Overcoming the Acid Crisis

Unlock Your Health Potential By Balancing Your pH

By Martha M. Christy

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means including electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or information storage system without written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. Disclaimer – This book is designed to be used as an educational tool only. Any medical attention or treatment should not be delayed when professional help is needed. The author, publisher, distributor, or those whose names appear in this book shall have no liability or responsibility for any loss or damage caused (or allegedly caused) by the information presented in this book. Copyright © 2000 -2010, Martha M. Christy

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Table of Contents
Introduction The Body‘s Acidic State: More Than Just Heartburn What Are Acids? What Does pH Mean? Why Does pH In Our Bodies Fluctuate? As Important As Air & Water How Nature Regulates Acid Fires Cells & Acid Corrosion The Nutrient Alkaline Buffers Calcium: More than Bone Health! Magnesium: Calcium‘s Partner Sodium & Potassium — The Electrical Buffers Manganese The All-Important Buffering Organs The Kidneys & pH Lungs & Breathing—Where Did All The Oxygen Go? The Primary Causes of an Acid Crisis Signs of an Acid Crisis Overcoming the Acid Crisis Monitoring Your pH Urine Testing Saliva Testing The Nutritional Solution Caring For the Kidneys Supporting the Lungs Do Moderate Exercise Reduce Stress Solutions to the Acid Crisis Acid/Alkaline Foods Chart References 4 6 10 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 23 24 26 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 42

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Introduction
Alka-Seltzer®, Tums®, Pepto Bismol®, Rolaids®, Maalox®, Mylanta® — nobody has to tell you what these products will do for you. Every one of them is a familiar treatment for an all too familiar modern health epidemic that most of us completely underestimate. Acid indigestion or ―heartburn‖ is so widespread and so common a health problem in modern culture that most of us just consider it a part of our everyday lives. Antacid medications, or ―acid blockers,‖ are now becoming so much a part of our daily fare that they‘re not really even considered to be medications at all! We all know that acid indigestion is a recurring and painful problem for millions of Americans, but it‘s a dream come true for the makers of Mylanta®, Zantac®, Tagamet®, Pepcid® and the whole fabulously lucrative world of anti-acid marketing. Huge numbers of advertising dollars are spent every year to extol the virtues of yet another antacid — and the ―pop a pill and eat anything you want‖ promises seem irresistible. But can these miracle pills truly be the panaceas that advertisers claim them to be?

In reality, habitual antacid use can damage digestion and assimilation and disrupt the delicate acid balance in the body, while acid blockers such as Zantac® and Pepcid® have caused liver damage and even death in clinical
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use. The Physician‘s Desk Reference, which is the doctor‘s guide to drug information, says that the acid-blocker Zantac®, which is now sold over the counter for treatment of everyday ―normal‖ acid indigestion has been linked to ―occasional hepatitis, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, pancreatic inflammation, insomnia, hallucinations, heart block, irregular heartbeat, and in rare circumstances, death has occurred.‖ (The PDR Family Guide). Why is a drug of this magnitude being sold as an over-the-counter treatment for everyday dietary indiscretions that give us indigestion or heartburn? I know of people who take these medications with mind-numbing regularity simply so that they can eat what they want without heartburn. But as you can see, they might well end up with drug side effects that make the discomfort of indigestion pale by comparison. The media barrage associated with antacids does reveal one fact — there is an enormously lucrative market for anti-acid medications. Why? Because in modern society, our bodies‘ natural acid balance is out of control and has created what I call an ―acid crisis.‖ And indigestion is only the tip of the iceberg.

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The Body's Acidic State:
More than Just Heartburn
Think about it. If excess acid creates so much irritation, damage and pain in the stomach, then what do you think it can do to the rest of your body? Despite what commercials may lead you to believe, the problem of excess acidity isn‘t limited to the stomach and digestive tract. The same excess acid that‘s giving you a stomachache, is, over time, doing relentless damage to the rest of your body that you wouldn‘t believe. Just as continual excess acid in the stomach irritates and destroys the stomach lining, so too, the cells and tissues throughout the rest of the body are irritated and destroyed by chronic excess acid. This critical health factor is in reality one of the most fundamental reasons why we become susceptible to disease and aging. It‘s important to be aware that acids in themselves are not the ―bad guys.‖ In reality, acids are fundamental to life (remember the term ―amino acids‖), but unless they are in proper balance in the body, acids can become the underlying cause of disease and premature aging. You probably wonder why doctors aren‘t concerned about excess acidity as a major health problem — but the fact is, they are. It‘s simply that, as most of you know, our medical doctors are primarily trained for and practice emergency medicine, not long-term prevention, which means that they deal seriously with acid imbalances only when they become an immediate threat or medical emergency.

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For instance, all trained medical personnel know that sudden, severe fluctuations in blood acid balances caused by certain diseases can actually be fatal. Every doctor and health practitioner knows that consistently very acid urine pH (the scale of measuring acid balance) can signal malfunctions in fat and carbohydrate metabolism caused by diabetes. That‘s one of the reasons why doctors routinely ask you for a urine sample during office visits. The doctor or nurse dips a plastic test strip into the urine, which tells them your urine pH (or acidity). If your test shows a very acid urine pH in conjunction with high glucose (sugar) levels, your doctor may ask for further testing to determine if diabetes is a possibility. But what doctors don‘t tell you is that chronic long-term acid imbalances caused by everyday modern lifestyle practices and dietary abuses can be every bit as devastating to your health as the sudden or emergency acid imbalances that we see in diseases like diabetes. The revolution that's now taking place in alternative medicine is teaching all of us that we must take a long-term approach to our health to prevent minor health problems from becoming major diseases. And because acid balancing is one of the most critical factors in deterring the onset of disease and aging, it‘s absolutely essential that we learn how to maintain that balance, not with temporary solutions like antacids or acid-blockers, but with long-lasting effective lifestyle changes. Acid imbalances can exist even from birth, and may be a major hidden cause of early childhood illnesses such as a lowered immunity to colds, flu, viruses and bacterial infections. If uncorrected, these imbalances continue to erode immune defenses and place a continuous strain on major organs, particularly the kidneys and lungs, all of which leads to a huge variety of progressively more serious health problems as we grow and age. ―A constant [balanced] pH is of vital importance for the [body]; the molecular form of the proteins, for example, and thus the normal structure of the cell constituents is pH dependent. Consequently, larger deviations from the normal lead to disturbances in metabolism, in the permeability of membranes, in electrolyte distribution and so on. Blood pH values outside the range of 7.0-7.8 are incompatible with life.‖ (W. Gay and A. Rothenberger, Atlas of Physiology)

