Nominal

High

0.225 to 1.20 Aac

7 and 8

Low

0.075 to 0.40 Aac

7 and 9

5 Aac
Nominal

High

1.125 to 6.0 Aac

7 and 8

Low

0.375 to 2.0 Aac

7 and 9

BE1-67N Functional Description

3-1

Outputs from the sensing input transformers are applied to a scaling circuit that converts each of the input
currents to a dc voltage level. Scaling is controlled by the Tap Selector switch and the Tap Calibration
control on the front panel.
The Tap Selector switch is a 10-position rotary switch that controls the relay settings listed in Tables 3-2
and 3-3. The values of current listed are obtained with the Tap Calibration control adjusted fully clockwise.
Range is determined by the relay current sensing input connections. When the Tap Calibration control is
in the fully clockwise position, the relay pickup setting will be within 5% of the Tap Selector switch
setting.
Table 3-2. Sensing Input Range and Setting for 1 Aac Secondary
Tap Selector Switch Position

Nominal
Range

Iop
Terminals

High

0.225

0.300

0.450

0.453

0.675

0.750

0.900

0.925

1.125

1.200

7 and 8

Low

0.075

0.100

0.150

0.175

0.225

0.250

0.300

0.325

0.375

0.400

7 and 9

Table 3-3. Sensing Input Range and Setting for 5 Aac Secondary
Tap Selector Switch Position

Nominal
Range

Iop
Terminals

High

1.125

1.500

2.250

2.625

3.375

3.750

4.500

4.875

5.625

6.000

7 and 8

Low

0.375

0.500

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.250

1.500

1.625

1.875

2.000

7 and 9

The Tap Calibration control provides continuous adjustment between a selected setting of the Tap
Selector switch and the next lower setting. When the Tap Calibration control is adjusted fully clockwise,
the relay pickup setting will be within 5% of the Tap Selector switch setting.

VOLTAGE SENSING
The relay receives a polarized voltage input (VO) from the secondary windings of standard potential
transformers or coupling capacitor potential devices. These components supply up to 240 volts (line to
neutral) for a 50/60 hertz nominal system frequency.

DIRECTIONAL ELEMENT
The directional element determines when the monitored power system quantities have the proper phase
relationship for tripping. The BE1-67N has three types of switch-selectable, directional capabilities: zero
sequence current polarization, zero sequence voltage polarization, and dual zero sequence current and
voltage polarization. Polarizing Source Select Switch S3, located on the Analog circuit board, is used to
select the desired directional capability.
Zero Sequence Current Polarization
The zero sequence current polarizing unit is capable of detecting the phase relationship between the zero
sequence current (I0) and the sensed, measured current (Iop) for the relay. This unit is insensitive to third
and higher harmonics.
An enabling output from the zero sequence current unit is given when the phase angle between I0 and Iop
is 75 or less as shown in Figure 3-2. The total trip region (shaded area in Figures 3-2, 3-3, and 3-4) is
150.
To allow operation of the time overcurrent element, the level of I0 applied to the directional element must
be in excess of 0.2 amperes.
To allow operation of the directional instantaneous overcurrent element, the level of I0 applied to the
directional element must be in excess of an internal, user adjustable threshold. The range of this setting is
0.75 to 2 amperes. The default, factory setting is 2 amperes.

3-2

BE1-67N Functional Description

9190700990 Rev G

Figure 3-2. Zero Sequence Current Polarizing Phase Relationship


Zero Sequence Voltage Polarization
Zero sequence voltage polarization determines the phase relationship between the zero sequence
voltage (V0) and the sensed, measured current (Iop). Third and higher harmonics have no effect on the
relay.
Zero sequence voltage element outputs require a minimum voltage level of V0 = 0.75 volts applied to the
relay. To enable the directional, instantaneous overcurrent element, the level of V0 applied to the relay
must be 4 volts or more.
Figure 3-3 shows the phase relationship between the sensed measured current (Iop) and the zero
sequence voltage (V0).

Figure 3-3. Zero Sequence Voltage Polarizing Phase Relationship (0 Characteristic Angle)
The characteristic angle is front-panel selectable for a line impedance angle of 0 or 60. This is the angle
between V0 and the directional characteristic. The closing band is centered on the directional
characteristic (V0 in Figure 3-3 and shifted 60 in Figure 3-4).

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Functional Description

3-3

Figure 3-4. Zero Sequence Voltage Polarizing Phase Relationship (60 Characteristic Angle)
Dual Zero Sequence Current and Voltage Polarization
Dual polarizing is a combination of zero sequence current polarizing (Figure 3-2) and/or zero sequence
voltage polarizing (Figure 3-3). When both quantities are available, the two polarizing quantities are
combined at the electronics logic level to produce a sum of the two quantities which is then compared to
the Iop quantity to establish the total trip region.
As system conditions change, one of the polarizing quantities (V0 or I0) may not be of sufficient magnitude
(I0 0.2 amperes or V0 0.75 volts) for use in the comparison to Iop. For instance, if a potential transformer
fuse is blown and V0 is not available, the comparison to Iop is done with I0 only. When dual polarization is
selected, either V0 or I0 or both as stated above, can be used in the comparison.
o

If dual polarizing is selected and the 60 setting is selected, only the V0 polarization is affected as shown
in Figure 3-4 and dual polarizing comparison still functions as described above. This simply means that
the directional characteristic is in the center of the total trip region when V0 leads the directional
o
characteristic by 60 .

