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Chapter 8:
Individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Definition given by American Psychiatric Association (pg 251): A persistent
pattern of _____________________ and _______________________- impulsiveness
that interferes with functioning or development.
Characteristics of ADHD Matching (pg 252-253):
1. Inability to remain seated for long periods of time
and usually fidgeting or squirming.


2. Individuals with intellectual disabilities who

exhibit high levels of distraction and hyperactivity


3. Fails to pay close attention to details and easily

distracted by extraneous stimuli


4. Acts without thinking, typically impatient. Will

blurt out answers and has a hard time waiting in line


5. Youngsters who exhibit impulsivity, inattention,

and/or hyperactivity
6. Individuals who exhibit behavioral signs of brain
injury but with no neurological evidence
A. Inattention
D. Strauss Syndrome


B. Hyperactivity C. Impulsivity
E. Minimal Brain Injury

F. Hyperactive Child

Hereditary Factors (pg 256): Approximately one out of __________ persons
with ADHD has a relative with this condition. A child who has ADHD is much
more likely to have ___________ who exhibits the behavior of ADHD.

Environmental Factors (pg 256): Various pre-, peri-, and postnatal traumas
are implicated as contributing to ADHA. List 4 examples
Medical Evaluation (pg 260): Generally this evaluation is designed to
_____________ ___________ medical conditions that might be contributing to the
pupils hyperactivity and/or inattention. Medical professionals making a
diagnosis of ADHD use guidelines from the
Behavioral/Educational Evaluation (pg 260-262): __________________
__________________ assess the presence of ADHD symptoms and offer an
objective way of quantifying the severity of the behaviors. Evaluation of the
childs performance in the _________________________ and at ________________
can help establish a complete picture of the students condition and ensure
the data is accurate.
Self-Regulation/Monitoring (pg 263-264): The ability of an indivudal to
manage or govern his or her own behavior. There are 5 step the student
should follow.
1. Self-________________________: looking at ones own behavior, given a
predetermined criterion.
2. Self-________________________: deciding if the behavior has occurred,
through some form of self-questioning activity.

3. Self-_____________________________________________________: setting a
criterion for success, and selecting a reinforce from a menu of
4. Self-_____________________________________________________:
administering a reinforce to oneself.

Instructional Modification (pg 267-270): Instructional adaptations coupled

with modifications of the learning _________________________ are powerful
tools that can help students sustain attention and encourages the student
to control his or her behavior. List an example of instructional
modification: ________________________________________________
Medication (pg 270-272): Many professionals believe that medication can
play an important role in the treatment of ADHD. The use of medication
should always be in ________________________ with educational and
behavioral interventions; medication represents only one part of the total
treatment. A popular stimulant medication is __________________,
_____________________, and _____________________.