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In view of the fact that acid (pH) balance is so critical a health factor, why does our medical establishment wait to correct acid imbalances until they are major problems or near-fatal? Doesn‘t it make far more sense to practice preventative medicine by correcting smaller acid imbalances before they become life threatening? The complete lack of awareness, literature and education on the importance of pH (or acid) balancing is leading to a real health crisis in modern societies. As I see more and more small children with pale, sickly faces, dark rings under their eyes, with extremes of hyperactive or listless behavior, or teenagers‘ faces covered with acne, young adults with ―mysterious‖ aches and pains, chronic fatigue, or depression, or middle-agers bowed down with arthritis, immune problems and undefined health problems of every kind, I know that I‘m witnessing the overt symptoms of bodies fighting a losing battle against pH imbalances that affect the very foundation of physical and mental well-being. Many of us gaze with longing at societies of indigenous tribes who live closer to nature, eating simple diets of natural foods, living and working outdoors, with lives far removed from the mental and environmental stresses of our life experiences. Many of these societies, such as the ―Hunzas,‖ are famous for their robust bodies and long, healthy lives. But if we look closer, it becomes apparent that, unlike us, their lifestyles are precisely in tune with the conditions needed to maintain a balanced pH. In order for our bodies to maintain the right acid balance, it is imperative that our lungs and kidneys in particular be provided with the proper support mechanisms. In simpler rural societies, vigorous outdoor exercise, fresh air, fewer
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mental stresses and simple, unprocessed foods are much more in evidence and provide the body with the elements it needs to keep lungs and kidneys functioning well, which is fundamental in keeping acid levels balanced. But pollution, stress, lack of exercise, indoor working environments and highly acidic diets which are the hallmarks of modern living, are exactly the conditions which stress kidneys and lungs and promote abnormally high acid levels in the body, leading to unbalanced pH, health problems and premature aging. I think that what so many of us have forgotten in this day and age is that the technological revolution that has shaped modern lifestyles occurred so rapidly that our bodies have, in some ways, been unable to keep up. After living thousands and thousands of years in predominantly simple agrarian or nomadic societies, in the incredibly short span of the last 75 years, we‘ve been plunged into a new lifestyle that bears very little resemblance to all of recorded (and unrecorded) history. Intellectually we may appear to grasp and adjust to the enormous changes that have occurred, but our bodies certainly haven‘t. We may know it's the 21st century, but our physical bodies don‘t. It's true that our bodies can make adaptations to changes in environment, but in the natural course of human history, these changes have been relatively few and appear to have been made over the course of millennia, not in the space of less than a century. I think it only makes sense to realize that in order to successfully adapt to modern ―techno-civilization‖ we have to bring into our lives as much as we can of the natural conditions and environments that shaped and defined our physical bodies over the long course of history. In other words, we have to change our lifestyles in order to accommodate our bodies, not the other way around. And this is especially true in the area of pH balancing. Acid balancing is one of the most fundamental requirements of life. But proper acid balances, which were originally adapted to conditions very different from modern environments, cannot be maintained unless we incorporate needed historically indispensable elements into our everyday lives that will assist our bodies in maintaining proper pH, even in a changing world. The more I‘ve researched pH, the more I‘ve realized that it‘s much too important to be overlooked, and that it can be explained in terms that all of us can understand, so that we can make crucial adjustments to our lives to maintain a healthy pH balance that will allow us to live longer, healthier lives.

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What Are Acids?

Before we begin to examine how pH or acid imbalances affect our health, let‘s first look at what acids are and how our bodies use them. You may remember from high-school biology and chemistry that acids are essential to life (as in the familiar term ―amino acids‖). The reason why acids are critical to life is because they have the special property of causing very mild to very intense chemical reactions when they come into contact with other substances. And these chemical reactions start up (or catalyze) hundreds of other organic and chemical processes. So, in the scheme of life, acids are the ―starters‖ which begin countless organic and inorganic processes. For instance, car batteries use sulfuric acid. When the sulfuric acid mixes with the water in car batteries, an intense chemical reaction occurs which creates an electrical charge, which ignites the fuel, which causes an explosion (combustion), which powers the engine, which runs the car. Although simplified, this example shows how acids begin important chain reactions that put other processes in motion. The same thing happens in the body. In the human body, acids are also key elements in ―powering‖ the body by initiating or contributing to crucial processes. Gastric acids such as hydrochloric acid in the stomach combine with foods and liquids and initiate chemical reactions that break down nutrients so that they can be absorbed. Acids work with enzymes to govern digestion, assimilation, utilization of nutrients, and are

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used in countless other metabolic processes, which produce heat and energy in the body: ―Many biochemical reactions and processes depend upon (acids), even though these silent partners do not appear explicitly in the process. The transport of oxygen in the blood, the chemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes and the generation of metabolic phenomena depend upon (acid) concentration.‖ (David J. Rawn, Biochemistry) As you can see, acids are far more than simply annoying substances that give us heartburn and indigestion.

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What Does pH Mean?
Science and medicine define an acid as a compound that yields hydrogen ions, or in other words, provides specific hydrogen particles (protons) to a chemical reaction. During such a chemical reaction, dissociation occurs, which means that hydrogen atoms are split apart into hydrogen particles. For instance, the bottle of vinegar on your kitchen shelf is an example of an acidic substance. By itself, the vinegar appears to be an inert substance. But combine it with baking soda, and wow! You've got foaming, noise and bubbles. Why? Because the acid solution (vinegar), in being mixed with the baking soda (an alkaline solution), has caused a chemical reaction in which hydrogen atoms are being split apart or dissociated into smaller particles. Scientists and medical researchers often call acids in a solution ―protons‖ or ―H+ concentrations‖, instead of using the term acids. The familiar term pH means ―potential hydrogen‖ and refers to the number of hydrogen protons (H+) that are in a certain solution. The pH of your blood simply means the number of hydrogen protons present in the blood that are available for chemical reactions. Because it would be impossible to actually count all the protons in every solution, scientists developed the pH scale, which tells us, by using a rating scale between 1 and 14 the acidity of a substance. (The lower the number, the more acidic the substance.)