OVERCURRENT ELEMENTS
The BE1-67N relay has a directional, controlled time overcurrent element and may optionally include nondirectional and/or directional instantaneous overcurrent elements as specified by the style number.
Time Overcurrent Element
The time overcurrent element has all of the standard time current characteristics listed in Table 3-4.
These 12 time overcurrent characteristics are available to aid in the coordination of the BE1-67N with
other protective devices in the system. Seven of the characteristics are standard in North America and
five are compatible with British or IEC standard requirements. Time Overcurrent Characteristic Curve
Selector Switch S6, located on the Digital circuit board, is used to select the time curve characteristic.
Table 3-4. Selection Considerations for Characteristic Curves
Style
Designation

Characteristic
Shape

Special Characteristics

B1

Short Inverse

Relatively short time, desirable where preserving system


stability is a critical factor.

B2, E2

Long Inverse

Provides protection for starting motors and overloads of short


duration.

3-4

BE1-67N Functional Description

9190700990 Rev G

Style
Designation

Characteristic
Shape

Special Characteristics

B3

Definite Time

Fixed time delay according to time dial setting. Useful for


sequential tripping schemes.

B4, E4

Moderately Inverse

Accommodates moderate load changes, as may occur on


parallel lines where one line may occasionally have to carry
both loads.

B5, E5

Inverse

B6, E6

Very Inverse

B7, E7

Extremely Inverse

Provide additional variations of the inverse characteristic,


allowing flexibility in meeting load variations, or in coordinating
with other relays.

Instantaneous Overcurrent Elements


BE1-67N relays may be optionally equipped with one or two instantaneous elements (one supervised by
the directional element). Instantaneous units are supplied from a separately obtained input signal to
permit a setting that is independent of the time overcurrent unit. Maximum operating times for the
instantaneous overcurrent element are listed in Table 3-5.
Table 3-5. Instantaneous Overcurrent Element Operating Times
Multiples
of Pickup

Operate Time

1.05 Aac

100 ms

2.0 Aac

35 ms

5.0 Aac

20 ms

OUTPUT CONTACTS
BE1-67N relays are equipped with a relay failure output contact and tripping output contacts. Auxiliary
output contacts are available as an option.
Relay Failure Output Contact
The relay failure output (terminals 19 and 20) is a normally-closed contact that is energized open during
normal operating conditions. The output contact closes when the relay power supply is not receiving
proper operating voltage and when the microprocessor self-diagnostics function has detected an error. A
case-mounted shorting bar places a short-circuit across terminals 19 and 20 when the relay draw-out
assembly is removed from the case.
Tripping Output Contacts
Normally open (output option E) or normally closed (output option F) tripping contacts are included for
each protective function. The configuration of these contacts is defined by the relay style number.
The directional time trip output contacts are provided at relay terminals 11 and 12.
If the relay is equipped with a non-directional instantaneous element (instantaneous option 1 or 4), nondirectional instantaneous trip output contacts are provided at relay terminals 14 and 15. If the relay is
equipped with a directional instantaneous element (instantaneous option 3 or 4), directional
instantaneous trip output contacts are provided at terminals 11 and 13. Note that the directional time trip
output contacts and directional instantaneous trip output contacts share terminal 11 as a common
terminal.
Auxiliary Output Contacts
Normally open (auxiliary contacts option 1), normally closed (auxiliary option 2), or single-pole, doublethrow (auxiliary option 5) auxiliary output contacts are available and act in tandem with the relay tripping
functions.
Auxiliary Relay Select Switch S1, located on the Mother circuit board, can be adjusted to make the
auxiliary output contacts operate in tandem with any combination of tripping outputs. The ability to
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Functional Description

3-5

configure the functionality of the auxiliary output contacts enables the BE1-67N to be used in various
carrier schemes. Information about setting S1 is provided in Section 2, Controls and Indicators.

PUSH-TO-ENERGIZE OUTPUT SWITCHES


A pushbutton (one for each tripping function) energizes the corresponding output relay for testing
purposes. To prevent accidental operation of these switches, they are recessed behind the front panel
and are accessed by inserting a thin, non-conducting rod through access holes in the panel. Control
power must be applied to energize the output relays but application of sensing voltage and current is not
necessary.

POWER SUPPLY
Operating power for the relay circuitry is supplied by a wide range, electrically isolated, low-burden power
supply. Power supply operating power is not polarity sensitive. The front panel power LED and power
supply status output indicate when the power supply is operating. Power supply specifications are listed in
Table 1-2.

