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Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 11/E

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1.1  If the current in an electric conductor is 2.4 A, how many c­ oulombs of charge pass any point in a 30-second interval?

SOLUTION:

Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts

Problem 1.1 

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 11/E

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1.2  Determine the time interval required for a 12-A battery charger to deliver 4800 C.

SOLUTION:

Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts

Problem 1.2 

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 11/E

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1.3  A lightning bolt carrying 30,000 A lasts for 50 micro-seconds. If the lightning strikes an airplane flying at 20,000

feet, what is the charge deposited on the plane?

SOLUTION:

Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts

Problem 1.3 

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 11/E

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1.4  If a 12-V battery delivers 100 J in 5 s, find (a) the amount of charge delivered and (b) the current produced.

SOLUTION:

Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts

Problem 1.4 

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 11/E

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1.5  The current in a conductor is 1.5 A. How many coulombs of charge pass any point in a time interval of 1.5 minutes?

SOLUTION:

Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts

Problem 1.5 

6  .6  If 60 C of charge pass through an electric conductor in 30 seconds. determine the current in the conductor. 11/E 1 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin.

7  Determine the number of coulombs of charge produced by a 12-A battery charger in an hour. 11/E 1 1.7  . Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin.

8  Five coulombs of charge pass through the element in Fig.8 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.8 from point A to point B. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.8  . 11/E 1 1. If the energy absorbed by the element is 120 J.Irwin. B + V1 − A Figure P1. P1. determine the voltage across the element.

9 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. i(t) mA 10 0 10 20 t (s) Figure P1.9.9  T  he current that enters an element is shown in Fig. Find the charge that enters the element in the time interval 0 < t < 20 s. P1. 11/E 1 1.Irwin. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.9  .

SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. If the voltage across the element is 120​e−2 ​ t​V. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1 1.10  T  he charge entering the positive terminal of an element is q(t) = −30​e− ​ 4t​mC. determine the energy delivered to the element in the time interval 0 < t < 50 ms.Irwin.10  .

Compute the current in the element. the voltage across the element. and the energy delivered to the element in the time interval 0 < t < 100 ms. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.11  .Irwin. SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.11  T  he charge entering the positive terminal of an element is given by the expression q(t) = −12​e−2t​mC. 11/E 1 1. The power delivered to the element is p(t) = 2.4​e− ​ 3t​W.

Irwin.5 s starting from t = 0. Find the energy absorbed by the element in 1. SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.12  T  he voltage across an element is 12​e− ​ 2t​V. 11/E 1 1.12  . The current entering the positive terminal of the element is 2​e− ​ 2t​A.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.13 is 2​e− ​ 2t​W. Calculate the amount of charge that enters the BOX between 0. P1.1 and 0.13  .4 seconds.13 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 4e−t V + − BOX Figure P1.13  T  he power absorbed by the BOX in Fig.Irwin. 11/E 1 1.

14 is 0. 11/E 1 1.14  .14 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Calculate the energy absorbed by the BOX during this same time interval. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.1​e− ​ 4t​W.14  T  he power absorbed by the BOX in Fig. P1.Irwin. 10e−2t V + − BOX Figure P1.

15  . Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. P1.15 is shown below.Irwin.15 5 6 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −5 −10 SOLUTION: −15 Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 11/E 1 i (t) + − 15 V BOX 1.15  T  he energy absorbed by the BOX in Fig. How much charge enters the BOX between 0 and 10 milliseconds? i (t) w(t) (mJ) 15 15 V + − BOX 10 5 w(t) (mJ) 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −5 10 −10 5 −15 1 2 3 Figure 4 P1.

11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts .2 Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.15   Irwin.

11/E 1 i (t) + 12 V BOX − Calculate and sketch 1.16  .16 is shown in the graph below.Irwin. the current flowing into and the power absorbed by the BOX between 0 and 10 milliseconds. P1.16 −3 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.16  T  he charge that enters the BOX in Fig. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. i (t) q(t) (mC) + − 12 V 3 BOX 2 1 q(t) (mC) 5 3 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −1 2 −2 1 5 1 2 3 4 −3 6 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −1 −2 Figure P1.

11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts . Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.2 Problem 1.16   Irwin.

11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts 3 Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin.16  .

P1.17 6 1 2 3 4 7 5 8 10 9 12 11 t (s) −2. Also calculate the charge which enters the BOX between and 12 seconds.17  .5 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Calculate and sketch the current flowing into BOX 10 V0 + the BOX.17  T  he energy absorbed by the BOX in Fig. − i (t) 10 V w(t) (J) + − BOX 5 6 1 w(t) (J) 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 9 12 11 t (s) −2. 11/E 1 i (t) 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.17 is given below.Irwin.5 5 Figure P1.