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Why Does pH In Our Bodies Fluctuate?
We have certain types of acids that are naturally present in our bodies, like the hydrochloric acid in our stomach, and we get other acids we need from the foods we eat. As these acids combine with liquids and other substances in the body, critical chemical reactions occur that sustain essential processes such as metabolism, which is the utilization of nutrients to provide heat and energy to the body. The important thing to remember is that these acid-based chemical reactions are continually occurring. But like anything in life, too much of a good thing isn‘t good at all. Our bodies are designed to provide the perfect balance of acids necessary for normal functioning. Problems arise only when we get too much acid in the body too often, which is the case when we fill our bodies with processed foods, work in unnatural indoor environments, and live daily with excess amounts of mental stress, pollution, etc. Then the natural acid balance is disrupted and when this imbalance is not corrected, the processes of disease and premature aging begin or are accelerated, especially in those already susceptible to or weakened by disease. And no matter how hard doctors try to minimize the impact of chronic overacidity by recommending palliatives like Mylanta® or Tagamet®, the sciences of physiology and biochemistry have a different view.

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As Important As Air & Water
In order to understand more about how acids work in our bodies, let‘s start by looking at some simple facts. Most of us know that the body needs certain acids in proper concentrations in order to digest food (such as gastric acids). But the role of acids in the body is far more crucial and far-reaching than we realize. Inside our bodies, natural ―electricity‖ is produced by the combination of acids and water and minerals which start up a series of chemical reactions that are as fundamental to human life as air and water, without which our bodies would not function. Let‘s go back to the example of the reaction that occurs within a car engine. The battery in your car contains sulfuric acid and water. This combination (acid and water) explodes hydrogen atoms, which creates an electrical charge. This electrical charge or ―spark‖ from the acid and water reaction in the battery ignites the fuel (gasoline), producing heat and energy that power the car. Like the car battery, the human body contains both water (about 70% of body weight) and acids which are produced during metabolism or which are supplied by the substances we eat and drink. This combination of water and acids in the body supplies an electrical charge, which ignites our fuel (food and nutrients) and produces the heat and energy that power our bodies and give us life. But let‘s go back to our example of the car engine. The battery acids have supplied the electrical spark to ignite the fuel and now the car is up and running. But what happens to the engine if too much fuel is being burned too quickly, and in the process, the fuel isn‘t being burned efficiently? Suddenly, the energy and heat produced by the engine is out of control. The motor gets too hot and begins to build up internal pressure from the gas because the fuel isn‘t burning cleanly. Now the engine may start to backfire to relieve the pressure, belching big clouds of noxious fumes out the tailpipe (sound familiar?).

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The ―ash‖ or wastes produced by the burning fuel, which ordinarily are cleanly removed from the engine through the exhaust system, now start building up a big, black, gooey, greasy mess all through the inside of the motor. At this point, you can probably still drive the car, even though it isn‘t running the way it should. But if you don‘t fix the underlying problem, eventually the engine will be choked up with ‗gunk,‘ and won‘t run at all.

The same thing happens to your body when acid levels rise too high. Too much fuel (like food and nutrients) is burned too quickly and inefficiently. Internal pressure builds up, causing excess gas, bloating and pain, which is eliminated through our ―tailpipe‖ or through the mouth (burping or belching).

Another problem is the waste or ―ash‖ left over from the burning or metabolism of nutrients (like ash is left over from burning wood). If the acid fires are efficient, not much ―ash‖ is left and the body easily eliminates it through the colon and bloodstream. But if excess acids cause the fires (or metabolic processes) to speed up, the fire doesn‘t burn our fuels efficiently and too much ash or wastes build up, making it harder for the body to eliminate them. This buildup of wastes eventually becomes just like the gunk that chokes up the car engine. Now your body doesn‘t run well anymore, and if the problem goes uncorrected long enough, it can break down all together.

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How Nature Regulates Acid Fires
We know that acids are, by nature, substances that burn other substances. As we‘ve seen, acids provide hydrogen particles that begin the process of ―combustion‖ or metabolism that burns the fuel that makes our bodies ―run.‖ In controlled amounts, acids are essential to human life. But when too much acid is supplied, the ―burning‖ process becomes too intense and corrosive, and it begins to damage and destroy our bodies‘ delicate cells, membranes and tissues. Because of this potentially corrosive property of acid, nature had to devise a way to ―cool down‖ acid fires in the body, to keep them under control, so that the body got the beneficial, rather than the destructive properties of these powerful natural substances. In the car, the acid fire or combustion is cooled down and kept under control by the water in the radiator, which is pumped through pipes to all parts of the engine. The cooling, circulating water keeps the engine from overheating. In much the same way, our bodies‘ heart and muscle contractions pump blood and other fluids throughout the body, which cool down our internal acid fires so that we produce the right amount of heat and energy. But this isn‘t the only way our bodies keep acid fires under control. Because the human body is such an enormously complex organism, our process of metabolism or internal combustion (acid fires burning fuel to produce energy) is also very complicated. So the cooling process, which regulates the acid fires, has to be very sophisticated — and it is. Our body actually has a number of tools that it uses to keep acid levels from rising too high. These acid-regulating or cooling methods are referred to as ―alkaline buffers.‖ But before we look at what these alkaline buffers are and how they work, let‘s first examine briefly why the body needs so much help in controlling acid.

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Cells & Acid Corrosion
Inside our bodies, we have acid reactions occurring continuously, not only in the stomach, where the initial conversion of food to heat and energy takes place, but in every single cell of the body as well. Each cell in the human body has a life of its own, and each one independently operates its own tiny ―engine.‖ Every individual cell needs fuel, which it converts to heat and energy in order to function. The bloodstream is like a river that delivers the nutrients (or fuel) directly to each cell. Inside the cell, acids are again used to start the ‗fire‘ that burns the nutrients, releasing the heat and energy that supply life. Once the nutrients are burned, leftover ash, or waste, is shipped out of the cell back into the bloodstream, which eventually removes it from the body Everything works great for the cell when acid levels are just right. But if too much acid is present in the blood and fluids outside and inside the cell, the acid fires (acid metabolism) get out of control and the cell can literally be destroyed by ―burning‖ and waste buildup. This condition is often referred to as acidosis. If enough cells die, disease, premature aging and (if extreme) even death can result. To prevent such a catastrophe, the body rushes in when acid levels rise above normal, to neutralize and eliminate the excess acid with several different backup mechanisms. The three primary natural mechanisms that protect us against over acidity in body fluids, cells and tissues are: 1. Alkaline buffering minerals in the blood 2. The activity of the kidneys 3. Lung function and breathing Let‘s take a look at each of these vital systems to see how they maintain normal acid levels.