TARGETS
Target indicators are optional components selected when a relay is ordered. The electronically latched
and reset targets consist of red LED indicators located on the relay front panel. A latched target is reset
by operating the target reset switch on the front panel. If relay operating power is lost, any illuminated
(latched) targets are extinguished. When relay operating power is restored, the previously latched targets
are restored to their latched state.
A relay can be equipped with either internally operated targets or current operated targets.
Internally Operated Targets
Outputs from the overcurrent elements are directly applied to drive the appropriate target indicator. Each
indicator is illuminated regardless of the current level in the trip circuit.
Current Operated Targets
A current operated target is triggered by closure of the corresponding output contact and the presence of
at least 200 milliamperes of current flowing in the trip circuit.
Note that the front panel function targets (TIMED, INST 1, etc.) may be either internally or current
operated.
NOTE
Prior to August 2007, BE1-67N target indicators consisted of magnetically
latched, disc indicators. These mechanically latched target indicators have been
replaced by the electronically latched LED targets in use today.

3-6

BE1-67N Functional Description

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 4 INSTALLATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 4 INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................. 4-1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................... 4-1
RELAY OPERATING GUIDELINES AND PRECAUTIONS .................................................................. 4-1
MOUNTING............................................................................................................................................ 4-1
CONNECTIONS..................................................................................................................................... 4-9
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................... 4-12
STORAGE............................................................................................................................................ 4-12
Figures
Figure 4-1. Panel Cutting/Drilling, Semi-Flush, M1 Case .......................................................................... 4-2
Figure 4-2. M1 Case Dimensions, Rear View, Double Ended, Semi-Flush Mount ................................... 4-3
Figure 4-3. M1 Case Dimensions, Side View, Double Ended, Semi-Flush Mount ................................... 4-4
Figure 4-4. Panel Cutting/Drilling, Double Ended, Projection Mount Case ............................................... 4-5
Figure 4-5. M1 Case Dimensions, Rear View, Double Ended, Projection Mount ..................................... 4-6
Figure 4-6. M1 Case Dimensions, Side View, Double Ended, Projection Mount ...................................... 4-7
Figure 4-7. M1 Case Cover Dimensions, Front View ................................................................................ 4-8
Figure 4-8. Typical Internal Connections ................................................................................................. 4-10
Figure 4-9. Typical Sensing Input Connections (Two Winding Transformer).......................................... 4-11
Figure 4-10. Typical Sensing Input Connections (Three Winding Transformer) ..................................... 4-11
Figure 4-11. Typical Output Connections ................................................................................................ 4-12

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 4 INSTALLATION
INTRODUCTION
BE1-67N relays are shipped in sturdy cartons to prevent damage during transit. Upon receipt of a relay,
check the model and style number against the requisition and packing list to see that they agree. Inspect
the relay for shipping damage. If there is evidence of damage, file a claim with the carrier, and notify your
sales representative or Basler Electric.
If the relay will not be installed immediately, store it in its original shipping carton in a moisture- and dustfree environment. Before placing the relay in service, it is recommended that the test procedures of
Section 5, Testing be performed.

RELAY OPERATING GUIDELINES AND PRECAUTIONS


Before installing or operating the relay, not the following guidelines and precautions.

For proper current operated target operation, a minimum current of 200 milliamperes must flow
through the output trip circuit.
If a wiring insulation test is required, remove the connection plugs and withdraw the relay from its
case.
CAUTION
When the connection plugs are removed, the relay is disconnected from the
operating circuit and will not provide system protection. Always be sure that
external operating (monitored) conditions are stable before removing a relay for
inspection, test, or service.

NOTE
Be sure that the relay is hard-wired to earth ground with no smaller than 12 AWG
copper wire attached to the ground terminal on the rear of the case. When the
relay is configured in a system with other devices, it is recommended to use a
separate lead to the ground bus from each device.

MOUNTING
Because the relay is of solid-state design, it does not have to be mounted vertically. Any convenient
mounting angle may be chosen. Relay outline dimensions and panel drilling diagrams are illustrated in
Figures 4-1 through 4-7.

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-1

0.480
(12)
0.552
(14)

0.480
(12)

5.69 (144.5)
2.84 (72.1)
Outer Edge of Cover

Cut-Out

14.25
(362.1)

C
L

14.63
(371.5)

7.31
(185.7)

7.13
(181.0)

0.575
(15)

3.03 (77)

P0072-21

6.06 (154)
0.25 (6) diameter, 4 places

Figure 4-1. Panel Cutting/Drilling, Semi-Flush, M1 Case

4-2

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

Figure 4-2. M1 Case Dimensions, Rear View, Double Ended, Semi-Flush Mount

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-3

1.95
(49.53)

.75
(19.1)

6.19
(157.2)

10-32 SCREWS

.31
(7.9)

7.03
(178.56)

7.03
(178.56)

