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Technological University of the Philippines

Ayala Boulevard, Ermita, Manila

College of Engineering
Department of Civil Engineering

CE 49L 4A
Construction Materials and Testing, Lab.

Experiment No. 2

SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF COARSE AGGREGATES

Puti, Shermae B.
15-205-172

Engr. Reynaldo O. Baarde


Instructor

I.

DATA AND RESULTS

Weight of SSD aggregate in air, Wa (kg)

4.95

Weight of aggregate in water, Ww (kg)

4.42

Weight of Wire Basket in water, Wb (kg)

II.

SAMPLE COMPUTATIONS

SG=

III.

0.734

Wa
4.95
=
=3.916
WaWw+Wb 4.954.42+0.734

DISCUSSION AND OBSERVATION


A. Discussion
Another property of an aggregate is specific gravity which is defined as a ration of unit weight
of an aggregate to the unit weight of another substance which is commonly water. In this
experiment, the specific gravity of coarse aggregates will be determined using the principle of
buoyancy.
Buoyancy. Archimedes principle of buoyancy states that a body immersed in a fluid is acted
upon by an upward force equal to the weight of the displaced fluid. This principle is used in
the determination of the specific gravity of the aggregate by using the derived formula shown
earlier. Consider an aggregate submerged in water. Water will exert a buoyant force to the
aggregate which will constitute an apparent loss of weight of the aggregate.
Saturated Surface-Dry (SSD). This condition of the aggregate is attained where an aggregate
is dry in its surface but its porous spaces are filled with water to ensure that the no air is
trapped at each particle of the aggregate and therefore only the weight of the dry aggregate
and water in the aggregate is considered.
Water absorption (water content). Water absorption or simply the water content determines
how much of the weight of the dry aggregates is composed of water during the test or the
weight of water that sips into the tiny pores of the aggregates.
B. Observations
During the experiment, the following was observed:
1. Aggregates use for the test is coarse aggregates with varying sizes and colors of
about 10-20mm and black to gray respectively.
2. Water color turns to light brown when the aggregate was soaked.

3. There is a little increase of the weight of the dry weight of aggregates and weight of
the aggregates at SSD condition.
4. There is an apparent loss of weight of the aggregates when weighed in water.
IV.

CONCLUSION
The specific gravity of a coarse aggregate can be determined using the principle of buoyancy. In
this laboratory test, it can be expressed in a formula shown below.

SG =

Wa
W aW w +W b

Where: SG
= specific gravity of aggregate at SSD condition
Wa
= weight of SSD aggregate in air (kg)
Ww
= weight of aggregate in water (kg)
Wb
= weight of wire basket in water (kg)
The percent absorption or water content of an aggregate is the ratio of the weight for water for
every weight of dry aggregates. It can be expressed in a formula shown below

Adsorption ( )=

W a W d
100
Wd

Where: Wa
Wd

= weight of SSD aggregate in air (kg)


= oven-dried weight of aggregate