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Chapter 8:
Individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Definition given by American Psychiatric Association (pg 251): A persistent
pattern of _____________________ and _______________________- impulsiveness
that interferes with functioning or development.
Characteristics of ADHD Matching (pg 252-253):
1. Inability to remain seated for long periods of time
and usually fidgeting or squirming.

_______

2. Individuals with intellectual disabilities who


exhibit high levels of distraction and hyperactivity

_______

3. Fails to pay close attention to details and easily


distracted by extraneous stimuli

_______

4. Acts without thinking, typically impatient. Will


blurt out answers and has a hard time waiting in line

_______

5. Youngsters who exhibit impulsivity, inattention,


and/or hyperactivity
6. Individuals who exhibit behavioral signs of brain
injury but with no neurological evidence
A. Inattention
D. Strauss Syndrome

_______
_______

B. Hyperactivity C. Impulsivity
E. Minimal Brain Injury

F. Hyperactive Child

Syndrome
Hereditary Factors (pg 256): Approximately one out of __________ persons
with ADHD has a relative with this condition. A child who has ADHD is much
more likely to have ___________ who exhibits the behavior of ADHD.

Environmental Factors (pg 256): Various pre-, peri-, and postnatal traumas
are implicated as contributing to ADHA. List 4 examples
_________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
___________________
Medical Evaluation (pg 260): Generally this evaluation is designed to
_____________ ___________ medical conditions that might be contributing to the
pupils hyperactivity and/or inattention. Medical professionals making a
diagnosis of ADHD use guidelines from the
__________________________________________________________________________.
Behavioral/Educational Evaluation (pg 260-262): __________________
__________________ assess the presence of ADHD symptoms and offer an
objective way of quantifying the severity of the behaviors. Evaluation of the
childs performance in the _________________________ and at ________________
can help establish a complete picture of the students condition and ensure
the data is accurate.
Self-Regulation/Monitoring (pg 263-264): The ability of an indivudal to
manage or govern his or her own behavior. There are 5 step the student
should follow.
1. Self-________________________: looking at ones own behavior, given a
predetermined criterion.
2. Self-________________________: deciding if the behavior has occurred,
through some form of self-questioning activity.

3. Self-_____________________________________________________: setting a
criterion for success, and selecting a reinforce from a menu of
reinforcers.
4. Self-_____________________________________________________:
administering a reinforce to oneself.

Instructional Modification (pg 267-270): Instructional adaptations coupled


with modifications of the learning _________________________ are powerful
tools that can help students sustain attention and encourages the student
to control his or her behavior. List an example of instructional
modification: ________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Medication (pg 270-272): Many professionals believe that medication can
play an important role in the treatment of ADHD. The use of medication
should always be in ________________________ with educational and
behavioral interventions; medication represents only one part of the total
treatment. A popular stimulant medication is __________________,
_____________________, and _____________________.