17   Irwin. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.2 Problem 1. 11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts .

P1.5 1 q(t) (C) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 t (s) −0.18 is shown below. 11/E 1 i (t) 12 V + BOX − 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.18  T  he charge entering the upper terminal of the BOX in Fig.5 0.5 −1 −1.18 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 t (s) −0.5 1 −1 −1.5 1 2 Figure P1.18  .5 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin. How much energy is absorbed by the BOX between 0 and 9 seconds? q(t) (C) i (t) 1 12 V + − BOX 0.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.18   Irwin. 11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts .2 Problem 1.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin.19  . Calculate and sketch the current + BOX 12 V flowing into the BOX between 0 and 10 milliseconds.19 is shown in the graph below. i (t) − w(t) (mJ) 30 12 V + − BOX 20 10 5 w(t) (mJ) 1 30 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −10 20 −20 10 −30 5 1 2 6 3 4 Figure P1. P1.19  T  he energy absorbed by the BOX in Fig. 11/E 1 i (t) 1.19 7 8 9 10 t (ms) −10 −20 −30 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.

2 Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts .19   Irwin.

20  .20 if      (a)  V1 = 9 V and I = 2A     (b)  V1 = 9 V and I = −3A     (c)  V1 = −12 V and I = 2A     (d)  V1 = −12 V and I = −3A + I V1 − Figure P1.Irwin.20  D  etermine the amount of power absorbed or supplied by the element in Fig.20 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1 1. P1.

21.21  . Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 3A − 15 V A + Figure P1.21 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 11/E 1 1.21  C  alculate the power absorbed by element A in Fig.Irwin. P1.

2A + 20 V A − Figure P1.22 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. P1.22. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1 1.22  C  alculate the power supplied by element A in Fig.Irwin.22  .

P1.23 absorbs 30 W of power. 2A + Vx A − Figure P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1 1.23  E  lement A in the diagram in Fig.23 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Calculate V ​ x​ ​.23  .Irwin.

24  E  lement B in the diagram in Fig. Calculate I​ x​ ​.24 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.24  . − 24 V B + Ix Figure P1.Irwin. P1. 11/E 1 1.24 supplies 60 W of power.

25 supplies 72 W of power. P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.25  . 11/E 1 1.Irwin. Calculate V ​ A​ ​​.25 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 3A + VA B – Figure P1.25  E  lement B in the diagram in Fig.

26 supplies 72 W of power. 11/E 1. P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.26  . + 18 V B − Ix Figure P1. Calculate 1 Ix.26  E  lement B in the diagram in Fig.26 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. P1. P1.27 (a).Irwin.27 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 1 2 + 12 V − + 6V − (a) 1 2 − 6V + + 24 V − (b) Figure P1. P2 = −48 W. Is element 1 absorbing or supplying power.27  (a) In Fig. and how much? 1. Is element 2 absorbing or supplying power.27  .27 (b). 11/E 1 P1 = 36 W. and how much?     (b) In Fig.

28 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.28. Is element 2 absorbing or supplying power. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin. as shown in Fig. P1.28  .28  T  wo elements are connected in series. and how much? 1 2 + 3V − − 6V + Figure P1. 11/E 1 1. Element 1 supplies 24 W of power.

− 4V + + 2 8V − + 3 12 V − 1 Figure P1.29  E  lement 2 in Fig.29  .29 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.29 absorbed 32 W. 11/E 1 1. Find the power absorbed or supplied by elements 1 and 3. P1.

30 is 7 W.30  . + 4V 1 − − + + 6V 1 Is 2 2V − Figure P1. 11/E 1.Irwin.30 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. P1.30  C  hoose Is such that the power absorbed by element 2 in Fig.

31.31  .31 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. P1. 11/E 1 1.Irwin. + 6V 1 + 20 V Ix = 4 A − 2A + − 2A − + 8V 1 + 14 V 16 V + − 4A − + 6V 1 + V + − 2A − (a) Ix = 4 A − 2A + 8V 1 (b) − + 14 V 16 V + − 4A − 2Ix 4A 2A (a) 2Ix 4A 2A − (b) Figure P1.31  F  ind the power that is absorbed or supplied by the circuit elements in Fig.