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The Nutrient Alkaline Buffers
When sulfuric acid in a car battery comes into contact with water it creates electricity to power the car. A similar reaction also occurred in the earlier example of vinegar mixing with baking soda. In both of these reactions an acid (sulfuric acid or vinegar) and an alkaline ―buffering‖ substance (water or sodium bicarbonate) were needed for the reaction to occur. These same reactions occur in the human body. Acids, as we said earlier, are essential to human life. But they can become corrosive when their levels become excessive. This is why it is necessary for the body to use alkaline minerals, or ―buffers,‖ which combine with the acids to create energy for your body, rather than destructive acid buildup. These primary alkaline buffers that are utilized by the body to moderate acid reactions are critical minerals: sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and manganese. Before we get into specifics about what these minerals do, let‘s look a little more closely at what makes a substance an alkaline buffer. In order for the fluids in our bodies to maintain a proper pH (acid/alkaline balance), they need these five key minerals to help buffer, or neutralize the acidic substances in our body. These crucial minerals help to create and control acid reactions that initiate such key functions as metabolism, digestion, waste elimination and other vital processes that are needed for human life. Each mineral works as a neutralizer of the acid-forming minerals in the body, which include: sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine and iodine. Here‘s a more detailed run-down on each of these vital buffering or alkaline minerals and some of the common health conditions associated with their deficiency.

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Calcium: More than Bone Health!
Calcium is one of the most important minerals in the body, and is vital for strong bones and teeth. More and more doctors are encouraging their patients to take calcium supplements regularly. But what doctors are not emphasizing is that calcium also helps as a buffer, to balance the acids in our body. About 99% of the calcium in the body is located in the bones and teeth. The remaining small amount (1%) is found in various soft tissues throughout the body and the blood. Calcium is one of the important minerals that helps the blood stay slightly alkaline.

This trace amount of calcium, because of its highly important role as an alkalizing source in the blood and other areas in the body, is constantly in demand, ESPECIALLY IF THE BODY IS IN A CONSTANT STATE OF OVERACIDITY. The problem is that when soft tissues and the blood do not get sufficient calcium, which is the case when our bodies become too acidic, the body begins leaching calcium from other sources. Unless you have reserves in your liver, stored from food or proper supplementation, the body will pull calcium from the bones to compensate for the lack of alkalinity in the tissues and the blood. And to make things worse, if the body is in a constant acidic state, then your bones will suffer a gradual depletion of calcium throughout your life — a virtual guarantee of decreased bone density or even osteoporosis later in life. When there is no reserve calcium to use, the calcium has to be taken from the bone structure itself. The spine and pelvic bones are usually the first to be robbed of calcium. Frequently, this calcium depletion is not found until much later in life, as the calcium is depleted in minute doses over time. 10% to 40% of the normal amount of calcium may be withdrawn from mature bones before the deficiency appears on an X-ray. This explains why osteoporosis can hit so suddenly after the age of 40 — it‘s actually been slowly developing over many years due to calcium depletion which is linked to chronic excess acidity.
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I cannot tell you how many people I know who are in their later years and complain about osteoporosis, back pain and deteriorating bones, meanwhile insisting that they have taken plenty of calcium supplements and milk all their lives! However, what they may not have realized is that the acid state of the fluids in their bodies may have promoted the continuous depletion of calcium reserves that led to the leaching of calcium from the bones in order to perform buffering in the blood. Until the acidic state of the body is balanced with alkaline minerals through ingestion of proper food and/or supplements, the body keeps fighting a losing battle, trying to compensate for the lack of calcium needed to buffer chronic excess acidity throughout the body by borrowing it from the bones.

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Magnesium: Calcium's Partner
Many people know that magnesium is like a cousin to calcium. Calcium supplements often have magnesium added to them, as it has been found that magnesium can help in the absorption and utilization of calcium. But what many people do not know is that magnesium also works as a buffer to help neutralize acids in the body. About 70% of the body‘s magnesium is found in the bones, while the rest is also found in soft tissues and the blood, where it works as a neutralizer of acids in the body‘s fluids, just like calcium. Magnesium is a critical co-factor in more than 300 chemical reactions in the body including the metabolism of glucose, the oxidation of fatty acids and the activation of amino acids. These are only three of the reactions that depend on magnesium, and they are involved ultimately with maintaining the proper acid/alkaline ratio in the body. As we saw earlier, the majority of calcium and magnesium is found in the bones. However, about 80% of the body‘s acid-forming element, phosphorus, is also located in the bones. Though acidic, phosphorus is an essential part of the chemical reactions with proteins, fats and carbohydrates to give the body energy and vital materials for growth and repair. However, high phosphorus levels (which, for example, may be created by too many phosphorus containing foods, like miso, eggs, salmon and tuna) can create excess acid that the body must neutralize by pulling magnesium out of the bones and tissues. Over time, high phosphorus levels and other excess acids can create moderate to severe magnesium deficiencies which, if left untreated, may result in damage to the nervous system, heart, muscles and more.

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Sodium and Potassium —
The Electrical Buffers
Although these two minerals seem to be viewed as the ―good‖ (potassium) mineral versus the ―bad‖ (sodium) mineral with the increased attention being placed on low sodium diets to prevent high blood pressure and heart disease, these two nutrients are both critical to your acid/alkaline balance. Sodium is primarily found in the fluids that circulate OUTSIDE the body‘s cells, while potassium is primarily located INSIDE the cells. These two nutrients help keep a balance of water between the cells and the extracellular body fluids, and act as chemical catalysts for conduction of electrical impulses over the cell membranes. These electrical impulses initiate nerve stimulation, the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle activity and strength. This is why sodium and potassium are referred to as primary electrolytes. Sodium and potassium also work with proteins, phosphates, and carbonates to keep a proper acid/alkaline balance in the blood. Because sodium and potassium work together to keep the crucial acid-alkaline balance, it is important to know that your body needs adequate amounts of these two minerals to keep your blood slightly alkaline. But the problem is that stress, overexercising, poor diet and sedentary lifestyles decrease or imbalance sodium and potassium levels while at the same time raising acid levels. This results in fatigue, muscle weakness, poor mental focus and weakened resistance to illness and chronic diseases. Electrolyte deficiencies are dangerous. Potassium for instance, is critical to the contraction of the heart muscle, and a deficiency can lead to high blood pressure and heart problems in addition to pH imbalance. This is another reason why it is so important to eat right, exercise correctly and reduce stress in order to maintain proper sodium and potassium levels.

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Manganese
Manganese is important to the body because it helps metabolize fat, build bones and DNA. While not as critical to pH as the other minerals, it does help to buffer excess acids and dispose of them through the kidneys.

The All-Important Buffering Organs
Because the acid/alkaline balance is so critical, the body, rather than relying solely on minerals and nutritional substances to maintain proper pH, provides crucial ―back up systems‖ which are designed to prevent severe and potentially fatal fluctuations in pH balance. Most of us don‘t realize that our lungs and kidneys continually perform complex functions that are specific to maintaining balanced pH, but the truth is that this little-publicized connection between pH and the kidneys and lungs governs not only our day to day health, but our ultimate survival as well.

