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University of Santo Tomas

Faculty of Pharmacy
Pharmaceutical Chemistry 2

13 Cruz, Jessica Alyssa A.
14 De Guzman, Jeanne Kate D.
15 Diaz, Jose Avelino C.
16 Diwas, Julie P.
17 Espina, Pia Xyra A.
18 Faderugao, Martina D.
August 20, 2016
Scientific name: Adenium obesum
Common name(s):

Sabi star
mock azalea
impala lily
desert rose

Taxonomical classification:
Kingdom Plantae – Plantae
Division Tracheophyta
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus Adenium
Species Adenium obesum

In Saudi Arabia and Yemen.In Somalia. tannins.Study has yielded some 30 cardiotoxic glycosides with actions similar to digitalis. hongheloside A. flavonoids. a decoction of roots. . Constituents: . latex is rubbed on the head for lice. terpenoids. and flavonoids. Image of plant (w/ brief description): .In Kenya.In Kenya.No recorded folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. . . tannins. Powdered stems used for skin parasites of camels and cattle. the juice from the stem and crushed bark is applied on wounds. swellings.Used in magic potions.Roots and stems contain the same glycosides. glycoside and alkaloid. . steroids.3'-bis(O-methyl)quercetin. sprains.Aqueous extract of leaves yielded active components such as saponins. Others . . rheumatism. is used for treatment of venereal diseases. root decoction used as nose drops for rhinitis.Ethanol extract yielded the cardenolides somalin. used for ethnoveterinary control of lice and fleas in livestock. and honghelin and the flavonol 3. The bark is chewed as abortifacient. .In Arabian traditional medicine. alone or in combination with other plants. sap and bark are used to treat bone dislocations. . .In Sahel. wounds. Africa. glycosides. Root or bark extract is used as bath or lotion for skin diseases and lice. anthraquinones. used as arrow poison. -Phytochemicals of stem-bark yielded alkaloids. 16acetylstrospeside. Latex is used for decaying teeth and septic wounds.Ethnomedicinal and pharmacological use: Folkloric .In Senegal and Ethiopia. . paralysis. . skin infections. saponins.

the plant is called Bangkok kalachuchi in the Philippines. with a thick or swollen trunk. Seeds are linear. sometimes with fleshy tap roots. larvicidal. hardly prominent.Due to its resemblance to plumeria (Plumeria obtusa. 294-307 / DOI 10. Bangkok calachuche is a succulent shrub or small tree. Fruit is a follicle occurring in clusters to two or three. growing up to 3 meters high.66(9):1336-8. References: 1. 1 to 1. finely pubescent. fleshy. Stems exude a milky sap. Bark is smooth. and arranged in alternate spiral.3109/13880209409083007 . Nerves are pinnate.5 centimeters across. shiny green to pale brown. 1977 Sep. funnel-shaped. pp. Leaves are spatulate.1002/jps. with green slashes in color. Screening of tropical medicinal plants for molluscicidal. Flowers are showy. with elongated acuminate tips. 15 to 25 centimeters long. white calachuche) and being introduced from Bangkok. and clustered at the tips of the shoots. dark green. with a pappus on both ends. no3. with five distinct pinkish or light red lobes.2600660935 2. / DOI 10. deciduous. fungicidal and cytotoxic activities and brine shrimp toxicity / F Cepleanu et al / International journal of pharmacognosy / 1994. Thailand. Phytochemical investigation of Adenium obesum Forskal (Apocynaceae): isolation and identification of cytotoxic agents / Joseph J Hoffman et al / J Pharm Sci. 6 to 15 pairs laterally. vol. 32.