32  . P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.  Ix = 2 A + 8V 1 −2A + − + − 12 V 2Ix 2A (a) 24 V −+ 2A + − + 2A 20 V 1 − Ix = 2 A + 4Ix 2 12 V − 2A (b) Figure P1.32  F  ind the power that is absorbed or supplied by the network elements in Fig. 11/E 1 1.32.32 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin.

33.Irwin. P1.33  Compute the power that is absorbed or supplied by the e­ lements in the network in Fig. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.33  .33 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.  Ix = 4 A + 12 V 1Ix − −+ 1 2A 36 V + − 2 + 24 V − 2A + 3 28 V − Figure P1. 11/E 1 1.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin. 2A + 4V 1 2Vx − −+ + 12 V + − 2 − Vx 2A Figure P1.34  Find the power that is absorbed or supplied by element 2 in Fig.34  .34 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 11/E 1 1. P1.34.

Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. P1. 11/E 1 1.35  Find I​ x in the network in Fig.35. 1Ix Ix + 12 V − 1 2A 36 V + − −+ + 2 24 V − 2A + 3 28 V − Figure P1.35  .35 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.Irwin.

36 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. P1.Irwin.36  Determine the power absorbed by element 1 in Fig.36  . Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. Ix + 12 V 1 − + + 36 V + − 24 V − 2Ix 8V 2 − 2A + 3 16 V − Figure P1. 11/E 1 1.36.

 P1.37 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.37  . 11/E 1 1.37. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin.37  Find the power absorbed or supplied by element 1 in Fig. − Ix 6V 1 18 V + − + + 4V 2 − 2A 24 V + − Ix 2Ix + 20 V − Figure P1.

38 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.38  .38  Find the power absorbed or supplied by element 3 in Fig. + 4V 1 12 V − −+ 4A 2A + 2 16 V − + − 12 V + − 4 2Vx + 3 2A 2A − Vx + 20 V − 2A Figure P1.Irwin. 11/E 1 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.38. P1.

39  . P1.Irwin. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1 1.39 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.39  Find the power absorbed or supplied by element 1 in Fig.39. + 4V 1 12 V − −+ + 4Ix + 12 V − 2 8V − 4A 4A + 3 20 V − 2A + 4 Ix 20 V − Figure P1.

40 using Tellegen’s t­heorem.40 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.40  F  ind Vx in the network in Fig. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 2A + 9V + 1 12 V − −+ 2 24 V + V − x − + 16 V − 3 − + 12 V Figure P1. P1.40  . 11/E 1 1.Irwin.

41  .41 using Tellegen’s ­theorem. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.Irwin.41 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. 2A + 4V − + 8V − + 18 V 2A + − 24 V + 12 V − 12 V − Ix 2A +− 1.41  Find 1 Ix + 6V − Figure P1. P1. 11/E Ix in the circuit in Fig.

42  Is the source + Vs in the network in Fig.42 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. and how much? 6V 3A VS − −+ 9A 6A − − − 10 V + 1 9A 3A 16 V + 8V + Figure P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1.42 absorbing or supplying power.Irwin.42  . P1.

Irwin. P1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 11/E 1.43 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.43 using Tellegen’s ­theorem.43  F  ind Io in the network in Fig.43  .  6A+ 24 V 4Ix 8V 1 − 4A + + − 2 − 6V 3 10 V − Io 8V 6 4 16 V − + 6V 5 − Ix=2 A + + + − 3A 1 − + 1A 3A Figure P1.

P1. 3Ix + −+ 24 V 5 − 2A 2A + 24 V 12 V 1 + − − + 2A + 12 V 4A 4A 6A − 6V 2 − + 6V 3 − − 9V 4 + 4A 15 V + − Ix = 2 A Figure P1.Irwin.44  . Also. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.44 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1.44.44  C  alculate the power absorbed by each element in the circuit in Fig. verify that Tellegen’s theorem is satisfied by this circuit. 11/E 1 1.

45. Also. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis.45 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. + 4A + 1A 40 V 2 3 − + − − + 1 5V 4 − 3A 4A 30 V − + + − 15 V + 5A − 5V 5V 10 V 1A + 5 10 V − Figure P1. P1.45  . 11/E 1 1.Irwin.45  C  alculate the power absorbed by each element in the circuit in Fig. verify that Tellegen’s theorem is satisfied by this circuit.

and element 4 absorbs 15 W. element 1 absorbs 40 W. P1.46.46 SOLUTION: Chapter 01:  Basic Concepts Problem 1. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. How much power is supplied by element 5? 1 3 2 4 5 Figure P1.Irwin. 11/E 1 1.46  In the circuit in Fig. element 3 supplies 25 W. element 2 supplies 50 W.46  .