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The Kidneys & pH
Sometimes referred to as the ―Master Chemists,‖ the kidneys help to balance all of the nutrients and natural chemicals in the blood. They continually regulate the amount of water in the body, as well as the different minerals needed for balanced blood pH. Additionally, the kidneys remove acid substances after food has been broken down and burned by the body. The kidneys do this by eliminating excess acids through urine, so that acid/alkaline levels in the blood remain constant. Another critical function of the kidneys is to produce sodium bicarbonate, which operates as an alkaline buffer for the blood. Within the kidneys, sodium works together with carbonate to create a buffering compound called sodium bicarbonate. Through a complex process of ―reclamation‖ and ―regeneration‖ of sodium bicarbonate which neutralizes excess acid, the kidneys help to maintain the proper acid/alkaline balance needed in the blood in order to keep it at a life-sustaining pH of 7.4 When the acid levels in the blood rise, the kidneys begin to regenerate (or produce) more sodium bicarbonate to neutralize the excess acid. Conversely, when the sodium bicarbonate exceeds its ―bicarbonate serum concentration threshold,‖ the kidneys excrete, or ―reclaim,‖ the bicarbonate from the blood and dispose of it from the body via the urine, so that the blood does not become excessively alkaline. The maintenance of the proper sodium bicarbonate level in the kidneys to provide a buffering system in the blood to maintain its pH is crucial to life. Even a slight deviation in blood pH can cause serious health problems or death. For instance, a blood pH of 6.95 (the normal being approximately 7.4) could even result in a coma! As the kidneys help to excrete excess sodium bicarbonate through the urine to keep the blood from becoming too alkaline, they also excrete acids to prevent excess acidity in the system. Under normal conditions, the kidneys excrete about 50-100 mEq of hydrogen ions (acids) per day in the form of ammonium (NH4+). It‘s important to be aware that if your urine has a persistently strong ammonia smell to it, it may be a signal that your kidneys are working overtime to eliminate excessive acid from the blood. This could be a sign of serious acid/alkaline imbalance that may be linked to a significant health disorder.

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It is so important to keep in mind that chronic excess stress, poor diet or excessive exercise can place an enormous burden on the kidneys. Excessive meat, soda, sugar and stress for instance, all form excess acid in the body which force your kidneys to work harder and harder to eliminate and buffer. Think about it. You work hard at an office job all day stressing mentally about office problems; you down a hamburger and soda for lunch, have a couple more sodas to quench your thirst in the afternoon and then head to the gym for a grueling exercise routine after work, followed by a meat and potatoes dinner. Your entire day has now been an acid-forming nightmare that your kidneys have to sort out by furiously producing extra sodium bicarbonate to neutralize the elevated levels of excess acid. Additionally, the kidneys now have to work harder to remove unneutralized acids from the blood by forming more urine to carry the acid out of the body. If you repeat this scenario often enough, the kidneys will be tired and worn out long before their time, simply because they're working far beyond the levels of stress and acid they were designed to handle. When this happens, you‘ll start having chronic problems with increased urination, bladder irritation, kidney stones, kidney infections, urinary tract infections, and in extreme cases, serious problems like kidney failure or diabetes can develop. So the next time you reach for the soda or the junk food lunch, or experience a grueling high-stress day, think about your kidneys and give them a rest. Have a soothing alkaline dinner or relaxing bath — do a little massage on your lower back where your kidneys are hard at work — and thank them for a job well done. Signs of Kidney Stress
• • • • • • • Dark circles under the eyes. Lower back pain. Swelling in the legs. Sudden weight gain. Unexplained headaches. Reoccurring urinary tract infections. Raised ridges on fingernails.

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Lungs & Breathing —
Where Did All The Oxygen Go?
The lungs provide another indispensable function in the acid/alkaline balancing system of the body. When you inhale, you flood your lungs with oxygen which is then distributed by your bloodstream to every cell in your body. The oxygen that enters the blood helps neutralize the hydrogen protons (acids) and thereby lends an alkaline boost to the body that‘s critical to maintaining your acid/alkaline balance. As the oxygen courses through the lungs and bloodstream, complex chemical processes gradually convert the oxygen to carbon dioxide (CO2) which is acidforming in the body. The lungs expel the carbon dioxide as you exhale, so that acid levels do not exceed acceptable limits and the pH (acid/alkaline) balance is maintained. So both oxygen and carbon dioxide are critical to pH balance. Can you get too much oxygen or carbon dioxide in the system? Absolutely — just as the pH balance must be kept within a certain range, both oxygen and carbon dioxide levels must be balanced also. If the oxygen levels are too high, the system becomes too alkaline. If carbon dioxide levels are excessive, the body becomes too acid. Hyperventilation is an example of excess oxygenation. Too much oxygen is drawn into the body too quickly and carbon dioxide levels fall. At this point, the blood alkalinity increases dramatically severely upsetting the delicate pH balance, and if prolonged, the person could experience serious physiological disruption.

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On the other hand, shallow breathing, which is far more common, produces more carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, which results in higher acid levels. Our breathing becomes shallow during periods of fear or stress. Long-term fears or chronic high-stress situations such as grief, marital problems, excessive exercise, stressful work environments, emotional upsets or even the stress of long commutes through city traffic all affect our breathing habits. Rather than the deep breaths that we take during relaxation and rest, hurry, worry and fearfulness over a long period of time cause us to take smaller, more shallow breaths that deliver a reduced stream of oxygen to the lungs, which in turn decrease the alkaline reserves in the bloodstream, kidneys and liver. Additionally, lack of proper exercise and a sedentary lifestyle result in poor breathing habits which interfere with our intake of alkalinizing oxygen. Over time, this decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide begins to significantly disrupt pH balance as the acid levels rise throughout the system. And as acid increases, so does the probability of pH-related health disorders. Another obvious factor that affects our lungs‘ ability to regulate pH is environmental pollution. Fresh clean air helps promote deep, satisfying breaths. Smog, cigarette smoke, chemicals and dust impair our desire to breathe deeply and what we do inhale can be a toxic acid-forming cocktail that does nothing to promote healthy lungs or a healthy pH balance. So let‘s review the primary causes of excess acid buildup in the body, and look at the physical symptoms and signs of systemic acidity.