10-32 SCREWS
.31
(7.9)

2.195
(55.75)

MOUNTING PANEL

P0066-76

Figure 4-3. M1 Case Dimensions, Side View, Double Ended, Semi-Flush Mount

4-4

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

Figure 4-4. Panel Cutting/Drilling, Double Ended, Projection Mount Case

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-5

Figure 4-5. M1 Case Dimensions, Rear View, Double Ended, Projection Mount

4-6

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

.75
(19.1)

6.19
(157.2)

1.95
(49.53)

10-32 SCREWS

.31
(7.9)

7.03
(178.56)

5/16-18 STUD
2 PLACES
.25
(6.4)

MOUNTING PANEL

7.03
(178.56)

10-32 SCREWS
.31
(7.9)

P0066-78

2.195
(55.75)

TERMINAL EXTENTION (TYP.)


FOR DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS,
SEE THE TERMINAL PROJECTION
MOUNTING KIT SUPPLIED.

Figure 4-6. M1 Case Dimensions, Side View, Double Ended, Projection Mount

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-7

P0066-79

Figure 4-7. M1 Case Cover Dimensions, Front View

4-8

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

CONNECTIONS
Be sure to check the model and style number of a relay before connecting and energizing the relay.
Incorrect wiring may result in damage to the relay. Except where noted, connections should be made with
wire no smaller than 14 AWG.
Internal relay connections are shown in Figure 4-8. Typical sensing input connections are shown in
Figures 4-9 and 4-10. Typical output connections are shown in Figure 4-11.

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-9

Figure 4-8. Typical Internal Connections


4-10

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

Figure 4-9. Typical Sensing Input Connections (Two Winding Transformer)

Figure 4-10. Typical Sensing Input Connections (Three Winding Transformer)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Installation

4-11

Figure 4-11. Typical Output Connections

MAINTENANCE
BE1-67N relays require no preventative maintenance other than a periodic operational check. If the relay
fails to function properly, contact Technical Sales Support at Basler Electric to coordinate repairs.

STORAGE
This device contains long-life aluminum electrolytic capacitors. For devices that are not in service (spares
in storage), the life of these capacitors can be maximized by energizing the device for 30 minutes once
per year.

4-12

BE1-67N Installation

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 5 TESTING
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 5 TESTING ............................................................................................................................ 5-1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................... 5-1
TEST PROCEDURES FOR SENSING INPUT RANGES 1 AND 2 ....................................................... 5-1
Operational Test Procedure ............................................................................................................... 5-1
Timing Curve Verification ................................................................................................................... 5-5
TEST PROCEDURES FOR SENSING INPUT RANGES 3 AND 4 ....................................................... 5-6
Operational Test Procedure ............................................................................................................... 5-6
Timing Curve Verification ................................................................................................................... 5-8
Figures
Figure 5-1. Typical Test Connections ........................................................................................................ 5-1
Figure 5-2. Trip Zone Using VO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 0) ................................................. 5-3
Figure 5-3. Trip Zone Using VO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 60) ............................................... 5-4
Figure 5-4. Trip Zone Using IO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 0) ................................................. 5-5
Tables
Table 5-1. Pickup Values for Tap Selector Positions Input Ranges 1 and 2 ......................................... 5-2
Table 5-2. Expected Timing at Five Times Pickup .................................................................................... 5-5
Table 5-3 Pickup Values for Tap Selector Positions Input Ranges 3 and 4 .......................................... 5-7

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Testing

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N Testing

9190700990 Rev G

SECTION 5 TESTING
INTRODUCTION
This section provides procedures for testing the operation of BE1-67N relays. Separate test procedures
are provided for relays with sensing input ranges 1 and 2 and sensing input ranges 3 and 4. Use the
procedures that correspond to the sensing input range of your relay.

TEST PROCEDURES FOR SENSING INPUT RANGES 1 AND 2


The following paragraphs contain procedures for verifying the operation and timing curves of a BE1-67N
relay with sensing input range 1 or 2.
Operational Test Procedure
Following a preliminary test setup, BE1-67N operational testing consists of a time overcurrent pickup test,
an instantaneous overcurrent pickup test (directional and non-directional), VO directional verification, and
IO directional verification.
Preliminary Test Setup
1. Connect the BE1-67N relay as shown in Figure 5-1.

Figure 5-1. Typical Test Connections


2. Adjust the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise.
3. Set the Time Dial at 99.
4. Set the Tap Selector switch in position A.
5. Adjust the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control and Non-Directional, Instantaneous
Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
6. Place the Characteristic Angle switch in the 0 position.
7. Set the Polarizing Source Select switch (locator A of Figure 2-2) for dual polarization (both the VO and
IO switches up).
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Testing

5-1

8. Apply the proper power supply voltage to relay case terminals 3 and 4. (Refer to Section 1, General
Information for the voltage range for each power supply type.)
9. Insert the relay connection plugs.
10. Verify that the Power, Directional Timing Inhibit, and Directional Instantaneous Inhibit indicators are
lit.
11. Verify that the Relay Failure output contacts at case terminals 19 and 20 function properly. The
contacts should be open with relay operating power applied and closed with relay operating power
removed. When the upper connection plus is removed, the case shorting bar should place a short
circuit across terminals 19 and 20.
NOTE
The test procedures provided here for time overcurrent pickup, non-directional
instantaneous overcurrent pickup, and directional instantaneous overcurrent
pickup are performed using only voltage polarizing (VO) inputs.
Time Overcurrent Pickup Test
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the polarizing input voltage source (VO) for 4 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. Adjust the IO input current source for 0.25 Aac (low range) or 0.75 Aac (high range) at a 0 phase
angle.
4. Verify the minimum pickup point of the range by slowly rotating the Tap Calibration control
counterclockwise until the Timing indicator lights.
5. Rotate the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise. The Timing indicator should turn off. Slowly
increase the magnitude of the input current until the Timing indicator lights. The input current level
should be within 5% of 0.375 Aac (low range) or 1.125 Aac (high range). This verifies the pickup
accuracy of the tap A setting.
6. If verification of the remaining Tap Selector positions is desired, adjust the Tap Selector to its next
clockwise position, when slowly increase the input current magnitude until the Timing Indicator lights.
Observe that the current level is within 5% of the value listed in Table 5-1.
NOTE
The Tap Selector position can be changed without disconnecting the current
sensing inputs.
Table 5-1. Pickup Values for Tap Selector Positions Input Ranges 1 and 2
Tap Selector Switch Position

Nominal
Range

IOP
Terminals

High

1.125

1.500

2.250

2.625

3.375

3.750

4.500

4.875

5.625

6.000

7 and 8

Low

0.375

0.500

0.750

0.875

1.125

1.250

1.500

1.625

1.875

2.000

7 and 9

Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Pickup Test


1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
3. Apply 2.0 Aac input current (IO).
4. Slowly adjust the Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control counterclockwise until the nondirectional instantaneous trip output activates (contacts at terminals 14 and 15 close).
5. Adjust the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4 Vac at a 90 phase angle. The relay should remain in a
tripped state.
5-2

BE1-67N Testing

9190700990 Rev G

6. Reduce IO to 1.8 Aac.


7. Confirm that the non-directional instantaneous trip output contacts at terminals 14 and 15 open.
8. Adjust the Non-Directional Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Pickup Test
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Set the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4.0 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. Rotate the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
4. Apply 2.0 Aac of IO.
5. Slowly adjust the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control counterclockwise until the directional
instantaneous trip output contacts (terminal 11 and 13) close.
6. Adjust the VO phase angle until the directional instantaneous trip output contacts open and the
Directional Instantaneous Inhibit indicator lights. The VO phase angle should be 75 5.
7. Adjust the VO phase angle for 0. The directional instantaneous trip output contacts should close.
8. Reduce IO to 1.8 Aac.
9. Confirm that the directional instantaneous trip output contacts open.
10. Rotate the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
VO Directional Verification
For the following tests, it will be necessary to adjust and monitor the magnitude of voltage and current as
well as the phase angle relationship between sensing quantities. The results should be recorded on polar
graph paper to understand the significance of the results. Blank polar graph forms are provided in
Appendix B, Polar Graph Forms.
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4.0 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. With the IO current source set at 1.0 Aac (low range) or 2.0 Aac (high range), and the Characteristic
Angle switch set at 0, vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and note the phase angles
within which the Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a
polar plot, the graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 75 to +75, 5. This
plot defines the trip region as shown in Figure 5-2.

Figure 5-2. Trip Zone Using VO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 0)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Testing

5-3

4. Place the Characteristic Angle switch in the 60 position.


5. Vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and record the phase angles with which the
Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a polar plot, the
graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 15 to +135, 5. This plot defines
the trip region as shown in Figure 5-3.

Figure 5-3. Trip Zone Using VO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 60)
IO Directional Verification
For the following tests, it will be necessary to adjust and monitor the magnitude of voltage and current as
well as the phase angle relationship between sensing quantities. The results should be recorded on polar
graph paper to understand the significance of the results. Blank polar graph forms are provided in
Appendix B, Polar Graph Forms.
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Apply 1.0 Aac of polarizing current (IO) at a phase angle of 0.
3. With the IO current source set at 1.0 Aac (low range) or 2.0 Aac (high range), and the Characteristic
Angle switch set at 0, vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and note the phase angles
within which the Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a
polar plot, the graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 75 to +75, 5. This
plot defines the trip region as shown in Figure 5-4.