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The Primary Causes of an Acid Crisis
1. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and manganese deficiencies from poor diet, stress, smoking or illness rob the body of critical alkaline nutrient buffers and raise internal acid levels. 2. The lack of proper rest, stress, improper diet and excessive exercise overwork the kidneys and impair their ability to excrete acids and produce proper amounts of alkaline sodium bicarbonate. Crash diets and fasting also increase acidity and stress the kidneys. 3. Fear, stressful lifestyles, environmental pollution and lack of proper exercise cause habitual shallow breathing which limits the amount of alkalinizing oxygen available to the lungs and bloodstream and allows systemic acid levels to increase. Smoking is another cause of an acid crisis that is not only deadly to your lungs but to your pH balance as well. 4. Excessive exercise causes lactic acid, in particular, to build up in muscles and tissues, resulting in muscle weakness, strain and fatigue. Rather than increasing strength, inappropriate levels of exercise actually decrease your overall strength, endurance and performance ability. Increased lactic acid = decreased health and stamina.

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Signs of an Acid Crisis
If you‘re experiencing any of the symptoms below over a long period of time, you may have a problem with an internal systemic acid imbalance:
• • • • • • • • • Fatigue • Headaches • Muscle weakness • Bladder irritation • Wrinkles • High cholesterol • Distended stomach • Obesity, Weight gain • Skin disorders (acne, • psoriasis, eczema, etc,) Diarrhea, Constipation Sore joints and muscles Urinary tract infection Arthritis or inflammation Indigestion and heartburn Frequent colds and flu Kidney stones, Gallstones Allergies Weakened resistance to infection

Now that we‘ve reviewed the key causes and signs of an acid crisis, let‘s take a look at some of the solutions.

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Overcoming the Acid Crisis
Although our modern lifestyles seem to offer few solutions to our often out of control pH imbalances, we can begin to form some simple health habits that will definitely help relieve an acid crisis. Remember that diet, kidney and lung health all play a crucial part in maintaining the correct acid balance. Another factor to be aware of is that consistent alkalinity is as much a sign of a health disorder as chronic acidity, so be sure to monitor your pH balance as often as possible.

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Monitoring Your pH
Remember that the term ―pH‖ means potential hydrogen, or in other words, it refers to the amount of hydrogen particles (H) (acids) that are available in your system as potential (p) for use in acid-based chemical reactions such as metabolism. There are several different methods for measuring pH and these include blood, urine or saliva tests. The pH of your blood can be measured by your doctor through lab tests. Urine or saliva pH can be measured by you at home with a simple litmus paper test. Although obviously not as accurate as lab testing, pH tests at home can help to alert you to possible signs of pH imbalances. Potential hydrogen or pH is measured in a logarithmic scale of 1 to 14. Numbers below 7.0 are considered increasingly acid, (with 1 being the most acid), while values above 7.0 are increasingly alkaline. Blood pH must remain within a stable range of 7.0 to 7.8 with 7.4 being considered to be optimal normal value. When blood pH falls outside of this range serious disturbances in metabolism, cell function and electrolyte levels occur, and even death can result. Obviously, this scenario would be seen only in cases of serious health conditions such as heart, cardiovascular, lung or kidney disease, or in instances such as heat stroke in which electrolyte levels fall dangerously low. Urine and saliva pH can be tested by means of a simple litmus paper which is dipped into either the urine or saliva. Regardless of the base color of the litmus paper, the paper turns a certain color after being dipped in either fluid. Then you simply compare the results to a color chart which shows you the pH number value that corresponds to the color of the litmus paper. These litmus tests for urine and saliva are meant to be indicators of pH trends within your body. In other words, a single test of either fluid is not going to be an indicator of a health problem. Urine and saliva pH fluctuate throughout the day in response to the foods you eat, your activity levels, water intake and other factors. So it‘s impossible to get an accurate overview of your pH levels with a single test. What you‘re looking for in urine and saliva pH tests is repetitive tests that show normal or abnormal trends.

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Urine Testing
Urine pH is a general indicator of how much acid is being excreted by your kidneys. When you get up in the morning, urine pH is lower (more acid) because you‘ve been fasting all night which means there‘s been no intake of water or minerals to neutralize or dilute internal acid levels. Morning urine pH can be as low as 4.5 which is normal. During the day, urine pH rises (becomes more alkaline) as we eat and drink and the pH values will rise as high as 8.0. This is a normal fluctuation in urine pH values. What is not normal are urine pH values that do not change throughout the day, even when tested over a long period of time. If your urine pH, for example, is 4.5 in the morning, afternoon and night for a period of two weeks or more, it would indicate abnormally high levels of internal acid and kidney or pancreatic stress. Conversely, if your urine pH is continually high (alkaline) for long periods of time, it could indicate a possible disruption in liver, kidney or pancreatic function. Obviously, these types of scenarios are exceptions that most of us will never experience. The common trends that the majority of us want to be aware of are more subtle indications of too much acid or alkaline in our diets, or too much work or environmental stress. If your urine pH is consistently acid (below 6.5-7.0) after dinner and relaxation, do more deep breathing and eat more alkaline vegetables, salads, and fruits. Drink more water and do some relaxation exercises to relieve stress. Retest your evening urine over several days as you make these changes, and watch as your urine pH begins to rise and become more alkaline (7.0-8.0 or slightly higher). By monitoring your urine pH in this way, you can make important diet and lifestyle changes that will positively impact your overall health for years to come. Ideal pH Readings for Urine; Morning 4.5 – 6.5 Increase Throughout The Day 7.0-8.0

Evening

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Saliva Testing
In the case of saliva, test values can indicate blood levels of carbon dioxide as well as blood levels of carbonic acid and the amount of mineral stores of sodium, calcium and bicarbonate found in the liver. If the liver‘s alkaline reserves are low, then most likely the saliva readings will stay below 7.0 at all times of the day. Saliva pH does not change very quickly once dietary changes are made. However, the exception to this rule is when we are eating. During this time, the body produces more saliva and it then draws from mineral reserves in the blood to help keep the saliva pH in the range of 7.0 to 7.2. This is because the enzyme, amylase, which is found in the mouth and works to break down starches when eating, needs the saliva to be at this level to function optimally. With the exception of this situation, saliva pH should only fluctuate between about 3 or 4 tenths of a point on the pH scale. As a general rule healthy saliva pH levels should fluctuate between 6.4 and 7.2 during the day. Vegetarians, because they do not eat highly acidic meat, may fluctuate at higher ranges, perhaps even as high as 8.4.