5-4

BE1-67N Testing

9190700990 Rev G

Figure 5-4. Trip Zone Using IO as Polarizing Source (Char. Angle = 0)


Timing Curve Verification
Connect the relay as shown in Figure 5-1. For convenience, verification of timing may be performed at a
low current level. Timing will be measured from the point that the sensed current is applied until the output
contact changes state. The equipment needed to accomplish this task will need to step from 0 to 1.875
Aac (low range) or 0 to 5.625 Aac (high range).
Table 5-2 lists checkpoints for each timing characteristic. Use the Time Overcurrent Characteristic Curve
Selector switch (locator C of Figure 2-2) to select the desired characteristic.
Table 5-2. Expected Timing at Five Times Pickup

9190700990 Rev G

Timing Type
B1
B2
B3

Selector
Option
3
1
5

B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
E2
E4
E5

Expected Times at Indicated


Time Dial Setting
00
0.066 s
0.587 s
0.103 s

10
0.194 s
3.410 s
0.494 s

2
4
6
7

0.168 s
0.149 s
0.126 s
0.195 s

0.875 s
0.722 s
0.551 s
1.011 s

0
8
9
A

0.329 s
1.560 s
0.130 s
0.233 s

1.790 s
9.060 s
0.540 s
1.190 s

E6
B
0.160 s
0.770 s
E7
C, D, E, F
0.130 s
0.480 s
Accuracy, with Tap Calibration control rotated fully clockwise, is
5% or 50 milliseconds (whichever is greater) within values
shown graphically on the published characteristic curves.
BE1-67N Testing

5-5

1. Set the Tap Selector at position A and rotate the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise. Rotate the
Directional and Non-Directional Instantaneous Overcurrent controls fully clockwise. Set the Time Dial
at 00.
2. Adjust the IO current source for 0.375 Aac (low range) or 1.125 Aac (high range) and apply this
current to the sensing inputs. Voltage (VO = 4.0 Vac) will also need to be applied to the sensing input
of the directional element for this test. The phase angle between current and voltage should be
adjusted so that the Timing indicator lights when the pickup current is applied. Adjust the Tap
Calibration control (if required) so that the Timing indicator is lit. This sets the relay pickup for the
following steps.
3. Connect a counter to monitor the time interval from initiation of the timing condition to the output
contact transition at terminals 11 and 12.
4. Switch the sensing current to 1.875 Aac (low range) or 5.625 Aac (high range). (This is five times the
level set in step 2.) Monitor the time required for the output contact to change state and compare the
time with the appropriate value in Table 5-2.
5. Set the Time Dial at 10 and repeat step 4.

TEST PROCEDURES FOR SENSING INPUT RANGES 3 AND 4


The following paragraphs contain procedures for verifying the operation and timing curves of a BE1-67N
relay with sensing input range of 3 or 4.
Operational Test Procedure
Following a preliminary test setup, BE1-67N operational testing consists of a time overcurrent pickup test,
an instantaneous overcurrent pickup test (directional and non-directional), VO directional verification, and
IO directional verification.
Preliminary Test Setup
1. Connect the BE1-67N relay as shown in Figure 5-1.
2. Adjust the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise.
3. Set the Time Dial at 99.
4. Set the Tap Selector switch in position A.
5. Adjust the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control and Non-Directional, Instantaneous
Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
6. Place the Characteristic Angle switch in the 0 position.
7. Set the Polarizing Source Select switch (locator A of Figure 2-2) for dual polarization (both the VO and
IO switches up).
8. Apply the proper power supply voltage to relay case terminals 3 and 4. (Refer to Section 1, General
Information for the voltage range for each power supply type.)
9. Insert the relay connection plugs.
10. Verify that the Power, Directional Timing Inhibit, and Directional Instantaneous Inhibit indicators are
lit.
11. Verify that the Relay Failure output contacts at case terminals 19 and 20 function properly. The
contacts should be open with relay operating power applied and closed with relay operating power
removed. When the upper connection plus is removed, the case shorting bar should place a short
circuit across terminals 19 and 20.

NOTE
The test procedures provided here for time overcurrent pickup, non-directional
instantaneous overcurrent pickup, and directional instantaneous overcurrent
pickup are performed using only voltage polarizing (VO) inputs.

5-6

BE1-67N Testing

9190700990 Rev G

Time Overcurrent Pickup Test


1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the polarizing input voltage source (VO) for 4 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. Adjust the IO input current source for 0.05 Aac (low range) or 0.15 Aac (high range) at a 0 phase
angle.
4. Verify the minimum pickup point of the range by slowly rotating the Tap Calibration control
counterclockwise until the Timing indicator lights.
5. Rotate the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise. The Timing indicator should turn off. Slowly
increase the magnitude of the input current until the Timing indicator lights. The input current level
should be within 5% of 0.075 Aac (low range) or 0.225 Aac (high range). This verifies the pickup
accuracy of the tap A setting.
6. If verification of the remaining Tap Selector positions is desired, adjust the Tap Selector to its next
clockwise position, when slowly increase the input current magnitude until the Timing Indicator lights.
Observe that the current level is within 5% of the value listed in Table 5-3.
NOTE
The Tap Selector position can be changed without disconnecting the current
sensing inputs.
Table 5-3. Pickup Values for Tap Selector Positions Input Ranges 3 and 4
Tap Selector Switch Position

Nominal
Range

IOP
Terminals

High

0.225

0.300

0.450

0.525

0.675

0.750

0.900

0.975

1.125

1.200

7 and 8

Low

0.075

0.100

0.150

0.175

0.225

0.250

0.300

0.325

0.375

0.400

7 and 9

Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Pickup Test


1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
3. Apply 0.4 Aac input current (IO).
4. Slowly adjust the Non-Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control counterclockwise until the nondirectional instantaneous trip output activates (contacts at terminals 14 and 15 close).
5. Adjust the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4 Vac at a 90 phase angle. The relay should remain in a
tripped state.
6. Reduce IO to 0.35 Aac.
7. Confirm that the non-directional instantaneous trip output contacts at terminals 14 and 15 open.
8. Adjust the Non-Directional Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent Pickup Test
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Set the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4.0 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. Rotate the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
4. Apply 0.4 Aac of IO.
5. Slowly adjust the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control counterclockwise until the directional
instantaneous trip output contacts (terminal 11 and 13) close.
6. Adjust the VO phase angle until the directional instantaneous trip output contacts open and the
Directional Instantaneous Inhibit indicator lights. The VO phase angle should be 75 5.
7. Adjust the VO phase angle for 0. The directional instantaneous trip output contacts should close.
8. Reduce IO to 0.35 Aac.
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Testing

5-7

9. Confirm that the directional instantaneous trip output contacts open.


10. Rotate the Directional, Instantaneous Overcurrent control fully clockwise.
VO Directional Verification
For the following tests, it will be necessary to adjust and monitor the magnitude of voltage and current as
well as the phase angle relationship between sensing quantities. The results should be recorded on polar
graph paper to understand the significance of the results. Blank polar graph forms are provided in
Appendix B, Polar Graph Forms.
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Adjust the polarizing voltage source (VO) for 4.0 Vac at a 0 phase angle.
3. With the IO current source set at 0.2 Aac (low range) or 0.4 Aac (high range), and the Characteristic
Angle switch set at 0, vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and note the phase angles
within which the Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a
polar plot, the graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 75 to +75, 5. This
plot defines the trip region as shown in Figure 5-2.
4. Place the Characteristic Angle switch in the 60 position.
5. Vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and record the phase angles with which the
Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a polar plot, the
graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 15 to +135, 5. This plot defines
the trip region as shown in Figure 5-3.
IO Directional Verification
For the following tests, it will be necessary to adjust and monitor the magnitude of voltage and current as
well as the phase angle relationship between sensing quantities. The results should be recorded on polar
graph paper to understand the significance of the results. Blank polar graph forms are provided in
Appendix B, Polar Graph Forms.
1. Perform the Preliminary Test Setup before proceeding with time overcurrent pickup testing.
2. Apply 1.0 Aac of polarizing current (IO) at a phase angle of 0.
3. With the IO current source set at 0.2 Aac (low range) or 0.4 Aac (high range), and the Characteristic
Angle switch set at 0, vary the phase angle of the VO input through 360 and note the phase angles
within which the Directional Timing Inhibit indicator turns off. When these results are illustrated on a
polar plot, the graph should resemble a v-shaped line through the origin from 75 to +75, 5. This
plot defines the trip region as shown in Figure 5-4.
Timing Curve Verification
Connect the relay as shown in Figure 5-1. For convenience, verification of timing may be performed at a
low current level. Timing will be measured from the point that the sensed current is applied until the output
contact changes state. The equipment needed to accomplish this task will need to step from 0 to 0.75
Aac (low range) or 0 to 0.225 Aac (high range).
Table 5-2 lists checkpoints for each timing characteristic. Use the Time Overcurrent Characteristic Curve
Selector switch (locator C of Figure 2-2) to select the desired characteristic.
1. Set the Tap Selector at position A and rotate the Tap Calibration control fully clockwise. Rotate the
Directional and Non-Directional Instantaneous Overcurrent controls fully clockwise. Set the Time Dial
at 00.
2. Adjust the IO current source for 0.75 Aac (low range) or 0.225 Aac (high range) and apply this current
to the sensing inputs. Voltage (VO = 4.0 Vac) will also need to be applied to the sensing input of the
directional element for this test. The phase angle between current and voltage should be adjusted so
that the Timing indicator lights when the pickup current is applied. Adjust the Tap Calibration control
(if required) so that the Timing indicator is lit. This sets the relay pickup for the following steps.
3. Connect a counter to monitor the time interval from initiation of the timing condition to the output
contact transition at terminals 11 and 12.
4. Switch the sensing current to 0.75 Aac (low range) or 0.225 Aac (high range). (This is five times the
level set in step 2.) Monitor the time required for the output contact to change state and compare the
time with the appropriate value in Table 5-2.
5. Set the Time Dial at 10 and repeat step 4.
5-8