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The Nutritional Solution
Physiological mechanisms behind pH balancing are extremely complex, but achieving better acid/alkaline balance can be quite simple. Start with your diet. There are certain types of food that are acid-forming such as meats, grains and sugars. Other types of food are alkaline-forming such as fruits and vegetables. For optimal pH maintenance, you need a balance of both acid and alkaline foods. Many nutritionists recommend a ratio of 30%-40% acid foods to 60%-70% alkaline foods. The problem is that most of us eat about 80% acid foods, (the meat and potato meals), while we leave the salad and vegetables sitting on our plates. This is one important reason why we age faster than we have to and why we develop disorders such as arthritis, stiff joints, aching muscles, liver problems, kidney and gallstones, ulcers, digestive problems, gout, weakened immunity, eczema, acne, organ degeneration and so on. Study the acid/alkaline food chart on page 35, and begin mapping out your strategy for a better pH-balanced diet. An important factor that I consider in my own food choices is the Eat Right For Your Type diet outlined by Dr. Peter D‘Adamo. Referred to as the ―blood-type diet‖ this approach suggests, for example, that persons with an ―O‖ blood type require a more acid diet that includes meat, while the ―A‖ blood type requires a much more alkaline vegetarian-diet. I like this approach and it works well for me as long as I keep the pH balancing principles in mind. As an ―O‖ blood type, I do eat meat 3-5 times a week, balanced with plenty of vegetables and small amounts of fruit. Whatever diet you choose to follow, make sure you‘re balancing the ratio of acid to alkaline foods throughout the day. You don't have to obsess over every choice you make if you keep in mind that meats, high protein foods, grains, caffeine, sugar, breads, sweets and carbonated beverages are the primary nutritional sources of acids, while most vegetables and fruits are alkaline.

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Caring For the Kidneys
Generally speaking, the kidneys are two of the most overlooked organs in the body. We take drugs and supplements for the heart, stomach, liver, intestines and pancreas, but we seldom if ever consider the health of our kidneys. The kidneys balance every substance in our blood every second of the day, maintaining critical levels of every nutrient and chemical in our blood while continuously excreting excess levels of these life-sustaining elements in just the right ratios to sustain life. They make and distribute critical hormones and produce indispensable alkaline buffers. The kidneys do all of this and ask very little in return other than a proper diet and moderate stress and exercise. Continuous high stress environments, soda, junk food and frantic, heavy exercise are damaging your kidneys and ultimately your acid/alkaline balance as well. You don‘t have to go to extremes to care for your kidneys. Eat a healthy diet of at least 60% alkaline foods and decrease stress in every way possible. Mental and emotional stress put a tremendous burden on the kidneys, altering your acid/alkaline balance, hormone balance and more. Additionally, heavy exercise and intense physical exertion require increased electrolyte intake and alkalinizing food and supplements so that the kidneys do not have to work harder to buffer and excrete larger doses of lactic, acetic and carbonic acids that are produced in response to increased muscle activity. Relaxing baths with good quality bath salts, lower back massages, or warm compresses on the kidney area (lower back) after a hard day are excellent for tired kidneys. Horsetail tea and the homeopathic remedy Berberis Vulgaris are other home remedies that soothe overworked kidneys and allow the release of excess acids through the urine. You‘ll find that a pH balanced diet, moderate work, stress and exercise and these few home remedies will make all the difference in how you feel and how well you age as the years go by.

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Supporting the Lungs
The lungs eliminate carbon dioxide, an acid product of cellular metabolism. But, to do their job effectively, we must breathe properly. Breathing is so important to overall health that Dr. Andrew Weil, an alternative health physician says, ―If I had to limit my advice on healthier living to just one tip, it would be simply to learn how to breathe correctly.‖ Nancy Zi, a breathing expert and author, says, ―Breathing incorrectly can produce tension, exhaustion and vocal strain, interfere with athletic activity and encourage aches and illnesses. Breathe correctly, however, and you can melt away tension and stress, improve energy or simply relax and unwind.‖ But, what is breathing correctly? Deep breathing, as opposed to shallow breathing; long exhalations, instead of short ones; six to eight deep, complete breaths, instead of 12 to 14 short, shallow breaths. Zi says that most people are shallow breathers, but they can be taught to be deep breathers through breathing exercises. The goal of these exercises is to make use of the entire lung and keep the chest muscles active. Zi recommends that we lower the diaphragm muscle by expanding the abdomen. When this happens, the lungs elongate and draw in air. ―You don't breathe into the abdomen; you allow it to expand comfortably all around its circumference — back, sides and front. Proper core breathing is really the foundation for all things — it's the foundation of health.‖ Breathing oxygenates, thus neutralizes acids in every cell of your body, from your brain to your organs. In a study published in the English medical journal, the Lancet, cardiac patients who took 12 to 14 shallow breaths per minute were more likely to have low levels of blood oxygen, which, according to the study, ―may impair skeletal, muscle and metabolic function and lead to muscle atrophy and exercise intolerance.‖ When our body rests and relaxes during breathing exercises, it eliminates excess acids much more quickly than it produces them. The extra oxygen you get increases the overall alkalinity of the body. Remind yourself throughout the day to breathe deeply, especially during periods of strain, stress, pain or hard work.

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Do Moderate Exercise
When we over-exercise, our bodies produce more lactic acid, which can create extreme soreness and muscle weakness, not really the point of exercise. The point of exercise is to slowly build up your body‘s capacity for oxygen. Start an exercise regimen slowly and don‘t exercise to exhaustion. Then, after you‘re done, make sure to leave plenty of time for cooling down, breathing deeply and returning your body to a normal acid balance. Besides increasing your oxygen levels, other benefits of moderate exercising include deeper, more complete breathing, sweating, and elevation of the body‘s internal temperature, which increases circulation and helps remove acid wastes. All of these benefits act to alkalinize the body.

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Reduce Stress
Any stressor, be it physical or emotional, yields an acid response. Unfortunately, juggling tasks and meeting unrealistic deadlines are a part of the ―results-based‖ world we live in. But, this results-based world can result in unhealthy bodies! Stress of any kind forces our bodies into the ―fight or flight‖ mode, which means that the body generates hormones, redirects resources away from the digestive tract, contracts some muscles and relaxes others. If the situation does resolve by either fighting off the adversary or escaping from it, the body relaxes, the acid wastes are flushed from the system, and the body returns to its normal pH balance. If, however, the situation is not resolved, the acid wastes accumulate, and your body remains in a constant state of emergency readiness. That means your muscles are tense, your heartbeat is rapid, your breathing is shallow and your digestive system is disrupted, which, in turn, creates more excess acid. It‘s so important to do everything you can to relieve stress. Relaxation techniques, swimming, bathing, massages, anti-stress supplements and alkaline foods are crucial for combating stress and for neutralizing damaging acids. Make a habit of doing conscious relaxation activities every day. So to summarize, the steps below recap the simple, effective ways that you can begin to change your acid/alkaline balance for the better and avoid an acid crisis.