BE1-67N Testing

9190700990 Rev G

APPENDIX A CHARACTERISTIC CURVES


TABLE OF CONTENTS
APPENDIX A CHARACTERISTIC CURVES .......................................................................................... A-1
BE1-67N TIME OVERCURRENT CURVES .......................................................................................... A-1
Figures
Figure A-1. Timing Type B1, Short Inverse (Switch Position 3) ................................................................ A-2
Figure A-2. Timing Type B2, Long Inverse (Switch Position 1) ................................................................. A-3
Figure A-3. Timing Type B3, Definite Time (Switch Position 5) ................................................................ A-4
Figure A-4. Timing Type B4, Moderate Inverse (Switch Position 2) ......................................................... A-5
Figure A-5. Timing Type B5, Inverse (Switch Position 4) .......................................................................... A-6
Figure A-6. Timing Type B6, Very Inverse (Switch Position 6) ................................................................. A-7
Figure A-7. Timing Type B7, Extremely Inverse (Switch Position 7) ......................................................... A-8
Figure A-8. Timing Type E2, BS 142 Long Inverse (Switch Position 8) .................................................... A-9
Figure A-9. Timing Type E4, BS 132 Inverse (Switch Position 9) ........................................................... A-10
Figure A-10. Timing Type E5, BS 142 Inverse (Switch Position A) ........................................................ A-11
Figure A-11. Timing Type E6, BS 142 Very Inverse (Switch Position B) ................................................ A-12
Figure A-12. Timing Type E7, BS 142 Extremely Inverse (Switch Position C, D, E, F) .......................... A-13
Tables
Table A-1. Characteristic Curves and Switch Positions ............................................................................ A-1

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

This page intentionally left blank.

ii

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

APPENDIX A CHARACTERISTIC CURVES


BE1-67N TIME OVERCURRENT CURVES
BE1-67N time overcurrent curves are illustrated in Figures A-1 through A-12. Table A-1 lists each curve
along with the corresponding characteristic curve selector switch position.
Table A-1. Characteristic Curves and Switch Positions
Switch
Position

Characteristic
Curve

B1

Short Inverse

A-1

B2

Long Inverse

A-2

B3

Definite

A-3

B4

Moderately Inverse

A-4

B5

Inverse

A-5

B6

Very Inverse

A-6

B7

Extremely Inverse

A-7

E2

Long Inverse (BS 142)

A-8

E4

Inverse (1.3 s, BS 142)

A-9

E5

Inverse (2.9 s, BS 142)

A-10

E6

Very Inverse (BS 142)

A-11

C, D, E, F

E7

Extremely Inverse (BS 142)

A-12

9190700990 Rev G

Characteristic Description

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

Figure

A-1

Figure A-1. Timing Type B1, Short Inverse (Switch Position 3)


A-2

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-2. Timing Type B2, Long Inverse (Switch Position 1)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-3

Figure A-3. Timing Type B3, Definite Time (Switch Position 5)


A-4

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-4. Timing Type B4, Moderate Inverse (Switch Position 2)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-5

Figure A-5. Timing Type B5, Inverse (Switch Position 4)


A-6

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-6. Timing Type B6, Very Inverse (Switch Position 6)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-7

Figure A-7. Timing Type B7, Extremely Inverse (Switch Position 7)


A-8

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-8. Timing Type E2, BS 142 Long Inverse (Switch Position 8)
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-9

Figure A-9. Timing Type E4, BS 132 Inverse (Switch Position 9)


A-10

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-10. Timing Type E5, BS 142 Inverse (Switch Position A)


9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-11

D0334-03

Figure A-11. Timing Type E6, BS 142 Very Inverse (Switch Position B)
A-12

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

Figure A-12. Timing Type E7, BS 142 Extremely Inverse (Switch Position C, D, E, F)
9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

A-13

This page intentionally left blank.

A-14

BE1-67N Characteristic Curves

9190700990 Rev G

APPENDIX B POLAR GRAPH FORMS


These polar graph forms may be used to record and interpret the results of the VO and IO directional
verification test procedures provided in Section 5, Testing.

9190700990 Rev G

BE1-67N Polar Graph Forms

B-1

This page intentionally left blank.

B-2

BE1-67N Polar Graph Forms

9190700990 Rev G

12570 State Route 143


Highland IL 62249-1074 USA
Tel: +1 618.654.2341
Fax: +1.618.654.2351
email: info@basler.com

P.A.E. Les Pins


67319 Wasselonne Cedex
FRANCE
Tel: +33 3.88.87.1010
Fax: +33 3.88.87.0808
email: franceinfo@basler.com

No. 59 Heshun Road Loufeng District (N)


Suzhou Industrial Park
215122 Suzhou
P.R. CHINA
Tel: +86 512.8227.2880
Fax: +86 512.8227.2887
email: chinainfo@basler.com

111 North Bridge Road


15-06 Peninsula Plaza
Singapore 179098
Tel: +65 68.44.6445
Fax: +65 68.44.8902
email: singaporeinfo@basler.com