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Solutions to the Acid Crisis
1. Eat a pH balanced diet (about 60% alkaline foods and 40% acid foods). 2. Avoid heavy stress and exercise that can overwork the kidneys. 3. Practice deep breathing that allows the lungs and abdomen to expand and oxygenate the body. 4. Demand and take consistent rest and relaxation to reduce the acid load on internal organs. 5. Take extra electrolytes or alkalinizing supplements during times of stress, after heavy acid meals and following exercise and sports activities. Also drink plenty of pure water every day to dilute excess acid. 6. Get outdoors into the fresh air as often as possible to do gentle walking and deep breathing — even sitting outdoors is beneficial. 7. Completely eliminate the major acid crisis culprits — sodas, coffee and cigarettes and minimize alcohol and junk food intake.* *Remember that drinks like colas contain acids so strong they can be used as industrial solvents. Cola can have a pH value lower then 2.0. Your optimum blood pH is about 7.4. Can you imagine how hard your body‘s pH balancing systems have to work to buffer and excrete so strong an acid? 8. Avoid strenuous dieting and fasting. These practices produce excess stomach acid or other internal acids and reduce the amount of alkaline reserves, placing particular stress on the kidneys and liver. 9. Practice positive living. Negative emotions negatively impact our appetite, digestion, activity levels and more, which in turn adversely affects our internal pH balance.

In conclusion, your pH balance is a barometer for your whole body‘s well-being, so monitor your pH levels, use the solutions above and your body will reward you with a healthier, longer life that is well worth the effort!

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Acid/Alkaline Food Chart

7.5 - Lemons; Watermelon 7.0 - Agar Agar; Cantaloupe; Cayenne; Dried Dates & Figs; Kelp; Karengo; Kudzu Root; Limes; Mango; Melons; Papaya; Parsley; Seedless Grapes, Sweet; Watercress; Seaweeds 6.5 - Asparagus; Endive; Kiwifruit; Fruit Juices; Grapes, Sweet; Passionfruit; Pears, Sweet; Pineapple; Raisins; Umeboshi Plums; Vegetable Juices 6.0 - Apples, Sweet; Apricots; Alfalfa Sprouts; Arrowroot Flour; Bananas; Berries; Currants; Dates & Figs, Fresh; Garlic; Gooseberry; Grapes, Less Sweet; Grapefruit; Guavas, Herbs, Leafy Green; Lettuce, Leafy Green; Nectarines, Peaches, Sweet; Pears, Less Sweet; Peas, Fresh, Sweet; Persimmon; Pumpkin, Sweet 5.5 - Apples, Sour; Bamboo Shoots; Beans, Fresh Green; Beets; Bell Pepper; Broccoli; Cabbage; Cauliflower; Carob; Ginger, Fresh; Grapes, Sour; Lettuce, Pale Green; Oranges; Parsnip; Peaches, Less Sweet; Peas, Less Sweet; Potatoes and Skin; Pumpkin, Less Sweet; Raspberry; Sapote; Strawberry; Squash; Sweet Corn, Fresh; Tamari; Turnip; Vinegar, Apple Cider 5.0 - Almonds; Artichokes, Jerusalem; Brown Rice Syrup; Brussels Sprouts; Cherries; Coconut, Fresh; Cucumbers; Egg Plant; Honey, Raw; Leeks; Miso; Mushrooms; Okra; Olives, Ripe; Onions; Pickles, Home Made; Radish; Sea Salt; Spices; Tomatoes, Sweet; Vinegar, Sweet Brown Rice 4.5 - Chestnuts, Dry Roasted; Egg Yolks, Soft Cooked; Essene Bread; Goat‘s Milk and Whey, Raw; Mayonnaise, Home Made; Millet; Olive Oil; Quinoa; Sesame

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Seeds, Whole; Soy Beans, Dry; Soy Cheese; Soy Milk; Sprouted Grains; Tempeh; Tofu; Tomatoes, Less Sweet; Yeast, Nutritional Flakes 4.0 - Butter, Fresh, Unsalted; Cream, Fresh and Raw; Margarine; Milk, Raw Cow‘s; Oils (Except Olive Oil); Whey, Cow‘s; Yogurt, Plain 3.5 - Blueberries; Brazil Nuts; Butter, Salted; Cheeses, Mild and Crumbly; Crackers, Unrefined Rye; Dried Beans, Mung, Adzuki, Pinto, Kidney and Garbanzo; Dry Coconut; Egg Whites; Goat‘s Milk, Homogenized; Olives, Pickled; Pecans; Plums; Prunes 3.0 - Barley Malt Syrup; Barley (Rye); Bran; Cashews; Cereals, Unrefined With Honey, Fruit Or Maple Syrup; Cornmeal; Cranberries; Fructose; Honey, Pasteurized; Lentils; Macadamia Nuts; Maple Syrup, Unprocessed; Milk, Homogenized and Most Processed Dairy Products; Molasses, Unsulphered, Organic; Nutmeg; Mustard; Pistachios; Popcorn, Plain; Rice or Wheat Crackers, Unrefined; Rye Bread, Organic Sprouted; Seeds, Pumpkin and Sunflower; Walnuts 2.5 - Bananas, Green; Buckwheat; Cheeses, Sharp and Tasty; Corn and Rice Breads; Egg, Whole (Cooked Hard); Ketchup; Mayonnaise; Oats; Oats, Rye (Organic); Pasta, Whole Grain; Pastry, Whole Grain and Honey; Peanuts; Potatoes, Without Skin; Popcorn With Salt and Butter; Rice, Basmati; Rice, Brown; Soy Sauce, Commercial; Tapioca; Wheat Bread, Sprouted Organic 2.0 - Cigarette Tobacco (Roll Your Own); Cream of Wheat, Unrefined; Fish; Fruit Juices Made With Sugar; Maple Syrup, Processed; Molasses, Sulphured; Pickles, Commercial; Breads (Refined) of Corn, Oats, Rice and Rye; Cereals (Refined) eg. Corn Flakes; Shellfish; Wheat germ; Whole Wheat Foods; Wine; Yogurt, Sweetened 1.5 - Beer; Brown Sugar; Chicken; Deer; Chocolate; Coffee; Custard, With White Sugar; Jams; Jellies; Liquor; Pasta, White; Rabbit; Semolina; Table Salt, Refined and Iodized; Tea, Black; Turkey; Wheat Bread; White Rice; White Vinegar, Processed 1.0 - Beef; Carbonated Soft Drinks and Fizzy Drinks; Cigarettes; Drugs (TailorMade); Flour, White and Wheat; Goat; Lamb; Pastries and Cakes From White Flour; Pork; Sugar, White 0.5 - Artificial Sweeteners

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